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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944731/the-fda-unapproved-drugs-initiative-an-observational-study-of-the-consequences-for-drug-prices-and-shortages-in-the-united-states
#1
Ravi Gupta, Sanket S Dhruva, Erin R Fox, Joseph S Ross
BACKGROUND: Hundreds of drug products are currently marketed in the United States without approval from the FDA. The 2006 Unapproved Drugs Initiative (UDI) requires manufacturers to remove these drug products from the market or obtain FDA approval by demonstrating evidence of safety and efficacy. Once the FDA acts against an unapproved drug, fewer manufacturers remain in the market, potentially enabling drug price increases and greater susceptibility to drug shortages. There is a need for systematic study of the UDI's effect on prices and shortages of all targeted drugs...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931486/caring-for-the-veteran-military-and-family-member-nursing-competencies-strategies-for-integrating-content-into-nursing-school-curricula
#2
Libba Reed McMillan, David Crumbley, Julie Freeman, Marilyn Rhodes, Michele Kane, Joy Napper
In the United States, one in every 15 persons is a Veteran (U. S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2016; U. S. News & World Report, 2017). An estimated 27% of these Veterans receive healthcare through the Veteran's Health Administration (VHA), leaving 73% to seek care in civilian hospitals (Bagalman, 2014). Realistically, most nurses in the United States will care for military members, Veterans or family members in a variety of healthcare systems and settings. Nurse educators are positioned to lead efforts in providing nursing students with the knowledge necessary to provide competent care and serve as advocates for our nation's heroes...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562450/considerations-for-residency-programs-regarding-accepting-undocumented-students-who-are-daca-recipients
#3
Sunny Nakae, Denisse Rojas Marquez, Isha Marina Di Bartolo, Raquel Rodriguez
The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) initiative provides for the temporary deferral of enforcement of immigration laws for certain undocumented individuals brought to the United States before age 16. More than 50 medical schools now consider applicants who are DACA recipients, and medical school graduates with DACA are eligible to continue their training in graduate medical education. In this article, the authors summarize current policy and provide data on DACA recipients in medical school. They then review the implications for considering DACA recipients in graduate medical education, including employment guidelines, employer responsibilities, training at Veterans Affairs facilities, research funding, and professional licensure...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427430/profile-and-professional-expectations-of-medical-students-from-11-latin-american-countries-the-red-lirhus-project
#4
Percy Mayta-Tristán, Reneé Pereyra-Elías, Juan José Montenegro-Idrogo, Christian R Mejia, Fiorella Inga-Berrospi, Edward Mezones-Holguín
BACKGROUND: Latin America is undergoing a human resource crisis in health care in terms of labor shortage, misdistribution and poor orientation to primary care. Workforce data are needed to inform the planning of long-term strategies to address this problem. This study aimed to evaluate the academic and motivational profile, as well as the professional expectations, of Latin American medical students. RESULTS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional, multi-country study evaluating medical students from 11 Spanish-speaking countries in 2011-2012...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395598/improving-clerkship-preparedness-a-hospital-medicine-elective-for-pre-clerkship-students
#5
Denise M Connor, Paul J Conlon, Bridget C O'Brien, Calvin L Chou
BACKGROUND: Medical students often struggle to apply their nascent clinical skills in clerkships. While transitional clerkships can orient students to new roles and logistics, students may benefit from developing clinical skills in inpatient environments earlier in their curriculum to improve readiness for clerkships. INTERVENTION: Our four- to six-session elective provides pre-clerkship students with individualized learning in the inpatient setting with the aim of improving clerkship preparedness...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791276/the-2016-accp-pharmacotherapy-didactic-curriculum-toolkit
#6
Terry L Schwinghammer, Andrew J Crannage, Eric G Boyce, Bridget Bradley, Alyssa Christensen, Henry M Dunnenberger, Michelle Fravel, Holly Gurgle, Drayton A Hammond, Jennifer Kwon, Douglas Slain, Kurt A Wargo
The 2016 American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) Educational Affairs Committee was charged with updating and contemporizing ACCP's 2009 Pharmacotherapy Didactic Curriculum Toolkit. The toolkit has been designed to guide schools and colleges of pharmacy in developing, maintaining, and modifying their curricula. The 2016 committee reviewed the recent medical literature and other documents to identify disease states that are responsive to drug therapy. Diseases and content topics were organized by organ system, when feasible, and grouped into tiers as defined by practice competency...
