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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923266/brief-practical-screeners-in-english-and-spanish-for-acute-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-children
#1
Nancy Kassam-Adams, Meghan L Marsac
With millions of children experiencing acute traumatic events, validated screening tools are needed in both research and service contexts. We aimed to identify and evaluate short forms of the Acute Stress Checklist for Children in English (ASC-Kids) and Spanish (Cuestionario de Estrés Agudo-Niños [CEA-N]), using data from 4 samples (Ns of 254, 225, 176, and 80) of children with recent acute trauma. Confirmatory factor analyses of the full checklist in the largest sample guided item selection for 6-item and 3-item short forms...
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923263/microparticles-and-fibrinolysis
#2
Loris Vallier, Sylvie Cointe, Romaric Lacroix, Amandine Bonifay, Coralie Judicone, Françoise Dignat-George, Hau C Kwaan
Microparticles (MPs) are submicronic vesicles which are formed by budding of the cellular membrane of virtually any cell type in response to cell activation or apoptosis. Both circulating MPs and MPs generated within tissues harbor molecules with a large repertoire of biological activities and transfer material to target cells. Depending on their cellular origin, the stimuli triggering their formation, or their localization, they may participate in the maintenance of organ or vascular homeostasis as well as inducing dysfunction...
December 6, 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923259/-established-therapies-and-new-therapeutic-strategies-in-alcoholic-liver-disease
#3
Helmut Karl Seitz, Sebastian Mueller
Chronical alcohol abuse causes more than 200 diseases and/or symptoms and among these alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is of special importance since it occurs frequently and may be life-threatening. In Europe alcohol consumption as well as ALD increased as compared to the rest of the world. It has been estimated that in Europe approximately 500 000 people die every year due to ALD. ALD consists of alcoholic fatty liver, alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH), alcoholic cirrhosis and hepatocellar cancer (HCC ). Alcohol hepatitis (AH) is a clinical feature with jaundice and liver failure and a high mortality...
December 6, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923254/-influence-of-attachment-style-on-the-outcome-of-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#4
Johanna Elisabeth Appel, Franziska Ift, Hermann Kißler, Christof Kloos, Thomas Lehmann, Bernhard Strauß, Katharina Wick
Background: Bariatric surgery can lower body weight and comorbidities. Different factors might influence the outcome of this treatment. This pilot study examines whether patients' attachment style can influence surgical outcome. Methods: The sample consisted of 32 patients (f=24; m=8; BMI preoperative=47,8 kg/m(2)±5,2; age=53±9,84) who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. The following variables were assessed pre- and postoperatively via questionnaires: quality of life (BAROS), self esteem (SES), depression, anxiety, psychological distress (SCL-90R), feelings of hunger, cognitive control, irritated eating behaviour (FEV) and weight related variables (BMI, EWL%, EBL%, TBL)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923247/patterns-of-empiric-antibiotic-administration-for-presumed-early-onset-neonatal-sepsis-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-the-united-states
#5
Emily A Oliver, Patricia B Reagan, Jonathan L Slaughter, Catalin S Buhimschi, Irina A Buhimschi
Objective To evaluate current patterns in empiric antibiotic use for early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS). Study Design Retrospective population-based cohort study of newborns admitted on postnatal day 0 to 1 and discharged from NICUs participating in the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS 2006-2013). Analyses included frequency of antibiotic initiation within 3 days of birth, duration of first course, and variation among hospitals. Results Of 158,907 newborns, 118,624 (74.7%) received antibiotics on or before postnatal day 3...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923244/-improvement-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-after-prestationary-intervention
#6
K Sander, G Winkler, N Hofer, S Hunatschek, R Doerr
Aim of the study: Improvement of psychosomatic rehabilitation efforts with prestationary intervention. Method: The study is designed as a prospective and randomisized interventon study including 317 in patients. Result: Most of the patients were women (69.4 %), the mean age was 50.2 years. As measured with the BDI-II patients with prestationary intervention improved more than patients without intervention. The motivation has not been changed significantly in both treatment arms. Various independent cofactors like long duration of unemployment, disablement and patients who apply to pension were identified...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923241/-comparison-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-for-german-and-foreign-patients
#7
P Zollmann, V Pimmer, A D Rose, S Erbstößer
