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Chronic prostatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786870/the-association-between-local-atherosclerosis-of-the-prostatic-artery-and-benign-prostatic-enlargement-in-humans-putative-mechanism-of-chronic-ischemia-for-prostatic-enlargement
#1
Nobuhiro Haga, Hidenori Akaihata, Junya Hata, Ken Aikawa, Tomohiko Yanagida, Kanako Matsuoka, Tomoyuki Koguchi, Seiji Hoshi, Soichiro Ogawa, Masao Kataoka, Yuichi Sato, Kei Ishibashi, Osamu Suzuki, Yuko Hashimoto, Yoshiyuki Kojima
BACKGROUND: To investigate the possible pathogenesis of the benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) induced by local atherosclerosis, the association between local atherosclerosis and prostatic enlargement was investigated, and molecular biological analyses were performed using human prostatectomy specimens. METHODS: A total of 69 consecutive patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) participated in this prospective study. To evaluate actual local atherosclerosis, prostatic arteries were removed during RARP...
May 21, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786867/growth-hormone-releasing-hormone-antagonists-reduce-prostatic-enlargement-and-inflammation-in-carrageenan-induced-chronic-prostatitis
#2
Petra Popovics, Renzhi Cai, Wei Sha, Ferenc G Rick, Andrew V Schally
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a key role in the etiology of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) through multiple pathways involving the stimulation of proliferation by cytokines and growth factors as well as the induction of the focal occurrence of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We have previously reported that GHRH acts as a prostatic growth factor in experimental BPH and in autoimmune prostatitis models and its blockade with GHRH antagonists offer therapeutic approaches for these conditions...
May 21, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786110/multi%C3%A2-layered-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-inflammation-organ-fibrosis-and-cancer-associated-with-canonical-wnt-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-catenin-signaling-activation-review
#3
Masaru Katoh
β‑catenin/CTNNB1 is an intracellular scaffold protein that interacts with adhesion molecules (E‑cadherin/CDH1, N‑cadherin/CDH2, VE‑cadherin/CDH5 and α‑catenins), transmembrane‑type mucins (MUC1/CD227 and MUC16/CA125), signaling regulators (APC, AXIN1, AXIN2 and NHERF1/EBP50) and epigenetic or transcriptional regulators (BCL9, BCL9L, CREBBP/CBP, EP300/p300, FOXM1, MED12, SMARCA4/BRG1 and TCF/LEF). Gain‑of‑function CTTNB1 mutations are detected in bladder cancer, colorectal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer and uterine cancer, whereas loss‑of‑function CTNNB1 mutations are also detected in human cancer...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780751/metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-and-the-challenge-of-a-patient-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-hemodialysis
#4
Joana Simões, Isabel Augusto, Sara Meireles, Lurdes Vendeira, Carlos Silva
At a time when the population shows increasing longevity, entities such as cancer and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are more frequently connected. In the United States, approximately 6% of the patients on hemodialysis have cancer. The challenge to manage oncologic patients with CKD in a hemodialytic program represents a great shortage of available information on the choice of the best drug, timing, dosage adjustments, dialysis method, and treatment safety. We present the case of a patient with prostate cancer and terminal CKD in hemodialysis, and the treatment sequence after the development of resistance to hormonal blockade therapy, which included docetaxel, enzalutamide, and radium-223...
April 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780357/altered-circadian-rhythms-and-breast-cancer-from-the-human-to-the-molecular-level
#5
REVIEW
Hui-Hsien Lin, Michelle E Farkas
Circadian clocks are fundamental, time-tracking systems that allow organisms to adapt to the appropriate time of day and drive many physiological and cellular processes. Altered circadian rhythms can result from night-shift work, chronic jet lag, exposure to bright lights at night, or other conditioning, and have been shown to lead to increased likelihood of cancer, metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, and immune dysregulation. In cases of cancer, worse patient prognoses and drug resistance during treatment have also been observed...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774590/heritage-of-stanislaw-ciechanowski-1869-1945-discoverer-of-pathogenesis-of-prostatic-hyperplasia-passionis-insignia-signis-fulgent-mirificis
#6
Andrzej Wincewicz, Piotr Woltanowski, Stanisław Sulkowski
BACKGROUND: Prostatic enlargement was first correctly recognized as a prostatic hyperplasia by professor of anatomic pathology, Stanisław Ciechanowski (1869-1945) in Cracow on contrary to Parisian urologist Jean Casimir Félix Guyon's concepts of progressing atherosclerosis as a morphological cause of prostatic overgrowth and mechanical insufficiency of lower urinary tract. METHODS: Primary resources were analyzed about Stanisław Ciechanowski mainly from depositories of the Section of Special Collection, Stanisław Konopka Main Medical Library Warsaw and Polish bibliograhy of Estreichers at Jagiellonian University...
