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cd3 double negative peripheral blood

Fatima Leal-Seabra, Gonçalo Sarmento Costa, Henrique Pereira Coelho, Agripino Oliveira
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is characterised by massive enlargement of the lymphoid organs, autoimmune cytopenias and a predisposition to develop lymphoid malignancies. The basic defect is a disturbance of the lymphocyte apoptosis, and a high number of circulating TCRab CD3(+)CD4(-)CD8(-) T-cells (double-negative T cells (DNT cells)). We describe a case of a 41-year-old man with fever, hepatosplenomegaly, multiple lymphadenopathy, autoimmune haemolytic anaemia and severe thrombocytopenia...
December 15, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Fernanda G Grano, José Eduardo Dos S Silva, Guilherme D Melo, Juliana Perosso, Valéria M F Lima, Gisele F Machado
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a disease causing several clinical manifestations in dogs, including neurological disorders. Nevertheless, there are few studies related to the evaluation of the brain alterations during VL. Evidences of the involvement of cerebral barriers in infected dogs was reported, including the presence of brain inflammatory infiltrate, with a predominance of CD3+ T cells. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the immunophenotypes of T lymphocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), as well as in peripheral blood, and to correlate with brain alterations in dogs with VL...
December 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
A Kaszuba, A Konior, T Mikolajczyk, A Prejbisz, M Kabat, I Cendrowska-Demkow, P Dobrowolski, B Pregowska-Chwala, K Michel-Rowicka, A Klisiewicz, P Michalek, S Toutounchi, Z Galazka, M Reincke, A Januszewicz, Tj Guzik
OBJECTIVE: Role of the T cells in pathogenesis of hypertension has been demonstrated in numerous mouse models, limited data is available in human hypertension. Therefore the aim of our study was to quantify blood T lymphocyte subsets, characterized by expression of CD25 markers (CD3 + , CD8 + and CD3 + CD4-CD8- cells) and expression of perforin and granzyme (in CD8 + cells) in subjects with primary hyperaldosteronism (PA), resistant hypertension (RHT) characterized by increased cardiovascular risk and excessive amounts of circulating aldosterone in comparison to controls matched for age, sex and BMI(control group, CG)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Maja M Janas, Yongfeng Jiang, Richard G Duncan, Antoinette N Hayes, Ju Liu, Pia V Kasperkovitz, Michael E Placke, Scott A Barros
Registration of pharmaceuticals requires an assessment of their genotoxic potential using in vitro and in vivo tests outlined in the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) guidance S2(R1). We have evaluated numerous siRNA-N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) conjugates containing phosphorothioate linkages and various combinations of 2'-fluoro and 2'-O-methyl ribose modifications of multiple nucleotides in the ICH battery of assays, all of which have uniformly yielded negative results. To verify these negative genotoxicity results, in this study we confirm test article exposure using toolkit small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) representative of those in the clinic...
December 2016: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
Qingda Meng, Zhenjiang Liu, Elena Rangelova, Thomas Poiret, Aditya Ambati, Lalit Rane, Shanshan Xie, Caroline Verbeke, Ernest Dodoo, Marco Del Chiaro, Matthias Löhr, Ralf Segersvärd, Markus J Maeurer
Generation of T lymphocytes with reactivity against cancer is a prerequisite for effective adoptive cellular therapies. We established a protocol for tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) from patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Tumor samples from 17 pancreatic cancer specimens were cultured with cytokines (IL-2, IL-15, and IL-21) to expand TILs. After 10 days of culture, TILs were stimulated with an anti-CD3 antibody (OKT3) and irradiated allogeneic peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Reactivity of TILs against tumor-associated antigens (mesothelin, survivin, or NY-ESO-1) was detected by intracellular cytokine production by flow cytometry...
February 2016: Journal of Immunotherapy
Jia-peng Sun, Xin-tian Lu, Wei-hong Zhao, Ying Hua
We described 1 case of autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS), first diagnosed in our hospital, and reviewed the recent literature. The 11-month old male patient presented with a history of splenomegaly and hepatomegaly since 1 month after birth. He suffered recurrent infectious diseases including cytomegalovirus infection, parvovirus B19 infection and chronic diarrhea disease. Besides, his symptoms included hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. The laboratory abnormality indicated an expanded population of alpha/beta double-negative T cells (DNTs) (27...
December 18, 2015: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Ming-Qi Zhao, Li-Hua Wang, Guang-Wan Lian, Jia-Hui Xie, Min Guo, Ying-Ying Zhang, Bing Zhu
BACKGROUND: Influenza A virus can cause severe respiratory infection in children and even result in immune system dysfunction. The aim of this study is to examine the clinical value of peripheral blood lymphocytes and serum nitric oxide (NO) and cytokines in children with influenza A viral pneumonia. METHODS: Thirty children hospitalized with confirmed influenza A viral pneumonia and 30 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The blood samples were collected from all the children and anti-coagulated with EDTA...
