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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444966/correlation-between-genetic-polymorphisms-within-the-mapk1-hif-1-ho-1-signaling-pathway-and-risk-or-prognosis-of-perimenopausal-coronary-artery-disease
#1
Nan Guo, Nan Zhang, Liqiu Yan, Xufen Cao, Jiawang Wang, Yunfei Wang
BACKGROUND: Mitogen-activated protein kinase-1 (MAPK1), as well as its downstream factors of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), have been documented to be involved in modulating development of coronary artery disease (CAD). HYPOTHESIS: Genetic mutations within the MAPK1/HIF-1/HO-1 signaling pathway could alter the risk of perimenopausal CAD in Chinese patients. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were gathered from 589 CAD patients and 860 healthy controls, and 12 potential single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were obtained from HapMap database and previously published studies...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436951/hypoxic-lung-cancer-secreted-exosomal-mir-23a-increased-angiogenesis-and-vascular-permeability-by-targeting-prolyl-hydroxylase-and-tight-junction-protein-zo-1
#2
Y-L Hsu, J-Y Hung, W-A Chang, Y-S Lin, Y-C Pan, P-H Tsai, C-Y Wu, P-L Kuo
Hypoxia plays a critical role during the evolution of malignant cells and tumour microenvironment (TME).Tumour-derived exosomes contain informative microRNAs involved in the interaction of cancer and stromal cells, thus contributing to tissue remodelling of tumour microenvironment. This study aims to clarify how hypoxia affects tumour angiogenesis through exosomes shed from lung cancer cells. Lung cancer cells produce more exosomes under hypoxic conditions than do parental cells under normoxic conditions. miR-23a was significantly upregulated in exosomes from lung cancer under hypoxic conditions...
April 24, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435457/tumor-hypoxia-regulates-forkhead-box-c1-to-promote-lung-cancer-progression
#3
Yu-Jung Lin, Woei-Cherng Shyu, Chi-Wei Chang, Chi-Chung Wang, Chung-Pu Wu, Hsu-Tung Lee, Liang-Jwu Chen, Chia-Hung Hsieh
Forkhead box C1 (FOXC1) is a member of the forkhead family of transcription factors that are characterized by a DNA-binding forkhead domain. Increasing evidence indicates that FOXC1 is involved in tumor progression. However, the role of tumor hypoxia in FOXC1 regulation and its impact on lung cancer progression are unclear. Here, we report that FOXC1 was upregulated in hypoxic areas of lung cancer tissues from rodents or humans. Hypoxic stresses significantly induced FOXC1 expression. Moreover, hypoxia activated FOXC1 transcription via direct binding of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) to the hypoxia-responsive element (HRE) in the FOXC1 promoter...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430666/myc-induced-glutaminolysis-bypasses-hif-driven-glycolysis-in-hypoxic-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-cells
#4
Matilda Munksgaard Thorén, Marica Vaapil, Johan Staaf, Maria Planck, Martin E Johansson, Sofie Mohlin, Sven Påhlman
We previously demonstrated that small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cells lack HIF-2α protein expression, whereas HIF-1α in these cells is expressed at both acute and prolonged hypoxia. Here we show that low HIF2A expression correlates with high expression of MYC genes. Knockdown of HIF1A expression had no or limited effect on cell survival and growth in vitro. Unexpectedly, hypoxic ATP levels were not affected by HIF-1α knockdown and SCLC cell viability did not decrease upon glucose deprivation. In line with these in vitro data, xenograft tumor-take and growth were not significantly affected by repressed HIF1A expression...