Aim: This study aims to comprehensively analyse the course of psychosomatic rehabilitation - from access to quantifiable rehabilitation outcomes. A comparison is made between 3 groups of patients: German citizens, patients of Turkish nationality or patients of foreign or unknown nationality. Methods: The data set used comprises routine data of the German Pension Insurance regarding psychosomatic rehabilitation from the so called Reha-Statistik-Database (RSD, database for rehabilitation statistics) over a period from 2007 to 2014...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923239/-motivational-and-volitional-determinants-of-applying-for-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-findings-of-a-cohort-study
#8
M Bethge, E Peters, E Michel, F M Radoschewski, K Spanier
Objective: Analyses of motivational and volitional determinants of applying for psychosomatic rehabilitation Methods: Determinants of a rehabilitation request were assessed by a questionnaire in 2013. Applications for psychosomatic rehabilitation measures until the end of 2014 were extracted from administrative data records. Included were employees with mental disorders. Results: Only 55 of 974 persons requested a rehabilitation measure. The intention to apply for a rehabilitation measure was strongest determined by self-efficacy and family and professional support...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923234/transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1-channels-contribute-to-the-regulation-of-acid-and-base-induced-vasomotor-responses
#9
Ivan Ivic, Margit Solymar, Eszter Pakai, Zoltan Rumbus, Erika Pinter, Akos Koller, Andras Garami
pH changes can influence local blood flow, but the mechanisms of how acids and bases affect vascular tone is not fully clarified. Transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) channels are expressed in vessels and can be activated by pH alterations. Thus, we hypothesized that TRPV1 channels are involved in the mediation of vascular responses to acid-base changes. Vasomotor responses to HCl, NaOH, and capsaicin were measured in isolated murine carotid and tail skin arteries. The function of TRPV1 was blocked by either of three approaches: Trpv1 gene disruption, pharmacological blockade with a TRPV1 antagonist (BCTC), and functional impairment of mainly neural TRPV1 channels (desensitization)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923229/hands-on-experience-accreditation-of-pathology-laboratories-according-to-iso-15189
#10
Alexandar Tzankov, Luigi Tornillo
Accreditation is a procedure by which an authoritative body gives formal recognition that an organization is competent to carry out specific tasks according to certain standards. Accreditation of pathology laboratories according to ISO 15189 is now becoming more and more a matter of course in continental Europe. This review describes some practical experience aspects with our own pathology laboratory accreditation according to ISO 15189, and outlines the advantages, addresses critical points, and discusses certain caveats of this process...
December 7, 2016: Pathobiology: Journal of Immunopathology, Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923227/optimal-role-of-the-nephrologist-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#11
D J Askenazi, Michael Heung, Michael J Connor, Rajit K Basu, Jorge Cerdá, Kent Doi, Jay L Koyner, Azra Bihorac, Ladan Golestaneh, Anitha Vijayan, Mark D Okusa, Sarah Faubel
As advances in Critical Care Medicine continue, critically ill patients are surviving despite the severity of their illness. The incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) has increased, and its impact on clinical outcomes as well as medical expenditures has been established. The role, indications and technological advancements of renal replacement therapy (RRT) have evolved, allowing more effective therapies with less complications. With these changes, Critical Care Nephrology has become an established specialty, and ongoing collaborations between critical care physicians and nephrologist have improved education of multi-disciplinary team members and patient care in the ICU...
December 3, 2016: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923216/efficacy-of-a-cellular-bone-allograft-for-foot-and-ankle-arthrodesis-and-revision-nonunion-procedures
#12
Travis J Dekker, Peter White, Samuel B Adams
BACKGROUND: Bone graft substitutes are often required in patients at risk for nonunion, and therefore, an allograft that most closely mimics an autograft is highly sought after. This study explored the utility and efficacy of a cellular bone allograft used for foot and ankle arthrodesis and revision nonunion procedures in a patient population at risk for nonunion. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review of consecutive patients who underwent arthrodesis and revision nonunion procedures with a cellular bone allograft was performed at a single academic institution...
October 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923213/proximity-of-the-lateral-calcaneal-artery-with-a-modified-extensile-lateral-approach-compared-to-standard-extensile-approach
#13
John Y Kwon, Tyler Gonzalez, Matthew D Riedel, Ara Nazarian, Mohammad Ghorbanhoseini
BACKGROUND: The extensile lateral approach (EL) has been associated with increased wound complications such as apical necrosis which may be due partially from violation of the lateral calcaneal artery (LCA). Traditionally, the vertical limb has been placed half-way between the fibula and Achilles tendon, which may be suboptimal given the proximity to the LCA. We hypothesized that placing the vertical limb further posterior (ie, modified EL [MEL]) would increase the distance from the LCA...
