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Migraine evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438841/anti-migraine-and-anti-depression-activities-of-tianshu-capsule-by-mediating-monoamine-oxidase
#1
Xiaoping Sun, Fangfang Zhu, Jun Zhou, Xiujuan Chang, Liang Li, Hanfei Hu, Zhenzhong Wang, Wei Xiao
BACKGROUND: Tianshu capsule(TSC)is a Chinese patent medicine. It's widely used to treat migraine clinically in China. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study, we investigated anti-migraine and anti-depression activities of TSC using in vivo animal models together with in vitro studies to investigate the mechanism of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nitroglycerin (NTG) -induced migraine rat model, rat was given a subcutaneous injection of the NTG suspension (10 mg/kg) once a week for 5 weeks...
February 10, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429783/pediatric-stroke-and-its-mimics-limitations-of-a-pediatric-stroke-clinical-pathway
#2
Amy M DeLaroche, Lalitha Sivaswamy, Ahmad Farooqi, Nirupama Kannikeswaran
BACKGROUND: Acute stroke protocols improve delivery of care but it is unclear whether these resource intensive protocols are able to differentiate stroke from mimics in children. The aim of this study is to describe our institution's experience with stroke mimics identified through our pediatric stroke clinical pathway (PSCP). METHODS: The PSCP was implemented in our level 1 pediatric emergency department in June 2014 for children aged one month to 18 years. For patients managed using the PSCP from June 2014 to December 2016, demographic and clinical data were compared for patients diagnosed with stroke or a stroke mimic...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428464/why-do-people-search-wikipedia-for-information-on-multiple-sclerosis
#3
F Brigo, S Lattanzi, N Bragazzi, R Nardone, M Moccia, L Lavorgna
BACKGROUND: Wikipedia is a frequently-accessed online source of health-related information. In this study we evaluated the number of views of the Italian Wikipedia articles related to multiple sclerosis (MS) and its treatment. METHODS: Using Pageviews Analysis we assessed the total views, and mean monthly and daily views of the Italian Wikipedia articles on MS and its treatments from 1 January 2015 to 31 October 2017. We compared the views of the article on MS with those for Alzheimer´s disease, epilepsy, migraine and stroke, and adjusted results for crude disease prevalence...
February 5, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423388/dietary-intake-of-thiamine-in-migraine-patients-and-healthy-subjects-a-case-control-study
#4
Hossein Faraji, Zamzam Paknahad, Ahmad Chitsaz
The migraine headache is a disease related to the neurovascular system, which affects 10%-20% of people, worldwide. Recent evidences suggested a relation between thiamine status and migraine headaches. The current study was undertaken to assess dietary intake of the thiamine in migraine patients and to evaluate its association with the frequency of migraine attacks. In a case-control design, the current study was performed on 50 migraine patients and 50 healthy people, 20-60 years old in Isfahan, Iran, in 2017...
January 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411639/prospective-memory-is-dysfunctional-in-migraine-without-aura
#5
Gabriella Santangelo, Antonio Russo, Alessandro Tessitore, Federica Garramone, Marcello Silvestro, Maria Rosaria Della Mura, Laura Marcuccio, Ilaria Fornaro, Luigi Trojano, Gioacchino Tedeschi
Introduction Prospective memory is the ability to carry out a delayed intended action, so to maintain and retrieve future plans, goals and activities. Deficits of prospective memory negatively impact on patients and caregivers' everyday living and determine poor adherence to treatment. Since frontal regions are involved in both event- and time-based prospective memory tasks and are impaired in migraine without aura, defects of prospective memory might occur in migraine without aura patients; until now this issue has not been investigated...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411366/case-report-of-the-safety-assessment-of-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-use-in-a-patient-with-cardiac-pacemaker-to-pulse-or-not-to-pulse
#6
Diana Y Wei, Fiona S Greenwood, Francis D Murgatroyd, Peter J Goadsby
BACKGROUND: Single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (sTMS) is an emerging neuromodulation method reported to be useful in migraine. Despite a low propensity for side effects, some concern with its use in patients with cardiac pacemakers has been expressed. CASE: We present a patient with chronic migraine with a cardiac pacemaker, who had tried unsuccessfully several migraine preventives with either poor efficacy or tolerability. With involvement of the cardiology team, we tested the effect of sTMS on her pacemaker and found it to be a safe and effective option for her...
February 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411353/group-education-and-multidisciplinary-management-for-chronic-headaches-among-adolescents-in-a-military-treatment-facility-a-retrospective-chart-review
#7
Andrew Ormond, Brian M Faux, Betty A Zickefoose, James Aden, Patricia E Kapunan, Timothy A Roberts
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of group education on the frequency of chronic headaches among adolescents. BACKGROUND: Chronic headaches are a common problem among adolescents with significant psychosocial morbidity. Brief education on lifestyle interventions to decrease headache frequency has established benefits among adult patients but is less proven among adolescents. METHODS: This study is a chart review examining our experience with a group education program for 155 adolescents, aged 12-17 years old, enrolled in the U...
