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Mercury toxicity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448157/protein-changes-in-lepidium-sativum-l-exposed-to-hg-during-soil-phytoremediation
#1
Beata Smolinska, Agnieszka Szczodrowska, Joanna Leszczynska
Due to soil pollution by mercury the investigations have been provided to find the best technique of soil reclamation. In this study we examined Lepidium sativum L. as a plant useful for Hg phytoextraction. The simultaneous application of compost and thiosulphate was explored as a possible method of process enhancement. The investigations of plant protein changes during assisted Hg phytoextraction were also provided. The results of the study show that combined use of compost and thiosulphate significantly increased both the total Hg accumulation and its translocation to aerial plant tissues...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439753/abating-mercury-exposure-in-young-children-should-include-thimerosal-free-vaccines
#2
REVIEW
José G Dórea
Pediatric immunization is essential to prevent, control and eradicate children`s infectious diseases. Newborns and infants in less developed countries have a concentrated schedule of Thimerosal-containing vaccines (TCVs); pregnant mothers are also immunized with TCVs. Metabolic changes during early development are demonstrably an important risk factor for ethylmercury (EtHg) effects on neurodevelopment, while exposure to Thimerosal sensitizes susceptible individuals to life-long contact dermatitis. Concerns regarding toxicity of Hg have moved rich nations to withdraw it from medicines and, in particular, Thimerosal from pediatric vaccines; it has been more than 20 years since rich countries started using Thimerosal-free vaccines...
April 24, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438339/mercury-arsenic-cadmium-and-lead-in-two-commercial-shark-species-sphyrna-lewini-and-caraharinus-porosus-in-trinidad-and-tobago
#3
Azad Mohammed, Terry Mohammed
Sharks are long-lived apex predators which can accumulate toxic metals such as mercury and arsenic. Samples of Sphyrna lewini and Carcharinus porosus were collected from two commercial fish landing sites in Trinidad. Heavy metal concentrations were determined in the muscle, dorsal fin, vertebrae and liver using atomic absorption spectrometric. The provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) and target hazard quotient (THQ) were determined to assess the potential health risks to consumers. Mercury levels ranged between 74-1899μg/kg in S...
April 21, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427493/hair-mercury-levels-and-their-relationship-with-seafood-consumption-among-preschool-children-in-shanghai
#4
Jin Yan, Zhen Yan Gao, Ju Wang, Chong Huai Yan
Mercury is a global pollutant. Children are vulnerable to environmental toxicants. Seafood consumption is a major source of methylmercury exposure. In order to ascertain children's mercury exposure levels and study their relationship with seafood consumption, we conducted a cross-sectional study among preschool children in Shanghai. According to our data, the geometric mean of the mercury levels in children's hair was 191.9 (95% CI: 181.8, 202.4) μg/kg. These results indicate that high income may be a predictor of elevated mercury levels in children's hair...
March 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423187/characterization-of-the-binding-capacity-of-mercurial-species-in-lactobacillus-strains
#5
Cristina Alcántara, Carlos Jadán-Piedra, Dinoraz Vélez, Vicenta Devesa, Manuel Zúñiga, Vicente Monedero
BACKGROUND: Metal sequestration by bacteria has been proposed as a strategy to counteract metal contamination in foodstuffs. Lactobacilli can interact with metals, but studies with important foodborne metals such as inorganic [Hg(II)] or organic (CH3 Hg) mercury are lacking. Lactobacilli were evaluated for their potential to bind these contaminants and the nature of the interaction was assessed by the use of metal competitors, chemical and enzymatical treatments and mutants affected in the cell-wall structure...
April 19, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420130/gaseous-elemental-mercury-and-total-and-leached-mercury-in-building-materials-from-the-former-hg-mining-area-of-abbadia-san-salvatore-central-italy
#6
Orlando Vaselli, Barbara Nisi, Daniele Rappuoli, Jacopo Cabassi, Franco Tassi
Mercury has a strong environmental impact since both its organic and inorganic forms are toxic, and it represents a pollutant of global concern. Liquid Hg is highly volatile and can be released during natural and anthropogenic processes in the hydrosphere, biosphere and atmosphere. In this study, the distribution of Gaseous Elemental Mercury (GEM) and the total and leached mercury concentrations on paint, plaster, roof tiles, concrete, metals, dust and wood structures were determined in the main buildings and structures of the former Hg-mining area of Abbadia San Salvatore (Siena, Central Italy)...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419951/can-fractal-methods-applied-to-video-tracking-detect-the-effects-of-deltamethrin-pesticide-or-mercury-on-the-locomotion-behavior-of-shrimps
#7
Bruno Mendes Tenorio, Eurípedes Alves da Silva Filho, Gentileza Santos Martins Neiva, Valdemiro Amaro da Silva, Fernanda das Chagas Angelo Mendes Tenorio, Themis de Jesus da Silva, Emerson Carlos Soares E Silva, Romildo de Albuquerque Nogueira
Shrimps can accumulate environmental toxicants and suffer behavioral changes. However, methods to quantitatively detect changes in the behavior of these shrimps are still needed. The present study aims to verify whether mathematical and fractal methods applied to video tracking can adequately describe changes in the locomotion behavior of shrimps exposed to low concentrations of toxic chemicals, such as 0.15µgL(-1) deltamethrin pesticide or 10µgL(-1) mercuric chloride. Results showed no change after 1min, 4, 24, and 48h of treatment...