November 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789575/us-medical-schools-awareness-of-their-students-who-smoke-cessation-programs-available-and-the-potential-impact-on-residency-match
#7
Joseph E Chidiac, Ahmed Mohamed, Madhumitha Krishnamoorthy, Karim Mahmoud, Geethapriya Rajasekaranrathnakumar, Mohan Palla, Diane L Levine
INTRODUCTION: Hospital systems are adopting strict nicotine-free policies excluding hiring individuals who smoke, including residents for graduate medical training. This study was conducted to (1) determine medical schools' awareness of these policies, (2) awareness of their students' smoking behaviors, and (3) the smoking cessation programs that they provide. METHODS: A survey was developed to learn about the smoking policies of medical schools in the United States: how school leadership estimates smoking prevalence among their students, what those estimates are, and what programs are in place to help students quit smoking...
October 27, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192789/-designing-and-operating-a-comprehensive-mental-health-management-system-to-support-faculty-at-a-university-that-contains-a-medical-school-and-university-hospital
#8
Chiaki Kawanishi
In Japan, healthcare professionals and healthcare workers typically practice a culture of self-assessment when it comes to managing their own health. Even where this background leads to instances of mental health disorders or other serious problems within a given organization, such cases are customarily addressed by the psychiatrists or psychiatric departments of the facilities affected. Organized occupational mental health initiatives for professionals and workers within the healthcare system are extremely rare across Japan, and there is little recognition of the need for such initiatives even among those most directly affected...
2016: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075499/ranking-practice-variability-in-the-medical-student-performance-evaluation-so-bad-it-s-good
#9
Megan Boysen Osborn, James Mattson, Justin Yanuck, Craig Anderson, Ara Tekian, John Christian Fox, Ilene B Harris
PURPOSE: To examine the variability among medical schools in ranking systems used in medical student performance evaluations (MSPEs). METHOD: The authors reviewed MSPEs from U.S. MD-granting medical schools received by the University of California, Irvine emergency medicine and internal medicine residency programs during 2012-2013 and 2014-2015. They recorded whether the school used a ranking system, the type of ranking system used, the size and description of student categories, the location of the ranking statement and category legend, and whether nonranking schools used language suggestive of rank...
November 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26445746/-j-e-gilibert-s-didactic-views
#10
Wanda Grębecka
When J.E. Gilibert was nominated to head the Chair of Natural History in Vilnius, his task was to introduce education with European standards. He was aware of the potential of his students and the level of their secondary school education. At that time (1781), no textbooks were available in Poland presenting knowledge of botany; the first was written in 1785. Teachers were using assorted, sometimes hardly practical materials, such as excerpts from Roman authors. Gilibert was familiar with this situation from his experience in Grodno, where he had taught for 6 years...
2015: Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki: Kwartal'nyĭ Zhurnal Istorii Nauki i Tekhniki -
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26387908/innovations-in-service-learning-a-novel-program-for-community-service-at-nyu-school-of-medicine
#11
Nola Seta Herlihy, Christina Brown
PROBLEM: As NYU medical students, the authors determined that there was no structured form of service learning in their curriculum. They sought to establish a service program that recognizes students for their dedication to community service in both the NYU and NYC communities. APPROACH: In 2012, with the support of the Office of Student Affairs (OSA), the authors created the NYU School of Medicine Community Service Program (CSP). The program tracks and verifies students' participation in service projects...
2015: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26291414/researching-applicants-online-in-the-veterinary-program-admissions-process-perceptions-practices-and-implications-for-curricular-change
#12
Lori R Kogan, Peter W Hellyer, Sherry M Stewart, Dean A Hendrickson, Kristy L Dowers, Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher
As the use of social media websites continues to grow among adults 18-34 years old, it is necessary to examine the consequences of online disclosure to the veterinary admissions processes and to consider the effects on the professional integrity of veterinary schools and on the e-professionalism of DVM graduates. Prior research has shown that employers, across all fields, routinely use information from social media sites to make hiring decisions. In veterinary medicine, a little over one-third of private practitioners reported using online information in the selection of new associates...
2015: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26205985/-chances-and-potential-of-a-modern-surgical-skills-lab-as-substantial-practical-part-of-the-study-of-human-medicine-the-magdeburg-model
#13
S Piatek, S Altmann, H-J Haß, K Werwick, K Winkler-Stuck, P Zardo, S von Daake, B Baumann, A Rahmanzadeh, C Chiapponi, K Reschke, F Meyer
Introduction: Surgical education of medical students within "skills labs" have not been standardised throughout Germany as yet; there is a substantial impact of available aspects such as personal and space at the various medical schools. Aim: The aim of this contribution is to illustrate the concept of a surgical skills lab in detail, including curricular teaching and integrated facultative courses at the Medical School, University of Magdeburg ("The Magdeburg Model") in the context of a new and reconstructed area for the skills lab at the Magdeburg's apprenticeship center for medical basic abilities (MAMBA)...