February 7, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406202/diagnosis-and-management-of-headache-in-older-adults
#8
REVIEW
Amaal J Starling
Headache is a common, disabling neurologic problem in all age groups, including older adults. In older adults, headache is most likely a primary disorder, such as tension-type headache or migraine; however, there is a higher risk of secondary causes, such as giant cell arteritis or intracranial lesions, than in younger adults. Thus, based on the headache history, clinical examination, and presence of headache red flags, a focused diagnostic evaluation is recommended, ranging from blood tests to neuroimaging, depending on the headache characteristics...
February 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395284/safety-and-efficacy-of-intravenous-lidocaine-for-pain-management-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Lucas Oliveira J E Silva, Kristin Scherber, Daniel Cabrera, Sergey Motov, Patricia J Erwin, Colin P West, M Hassan Murad, M Fernanda Bellolio
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the safety and efficacy of intravenous lidocaine in adult patients with acute and chronic pain who are undergoing pain management in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: We searched Ovid CENTRAL, Ovid EMBASE, and Ovid MEDLINE databases for randomized controlled trials and observational studies from inception to January 2017. Efficacy outcomes included reduction in pain scores from baseline to postintervention and need for rescue analgesia...
January 29, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394939/lipidomic-analysis-of-serum-samples-from-migraine-patients
#10
Caixia Ren, Jia Liu, Juntuo Zhou, Hui Liang, Yayun Wang, Yinping Sun, Bin Ma, Yuxin Yin
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a prevalent, disabling type of primary headache disorder associated with a high socioeconomic burden. The clinical management of migraine is challenging. This study was to identify potential serum lipidomic biomarkers of migraine. METHODS: The serum lipidomic profile of migraine sufferers was compared with healthy individuals using Liquid Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS). Volcano plot analysis by Student's t-test was performed to identify the differential metabolites...
February 2, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394166/migraine-surgery-an-all-or-nothing-phenomenon-prospective-evaluation-of-surgical-outcomes
#11
Lisa Gfrerer, John H Hulsen, Matthew D McLeod, Eric J Wright, William G Austen
OBJECTIVE: A detailed analysis of outcomes after migraine surgery suggests an anatomic etiology of pain, such as peripheral nerve compression, in select patients. BACKGROUND: Historically, surgeons have not played a role in the treatment of migraine. However, a subgroup of patients with extracranial anatomic triggers appear to benefit from surgical intervention. Traditionally, the determination of success or failure of migraine surgery is based on whether there is greater or less than 50% improvement of the migraine headache index (MHI) after surgery...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392243/evidence-that-dry-eye-is-a-comorbid-pain-condition-in-a-u-s-veteran-population
#12
Charity J Lee, Roy C Levitt, Elizabeth R Felix, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Anat Galor
Introduction: Recent evidence suggests that dry eye (DE) may be comorbid with other chronic pain conditions. Objectives: To evaluate DE as a comorbid condition in the U.S. veteran population. Methods: Retrospective review of veterans seen in the Veterans Administration Healthcare System (Veteran Affairs) between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014. Dry eye and nonocular pain disorders were ascertained by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes...
November 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388437/migraine-and-the-risk-of-incident-hypertension-among-women
#13
Pamela M Rist, Anke C Winter, Julie E Buring, Howard D Sesso, Tobias Kurth
Background Few studies have examined whether migraine is associated with an increased risk of incident hypertension. Methods We performed a prospective cohort study among 29,040 women without hypertension at baseline. Women were classified as having active migraine with aura, active migraine without aura, a past history of migraine, or no history of migraine. Incident hypertension was defined as new physician diagnosis or newly self-reported systolic or diastolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg or ≥90 mmHg respectively...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385877/psychiatric-disorders-in-patients-with-intractable-dizziness-in-the-department-of-otolaryngology
#14
Fumiyuki Goto, Nagisa Sugaya, Miki Arai, Kanako Masuda
OBJECTIVE: Vertigo and dizziness are often not fully explained by organic illnesses, but instead may be related to psychiatric disorders. It is important to determine the types of psychiatric comorbidities that are frequent in cases of intractable dizziness. METHOD: The study subjects were 90 patients who had experienced intractable dizziness for more than three months and were referred to a psychiatrist when their symptoms could not be fully explained based on their physical illness...
