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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934771/stimulating-the-clinical-academics-of-tomorrow-a-survey-of-research-opportunities-for-medical-students-in-new-zealand
#1
Ibrahim S Al-Busaidi, Cameron I Wells
Developing the clinical academic workforce of the future is a priority of international relevance. Despite a number of measures implemented to address this challenge, a small proportion of medical students engage in research. Lack of knowledge of available research opportunities, and difficulty finding projects and suitable mentors are key barriers to undergraduate medical research. To date, there is no consolidated source of information on undergraduate research training opportunities and their outcomes available to medical students in New Zealand...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934174/attitudes-beliefs-and-predictors-of-male-circumcision-promotion-among-medical-university-students-in-a-traditionally-non-circumcising-region
#2
Maria Ganczak, Marcin Korzeń, Maciej Olszewski
Objective: To evaluate the beliefs of medical university students regarding male circumcision (MC), as well as attitudes and the predictors of its promotion in the case of adults at risk of HIV. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between 2013-2016 at the Medical University in Szczecin, Poland, among final year Polish/foreign students from Northern Europe, using a standardized questionnaire. Results: There were 539 participants, median age 25 years, 40.8% males, and 66.8% were Polish nationals. The MC rate was 16...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930807/breadth-of-genetic-testing-selected-by-patients-at-risk-of-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer
#3
J Brian Szender, Jasmine Kaur, Katherine Clayback, Mollie L Hutton, June Mikkelson, Kunle Odunsi, Cara Dresbold
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of patients at risk of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome to select the extent of genetic testing personally preferred and the impact of demographic factors on the breadth of testing pursued. METHODS: A single-institution cohort was enumerated consisting of patients referred for clinical genetic counseling secondary to risk of HBOC syndrome. This was a retrospective study of consecutive patients seen for genetic counseling; all patients completed an epidemiologic questionnaire and provided personal and family medical histories...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930762/competency-based-medical-education-in-the-internal-medicine-clerkship-a-report-from-the-alliance-for-academic-internal-medicine-undergraduate-medical-education-task-force
#4
Sara B Fazio, Cynthia H Ledford, Paul B Aronowitz, Shobhina G Chheda, John H Choe, Stephanie A Call, Scott D Gitlin, Marty Muntz, L James Nixon, Anne G Pereira, John W Ragsdale, Emily A Stewart, Karen E Hauer
As medical educators continue to redefine learning and assessment across the continuum, implementation of competency-based medical education in the undergraduate setting has become a focus of many medical schools. While standards of competency have been defined for the graduating student, there is no uniform approach for defining competency expectations for students during their core clerkship year. The authors describe the process by which an Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine task force developed a paradigm for competency-based assessment of students during their inpatient internal medicine (IM) clerkship...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927332/qualitative-and-quantitative-feedback-in-the-context-of-competency-based-education
#5
Ara Tekian, Christopher J Watling, Trudie E Roberts, Yvonne Steinert, John Norcini
Research indicates the importance and usefulness of feedback, yet with the shift of medical curricula toward competencies, feedback is not well understood in this context. This paper attempts to identify how feedback fits within a competency-based curriculum. After careful consideration of the literature, the following conclusions are drawn: (1) Because feedback is predicated on assessment, the assessment should be designed to optimize and prevent inaccuracies in feedback; (2) Giving qualitative feedback in the form of a conversation would lend credibility to the feedback, address emotional obstacles and create a context in which feedback is comfortable; (3) Quantitative feedback in the form of individualized data could fulfill the demand for more feedback, help students devise strategies on how to improve, allow students to compare themselves to their peers, recognizing that big data have limitations; and (4) Faculty development needs to incorporate and promote cultural and systems changes with regard to feedback...
September 19, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926849/-a-nationwide-survey-of-undergraduate-training-in-orthopaedics-and-trauma-surgery
#6
Miriam Ruesseler, Susanne Froehlich, Sigrid Ruesseler, Julian Zabel, Jasmina Sterz, Udo Obertacke
Background Musculoskeletal conditions are the most frequent cause of long-term pain and disability. Scientifically funded, structured training would be highly desirable for all medical students and of great economic relevance for the health care system. The present article portrays the status quo of undergraduate training in orthopaedics and trauma surgery, with a comparison to the status quo of 2008. Material and Methods A 51-item questionnaire was sent to all heads of the departments of orthopaedics or trauma surgery at the 37 medical faculties in Germany...
