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Artemisia absinthium

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332022/comparative-antitussive-effects-of-medicinal-plants-and-their-constituents
#1
Saeideh Saadat, Farzaneh Shakeri, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady
Context • The cough is a protective reflex, with 2 types, one being more sensitive to mechanical stimulation and the other to chemical stimulation, such as sulfur dioxide, ammonia, citric acid, and capsaicin. Some evidence is available that suppressant therapy is most effective when used for the short-term reduction of coughing. Today, use of herbal drugs is increasing all over the world for various ailments, including to provide antitussive activity. Objective • The study intended to review the antitussive effects of various extracts, some fractions, and some constituents of the studied medicinal plants...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184260/topical-effects-of-artemisia-absinthium-ointment-and-liniment-in-comparison-with-piroxicam-gel-in-patients-with-knee-joint-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#2
Zahra Basiri, Fatemeh Zeraati, Farzaneh Esna-Ashari, Farshid Mohammadi, Keyvan Razzaghi, Malihe Araghchian, Shirin Moradkhani
Background: Pain alleviation and improvement of functional status are the main objectives in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Artemisia absinthium (AA) was used traditionally in reducing pain and inflammation. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of topical formulations of AA and piroxicam gel (PG) among patients with knee osteoarthritis. Methods: In total, 90 outpatients aged 30-70 years with the diagnosis of primary osteoarthritis in at least one knee were enrolled in a randomized double-blind clinical trial...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065850/evaluation-of-antioxidant-capacity-and-phenolic-content-in-ethanolic-extracts-of-leaves-and-flowers-of-some-asteraceae-species
#3
Donia Anvari, Rashid Jamei
BACKGROUND: Medicinal plants contain large amount of natural antioxidant compounds, which enable them to neutralize free radicals. Asteraceae family is important source of phytochemical compounds. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research is to find out the antioxidant potential and radical scavenging from leaf and flowers of five species (Artemisia absinthium L., Arctium lappa L., Silybum marianum L., Centaurea cyanus L. and Echinops ritro L.) of the Asteraceae family...
October 23, 2017: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064437/the-assessment-of-toxic-metals-in-plants-used-in-cosmetics-and-cosmetology
#4
Agnieszka Fischer, Barbara Brodziak-Dopierała, Krzysztof Loska, Jerzy Stojko
Heavy metals polluting the natural environment are absorbed by plants. The use of herbs as components of cosmetics may pose a health risk for humans. The aim of the study was to determine the concentrations of Pb, Cd and Hg in selected species of herbs (horsetail Equisetum arvense, nettle Urtica dioica, St. John's wort Hypericum perforatum, wormwood Artemisia absinthium, yarrow Achillea millefolium, cottonwood Solidago virgaurea) self-collected from the natural environment in two different locations, and purchased in stores on the territory of Poland...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930253/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-essential-oil-from-artemisia-absinthium-l-formulated-in-nanocochleates-against-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#5
Beatriz Tamargo, Lianet Monzote, Abel Piñón, Laura Machín, Marley García, Ramón Scull, William N Setzer
Background: Leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease caused by protozoan parasites from Leishmania genus. Currently, there are no effective vaccines available and the available therapies are far from ideal. In particular, the development of new therapeutic strategies to reduce the infection caused by Leishmania amazonensis could be considered desirable. Different plant-derived products have demonstrated antileishmanial activity, including the essential oil (EO) from Artemisia absinthium L. (EO-Aa), Asteraceae. Methods: In the present study, the EO-Aa formulated in nanocochleates (EO-Aa-NC) was investigated in vitro against intracellular amastigotes of L...
June 9, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840973/absolute-configuration-of-the-ocimene-monoterpenoids-from-artemisia-absinthium
#6
Luis F Julio, Eleuterio Burgueño-Tapia, Carmen E Díaz, Nury Pérez-Hernández, Azucena González-Coloma, Pedro Joseph-Nathan
The absolute configuration (AC) of the naturally occurring ocimenes (-)-(3S,5Z)-2,6-dimethyl-2,3-epoxyocta-5,7-diene (1) and (-)-(3S,5Z)-2,6-dimethylocta-5,7-dien-2,3-diol (2), isolated from the essential oils of domesticated specimens of Artemisia absinthium, followed by vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) studies of 1, as well as from the acetonide 3 and the monoacetate 4, both derived from 2, since secondary alcohols are not the best functional groups to be present during VCD studies in solution due to intermolecular associations...