May 18, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774423/diagnosis-and-management-of-gynecomastia-for-urologists
#7
REVIEW
Lee Baumgarten, Ali A Dabaja
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our aim is to review the steps of diagnosis and management of gynecomastia with a special focus on treatment of gynecomastia associated with androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies investigating tamoxifen and radiation therapy for both therapy and prophylaxis of bicalutamide-induced gynecomastia are reviewed. Gynecomastia is a common clinical problem, affecting between one and two thirds of middle-aged men...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771950/biophotonic-detection-of-high-order-chromatin-alterations-in-field-carcinogenesis-predicts-risk-of-future-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-pilot-study
#8
Richard Kalman, Andrew Stawarz, David Nunes, Di Zhang, Mart A Dela Cruz, Arpan Mohanty, Hariharan Subramanian, Vadim Backman, Hemant K Roy
PURPOSE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) results from chronic inflammation/cirrhosis. Unfortunately, despite use of radiological/serological screening techniques, HCC ranks as a leading cause of cancer deaths. Our group has used alterations in high order chromatin as a marker for field carcinogenesis and hence risk for a variety of cancers (including colon, lung, prostate, ovarian, esophageal). In this study we wanted to address whether these chromatin alterations occur in HCC and if it could be used for risk stratification...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764435/use-of-hospital-palliative-care-according-to-the-place-of-death-and-disease-one-year-before-death-in-2013-a-french-national-observational-study
#9
Claire Poulalhon, Laureen Rotelli-Bihet, Sébastien Moine, Anne Fagot-Campagna, Régis Aubry, Philippe Tuppin
BACKGROUND: Only limited data are available concerning the diseases managed before death and hospital palliative care (HPC) use according to place of death in France. We therefore conducted an observational study based on administrative health data in a large population to identify the diseases treated one year before death in 2013, the place of stay with or without hospital palliative care, and the place of death. METHODS: French health insurance general scheme beneficiaries were identified in the National Health data Information System (Snds) with a selection of information...
May 16, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763267/top-20-research-studies-of-2017-for-primary-care-physicians
#10
Mark H Ebell, Roland Grad
Based on systematic surveillance of more than 110 medical journals, 247 studies met criteria as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) in 2017. Members of the Canadian Medical Association identified 20 of these POEMs as most relevant to practice. This article reviews the clinical questions and bottom-line answers from these studies. Blood pressure should be measured after a period of rest, using a bare arm, and orthostatic blood pressure is more predictive when measured after one minute of standing rather than three minutes...
May 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762647/maternal-low-protein-diet-impairs-prostate-growth-in-young-rat-offspring-and-induces-prostate-carcinogenesis-with-aging
#11
Sergio A A Santos, Ana C Camargo, Flávia B Constantino, Ketlin T Colombelli, Fernanda Mani, Jaqueline C Rinaldi, Suelen Franco, Luiz M F Portela, Bruno O S Duran, Wellerson R Scarano, Barry T Hinton, Sergio L Felisbino, Luis A Justulin
Carcinogenesis is frequently linked to genetic background, however, exposure to environmental risk factors has gained attention as the etiologic agent for several types of cancer, including prostate. The intrauterine microenvironment has been described as a preponderant factor for offspring health; and maternal exposure to insult has been linked to chronic disease in older offspring. Using a model of maternal exposure to low protein diet (LPD; 6% protein), we demonstrated that impairment of offspring rat prostatic growth on postnatal day (PND) 21 was associated with prostate carcinogenesis in older offspring (PND 540)...
May 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757662/a-review-of-the-surgical-management-of-perineal-hernias-in-dogs
#12
Sukhjit Singh Gill, Robert D Barstad
Perineal hernia refers to the failure of the muscular pelvic diaphragm to support the rectal wall, resulting in herniation of pelvic and, occasionally, abdominal viscera into the subcutaneous perineal region. The proposed causes of pelvic diaphragm weakness include tenesmus associated with chronic prostatic disease or constipation, myopathy, rectal abnormalities, and gonadal hormonal imbalances. The most common presentation of perineal hernia in dogs is a unilateral or bilateral nonpainful swelling of the perineum...
May 14, 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757454/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-treating-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Juan Va Franco, Tarek Turk, Jae Hung Jung, Yu-Tian Xiao, Stanislav Iakhno, Virginia Garrote, Valeria Vietto
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a common disorder in which the two main clinical features are pelvic pain and lower urinary tract symptoms. There are currently many approaches for its management, using both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. The National Institute of Health - Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) score is a validated measure commonly used to measure CP/CPPS symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological therapies for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS)...
May 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754073/fertility-preservation-and-cancer-how-many-persons-are-concerned
#14
Christine Le Bihan-Benjamin, Natalie Hoog-Labouret, Delphine Lefeuvre, Frédérique Carré-Pigeon, Philippe Jean Bousquet
OBJECTIVE: A significant proportion of cancer survivors experience chronic health sequelae, one of them being fertility impairment. However, even if many reports, guidelines and positions papers focus on fertility preservation and its needs, access to fertility preservation is not currently offered to all the patients concerned, and the targeted population is not well counted. STUDY DESIGN: A cross sectional study was conducted using the French cancer cohort, a cohort covering the whole French population and including around 7 million of cancer patients...