September 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923046/short-duration-podcasts-as-a-supplementary-learning-tool-perceptions-of-medical-students-and-impact-on-assessment-performance
#7
S S Prakash, N Muthuraman, R Anand
BACKGROUND: Use of podcasts has several advantages in medical education. Podcasts can be of different types based on their length: short (1-5 min), moderate (6-15 min) and long (>15 min) duration. Short-duration podcasts are unique since they can deliver high-yield information in a short time. The perceptions of medical students towards short-duration podcasts are not well understood and this study aimed to analyze the same. An exploratory analysis of students' podcast usage and performance in summative assessments was also undertaken...
September 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919591/the-establishment-and-operation-of-longjing-medical-college-the-history-of-longjing-medical-college-as-frontier-history-focusing-on-its-disconnection-and-continuity
#8
Mira Moon, Young-Jeon Shin
Longjing Medial College, established in Longjing, Yanbian, China on September 12, 1945, existed for about 1 year and 6 months until it was renamed as the Medical Department of Dongbei Junzheng Daxue Jilin Fenxiao in April 1947. However, there are only few records and studies on Longjing Medical College in Yanbian as well as in Korea. In order to fill the gap, this study attempted to restore the history of Longjing Medical College built in Yanbian, China immediately after the liberation. In particular, it analyzed how and why the Longjing Medical College was founded and operated, and which relations the college had with the post-war medical educational institutions, focusing on the 'disconnection' and 'continuity' in the historical sense...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914395/repetitive-on-demand-drug-release-from-polymeric-matrices-containing-a-macroscopic-spherical-iron-core
#9
Stefan A Rovers, Maartje F Kemmere, Jos T F Keurentjes, Richard Hoogenboom
A system for multiple on-demand drug release has been prepared that can be activated with an alternating magnetic field as external trigger. The core/shell samples have been developed based on a macroscopic spherical iron core coated with a thermoresponsive polymer, poly(styrene-stat-butyl methacrylate), containing ibuprofen as a model drug. During exposure of the samples to the magnetic field (ON state), the release rate of ibuprofen is significantly increased, up to 35 times the release rate without the magnetic field (OFF state)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912113/mobile-augmented-reality-as-a-feature-for-self-oriented-blended-learning-in-medicine-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Christoph Noll, Ute von Jan, Ulrike Raap, Urs-Vito Albrecht
BACKGROUND: Advantages of mobile Augmented Reality (mAR) application-based learning versus textbook-based learning were already shown in a previous study. However, it was unclear whether the augmented reality (AR) component was responsible for the success of the self-developed app or whether this was attributable to the novelty of using mobile technology for learning. OBJECTIVE: The study's aim was to test the hypothesis whether there is no difference in learning success between learners who employed the mobile AR component and those who learned without it to determine possible effects of mAR...
September 14, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910210/gender-differences-in-nonprescribed-psychostimulant-use-in-young-adults
#11
Tess E Smith, Alan D DeSantis, Michelle M Martel
BACKGROUND: In order to better understand the recent rise in nonprescribed use of psychostimulants on college campuses, motives, outcomes, and acceptability of nonprescribed psychostimulants have been evaluated. Despite knowledge that students use nonprescribed medical stimulants for improved academic performance and recreational use, gender differences in these motives have not been examined, despite the fact that the social construction of gender may well affect motives for use. OBJECTIVES: The goal of the present study was to examine gender differences in motives, outcomes, and acceptability of nonprescribed psychostimulant use...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905346/-creating-enthusiasm-for-surgery-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-undergraduate-practical-education-clerkship-for-occupational-choices
#12
Katrin Werwick, Anke Spura, Marc Gottschalk, Frank Meyer, Felix Walcher, Sarah König, Rüdiger Braun-Dullaeus, Philipp Stieger
Background/Aim Surgical and other disciplines have been noticing difficulties in recruiting junior staff for several years. In response to a decrease in interest within study courses, surgical associations recommend better supervision during undergraduate practical education as "clerkships" in order to increase the attractiveness of surgery. This clerkship has an initiation function, as students for the first time - albeit marginally - can act as physicians. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of clerkships on the disciplinary orientations and preferences of undergraduates' perceptions of specialist training...
September 13, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905272/what-is-a%C3%A2-good-doctor
#13
REVIEW
Verena Steiner-Hofbauer, Beate Schrank, Anita Holzinger
Changes in medical curricula have led to a shift of focus in medical education. The goal was to implement a more practical approach to teaching and thereby create better doctors. However, the question of what makes a good doctor is not easy to answer. This article gives an overview on the literature about this topic. A systematized review and narrative synthesis were conducted including 20 articles about the features of good doctors. Qualitative and quantitative studies as well as questionnaires were included...
