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Minimally invasive preparation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230036/single-lumen-tracheal-ventilation-for-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-in-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#1
Yu Bai, Yi Zhou, Xi Hua Lu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to observe the efficacy and safety of single-lumen tracheal ventilation for esophageal cancer surgery. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with esophageal carcinoma who prepared for minimally invasive esophagectomy were included in this study. All of the included 38 patients were received single-lumen tracheal ventilation. The arterial blood gas index was monitored through the operation procedure and recorded at four-time points: before induction (T0), at the end of chest operation (T1), at the end of the abdominal operation (T2), and 30 min after extubation (T3)...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183291/rapid-and-sensitive-real-time-assay-for-the-detection-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-using-rt-siba%C3%A2
#2
Kevin E Eboigbodin, Kirsi Moilanen, Sonja Elf, Mark Hoser
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most common causes of respiratory tract infections among young children and the elderly. Timely and accurate diagnosis of respiratory tract infections improves patient care and minimizes unnecessary prescriptions of antibiotics. We sought to develop a rapid nucleic acid tests for the detection of RSV within minutes, while retaining the high sensitivity achieved with RT-PCR. METHODS: We developed and evaluated a reverse transcription isothermal nucleic acid amplification method, reverse transcription strand invasion based amplification (RT-SIBA), for the rapid detection of RSV...
February 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167466/the-curative-effect-analysis-and-nursing-measures-of-the-transvaginal-myomectomy-and-transabdominal-myomectomy
#3
Lingping Meng, Wanxia Li
To analyze the curative effects of the transvaginal myomectomy (TVM) and the traditional transabdominal myomectomy (TAM). The group with traditional TAM received routine preoperative nursing guidance and postoperative care. While the group with TVM received preoperative strengthened psychological care, vaginal preparation and postoperative strengthened vagina nursing, paying attention to the prevention and treatment of complications, and maintaining effective pelvic draining and other nursing measures. After that, the statistical processing and analysis were used to compared the intraoperative blood loss, operating time, postoperative infusion time, hospitalization time, postoperative eating, postoperative ambulation, the usage rate of postoperative analgesic, postoperative morbidity and postoperative complications between the two groups Comparison between TVM group and TAM group showed that the difference of the operating time, postoperative infusion time, hospitalization time, postoperative eating, postoperative ambulation, the usage rate of postoperative analgesic, postoperative morbidity and postoperative complications between the two groups were statistically significant (P<0...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160028/one-stage-bilateral-implantation-of-a%C3%A2-calcar-guided-short-stem-in%C3%A2-total-hip-arthroplasty-minimally-invasive-modified-anterolateral-approach-in-supine-position
#4
K P Kutzner, S Donner, M Schneider, J Pfeil, P Rehbein
OBJECTIVE: One-stage bilateral, muscle-preserving, calcar-guided implantation technique through the modified minimally invasive anterolateral approach in supine position. INDICATIONS: Bilateral primary/secondary osteoarthritis of the hip; bilateral femoral head necrosis; ASA I-III. CONTRAINDICATIONS: ASA IV; severe osteoporosis, other factors jeopardizing stable anchorage of cementless, calcar-guided short-stem; infection. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Supine position...
February 3, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156119/minimally-invasive-all-ceramic-preparation-for-the-occlusal-face-the-v-preparation
#5
Michel Fages, Bertrand Bennasar, Jacques Raynal
A clinical case illustrates and explains step by step a minimally invasive molar occlusal surface preparation for all-ceramic bonded restoration. The sequential use of calibrated burs, following the specific procedure, systematically and quickly, provides a perfectly calibrated reduction of the occlusal face even for an inexperienced practitioner. This preparation increases the bonding surface and optimizes the accommodation of constraints that provides a more resistant reconstruction and favors the preservation of the vital tooth...
