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Artemisia absinthium

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630101/artemisia-absinthium-borne-compounds-as-novel-larvicides-effectiveness-against-six-mosquito-vectors-and-acute-toxicity-on-non-target-aquatic-organisms
#1
Marimuthu Govindarajan, Giovanni Benelli
The eco-friendly control of mosquito vectors is a crucial challenge of public health importance. Here we evaluated the larvicidal potential of Artemisia absinthium essential oil (EO) and its three major chemical constituents against six mosquito vectors: Anopheles stephensi, Anopheles subpictus, Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, Culex quinquefasciatus, and Culex tritaeniorhynchus. The EO was obtained by leaf hydro-distillation. Its chemical composition was analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
September 15, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607516/evaluation-of-dna-barcode-candidates-for-the-discrimination-of-artemisia-l
#2
Geyu Liu, Huixia Ning, Nurbolati Ayidaerhan, Haji Akber Aisa
Because of the very similar morphologies and wide diversity of Artemisia L. varieties, they are difficult to identify, and there have been many arguments about the systematic classification Artemisia L., especially concerning the division of species. DNA barcode technology is used to rapidly identify species based on standard short DNA sequences. To evaluate seven candidate DNA barcodes (ITS, ITS2, psbA-trnH, rbcL, matK, rpoB, and rpoC1) regarding their ability to identify closely related species of the Artemisia genus in Xinjiang...
September 8, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605775/in-vitro-efficacy-of-ethanolic-extract-of-artemisia-absinthium-asteraceae-against-leishmania-major-l-using-cell-sensitivity-and-flow-cytometry-assays
#3
Kourosh Azizi, Fatemeh Shahidi-Hakak, Qasem Asgari, Gholam Reza Hatam, Mohammad Reza Fakoorziba, Ramin Miri, Mohammad Djaefar Moemenbellah-Fard
Leishmaniasis is one of the most neglected human diseases with an estimated global burden ranking second in mortality and fourth in morbidity among the tropical infections. Chemotherapy involving the use of drugs like glucantime is the mainstay treatment in endemic areas of Iran. Drug resistance is increasingly prevalent, so search for alternative therapy is gathering pace. Medicinal herbs, like wormwood Artemisia, have chemical compounds effective against a number of pathogens. In this study, the efficacy of ethanol extract from Artemisia absinthium (Asteraceae) against Leishmania major L...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515537/sucrose-enhanced-biosynthesis-of-medicinally-important-antioxidant-secondary-metabolites-in-cell-suspension-cultures-of-artemisia-absinthium-l
#4
Mohammad Ali, Bilal Haider Abbasi, Nisar Ahmad, Syed Shujait Ali, Shahid Ali, Gul Shad Ali
Natural products are gaining tremendous importance in pharmaceutical industry and attention has been focused on the applications of in vitro technologies to enhance yield and productivity of such products. In this study, we investigated the accumulation of biomass and antioxidant secondary metabolites in response to different carbohydrate sources (sucrose, maltose, fructose and glucose) and sucrose concentrations (1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 %). Moreover, the effects of 3 % repeated sucrose feeding (day-12, -18 and -24) were also investigated...
December 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451252/a-new-chemical-tool-for-absinthe-producers-quantification-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-thujone-and-the-bitter-components-in-artemisia-absinthium
#5
Benoit Bach, Marilyn Cleroux, Mayra Saillen, Patrik Schönenberger, Stephane Burgos, Julien Ducruet, Armelle Vallat
The concentrations of α/β-thujone and the bitter components of Artemisia absinthium were quantified from alcoholic wormwood extracts during four phenological stages of their harvest period. A solid-phase micro-extraction method coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to determine the concentration of the two isomeric forms of thujone. In parallel, the combination of ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography and high resolution mass spectrometry allowed to quantify the compounds absinthin, artemisetin and dihydro-epi-deoxyarteannuin B...
December 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413312/anticoccidial-effects-of-herbal-extracts-on-eimeria-tenella-infection-in-broiler-chickens-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study
#6
Hasan Habibi, Sobhan Firouzi, Hasan Nili, Mostafa Razavi, Seyedeh Leili Asadi, Sajad Daneshi
Safe alternative anticoccidial drug to chemical feed additives are herbal extracts, because they don't results to tissue residue and drug resistance. In order to evaluate the effects of herbal extracts to control avian coccidiosis, 180 one-day-old broiler chickens were randomly divided into nine equal groups, as follows: (1) Biarum bovei (2) Nectaroscordum tripedale( 3) Dorema aucheri (4) Cichorium intybus (5) Prangos ferulaceae (6) diclazuril (7) Artemisia absinthium (8) infected control (9) uninfected control (each contains two groups)...
