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Medical student wellness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632015/the-associations-between-clerkship-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-grades-and-subsequent-performance
#1
Ting Dong, Christopher Zahn, Aaron Saguil, Kimberly A Swygert, Michelle Yoon, Jessica Servey, Steven Durning
Construct: We investigated the extent of the associations between medical students' clinical competency measured by performance in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) during Obstetrics/Gynecology and Family Medicine clerkships and later performance in both undergraduate and graduate medical education. BACKGROUND: There is a relative dearth of studies on the correlations between undergraduate OSCE scores and future exam performance within either undergraduate or graduate medical education and almost none on linking these simulated encounters to eventual patient care...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632014/coaching-the-coach-a-program-for-development-of-faculty-portfolio-coaches
#2
Jack Kopechek, Cheryl Bardales, A Todd Lash, Curtis Walker, Sheryl Pfeil, Cynthia H Ledford
PROBLEM: Faculty coaching is recognized as an essential element for effective use of portfolios in undergraduate medical education, yet best practices for training these coaches are uncertain. INTERVENTION: New portfolio coaches participated in a multifaceted training program that included orienting modules, a 7.5-hr training workshop featuring analysis of reflective writing, an Observed Structured Teaching Exercise (OSTE), and subsequent longitudinal coaches' meetings for timely task training...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#3
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632007/what-do-medical-students-do-for-self-care-a-student-centered-approach-to-well-being
#4
Erin E Ayala, Aisha M Omorodion, Dennis Nmecha, Jeffrey S Winseman, Hyacinth R C Mason
Phenomenon: Despite the promotion of medical student health and wellness through recent program and curricular changes, research continues to show that medical education is associated with decreased well-being in medical students. Although many institutions have sought to more effectively assess and improve self-care in medical students, no self-care initiatives have been designed using the explicit perspectives of students themselves. APPROACH: Using concept mapping methodology, the research team created a student-generated taxonomy of self-care behaviors taken from a national sample of medical students in response to a brainstorming prompt...
February 16, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629455/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-autonomy-childbirth-practices-and-obstetric-fistula-among-women-in-rural-lilongwe-district-malawi
#5
Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan, Reginald Chunda
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by prolonged obstructed labor, many other factors indirectly increase fistula risk. Some research suggests that many women in rural Malawi have limited autonomy and decision-making power in their households. We hypothesize that women's limited autonomy may play a role in reinforcing childbirth practices that increase the risk of obstetric fistula in this setting by hindering access to emergency care and further prolonging obstructed labor...
June 19, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626270/impact-of-a-student-pharmacist-driven-medication-reconciliation-and-antidepressant-treatment-history-project-at-a-depression-clinic-a-pilot-study
#6
Stella S Tang, Leanna Jaward, Kristen Ward, Sagar V Parikh, Jolene R Bostwick
OBJECTIVES: To improve treatment of patients with depression, a new pilot service project involving student pharmacists who would conduct medication reconciliation and review of antidepressant treatment history was created and evaluated. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A prospective study conducted at the University of Michigan Depression Center. PRINCIPAL OBSERVATIONS: From an initial sample of 78 referrals, 41 subjects were reached by phone, with 34 completing medication reconciliation and antidepressant treatment history...