2015: Clinical Laboratory
Li Liu, Jian Hu, Jijun Ma, Xiaojie Li, Fangfang Li, Chongwei Li
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of a case with autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) . METHOD: The patient was diagnosed as autoimmune lymphoproliferactive syndrome (ALPS) after being admitted to the Department of Rheumatism and Immunology of Tianjin Children's Hospital in February 20, 2014. The clinical characteristics, physical examination, laboratory tests, gene tests, and treatment process were analyzed and related literature was reviewed...
December 2014: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Andrew G Burton, Dori L Borjesson, William Vernau
A 9-year-old female spayed English Springer Spaniel was evaluated for a cranial mediastinal mass and lymphocytosis. Flow cytometric immunophenotyping of peripheral blood lymphocytes revealed 97% as CD3 positive, confirming a T-cell lineage. Additionally, T-cell subset assessment showed 53.2% to be double-negative T-lymphocytes, expressing neither CD4 nor CD8 surface markers. The number of double-negative lymphocytes in circulation coincided with the number of T-cell receptor (TCR) γδ-expressing T-cells in circulation...
December 2014: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
J Novak, J Dobrovolny, L Novakova, T Kozak
Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are innate-like T cells comprising up to 10% of the peripheral blood T cells in humans. During ontogeny, MAIT cells can first be detected in the cord blood in low amounts, but rise steadily after birth. In this population-based study, we show that their counts continue to increase, reaching maximal levels (4.5% of CD3(+) cells, 65 cells/μl) in the third and fourth decenniums. At this age, the amounts of MAIT cells exhibit the highest interindividual variability. The values then dramatically decline; subjects 80 years old and older have on average 10 times less MAIT cells, both absolutely and as a percentage among CD3(+) T cells, than subjects in fertile age...
October 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Marta Olivares, Gemma Castillejo, Vicente Varea, Yolanda Sanz
Interactions between the immune system and the intestinal microbiota may play a role in coeliac disease (CD). In the present study, the potential effects of Bifidobacterium longum CECT 7347 in children with newly diagnosed CD were evaluated. A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in thirty-three children who received a capsule containing either B. longum CECT 7347 (10⁹ colony-forming units) or placebo (excipients) daily for 3 months together with a gluten-free diet (GFD). Outcome measures (baseline and post-intervention) included immune phenotype of peripheral blood cells, serum cytokine concentration, faecal secretory IgA (sIgA) content, anthropometric parameters and intestinal microbiota composition...
July 14, 2014: British Journal of Nutrition
James A Tarbox, Molly P Keppel, Nermina Topcagic, Charles Mackin, Miriam Ben Abdallah, Kevin W Baszis, Andrew J White, Anthony R French, Megan A Cooper
PURPOSE: Autoimmune diseases are thought to be caused by a loss of self-tolerance of the immune system. One candidate marker of immune dysregulation in autoimmune disease is the presence of increased double negative T cells (DNTs) in the periphery. DNTs are characteristically elevated in autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome, a systemic autoimmune disease caused by defective lymphocyte apoptosis due to Fas pathway defects. DNTs have also been found in the peripheral blood of adult patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), where they may be pathogenic...
July 2014: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Christian M Hedrich, José C Crispín, Thomas Rauen, Christina Ioannidis, Tomohiro Koga, Noe Rodriguez Rodriguez, Sokratis A Apostolidis, Vasileios C Kyttaris, George C Tsokos
TCR-αβ(+)CD3(+)CD4(-)CD8(-) "double negative" T cells are expanded in the peripheral blood of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and lupus-prone mice. Double negative T cells have been claimed to derive from CD8(+) cells that down-regulate CD8 co-receptors and acquire a distinct effector phenotype that includes the expression of proinflammatory cytokines. This, along with the fact that double negative T cells have been documented in inflamed organs, suggests that they may contribute to disease expression and tissue damage...
January 24, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
A Alunno, O Bistoni, E Bartoloni Bocci, S Caterbi, B Bigerna, A Pucciarini, A Tabarrini, R Mannucci, D Beghelli, B Falini, R Gerli
A small CD3+ T-cell population, that lacks both CD4 and CD8 molecules, defined as double negative (DN), is expanded in the peripheral blood of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, produces IL-17 and accumulates in the kidney during lupus nephritis. Since IL-17 production is enhanced in salivary gland infiltrates of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), we aimed to investigate whether DN T cells may be involved in the pathogenesis of salivary gland damage. Fifteen patients with SS and 15 normal controls (NC) were enrolled...
