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O A Gan'kina, E E Vasenina, O S Levin, E Yu Fedotova, S N Illarioshkin
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease. Literature sources indicate the association of PD and mutations in the glucocerebrosidase A (GBA) gene. According to our study, the frequency of the two most common mutations in the GBA gene, N370S and L444P, is 1.85%. Mutation carriers have slower progression of motor symptoms, but are more likely to develop drug-induced motor fluctuations and dyskinesia. In carriers of GBA mutations, the severity of cognitive impairment corresponds to age-matched patients without mutations...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Ganqiang Liu, Brendon Boot, Joseph J Locascio, Iris E Jansen, Sophie Winder-Rhodes, Shirley Eberly, Alexis Elbaz, Alexis Brice, Bernard Ravina, Jacobus J van Hilten, Florence Cormier-Dequaire, Jean-Christophe Corvol, Roger A Barker, Peter Heutink, Johan Marinus, Caroline H Williams-Gray, Clemens R Scherzer
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that mutations in the β-glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) causing neuropathic Gaucher's disease (GD) in homozygotes will be associated with aggressive cognitive decline in heterozygous Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, while mutations associated with non-neuropathic GD will confer intermediate progression rates. METHODS: 2,304 patients with PD and 20,868 longitudinal visits for up to 12.8 years (median 4.1) from seven cohorts were analyzed...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Neurology
Roberto Cilia, Sara Tunesi, Giorgio Marotta, Emanuele Cereda, Chiara Siri, Silvana Tesei, Anna L Zecchinelli, Margherita Canesi, Claudio B Mariani, Nicoletta Meucci, Giorgio Sacilotto, Michela Zini, Michela Barichella, Corrado Magnani, Stefano Duga, Rosanna Asselta, Giulia Soldà, Agostino Seresini, Manuela Seia, Gianni Pezzoli, Stefano Goldwurm
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to investigate survival, dementia, and genotype-phenotype correlations in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) with and without mutations on the glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA). METHODS: We included 2,764 unrelated consecutive PD patients: 123 GBA carriers (67 mild-p.N370S and 56 severe mainly p.L444P) and 2,641 noncarriers. Brain perfusion and dopamine transporter imaging was analyzed, including dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) as an additional control group...
September 15, 2016: Annals of Neurology
Jianbin Zheng, Long Chen, Michael Schwake, Richard B Silverman, Dimitri Krainc
Gaucher's disease is a common genetic disease caused by mutations in the β-glucocerebrosidase (GBA1) gene that have been also linked to increased risk of Parkinson's disease and Lewy body dementia. Stabilization of misfolded mutant β-glucocerebrosidase (GCase) represents an important therapeutic strategy in synucleinopathies. Here we report a novel class of GCase quinazoline inhibitors, obtained in a high throughput screening, with moderate potency against wild-type GCase. Rational design and a SAR study of this class of compounds led to a new series of quinazoline derivatives with single-digit nanomolar potency...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Alvaro Sanchez-Martinez, Michelle Beavan, Matthew E Gegg, Kai-Yin Chau, Alexander J Whitworth, Anthony H V Schapira
GBA gene mutations are the greatest cause of Parkinson disease (PD). GBA encodes the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase (GCase) but the mechanisms by which loss of GCase contributes to PD remain unclear. Inhibition of autophagy and the generation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress are both implicated. Mutant GCase can unfold in the ER and be degraded via the unfolded protein response, activating ER stress and reducing lysosomal GCase. Small molecule chaperones that cross the blood brain barrier help mutant GCase refold and traffic correctly to lysosomes are putative treatments for PD...
2016: Scientific Reports
Sara Bandrés-Ciga, Timothy Ryan Price, Francisco Javier Barrero, Francisco Escamilla-Sevilla, Javier Pelegrina, Sampath Arepalli, Dena Hernández, Blanca Gutiérrez, Jorge Cervilla, Margarita Rivera, Alberto Rivera, Jing-Hui Ding, Francisco Vives, Michael Nalls, Andrew Singleton, Raquel Durán
Here, we set out to study the genetic architecture of Parkinson's disease (PD) through a Genome-Wide Association Study in a Southern Spanish population. About 240 PD cases and 192 controls were genotyped on the NeuroX array. We estimated genetic variation associated with PD risk and age at onset (AAO). Risk profile analyses for PD and AAO were performed using a weighted genetic risk score. Total heritability was estimated by genome-wide complex trait analysis. Rare variants were screened with single-variant and burden tests...
September 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
Caroline Ran, Lovisa Brodin, Lars Forsgren, Marie Westerlund, Mehrafarin Ramezani, Sandra Gellhaar, Fengqing Xiang, Camilla Fardell, Hans Nissbrandt, Peter Söderkvist, Andreas Puschmann, Emil Ygland, Lars Olson, Thomas Willows, Anders Johansson, Olof Sydow, Karin Wirdefeldt, Dagmar Galter, Per Svenningsson, Andrea Carmine Belin
Several genetic studies have demonstrated an association between mutations in glucocerebrosidase (GBA), originally implicated in Gaucher's disease, and an increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). We have investigated the possible involvement of genetic GBA variations in PD in the Swedish population. Three GBA variants, E326K, N370S, and L444P were screened in the largest Swedish Parkinson cohort reported to date; 1625 cases and 2025 control individuals. We found a significant association with high effect size of the rare variant L444P with PD (odds ratio 8...