June 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340330/flowering-phenology-and-potential-pollen-emission-of-three-artemisia-species-in-relation-to-airborne-pollen-data-in-pozna%C3%A5-western-poland
#7
Paweł Bogawski, Łukasz Grewling, Agata Frątczak
Artemisia pollen is an important allergen in Europe. In Poznań (Western Poland), three Artemisia species, A. vulgaris, A. campestris and A. absinthium, are widely distributed. However, the contributions of these species to the total airborne pollen are unknown. The aim of the study was to determine the flowering phenology and pollen production of the three abovementioned species and to construct a model of potential Artemisia pollen emission in the study area. Phenological observations were conducted in 2012 at six sites in Poznań using a BBCH phenological scale...
2016: Aerobiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313817/artemisia-absinthium-burning-plant
#8
Najia Ilham El Makrini, Badredine Hassam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273626/functional-analysis-of-amorpha-4-11-diene-synthase-ads-homologs-from-non-artemisinin-producing-artemisia-species-the-discovery-of-novel-koidzumiol-and-%C3%AE-bisabolol-synthases
#9
Paskorn Muangphrom, Hikaru Seki, Munenori Suzuki, Aya Komori, Mika Nishiwaki, Ryota Mikawa, Ery Odette Fukushima, Toshiya Muranaka
The production of artemisinin, the most effective antimalarial compound, is limited to Artemisia annua. Enzymes involved in artemisinin biosynthesis include amorpha-4,11-diene synthase (ADS), amorpha-4,11-diene 12-monooxygenase (CYP71AV1) and artemisinic aldehyde Δ(11)13 reductase (DBR2). Although artemisinin and its specific intermediates are not detected in other Artemisia species, we reported previously that CYP71AV1 and DBR2 homologs were expressed in some non-artemisinin-producing Artemisia plants. These homologous enzymes showed similar functions to their counterparts in A...
August 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186389/an-evidence-based-review-on-medicinal-plants-used-as-insecticide-and-insect-repellent-in-traditional-iranian-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Mina Cheraghi Niroumand, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Elahe Karimpour Razkenari, Gholamreza Amin, Mahnaz Khanavi, Tahmineh Akbarzadeh, Mohammad Reza Shams-Ardekani
CONTEXT: Insects can be the cause of major ecological problems; they can transmit microbes and parasites that affect humans, and damage food crops, trees, and homes. The total economic cost of insect-related damage and disease is immeasurable. In traditional Iranian medicine (TIM), several medicinal plants have been identified as insecticides or insect repellents, but many of them are still unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to review the insecticidal or insect repellent activity of certain medicinal plants described in TIM...
February 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27033043/prenatal-heat-stress-reduces-male-anogenital-distance-at-birth-and-adult-testis-size-which-are-rescued-by-concurrent-maternal-artemisia-absinthium-consumption
#11
A T Desaulniers, W R Lamberson, T J Safranski
Boars from sows with elevated plasma cortisol during pregnancy have shorter anogenital distance (AGD), a trait associated with subfertility. Since gestating sows often experience summer heat stress (HS), a mouse model was used to evaluate the effect of prenatal HS on AGD and fertility; efficacy of the heat stress-mitigating supplement Artemisia absinthium (AB) was also evaluated. Dams were treated from d 8-18 of gestation, residing in ambient temperatures from 0700 to 1900h. From 1900 to 0700h females were exposed to 34...
April 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27005506/protection-of-dna-during-oxidative-stress-and-cytotoxic-potential-of-artemisia-absinthium
#12
Abid Ali, Khalilur Rahman, Nazish Jahan, Amer Jamil, Abid Rashid, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah
Medicinal plants are rich in secondary metabolites (alkoloids, glycosides, coumarins, flavonides, steroids, etc.) and considered to be more effective and a safer alternative source to manage a variety of diseases related to liver, heart and kidney disordered. This study determines in vitro antioxidant and in vivo toxicological profile including hemolytic, brine shrimp lethality and mutagenicity of aerial parts of Artemisia absinthium. DNA protection assay was performed on pUC19 plasmid vector using H(2)O(2) as oxidative agent...
January 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26891001/comparative-study-of-composition-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-essential-oils-of-selected-aromatic-plants-from-balkan-peninsula
#13
Nemanja Stanković, Tatjana Mihajilov-Krstev, Bojan Zlatković, Jelena Matejić, Vesna Stankov Jovanović, Branislava Kocić, Ljiljana Čomić
The objective of the present study to perform a comparative analysis of the chemical composition, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of plant species Hyssopus officinalis, Achillea grandifolia, Achillea crithmifolia, Tanacetum parthenium, Laserpitium latifolium, and Artemisia absinthium from Balkan Peninsula. The chemical analysis of essential oils was performed by using gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Monoterpenes were dominant among the recorded components, with camphor in T...
May 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26857000/to-what-extent-are-medicinal-plants-shared-between-country-home-gardens-and-urban-ones-a-case-study-from-misiones-argentina
#14
Violeta Furlan, Monika Kujawska, Norma Ines Hilgert, María Lelia Pochettino
Context Worldwide ethnobotanical research has shown the importance of home gardens as sources of medicinal plants. These resources are worthy of further study in the Argentinean Atlantic Forest due to the richness of medicinal flora and their importance for local people. Objective We studied richness, composition, cultural importance and medicinal uses of plants in home gardens of rural, semirural and urban areas in the Iguazú Department (Misiones, Argentina). Our hypothesis claims that people living in different environments have a similar array of medicinal plants in their gardens and they use them in a similar way...