April 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429366/analysis-of-transcriptional-activities-of-angiogenic-biomarkers-during-intrauterine-complications-leading-to-preterm-birth
#5
M Rabajdová, R Dudič, P Urban, V Dudičová, P Urdzík, M Mareková
OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclampsia, growth retardation and preterm delivery are the most common reasons leading to increased maternal and perinatal mortality. The increased expression of hypoxia induced factors, such as HIF-1, triggers the overexpression of anti-angiogenic genes. The aim of this study was to determine the transcriptional activity of individual pro- and anti-angiogenic markers (VEGF, HIF-1, sEng, Flt-1, PlGF-1) in maternal blood samples from patients with spontaneous preterm labor, preterm labor in combination with pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction in comparison with physiologically terminated pregnancies...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423608/anthracyclines-suppress-pheochromocytoma-cell-characteristics-including-metastasis-through-inhibition-of-the-hypoxia-signaling-pathway
#6
Ying Pang, Chunzhang Yang, Jan Schovanek, Herui Wang, Petra Bullova, Veronika Caisova, Garima Gupta, Katherine I Wolf, Gregg L Semenza, Zhengping Zhuang, Karel Pacak
Pheochromocytomas (PHEOs) and paragangliomas (PGLs) are rare, neuroendocrine tumors derived from adrenal or extra-adrenal chromaffin cells, respectively. Metastases are discovered in 3-36% of patients at the time of diagnosis. Currently, only suboptimal treatment options exist. Therefore, new therapeutic compounds targeting metastatic PHEOs/PGLs are urgently needed. Here, we investigated if anthracyclines were able to suppress the progression of metastatic PHEO. We explored their effects on experimental mouse PHEO tumor cells using in vitro and in vivo models, and demonstrated that anthracyclines, particularly idarubicin (IDA), suppressed hypoxia signaling by preventing the binding of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 and 2 (HIF-1 and HIF-2) to the hypoxia response element (HRE) sites on DNA...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423052/inflammation-induced-fetal-growth-restriction-in-rats-is-associated-with-increased-placental-hif-1%C3%AE-accumulation
#7
Kevin P Robb, Tiziana Cotechini, Camille Allaire, Arissa Sperou, Charles H Graham
INTRODUCTION: Hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) is the oxygen-sensitive subunit of the transcription factor HIF-1, and its expression is increased in placentas from pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia (PE). Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and PE often share a common pathophysiology; however, it is unknown whether increased placental HIF-1α occurs in FGR. We previously demonstrated that aberrant maternal inflammation in rats resulted in altered utero-placental perfusion and FGR, both of which were prevented by administration of the nitric oxide mimetic glyceryl trinitrate (GTN)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422843/hypoxia-regulated-human-periodontal-ligament-cells-via-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#8
Zhili Xiao, Yineng Han, Yan Zhang, Xiaonan Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of hypoxia on the proliferation, morphology, migration ability, hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) 1 (HIF-1) expression, and the relationship with Wnt/β-catenin signaling of human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) in vitro. METHODS: hPDLCs (4th passage) cultured by the tissue culture method were randomly assigned to slight (5% O2), severe hypoxia (1% O2) groups, and the control (21% O2) group, respectively...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420760/novel-lnc-rna-regulated-by-hif-1-inhibits-apoptotic-cell-death-in-the-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells-under-hypoxia
#9
Imari Mimura, Yosuke Hirakawa, Yasuharu Kanki, Natsuki Kushida, Ryo Nakaki, Yutaka Suzuki, Tetsuhiro Tanaka, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Masaomi Nangaku
Chronic tubulointerstitial hypoxia plays an important role as the final common pathway to end-stage renal disease. HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor-1) is a master transcriptional factor under hypoxia, regulating downstream target genes. Genome-wide analysis of HIF-1 binding sites using high-throughput sequencers has clarified various kinds of downstream targets and made it possible to demonstrate the novel roles of HIF-1. Our aim of this study is to identify novel HIF-1 downstream epigenetic targets which may play important roles in the kidney...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418174/hypoxia-upregulates-integrin-gene-expression-in-microvascular-endothelial-cells-and-promotes-their-migration-and-capillary-like-tube-formation
#10
Christina Befani, Panagiotis Liakos
Tissue hypoxia affects gene expression through the hypoxia-inducible transcription factors, HIF-1 and HIF-2, in both physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Angiogenesis is a complex response of endothelial cells integrating cell proliferation, migration, tube formation and their interaction with the extracellular matrix through integrin receptors. In this report, we studied the effect of hypoxia on the angiogenic functions of human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) as well as on expression of the angiogenic integrins αν β3 , αν β5 and α5 β1 ...
