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Narrative research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031139/biomechanics-of-the-infant-foot-during-the-transition-to-independent-walking-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Carina Price, Stewart C Morrison, Farina Hashmi, Jill Phethean, Christopher Nester
Recognising structural and functional development of the paediatric foot is fundamental to ensuring a strong theoretical framework for health professionals and scientists. The transition of an infant from sitting to walking takes approximately 9 months and is when the structures and function of the foot must respond to the challenges of bearing load; becoming increasingly more essential for locomotion. Literature pertaining to the phase of development was searched. A narrative approach synthesised the information from papers written in English, with non-symptomatic infant participants up to the development stage of independent walking or two years of age...
September 6, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029154/interrogating-resilience-in-health-systems-development
#2
Remco van de Pas, Majdi Ashour, Anuj Kapilashrami, Suzanne Fustukian
The Fourth Global Symposium on Health Systems Research was themed around 'Resilient and responsive health systems for a changing world.' This commentary is the outcome of a panel discussion at the symposium in which the resilience discourse and its use in health systems development was critically interrogated. The 2014-15 Ebola outbreak in West-Africa added momentum for the wider adoption of resilient health systems as a crucial element to prepare for and effectively respond to crisis. The growing salience of resilience in development and health systems debates can be attributed in part to development actors and philanthropies such as the Rockefeller Foundation...
September 23, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028777/taboo-in-the-workplace-a-qualitative-study-of-taiwanese-nurses-not-eating-pineapple-in-clinical-practice
#3
Shu-Ling Tsai, Chang-Hsiung Tsai, Yu-Chien Hsu, Mei-Hui Hsieh, Hsia-Tzu Kao, Min-Tao Hsu
There has been an increased emphasis on nurses' mental health and well-being in the workplace. Psychologists have established a correlative link between individual's beliefs on luck and mental health. The pineapple taboo has been observed among Taiwanese hospital nurses as a prevalent superstitious belief for bringing luck or warding off increased clinical workloads, but how and why the ritual persists in the hospital workplace remains unknown. This article aims to explore the latent meaning of observance of the taboo and how it is related to nurses' clinical practice and possibly affects their mental health at work...
November 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028268/relationship-between-the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-musculoskeletal-health-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-systematic-review-and-evidence-map
#4
Jean V Craig, Diane K Bunn, Richard P Hayhoe, Will O Appleyard, Elizabeth A Lenaghan, Ailsa A Welch
An understanding of the modifiable effects of diet on bone and skeletal muscle mass and strength over the life course will help inform strategies to reduce age-related fracture risk. The Mediterranean diet is rich in nutrients that may be important for optimal musculoskeletal health. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the relationship between a Mediterranean diet and musculoskeletal outcomes (fracture, bone density, osteoporosis, sarcopenia) in any age group. Ten electronic databases were searched...
October 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028147/-most-significant-change-and-the-maximising-cognition-maxcog-intervention-the-views-of-clients-supporters-and-counsellors
#5
Bridget Regan, Yvonne Wells
OBJECTIVES: To explore the views of clients, supporters and counsellors about their experiences of the maximising cognition (MAXCOG) intervention. METHODS: The most significant change (MSC) method of analysis was used. Twenty-three narrative accounts of the MAXCOG intervention and the 'MSC' that occurred were obtained. A panel, including experts from Alzheimer's Australia, the MAXCOG research team and clinicians from memory clinics, conducted a workshop to discuss and categorise the accounts...