October 23, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923194/gender-negative-life-events-and-coping-on-different-stages-of-depression-severity-a-cross-sectional-study-among-chinese-university-students
#14
Xiao-Jun Sun, Geng-Feng Niu, Zhi-Qi You, Zong-Kui Zhou, Yun Tang
BACKGROUND: The effects of gender, negative life events, and coping on depression have been well-documented. But depression is a heterogeneous syndrome of which the severity ranged from mild depression to major depression. This study aimed to investigate the specific effects of gender, negative life events, and coping on different stages of depression severity. METHOD: A total of 5989 students (aged 16-25 years, M=20.85, SD=0.58), recruited from six universities in the central region of China using the stratified cluster sampling method, completed Life Events Questionnaire, Coping Response Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory-Ⅱ...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923185/profiling-perpetrators-of-interpersonal-violence-against-children-in-sport-based-on-a-victim-survey
#15
Tine Vertommen, Jarl Kampen, Nicolette Schipper-van Veldhoven, Kristien Wouters, Kasia Uzieblo, Filip Van Den Eede
The current article reports on perpetrator characteristics gathered in the first large-scale prevalence study on interpersonal violence against children in sport in the Netherlands and Belgium. Using retrospective web survey design, 4043 adults answered questions on their experiences in youth sport. The study looks at the number of perpetrators as well as individual descriptive characteristics (sex, age, and role in the sport organization) of perpetrators of psychological, physical and sexual violence as reported retrospectively by victim-respondents...
December 3, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923180/insight-into-the-structure-and-stability-of-tc-and-re-dmsa-complexes-a-computational-study
#16
Daniel Hernández-Valdés, Alejandro Blanco-González, Ariel García-Fleitas, Zalua Rodríguez-Riera, Giuseppe Meola, Roger Alberto, Ulises Jáuregui-Haza
Meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) is used in nuclear medicine as ligand for preparation of diagnostic and therapy radiopharmaceuticals. DMSA has been the subject of numerous investigations during the past three decades and new and significant information of the chemistry and pharmacology of DMSA complexes have emerged. In comparison to other ligands, the structure of some DMSA complexes is unclear up today. The structures and applications of DMSA complexes are strictly dependent on the chemical conditions of their preparation, especially pH and components ratio...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923177/the-effect-of-exergaming-on-knee-proprioception-in-older-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Hassan Sadeghi, Mohammad Nazrul Hakim, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Saidon Bin Amri, Mohsen Razeghi, Mohammadreza Farazdaghi, Elham Shakoor
BACKGROUND: Proprioception is the ability to sense the body position, muscle sense, joint stability and posture. As balance decreases during the process of aging, knee proprioception has a critical role in body balance and daily activities. Exergaming has shown to be a potentially effective and more enjoyable form of exercise delivery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week Xbox Kinect exercise program on knee proprioception in healthy older adults...
November 23, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923174/generalized-epilepsy-syndromes-and-callosal-thickness-differential-effects-between-patients-with-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-and-those-with-generalized-tonic-clonic-seizures-alone
#18
Stavroula Anastasopoulou, Florian Kurth, Eileen Luders, Ivanka Savic
PURPOSE: The definition of two well-studied genetic generalized epilepsy syndromes (GGE) - juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) and epilepsy with generalized tonic-clonic seizures alone (GTCS) - suggests the absence of structural cerebral abnormalities. Nevertheless, there are various reports of such abnormalities (especially in JME), where effects mainly occur within thalamus and mesial prefrontal regions. This raises the question of whether JME is particularly linked to midline structure abnormalities, which may also involve the corpus callosum...
November 18, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923173/electrophysiological-responses-to-symmetry-presented-in-the-left-or-in-the-right-visual-hemifield
#19
Damien Wright, Alexis D J Makin, Marco Bertamini
Symmetry is a highly salient feature in the visual world, abundant in both man-made and natural objects. In particular, humans find reflectional symmetry most salient. Electrophysiological work on symmetry perception has identified a difference wave known as the Sustained Posterior Negativity (SPN) originating from extrastriate areas. Amplitude is more negative for symmetrical than random patterns, from around 200 msec after stimulus onset. For the first time, we report responses to patterns presented exclusively in one hemifield...
November 10, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923166/a-comparative-systematic-review-of-yasmin-drospirenone-pill-versus-standard-treatment-options-for-symptoms-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Jing Li, Jing Ren, Wenxia Sun
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the impact of Yasmin (drospirenone pill) compares with other standard treatments for symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN: The relevant studies of the randomized controlled trials in women with PCOS treated with drospirenone were retrieved and the systematic evaluation was conducted. RESULTS: Eighteen articles were included. Compared with drospirenone (DRSP) monotherapy, DRSP plus metformin was better in reducing body mass index (BMI), luteinizing hormone (LH) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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