January 31, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379563/the-relationship-of-parental-pain-catastrophizing-with-parents-reports-of-children-s-anxiety-depression-and-headache-severity
#15
Ghazale Akbarzadeh, Hojjat Daniali, Mohsen Javdzadh, Line Caes, Seyran Ranjbar, Mojtaba Habibi
Objective: Parental pain catastrophizing is a construct recognized to have a significant impact on experience of pain in both children and parents. This research aimed to investigate the probable relationship of parental pain catastrophizing with the parent's reports of children's anxiety, depression and headache severity amongst Iranian parents of children with chronic or recurrent headache. Materials & Methods: This study was conducted in 2015-16, in two pediatric neurological centers located in Tehran, Iran; with a convenience sampling method and 212 parents (120 mothers and 92 fathers) of 132 children with a chronic or recurrent headache (migraine and tension-type)...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379562/a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-the-efficacy-of-melatonin-and-amitriptyline-in-migraine-prophylaxis-of-children
#16
Razieh Fallah, Fatemeh Fazelishoroki, Leila Sekhavat
Objective: The aim of the present research was to compare the effectiveness and tolerability of melatonin and amitriptyline in pediatric migraine prevention. Materials & Methods: In a parallel single-blinded randomized clinical trial, 5-15 yr old children with diagnosis of migraine that preventive therapy was indicated in whom and were referred to Pediatric Neurology Clinic of Shahid Sadoughi Medical Sciences University, Yazd-Iran from 2013-2014, were randomly allocated to receive 1 mg/kg amitriptyline or 0...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370980/body-balance-at-static-posturography-in-vestibular-migraine
#17
Leslie Palma Gorski, Adriana Marques da Silva, Flávia Salvaterra Cusin, Suelen Cesaroni, Mauricio Malavasi Ganança, Heloisa Helena Caovilla
INTRODUCTION: Migraine is one of the most frequent and incapacitating headaches, with a high degree of impairment in quality of life. Its association with vestibular symptoms is common, including imbalance and postural instability. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the body balance of patients with vestibular migraine through a static posturography test. METHODS: An experimental group of 31 patients with a medical diagnosis of vestibular migraine in the intercritical period of the disease, and a control group of 31 healthy individuals, matched for age and gender, were submitted to the eight sensory conditions of the Tetrax Interactive Balance System...
December 27, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370179/location-number-and-factors-associated-with-cerebral-microbleeds-in-an-italian-british-cohort-of-cadasil-patients
#18
Serena Nannucci, Valentina Rinnoci, Giovanni Pracucci, Andrew D MacKinnon, Francesca Pescini, Poneh Adib-Samii, Silvia Bianchi, Maria Teresa Dotti, Antonio Federico, Domenico Inzitari, Hugh S Markus, Leonardo Pantoni
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The frequency, clinical correlates, and risk factors of cerebral microbleeds (CMB) in Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) are still poorly known. We aimed at determining the location and number of CMB and their relationship with clinical manifestations, vascular risk factors, drugs, and other neuroimaging features in CADASIL patients. METHODS: We collected clinical data by means of a structured proforma and centrally evaluated CMB on magnetic resonance gradient echo sequences applying the Microbleed Anatomical Rating Scale in CADASIL patients seen in 2 referral centers in Italy and United Kingdom...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366620/changes-in-hormones-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal-axis-in-migraine-patients
#19
Wei Li, Xiaojun Diao, Chunfu Chen, Congcong Li, Yingbo Zhang, Yingying Li
The incidence of migraine is higher in women than in men. Abnormality of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis is believed to be implicated in the pathogenesis of migraine. The aim of this study was to detect serum hormone levels in the HPG axis of migraineurs and analyze the relationship between the hormone levels and migraine-related clinical characteristics. One hundred and nineteen migraineurs were enrolled. Serum FSH, LH, estradiol, progesterone, testosterone, prolactin and GnRH was detected. Pain intensity and migraine-related disability were evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Migraine Disability Assessment questionnaire (MIDAS)...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360844/mid-term-sustained-relief-from-headaches-after-balloon-angioplasty-of-the-internal-jugular-veins-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Clive B Beggs, Alessia Giaquinta, Massimiliano Veroux, Ester De Marco, Dovile Mociskyte, Pierfrancesco Veroux
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients frequently suffer from headaches and fatigue, and many reports have linked headaches with intracranial and/or extracranial venous obstruction. We therefore designed a study involving MS patients diagnosed with obstructive disease of internal jugular veins (IJVs), with the aim of evaluating the impact of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) on headache and fatigue indicators. METHODS: 286 MS patients (175 relapsing remitting (RR), 75 secondary progressive (SP), and 36 primary progressive (PP)), diagnosed with obstructive disease of IJVs, underwent PTA of IJVs during the period 2011-2015...
2018: PloS One
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