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muscle pains causes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645927/is-this-muscle-pain-caused-by-my-statin
#1
EDITORIAL
Matthew J Shun-Shin, Darrel P Francis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645253/a-case-report-of-thoracolumbar-paraspinal-myopathy-as-the-cause-of-camptocormia-in-a-patient-with-atypical-parkinsonism
#2
Yoon Kim, Ahro Kim, Aryun Kim, Beomseok Jeon
BACKGROUND: Camptocormia is severe flexion of the thoracolumbar spine, exaggerated during standing and walking but minimized in supine position. Even though camptocormia is a relatively common condition during the course of Parkinson's disease, there is ongoing controversy concerning its mechanisms. The most widely accepted and yet still disputed one is dystonia. However, based on myopathic changes observed in the paraspinal muscle biopsies of some PD patients with camptocormia, the attempt to attribute camptocormia to myopathy has continued...
June 23, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640120/working-hand-syndrome-a-new-definition-of-non-classified-polyneuropathy-condition
#3
Gökhan Özdemir
The aim of this paper was to define an unexplained non-classified polyneuropathy condition as a new neurological disease. This new diagnosis of occupation related polyneuropathy has been named as "WORKING HAND SYNDROME (WHS)."This study collected and compared clinic and electrophysiological analyze data from healthy controls, WHS patients, carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients and polyneuropathy patients. The WHS patients presented to the clinic with pain, numbness, tingling, and burning sensations in their hands that increased significantly during rest and nighttime...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638493/tibialis-anterior-muscle-hernia-a-case-of-chronic-dull-pain-and-swelling-in-leg-diagnosed-by-dynamic-ultrasonography
#4
Navneet Sharma, Neeraj Kumar, Richa Verma, Anupam Jhobta
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic muscle hernias are not uncommon in the lower extremities and are a rare cause of chronic leg pain. They are most commonly seen in the tibialis anterior muscle, occurring through fascial defects, usually after trauma. There are about 200 cases of muscle hernias described in the literature. The diagnosis is challenging as most of the patients present with non-specific chronic leg pain. Dynamic muscle ultrasonography at rest and at stress is often used for the diagnosis...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634595/role-of-repeat-muscle-compartment-pressure-measurements-in-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-of-the-lower-leg
#5
Aniek P M van Zantvoort, Johan A de Bruijn, Michiel B Winkes, Adwin R Hoogeveen, Joep A W Teijink, Marc R Scheltinga
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic gold standard for diagnosing chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a dynamic intracompartmental pressure (ICP) measurement of the muscle. The potential role of a repeat ICP (re-ICP) measurement in patients with persistent lower leg symptoms after surgical decompression or with ongoing symptoms after an earlier normal ICP is unknown. PURPOSE: To study whether re-ICP measurements in patients with persistent CECS-like symptoms of the lower leg may contribute to the diagnosis of CECS after both surgical decompression and a previously normal ICP measurement...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633791/peroneus-tertius-tendon-tear-causing-lateral-ankle-pain-in-a-child
#6
Niall P McGoldrick, Diane Bergin, Stephen R Kearns
The peroneus tertius muscle arises in the anterior compartment of the leg and demonstrates significant morphologic variation. Its function is not yet clearly delineated. We present the case of a 12-year-old patient with an isolated tear of the peroneus tertius tendon that resulted in lateral based ankle pain. After surgical reconstruction, the patient's pain resolved, and he was able to return to his normal activities.
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628616/therapeutic-administration-of-a-recombinant-human-monoclonal-antibody-reduces-the-severity-of-chikungunya-virus-disease-in-rhesus-macaques
#7
Rebecca Broeckel, Julie M Fox, Nicole Haese, Craig N Kreklywich, Soila Sukulpovi-Petty, Alfred Legasse, Patricia P Smith, Michael Denton, Carsten Corvey, Shiv Krishnan, Lois M A Colgin, Rebecca M Ducore, Anne D Lewis, Michael K Axthelm, Marie Mandron, Pierre Cortez, Jonathan Rothblatt, Ercole Rao, Ingo Focken, Kara Carter, Gopal Sapparapau, James E Crowe, Michael S Diamond, Daniel N Streblow
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus that causes a febrile syndrome in humans associated with acute and chronic debilitating joint and muscle pain. Currently no licensed vaccines or therapeutics are available to prevent or treat CHIKV infections. We recently isolated a panel of potently neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), one (4N12) of which exhibited prophylactic and post-exposure therapeutic activity against CHIKV in immunocompromised mice. Here, we describe the development of an engineered CHIKV mAb, designated SVIR001, that has similar antigen binding and neutralization profiles to its parent, 4N12...
