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Kinga A Kocemba-Pilarczyk, Barbara Ostrowska, Sonia Trojan, Ecce Aslan, Dorota Kusior, Małgorzata Lasota, Claire Lenouvel, Joanna Dulińska-Litewka
Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized as a clonal expansion of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow, which is often associated with pancytopenia and osteolytic bone disease. Interestingly, myeloma-infiltrated bone marrow is considered to be hypoxic, providing selection pressure for a developing tumour. Since HSP90 was shown to participate in stabilization of the subunit of the key transcription factor HIF-1, which controls the hypoxic response, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of a HSP90 inhibitor 17-Allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), on MM cells cultured under low oxygenation conditions...
March 15, 2018: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Tomohiro Katagiri, Minoru Kobayashi, Michio Yoshimura, Akiyo Morinibu, Satoshi Itasaka, Masahiro Hiraoka, Hiroshi Harada
Hypoxic and stroma-rich microenvironments, characteristic features of pancreatic cancers, are strongly associated with a poor prognosis. However, whether and how hypoxia increases stromal compartments remain largely unknown. Here, we investigated the potential importance of a master regulator of the cellular adaptive response to hypoxia, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), in the formation of stroma-rich microenvironments of pancreatic tumors. We found that pancreatic cancer cells secreted more Sonic hedgehog protein (SHH) under hypoxia by upregulating its expression and efficiency of secretion in a HIF-1-dependent manner...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Weiheng Wang, Yang Wang, Guoying Deng, Jun Ma, Xiaodong Huang, Jiangming Yu, Yanhai Xi, Xiaojian Ye
Objective: Special hypoxic and hypertonic microenvironment in intervertebral discs (IVDs) decreases the treatment effect of cell transplantation. We investigated the hypothesis that hypoxic preconditioning (HP) could improve the therapeutic effect of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to IVD degeneration. Methods: BMSCs from green fluorescent protein-transgenic rats were pretreated with cobalt chloride (CoCl2 , 100  μ M, 24 h) for hypoxic conditions in vitro ...
2018: Stem Cells International
Peng Jin, Seung-Hyun Shin, Yang-Sook Chun, Hyun-Woo Shin, Yong Jae Shin, Yeri Lee, Donggeon Kim, Do-Hyun Nam, Jong-Wan Park
During tumor development, stromal cells are co-opted to the tumor milieu and provide favorable conditions for the tumor. Hypoxia stimulates cancer cells to acquire a more malignant phenotype via activation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1). Given that cancer cells and astrocytes in glioblastomas coexist in a hypoxic microenvironment, we examined whether astrocytes affect the adaptation of glioblastoma cells to hypoxia. Immunoblotting, reporter assays, quantitative RT-PCR, and chromatin immunoprecipitation were performed to evaluate HIF-1 signaling in glioblastoma cells...
March 14, 2018: Oncogene
F Wu, S Wu, X Gou
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common type of renal cancer in adults. The aim of this study is to identify the biomarkers and potential molecular mechanisms of ccRCC. Three gene expression profiles and two miRNA expression profiles were downloaded from GEO database. A total of 330 up-regulated differentially expressed genes (DEGs), 545 down-regulated DEGs, 26 up-regulated differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) and 11 down-regulated DEMs were identified by GEO2R. The gene ontology (GO) enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were performed by KOBAS software...
2018: Neoplasma
David Angeles-Albores, Carmie Puckett Robinson, Brian A Williams, Barbara J Wold, Paul W Sternberg
RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) is commonly used to identify genetic modules that respond to perturbations. In single cells, transcriptomes have been used as phenotypes, but this concept has not been applied to whole-organism RNA-seq. Also, quantifying and interpreting epistatic effects using expression profiles remains a challenge. We developed a single coefficient to quantify transcriptome-wide epistasis that reflects the underlying interactions and which can be interpreted intuitively. To demonstrate our approach, we sequenced four single and two double mutants of Caenorhabditis elegans From these mutants, we reconstructed the known hypoxia pathway...