2013: Reumatismo
Zhimin Lu, Dinglei Su, Dandan Wang, Xia Li, Xuebing Feng, Lingyun Sun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of peripheral γ δ T cells in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its correlation with disease activity and to analyze the apoptotic status, proliferation ability, and intracellular cytokine profile of these cells. METHODS: Flow cytometry was performed to detect the percentage and intracellular cytokine expression of peripheral γ δ T cells from SLE patients. Annexin-V/PI double staining was applied to determine the proportion of apoptotic γ δ and CD3(+) T cells...
2013: Clinical & Developmental Immunology
Christian M Hedrich, Thomas Rauen, Jose C Crispin, Tomohiro Koga, Christina Ioannidis, Melissa Zajdel, Vasileios C Kyttaris, George C Tsokos
T cell receptor-αβ(+) CD3(+)CD4(-)CD8(-) "double-negative" T cells are expanded in the peripheral blood of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome. In both disorders, double-negative T cells infiltrate tissues, induce immunoglobulin production, and secrete proinflammatory cytokines. Double-negative T cells derive from CD8(+) T cells through down-regulation of CD8 surface co-receptors. However, the molecular mechanisms orchestrating this process remain unclear...
November 1, 2013: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Jonah Cohen, Eduardo Hariton, Darshan Kothari, German A Pihan, Simon C Robson
A 59-year-old man with diabetes mellitus, prior hepatitis B infection and recently diagnosed cirrhosis with prior Babesiosis presented to our institution from an outside hospital with six months of worsening abdominal pain, myalgias and fevers. On admission, physical examination revealed jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly and diffuse lymphadenopathy. Laboratory investigations demonstrated mild anemia, thrombocytopenia, hyperbilirubinemia and elevated lactate dehydrogenase. Tests for human immunodeficiency virus, and active Babesia microti infection were negative, however Epstein-Barr virus DNA by quantitative PCR was markedly elevated...
June 2013: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Sanne P Smeekens, Martijn W F van den Hoogen, Elena G Kamburova, Frank L van de Veerdonk, Irma Joosten, Hans J M P Koenen, Mihai G Netea, Luuk B Hilbrands, Leo A B Joosten
In renal transplantation, IL-17 production by T-cells might be dependent on the presence of B-cells. Therefore, the effect of in vivo B-cell depletion on ex-vivo IL-17 production was investigated. Twenty patients undergoing living-donor renal transplantation were recruited from a larger cohort of patients participating in a randomized, double-blind trial. All patients were allocated to a single intra-operative dose of either placebo or rituximab (375 mg/m(2)) added to the standard immunosuppressive therapy...
June 2013: Transplant Immunology
Masatsugu Yamamoto, Amrit Singh, Francesco Sava, Mandy Pui, Scott J Tebbutt, Christopher Carlsten
BACKGROUND: Adverse health effects associated with diesel exhaust (DE) are thought to be mediated in part by oxidative stress, but the detailed mechanisms are largely unknown. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally and may respond to exposures such as DE. OBJECTIVES: We profiled peripheral blood cellular miRNAs in participants with mild asthma who were exposed to controlled DE with and without antioxidant supplementation. METHODS: Thirteen participants with asthma underwent controlled inhalation of filtered air and DE in a double-blinded, randomized crossover study of three conditions: a) DE plus placebo (DEP), b) filtered air plus placebo (FAP), or c) DE with N-acetylcysteine supplementation (DEN)...
June 2013: Environmental Health Perspectives
Djordje Atanackovic, Ulrike Nowottne, Eva Freier, Cora Stefanie Weber, Sabrina Meyer, Katrin Bartels, York Hildebrandt, Yanran Cao, Nicolaus Kröger, Monika Christine Brunner-Weinzierl, Carsten Bokemeyer, Hans-Christian Deter
Acute psychological stress has primarily been investigated regarding its effects on conventional lymphocytes such as natural killer (NK) cells and CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. However, it might be important to focus on more "specialized" lymphocyte subsets, playing a role, for instance, in allergic conditions and autoimmunity, to identify links between stress, the immune system and somatic diseases. Using flow cytometry we determined frequencies of circulating T helper (Th)1-type (CD226(+)) and Th2-type (CRTH2(+)) T cells, γδ T cells, conventional CD56(+) natural killer T (NKT) cells and invariant NKT cells (iNKT) in healthy young males (N = 31; median age 26 years) undergoing a laboratory computer-based stressor lasting 12 min...
July 2013: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
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