April 18, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406019/honey-extracted-polyphenolics-reduce-experimental-hypoxia-in-human-keratinocytes-culture
#11
Amrita Chaudhary, Swarnendu Bag, Provas Banerjee, Jyotirmoy Chatterjee
Hypoxic assault affects fundamental cellular processes and generates oxidative stress on healthy cells/molecules. Honey extracted polyphenolics (HEP) as a natural antioxidant reduced hypoxic cytotoxicity in this study. Different honey samples were physicochemically characterized to identify preferred (jamun) honey [pH 3.55 ± 0.04, conductivity (μs/cm) = 6.66 ± 0.14, water content % (w/w) = 14.70 ± 0.35, total solid content % (w/w) = 85.30 ± 0.35, phenol content (mg GAE/100 g) = 403.55 ± 0.35, flavonoid content (mg QE/100 g) = 276...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404817/hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-predicts-recurrence-in-high-grade-soft-tissue-sarcoma-of-extremities-and-trunk-wall
#12
H Nyström, M Jönsson, L Werner-Hartman, M Nilbert, A Carneiro
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Sarcomas are of mesenchymal origin and typically show abundant tumour stroma and presence of necrosis. In search for novel biomarkers for personalised therapy, we determined the prognostic impact of stromal markers, hypoxia and neovascularity in high-grade soft tissue leiomyosarcoma and pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma. METHOD: We evaluated CD163, colony-stimulating factor (CSF)-1, CD16 and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1)α using immunohistochemical staining and assessed microvessel density using CD31 in 73 high-grade leiomyosarcomas and undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas of the extremities and the trunk wall...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394264/the-androgen-receptor-and-vegf-mechanisms-of-androgen-regulated-angiogenesis-in-prostate-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Kurtis Eisermann, Gail Fraizer
Prostate cancer progression is controlled by the androgen receptor and new blood vessel formation, or angiogenesis, which promotes metastatic prostate cancer growth. Angiogenesis is induced by elevated expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF is regulated by many factors in the tumor microenvironment including lowered oxygen levels and elevated androgens. Here we review evidence delineating hormone mediated mechanisms of VEGF regulation, including novel interactions between the androgen receptor (AR), epigenetic and zinc-finger transcription factors, AR variants and the hypoxia factor, HIF-1...
April 10, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386380/wheatgrass-extract-inhibits-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-mediated-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-a549-cells
#14
Nam Yong Do, Hyun-Jae Shin, Ji-Eun Lee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in not only cancer development and metastasis but also non-cancerous conditions. Hypoxia is one of the proposed critical factors contributing to formation of chronic rhinosinusitis or nasal polyposis. Wheatgrass (Triticum aestivum) has antioxidant, anti-aging, and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we analyzed whether wheatgrass has an inhibitory effect on the EMT process in airway epithelial cells. MATERIALS/METHODS: A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells were incubated in hypoxic conditions (CO2 5%/O2 1%) for 24 h in the presence of different concentrations of wheatgrass extract (50, 75, 100, and 150 µg/mL) and changes in expression of epithelial or mesenchymal markers were evaluated by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence...
April 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383481/strange-bedfellows-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-like-2-nrf2-and-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-hif-1-in-tumor-hypoxia
#15
REVIEW
Rachel K Toth, Noel A Warfel
The importance of the tumor microenvironment for cancer progression and therapeutic resistance is an emerging focus of cancer biology. Hypoxia, or low oxygen, is a hallmark of solid tumors that promotes metastasis and represents a significant obstacle to successful cancer therapy. In response to hypoxia, cancer cells activate a transcriptional program that allows them to survive and thrive in this harsh microenvironment. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is considered the main effector of the cellular response to hypoxia, stimulating the transcription of genes involved in promoting angiogenesis and altering cellular metabolism...