May 8, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751756/prevalence-of-asthma-among-the-adult-general-population-of-five-middle-eastern-countries-results-of-the-snapshot-program
#15
Hesham Tarraf, Omur Aydin, Dilsad Mungan, Mohammad Albader, Bassam Mahboub, Adam Doble, Aaicha Lahlou, Luqman Tariq, Fayaz Aziz, Abdelkader El Hasnaoui
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common chronic respiratory disease leading to morbidity, mortality and impaired quality of life worldwide. Information on asthma prevalence in the Middle East is fragmented and relatively out-dated. The SNAPSHOT program was conducted to obtain updated information. METHODS: SNAPSHOT is a cross-sectional epidemiological program carried out in five Middle Eastern countries (Egypt, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, the latter three grouped into a Gulf cluster) to collect data on asthma, allergic rhinitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia and bipolar disorder...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748961/growth-hormone-releasing-hormone-receptor-antagonists-modify-molecular-machinery-in-the-progression-of-prostate-cancer
#16
Laura Muñoz-Moreno, Andrew V Schally, Juan C Prieto, M José Carmena, Ana M Bajo
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic strategies should be designed to transform aggressive prostate cancer phenotypes to a chronic situation. To evaluate the effects of the new growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor (GHRH-R) antagonists: MIA-602, MIA-606, and MIA-690 on processes associated with cancer progression as cell proliferation, adhesion, migration, and angiogenesis. METHODS: We used three human prostate cell lines (RWPE-1, LNCaP, and PC3). We analyzed several molecules such as E-cadherin, β-catenin, Bcl2, Bax, p53, MMP2, MMP9, PCNA, and VEGF and signaling mechanisms that are involved on effects exerted by GHRH-R antagonists...
May 10, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744476/prostate-calcifications-a-case-series-supporting-the-microbial-biofilm-theory
#17
Tommaso Cai, Francesco Tessarolo, Iole Caola, Federico Piccoli, Giandomenico Nollo, Patrizio Caciagli, Sandra Mazzoli, Alessandro Palmieri, Paolo Verze, Gianni Malossini, Vincenzo Mirone, Truls E Bjerklund Johansen
Purpose: Prostate calcifications are a common finding during transrectal prostate ultrasound in both healthy subjects and patients, but their etiopathogenesis and clinical significance are not fully understood. We aimed to establish a new methodology for evaluating the role of microbial biofilms in the genesis of prostate calcifications. Materials and Methods: Ten consecutive patients who had undergone radical prostatectomy were enrolled in this study. All of the patients presented with prostate calcifications during transrectal ultrasound evaluation before surgery and underwent Meares-Stamey tests and clinical evaluation with the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index and the International Prostate Symptom Score...
May 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743218/living-in-cold-spot-communities-is-associated-with-poor-health-and-health-quality
#18
Winston Liaw, Alex H Krist, Sebastian T Tong, Roy Sabo, Camille Hochheimer, Jennifer Rankin, David Grolling, Jene Grandmont, Andrew W Bazemore
PURPOSE: Little is known about incorporating community data into clinical care. This study sought to understand the clinical associations of cold spots (census tracts with worse income, education, and composite deprivation). METHODS: Across 12 practices, we assessed the relationship between cold spots and clinical outcomes (obesity, uncontrolled diabetes, pneumonia vaccination, cancer screening-colon, cervical, and prostate-and aspirin chemoprophylaxis) for 152,962 patients...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740844/association-between-male-accesory-gland-infections-and-prostate-cancer-in-turkish-men-a-case-control-study
#19
S Aykan, M Z Temiz, M Yilmaz, I Ulus, E Yuruk, A Y Muslumanoglu
It is well known that chronic inflammation contributes to several forms of human cancer. Although several studies have investigated the association between prostatitis and prostate cancer, there is a lack of specifically designed study about male accessory gland infections (MAGI) and prostate cancer co-occurrence. We aimed to investigate this association with a case-control study in Turkish men. A total of 155 patients were enrolled to the study. After the pathological examination of the transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy specimens, patients were divided the two groups as control and prostate cancer and the presence of MAGI was determined...
May 8, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740839/ageing-and-inflammation-in-the-male-reproductive-tract
#20
REVIEW
M B Frungieri, R S Calandra, A Bartke, M E Matzkin
Ageing is usually characterised by a mild chronic proinflammatory state. Despite the tight association between both processes, the phenomenon has recently been termed inflammageing. Inflammation in the male reproductive tract is frequently linked with bacterial or virus infections but also with a broad range of noninfectious processes. Prostatitis, epididymitis and orchitis, among others, can lead to infertility. However, in spite of the inflammation theory of disease, chronic inflammation in male urogenital system does not always cause symptoms...
May 8, 2018: Andrologia
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