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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779264/compliance-to-follow-up-and-adherence-to-medication-in-hypertensive-patients-in-an-urban-informal-settlement-in-kenya-comparison-of-three-models-of-care
#1
Ng'endo Kuria, Anthony Reid, Philip Owiti, Hannock Tweya, Caleb Kipkurui Kibet, Lilian Mbau, Marcel Manzi, Victor Murunga, Tecla Namusonge, Joseph Kibachio
OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare, among three models of care, compliance to scheduled clinic appointments and adherence to anti-hypertensive medication of patients in an informal settlement of Kibera, Kenya. METHODS: Routinely collected patient data were used from three health facilities, six walkway clinics and one weekend/church clinic. Patients were eligible if they had received hypertension care for more than six months. Compliance with clinic appointments and self-reported adherence to medication were determined from clinic records and compared using the Chi-square test...
May 19, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779226/phenotypic-characterization-of-enzymatic-activity-of-clinical-dermatophyte-isolates-from-animals-with-and-without-skin-lesions-and-humans
#2
Sebastian Gnat, Dominik Łagowski, Aneta Nowakiewicz, Przemysław Zięba
AIMS: The pathogenesis of dermatophytoses is associated with the secretion of enzymes degrading the infected tissue components. Although many studies on enzymatic activity of dermatophytes have been conducted over the years, there have been no concrete proposals on construction of the profile of enzymes characteristic of individual species, genus, or ecological types of dermatophytes. The aim of this study was to assess the capability of clinical dermatophyte isolates from both symptomatic and asymptomatic animals and humans to produce different enzymes...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779220/human-intrabony-defect-regeneration-with-micro-grafts-containing-dental-pulp-stem-cells-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Francesco Ferrarotti, Federica Romano, Mara Noemi Gamba, Andrea Quirico, Marta Giraudi, Martina Audagna, Mario Aimetti
AIM: The goal of this study was to evaluate if dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) delivered into intrabony defects in a collagen scaffold would enhance the clinical and radiographic parameters of periodontal regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 29 chronic periodontitis patients presenting one deep intrabony defect and requiring extraction of one vital tooth were consecutively enrolled. Defects were randomly assigned to test or control treatments which both consisted of the use of minimally invasive surgical technique...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779182/locator%C3%A2-versus-ceramic-electroplated-double-crown-attachments-a-prospective-study-on-the-intraindividual-comparison-of-implant-supported-mandibular-prostheses
#4
Silvia Brandt, Jan Brandt, Ali-Reza Ketabi, Hans-Christoph Lauer, Anna Kunzmann
OBJECTIVES: Implant-supported overdentures are an established dental treatment mode. The aim of this prospective study was and interindividual comparison of patient satisfaction with restorations retained by a prefabricated and thus inexpensive attachment system (Locator®) or with a technologically complex and thus expensive attachment system (ceramic/electroplated double crowns) with similar retentive performance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients received a Locator and a double-crown prosthesis in a crossover study for test periods of 3 months each...
May 19, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779162/beyond-social-desirability-bias-investigating-inconsistencies-in-self-reported-hiv-testing-and-treatment-behaviors-among-hiv-positive-adults-in-north-west-province-south-africa
#5
Alyssa C Mooney, Chadwick K Campbell, Mary-Jane Ratlhagana, Jessica S Grignon, Sipho Mazibuko, Emily Agnew, Hailey Gilmore, Scott Barnhart, Adrian Puren, Starley B Shade, Teri Liegler, Sheri A Lippman
This mixed-methods study used qualitative interviews to explore discrepancies between self-reported HIV care and treatment-related behaviors and the presence of antiretroviral medications (ARVs) in a population-based survey in South Africa. ARV analytes were identified among 18% of those reporting HIV-negative status and 18% of those reporting not being on ART. Among participants reporting diagnosis over a year prior, 19% reported multiple HIV tests in the past year. Qualitative results indicated that participant misunderstandings about their care and treatment played a substantial role in reporting inaccuracies...
May 19, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#6
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779092/neurodynamic-evaluation-and-nerve-conduction-studies-in-patients-with-forward-head-posture
#7
Tugba Ozudogru Celik, Burcu Duyur Cakit, Baris Nacir, Hakan Genc, Mehmet Onat Cakit, Aynur Karagoz
Forward head posture (FHP) is one of the most frequently seen problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the neurodynamic tests and peripheral nerve conductions of upper extremity in patients with FHP. The study population included 100 patients with upper extremity and neck problems and 34 healthy individuals as a control group. Craniovertebral angle measurement was used to determine forward head posture. Stretch tests for radial, ulnar and median nerves were performed. Nerve conductions of bilateral median, radial, ulnar and medial antebrachial cutaneous (MAC) nerves were examined in all patients included in the study...
