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Urinary tract infection in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655388/the-prevalence-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-mainland-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Jiancong Wang, Fangfei Liu, Ermira Tartari, Jianan Huang, Stephan Harbarth, Didier Pittet, Walter Zingg
OBJECTIVETo assess the prevalence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in mainland China.DESIGNSystematic review and meta-analysis.SETTINGAdults and children from secondary and tertiary acute-care hospitals in mainland China.METHODSWe searched PubMed, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wan Fang for multicenter point-prevalence surveys of acute-care hospitals in mainland China from January 2006 to August 2016. All reports related to HAI, using a point-prevalence methodology and published either in English or Chinese were eligible...
April 15, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643735/combined-laparoscopic-and-cystoscopic-retrieval-of-forgotten-translocated-intrauterine-contraceptive-device
#2
Taiwo O Alabi, Mohan Keshavamurthy, Shabeer Ahmed, Rufus W Ojewola, Mahendra Jain, Kehinde H Tijani
The most commonly used long-term reversible female contraception is intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD). Its use is however associated with documented complications. Uterine perforation, though rare, is arguably the most surgically important of all these complications. We report a case of a 48-year-old para 4+0 (4 alive) woman who had IUCD insertion 17 years earlier and had forgotten she had the device having had two children thereafter. The IUCD was subsequently translocated through the dome of the bladder into the peritoneal cavity with calculus formation around the tail and thread of the IUCD in the urinary bladder causing recurrent urinary tract infection...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628969/association-between-vitamin-d-and-urinary-tract-infection-in-children
#3
Abolfazl Mahyar, Parviz Ayazi, Sara Safari, Reza Dalirani, Amir Javadi, Shiva Esmaeily
Purpose: The present study aimed to determine the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level and Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children. Methods: In this case-control study, 70 children with UTI (case group) were compared with 70 healthy children (control group) in terms of serum 25(OH)D levels. The children were between 1 month and 12 years of age. Serum 25(OH)D levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results were analyzed and compared between both groups...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620719/preoperative-illnesses-in-children-do-not-increase-the-risk-of-complications-after-hypospadias-repair
#4
Elisabeth Mj Dokter, Karen Ma Slikboer, Loes Fm van der Zanden, Janette C Rahamat-Langendoen, Stefanie Sv Henriet, Wout Fj Feitz, Barbara Bm Kortmann, Nel Roeleveld, Iris Alm van Rooij
BACKGROUND: Preoperative illnesses might induce immunosuppression and subsequently increase morbidity after surgery. Several studies have tried to identify risk factors for complications after hypospadias correction, but effects of illnesses in the weeks just before surgery are unknown. We aimed to determine the associations between preoperative illnesses not severe enough to postpone surgery and short-term complications after hypospadias repair in children. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, data were collected from 681 children with anterior or middle type hypospadias that had initial one-stage repair in the period 1983-2012 in the Radboudumc, The Netherlands...
March 31, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600402/bladder-management-during-pregnancy-in-women-with-spinal-cord-injury-an-observational-multicenter-study
#5
Elena Andretta, Lorenza Maria Landi, Mirella Cianfrocca, Alberto Manassero, Oreste Risi, Giorgio Artuso
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pregnancy in women with spinal-cord injury (SCI) poses a clinical challenge. We hypothesized that changes in the management of neurogenic bladder during pregnancy are commonly required and should receive more attention. METHODS: Data were collected by retrospective analysis of medical records and via cross-sectional survey of 52 women with SCI, representing 67 pregnancies, at ten Italian neurourological clinics. All participants provided informed consent...