May 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620859/perception-and-practices-of-tobacco-smoking-among-medical-students-in-the-nile-delta-egypt
#7
Ibrahim Ali Kabbash, Sameh Magdy Sarsik, Mahmoud Ibrahim Kabbash, Aya Abdul-Rahman Hagar, Nahlah Mohammad Othman, Mohammad Fahmy Ismail, Mohammad Rasmy Elazoul, Salem Mohammed Salem
This study was conducted to identify medical students' perception and practices towards tobacco smoking, as well as to identify factors affecting their adoption to smoking habit, among medical students in the Nile Delta. From December 2014 to February 2015, a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted at the four faculties of medicine in the Nile Delta. A total of 1715 students were targeted from the 2nd to 6th academic years to represent different levels of knowledge, awareness, and the influence of medical education on their attitude towards smoking...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617176/university-student-perceptions-about-the-motives-for-and-consequences-of-non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-nmupd
#8
Kathleen A Parks, Kristine Levonyan-Radloff, Sarahmona M Przybyla, Sherri Darrow, Mark Muraven, Amy Hequembourg
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to increase qualitative understanding of student motives for and consequences associated with nonmedical use of prescription drugs. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-one students participated in eight focus groups between April and November 2013. METHODS: Students described prescription drugs commonly used for nonmedical reasons, as well as the motives for and consequences associated with their use. Data were analyzed using thematic content analysis...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616413/the-condition-of-interdisciplinary-communication-among-various-educational-and-research-departments-of-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#9
Elaheh Mazaheri, Ehsan Geraei, Firoozeh Zare-Farashbandi, Ahmad Papi
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to assess interdisciplinary communication among various Educational and Research Departments of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) in clinical medical sciences using social network analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out using scientometrics method and interdisciplinary communication network analysis. Interdisciplinary network of 1298 articles in medical sciences published in Journal of Isfahan Medical School was evaluated using macro- and micro-level criteria of network analysis...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612400/in-search-of-educational-efficiency-30-years-of-medical-education-s-top-cited-articles
#10
J Cristian Rangel, Carrie Cartmill, Maria Athina Martimianakis, Ayelet Kuper, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Academic journals represent shared spaces wherein the significance of thematic areas, methodologies and paradigms are debated and shaped through collective engagement. By studying journals in their historical and cultural contexts, the academic community can gain insight into the ways in which authors and audiences propose, develop, harness, revise and discard research subjects, methodologies and practices. METHODS: Thirty top-cited articles published in Medical Education between 1986 and 2014 were analysed in a two-step process...
June 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612388/dermatopathology-education-in-the-era-of-modern-technology
#11
REVIEW
Neda Shahriari, Jane Grant-Kels, Michael J Murphy
Continuing technological advances are inevitably impacting the study and practice of dermatopathology. We are seeing the transition from glass slide microscopy to virtual microscopy, which is serving both as an accessible educational medium for medical students, residents and fellows in the form of online databases and atlases, as well as a research tool to better inform us regarding the development of visual diagnostic expertise. Expansion in mobile technology is simplifying slide image attainment and providing greater opportunities for phone- and tablet-based microscopy, including teledermatopathology instruction and consultation in resource-poor areas with lack of specialists...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610941/implementation-of-a-pharmacist-driven-immunization-program-designed-to-improve-overall-vaccination-rates-in-indigent-and-uninsured-patients
#12
Allison M Stilwell, Chris Pavero, Jennifer Buxton, Glenn Herrington
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the results of a pharmacist-driven immunization program designed to increase overall vaccination rates among the low-income, uninsured patients in a free clinic. SETTING: Cape Fear Clinic, a free clinic located in Wilmington, North Carolina. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Cape Fear Clinic provides medical, pharmacy, mental health, and dental services to adults in four eastern North Carolina counties who are uninsured and have incomes of no more than 200% of Federal Poverty Guidelines...
June 10, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607229/recognition-and-treatment-of-law-enforcement-violence-against-detainees-and-prisoners-a-survey-among-israeli-physicians-and-medical-students
#13
Zvi Benninga, Bettina Steiner-Birmanns, Revital Arbel, Firas Abu Akar, Mushira Aboo Dia
INTRODUCTION: Physicians regularly encounter victims of violence. Although some at-risk groups are increasingly recognized as such, the risks faced by prisoners and detainees are often overlooked. The scope of violence against them is unknown and their treatment is often hampered by unique social and institutional impediments. This article reviews the need for improved recognition and protection of such patients and the associated obstacles, while presenting information on the experience, knowledge and attitudes of physicians in Israel regarding the maltreatment of prisoners and detainees...
2017: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604933/educational-performance-of-children-born-prematurely
#14
Craig F Garfield, Krzysztof Karbownik, Karna Murthy, Gustave Falciglia, Jonathan Guryan, David N Figlio, Jeffrey Roth
Importance: Survivors of preterm birth often present with medical morbidities; however, variation in their long-term educational performance has not been well described. Objective: To estimate the association between gestational age and 4 outcomes in school-aged children: readiness to enter kindergarten, scores on standardized tests in elementary and middle school, gifted status, and low performance. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a retrospective cohort study, children born in Florida between 1992 and 2002 at 23 to 41 weeks' gestation who entered Florida's public schools between 1995 and 2012 were assessed for kindergarten readiness and tested in mathematics and reading in grades 3 through 8...