May 19, 2018: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779020/acetaminophen-reduces-acute-and-persistent-incisional-pain-after-hysterectomy
#8
Onur Koyuncu, Sedat Hakimoglu, Mustafa Ugur, Cagla Akkurt, Selim Turhanoglu, Daniel Sessler, Alparslan Turan
OBJECTIVE: Acetaminophen is effective for acute surgical pain, but whether it reduces persistent incision pain remains unknown. We tested the primary hypothesis that patients given perioperative acetaminophen have less incisional pain three months after surgery. Our secondary hypotheses were that patients randomized to acetaminophen have less postoperative pain and analgesic consumption, and better functional recovery at three months. METHODS: 140 patients having abdominal hysterectomy were randomly assigned to: 1)intravenous acetaminophen (4 g/day for 72 postoperative hours); or, 2) saline placebo...
May 15, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779005/hbv-and-hcv-test-uptake-and-correlates-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-online-survey
#9
Thomas Fitzpatrick, Stephen W Pan, Weiming Tang, Wilson Guo, Joseph D Tucker
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) cause substantial morbidity and mortality in low-income and middle-income countries, including China. WHO guidelines recommend men who have sex with men (MSM) receive HBV and HCV screening. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of MSM in China who have HBV and HCV tested and identify correlates of test uptake. METHODS: We conducted an online cross-sectional survey of young MSM in China...
May 19, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778987/effect-of-ethanol-dissolved-rhodamine-b-marker-on-mechanical-properties-of-non-simplified-adhesives
#10
Camila Moreira Machado, Odair Bim Júnior, Marina Ciccone Giacomini, Márcia Sirlene Zardin Graeff, Fernanda Cristina Pimentel Garcia, Daniela Rios, Heitor Marques Honório, Linda Wang
OBJECTIVES: Rhodamine B (RB) is commonly used to evaluate dental polymers, including dental bonding systems (DBS). For reliability assessments, its effect should not only allow visualization of the dentin-polymer interface but also must not interfere with the bonding of the DBS to dentin as measured by the microtensile bond strength and hardness tests. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Flat human dentin surfaces were prepared and randomly distributed (n = 10) into six groups: Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (MP) or Clearfil SE Bond (SE) in concentrations of none/control, 0...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778957/how-can-we-value-an-environmental-asset-that-very-few-have-visited-or-heard-of-lessons-learned-from-applying-contingent-and-inferred-valuation-in-an-australian-wetlands-case-study
#11
Daniel Gregg, Sarah Ann Wheeler
To date, the majority of environmental assets studied in the economic valuation literature clearly have high amenity and recreational use values. However there are many cases where small, but nevertheless unique and important, ecosystems survive as islands amongst large areas of modified, productive, or urban, landscapes. Development encroaches on the landscape and as urban landscapes become more concentrated these types of conservation islands will become increasingly more important. Previous experience with economic valuation suggests that lower total values for smaller contributions to conservation are more liable to be swamped by survey and hypothetical bias measures...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778953/multipath-fabrication-of-hierarchical-cual-layered-double-hydroxide-carbon-fiber-composites-for-the-degradation-of-ammonia-nitrogen
#12
Xiaoming Peng, Min Wang, Fengping Hu, Fengxian Qiu, Tao Zhang, Hongling Dai, Zan Cao
In this work, a series of flower-like CuAl layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and hierarchical CuAl/carbon fiber-LDH (CuAl/CF-LDH) materials were synthesized, and these materials were used as catalysts for the degradation of ammonia nitrogen from simulated wastewater. The morphologies and structures of the materials were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy (RS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) technique...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778950/efficacy-of-educational-intervention-to-improve-awareness-of-the-importance-of-iodine-use-of-iodized-salt-and-dietary-iodine-intake-in-northeastern-italian-schoolchildren
#13
Sara Watutantrige-Fernando, Susi Barollo, Loris Bertazza, Elisabetta Cavedon, Simona Censi, Jacopo Manso, Federica Vianello, Caterina Mian
OBJECTIVE: An educational program was conducted among school-aged children to improve their knowledge about iodine prophylaxis, their iodine status, and their dietary habits. METHODS: At the baseline (T0) and after 6 mo (T1), participants (970 at T0 and 949 at T1) answered questionnaires testing their knowledge about iodine prophylaxis and their eating habits. Urine samples were collected from a randomly selected subgroup of participants (313 at T0 and 312 at T1)...