June 19, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627356/aquatic-therapy-for-children-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-and-mixed-methods-process-evaluation
#8
Daniel Hind, James Parkin, Victoria Whitworth, Saleema Rex, Tracey Young, Lisa Hampson, Jennie Sheehan, Chin Maguire, Hannah Cantrill, Elaine Scott, Heather Epps, Marion Main, Michelle Geary, Heather McMurchie, Lindsey Pallant, Daniel Woods, Jennifer Freeman, Ellen Lee, Michelle Eagle, Tracey Willis, Francesco Muntoni, Peter Baxter
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a rare disease that causes the progressive loss of motor abilities such as walking. Standard treatment includes physiotherapy. No trial has evaluated whether or not adding aquatic therapy (AT) to land-based therapy (LBT) exercises helps to keep muscles strong and children independent. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of recruiting boys with DMD to a randomised trial evaluating AT (primary objective) and to collect data from them; to assess how, and how well, the intervention and trial procedures work...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623936/safety-and-potential-efficacy-of-gemfibrozil-as-a-supportive-treatment-for-children-with-late-infantile-neuronal-ceroid-lipofuscinosis-and-other-lipid-storage-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Kyeongsoon Kim, Hynda K Kleinman, Hahn-Jun Lee, Kalipada Pahan
Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (NCL), also known as Batten disease, is a group of genetically distinct lysosomal disorders that mainly affect the central nervous system, resulting in progressive motor and cognitive decline primarily in children. Multiple distinct genes involved in the metabolism of lipids have been identified to date with various mutations in this family of diseases. There is no cure for these diseases but some new therapeutic approaches have been tested that offer more hope than the standard palliative care...
June 17, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621277/botulinum-toxin-for-the-treatment-of-gummv-smile
#10
Afnan F Al-Fouzan, Lamia S Mokeem, Reem T Al-Saqat, Maisa A Alfalah, Mana A Alharbi, Abdullah E Al-Samary
AIM: The aim was to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin (Botox) injections as a conservative treatment for gummy smile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An experimental in vivo study was conducted at a dermatology clinic in Riyadh in January 2016. The study included 23 female patients who ranged from 20 to 50 years and were treated with Botox injections due to excessive maxillary gingival display. The patients with short clinical crowns or long maxilla, those who were pregnant or breastfeeding, and patients with neuromuscular disorders were excluded...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620795/levator-ani-defects-and-the-severity-of-symptoms-in-women-with-anterior-compartment-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#11
Sissel H Oversand, Anne C Staff, Leiv Sandvik, Ingrid Volløyhaug, Rune Svenningsen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of levator ani muscle (LAM) avulsions in a selected cohort of patients with primary anterior compartment pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and to assess whether LAM avulsions, as an independent factor, affect the degree of POP symptoms and sexual dysfunction. Additionally, clinical and demographic variables of women with and those without avulsions were compared. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort study including 197 women scheduled for anterior compartment POP surgery...
June 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616261/nerve-entrapment-as-a-cause-of-shoulder-pain-in-the-spinal-cord-injured-patient
#12
Catherine M Curtin, Carl-Goran Hagert, Claes Hultling, Elisabet Hagert
INTRODUCTION: Many people with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) develop shoulder pain, which can adversely impact transfers and independence. Yet effective treatments remain elusive. CASE PRESENTATION: This report presents two patients with tetraplegia who had long-standing shoulder pain. Our exam showed muscle weakness and point tenderness, suggestive of nerve entrapments of the radial and axillary nerves in the posterior shoulder. These nerves were surgically decompressed and post-operatively the patients' pain resolved...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616222/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-cause-of-postoperative-leg-pain-after-posterior-lumbar-fusion
#13
R Daureeawoo, S Baliga, W Mohahmed, E B Ahmed
We report the case of a 36-year old man who underwent elective posterior lumbar spinal fusion after presenting with bilateral leg pain with associated back pain. He had undergone a L5/S1 discectomy in 2001, which provided good symptomatic relief. On this admission, he underwent elective L4-S1 posterolateral fusion and bilateral L4/5 and L5/S1 decompression. Intra-operatively a pedicle screw had to be re-inserted after fluoroscopy confirmed a lateral breech. The patient had no major postoperative complications until the sixth day when the patient re-presented with acute leg pain and weakness...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605279/the-effect-of-shoulder-muscle-fatigue-on-acromiohumeral-distance-and-scapular-dyskinesis-in-women-with-generalized-joint-hypermobility
#14
Razie J Alibazi, Afsun Nodehi Moghadam, Ann M Cools, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Alireza Aziz Ahari