March 29, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588332/risks-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-children-with-infantile-urinary-tract-infection-a-13-year-nationwide-cohort-study
#6
Teck-King Tan, Miguel Saps, Cheng-Li Lin, Chang-Ching Wei
Early life events play a crucial role in the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Some evidence suggests the phenomenon of cross-organ sensitization between bladder and colon. Whether urinary tract infection (UTI) during infancy is a risk factor of childhood IBS remains to be elucidated. In this retrospective cohort study, we selected 31 788 infants who had UTI between 2000 and 2011 as a UTI cohort and selected 127 152 infants without UTI as a comparison cohort, matched by age, sex and level of urbanization of living area...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588142/diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-is-more-sensitive-than-dimercaptosuccinic-acid-scintigraphy-in-detecting-parenchymal-lesions-in-children-with-acute-pyelonephritis-a-prospective-study
#7
Alice Bosakova, Dana Salounova, Jaroslav Havelka, Otakar Kraft, Pavel Sirucek, Radim Kocvara, Michal Hladik
INTRODUCTION: Static renal scintigraphy is the gold standard for detection of inflammatory changes in the renal parenchyma in acute pyelonephritis. Our aim was to determine whether diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) was comparable with static renal scintigraphy (DMSA-SRS) to demonstrate acute renal parenchymal lesions. OBJECTIVE: To compare99m Tc-dimercaptosuccinic acid static renal scintigraphy (DMSA-SRS) with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) for detecting acute inflammatory changes in the renal parenchyma in children with febrile urinary tract infection...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580731/active-surveillance-for-antenatally-detected-ureteroceles-predictors-of-success
#8
V Andrioli, L Guerra, M Keays, D T Keefe, K Tang, K J Sullivan, K Garland, M Rafikov, M P Leonard
INTRODUCTION: Historically, ureteroceles were surgically treated, as patients were diagnosed after developing symptoms. However, with the advance of fetal medicine, antenatal detection has provided an opportunity to look at the natural history of ureteroceles. OBJECTIVES: With data derived from a retrospective chart review of patients with ureteroceles that were detected antenatally, the current study aimed to determine which group of children would be at risk for failure on active surveillance...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577511/association-between-interleukin-8-receptor-gene-cxcr1-and-cxcr2-polymorphisms-and-urinary-tract-infection-evidence-from-4097-subjects
#9
Shi-Sheng Han, Yan Lu, Min Chen, Yan-Qiu Xu, Yi Wang
The aim of this study was to determine whether a correlation exists between interleukin-8 receptor polymorphisms and urinary tract infection (UTI) susceptibility. We systematically searched electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Web of Science up to November 5, 2017 to select appropriate studies that focused on C-X-C chemokine receptor type 1 and/or 2 (CXCR1, CXCR2) polymorphisms with susceptibility to UTI. Eight case-control studies including 2085 patients with UTI and 2012 controls were enrolled in this study...
March 25, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576374/prediction-of-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-children-with-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-using-relative-uptake-and-cortical-defect-in-dmsa-scan
#10
Il Ki Hong, Mi Hae Chung, Joong Hyun Bin, Kyung-Yil Lee, Jung Sue Kim, Chung Ho Kim, Jin-Soon Suh
BACKGROUND: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is an important urologic anomaly that causes renal injury in children with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI). The present study aimed to evaluate the associations of abnormalities detected on technetium-99m-labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scans, focusing on the association with VUR of the levels of relative decrease in kidney function and cortical defects after a first febrile UTI in children. METHODS: All 171 children underwent ultrasonography, DMSA scan and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)...
March 6, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568806/antibiotic-resistance-patterns-of-urinary-tract-pathogens-in-turkish-children
#11
Suzan Gunduz, Hatice Uludağ Altun
Background: Knowledge of local antimicrobial resistance patterns is essential for evidence- based empirical antibiotic prescribing. We aimed to investigate the distribution and changes in causative agents of urinary tract infections in children and the resistance rates, and to recommend the most appropriate antibiotics. Methods: In this retrospective study, we evaluated causative agents and antimicrobial resistance in urine isolates from the positive community from September 2014 to April 2016 in a single hospital in Ankara, Turkey...
