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Negative pressure wound therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228207/complications-and-mortality-associated-with-temporary-abdominal-closure-techniques-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Adam Cristaudo, Scott Jennings, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan DeCosta
Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) techniques are routinely used in the open abdomen. Ideally, they should prevent evisceration, aid in removal of unwanted fluid from the peritoneal cavity, facilitate in achieving safe definitive fascial closure, as well as prevent the development of intra-abdominal complications. TAC techniques used in the open abdomen were compared with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to identify which was superior. A systematic review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines involving Medline, Excerpta Medica, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="http://Clinicaltrials...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225711/reactive-oxygen-therapy-a-novel-therapy-in-soft-tissue-infection
#2
Matthew Dryden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The global burden of disease in skin and soft tissue lesions is enormous. Many chronic, poorly healing lesions get treated with antibiotics despite the lack of evidence for long-term antibiotics. There is a global antibiotic resistance crisis driven largely by inappropriate use of large volumes of antibiotics. One solution is to reduce the selection pressure on bacteria by reducing the volume of antibiotic use in medicine, agriculture and the environment. There are few novel antimicrobials...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225152/topical-phenytoin-for-treating-pressure-ulcers
#3
REVIEW
Xiang Yong Hao, Hong Ling Li, He Su, Hui Cai, Tian Kang Guo, Ruifeng Liu, Lei Jiang, Yan Fei Shen
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are common in clinical practice and pose a significant health problem worldwide. Apart from causing suffering to patients, they also result in longer hospital stays and increase the cost of health care. A variety of methods are used for treating pressure ulcers, including pressure relief, patient repositioning, biophysical strategies, nutritional supplementation, debridement, topical negative pressure, and local treatments including dressings, ointments and creams such as bacitracin, silver sulphadiazine, neomycin, and phenytoin...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224048/wound-penetration-of-cefazolin-ciprofloxacin-piperacillin-tazobactam-and-vancomycin-during-negative-pressure-wound-therapy
#4
Matthew P Rowan, Krista L Niece, Julie A Rizzo, Kevin S Akers
Objective: Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) uses subatmospheric pressure as a noninvasive adjunct to treat wounds and has demonstrated clinical efficacy by accelerating healing of a variety of acute and chronic wounds. NPWT may also play a role in preventing or treating wound infections, possibly by increasing wound penetration of antibiotics. However, clinical data in patients undergoing antibiotic and NPWT treatment are limited. Approach: To evaluate the wound penetration of antibiotics in NPWT patients, we conducted a prospective, observational study of burn and trauma patients treated with NPWT and systemic antibiotics...
February 1, 2017: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222052/preventing-seal-leak-during-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-near-external-fixators-a-technical-tip
#5
Brian J Mannino, Michael W Pullen, Robert Gaines
Negative pressure wound therapy is an effective tool for the treatment of open wounds. Occasionally these wounds are associated with injuries or procedures that require treatment with an external fixator. This article shows how a simple, inexpensive, and commercially available product can be used to prevent loss of suction around external fixator pins within the negative pressure wound treatment area.
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211211/circulating-fibrocyte-mobilization-in-negative-pressure-wound-therapy
#6
Dezhi Chen, Yong Zhao, Zonghuan Li, Kangquan Shou, Xun Zheng, Pengcheng Li, Baiwen Qi, Aixi Yu
Non-healing diabetic wounds are difficult to treat. They also create heavy financial burdens for both patients and society. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been adopted to treat intractable wounds and has proved to be effective. However, the mechanisms that underlie the effects of this treatment are not entirely understood. Circulating fibrocytes are unique haematopoietic-derived stem cells that have been reported to play a pivotal role in wound healing. Here, we have investigated the effect of NPWT on fibrocyte mobilization and the role of fibrocyte mobilization in the healing of diabetic wounds during NPWT...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203074/temperature-and-ph-sensitive-wearable-materials-for-monitoring-foot-ulcers
#7
Pietro Salvo, Nicola Calisi, Bernardo Melai, Valentina Dini, Clara Paoletti, Tommaso Lomonaco, Andrea Pucci, Fabio Di Francesco, Alberto Piaggesi, Marco Romanelli
Foot ulcers account for 15% of comorbidities associated with diabetes. Presently, no device allows the status of foot ulcers to be continuously monitored when patients are not hospitalized. In this study, we describe a temperature and a pH sensor capable of monitoring diabetic foot and venous leg ulcers developed in the frame of the seventh framework program European Union project SWAN-iCare (smart wearable and autonomous negative pressure device for wound monitoring and therapy). Temperature is measured by exploiting the variations in the electrical resistance of a nanocomposite consisting of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and poly(styrene-b-(ethylene-co-butylene)-b-styrene)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202371/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-an-update
#8
Ahmed Hassan El-Sabbagh
PURPOSE: To get the maximum benefit of vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) in the management of acute and chronic wounds without abuse or misuse. METHODS: Fourty one patients were included in the study. Among them, 9 patients had chronic wounds and the rest 32 patients had acute wounds. In acute wounds, 19 patients had co-morbid conditions. Seven patients had gaped wounds, 4 patients had necrotizing fasciitis and 2 patients had enterocutaneous fistula. RESULTS: The hospitalization period varied from 1 to 6 weeks...