September 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26478321/green-synthesis-and-characterization-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-artemisia-absinthium-aqueous-extract-a-comprehensive-study
#15
Mohammad Ali, Bosung Kim, Kevin D Belfield, David Norman, Mary Brennan, Gul Shad Ali
Unlike chemical synthesis, biological synthesis of nanoparticles is gaining tremendous interest, and plant extracts are preferred over other biological sources due to their ample availability and wide array of reducing metabolites. In this project, we investigated the reducing potential of aqueous extract of Artemisia absinthium L. for synthesizing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). Optimal synthesis of AgNPs with desirable physical and biological properties was investigated using ultra violet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX)...
January 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26455476/caruifolin-d-from-artemisia-absinthium-l-inhibits-neuroinflammation-via-reactive-oxygen-species-dependent-c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-and-protein-kinase-c-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathways
#16
Ke-Wu Zeng, Li-Xi Liao, Xiao-Min Song, Hai-Ning Lv, Fang-Jiao Song, Qian Yu, Xin Dong, Yong Jiang, Peng-Fei Tu
This work aims to evaluate the anti-neuroinflammatory effects of natural sesquiterpene dimer caruifolin D from Artemisia absinthium L., which is an edible vegetable or traditional medicinal food in East Asia due to its sedation, anti-asthma and antipruritic effects. In this study, we reported that caruifolin D significantly inhibited the productions of various neuroinflammatory mediators from microglia in response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide stimulation. Moreover, anti-inflammatory mechanism study showed that caruifolin D markedly suppressed the production of intracellular reactive oxygen species, which was an important player involved in neuroinflammation, leading to inhibitory effects on the activations of protein kinase C (PKC) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), which were two major neuroinflammatory signaling pathways in the brains...
November 15, 2015: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26444350/selective-nematocidal-effects-of-essential-oils-from-two-cultivated-artemisia-absinthium-populations
#17
Juan José García-Rodríguez, María-Fé Andrés, Alexandra Ibañez-Escribano, Luis F Julio, Jesús Burillo, Francisco Bolás-Fernández, Azucena González-Coloma
Essential oils (EOs) obtained from two crops and populations of thujone-free cultivated Artemisia absinthium were tested against two nematode models, the mammalian parasite Trichinella spiralis, and the plant parasitic root knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica. The EOs were characterized by the presence of (Z)-epoxyocimene and chrysanthenol as major components and showed time and population dependent quantitative and qualitative variations in composition. The EOs showed a strong ex vivo activity against the L1 larvae of the nematode Trichinella spiralis with a reduction of infectivity between 72 and 100% at a dose range of 0...
September 1, 2015: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265576/-chemotaxonomic-implications-of-postharvest-storage-induced-changes-in-plant-volatile-profiles-the-case-of-artemisia-absinthium-l-essential-oil
#18
Polina D Blagojević, Niko S Radulović, Danielle Skropeta
The plant volatile profile and the essential-oil chemical composition change during the storage of plant material. The objective of this study was to develop a mathematical model able to predict, explain, and quantify these changes. Mathematical equations, derived under the assumption that the essential oil contained within plant material could be treated as an ideal solution (Raoult's law), were applied for tracking of postharvest changes in the volatile profile of Artemisia absinthium L. (the essential oils were analyzed by GC-FID and GC/MS)...
August 2015: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26107187/trypanocidal-trichomonacidal-and-cytotoxic-components-of-cultivated-artemisia-absinthium-linnaeus-asteraceae-essential-oil
#19
Rafael Alberto Martínez-Díaz, Alexandra Ibáñez-Escribano, Jesús Burillo, Lorena de Las Heras, Gema Del Prado, M Teresa Agulló-Ortuño, Luis F Julio, Azucena González-Coloma
Artemisia absinthium is an aromatic and medicinal plant of ethnopharmacological interest and it has been widely studied. The use ofA. absinthium based on the collection of wild populations can result in variable compositions of the extracts and essential oils (EOs). The aim of this paper is the identification of the active components of the vapour pressure (VP) EO from a selected and cultivated A. absinthium Spanish population (T2-11) against two parasitic protozoa with different metabolic pathways: Trypanosoma cruzi and Trichomonas vaginalis...
August 2015: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26074998/bitters-time-for-a-new-paradigm
#20
REVIEW
Michael K McMullen, Julie M Whitehouse, Anthony Towell
In plant-based medical systems, bitter tasting plants play a key role in managing dyspepsia. Yet when it comes to defining their mechanism of activity, herbalists and pharmacologists are split between two theories: one involves cephalic elicited vagal responses while the other comprises purely local responses. Recent studies indicate that bitters elicit a range of cephalic responses which alter postprandial gastric phase haemodynamics. Caffeine and regular coffee (Coffea arabica semen, L.) increase heart rate whereas gentian (Gentiana lutea radix, L...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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