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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180834/increased-levels-of-s100a8-a9-in-patients-with-peritonsillar-abscess-a-new-promising-diagnostic-marker-to-differentiate-between-peritonsillar-abscess-and-peritonsillitis
#1
Christoph Spiekermann, Antonella Russo, Markus Stenner, Claudia Rudack, Johannes Roth, Thomas Vogl
Peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is a very frequent reason for urgent outpatient consultation and otolaryngological hospital admission. Early, correct diagnosis and therapy of peritonsillar abscess are important to prevent possible life-threatening complications. Based on physical examinations, a reliable differentiation between peritonsillar cellulitis and peritonsillar abscess is restricted. A heterodimeric complex called calprotectin consists of the S100 proteins A8 and A9 (S100A8/A9) and is predominantly expressed not only in monocytes and neutrophils but also in epithelial cells...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104687/traumatic-transient-herniation-concomitant-with-tonsillar-hemorrhagic-contusion-in-a-child
#2
Ahmet Öğrenci, Orkun Koban, Murat Ekşi, Onur Yaman, Sedat Dalbayrak
Downward displacement of cerebellar tonsils more than 5 mm below the foramen magnum is named as Chiari type I malformation and named benign tonsillar ectopia if herniation is less than 3 mm. It does not just depend on congenital causes. There are also some reasons for acquired Chiari Type 1 and benign tonsillar ectopia/herniation. Trauma is one of them. Trauma may increase tonsillar ectopia or may be the cause of new-onset Chiari type 1. The relationship between the tonsil contusion and its position is unclear...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050748/pediatric-kikuchi-fujimoto-disease-a-clinicopathologic-study-and-the-therapeutic-effects-of-hydroxychloroquine
#3
Yung-Chih Lin, Hsiu-Hui Huang, Bao-Ren Nong, Po-Yen Liu, Ying-Yao Chen, Yung-Feng Huang, Yee-Hsuan Chiou, Herng-Sheng Lee
BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical features of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) in children, and place an emphasis on the therapeutic effects of hydroxychloroquine as monotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all children diagnosed with KFD during the period January 1992 to September 2016 at a tertiary medical center in Taiwan. RESULTS: 40 patients were histopathologically confirmed as KFD, and the mean age of the patients was 13...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912993/bilateral-peritonsillar-abscess-in-an-infant-an-unusual-presentation-of-sore-throat
#4
Mariana Manzoni Seerig, Letícia Chueiri, Janaina Jacques, Maria Fernanda Piccoli Cardoso de Mello, Martin Batista Coutinho da Silva, Daniel Buffon Zatt, Rosana Cristine Otero Cunha, Andre Souza de Albuquerque Maranhão
INTRODUCTION: Peritonsillar abscess is considered a suppurative complication of acute tonsillitis. It is usually unilateral and clinically evident bilateral presentation is uncommon. The condition affects mainly children older than 10 years and young adults. Herein we present a rare case of bilateral peritonsillar abscess in an infant. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 1-year-old boy presented with a two-day history of worsening sore throat, loss of appetite, vomiting, and fever...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891195/prevalence-of-synchronous-bilateral-tonsil-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-retrospective-study
#5
M S Rokkjaer, T E Klug
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of synchronous bilateral tonsil cancer remains unexplored. To date, only 38 cases have been described in the literature. With an aim to substantiate the Danish recommendation of performing bilateral tonsillectomy in patients with suspected or proven tonsil cancer and in patients with cervical carcinoma metastasis from an unknown primary tumour, this study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of synchronous bilateral tonsil cancer. DESIGN: A retrospective review of all patients diagnosed with tonsil cancer in the period 2000-2015, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, was performed...
September 11, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881377/comparison-of-unilateral-versus-bilateral-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-for-surgically-treated-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-palatine-tonsil
#6
Re-I Chin, Yuan James Rao, Michael Y Hwang, Christopher R Spencer, Michael Pierro, Todd DeWees, Pranav Patel, Parul Sinha, Hiram A Gay, Mackenzie Daly, Bruce H Haughey, Brian Nussenbaum, Douglas R Adkins, James S Lewis, Wade L Thorstad
BACKGROUND: The authors hypothesized that unilateral intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) would decrease toxicity compared with bilateral IMRT for patients with lateralized palatine tonsillar cancer and a neck classification of N0 to N2b, with similar oncological outcomes. METHODS: A total of 154 patients were treated with postoperative IMRT from 1997 through 2013. Data were collected prospectively from 2005 to 2013 and retrospectively collected before 2005. Of those patients with lateralized primary and N0 to N2b disease, 48 received unilateral IMRT (group 1) and 59 received bilateral IMRT (group 2); a total of 47 patients had nonlateralized primary or N2c to N3 disease and received bilateral IMRT (group 3)...
