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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334480/strategies-for-enhancing-medical-student-resilience-student-and-faculty-member-perspectives
#1
Julia Farquhar, Robert Kamei, Arpana Vidyarthi
Objectives: To improve programs aimed to enhance medical student resiliency, we examined both medical student and faculty advisor perspectives on resiliency-building in an Asian medical school. Methods: In two separate focus groups, a convenience sample of 8 MD-PhD students and 8 faculty advisors were asked to identify strategies for enhancing resilience. Using thematic analysis, two researchers independently examined discussion transcripts and field notes and determined themes through a consensus process...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334444/pregnancy-and-parenthood-during-medical-school
#2
Emma M Bye, Brody W Brisk, Suzanne D Reuter, Keith A Hansen, Mary D Nettleman
PURPOSE: The stress of pregnancy and parenthood during the intense educational experience of medical school could increase the risk of student burnout. Because 9.2 percent of U.S. medical students are parents by graduation, it would seem prudent to include this topic in wellness programs and policies. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pregnancy and parenthood on medical students. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional, internet survey distributed to all four classes of medical students at the University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine during the 2016-2017 academic year...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334301/navigating-social-distance-in-foundational-clinical-encounters-understanding-medical-students-early-experiences-with-diverse-patients
#3
Miesha Roberts-MacDonald, Saleem Razack
BACKGROUND: Social distance between patients and physicians has been shown to affect the quality of care that patients receive. Little is known about how social distance between students and patients is experienced by learners during early clinical exposures in medical school. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore students' stories of experiencing social distance with patients with concordant and discordant social characteristics as themselves, respectively, as well as students' needs from medical curricula regarding developing social competence...
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333700/understanding-australian-medical-student-attitudes-towards-older-people
#4
REVIEW
Mark Ag Wilson, Susan E Kurrle, Ian Wilson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to review the literature around Australian medical student attitudes towards older people. METHODS: An Ovid cross-search and SCOPUS search were performed using keywords such as 'Attitude', 'Medical Student' and 'Aged or Older or Elderly'. RESULTS: Several recent studies have investigated the attitudes of Australian medical students towards older people. Baseline attitudes at two medical schools were positive...
January 14, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331000/evaluation-of-peer-assisted-learning-in-evidence-based-medicine-course-a-pilot-study-at-university-of-glasgow
#5
Syed Hamid Habib, Muhammad Omar Malik, Sadia Fatima, Inayat Shah
BACKGROUND: Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) is a well-established approach in learning and is increasingly being utilized in the medical education system. It is a process where active help of peer group members is taken for learning. This study aimed to look at the impact of peer assisted learning on the students at the end of the session. METHODS: Sixteen Postgraduate students attending Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) course spanning over two semesters (6 months each) were recruited...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328043/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-medical-education-in-georgia-state-of-the-art-and-further-perspectives
#6
I Nadareishvili, K Lunze, G Pkhakadze, N Japiashvili, N Tabagari
Aim - complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is popular in Georgia, but providers' training not well understood or regulated. The aim of this mixed-methods study was to inform the process of implementing quality CAM curricula in Georgia and strategies for the inclusion of effective CAM curricula into medical education in Georgia. We analyzed existing medical curricula. We conducted a contextual analysis based of qualitative data collected from relevant medical education experts, qualified physicians, CAM practitioners and other stakeholders; and administered a quantitative MD students' survey to MD students...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315380/alcohol-and-age
#7
Ilana B Crome, Peter Crome
Alcohol consumption constitutes a substantial burden of disease. Older people are being admitted to hospital for alcohol problems in increasing numbers. A recent systematic review reports cautious supportive evidence for primary prevention interventions in reducing excessive alcohol consumption in older drinkers, but does not focus on treatment of dependent drinkers. The evidence base for treatment interventions for dependent drinkers is comparatively limited, but it is growing. In addition to brief interventions, specialist outpatient treatment and inpatient treatment have been evaluated...
