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Fine needle aspiration and thyroglobulin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225995/clinical-impact-of-thyroglobulin-tg-and-tg-autoantibody-tgab-measurements-in-needle-washouts-of-neck-lymph-node-biopsies-in-the-management-of-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#1
M Cecilia Martins-Costa, Rui M B Maciel, Teresa S Kasamatsu, Claudia C D Nakabashi, Cleber P Camacho, Felipe Crispim, Elza S Ikejiri, M Conceição O Mamone, Danielle M Andreoni, Rosa Paula M Biscolla
Objectives: The presence of thyroglobulin (Tg) in needle washouts of fine needle aspiration biopsy (Tg-FNAB) in neck lymph nodes (LNs) suspected of metastasis has become a cornerstone in the follow-up of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, there are limited data regarding the measurement of anti-Tg antibodies in these washouts (TgAb-FNAB), and it is not clear whether these antibodies interfere with the assessment of Tg-FNAB or whether there are other factors that would more consistently justify the finding of low Tg-FNAB in metastatic LNs...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182063/frontal-bone-metastasis-from-an-occult-follicular-thyroid-carcinoma-diagnosed-by-fnac
#2
Rajnish Kalra, Richa Pawar, Sonia Hasija, Abha Chandna, Manoj Sankla, Chanchal Malhotra
Metastatic deposits in skull bones from follicular thyroid carcinoma is rare, and metastatic disease in skull being the presenting symptom without obvious thyroid lesion (occult primary) is even rarer. A 60-year-old female patient presented with a mass in the frontal region of the skull. Fine needle aspiration cytology was done which revealed an adenocarcinoma with repeated follicular pattern, reminiscent of follicular neoplasm of thyroid, which on immunocytochemistry revealed positivity for thyroglobulin. Patient was investigated further for primary thyroid malignancy, and imaging revealed a nodule in the left lobe of thyroid...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003924/intrathyroidal-clear-cell-tumor-of-parathyroid-origin-with-review-of-literature
#3
Daniela Pirela, Daniela Treitl, Siba El Hussein, Robert Poppiti, Thomas Mesko, Alex Manzano
Water-clear cell adenoma (WCCA) of the parathyroid gland is an exceedingly rare neoplasm. To date, 17 cases have been reported in the literature, with only one of them being intrathyroidal. Here we report a case of a 34-year-old woman who presented for evaluation of a goiter and was found to have a thyroid nodule and abnormal thyroid function tests (TFT). Fine needle aspiration biopsy of the nodule revealed thyroid follicular cells without atypia and subsequent Afirma® Gene Expression Classifier (GEC) testing results were suspicious for malignancy...
2016: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936964/preoperative-serum-thyroglobulin-and-changes-in-serum-thyroglobulin-during-tsh-suppression-independently-predict-follicular-thyroid-carcinoma-in-thyroid-nodules-with-a-cytological-diagnosis-of-follicular-lesion
#4
Hye Jeong Kim, Ji-Oh Mok, Chul Hee Kim, Yeo Joo Kim, Sang Jin Kim, Hyeong Kyu Park, Dong Won Byun, Kyoil Suh, Myung Hi Yoo
BACKGROUND: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) cannot distinguish a follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) from a follicular adenoma in follicular lesions. We designed this study to determine whether the preoperative thyroglobulin (Tg) and change in serum Tg during thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression can predict FTC in thyroid nodules with a cytological diagnosis of follicular lesion. METHODS: Among 854 patients who underwent thyroid surgery, the 198 patients who presented with thyroid nodules with a cytological diagnosis of follicular lesion were analyzed...