December 1, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877231/functional-characterization-of-t-cells-from-palatine-tonsils-in-patients-with-chronic-tonsillitis
#7
Katharina Geißler, Robby Markwart, Robert Pascal Requardt, Cynthia Weigel, Katja Schubert, André Scherag, Ignacio Rubio, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius
The palatine tonsils, localized in the oropharynx, are easily accessible secondary lymphoid tissue in humans. Inflammation of the palatine tonsils, local and chronic in case of chronic tonsillitis (CT) or acute in the presence of a peritonsillar abscess (PTA), ranks among the most common diseases in otolaryngology. However, the functionality of tonsillar immune cells, notably T-cells, in the context of these immune pathologies is poorly understood. We have examined the functional status of human tonsillar T-cells in CT and compared it to the acute inflammatory setting of a PTA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735380/the-midline-suboccipital-subtonsillar-approach-to-the-cerebellomedullary-cistern-how-i-do-it
#8
Stephan Herlan, Florian Roser, Florian H Ebner, Marcos Tatagiba
BACKGROUND: Lesions lateral to the lower brainstem in an area extending from the foraminae of Luschka to the foramen magnum are rare and include different pathologies. There is no consensus on an ideal surgical approach. METHOD: To gain access to this area, we use the midline suboccipital subtonsillar approach (STA). This midline approach with unilateral retraction of the cerebellar tonsil enables entry into the cerebellomedullary cistern. CONCLUSIONS: The STA offers excellent access with a panoramic view of the cerebellomedullary cistern and its structures and therefore can be useful for a number of different pathologies in the lower petroclival area...
July 22, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690584/decompression-in-chiari-malformation-clinical-ocular-motor-cerebellar-and-vestibular-outcome
#9
Nicolina Goldschagg, Katharina Feil, Franziska Ihl, Siegbert Krafczyk, Mathias Kunz, Jörg Christian Tonn, Michael Strupp, Aurelia Peraud
BACKGROUND: Treatment of Chiari malformation can include suboccipital decompression with resection of one cerebellar tonsil. Its effects on ocular motor and cerebellar function have not yet been systematically examined. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether decompression, including resection of one cerebellar tonsil, leads to ocular motor, vestibular, or cerebellar deficits. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with Chiari malformation type 1 were systematically examined before and after (1 week and 3 months) suboccipital decompression with unilateral tonsillectomy...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670333/synchronous-bilateral-tonsil-carcinoma-case-presentation-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
M-N Theodoraki, J A Veit, T K Hoffmann, J Greve
BACKGROUND: The incidence of synchronous bilateral tonsil carcinoma seems to be underreported. For adequate oncologic treatment, it is mandatory to remove all primaries to prevent recurrence or metachronic disease. The purpose of this manuscript is to provide a comprehensive review on this topic and to emphasize the need of bilateral tonsillectomy in cases of cancer of unknown primary (CUP) as well as in the case of a unilateral tonsillar carcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed for "bilateral tonsillar neoplasm", "synchronous cancer of the oropharynx" and "cancer of unknown primary in head and neck"...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531866/bilateral-peritonsillar-abscess-a-case-report-and-pertinent-literature-review
#11
Ibrahim AlAwadh, Turki Aldrees, Saleh AlQaryan, Sami Alharethy, Hassan AlShehri
INTRODUCTION: The peritonsillar space is defined as the area between the palatine tonsillar capsule medially and the superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle laterally. Unilateral peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is more common than the bilateral condition. To the best of our knowledge, only 13 cases of bilateral PTA have been reported worldwide; this is the first case reported from Saudi Arabia. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case involving a 16-year-old boy who presented to the emergency department with a5-day history of sore throat, dysphagia, trismus, drooling, and a muffled "hot-potato" voice, but with no symptoms of airway compromise...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228963/a-rare-cause-of-tonsil-mass-in-a-child-lymphoid-polyp
#12
Hongzhao Ji, Seckin O Ulualp, Anita Sengupta
OBJECTIVE: Solitary mass lesions of the palatine tonsils are rare in children. While a tonsillar mass can be concerning for a neoplasm, benign conditions may present with a mass arising from the surface of the palatine tonsils in children. We describe clinical and histopathological characteristics of a lymphoid polyp in a child with unilateral tonsillar mass. METHODS: Retrospective chart review. RESULTS: A 6-year-old girl presented for evaluation of recurrent acute tonsillitis and a mass on the left palatine tonsil...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978460/clinical-characteristics-of-headache-or-facial-pain-prior-to-the-development-of-acute-herpes-zoster-of-the-head
#13
Hye Lim Lee, Minju Yeo, Gi Hwa Choi, Ji Yeoun Lee, Ji Seon Kim, Dong-Ick Shin, Sang-Soo Lee, Sung-Hyun Lee
OBJECTIVES: When physicians encounter patients with headache or facial pain (preeruptive pain) associated with acute herpes zoster of the head, especially before the appearance of characteristic skin eruptions (preeruptive phase), they typically find it difficult to make clinical impressions and apply appropriate diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. The objectives of this study were to describe the clinical characteristics of headache or facial pain associated with acute herpes zoster of the head and to elucidate the association between the manifestation of these symptoms in the preeruptive phase and incoming herpes zoster...
