keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clinical pathology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913523/dental-imaging-a-basic-guide-for-the-radiologist
#1
Max Masthoff, Mirjam Gerwing, Malte Masthoff, Maximilian Timme, Johannes Kleinheinz, Markus Berninger, Walter Heindel, Moritz Wildgruber, Christoph Schülke
BACKGROUND:  As dental imaging accounts for approximately 40 % of all X-ray examinations in Germany, profound knowledge of this topic is essential not only for the dentist but also for the clinical radiologist. This review focuses on basic imaging findings regarding the teeth. Therefore, tooth structure, currently available imaging techniques and common findings in conserving dentistry including endodontology, periodontology, implantology and dental trauma are presented. METHODS:  Literature research on the current state of dental radiology was performed using Pubmed...
June 18, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913520/subependymomas-characteristics-of-a-leave-me-alone-lesion
#2
Sara Kammerer, Monika Mueller-Eschner, Arne Lauer, Anna-Luisa Luger, Johanna Quick-Weller, Kea Franz, Patrick Harter, Joachim Berkefeld, Marlies Wagner
PURPOSE:  Intracranial subependymomas are rare, mostly asymptomatic tumours, which are often found incidentally and therefore did not receive much attention in previous literature. By being classified as benign grade I in the WHO classification of tumours of the central nervous system, they are given a special status compared to the other ependymal tumours. Tumor recurrences are a rarity, spinal "drop metastases" do not occur. While etiological, pathological and therapeutic characteristics have been subject of several publications over the last few decades and have meanwhile been well studied, the imaging characteristics are much less well received...
June 18, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913334/abnormal-placentation-current-evidence-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Ioannis G Papanikolaou, Ekaterini Domali, George Daskalakis, Marianna Theodora, Eirini Telaki, Petros Drakakis, Dimitrios Loutradis
Abnormal placentation often requires the involvement of a multidisciplinary team of medical caregivers. Practicing Obstetrics is a challenging and skillful duty. This is more obvious in cases of abnormal placentation, which represents one of the most dangerous and complex clinical conditions in materno-fetal medicine. Pathological placentation involves position and invasion abnormalities and represents a serious and potentially life-threatening condition for both the pregnant woman and the fetus. The dramatic increase in cesarean section rates is an important factor which could explain the rapid raise in abnormal placentation cases, which were considered rare a few years ago...
June 5, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913325/mucosal-disease-like-lesions-caused-by-hobi-like-pestivirus-in-brazilian-calves-in-2010-2011-clinical-pathological-immunohistochemical-and-virological-characterization
#4
Raquel A S Cruz, Wagner B Rodrigues, Simone Silveira, Victor H S Oliveira, Camila Gonçalves Campos, Ronaldo V Leite Filho, Fabiana M Boabaid, David Driemeier, Cláudio W Canal, Amauri A Alfieri, Caroline A Pescador, Edson M Colodel
A HoBi-like pestivirus was first described in 2004 in a Brazilian fetal bovine serum that was exported to Germany. Nevertheless, it is believed that the virus had been present since the 1990's, when it was detected in buffalos of Brazilian origin. Reproductive and respiratory diseases have been reported since 2001 in cattle, and more recently, diseases accompanied by a clinical presentation of mucosal disease-like (MD-like lesions have been reported as well. In the present study, the authors reported the oldest case of MD--like in cattle, associated with a HoBi-like pestivirus infection...
June 11, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913093/recent-advances-in-the-etiology-and-treatment-of-burning-mouth-syndrome
#5
A Ritchie, J M Kramer
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a debilitating condition that has a striking female predilection. Although the oral mucosa is normal in appearance, patients with BMS experience oral burning that most commonly localizes to the lips and tongue. BMS is a diagnosis of exclusion, and all underlying pathoses associated with allodynia must be ruled out prior to rendering the diagnosis. The etiopathogenesis of BMS remains poorly understood, and thus patient management is challenging. Data indicate that oral and systemic factors both contribute to the development and persistence of the condition...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913077/higher-exosomal-tau-amyloid-beta-42-and-il-10-are-associated-with-mild-tbis-and-chronic-symptoms-in-military-personnel
#6
Jessica Gill, Maja Mustapic, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Rael Lange, Seema Gulyani, Tom Diehl, Vida Motamedi, Nicole Osier, Robert A Stern, Dimitrios Kapogiannis
OBJECTIVE: Identify biomarkers in peripheral blood that relate to chronic post-concussive and behavioural symptoms following traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) to ultimately improve clinical management. RESEARCH DESIGN: We compared military personnel with mild TBIs (mTBIs) (n = 42) to those without TBIs (n = 22) in concentrations of tau, amyloid-beta (Aβ42) and cytokines (tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα, interleukin (IL)-6 and -10) in neuronal-derived exosomes from the peripheral blood...