2018: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557599/effect-of-breastfeeding-on-common-pediatric-infections-a-5-year-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Cüneyt Ardiç, Erdinç Yavuz
INTRODUCTION: The studies conducted revealed that breastfeeding duration has a reducing effect on common infectious diseases in the children during breastfeeding period. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to address the association between breastfeeding duration and common infectious diseases in the children until 5 years of age to show long-term protective effects of the breast milk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 411 infants who were born in Rize (Turkey) between January 2011 and December 2011...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551405/endoscopic-injection-of-dextranomer-hyaluronic-acid-as-first-line-treatment-in-851-consecutive-children-with-high-grade-vesicoureteral-reflux-efficacy-and-long-term-results
#13
Florian Friedmacher, Eric Colhoun, Prem Puri
PURPOSE: Endoscopic injection of dextranomer/hyaluronic is widely acknowledged as first-line treatment of lower grade vesicoureteral reflux. Our objective was to demonstrate its long-term efficacy and safety in eradicating high-grade reflux. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight-hundred-fifty-one children (518 girls, 333 boys), median age 2.3 years (2 months-13.7 years), underwent endoscopic correction of high-grade vesicoureteral reflux using dextranomer/hyaluronic acid...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533350/amikacin-monotherapy-for-treatment-of-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-caused-by-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-in-children
#14
Meltem Polat, Anil Tapisiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532235/predictive-ability-of-ngal-in-identifying-urinary-tract-infection-in-children-with-neurogenic-bladders
#15
Catherine S Forster, Elizabeth Jackson, Qing Ma, Michael Bennett, Samir S Shah, Stuart L Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing between urinary tract infection (UTI) and colonization (UTC) in patients with neurogenic bladders who require clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is difficult. Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin concentrations (uNGAL) are increased in UTIs. Our objective was to determine the predictive accuracy of uNGAL for UTI in CIC-dependent children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of CIC-dependent patients from August, 2015 to November, 2016...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519695/otoacoustic-emissions-in-children-treated-with-gentamicin-in-a-secondary-hospital
#16
Jose Miguel Sequi Canet, Carlos Miguel Angelats Romero, Jose Miguel Sequi Sabater, Ana Miralles Torres, Miguel Boronat Garcia, Marta Gomez Delgado
INTRODUCTION: The National Commission for the Early Detection of Hearing Loss (CODEPEH) recommends the re-evaluation of hearing in children who have suffered any potentially harmful event, such as the prescription of ototoxic antibiotics such as gentamicin. The evoked otoacoustic emissions (EOAE) are a good method for assessing the integrity of cochlear functionality. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective study is presented, including 92 children who were treated with intravenous gentamicin for septic risk/sepsis or urinary tract infection...
March 5, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519651/determinants-of-urinary-catheter-removal-practices-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-survey
#17
Karen Trudel, Samara Zavalkoff, Nicholas Winters, Caroline Quach, Jacques Lacroix, Patricia S Fontela
BACKGROUND: Prolonged use of indwelling catheters is associated with hospital-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs). Literature is scarce about the factors influencing urinary catheter removal and maintenance in children. This study aims to describe the determinants of urinary catheter removal in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 171 physicians and nurses working at 2 tertiary PICUs in Montreal, Canada. We used focus groups and literature review to design the survey questions and 3 clinical scenarios...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518828/-clinical-characteristics-of-human-recombination-activating-gene-1-mutations-in-8-immunodeficiency-patients-with-diverse-phenotypes
#18
G Yu, W J Wang, D R Liu, Z F Tao, X Y Hui, J Hou, J Q Sun, X C Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of 8 immunodeficiency cases caused by human recombination activating gene 1 (RAG1) mutations, and to explore the relationship among genotypes, clinical manifestations and immunophenotypes. Methods: Clinical data were collected and analyzed from patients with RAG1 mutations who visited the Department of Clinical Immunology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University between October 2013 and June 2017. The data included clinical manifestations, immunophenotypes and genotypes...
March 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511587/long-term-follow-up-of-proximal-hypospadias-repair-urethral-stricture-should-be-excluded-in-adults-who-present-with-epididymo-orchitis
#19
Kailas P Bhandarkar, Dinesh H Kittur, Santosh V Patil, Sudhakar S Jadhav
Objective: Epididymo-orchitis (EO) is a well-known complication of urinary tract infections (UTI) in children. This is commonly seen in children who had hypospadias repair or in those who had surgery for anorectal malformation especially when it results in urethral stricture. However EO occurring as a complication of urethral stricture in adults operated for hypospadias in childhood is not well documented in the literature. Material and methods: This is a retrospective review of four adults who had proximal hypospadias repair in childhood...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506511/hospital-readmissions-with-acute-infectious-diseases-in-new-zealand-children-2-years-of-age
#20
Silvia Seibt, Catherine A Gilchrist, Peter W Reed, Emma J Best, Anthony Harnden, Carlos A Camargo, Cameron C Grant
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases are the leading cause of hospital admissions in young children. Hospitalisation with an infectious disease is a recurrent event for some children. Our objective was to describe risk factors for infectious disease readmission following hospital admission with an infectious disease in the first two years of life. METHODS: We performed a national cohort study of New Zealand children, born 2005-2009, with an infectious disease admission before age 24 months...
March 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
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