March 23, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778790/applicability-of-integrated-cell-culture-reverse-transcriptase-quantitative-pcr-icc-rtqpcr-for-the-simultaneous-detection-of-the-four-human-enteric-enterovirus-species-in-disinfection-studies
#14
Hodon Ryu, Karen A Schrantz, Nichole E Brinkman, Laura A Boczek
A newly developed integrated cell culture reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR (ICC-RTqPCR) method and its applicability in UV disinfection studies is described. This method utilizes a cell culture system coupled with four RTqPCR assays to detect four species of human enterovirus (e.g., Enterovirus A, Enterovirus B, Enterovirus C and Enterovirus D). Evaluation of the RTqPCR assays was conducted with coxsackievirus A10, echovirus 30, poliovirus 1 and enterovirus 70 and resulted in 100% specificity for the tested assays...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778775/prenatal-exposures-to-tobacco-and-cannabis-associations-with-adult-electronic-cigarette-use
#15
Natacha M De Genna, Gale A Richardson, Lidush Goldschmidt, Nancy L Day, Marie D Cornelius
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal exposures to tobacco and cannabis are associated with combustible cigarette use. This study evaluated pathways from these prenatal exposures to adult electronic cigarette use. We tested whether there were indirect effects of these prenatal exposures via childhood behavior dysregulation, early tobacco use, and adolescent tobacco dependence. METHODS: Telephone interviews were conducted with 427 adult offspring (22-33 years old) from 3 prenatal cohorts with trimester-specific data on exposures to tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis...
May 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778762/object-spatial-and-social-recognition-testing-in-a-single-test-paradigm
#16
Bin Lian, Jun Gao, Nan Sui, Tingyong Feng, Ming Li
Animals have the ability to process information about an object or a conspecific's physical features and location, and alter its behavior when such information is updated. In the laboratory, the object, spatial and social recognition are often studied in separate tasks, making them unsuitable to study the potential dissociations and interactions among various types of recognition memories. The present study introduced a single paradigm to detect the object and spatial recognition, and social recognition of a familiar and novel conspecific...
May 17, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778756/nurses-knowledge-attitudes-and-clinical-practice-in-pediatric-postoperative-pain-management
#17
Anja Hetland Smeland, Alison Twycross, Stefan Lundeberg, Tone Rustøen
Despite readily available evidence to guide practice, children continue to experience moderate to severe pain in hospital postoperatively. Reasons for this may include attitudes of nurses toward pain management and their lack of knowledge in key areas. To identify nurses' knowledge and clinical practice of pediatric postoperative pain management and whether there is a link between knowledge and practice. A descriptive cross-sectional study including a questionnaire and observations was conducted in postanesthesia care (recovery) units in six university hospitals in Norway...
May 16, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778712/validation-reliability-and-specificity-of-clinicom%C3%A2-psychiatric-assessment-software
#18
Nelson Handal, James LePage, Philip Dayley, Barbara Baldwin, Amellia Roeser, Joni Kay, Heather Ann Theobald, Michael Nellamattathil, Scott Drotar, Connor Weir, Neil Tindell, Kevin Tice
The purpose of this study was to determine the specificity and reproducibility of CliniCom™ Psychiatric Assessment Software to appropriately diagnose five prevalent mental health disorders. This online assessment tool incorporates proprietary algorithms for its propensity assessment. Unlike other questionnaires, which require a survey per specific mental disorder, CliniCom can simultaneously assess multiple mental disorders for an individual. CliniCom was concordant with other commonly used assessment tools in diagnosing five prevalent disorders including: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and Social Phobia...
May 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778656/laxity-and-contact-forces-of-total-knee-designed-for-anatomic-motion-a-cadaveric-study
#19
Gaia Salvadore, Patrick A Meere, Matthias A Verstraete, Jan Victor, Peter S Walker
BACKGROUND: Total knee designs that attempt to reproduce more physiological knee kinematics are gaining attention given their possible improvement in functional outcomes. This study examined if a total knee designed for anatomic motion, where the soft tissue balancing was intended to replicate anatomical tibiofemoral contact forces, can more closely reproduce the laxity of the native knee. METHODS: In an ex-vivo setting, the laxity envelope of the knees from nine lower extremity specimens was measured using a rig that reproduced surgical conditions...
May 16, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778653/survival-and-phosphate-solubilisation-activity-of-desiccated-formulations-of-penicillium-bilaiae-and-aspergillus-niger-influenced-by-water-activity
#20
Nelly Sophie Raymond, Dorette Müller Stöver, Lars Stoumann Jensen, Sebastian Håkansson
The impact of formulation and desiccation on the shelf life of phosphate (P)-solubilising microorganisms is often under-studied, particularly relating to their ability to recover P-solubilisation activity. Here, Penicilllium bilaiae and Aspergillus niger were formulated on vermiculite (V) alone, or with the addition of protectants (skimmed milk (V + SM) and trehalose (V + T)), and on sewage sludge ash with (A + N) and without nutrients (A), and dried in a convective air dryer. After drying, the spore viability of P...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
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