June 18, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912766/clinical-utility-of-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-fish-for-deletion-of-chromosome-3p-in-the-work-up-of-renal-masses
#7
Carmen M Perrino, Jason A Orien, Jason G Tretter, Weiqiang Zhao, Debra L Zynger
Chromosome 3p deletion is a well-established genetic aberration in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We aimed to evaluate the clinical utility of 3p fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue in surgical pathology specimens. 3p:3q <0.8 was established as the cut-off for 3p loss. The 2015 Medicare allowable billing rates were used to estimate the cost. Over 2.5 years (2013 to 2015), 3p FISH was performed on 18 cases per year. Among tested cases, 70% (30/43) were nephrectomies and 30% (14/43) metastases...
June 15, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912762/oral-and-otorhinolaryngological-findings-in-adults-who-were-diagnosed-with-pediatric-onset-crohn-s-disease-a-controlled-study
#8
Anu Haaramo, Heikki Alapulli, Liisa Aine, Jetta Tuokkola, Ulla Saarnisto, Risto P Roine, Anne Pitkäranta, Kaija-Leena Kolho
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of pediatric patients with Crohn's disease (CD) report oral manifestations, but less is known about their oral health when they become adults. GOALS: Our aim was to provide detailed descriptions of the presence of oral and otorhinolaryngological manifestations in patients with pediatric onset CD once they reached adulthood, to look for predisposing factors and to compare the findings to matched controls. STUDY: Adult patients diagnosed with CD in childhood at the Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland, after 2000 were invited for a follow-up appointment in 2016 and 24 were examined by a dentist and otorhinolaryngologist...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912734/facet-joint-osteoarthritis-affects-spinal-segmental-motion-in-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#9
Shigeyuki Kitanaka, Ryota Takatori, Yuji Arai, Masateru Nagae, Hitoshi Tonomura, Yasuo Mikami, Nozomu Inoue, Taku Ogura, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Toshikazu Kubo
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective clinical case series (case-control study). OBJECTIVE: To clarify the influence of facet joint osteoarthritis (FJOA) on the pathology of degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) using in vivo 3-dimensional image analysis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There are no radical treatments to prevent progression of DS in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis associated with DS. Therefore, an effective treatment method based on the pathology of DS should be developed...
June 15, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912283/immune-evasive-gene-switch-enables-regulated-delivery-of-chondroitinase-after-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Emily R Burnside, Fred De Winter, Athanasios Didangelos, Nicholas D James, Elena-Cristina Andreica, Hugo Layard-Horsfall, Elizabeth M Muir, Joost Verhaagen, Elizabeth J Bradbury
Chondroitinase ABC is a promising preclinical therapy that promotes functional neuroplasticity after CNS injury by degrading extracellular matrix inhibitors. Efficient delivery of chondroitinase ABC to the injured mammalian spinal cord can be achieved by viral vector transgene delivery. This approach dramatically modulates injury pathology and restores sensorimotor functions. However, clinical development of this therapy is limited by a lack of ability to exert control over chondroitinase gene expression. Prior experimental gene regulation platforms are likely to be incompatible with the non-resolving adaptive immune response known to occur following spinal cord injury...
June 14, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912253/-prevalence-and-susceptibility-pattern-of-bacteria-isolated-from-infected-chronic-wounds-in-adult-patients
#11
Víctor Silva, Alicia Marcoleta, Viviana Silva, Dángelo Flores, Teresa Aparicio, Isabel Aburto, Cecilia Latrach, Naldy Febré
BACKGROUND: Chronic wounds are considered a public health problem that may be complicated by bacterial infections, mainly caused by resistant strains. AIM: To study the bacteria prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility in samples from adult patients with chronic wounds. METHODS: Patients treated at National Institute of Wounds Foundation between May and July 2014, with chronic ulcers in lower extremities with clinical inflammatory signs were recluted...
April 2018: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912063/association-of-antiretroviral-therapy-with-brain-aging-changes-among-hiv-infected-adults
#12
Virawudh Soontornniyomkij, Anya Umlauf, Benchawanna Soontornniyomkij, Ben Gouaux, Ronald J Ellis, Andrew J Levine, David J Moore, Scott L Letendre
OBJECTIVE: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is currently recommended for all persons living with HIV (PLWH), regardless of their CD4+ T-cell count, and should be continued throughout life. Nonetheless, vigilance of the safety of ART, including its neurotoxicity, must continue. We hypothesized that use of certain ART drugs might be associated with aging-related cerebral degenerative changes among PLWH. DESIGN: Clinicopathological study of PLWH who were using ART drugs at the last clinical assessment...
June 14, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912044/cardiac-immune-related-adverse-events-in-immune-checkpoint-inhibition-therapy
#13
Aaron D Brumbaugh, Roshni Narurkar, Kaushal Parikh, Michael Fanucchi, William H Frishman
Immune checkpoint inhibitors present clinicians with both an exciting step forward in cancer treatment and the unknown possibilities of an unshackled immune system. The latter phenomena, known as immune-related adverse events (irAEs), are of particular interest because they may affect any organ system with autoimmune-like pathologies, such as hepatitis and colitis. Within the cardiovascular system, irAEs associated with immune checkpoint blockade exist as a broad clinical spectrum, with autoimmune myocarditis being the best-characterized entity at this time...