September 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
Kourtnee Hoitsema, Dominick Amato, Aneal Khan, Sandra Sirrs, Francis Y M Choy
Gaucher disease is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder resulting from deficient glucocerebrosidase activity. More than 350 mutations that cause Gaucher disease have been described to date. Novel mutations can potentially provide insight into the glucocerebrosidase structure-function relationship and biochemical basis of the disease. Here, we report the identification of two novel mutations in two unrelated patients with type I (non-neuronopathic) Gaucher disease: 1) a splice site mutation IVS9 + 1G > A; and (2) a complex allele (cis) G355R/R359X...
September 2016: Meta Gene
Gali Maor, Or Cabasso, Olga Krivoruk, Joe Rodriguez, Hermann Steller, Daniel Segal, Mia Horowitz
Gaucher disease (GD) results from mutations in the acid β-glucocerebrosidase (GCase) encoding gene, GBA, which leads to accumulation of glucosylceramides. GD patients and carriers of GD mutations have a significantly higher propensity to develop Parkinson disease (PD) in comparison to the non-GD population.In the present study we used the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster to show that development of PD in carriers of GD mutations results from the presence of mutant GBA alleles. Drosophila has two GBA orthologs (CG31148 and CG31414), each of which has a minos insertion, which creates C-terminal deletion in the encoded GCase...
May 9, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Friederike Zunke, Lisa Andresen, Sophia Wesseler, Johann Groth, Philipp Arnold, Michelle Rothaug, Joseph R Mazzulli, Dimitri Krainc, Judith Blanz, Paul Saftig, Michael Schwake
The lysosomal integral membrane protein type-2 (LIMP-2) plays a pivotal role in the delivery of β-glucocerebrosidase (GC) to lysosomes. Mutations in GC result in Gaucher's disease (GD) and are the major genetic risk factor for the development of Parkinson's disease (PD). Variants in the LIMP-2 gene cause action myoclonus-renal failure syndrome and also have been linked to PD. Given the importance of GC and LIMP-2 in disease pathogenesis, we studied their interaction sites in more detail. Our previous data demonstrated that the crystal structure of LIMP-2 displays a hydrophobic three-helix bundle composed of helices 4, 5, and 7, of which helix 5 and 7 are important for ligand binding...
April 5, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Hugo J R Fernandes, Elizabeth M Hartfield, Helen C Christian, Evangelia Emmanoulidou, Ying Zheng, Heather Booth, Helle Bogetofte, Charmaine Lang, Brent J Ryan, S Pablo Sardi, Jennifer Badger, Jane Vowles, Samuel Evetts, George K Tofaris, Kostas Vekrellis, Kevin Talbot, Michele T Hu, William James, Sally A Cowley, Richard Wade-Martins
Heterozygous mutations in the glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) represent the strongest common genetic risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD), the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this association are still poorly understood. Here, we have analyzed ten independent induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines from three controls and three unrelated PD patients heterozygous for the GBA-N370S mutation, and identified relevant disease mechanisms. After differentiation into dopaminergic neurons, we observed misprocessing of mutant glucocerebrosidase protein in the ER, associated with activation of ER stress and abnormal cellular lipid profiles...
March 8, 2016: Stem Cell Reports
F Zhao, L Bi, W Wang, X Wu, Y Li, F Gong, S Lu, F Feng, Z Qian, C Hu, Y Wu, Y Sun
This meta-analysis aims to investigate the association between mutations of glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene and susceptibility to Parkinson's disease (PD) in a European population. Several electronic databases were extensively searched. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the association. In total, fourteen published papers screening L444P, N370S and other GBA variants were identified. The GBA mutations were significantly associated with PD in the European population...
April 21, 2016: Neuroscience
M A Torralba, S Olivera, J C Bureo, J Dalmau, R Nuñez, P León, J Villarrubia
BACKGROUND: Gaucher disease (GD) is an autosomal recessive disorder produced by mutations in the glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA), causing storage of glucosylceramide in reticuloendothelial cells in multiple organs. Traditionally, the prediction of the phenotype based on the genotype has been reported to be limited. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We investigated the correlation between the enzymatic residual activity (ERA) and the phenotype at diagnosis of the disease in 45 GD Spanish patients (44 with type I and 1 with type III GD)...
July 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Bethan S Kilpatrick, Joana Magalhaes, Michelle S Beavan, Alisdair McNeill, Matthew E Gegg, Michael W J Cleeter, Duncan Bloor-Young, Grant C Churchill, Michael R Duchen, Anthony H Schapira, Sandip Patel
Mutations in β-glucocerebrosidase (encoded by GBA1) cause Gaucher disease (GD), a lysosomal storage disorder, and increase the risk of developing Parkinson disease (PD). The pathogenetic relationship between the two disorders is unclear. Here, we characterised Ca(2+) release in fibroblasts from type I GD and PD patients together with age-matched, asymptomatic carriers, all with the common N370S mutation in β-glucocerebrosidase. We show that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) release was potentiated in GD and PD patient fibroblasts but not in cells from asymptomatic carriers...