December 12, 2016: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899986/metastasis-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-to-the-parathyroid-gland-16-years-after-radical-nephrectomy-a-case-report
#5
Liborio Torregrossa, Maria Isabella Rotondo, Andrea Cacciato Insilla, David Galleri, Federica Guidoccio, Paolo Miccoli, Virginia A Livolsi, Fulvio Basolo
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has a high metastatic potential, and most commonly metastasizes via the bloodstream, although lymphatic metastases also occur. RCC is well-known for its propensity to metastasize to unusual sites, and late metastasis, even after a number of years, is common. The occurrence of RCC metastasis to the head and neck region is uncommon, and occurs primarily in the thyroid gland and in patients with widespread dissemination. Involvement of the parathyroid gland in metastatic carcinoma is extremely rare...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824965/hashimoto-s-thyroiditis-and-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-are-cytokeratin-19-and-p63-proteins-of-any-diagnostic-value
#6
Smaroula N Divani, George P Kalodimos, Matteo A Lioupis, Nikolaos Ch Syrmos
BACKGROUND: The relation between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) remains controversial. We aimed to study the coexistence of PTC and HT and the diagnostic utility of cytokeratin19 and P63 proteins expression in all positive for PTC cases of HT. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from 343 patients who underwent fine needle aspiration cytology followed by thyroid surgery over a six years period. Thyroid scans and blood measurements for anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) and free thyroid hormones were performed...
September 2016: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802177/measurement-of-thyroglobulin-calcitonin-and-pth-in-fna-washout-fluids
#7
Pierpaolo Trimboli, Federica D'Aurizio, Renato Tozzoli, Luca Giovanella
Different imaging tools, circulating endocrine markers, and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology are of great importance in the diagnosis and follow-up of different thyroid and parathyroid diseases. Sometimes, however, they are conflicting or inconclusive: interestingly, measuring endocrine markers (i.e. thyroglobulin, calcitonin, parathyroid hormone) in fluids from FNA proved to be a very useful complementary diagnostic tool in such cases. The determination of endocrine markers in fluids other than serum/plasma has been developed in the last years...
October 29, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742787/thyroid-cancer-risk-stratified-management-and-individualized-therapy
#8
EDITORIAL
Friedhelm Raue, Karin Frank-Raue
Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy. Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) with the two subtypes, papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and follicular thyroid cancer (FTC), is the most frequent subtype of thyroid cancer; more rare subtypes are medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC). The incidence of DTC has increased rapidly in recent years due to the more frequent use of imaging methods such as ultrasound of the neck and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid nodules...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738849/thyroglobulin-measurement-in-fine-needle-aspiration-improves-the-diagnosis-of-cervical-lymph-node-metastases-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#9
Zahraa Al-Hilli, Veljko Strajina, Travis J McKenzie, Geoffrey B Thompson, David R Farley, M Regina Castro, Alicia Algeciras-Schimnich, Melanie L Richards
BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is frequently associated with cervical lymph node metastases. Guidelines recommend performing ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) for suspicious nodes to guide management. No specific recommendations are available for the use of FNA thyroglobulin assay (FNA-Tg). This study investigated the diagnostic value of performing FNAC and FNA-Tg. METHODS: Patient demographics, preoperative investigations, surgery, and lymph node pathology were collected for patients with PTC who underwent lateral neck lymphadenectomy and central compartment reexploration from January 2000 to July 2015...