June 14, 2018: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911942/outcome-and-clinical-pathological-and-immunohistochemical-factors-associated-with-prognosis-for-dogs-with-early-stage-anal-sac-adenocarcinoma-treated-with-surgery-alone-34-cases-2002-2013
#14
Katherine A Skorupski, Christina N Alarcón, Louis-Philippe de Lorimier, Elise E B LaDouceur, Carlos O Rodriguez, Robert B Rebhun
OBJECTIVE To determine survival time and metastatic rate for dogs with early-stage anal sac adenocarcinoma (ASACA) treated with surgery alone and assess whether specific clinical, pathological, or immunohistochemical factors were predictive of outcome for those dogs. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 34 dogs with early-stage, nonmetastatic ASACA that were treated with surgery only. PROCEDURES Medical record databases of 2 referral hospitals were searched to identify dogs examined between 2002 and 2013 that had a diagnosis of nonmetastatic ASACA that was < 3...
July 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911591/although-unseen-chronic-pain-is-real-a-phenomenological-study
#15
Tapio Ojala, Arja Häkkinen, Jaro Karppinen, Kirsi Sipilä, Timo Suutama, Arja Piirainen
Background Research has emphasised the essential role of psychosocial risk factors in chronic pain. In practice, pain is usually verified by identifying its physical cause. In patients without any distinct pathology, pain is easily defined as imaginary pain. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the invisibility of chronic pain, from the patients' perspective. Methods Thirty-four participants with chronic pain were interviewed. The mean age of the participants was 48 years, and 19 of them were women...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911471/successful-implementation-of-an-automated-electronic-support-system-for-patient-safety-monitoring-the-alemtuzumab-in-multiple-sclerosis-safety-systems-ams3-study
#16
Stephen W Reddel, Michael H Barnett, Sean Riminton, Tej Dugal, Katherine Buzzard, Chenu Tim Wang, Fiona Fitzgerald, Heidi N Beadnall, Diane Erickson, David Gahan, Daniel Wang, Toby Ackland, Richard Thompson
BACKGROUND: Alemtuzumab is a highly effective treatment for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) but requires ongoing pathology monitoring for autoimmune adverse effects. The Alemtuzumab in MS Safety Systems (AMS3) study evaluated the implementation of an automated pathology-monitoring system. OBJECTIVES: To develop an efficient automated clinical decision support system (CDSS) to electronically prompt and track pathology collection and to provide prescribers and patients with customised alerts of abnormal results for identified risks...
June 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911457/transient-elevation-of-anti-transglutaminase-and-anti-endomysium-antibodies-in-giardia-infection
#17
Kurt Hanevik, Elisabeth Wik, Nina Langeland, Trygve Hausken
Markers of celiac disease (CeD) may be elevated in various conditions of intestinal inflammation or autoimmune disease. Recent reports argue that intestinal infection may induce development of CeD in susceptible individuals. Serum anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTG) and anti-endomysium antibodies (EMA) have been proposed in previous reports to be helpful in differentiating between giardiasis and CeD. In this report, we describe eight cases with elevated CeD serological markers and pathological duodenal histology during, or shortly after, Giardia infection...
June 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911401/combining-tumor-size-and-diffusion-weighted-imaging-to-diagnose-normal-sized-metastatic-pelvic-lymph-nodes-in-cervical-cancers
#18
Jiacheng Song, Qiming Hu, Junwen Huang, Zhanlong Ma, Ting Chen
Background Detecting normal-sized metastatic pelvic lymph nodes (LNs) in cervical cancers, although difficult, is of vital importance. Purpose To investigate the value of diffusion-weighted-imaging (DWI), tumor size, and LN shape in predicting metastases in normal-sized pelvic LNs in cervical cancers. Material and Methods Pathology confirmed cervical cancer patients with complete magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were documented from 2011 to 2016. A total of 121 cervical cancer patients showed small pelvic LNs (<5 mm) and 92 showed normal-sized (5-10 mm) pelvic LNs (39 patients with 55 nodes that were histologically metastatic, 53 patients with 71 nodes that were histologically benign)...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911345/evaluation-of-new-generation-loop-recorders-placed-during-surgical-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Zachary DeBoard, John R Doty
BACKGROUND: Current postsurgical atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation guidelines encourage serial rhythm evaluation; however, traditional Holter monitoring may be cumbersome for patients and yield limited data. An implantable loop recorder (LR) may provide increased data on the incidence of postablation arrhythmias. We sought to evaluate the use of a new generation LR implanted during surgical AF ablation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on adult patients undergoing surgical AF ablation...
June 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911296/structural-modelling-of-the-cardiovascular-system
#20
REVIEW
Benjamin Owen, Nicholas Bojdo, Andrey Jivkov, Bernard Keavney, Alistair Revell
Computational modelling of the cardiovascular system offers much promise, but represents a truly interdisciplinary challenge, requiring knowledge of physiology, mechanics of materials, fluid dynamics and biochemistry. This paper aims to provide a summary of the recent advances in cardiovascular structural modelling, including the numerical methods, main constitutive models and modelling procedures developed to represent cardiovascular structures and pathologies across a broad range of length and timescales; serving as an accessible point of reference to newcomers to the field...
June 18, 2018: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
keyword
keyword
8350
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"