October 13, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027673/community-power-structure-analysis-and-the-ethical-considerations-of-studying-up
#6
Natalie M Kivell, Scotney D Evans, Susan E Paterson
This narrative outlines our challenges in studying power and power structures within an individual-level ethical framework. Taking a social ethics perspective, we share the story of our "sticky situation" (Campbell, ) that transpired during a multi-year community partnership. We were asked, by our community partners, to help collect interview data without informed consent. As a team of community-engaged university researchers, we were faced with a seemingly easy ethical situation (no consent, no research) that had unexpectedly complicated and long-lasting consequences...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027672/inside-out-representational-ethics-and-diverse-communities
#7
Miryam Haarlammert, Dina Birman, Ashmeet Oberoi, Wendy Jordana Moore
The purpose of this paper is to write about insights and special considerations for researchers who are, to some degree, "insiders" to the communities they study by expanding on the concept of representational ethics as applied to research in community psychology with diverse and marginalized groups. Representational ethics refers to the ways that researchers, artists, or corporations represent the identities of the people they portray in their communications. As community psychologists we generate and disseminate knowledge about the communities we work with, and in that process, create narratives about the people who participate in our studies...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027661/negotiating-ethical-paradoxes-in-conducting-a-randomized-controlled-trial-aligning-intervention-science-with-participatory-values
#8
Shabnam Javdani, Sukhmani Singh, Corianna E Sichel
In this article, we describe ethical tensions we have faced in the context of our work as intervention scientists, where we aim to promote social justice and change systems that impact girls involved in the juvenile legal system. These ethical tensions are, at their core, about resisting collusion with systems of control while simultaneously collaborating with them. Over the course of designing and implementing a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of an ecological advocacy intervention for girls, called ROSES, ethical paradoxes crystalized and prompted us to engage in critical reflection and action toward the aim of moving away from conducting research on legal-system-involved girls and moving toward a more democratic, participatory process of inquiry with girls...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027040/actor-network-theory-and-the-osce-formulating-a-new-research-agenda-for-a-post-psychometric-era
#9
Margaret Bearman, Rola Ajjawi
The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is a ubiquitous part of medical education, although there is some debate about its value, particularly around possible impact on learning. Literature and research regarding the OSCE is most often situated within the psychometric or competency discourses of assessment. This paper describes an alternative approach: Actor-network-theory (ANT), a sociomaterial approach to understanding practice and learning. ANT provides a means to productively examine tensions and limitations of the OSCE, in part through extending research to include social relationships and physical objects...
October 12, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025350/the-patient-with-a-complex-chronic-respiratory-disease-a-specialist-of-his-own-life
#10
Sarah Houben-Wilke, Ingrid Ml Augustin, Birgit Bref Wouters, Rosita Stevens, Daisy J A Janssen, Martijn A Spruit, Lowie Egw Vanfleteren, Frits Me Franssen, Emiel Fm Wouters
The independent and central role of the patient with a complex chronic respiratory disease in targeted, personalized disease management strategies is becoming increasingly important. Patients are the ones living with the disease and are finally responsible for their lives underlining their role as essential members of the interdisciplinary treatment team. Areas covered: The present paper narratively reviews existing research and discusses the special, as well as specialized, role of the patient with a complex chronic respiratory disease in the healthcare system and highlights fundamental elements of the (future) relationship between patient and healthcare professionals...
October 13, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025086/a-critical-appraisal-of-guidelines-for-electronic-communication-between-patients-and-clinicians-the-need-to-modernize-current-recommendations
#11
Joy L Lee, Marianne S Matthias, Nir Menachemi, Richard M Frankel, Michael Weiner
Background: Patient-provider electronic communication has proliferated in recent years, yet there is a dearth of published research either leading to, or including, recommendations that improve clinical care and prevent unintended negative consequences. We critically appraise published guidelines and suggest an agenda for future work in this area. Objective: To understand how existing guidelines align with current practice, evidence, and technology. Methods: We performed a narrative review of provider-targeted guidelines for electronic communication between patients and providers, searching Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, and PubMed databases using relevant terms...
August 25, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024553/obesity-risk-factors-complications-and-strategies-for-sustainable-long-term-weight-management
#12
Sharon M Fruh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aims of this article are to review the effects of obesity on health and well-being and the evidence indicating they can be ameliorated by weight loss, and consider weight-management strategies that may help patients achieve and maintain weight loss. METHODS: Narrative review based on literature searches of PubMed up to May 2016 with no date limits imposed. Search included terms such as "obesity," "overweight," "weight loss," "comorbidity," "diabetes," cardiovascular," "cancer," "depression," "management," and "intervention...