January 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941543/is-routine-histopathologic-examination-necessary-following-tonsillectomy-and-or-adenoidectomy-procedures-in-pediatric-patients
#14
Ahmet Hamdi Kepekçi, Hasan Huseyin Balikci
Tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy is the most common surgical procedure in ENT practice and the malignancy rate of tonsillar tissue is very rare. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the necessity of routine histopathologic examinations following tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy surgeries. A total of 385 patients between the age of 5 and 16 years who were admitted to our ENT clinic and underwent adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy between October 2008 and July 2015 participated in the study...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833988/tonsillar-lymphoma-masquerading-as-obstructive-sleep-apnea-pediatric-case-report
#15
Corneliu Toader, MioriŢa Toader, Alina Stoica, Gabriel Pop, Alina Oprea, Anca Simona Constantin, Liviu Niculescu, Iolanda Cristina Vivisenco, Mircea Stelian Drăghici, Andrei Osman, Carmen Aurelia Mogoantă
The commonest cause of head and neck malignancy in pediatric patients is lymphoma. A particular case is the tonsillar lymphoma. Even though unilateral tonsillar enlargement represents an ominous sign for neoplasia, clinical manifestations vary and are non-specific. Therefore, a delayed diagnosis is performed which compromises optimal therapy and hinders the prognosis. We present the case of a 5-year-old boy who was initially diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, without reported systemic complaints. Asymmetric tonsillar hypertrophy created the premises for performing a tonsillectomy to rule out malignancy...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722002/lymphoepithelial-cyst-in-the-palatine-tonsil
#16
Fatih Bingöl, Hilal Balta, Buket Özel Bingöl, Recai Muhammet Mazlumoğlu, Korhan Kılıç
Lymphoepithelial cyst (LEC) is the most commonly encountered congenital neck pathology in the lateral part of the neck. A 66-year-old woman presented to the ENT clinic due to difficulty in swallowing persisting for approximately 1 year. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic mass at right tonsil. Surgery was performed due to this unilateral tonsillar mass, which was excised together with the right tonsil. LEC was diagnosed at histopathological examination. LEC in the palatine tonsil is rare, and only a few cases have been reported in the literature...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608330/a-young-man-with-enlarging-unilateral-tonsil-mass
#17
Casey Hay, Rafal Kozielski, Philomena Behar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605988/prevalence-and-patterns-of-palatine-and-adenoid-tonsilloliths-in-cone-beam-computed-tomography-images-of-an-iranian-population
#18
Zahra Dalili Kajan, Ali Khalighi Sigaroudi, Majedeh Mohebbi
BACKGROUND: Tonsilloliths are calcified concretions that develop in tonsillar crypts. They are usually small and asymptomatic, so they are found accidentally during routine dental radiogrphy procedure. Large tonsilloliths can occur with clinical signs and symptoms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and patterns of palatine and adenoid tonsilloliths in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 0...
July 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438333/unilateral-radiotherapy-for-surgically-resected-lateralized-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tonsil
#19
Thomas Paul Rackley, Wanangwa Clara Namelo, Nachi Palaniappan, Naomi Cole, David M J Owens, Mererid Evans
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of contralateral neck recurrence after surgery and unilateral neck radiotherapy, for lateralized tonsillar cancers with ipsilateral neck disease, in order to inform future clinical trial protocols for this disease. METHODS: Patients with lateralized tonsillar squamous carcinoma (T1-T2, N0-N2b), treated with surgery and unilateral adjuvant radiotherapy in a single United Kingdom center were retrospectively identified...
January 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408379/bilateral-tonsillar-enlargement-as-a-first-manifestation-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-small-lymphocytic-lymphoma-with-an-unusual-interfollicular-pattern-of-infiltration
#20
Rajan Duggal, Alka Rana, Ashok Vaid, Nitin Sood, Kumud Kumar Handa
Tonsillar lymphoma usually presents as unilateral or bilateral enlargement or as an ulcerative or fungating lesions. Most lymphomas that involve the tonsils are diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and primary low grade lymphomas are exceptional. We report a case of primary B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) affecting tonsils with interfollicular pattern of infiltration in a 54-year-old female who clinically presented with bilateral tonsillar enlargement, sore throat, dysphagia and respiratory difficulty, unresponsive to the conservative treatment...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
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