February 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25980893/front-matter
#14
(no author information available yet)
The pHealth 2015 Conference is the 12th in a series of scientific events bringing together expertise from medical, technological, political, administrative, and social domains, and even from philosophy or linguistics. It opens a new chapter in the success story of the series of international conferences on wearable or implantable micro and nano technologies for personalized medicine by presenting keynotes, invited talks, oral presentations, and short poster presentations provided by close to 100 authors from 20 countries from various parts of the world...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25922920/how-do-medical-schools-identify-and-remediate-professionalism-lapses-in-medical-students-a-study-of-u-s-and-canadian-medical-schools
#15
Deborah Ziring, Deborah Danoff, Suely Grosseman, Debra Langer, Amanda Esposito, Mian Kouresch Jan, Steven Rosenzweig, Dennis Novack
PURPOSE: Teaching and assessing professionalism is an essential element of medical education, mandated by accrediting bodies. Responding to a call for comprehensive research on remediation of student professionalism lapses, the authors explored current medical school policies and practices. METHOD: In 2012-2013, key administrators at U.S. and Canadian medical schools accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education were interviewed via telephone or e-mail...
July 2015: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25823175/intellectual-wellness-awareness-a-neglected-area-in-medical-universities-of-pakistan
#16
Ayesha Saba Naz, Rehana Rehman, Shah Jahan Katpar, Mehwish Hussain
OBJECTIVE: To compare the presence of intellectual wellness awareness in students of public and private sector medical colleges in a metropolitan city. METHODS: The cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted from March to November 2011 at Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Karachi, and overall covered five private and 3 public sector medical colleges of the city.The study randomly selected 800 medical students.The responses - never, sometimes, mostly and always (numbered 0-4)--were analysed in terms of frequency, proportion and percentages using Predictive Analysis Software version 18...
September 2014: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25813318/estimation-of-optimal-educational-cost-per-medical-student
#17
Eunbae B Yang, Seunghee Lee
PURPOSE: This study aims to estimate the optimal educational cost per medical student. METHODS: A private medical college in Seoul was targeted by the study, and its 2006 learning environment and data from the 2003~2006 budget and settlement were carefully analyzed. Through interviews with 3 medical professors and 2 experts in the economics of education, the study attempted to establish the educational cost estimation model, which yields an empirically computed estimate of the optimal cost per student in medical college...
September 2009: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25601246/partnership-to-improve-quality-care-for-veterans-the-va-nursing-academy
#18
Doreen C Harper, Cynthia S Selleck, Gregory Eagerton, Kimberly Froelich
More than 22 million living veterans reside in the United States. In fact, understanding military culture and the experiences of these veterans is important to their ongoing health care and the unique challenges faced by many. The Veterans Affairs (VA) Nursing Academy began in 2007 to fund pilot partnerships between schools of nursing and local VA health care facilities to better serve our veteran population. Fifteen academic/service partnerships were selected for funding between 2007 and 2009 with the goals of expanding faculty and professional development, increasing nursing student enrollment, providing opportunities for educational and practice innovations, and increasing the recruitment and retention of VA nurses...
January 2015: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25470311/preventing-and-managing-unprofessionalism-in-medical-school-faculties
#19
Renee Binder, Amy Friedli, Elena Fuentes-Afflick
Professionalism is a required competency for medical students, residents, practicing physicians, and academic faculty. Faculty members must adhere to codes of conduct or risk discipline. The authors describe issues of unprofessionalism that culminate in allegations of faculty misconduct or filing of grievances in academic medicine and outline strategies for early intervention and prevention. The authors, vice and associate deans and executive director of the office of faculty affairs at a large U.S. medical school, have handled many allegations of unprofessional conduct over the past decade...
April 2015: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25413397/medical-student-mentorship-in-radiation-oncology-at-a-single-academic-institution-a-10-year-analysis
#20
Ariel E Hirsch, Ankit Agarwal, Alexander E Rand, Nicholas J DeNunzio, Krishnan R Patel, Minh Tam Truong, Gregory A Russo, Lisa A Kachnic
PURPOSE: Mentorship has been identified by medical students, residents, and faculty as an important component of specialty selection and research productivity in radiation oncology. This study quantitatively analyzes the impact of a mentorship program in radiation oncology targeted to medical students at our institution. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We performed a retrospective review of 76 current or former medical students who were mentored by faculty radiation oncologists at our institution between 2004 and 2013...
May 2015: Practical Radiation Oncology
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