March 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Antonella Cotoia, Lucia Mirabella, Sabrina Altamura, Rachele Villani, Flavia Marchese, Giuseppe Ferrara, Karim Mariano, Tullo Livio, Gilda Cinnella
BACKGROUND: Sepsis caused by complicated intra-abdominal infection is associated with high mortality. Loss of endothelial barrier integrity, inflammation, and impaired cellular oxygen have been shown to be primary contributors to sepsis. To date, little is known regarding the pathway for the mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from the bone marrow in sepsis whereas stromal-cell-derived factor 1a (SDF-1a) and hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) seem to have a role in the EPC response to hypoxic microenvironments...
March 12, 2018: Trials
Xiaomeng Dai, Guoliang Pi, Sheng-Li Yang, George G Chen, Li-Ping Liu, Han-Hua Dong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the expression of PD-L1 and HIF-1α in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissue and further analyze the association with clinical parameters and the prognostic value of coexpression in HCC patients. METHODS: We assessed the expression of PD-L1 and HIF-1α by immunohistochemistry in tumor tissue from 90 HCC patients who underwent curative hepatectomy. The results were validated in an independent cohort of additional 90 HCC patients...
March 8, 2018: Translational Oncology
Jinfeng Qu, Lei Zhang, Lanyu Li, Yujie Su
This study was aimed to investigate the tumor suppressive role of miR-148b in regulating endoplasmic reticulum metalloprotease 1 (ERMP1) expression and oxidative stress response in endometrial cancer cells. Human endometrial cancer RL95-2 cells were used and transfected with miR-148b mimic, miR-148b inhibitor, and their scrambled negative control. Thereafter, the transfection efficiency was determined by qRT-PCR and cell viability was assessed by MTT assay. The luciferase reporter assay, Western blot, and qRT-PCR were conducted to determine the target gene of miR-148b...
March 9, 2018: Oncology Research
Valentin Schatz, Patrick Neubert, Franz Rieger, Jonathan Jantsch
Low oxygen environments and accumulation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are features of infected and inflamed tissues. Here, we summarize our current knowledge on oxygen levels found in Leishmania -infected tissues and discuss which mechanisms potentially contribute to local tissue oxygenation in leishmanial lesions. Moreover, we review the role of hypoxia and HIF-1 on innate antileishmanial immune responses.
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Gang Xu
Activation of the transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor‑1α (HIF-1α) is considered critical for the stimulation of osteogenic markers including runt‑related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and osteocalcin, which are closely associated with forkhead boxclass O1 (Foxo1) levels in osteoblasts. The present study explored the associations between HIF‑1α and Foxo1 in the regulation of cell viability, proliferation and apoptosis of osteoblasts. Osteoblasts obtained from children's iliac cancellous bone were used in the present study, which were confirmed by immunofluorescence staining for the osteoblast marker osteocalcin...
March 5, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Theodoros Eleftheriadis, Georgios Pissas, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Ioannis Stefanidis
Indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (IDO) suppresses T-cell function at least in part by altering cell metabolism. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) increases upon T-cell activation and alters cell metabolism favoring their differentiation to effector cells. The effect of IDO on HIF-1α expression and activity was evaluated. For this purpose, mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) was performed using the IDO inhibitor 1-DL-methyl-tryptophan and the p53 inhibitor pifithrin-α. L-tryptophan degradation and cell proliferation were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, whereas the expression of proteins of interest by western blotting...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Fei Hong, Lu Wan, Jie Liu, Ke Huang, Zhenmeng Xiao, Yingjing Zhang, Chunwei Shi
Liver fibrosis is characterized by deposition of excessive extracellular matrix (ECM). The major source of ECM is activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Previously, we reported that hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (Hif-1) regulates activation of HSCs through autophagy. In current work, human HSC cell line LX-2 was used as cell model. It was determined that trimethylation of H3 histone on lysine 4 (H3K4me3) occurred in the Hif-1 transcriptional complex. Inhibition of modifications of histone methylation suppressed Hif-1 nuclear transport, autophagosome formation, and activation of LX-2 cells...
March 2018: FEBS Open Bio
Eduardo H Gilglioni, Jung-Chin Chang, Suzanne Duijst, Simei Go, Aziza A A Adam, Ruurdtje Hoekstra, Arthur J Verhoeven, Emy L Ishii-Iwamoto, Ronald P J Oude Elferink
Primary hepatocyte culture is an important in vitro system for the study of liver functions. In vivo , hepatocytes have high oxidative metabolism. However, oxygen supply by means of diffusion in in vitro static cultures is much less than that by blood circulation in vivo . Therefore, we investigated whether hypoxia contributes to dedifferentiation and deregulated metabolism in cultured hepatocytes. To this end, murine hepatocytes were cultured under static or shaken (60 revolutions per minute) conditions in a collagen sandwich...