June 12, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603351/the-effect-of-balance-taping-for-prevention-of-menstrual-pain-in-female-middle-school-students
#15
Keun-Sang Yum, Sung-Goo Kang, Hyun-Jin Han
[Purpose] The age at menarche in Korean women has been declining sharply. However, for the students who are just beginning to menstruate, taking pain medication might become a long-term habit continuing until adulthood. Therefore, this study investigated whether balance taping would be more helpful than medication in relieving the pain. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects of this study included 125 female students. The participants were assigned to the balance taping group, the control group, and the medication group...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602526/resident-operative-experience-at-independent-academic-medical-centers-a-comparison-to-the-national-cohort
#16
Amit R T Joshi, Amber W Trickey, Benjamin T Jarman, Kara J Kallies, Robert Josloff, Jonathan M Dort, Ravi Kothuru
PURPOSE: Independent Academic Medical Centers (IAMCs) comprise one-third of U.S. general surgery training programs. It is unclear whether IAMCs offer qualitatively or quantitatively different operative experiences than the national cohort. We analyzed a large representative sample of IAMCs to compare operative volume and variety, with a focus on low-volume procedures. METHODS: Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Program Case Reports from 27 IAMCs were collected and analyzed for 3 academic years (2012-2015)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599822/a-large-scale-peer-teaching-programme-acceptance-and-benefit
#17
Elisabeth Schuetz, Barbara Obirei, Daniela Salat, Julia Scholz, Dagmar Hann, Kathrin Dethleffsen
INTRODUCTION: The involvement of students in the embodiment of university teaching through peer-assisted learning formats is commonly applied. Publications on this topic exclusively focus on strictly defined situations within the curriculum and selected target groups. This study, in contrast, presents and evaluates a large-scale structured and quality-assured peer teaching programme, which offers diverse and targeted courses throughout the preclinical part of the medical curriculum. METHODS: The large-scale peer teaching programme consists of subject specific and interdisciplinary tutorials that address all scientific, physiological and anatomic subjects of the preclinical curriculum as well as tutorials with contents exceeding the formal curriculum...
June 6, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598927/intraoperative-analgesia-nociception-index-guided-fentanyl-administration-during-sevoflurane-anesthesia-in-lumbar-discectomy-and-laminectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Henry D Upton, Guy L Ludbrook, Andrew Wing, Jamie W Sleigh
BACKGROUND: The "Analgesia Nociception Index" (ANI; MetroDoloris Medical Systems, Lille, France) is a proposed noninvasive guide to analgesia derived from an electrocardiogram trace. ANI is scaled from 0 to 100; with previous studies suggesting that values ≥50 can indicate adequate analgesia. This clinical trial was designed to investigate the effect of intraoperative ANI-guided fentanyl administration on postoperative pain, under anesthetic conditions optimized for ANI functioning...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597874/evaluation-of-an-extracurricular-program-for-students-interested-in-rural-and-public-health
#19
Do-Hwan Kim, Ah Reum An, Eun Jeong Kim, Jong-Koo Lee, Seung-Hee Lee
PURPOSE: The problem regarding the geographic imbalance of the physician workforce has been a long-standing problem in South Korea. Additionally, rural medicine and public health have been marginalized across whole undergraduate curriculums. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an extracurricular program targeting medical students interested in rural and public health. METHODS: A 2-day extracurricular program was held twice in 2015 and 2016...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595686/attitudes-of-nursing-facilities-staff-toward-pharmacy-students-interaction-with-its-residents
#20
Donna Adkins, Paul Gavaza, Sharon Deel
OBJECTIVE: All Appalachian College of Pharmacy second-year students undertake the longitudinal geriatric early pharmacy practice experiences (EPPE) 2 course, which involves interacting with geriatric residents in two nursing facilities over two semesters. The study investigated the nursing staff's perceptions about the rotation and the pharmacy students' interaction with nursing facility residents. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Academic setting...
June 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
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