August 25, 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606189/therapeutic-efficacy-of-artemisia-absinthium-against-hymenolepis-nana-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies-in-comparison-with-the-anthelmintic-praziquantel
#7
E V N Beshay
Hymenolepis nana is a common intestinal tapeworm that affects humans. Drugs are available for the treatment of this infection, including praziquantel (PZQ), nitazoxanide and niclosamide. Although the drug of choice is praziquantel, due to its high cure rates, indicators of the development of PZQ resistance by different parasites have begun to appear over recent decades. Therefore, this study was a trial to find an alternative to PZQ by assessing the activity of the crude aqueous extract of the medicinal herb Artemisia absinthium against H...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560643/in-vitro-seed-germination-and-biochemical-profiling-of-artemisia-absinthium-exposed-to-various-metallic-nanoparticles
#8
Mubashir Hussain, Naveed Iqbal Raja, Zia-Ur-Rehman Mashwani, Muhammad Iqbal, Sidra Sabir, Farhat Yasmeen
In the recent years, nanotechnology has attained much attention in the every field of science. The synthesis, characterisation and applications of metallic nanoparticles (MNPs) have become an important branch of nanotechnology. In the current study, MNPs were synthesised through polyols process and applied in vitro to study their effect on medicinally important plant : Artemisia absinthium. The current study strives to check the effect of MNPs, i.e., Ag, Cu and Au on seed germination, root and shoot length, seedling vigour index (SVI) and biochemical profiling in A...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551901/-the-role-of-the-plant-artemisia-in-survival-and-induction-of-apoptosis-of-b-cells-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-cll
#9
Vita Mirkin, Alain Berrebi, Igor Rakhman, Michal Haran, Lev Shvidel
BACKGROUND: The cytotoxic effect of plants such as green tea and turmeric (curcumin) on B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells has been established. The plant Artemisia has been used in China for anti-cancer and anti-malaria applications. In Israel, Artemisia absinthium ("the Chiba") is used to release abdominal pain. In attempts to evaluate the cytotoxic effect of this plant in CLL cells, we prepared a decoction of Artemisia leaves and after filtration used it as an inducer of apoptosis of B CLL cells...
February 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472675/toxic-essential-oils-part-v-behaviour-modulating-and-toxic-properties-of-thujones-and-thujone-containing-essential-oils-of-salvia-officinalis-l-artemisia-absinthium-l-thuja-occidentalis-l-and-tanacetum-vulgare-l
#10
Niko S Radulović, Marija S Genčić, Nikola M Stojanović, Pavle J Randjelović, Zorica Z Stojanović-Radić, Nenad I Stojiljković
Neurotoxic thujones (α- and β-diastereoisomers) are common constituents of plant essential oils. In this study, we employed a statistical approach to determine the contribution of thujones to the overall observed behaviour-modulating and toxic effects of essential oils (Salvia officinalis L., Artemisia absinthium L., Thuja occidentalis L. and Tanacetum vulgare L.) containing these monoterpene ketones. The data from three in vivo neuropharmacological tests on rats (open field, light-dark, and diazepam-induced sleep), and toxicity assays (brine shrimp, and antimicrobial activity against a panel of microorganisms), together with the data from detailed chemical analyses, were subjected to a multivariate statistical treatment to reveal the possible correlation(s) between the content of essential-oil constituents and the observed effects...
July 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392893/traditional-persian-topical-medications-for-gastrointestinal-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Laleh Dehghani Tafti, Seyyed Mahyar Shariatpanahi, Mahmoud Mahdavi Damghani, Behjat Javadi
Drug delivery across the skin is used for several millennia to ease gastrointestinal (GI) ailments in Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM). TPM topical remedies are generally being applied on the stomach, lower abdomen, lower back and liver to alleviate GI illnesses such as dyspepsia, gastritis, GI ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease, intestinal worms and infections. The aim of the present study is to survey the topical GI remedies and plant species used as ingredients for these remedies in TPM. In addition, pharmacological activities of the mentioned plants have been discussed...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301522/quantification-of-santonin-in-eight-species-of-artemisia-from-kazakhstan-by-means-of-hplc-uv-method-development-and-validation
#12
Zuriyadda Sakipova, Nikki Siu Hai Wong, Tolkyn Bekezhanova, Sadykova, Alma Shukirbekova, Fabio Boylan
Santonin, a powerful anthelmintic drug that was formely used to treat worms, is Artemisia cina's main constituent. However, due to its toxicity to humans, it is no longer in use. Kazakhstan is looking to introduce this plant as an anthelmintic drug for veterinary purposes, despite the known toxic properties of the santonin. The objective of this study was to develop a fast and specific method for the identification of santonin and its precise quantitation using HPLC-UV in order to avoid unnecessary intoxication, which is paramount for the development of veterinary medicines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049347/strategies-to-enhance-biologically-active-secondary-metabolites-in-cell-cultures-of-artemisia-current-trends
#13
REVIEW
Mohammad Ali, Bilal Haider Abbasi, Nisar Ahmad, Haji Khan, Gul Shad Ali
The genus Artemisia has been utilized worldwide due to its immense potential for protection against various diseases, especially malaria. Artemisia absinthium, previously renowned for its utilization in the popular beverage absinthe, is gaining resurgence due to its extensive pharmacological activities. Like A. annua, this species exhibits strong biological activities like antimalarial, anticancer and antioxidant. Although artemisinin was found to be the major metabolite for its antimalarial effects, several flavonoids and terpenoids are considered to possess biological activities when used alone and also to synergistically boost the bioavailability of artemisinin...