February 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155822/treatment-of-displaced-intra-articular-calcaneal-fractures-by-intramedullary-nail-preliminary-report
#6
Mirosław Falis, Krystian Pyszel
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and plate stabilisation is a recognised method of treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures. The surgical approach to the calcaneal bone used in these procedures is associated with a high risk of complications. The aim of this paper is to present the author's experience with a new surgical method and analyse early outcomes of the treatment of calcaneal fractures by Calcanail intramedullary nailing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study encompassed 17 patients (5 women and 12 men) with 18 calcaneal fractures (5 in the right foot and 13 in the left foot)...
March 23, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152672/intraoperative-localization-of-rectal-tumors-using-liposomal-indocyanine-green
#7
Shlomo Magdassi, Shoshi Bar-David, Yael Friedman-Levi, Ehud Zigmond, Chen Varol, Guy Lahat, Joseph Klausner, Sara Eyal, Eran Nizri
BACKGROUND: Tumor localization may pose a significant challenge during minimally invasive rectal resection. Near-infrared (NIR) imaging can penetrate biological tissue and afford tumor localization from the external surface of the rectum. Our aim was to develop an NIR-based tool for rectal tumor imaging that can be administered intravenously. METHODS: We prepared indocyanine-green (ICG)-loaded liposomes by sonication. Liposomes were evaluated for their size and morphology...
February 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140669/surgical-repositioning-of-the-premaxilla-using-a-minimally-invasive-endonasal-approach
#8
Nicolas E Sierra, Ada Ferrer-Fuertes, Bárbara Salazar-Perez, Gui-Youn Cho-Lee, Carles Martí-Pages, Alejandro Rivera-Baró, Josep Rubio Palau, Eloy M García-Diez
OBJECTIVE:   The aim of this study was to evaluate a technique for the surgical repositioning of the premaxilla using a minimally invasive endonasal approach. DESIGN:   Retrospective review of clinical records. SETTING:   Tertiary care, University Hospital, pediatric maxillofacial surgery unit. PATIENTS:   Twenty-one patients (12 boys and 9 girls), ages ranging from 6 to 21 years, with BCLP+A and premaxillary malposition (PM)...
January 31, 2017: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139229/a-minimal-invasive-method-for-systemic-bio-monitoring-of-the-environmental-pollutant-phenanthrene-in-humans-thermal-extraction-and-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-from-1-ml-capillary-blood
#9
Beate Gruber, Julian Schneider, Michael Föhlinger, Jeroen Buters, Ralf Zimmermann, Georg Matuschek
Phenanthrene is present in numerous environmental media and serves as a model substrate for the biomonitoring of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH). PAH exposure studies are commonly focused on urinary metabolites, concentrations of which are dependent on absorption, biotransformation and excretion. Monitoring of unmetabolized PAHs in blood would allow more reliable exposure assessment, but requires invasive sampling and extensive sample preparation. We describe the analysis of phenanthrene in 1μL capillary blood using thermal extraction (TE) combined with gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137752/recommendations-from-the-european-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-ests-regarding-computed-tomography-screening-for-lung-cancer-in-europe
#10
Jesper Holst Pedersen, Witold Rzyman, Giulia Veronesi, Thomas A D'Amico, Paul Van Schil, Laureano Molins, Gilbert Massard, Gaetano Rocco
SummaryIn order to provide recommendations regarding implementation of computed tomography (CT) screening in Europe the ESTS established a working group with eight experts in the field. On a background of the current situation regarding CT screening in Europe and the available evidence, ten recommendations have been prepared that cover the essential aspects to be taken into account when considering implementation of CT screening in Europe. These issues are: (i) Implementation of CT screening in Europe, (ii) Participation of thoracic surgeons in CT screening programs, (iii) Training and clinical profile for surgeons participating in screening programs, (iv) the use of minimally invasive thoracic surgery and other relevant surgical issues and (v) Associated elements of CT screening programs (i...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123298/oxygen-and-indocyanine-green-loaded-phase-transition-nanoparticle-mediated-photo-sonodynamic-cytotoxic-effects-on-rheumatoid-arthritis-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes
#11
Qin Tang, Jianyu Cui, Zhonghua Tian, Jiangchuan Sun, Zhigang Wang, Shufang Chang, Shenyin Zhu
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy and sonodynamic therapy are developing, minimally invasive, and site-specific modalities for cancer therapy. A combined strategy PSDT (photodynamic therapy followed by sonodynamic therapy) has been proposed in this study. Here, we aimed to develop novel biodegradable poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolic acid) phase-transition nanoparticles simultaneously loaded with oxygen and indocyanine green (OI-NPs) and to investigate the cytotoxic effects and the potential mechanisms of OI-NP-mediated PSDT on MH7A synoviocytes...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101125/preventive-transarterial-embolization-in-upper-nonvariceal-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#12
Aleksejs Kaminskis, Aina Kratovska, Sanita Ponomarjova, Anna Tolstova, Maksims Mukans, Solvita Stabiņa, Raivis Gailums, Andrejs Bernšteins, Patricija Ivanova, Viesturs Boka, Guntars Pupelis
BACKGROUND: Transarterial embolization (TAE) is a therapeutic option for patients with a high risk of recurrent bleeding after endoscopic haemostasis. The aim of our prospective study was a preliminary assessment of the safety, efficacy, and clinical outcomes following preventive TAE in patients with non-variceal acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) with a high risk of recurrent bleeding after endoscopic haemostasis. METHODS: Preventive visceral angiography and TAE were performed after endoscopic haemostasis on patients with NVUGIB who were at a high risk of recurrent bleeding (PE+ group)...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089093/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-evacuating-the-intracerebral-hematoma-in-early-stages-decreased-secondary-damages-to-the-internal-capsule-in-dog-model-of-ich-observed-by-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#13
Guofeng Wu, Fan Wang, Likun Wang, Jing Shi, Hui Yu, Yingjun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Diffusion tensor imaging was used to observe the effects of performing early minimally invasive surgery (MIS) on internal capsule in dog model of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: Twenty-five male dogs were selected to prepare an ICH model, and then they were randomly distributed into a model control (MC) group (5 dogs) or an MIS group (20 dogs). In the MIS group, the intracerebral hematoma was evacuated by stereotactic minimally invasive procedures over 6 hours (5 dogs), 12 hours (5 dogs), 18 hours (5 dogs), or 24 hours (5 dogs) after successful induction of ICH...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070681/comparison-of-the-18-month-outcome-after-the-treatment-of-osteoporotic-insufficiency-fractures-by-means-of-balloon-sacroplasty-bsp-and-radiofrequency-sacroplasty-rfs-in-comparison-a-prospective-randomised-study
#14
Reimer Andresen, Sebastian Radmer, Julian Ramin Andresen, Hans-Christof Schober
PURPOSE: The objective of this prospective, randomised study was to examine the feasibility and clinical outcome of balloon sacroplasty and radiofrequency sacroplasty. METHODS: In 40 patients with a total of 57 sacral fractures, CT-guided cement augmentation was performed by means of BSP or RFS. For BSP, the balloon catheter was inflated and deflated in the fracture zone, and the hollow space, thus, created was then filled with PMMA cement. For RFS, the spongious space in the fracture zone was initially extended using a flexible osteotome, and the highly viscous PMMA cement, activated by radiofrequency, was then inserted into the prepared fracture zone...