March 2018: Hepatology Communications
Bai Yuxiang, Rao Haiying, Chen Wei, Luo Xin, Tong Chao, Qi Hongbo
To identify the profiles of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in human placental tissues and to explore the potential roles of dysregulated circRNAs in the pathological genesis of preeclampsia, expression profiles of circRNAs in human placentas were performed in this study. Utilizing high-throughput technology, based on fold changes and P values, 300 circRNAs that are differentially expressed between preeclampsia and normal placental tissues were identified. Among them, hg38_circ_0014736 and hsa_circ_0015382 were validated as significantly upregulated by real-time quantitative PCR with divergent primers...
February 28, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Konrad Kadzielawa, Biji Mathew, Clara R Stelman, Arden Zhengdeng Lei, Leianne Torres, Steven Roth
PURPOSE: The pathophysiology of retinal ischemia involves mechanisms including inflammation and apoptosis. Ischemic post-conditioning (Post-C), a brief non-lethal ischemia, induces a long-term ischemic tolerance, but the mechanisms of ischemic post-conditioning in the retina have only been described on a limited basis. Accordingly, we conducted this study to determine the molecular events in retinal ischemic post-conditioning and to identify targets for therapeutic strategies for retinal ischemia...
March 5, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Jooeun Bae, Teru Hideshima, Yu-Tzu Tai, Yan Song, Paul Richardson, Noopur Raje, Nikhil C Munshi, Kenneth C Anderson
Histone deacetylases (HDAC) are therapeutic targets in multiple cancers. ACY241, an HDAC6 selective inhibitor, has shown anti-multiple myeloma (MM) activity in combination with immunomodulatory drugs and proteasome inhibitors. Here we show ACY241 significantly reduces the frequency of CD138+ MM cells, CD4+ CD25+ FoxP3+ regulatory T cells, and HLA-DRLow/- CD11b+ CD33+ myeloid-derived suppressor cells; and decreases expression of PD1/PD-L1 on CD8+ T cells and of immune checkpoints in bone marrow cells from myeloma patients...
February 22, 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Nanduri R Prabhakar, Ying-Jie Peng, Guoxiang Yuan, Jayasri Nanduri
Sleep apnea is a prevalent respiratory disease characterized by periodic cessation of breathing during sleep causing intermittent hypoxia (IH). Sleep apnea patients and rodents exposed to IH exhibit elevated sympathetic nerve activity and hypertension. A heightened carotid body (CB) chemoreflex has been implicated in causing autonomic abnormalities in IH-treated rodents and in sleep apnea patients. The purpose of this article is to review the emerging evidence showing that interactions between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and gaseous transmitters as a mechanism cause hyperactive CB by IH...
February 22, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Mohammed Akhtar, Issam A Al-Bozom, Turki Al Hussain
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a heterogenous group of tumors, >70% of which belong to the category of clear cell carcinoma. In recent years, crucial advances have been made in our understanding of the molecular and metabolic basis of clear cell carcinoma. This tumor manifests significant alterations in the cellular metabolism, so that the tumor cells preferentially induce the hypoxia response pathway using aerobic glycolysis, rather than the normal oxidative phosphorylation for energy. Most of the clear cell carcinomas (sporadic as well as familial) have mutations and deletions in the VHL gene located at 3p (p3...
February 20, 2018: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
Dominik C Fuhrmann, Ilka Wittig, Stefan Dröse, Tobias Schmid, Nathalie Dehne, Bernhard Brüne
Cell stress such as hypoxia elicits adaptive responses, also on the level of mitochondria, and in part is mediated by the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1α. Adaptation of mitochondria towards acute hypoxic conditions is reasonably well understood, while regulatory mechanisms, especially of respiratory chain assembly factors, under chronic hypoxia remains elusive. One of these assembly factors is transmembrane protein 126B (TMEM126B). This protein is part of the mitochondrial complex I assembly machinery. We identified changes in complex I abundance under chronic hypoxia, in association with impaired substrate-specific mitochondrial respiration...
February 20, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
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