January 2016: Cell Calcium
C D Navo, F Corzana, E M Sánchez-Fernández, J H Busto, A Avenoza, M M Zurbano, E Nanba, K Higaki, C Ortiz Mellet, J M García Fernández, J M Peregrina
A series of conformationally locked C-glycosides based on the 3-aminopyrano[3,2-b]pyrrol-2(1H)-one (APP) scaffold has been synthesized. The key step involved a totally stereocontrolled C-Michael addition of a serine-equivalent C-nucleophile to tri-O-benzyl-2-nitro-D-galactal, previously published by the authors. Stereoselective transformations of the Michael adduct allowed us the synthesis of compounds with mono- or diantennated aglycone moieties and different topologies. In vitro screening showed highly selective inhibition of bovine liver β-glucosidase/β-galactosidase and specific inhibition of human β-glucocerebrosidase among lysosomal glycosidases for compounds bearing palmitoyl chains in the aglycone, with a marked dependence of the inhibition potency upon their number and location...
January 28, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Rita Török, Dénes Zádori, Nóra Török, Éva Csility, László Vécsei, Péter Klivényi
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder, with cases of either familial or sporadic origin. Several polymorphisms in a number of genes have been proved to have an important role in the development of PD. Particular attention has recently been paid to genes of the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) and the vacuolar protein sorting-associated protein 35 (VPS35). In this study, the three most common mutations (L444P, N370S and R120W) of the GBA gene and the D620N mutation of the VPS35 gene were examined in 124 Hungarian patients diagnosed with sporadic PD (SPD) and 122 control subjects...
January 1, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Sara Bandrés-Ciga, Niccolò Emmanuele Mencacci, Raquel Durán, Francisco Javier Barrero, Francisco Escamilla-Sevilla, Sarah Morgan, Jason Hehir, Francisco Vives, John Hardy, Alan M Pittman
To date, a large spectrum of genetic variants has been related to familial and sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD) in diverse populations worldwide. However, very little is known about the genetic landscape of PD in Southern Spain, despite its particular genetic landscape coming from multiple historical migrations. We included 134 PD patients in this study, of which 97 individuals were diagnosed with late-onset sporadic PD (LOPD), 28 with early-onset sporadic PD (EOPD), and 9 with familial PD (FPD). Genetic analysis was performed through a next-generation sequencing panel to screen 8 PD-related genes (LRRK2, SNCA, PARKIN, PINK1, DJ-1, VPS35, GBA, and GCH1) in EOPD and FPD groups and direct Sanger sequencing of GBA exons 8-11 and LRRK2 exons 31 and 41 in the LOPD group...
January 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
Elma Aflaki, Nima Moaven, Daniel K Borger, Grisel Lopez, Wendy Westbroek, Jae Jin Chae, Juan Marugan, Samarjit Patnaik, Emerson Maniwang, Ashley N Gonzalez, Ellen Sidransky
Gaucher disease, the inherited deficiency of lysosomal glucocerebrosidase, is characterized by the presence of glucosylcer-amide macrophages, the accumulation of glucosylceramide in lysosomes and the secretion of inflammatory cytokines. However, the connection between this lysosomal storage and inflammation is not clear. Studying macrophages derived from peripheral monocytes from patients with type 1 Gaucher disease with genotype N370S/N370S, we confirmed an increased secretion of interleukins IL-1β and IL-6...
February 2016: Aging Cell
Camilla Parmeggiani, Serena Catarzi, Camilla Matassini, Giampiero D'Adamio, Amelia Morrone, Andrea Goti, Paolo Paoli, Francesca Cardona
A collection of carbohydrate-derived iminosugars belonging to three structurally diversified sub-classes (polyhydroxylated pyrrolidines, piperidines, and pyrrolizidines) was evaluated for inhibition of human acid β-glucosidase (glucocerebrosidase, GCase), the deficient enzyme in Gaucher disease. The synthesis of several new pyrrolidine analogues substituted at the nitrogen or α-carbon atom with alkyl chains of different lengths suggested an interpretation of the inhibition data and led to the discovery of two new GCase inhibitors at sub-micromolar concentration...
September 21, 2015: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Diana Alasmar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gaucher disease (GD) is caused by the deficiency of glucosidase beta acid (GBA). Three clinical forms of GD are available. Some mutations in the GBA gene have a high frequency in spe.cific populations. The aim of this study was to analyze the characteristics of phenotypes and genotypes of GD in Syrian pediatric patients and assess whether a genotype-phenotype relationship could be helpful in treatment decision-making. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: A cross-sectional clinical genetic study of 19 Syrian children admitted to Children's Hospital, Damascus University...
March 2015: Annals of Saudi Medicine
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