November 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975546/quantitative-and-qualitative-variation-of-volatile-oil-in-artemisia-annua-and-a-absinthium-species-from-wild-populations-in-republic-of-moldova
#14
C P Stefanache, A Spac, O C Bujor, D Danila, N Ciocarlan, C Carlen, X Simonnet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630101/artemisia-absinthium-borne-compounds-as-novel-larvicides-effectiveness-against-six-mosquito-vectors-and-acute-toxicity-on-non-target-aquatic-organisms
#15
Marimuthu Govindarajan, Giovanni Benelli
The eco-friendly control of mosquito vectors is a crucial challenge of public health importance. Here we evaluated the larvicidal potential of Artemisia absinthium essential oil (EO) and its three major chemical constituents against six mosquito vectors: Anopheles stephensi, Anopheles subpictus, Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, Culex quinquefasciatus, and Culex tritaeniorhynchus. The EO was obtained by leaf hydro-distillation. Its chemical composition was analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
December 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607516/evaluation-of-dna-barcode-candidates-for-the-discrimination-of-artemisia-l
#16
Geyu Liu, Huixia Ning, Nurbolati Ayidaerhan, Haji Akber Aisa
Because of the very similar morphologies and wide diversity of Artemisia L. varieties, they are difficult to identify, and there have been many arguments about the systematic classification Artemisia L., especially concerning the division of species. DNA barcode technology is used to rapidly identify species based on standard short DNA sequences. To evaluate seven candidate DNA barcodes (ITS, ITS2, psbA-trnH, rbcL, matK, rpoB, and rpoC1) regarding their ability to identify closely related species of the Artemisia genus in Xinjiang...
September 8, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605775/in-vitro-efficacy-of-ethanolic-extract-of-artemisia-absinthium-asteraceae-against-leishmania-major-l-using-cell-sensitivity-and-flow-cytometry-assays
#17
Kourosh Azizi, Fatemeh Shahidi-Hakak, Qasem Asgari, Gholam Reza Hatam, Mohammad Reza Fakoorziba, Ramin Miri, Mohammad Djaefar Moemenbellah-Fard
Leishmaniasis is one of the most neglected human diseases with an estimated global burden ranking second in mortality and fourth in morbidity among the tropical infections. Chemotherapy involving the use of drugs like glucantime is the mainstay treatment in endemic areas of Iran. Drug resistance is increasingly prevalent, so search for alternative therapy is gathering pace. Medicinal herbs, like wormwood Artemisia, have chemical compounds effective against a number of pathogens. In this study, the efficacy of ethanol extract from Artemisia absinthium (Asteraceae) against Leishmania major L...
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515537/sucrose-enhanced-biosynthesis-of-medicinally-important-antioxidant-secondary-metabolites-in-cell-suspension-cultures-of-artemisia-absinthium-l
#18
Mohammad Ali, Bilal Haider Abbasi, Nisar Ahmad, Syed Shujait Ali, Shahid Ali, Gul Shad Ali
Natural products are gaining tremendous importance in pharmaceutical industry and attention has been focused on the applications of in vitro technologies to enhance yield and productivity of such products. In this study, we investigated the accumulation of biomass and antioxidant secondary metabolites in response to different carbohydrate sources (sucrose, maltose, fructose and glucose) and sucrose concentrations (1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 %). Moreover, the effects of 3 % repeated sucrose feeding (day-12, -18 and -24) were also investigated...
December 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451252/a-new-chemical-tool-for-absinthe-producers-quantification-of-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-thujone-and-the-bitter-components-in-artemisia-absinthium
#19
Benoit Bach, Marilyn Cleroux, Mayra Saillen, Patrik Schönenberger, Stephane Burgos, Julien Ducruet, Armelle Vallat
The concentrations of α/β-thujone and the bitter components of Artemisia absinthium were quantified from alcoholic wormwood extracts during four phenological stages of their harvest period. A solid-phase micro-extraction method coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to determine the concentration of the two isomeric forms of thujone. In parallel, the combination of ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography and high resolution mass spectrometry allowed to quantify the compounds absinthin, artemisetin and dihydro-epi-deoxyarteannuin B...
December 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413312/anticoccidial-effects-of-herbal-extracts-on-eimeria-tenella-infection-in-broiler-chickens-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-study
#20
Hasan Habibi, Sobhan Firouzi, Hasan Nili, Mostafa Razavi, Seyedeh Leili Asadi, Sajad Daneshi
Safe alternative anticoccidial drug to chemical feed additives are herbal extracts, because they don't results to tissue residue and drug resistance. In order to evaluate the effects of herbal extracts to control avian coccidiosis, 180 one-day-old broiler chickens were randomly divided into nine equal groups, as follows: (1) Biarum bovei (2) Nectaroscordum tripedale( 3) Dorema aucheri (4) Cichorium intybus (5) Prangos ferulaceae (6) diclazuril (7) Artemisia absinthium (8) infected control (9) uninfected control (each contains two groups)...
June 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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