October 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024292/hepatic-cystic-echinococcosis-in-australia-an-update-on-diagnosis-and-management
#13
REVIEW
Ben Keong, Bruce Wilkie, Tom Sutherland, Adrian Fox
BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis is an uncommonly encountered zoonotic disease caused by the taeniid Echinococcus. The only endemic species in Australia, Echinococcus granulosus, forms cysts in the liver in 70% of cases. The aim of this study was to review the literature to provide an evidence-based narrative update on the diagnosis and management of hepatic cystic echinococcosis in Australia. METHODS: We reviewed the literature, utilizing multiple research databases and citation tracking...
October 11, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023919/causal-narratives-in-public-health-the-difference-between-mechanisms-of-aetiology-and-mechanisms-of-prevention-in-non-communicable-diseases
#14
Michael P Kelly, Federica Russo
Research in the health sciences has been highly successful in revealing the aetiologies of many morbidities, particularly those involving the microbiology of communicable disease. This success has helped form a narrative to be found in numerous public health documents, about interventions to reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases (e.g., obesity or alcohol related pathologies). These focus on tackling the purported pathogenic factors causing the diseases as a means of prevention. In this paper, we argue that this approach has been sub-optimal...
October 11, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023688/developing-nursing-research-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
M McCreaddie, D Kuzemski, J Griffiths, E M Sojka, M Fielding, N Al Yateem, J J Williams
AIM: This article identified, critically analysed and synthesized the literature on international nursing and midwifery research capacity building and standards. BACKGROUND: The United Arab Emirates is heavily dependent up on expatriate nurses. Only 4% of nurses working within the country are Emirati. The nation is therefore committed to developing nurses and nursing as a profession. INTRODUCTION: The United Arab Emirates' Nursing and Midwifery Council was formed in 2009 and initially focused on regulation, education and specialization...
October 11, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022770/exploring-adolescents-cancer-journey-through-photovoice-a-narrative-synthesis
#16
Mark Niepage, Georgi Georgievski, Wendy Shama, Sonia Lucchetta
PURPOSE: Photovoice is a novel and promising intervention for working with youth in healthcare settings. Despite this, few studies have examined the efficacy of photovoice as a clinical tool for working with teenagers who are on their cancer journey. To better understand the needs of teenagers with cancer and the ways that photovoice can be utilized to address these needs, a systematic review of the literature was undertaken. METHODS: Keyword searches of six databases were completed, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Social Work Abstracts, Sociological Abstracts, and Health and Psychosocial Instruments...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022362/narratives-of-health-and-illness-arts-based-research-capturing-the-lived-experience-of-dementia
#17
Hilary Moss, Desmond O'Neill
Introduction This paper presents three artists' residencies in a geriatric medicine unit in a teaching hospital. The aim of the residencies was creation of new work of high artistic quality reflecting the lived experience of the person with dementia and greater understanding of service user experience of living with dementia. This paper also explores arts-based research methodologies in a medical setting. Method Arts-based research and narrative enquiry were the method used in this study. Artists had extensive access to service users with dementia, family carers and clinical team...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020989/predictors-of-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Elena Tseli, Wilhelmus Johannes Andreas Grooten, Britt-Marie Stålnacke, Katja Boersma, Paul Enthoven, Björn Gerdle, Björn Olov Äng
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a major public health problem. Early prediction for optimal treatment results has received growing attention, but there is presently a lack of evidence regarding what information such proactive management should be based on. This study protocol, therefore, presents our planned systematic review and meta-analysis on important predictive factors for health and work-related outcomes following multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain...
October 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020932/difficult-conversations-australian-indigenous-patients-views-on-kidney-transplantation
#19
Jeannie Devitt, Kate Anderson, Joan Cunningham, Cilla Preece, Paul Snelling, Alan Cass
BACKGROUND: Indigenous Australians suffer a disproportionate burden of end stage kidney disease (ESKD) but are significantly less likely to receive a transplant. This study explores Indigenous ESKD patients' views on transplantation as a treatment option. METHODS: The Improving Access to Kidney Transplants (IMPAKT) research program investigated barriers to kidney transplantation for Indigenous Australians. An interview study, conducted in 2005-2006, elicited illness experience narratives from 146 Indigenous patients, including views on transplant...
October 11, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020858/comment-on-essential-competencies-in-global-health-research-for-medical-trainees-a-narrative-review
#20
Roshni Mansfield, Alice Aylward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
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