January 25, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198150/the-effectiveness-of-negative-pressure-therapy-on-infected-wounds-preliminary-results
#9
Federico Lo Torto, Marco Ruggiero, Paola Parisi, Zachary Borab, Manuel Sergi, Bruno Carlesimo
Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) therapy is a sophisticated system that maintains a closed, humid, sterile and isolated environment. Wound infection is considered a relative contraindication. The objective of this study is to extend the indications for VAC therapy to include infected wounds by demonstrating its ability to increase the antibiotic concentration in the damaged and infected tissues. Patients who presented with ulcers infected with daptomycin-sensitive bacteria were eligible to be enrolled in this prospective study...
February 15, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194352/application-of-a-silicone-sheet-in-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-to-treat-an-abdominal-wall-defect-after-necrotizing-fasciitis
#10
Jin Su Shin, Hwan Jun Choi
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is an aggressive soft-tissue infection involving the deep fascia and is characterized by extensive deterioration of the surrounding tissue. Immediate diagnosis and intensive treatment, including debridement and systemic antibiotics, represent the most important factors influencing the survival of NF patients. In this report, we present a case of NF in the abdomen due to an infection caused by a perforated small bowel after abdominal liposuction. It was successfully treated using negative-pressure wound therapy, in which a silicone sheet functioned as a barrier between the sponge and internal organs to protect the small bowel...
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182535/prevention-of-postsurgical-wound-dehiscence-after-abdominal-surgery-with-npwt-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#11
K Sandy-Hodgetts, G D Leslie, R Parsons, N Zeps, K Carville
OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in the prevention of postoperative surgical wound dehiscence (SWD) is the subject of much debate and remains to be determined. This study will identify individuals at risk of postoperative SWD and trial the use of NPWT as a prophylactic measure against the occurrence of SWD, compared with a non-NPWT standard surgical dressing (SSD). METHOD: A prospective multicentre randomised controlled trial comparing NPWT dressing against standard surgical dressings (SSD) will be conducted...
February 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182520/use-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-after-vulvar-carcinoma-case-studies
#12
E Raimond, A Pelissier, M Etienette Emeriau, C François, O Graesslin
Surgery is widely used to treat vulvar cancer. However, postoperative complications after a vulvectomy can occur in 26-85 % of the cases. Here, the authors describe a complete radical vulvectomy with bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection performed in two patients. Both patients developed infection and wound breakdown postoperatively. Due to failure of local care, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) was started to reduce bacterial rates and tension on wound edges. Accelerated tissue healing was observed in both cases, as well as an improvement in the patients' quality of life...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180975/-management-of-lymphatic-fistulas-in-the-groin-from-a-surgeon-s-perspective
#13
B Juntermanns, A E Cyrek, J Bernheim, J N Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The postoperative occurrence of lymph fistulas in the groin is a complication that should be taken seriously. These fistulas cause an increase in morbidity and can support local and ascending infections. The treatment of this complication ranges from conservative procedures, such as compression dressings and bed rest to operative treatment with detection of the fistulas and ligation, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) or even muscle flaps. This review provides an overview of current therapeutic modalities...