April 15, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418431/body-burdens-sources-and-interrelations-of-selected-toxic-and-essential-elements-among-the-nine-cree-first-nations-of-eeyou-istchee-james-bay-region-of-northern-quebec-canada
#8
Evert Nieboer, Ian D Martin, Eric N Liberda, Eric Dewailly, Elizabeth Robinson, Leonard J S Tsuji
BACKGROUND: this article constitutes a report on the comprehensive Nituuchischaayihtitaau Aschii multi-community environment-and-health study conducted among the Cree peoples (Eeyouch) of northern Quebec, Canada. OBJECTIVES: to interpret observed concentrations of a suite of chemical elements in a multi-media biological monitoring study in terms of sources and predictors. METHODS: the concentrations of 5 essential and 6 toxic chemical elements were measured in whole blood, and/or in urine or hair by ICP-MS...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414453/global-proteome-profiling-of-a-marine-copepod-and-the-mitigating-effect-of-ocean-acidification-on-mercury-toxicity-after-multigenerational-exposure
#9
Minghua Wang, Jae-Seong Lee, Yan Li
Previously, we found that ocean acidification (OA) mitigates mercury (Hg) toxicity to marine copepod Tigriopus japonicus under multigenerational exposure (four generations, F0-F3). To determine the response mechanisms of T. japonicus against long-term exposure to OA and Hg pollution, we investigated the proteome of F3 copepods after multigenerational exposure to four conditions: pCO2 400 μatm + control; pCO2 1000 μatm + control; pCO2 400 μatm + 1.0 µg/L Hg; and pCO2 1000 μatm + 1.0 µg/L Hg. Functional enrichment analysis indicated that OA enhanced the copepod's energy production mainly by increasing protein assimilation and proteolysis as a compensatory strategy, which explained its physiological resilience to reduced pH...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412307/the-9th-conference-on-metal-toxicity-and-carcinogenesis-the-conference-overview
#10
James T F Wise, Lei Wang, Zhuo Zhang, Xianglin Shi
Heavy metals, such as arsenic, chromium, cadmium, nickel, mercury, and uranium are known to cause many human diseases and health complications after occupational or environmental exposure. Consequently, metals are environmental health concerns. This manuscript is an overview of the 9th Conference on Metal Toxicity and Carcinogenesis held in October 2016 in Lexington, Kentucky. Since 2000, this biennial meeting brings together experts in the field to discuss current and prospective research in an effort to advance research pertaining to metal toxicity and carcinogenesis...
April 12, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411467/different-transcriptomic-responses-of-two-marine-copepods-tigriopus-japonicus-and-pseudodiaptomus-annandalei-to-a-low-dose-of-mercury-chloride-hgcl2
#11
Minghua Wang, Chang-Bum Jeong, Yan Li, Jae-Seong Lee
Mercury (Hg) pollution is a ubiquitous and serious concern in marine environments, but the response mechanisms of marine animals to Hg pollution (i.e., toxicity/tolerance) are poorly understood. To compare the global responses of two marine copepods (Tigriopus japonicus and Pseudodiaptomus annandalei), we analyzed whole transcriptomes using RNA-seq technology in response to Hg treatment (a nominal 10μg/L HgCl2 in seawater) for 5h. Hg was strikingly accumulated in both copepods under treatment. The Hg concentration in P...
March 24, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407586/physiological-and-biochemical-impacts-induced-by-mercury-pollution-and-seawater-acidification-in-hediste-diversicolor
#12
Rosa Freitas, Lucia de Marchi, Anthony Moreira, João L T Pestana, Frederick J Wrona, Etelvina Figueira, Amadeu M V M Soares
The present study evaluated the impacts of predicted seawater acidification and Hg pollution, when stressors were acting alone and in combination, on the polychaete Hediste diversicolor. Polychaetes were exposed during 28days to low pH (7.5), Hg (5μg/L) and pH7.5+Hg, and physiological alterations (respiration rate), biochemical markers related to metabolic potential (glycogen and protein content, electron transport system activity) and oxidative status (activity of antioxidant and biotransformation enzymes, lipid peroxidation) were evaluated...