Muscle fatigue is considered to be one cause of shoulder pain, and subjects with generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) are affected more by shoulder pain. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of muscle fatigue on acromiohumeral distance (AHD) and scapular dyskinesis in women with GJH. Thirty-six asymptomatic participants were assigned to either a GJH (n=20) or control group (n=16) using the Beighton scale. Before and after elevation fatigue trials, AHD was measured with ultrasonography at rest and when the arm was in 90° active elevation...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605224/effect-of-a-cooling-kit-on-physiology-and-performance-following-exercise-in-the-heat
#15
Cody R Smith, Cory L Butts, J D Adams, Matthew A Tucker, Nicole E Moyen, Matthew S Ganio, Brendon P McDermott
CONTEXT: Exercising in the heat leads to an increase in body temperature that can increase the risk of heat illness or cause detriments in exercise performance. OBJECTIVE: To examine a phase change heat emergency kit (HEK) on thermoregulatory and perceptual responses, and subsequent exercise performance following exercise in the heat. DESIGN: Two randomized crossover trials which consisted of 30 minutes of exercise, 15 minutes of treatment (T1), performance testing (5-10-5 pro-agility test, 1500 m run), and another 15 minutes of treatment (T2) identical to T1...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603571/pes-anserinus-syndrome-caused-by-osteochondroma-in-paediatrics-a-case-series-study
#16
Akio Sakamoto, Shuichi Matsuda
INTRODUCTION: Osteochondroma is a common benign bone tumor, protruding from the underlying normal bone. Osteochondromas can cause pain depending on their location and size. The pes anserinus is located at the proximal medial side of the tibia, where the tendinous insertions of the sartorius, gracilis and semitendinosus muscles collectively attach. Pes anserinus syndrome, or anserine bursitis, is a painful condition of the pes anserinus, and is more common in adults typically with overweight females...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599013/thumb-rest-position-and-its-role-in-neuromuscular-control-of-the-clarinet-task
#17
Kathryn E Young, Sara A Winges
Musicians spend long hours of practice and performance to master their instrument. Clarinet players support their roughly 2-lb instrument on the right-hand thumb, which results in cumulative static loading of the arm. This posture in turn can cause discomfort and, in some cases, evolve into debilitating overuse injuries and pain throughout the right upper limb. Altering the thumb-rest position has been proposed as a way to alleviate this discomfort, although no quantitative research has been conducted on this issue...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598769/a-study-of-the-prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-surgeons-performing-minimally-invasive-surgery
#18
Maria C Gutierrez-Diez, Maria A Benito-Gonzalez, Ramon Sancibrian, Marco A Gandarillas-Gonzalez, Carlos Redondo-Figuero, Jose C Manuel-Palazuelos
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has shown significant benefits for patients and healthcare systems. However, due to the poor ergonomic adaptation of operating rooms and surgical instruments, most surgeons suffer from pain caused by musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). METHODS: A descriptive survey on MIS surgeons working on different surgical specialties has been carried out in Hospital Valdecilla (Spain). The aim is to determine the prevalence of MSDs by using a personal interview and the standardized Nordic questionnaire (SNQ)...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597323/stent-induced-flow-disturbances-in-the-ipsilateral-external-carotid-artery-following-internal-carotid-artery-stenting-a%C3%A2-temporary-cause-of-jaw-claudication
#19
Georgiana-Aura Giurgea, Markus Haumer, Irene Mlekusch, Schila Sabeti-Sandor, Petra Dick, Martin Schillinger, Erich Minar, Wolfgang Mlekusch
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that stenting of the internal carotid artery can immediately impede blood flow to the external carotid artery by either plaque shift or stent coverage of the ostium, and thereby cause ischemic symptoms like ipsilateral jaw claudication. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with high-grade asymptomatic stenosis of the internal carotid artery who underwent endovascular treatment were examined by ultrasound of the external carotid artery and performed an exercise test by chewing chewing gum synchronously to an electronic metronome for 3 min...
June 9, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593385/tailor-made-management-of-thoracic-scoliosis-with-cervical-hyperextension-in-muscular-dystrophy
#20
A Angelliaume, L Harper, A Lalioui, A Delgove, Y Lefèvre
PURPOSE: We report the case of a 13-year-old boy managed for fixed cervical hyperextension due to congenital muscular dystrophy with partial merosin deficiency. He presented a right decompensated thoracic scoliosis (T6-L1 Cobb angle 72°) associated with cervical and lumbar lordosis. The spinal extension was accompanied by major flexion of the hip resulting in the trunk being bent forward. This posture caused daily severe back pain responsible for significant loss of quality of life. This led to the decision to perform surgery...
June 7, 2017: European Spine Journal
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