April 6, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380438/imaging-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-and-septin-9-interaction-by-bimolecular-fluorescence-complementation-in-live-cancer-cells
#16
Maya Golan, Nicola J Mabjeesh
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is a major mediator of the hypoxic response involved in tumor progression. We had earlier described the interaction between septin 9 isoform 1 (SEPT9_i1) protein and the oxygen-regulated subunit, HIF-1α. SEPT9_i1 is a member of the conserved family of GTP-binding cytoskeleton septins. SEPT9_i1 stabilizes HIF-1α and facilitates its cytoplasmic-nuclear translocation. We utilized split yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) methodology to monitor the interaction between HIF-1α and SEPT9_i1 in live cells...
March 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363691/myc-and-hif-in-shaping-immune-response-and-immune-metabolism
#17
REVIEW
J N Rashida Gnanaprakasam, John William Sherman, Ruoning Wang
Upon antigen stimulation, quiescent naive T cells undergo a phase of cell mass accumulation followed by cell cycle entry, clonal expansion, differentiation into functional subsets and back again to a quiescent state as they develop into memory cells. The transitions between these distinct cellular states place unique metabolic demands on energy, redox and biosynthesis. To fulfill these demands, T cells switch back and forth between their primary catabolic pathways. While quiescent naive and memory T cells largely rely on the oxidation of fatty acids and glucose, active T cells rely on glycolysis and glutaminolysis to sustain cell growth, proliferation and differentiation...
March 23, 2017: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362240/microvascularization-of-grade-i-meningiomas-effect-on-tumor-volume-blood-loss-and-patient-outcome
#18
Michael Karsy, Brian Burnett, Antonio Di Ieva, Michael D Cusimano, Randy L Jensen
OBJECTIVE Quantitative assessment of tumor microvascularity has the potential to improve prognostication, advance understanding of tumor biology, and help narrow potential molecular therapies. While the role of tumor microvascularity has been widely studied in meningiomas, this study examines both the role of automated measurements and the impact on surgical outcome. METHODS Two hundred seven patients with Grade I meningiomas underwent surgery between 1996 and 2011. Tissue samples from each patient were retrospectively evaluated for histopathological measures of microvascularity, including staining for von Willebrand factor (vWF), CD31, CD105, hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1), vascular endothelial growth factor, glucose transporter 1, and carbonic anhydrase IX...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358664/hif-1-in-cancer-therapy-two-decade-long-story-of-a-transcription-factor
#19
REVIEW
Sourabh Soni, Yogendra S Padwad
BACKGROUND: Oxygen (O2) homeostasis is an indispensable requirement of eukaryotes. O2 concentration in cellular milieu is defined as normoxia (∼21% O2), physoxia (∼1-13% O2) or hypoxia (∼0.1-1% O2). Hypoxia, a striking micro-environmental feature in tumorigenesis, is countered by tumor cells via induction of O2 governed transcription factor, hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). Post discovery, HIF-1 has emerged as a promising anticancer therapeutic target during the last two decades...
April 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353178/identification-of-hif-1-signaling-pathway-in-pelteobagrus-vachelli-using-rna-seq-effects-of-acute-hypoxia-and-reoxygenation-on-oxygen-sensors-respiratory-metabolism-and-hematology-indices
#20
Guosong Zhang, Cheng Zhao, Qintao Wang, Yichun Gu, Zecheng Li, Panfeng Tao, Jiawei Chen, Shaowu Yin
Oxygen is a vital element in aquatic environments. The concentration of oxygen to which aquatic organisms are exposed is influenced by salinity, water temperature, weather, and surface water runoff. Hypoxia has a serious effect on fish populations, and can lead to the loss of habitat and die-offs. Therefore, in the present study we used next-generation sequencing technology to characterize the transcriptomes of Pelteobagrus vachelli and identified 70 candidate genes in the HIF-1 signaling pathway that are important for the hypoxic response in all metazoan species...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
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