April 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406445/morphofunctional-alterations-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-gills-after-exposure-to-mercury-chloride
#13
Rachele Macirella, Elvira Brunelli
Mercury (Hg) is a global pollutant that may exert its toxic effects on living organisms and is found in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in three chemical forms; elemental, organic, and inorganic. The inorganic form (iHg) tends to predominantly accumulate in aquatic environments. The gill apparatus is a very dynamic organ that plays a fundamental role in gas exchange, osmoregulation, acid-base regulation, detoxification, and excretion, and the gills are the primary route of waterborne iHg entrance in fish...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399194/interactions-between-plant-hormones-and-heavy-metals-responses
#14
Lauro Bücker-Neto, Ana Luiza Sobral Paiva, Ronei Dorneles Machado, Rafael Augusto Arenhart, Marcia Margis-Pinheiro
Heavy metals are natural non-biodegradable constituents of the Earth's crust that accumulate and persist indefinitely in the ecosystem as a result of human activities. Since the industrial revolution, the concentration of cadmium, arsenic, lead, mercury and zinc, amongst others, have increasingly contaminated soil and water resources, leading to significant yield losses in plants. These issues have become an important concern of scientific interest. Understanding the molecular and physiological responses of plants to heavy metal stress is critical in order to maximize their productivity...
April 10, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396923/binding-of-hg-by-bacterial-extracellular-polysaccharide-a-possible-role-in-hg-tolerance
#15
Kimberly Cruz, Jean Guézennec, Tamar Barkay
Bacteria employ adaptive mechanisms of mercury (Hg) tolerance to survive in environments containing elevated Hg concentrations. The potential of extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) production by bacteria as a mechanism of Hg tolerance has not been previously investigated. The objectives of this study were to determine if bacterial EPS sorb Hg, and if so does sorption provide protection against Hg toxicity. Purified EPS with different chemical compositions produced by bacterial isolates from microbial mats in French Polynesian atolls and deep-sea hydrothermal vents were assessed for Hg sorption...
April 10, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394636/hazardous-properties-and-toxicological-update-of-mercury-from-fish-food-to-human-health-safety-perspective
#16
Charles Odilichukwu R Okpala, Giacomo Sardo, Sergio Vitale, Gioacchino Bono, Augustine Arukwe
The mercury (Hg) poisoning of Minamata Bay of Japan widely activated a global attention to Hg toxicity and its potential consequences to the aquatic ecosystem and human health. This has resulted to an increased need for a dynamic assembly, contextualization and quantification of both the current state-of-the-art and approaches for understanding the cause-and effect relationships of Hg exposure. Thus, the objective of this present review is to provide both hazardous-, toxic properties and toxicological update of Hg, focusing on how it ultimately affects the aquatic biota to potentially produce human health effects...
April 10, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391925/removal-of-perfluorinated-surfactants-from-wastewater-by-adsorption-and-ion-exchange-influence-of-material-properties-sorption-mechanism-and-modeling
#17
Falk Schuricht, Ekaterina S Borovinskaya, Wladimir Reschetilowski
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) has attracted increasing concern in recent years due to its world-wide distribution, persistence, bioaccumulation and potential toxicity. The influence of sorbent properties on the adsorptive elimination of PFOS from wastewater by activated carbons, polymer adsorbents and anion exchange resins was investigated with regard to their isotherms and kinetics. The batch and column tests were combined with physicochemical characterization methods, e.g., N2 physisorption, mercury porosimetry, infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, titrations, as well as modeling...
April 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391835/mercury-fractionation-in-soil-and-sediment-samples-using-thermo-desorption-method
#18
Dominika Saniewska, M Bełdowska
Mercury is one of the most hazardous elements. Its transformation and transport in the environment strongly depend on its chemical form. The information about Hg form is also important for understanding the bioavailability as well as toxicity of this element. There are many methods for Hg speciation but most of them are expensive and time consuming. Therefore the aim of this research was to develop a simple thermo-desorption method for mercury fractionation in soil and sediment samples using a direct mercury analyser...
June 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389203/preferential-binding-of-inorganic-mercury-to-specific-lipid-classes-and-its-competition-with-cadmium
#19
Evan Kerek, Mohamed Hassanin, Wenzhou Zhang, Elmar J Prenner
Upon uptake of Hg and Cd into living systems, possible targets for metal induced toxicity include the membranes surrounding nervous, cardiovascular and renal cells. To further our understanding of the interactions of Hg and Cd with different lipid structures under physiologically relevant chloride and pH conditions (100 mM NaCl pH 7.4), we used fluorescence spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering to monitor changes in membrane fluidity and phase transition and liposome size. The metal effects were studied on zwitterionic, cationic and anionic lipids to elucidate electrostatically driven metal-lipid interactions...
April 4, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386890/cooking-can-decrease-mercury-contamination-of-a-mushroom-meal-cantharellus-cibarius-and-amanita-fulva
#20
Jerzy Falandysz, Małgorzata Drewnowska
Mushrooms (Cantharellus cibarius and Amanita fulva) were blanched (parboiled) and pickled using different treatment conditions with the aim of carrying out the study into effect on removal of toxic mercury (Hg) accumulated in flesh. Blanching of fresh sliced C. cibarius caused leaching of Hg by approximately 15%, while loss of up to 35% was observed for sliced, deep-frozen fruit bodies. The rate of Hg leaching from the C. cibarius in practice was the same when blanched for 5 or 15 min irrespective of potable or deionized water used...
April 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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