January 5, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314270/association-of-leptin-with-disease-severity-and-inflammation-indicators-in-chinese-obese-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#8
Wenlong Liu, Qingxiang Zeng, Lifeng Zhou, Renzhong Luo, Haipeng Dong
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both obesity and allergic diseases in children has increased over the last several decades. However, the direct relationship between diverse allergic diseases and obesity has varied in different studies. Therefore, we aimed to examine the effect of obesity on the incidence and severity of allergic rhinitis (AR) and the possible key inflammation mediators during AR. METHODS: A total of 3,126 healthy students (without chronic diseases) were recruited from 14 randomly selected secondary schools in Guangzhou, China...
January 4, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311534/selection-and-management-of-medical-official-during-the-yuan-dynasty
#9
Dae-Gi Kim
Although the healthcare system of the Yuan Dynasty followed that of the Song Dynasty, there are certain differences between these two dynasties in terms of practices. Including appointing 'Yihus' in 'Zhusehuji' and setting up 'Guanyitijusi' to oversee Yihus, the Yuan Dynasty developed an effective management system for their physicians and, soon after the coronation of Khubilai, built 'Yixue (Medical school)' all over its territories in order to establish an organized and substantial medical training system...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306382/diagnostic-radiographers-working-in-the-operating-theatre-an-action-research-project
#10
S Naylor, D Foulkes
INTRODUCTION: Failures in interprofessional communication are well-documented and are an established cause of medical error and negative health outcomes. Socio-historical issues like imbalances in power and status are particularly prevalent in the operating theatre environment, adding complications to interprofessional working. Simulation, used in healthcare education, may impact positively on interprofessional working. METHODS: The aim of this action research study was to develop, pilot and run a simulation experience for Diagnostic Radiography (DRAD) students...
February 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305517/allergy-teaching-is-suboptimal-and-heterogeneous-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-in-the-uk
#11
Emily Frances Reid, Mamidupudi Thirumala Krishna, Claire Bethune
AIM: To record the level of allergy teaching occurring in UK medical schools. The UK has experienced an 'allergy epidemic' during the last 3-4 decades. Previous government reviews have emphasised the importance of allergy education and training, treating common allergies in primary care with referral pathways to a specialist and the creation of regional networks. It is acknowledged that the delivery of allergy teaching in UK medical schools is variable, despite the well-recognised need...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302084/current-practices-in-hosting-non-us-pharmacy-students-at-us-pharmacy-schools-in-experiential-clerkships
#12
REVIEW
Sara Al-Dahir, Naser Z Alsharif, Shaun E Gleason, Toyin Tofade, Emily K Flores, Michael Katz, Emily K Dornblaser
Objective: To provide specific considerations for hosting non-U.S. pharmacy students at U.S.-based colleges/schools of pharmacy (C/SOP) for experiential clerkships and training. Findings: A literature review (2000-2016) in PubMed, Google Scholar and IPA databases was conducted using specific keywords. Recommendations and future directions for development of experiential rotations for non-U.S. students in U.S. experiential rotations are presented for both the home and host country. Summary articles and best practices across the disciplines, as well as expert opinion, were found across U...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284918/telemedicine-in-cardiology-perspectives-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#13
REVIEW
Nabil Naser, Salih Tandir, Edin Begic
Introduction: Aim of article was to present perspectives of telemedicine in the field of cardiology in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Material and methods: Article has descriptive character and present review of literature. Results: Information technology can have the application in the education of students, starting from basic medical sciences up to clinical subjects. Information technologies are used for ECG analysis, 24h ECG Holter monitoring, which detects different rhythm disorders...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284843/gastric-volume-and-its-relationship-to-underlying-pathology-or-acid-suppressing-medication
#14
Carli Wittgrove, Esma Birisci, Jeff Kantor, Abdallah Dalabih