March 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698782/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-thyroid-cancer-misdiagnosed-by-fine-needle-aspiration
#10
Hideki Maeda, Goro Kutomi, Fukino Satomi, Hiroaki Shima, Mitsuru Mori, Koichi Hirata, Ichiro Takemasa
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is commonly used as a preoperative assessment to diagnose thyroid cancer. However, misdiagnosis of malignancy by FNA is not rare, even if image examination suggests the possibility of thyroid cancer. In the present study, the clinicopathological factors of patients whose preoperative FNA examination had not led to a diagnosis of thyroid cancer were examined. In total, 125 patients with thyroid cancer who underwent FNA and surgery (total thyroidectomy, subtotal thyroidectomy or hemithyroidectomy) at the Department of Surgery, Surgical Oncology and Science of the Sapporo Medical University Hospital between 2006 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641218/usefulness-of-thyroglobulin-in-cervical-lymph-node-fine-needle-aspirations-at-initial-thyroidectomy-for-the-diagnosis-of-metastases-in-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#11
Jing Yu, Yanpeng Song, Zhirong Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To study the role of fine-needle aspiration biopsy and thyroglobulin measurement (FNAB-Tg) in diagnosing cervical lymph node (CLN) metastases in patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) before thyroidectomy. METHODS: Ultrasonography (US)-guided FNAB was performed on 92 patients with PTCs with 105 CLNs before surgery. The wash-out of the FNAB-Tg level was detected. RESULTS: Based on the final pathology, 67 lymph nodes (LNs) were positive for metastasis, and 38 LNs were negative for metastasis...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616725/cervical-lymph-node-metastases-after-thyroidectomy-for-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-usually-remain-stable-for-years
#12
Chisato Tomoda, Kiminori Sugino, Kenichi Matsuzu, Takashi Uruno, Keiko Ohkuwa, Wataru Kitagawa, Mitsuji Nagahama, Koichi Ito
BACKGROUND: Lymph node (LN) recurrence detected by ultrasound (US) is a very common problem after initial treatment for papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Most patients with PTC have an excellent disease-specific survival even with LN recurrence. Recently, watchful waiting with serial cervical US evaluations would be considered a reasonable approach to management of LN recurrence in selected patients. On the other hand, some patients with LN recurrence have demonstrated clinically significant disease progression during follow-up...
December 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546053/the-utility-of-thyroglobulin-washout-studies-in-predicting-cervical-lymph-node-metastases-one-academic-medical-center-s-experience
#13
Sherry Tang, Andrew Buck, Claudia Jones, Xiaoyin Sara Jiang
BACKGROUND: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is useful for evaluating cervical lymph nodes for metastases from thyroid carcinomas. Reports have illustrated that with application of standardized technique and appropriate cutoffs, thyroglobulin (TG) washout studies increase the sensitivity and specificity of FNAC in identifying lymph node metastases. This project describes our experience at an academic medical center utilizing needle wash thyroglobulin analyses as an ancillary to FNAC...
December 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459817/-usefulness-and-limitation-of-thyroglobulin-measurement-in-fine-needle-aspirates-fna-tg-for-diagnosis-of-neck-lymph-node-metastasis-from-thyroid-carcinoma
#14
Koji Sakamoto, Yorihisa Imanishi, Toshiki Tomita, Hiroyuki Ozawa, Yoichiro Sato, Yozo Inagaki, Hiroyuki Yamada, Fumihiro Ito, Noriomi Suzuki, Takeyuki Kono, Shin Saito, Masaru Noguchi, Takanori Nishiyama, Shintaro Nakamura, Hiroko Fujita, Takahisa Watabe, Seiichi Shinden, Kaoru Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Preoperative diagnosis of lymph node metastasis from thyroid carcinoma is usually confirmed by using fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) when thyroid carcinoma is suspected based on the clinical findings. However, the result of FNAC sometimes leads to a false negative, especially in cases of hypocellular lesions such as metastases with cystic change. Thyroglobulin measurement in fine needle aspirates (FNA-Tg) has been shown to be a useful technique to detect the protein specifically secreted by thyroid follicular cells...
May 2016: Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376428/which-is-the-best-predictor-of-thyroid-cancer-thyrotropin-thyroglobulin-or-their-ratio
#15
Pinar Yazici, Mehmet Mihmanli, Emre Bozkurt, Feyza Yener Ozturk, Mehmet Uludag
OBJECTIVE: Since documented incidence of thyroid cancer has been rising over time, in part due to incidental small papillary cancer, several studies have been carried out to investigate the role of possible serum markers of thyroid cancer prior to surgery. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. AIM: To investigate the role of thyroglobulin (Tg), thyrotropin (TSH) and the TSH:Tg, Tg:TSH ratio in the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2014 and January 2015, 202 of 242 consecutive patients scheduled for surgical treatment for thyroid disorders at Şişli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, General Surgery Clinic were included in the study...