September 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900353/brain-doping-stimulants-use-and-misuse-among-a-sample-of-italian-college-students
#14
REVIEW
S Majori, D Gazzani, S Pilati, J Paiano, A Sannino, S Ferrari, E Checchin
INTRODUCTION: The non-medical use of prescription stimulants (NMUPS) has become the subject of great interest for its diffusion among university students, who abuse these substances to cope with the increasing load of academic stress. NMUPS has been widely investigated in the U.S. due to its increasing trend; this behavior, however, has also been reported in Europe. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine stimulants misuse in a Northern Italian geographic area, identifying possible developments of the phenomenon in Italy...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899378/prevalence-rates-of-childhood-trauma-in-medical-students-a-systematic-review
#15
Eimear King, Claire Steenson, Ciaran Shannon, Ciaran Mulholland
BACKGROUND: It is known that medical students suffer from high rates of mental health difficulties. In recent years there has been an increasing focus on the need to improve support and treatment services for those in difficulty. In order to meet these needs it is important to clarify the relevant aetiological factors. There is robust evidence from general population studies that a history of childhood trauma (including physical and sexual abuse and emotional neglect) predisposes to the subsequent development of mental health difficulties in adult life...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898986/building-a-new-transfusion-service
#16
John R Hess, Brenda K Hayden, Virginia G Cruz-Cody, Max J Louzon, Erin E Tuott, Nina E Sen, Roxann Gary, Patrick J Ramos, Jennifer A Daniel-Johnson, Ryan A Metcalf, Monica B Pagano
Objectives: For over 60 years, Harborview Medical Center (HMC) in Seattle has received its blood components and pretransfusion testing from a centralized transfusion service operated by the regional blood supplier. In 2011, a hospital-based transfusion service (HBTS) was activated. Methods: After 5 years of operation, we evaluated the effects of the HBTS by reviewing records of hospital blood use, quality system events, blood product delivery times, and costs. Furthermore, the effects of in-house expertise on laboratory medicine resident and medical laboratory scientist student training, as well as regulatory and accrediting agency concerns, were reviewed...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894913/european-otorhinolaryngology-training-programs-results-of-a-european-survey-about-training-satisfaction-work-environment-and-conditions-in-six-countries
#17
N Oker, Naif H Alotaibi, A C Reichelt, P Herman, M Bernal-Sprekelsen, Andreas E Albers
ORL-students and residents have an ongoing debate about the "best" programme in Europe. Aim of this study was to comparatively assess differences among programmes in training, satisfaction, quality of life (QoL) of residents and recent otorhinolaryngologist (ORL) specialists in France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Austria, and Belgium. A self-administered anonymous questionnaire, structured in ten sections including general information, provided guidance, working environment, training structure, teaching of medical students, publication work, QoL, and satisfaction with training, were emailed to residents and recent ORL specialists...
September 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893747/the-health-and-well-being-of-australia-s-future-medical-doctors-protocol-for-a-5-year-observational-cohort-study-of-medical-trainees
#18
Erin Cvejic, Gordon Parker, Samuel B Harvey, Zachery Steel, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Claire L Macnamara, Uté Vollmer-Conna
INTRODUCTION: Clinical training in the undergraduate medical course places multiple stressors on trainees, which have been held to lead to heightened distress, depression, suicide, substance misuse/abuse and poor mental health outcomes. To date, evidence for morbidity in trainees is largely derived from cross-sectional survey-based research. This limits the accuracy of estimates and the extent to which predispositional vulnerabilities (biological and/or psychological), contextual triggers and longer-term consequences can be validly identified...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893238/monitoring-progression-of-clinical-reasoning-skills-during-health-sciences-education-using-the-case-method-a-qualitative-observational-study
#19
Kristina Orban, Maria Ekelin, Gudrun Edgren, Olof Sandgren, Pia Hovbrandt, Eva K Persson
BACKGROUND: Outcome- or competency-based education is well established in medical and health sciences education. Curricula are based on courses where students develop their competences and assessment is also usually course-based. Clinical reasoning is an important competence, and the aim of this study was to monitor and describe students' progression in professional clinical reasoning skills during health sciences education using observations of group discussions following the case method...
September 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893021/prediction-of-the-dimensions-of-the-spiritual-well-being-of-students-at-kermanshah-university-of-medical-sciences-iran-the-roles-of-demographic-variables
#20
Arash Ziapour, Alireza Khatony, Faranak Jafari, Neda Kianipour
INTRODUCTION: Spiritual well-being is one of the aspects of well-being which organize the physical, psychological, and social aspects. Given the outstanding and unique roles of students in society, providing spiritual well-being as well as identifying and eliminating the negative factors affecting their mental well-being are of the essence. AIM: The present study aimed to predict the dimensions of the spiritual well-being of students at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences and to investigate the roles of demographic variables in this respect...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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