Background: Pulmonary aspiration during sedation is a major concern for sedation providers, making identifying high-risk patients a priority. Gastric fluid volume (GFV), an accepted risk factor for aspiration, has not been well characterized in fasting children. We hypothesized that GFV would increase with gastrointestinal (GI) pathology and decrease with regular acid-suppressor use. Aims: The primary objective was to determine baseline GFV in fasting children. The secondary objectives were to evaluate the effect of GI pathology and regular use of acid-suppressing medications on GFV...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284717/association-of-professional-identity-gender-team-understanding-anxiety-and-workplace-learning-alignment-with-burnout-in-junior-doctors-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#15
Lynn V Monrouxe, Alison Bullock, Hsu-Min Tseng, Stephanie E Wells
OBJECTIVES: To examine how burnout across medical student to junior doctor transition relates to: measures of professional identity, team understanding, anxiety, gender, age and workplace learning (assistantship) alignment to first post. DESIGN: A longitudinal 1-year cohort design. Two groups of final-year medical students: (1) those undertaking end-of-year assistantships aligned in location and specialty with their first post and (2) those undertaking assistantships non-aligned...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284253/risk-factors-for-work-related-eczema-and-urticaria-among-vocational-students-of-agriculture
#16
Radosław Śpiewak, Anna Góra-Florek, Andrzej Horoch, Mirosław J Jarosz, Agnieszka Doryńska, Marcin Golec, Jacek Dutkiewicz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Farmers are at high risk of occupational skin diseases which may start already during vocational training. This study was aimed at identification of risk factors for work-related skin diseases among vocational students of agriculture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 440 students (245 males, 195 females aged 17-21 years) in 11 vocational schools which were at least 100 km from each other. The protocol included a physician-managed questionnaire and medical examination, skin prick tests, patch tests, total IgE and Phadiatop...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283950/evaluating-resident-perspectives-on-international-humanitarian-missions
#17
Matthew D Chetta, Afaaf Shakir, Laurence S Paek, Gordon K Lee
BACKGROUND: Opportunities for international missions are highly sought after by medical students, residents, and attending plastic surgeons. The educational benefits and ethical considerations of trainees participating in these ventures have been extensively debated. At the time of this writing, many surgical training programs lack the necessary infrastructure or funds to support missions of this sort. Despite the increasing interest, the perceived benefit of international work has not yet been well studied...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283674/patient-narratives-as-a-teaching-tool-a-pilot-study-of-first-year-medical-students-and-patient-educators-affected-by-intellectual-developmental-disabilities
#18
Alon Coret, Kerry Boyd, Kevin Hobbs, Joyce Zazulak, Meghan McConnell
PROBLEM: People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) face complex biopsychosocial challenges and are medically underserved. This is in part due to insufficient resources and supports but can also be attributed to a lack of adequate physician training in addressing the unique needs of this population. INTERVENTION: This study aimed to introduce 1st-year medical students to the IDD population using a blended educational experience that included video narratives of and direct interactions with people affected by IDD...
December 28, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282058/risk-factors-associated-with-academic-difficulty-in-an-australian-regionally-located-medical-school
#19
Bunmi S Malau-Aduli, Teresa O'Connor, Robin A Ray, Yolanda Kerlen, Michelle Bellingan, Peta-Ann Teague
BACKGROUND: Despite the highly selective admission processes utilised by medical schools, a significant cohort of medical students still face academic difficulties and are at a higher risk of delayed graduation or outright dismissal. METHODS: This study used survival analysis to identify the non-academic and academic risk factors (and their relative risks) associated with academic difficulty at a regionally located medical school. Retrospective non-academic and academic entry data for all medical students who were enrolled at the time of the study (2009-2014) were collated and analysed...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282056/validation-of-the-german-revised-version-of-the-program-in-palliative-care-education-and-practice-questionnaire-pcep-gr
#20
Katharina Fetz, Ursula Wenzel-Meyburg, Christian Schulz-Quach
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of the effectiveness of undergraduate palliative care education (UPCE) programs is an essential foundation to providing high-quality UPCE programs. Therefore, the implementation of valid evaluation tools is indispensable. Until today, there has been no general consensus regarding concrete outcome parameters and their accurate measurement. The Program in Palliative Care Education and Practice Questionnaire (German Revised Version; PCEP-GR) is a promising assessment tool for UPCE...
December 28, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
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