January 9, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062330/minimally-invasive-cancer-surgery-indications-and-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Virginia Sun, Yuman Fong
OBJECTIVES: To review the current evidence on the impact of minimally invasive, robotic-assisted cancer surgery (thoracic, gastrointestinal, gynecologic, genitourinary) on surgical outcomes and quality of life. DATA SOURCES: Journal articles, research reports, state of the science papers, and clinical guidelines. CONCLUSION: Minimally invasive cancer surgery is an important and integral component of the comprehensive care of cancer patients...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047798/we-ab-bra-03-non-invasive-controlled-release-from-implantable-hydrogel-scaffolds-using-ultrasound
#16
A Moncion, O D Kripfgans, A J Putnam, R T Frances Chi, M L Fabiilli
PURPOSE: To control release of a model payload in acoustically responsive scaffolds (ARSs) using focused ultrasound (FUS). METHODS: Fluorescently-labeled dextran (10 kDa) was encapsulated in sonosensitive perfluorocarbon (C6 F14 or C5 F12 ) double emulsions (mean diameter: 2.9±0.1 µm). For in vitro release studies, 0.5 mL ARSs (10 mg/mL fibrin, 1% (v/v) emulsion) were polymerized in 24 well plates and covered with 0.5 mL medium. Starting one day after polymerization, ARSs were exposed to FUS (2...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039699/laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-malignancy-in-high-risk-surgical-patients-according-to-asa-classification
#17
Georgios C Sotiropoulos, Nikolaos Machairas, Panagiota Stratigopoulou, Ioannis D Kostakis, Dimitrios Mantas, Gregory Kouraklis
Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) represents one of the most recent evolutions in the field of surgical oncology. While offering to the patients all the short-term advantages of the laparoscopic approach, the ongoing experience underlines that the long-term outcomes are not negatively influenced through this minimally invasive method. We explored the surgical results in a case series of 5 high-risk patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists' (ASA) Class 3 or more, who underwent LLR in our department...
November 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034402/transoral-robotic-surgery
#18
Shokjean Yee
Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) is a technique used to treat oral, throat, and skull base cancers using a minimally invasive robotic approach through the mouth and throat. The TORS procedure allows deeper access and dissection of suspicious lesions and neoplastic growths in the oral cavity and those that extend from the throat to the base of the skull. Robotic surgery allows the surgeon to operate in tight spaces without a large open incision. This article discusses symptoms and risk factors of oral, throat, and skull base cancers; types of procedures that can be performed using the TORS approach; specialized instrumentation; patient selection; surgical advantages and disadvantages; patient benefits; and the role of the surgical team in preparing to intraoperatively care for the TORS patient...
January 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991022/-minimal-invasive-esophageal-resection-with-anastomosis-on-the-neck-mckeown-our-experiences-after-20-cases
#19
Elemér Mohos, Attila Nagy, György Szabados, György Réti, Tamás Kovács, Zoltán Jánó, Csaba Berki, József Mohay, Lóránt Szabó, Krisztina Bene, Gábor Bognár, Myroslav Horzov, Petra Mohos, Gábor Sándor, Gábor Tornai, Péter Szenkovits, Tibor Nagy, Csaba Orbán, Vivien Herpai
OBJECTIVE: Esophageal resection is a traumatic intervention usually performed on patients with poor condition, resulting high mortality and morbidity. To improve the high incidence of complications, minimal invasive interventions were introduced. The results of the thoracoscopically and laparoscopically performed esophageal resection (McKeown) was investigated after 20 cases and the technical details of the surgical intervention are presented. PATIENTS AND METHOD: 20 thoracoscopic esophageal resection with laparoscopic gastric tube formation (sec...
December 2016: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957592/-lateral-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-a-challenge
#20
T Walker, P R Aldinger, M R Streit, T Gotterbarm
OBJECTIVE: Joint surface replacement in the lateral compartment by unicondylar knee arthroplasty. INDICATIONS: Lateral unicompartmental osteoarthritis of the knee joint, avascular necrosis of the lateral femoral condyle. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Full thickness cartilage defect in the central part of the medial compartment or in the medial aspect of the patellofemoral joint. Instability/contracture of cruciate and collateral ligaments, valgus deformity >15°, valgus deformity not passively correctable, flexion deformity >15°, an intraoperative flexion <100°, failed upper tibial osteotomy, rheumatoid arthritis...
February 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
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