April 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324384/thyroglobulin-antibodies-as-a-potential-predictive-marker-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-patients-with-indeterminate-cytology
#16
Theodore Karatzas, Ioannis Vasileiadis, Evangelia Zapanti, Georgios Charitoudis, Efthimios Karakostas, Georgios Boutzios
BACKROUND: We investigated the efficacy of thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) in detecting malignancy in indeterminate thyroid nodules and evaluated the possible association between TgAb and autoimmunity in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). METHODS: This retrospective, nonrandomized study included 1,646 patients who had undergone preoperative fine-needle aspiration biopsy to evaluate their thyroid nodules, and then standard total thyroidectomy. Of 194 patients (11...
November 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231232/fine-needle-aspiration-with-immunohistochemistry-using-a-modified-scrape-cell-block-technique-for-the-diagnosis-of-thyroid-and-parathyroid-nodules
#17
Franz G Wuertz, Ewald Kresnik, Philipp Malle, Martin Hyden, Peter Lind, Hermann Rogatsch, Hans J Gallowitsch
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a modified scrape cell block (SCB) technique in a large series of patients. The technique was especially developed and tested for fine-needle aspiration of thyroid and parathyroid nodules. STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-two ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration specimens with the sonographic aspect of a thyroid (n = 33) or a possible parathyroid nodule (n = 49) were studied. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used on cell blocks containing plasma, thromboplastin, and selected 3-dimensional cell aggregates scraped off Papanicolaou-stained smears...
2016: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229757/intrathyroidal-oxyphilic-parathyroid-carcinoma-a-potential-diagnostic-caveat-in-cytology
#18
Yin Ping Wong, Noor Akmal Sharifah, Geok Chin Tan, Anthony James Gill, Syed Z Ali
Oxyphilic (oncocytic) parathyroid lesions are very uncommon and their cytological features are rarely described. Due to the similarities in anatomical location and indistinguishable cytomorphological features, these lesions are easily confused with neoplastic and non-neoplastic thyroid lesions on fine needle aspiration (FNA). The diagnosis becomes more challenging in cases of unusual intrathyroidal location of the parathyroid lesions in the absence of clinical evidence of hyperparathyroidism, which simulate thyroid nodules clinically...
August 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220299/-the-value-of-thyroglobulin-measurement-in-fine-needle-aspiration-for-diagnosis-of-suspicious-lymph-nodes-in-patients-with-thyroid-carcinoma-after-thyroidectomy
#19
Qiang Li, Bowen Zhao, Jianghong Lyu, Jinduo Shou, Haishan Xu, Lilong Xu, Li Gao, Murui Zhang, Jiang Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of thyroglobulin measurement in ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration(FNA-Tg)for detecting neck node metastasis in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC)after thyroidectomy. METHODS: A total of 128 suspicious metastatic lymph nodes in 112 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Postoperative pathologic results were taken as the gold standard. The values of FNA and FNA-Tg combined FNA in the diagnosis of metastatic lymph nodes were compared with different ultrasonic features...
May 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186554/estimation-of-thyroglobulin-in-lymph-node-aspirates-pilot-experience-from-a-tertiary-referral-cancer-center
#20
Subramanian Kannan, Subhra Chauhan, Naveen, B S Latha, Nalini Raju, Naveen Hedne Chandrasekhar, Vikram Kekatpure, Moni Abraham Kuriakose, P Manjunath
BACKGROUND: Assessment of cervical lymph node involvement in patients with thyroid cancer either during preoperative surgical mapping or detection of recurrences during follow-up is a crucial step in the management of differentiated thyroid cancers (DTCs). In most patients, fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) confirms the presence of metastasis in lymph node. However, in cases of paucicellular lymph node aspirate or discordant sonogram and cytology results, thyroglobulin (Tg) measurement in the lymph node aspirate (FNA-Tg) is useful and a value >1 ng/ml is considered consistent with metastatic disease...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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