February 8, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165571/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-and-early-pedicle-flap-reconstruction-of-the-chest-wall-after-epirubicin-extravasation
#14
Marios Papadakis, Afshin Rahmanian-Schwarz, Marzena Bednarek, Mohamed Arafkas, Philipp Holschneider, Gunnar Hübner
PURPOSE: Accidental extravasation is a serious iatrogenic injury among patients receiving anthracycline-containing chemotherapy. The aim of this work is to present a combination therapy for chest wall reconstruction following epirubicin extravasation. METHODS: Herein, we report a 68-year-old woman with massive soft tissue necrosis of the anterolateral chest wall after epirubicin extravasation from a port implanted in the subclavicular area. RESULTS: The necrotic tissue was resected, the port was removed, and negative-pressure wound therapy was applied...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164044/accidental-bolt-gun-injury-to-femur-a-case-report
#15
Ravi Prasad Kattimani, Sanath Shetty, Humayun Mirza
INTRODUCTION: Bolt gun or slaughterer's guns are used in meat industry for "humane killing" of animals. Injuries caused by bolt gun are rare, reported exclusively from central European countries. We report a case of 28 year old male, who accidentally shot himself with a bolt gun to his right thigh. CASE REPORT: A 28 years old male presented to our Accident and Emergency department after accidental injury to his right thigh with bolt gun. He had an entry wound measuring 2 cm in length and 1 cm in breadth over anterior aspect of lower one third of thigh at lower and sustained Grade II compound fracture of right femur shaft at distal one third...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151546/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-using-polyvinyl-alcohol-foam-to-bolster-full-thickness-mesh-skin-grafts-in-dogs
#16
Matan Or, Bart Van Goethem, Adriaan Kitshoff, Annika Koenraadt, Ilona Schwarzkopf, Tim Bosmans, Hilde de Rooster
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) foam to bolster full-thickness mesh skin grafts in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 8). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Full-thickness mesh skin graft was directly covered with PVA foam. NPWT was maintained for 5 days (in 1 or 2 cycles). Grafts were evaluated on days 2, 5, 10, 15, and 30 for graft appearance and graft take, granulation tissue formation, and complications...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139110/-abdominal-traumatic-evisceration-reconstruction-abdominal-wall-with-biologic-mesh-and-negative-pressure-therapy
#17
M Jiménez Gómez, N Betancor Rivera, J Lima Sánchez, J R Hernández Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal traumatic evisceration as a result of high energy trauma is uncommon. Once repaired the possible internal damage, an abdominal wall defect of high complexity may exist, whose reconstruction represents a surgical challenge. CASE REPORT: Politraumatized male with important abdominal muculocutaneous avulsion and evisceration. After initial repair, the patient developed a big eventration in which we use a porcine dermis-derived mesh (Permacol(TM)), a safe and effective alternative in abdominal wall repair, thanks to its seamless integration with other tissues, even when exposed...
April 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135754/-alternative-methods-of-local-therapy-for-complicated-periocular-infections-two-case-reports
#18
J C Giers, S Halstenberg, U Voßmerbäumer, S Pitz
Background Wounds of the eyelid can usually be cured with common surgical measures and the use of local antibiotics. Here we present two cases to demonstrate that biological debridement and negative pressure vacuum therapy (NPWT), two second line therapies, are effective and possibly superior alternatives to conventional, antibiotic-based approaches. Methodology and Result A persistent infectious wound of the upper eyelid after surgical debridement of necrotising fasciitis and an upper eyelid abscess with multiple purulent entry points, which was refractory to a five-week antibiotic regimen, were treated with biological debridement and NPWT...
January 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133315/-a-case-of-ascending-colon-cancer-with-extensive-abdominal-wall-abscess
#19
Taichi Kuwahara, Yoshihiro Tokuhisa, Nobuaki Suzuki, Shinobu Tomochika, Yuka Inoue, Hironori Tanaka, Mitsuo Nishiyama, Shinsuke Kanekiyo, Michihisa Iida, Kazuhiko Sakamoto, Shigeru Takeda, Tomio Ueno, Shigefumi Yoshino, Shoichi Hazama, Hiroaki Nagano
A 51-year-old woman was seen in our hospital because an ascending colon tumor with extensive abdominal wall abscess was detected on computed tomography(CT). On the same day, we performed open drainage and laparoscopic assisted ileocolostomy. Postoperative day 35, we performed right hemicolectomy with abdominal wall resection and closure of the colostomy as a radical surgery. After surgery, we started(negative pressure wound therapy: NPWT)to the surgical wound site; hence, the abdominal wall defect could be healed without a musculocutaneous flap...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127654/-postoperative-wound-infections-diagnosis-classification-and-treatment
#20
D Seidel, J Bunse
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections are a frequent complication of surgery and a severe burden for the patient as well as for the healthcare system. Sound knowledge of the disease pattern is an essential prerequisite for effective therapy. OBJECTIVE: This article presents an overview of the diagnosis, classification and treatment options for surgical site infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on the existing experience, the currently available evidence and pathophysiological considerations, an overview of the diagnostic possibilities, the existing classification systems and the treatment options is presented...
January 26, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
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