keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Narrative research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453031/spaces-of-hope-youth-perspectives-on-health-and-wellness-in-indigenous-communities
#1
Lydia Wood, David Kamper, Kate Swanson
This article addresses an apparent paradox between academic and policy depictions of American Indian reservations as "broken" and "unhealthy" places, and Indigenous youth perceptions of reservations as spaces of "health" and "wellness." Public health literature often frames reservations as damaged, health-denying places, chronicling the extraordinarily high rates of suicide, substance abuse, as well as vast health disparities. Despite these dire statistics, our research with Native youth in San Diego County found that young people chose to primarily emphasize their positive experiences with, and attachments to, their reservations...
February 13, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452785/the-risks-of-sarcopenia-falls-and-fractures-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
REVIEW
C Sarodnik, S P G Bours, N C Schaper, J P van den Bergh, T A C M van Geel
Fracture risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increased, and the mechanism is multifactorial. Recent research on T2DM-induced bone fragility shows that bone mineral density (BMD) is often normal or even slightly elevated. However, bone turnover may be decreased and bone material and microstructural properties are altered, especially when microvascular complications are present. Besides bone fragility, extra-skeletal factors leading to an increased propensity to experience falls may also contribute to the increased fracture risk in T2DM, such as peripheral neuropathy, retinopathy and diabetes medication (e...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452782/multimorbidity-and-quality-of-life-at-mid-life-a-systematic-review-of-general-population-studies
#3
REVIEW
Jeeva Kanesarajah, Michael Waller, Jennifer A Whitty, Gita D Mishra
There is substantial multimorbidity at mid-life but little is known about the strength of evidence on multimorbidity and health-related quality of life (HrQoL) at mid-life. This review addresses this gap, focusing on studies of the general population. PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and APA PsycNET databases were screened on 6 March 2017 for original research on multimorbidity and HrQoL in adults aged 40-65 years from the general population. Studies focused on index conditions, using single-item HrQoL measures, unlikely to represent the general population (e...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449558/interventions-to-enhance-the-adoption-of-asthma-self-management-behaviour-in-the-south-asian-and-african-american-population-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Salina Ahmed, Liz Steed, Katherine Harris, Stephanie J C Taylor, Hilary Pinnock
South Asian and other minority communities suffer poorer asthma outcomes, have a higher rate of unscheduled care and benefit less from most existing self-management interventions when compared to the majority population. Possible reasons for these differences include failure to implement asthma self-management strategies, or that strategies implemented were inappropriate for their needs; alternatively, they may relate to the minority and/or lower socioeconomic status of these populations. We aimed to synthesise evidence from randomised controlled trials for asthma self-management in South Asian and Black populations from different sociocultural contexts, and identify barriers and facilitators to implementing self-management...
February 15, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448885/-recognize-our-humanity-immigrant-youth-voices-on-health-care-in-arizona-s-restrictive-political-environment
#5
Sofía Gómez, Heide Castañeda
The "DACAmented Voices in Healthcare" project examined the intersection of restrictive immigration policies and health care via photovoice, a participatory action research approach, with immigrant youth living in Arizona, who were recipients of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. These "DACAmented" youth took part in nine photovoice sessions exploring their health care experiences and accessibility to care using documentary photography and narratives. They poignantly illustrated their experiences through images identifying their main health concerns and strengths, facilitating the development of health policy recommendations...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448834/single-occupancy-patient-rooms-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-since-2006
#6
Ellen Taylor, Alan J Card, Melissa Piatkowski
AIM: Our review evaluated both the effects of single-occupancy patient rooms (SPRs) on patient outcomes for hospitalized adults and user opinion related to SPRs. BACKGROUND: In 2006, a requirement for SPRs in hospitals was instituted in the United States. This systematic literature review evaluates research published since that time to evaluate the impact of SPRs. METHODS: The review adheres to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement...
January 1, 2018: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446513/a-systematic-review-of-clinical-supervision-evaluation-studies-in-nursing
#7
John R Cutcliffe, Graham Sloan, Marie Bashaw
According to the international, extant literature published during the last 20 years or so, clinical supervision (CS) in nursing is now a reasonably common phenomenon. Nevertheless, what appears to be noticeably 'thin on the ground' in this body of literature are empirical evaluations of CS, especially those pertaining to client outcomes. Accordingly, the authors undertook a systematic review of empirical evaluations of CS in nursing to determine the state of the science. Adopting the approach documented by Stroup et al...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445418/local-constructions-of-gender-based-violence-amongst-idps-in-northern-uganda-analysis-of-archival-data-collected-using-a-gender-and-age-segmented-participatory-ranking-methodology
#8
Alastair Ager, Carolyn Bancroft, Elizabeth Berger, Lindsay Stark
Background: Gender-based violence (GBV) is a significant problem in conflict-affected settings. Understanding local constructions of such violence is crucial to developing preventive and responsive interventions to address this issue. Methods: This study reports on a secondary analysis of archived data collected as part of formative qualitative work - using a group participatory ranking methodology (PRM) - informing research on the prevalence of GBV amongst IDPs in northern Uganda in 2006...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444700/pharmacotherapies-for-fatigue-in-chronic-liver-disease-cld-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#9
Andem Effiong, Prerna Kumari
BACKGROUND: This is the protocol for a systematic review (and meta-analysis) of an intervention. The primary objective of this systematic review will be to assess the benefits and harms of pharmacological therapies (pharmacotherapies) for the management of fatigue in adults with CLD of any etiology. The effects of pharmacological therapies on fatigue in CLD will be compared against those of placebo, no intervention, or non-pharmacological interventions. Specifically, this review will examine whether pharmacological therapies improve CLD-associated fatigue, and if they do, what key elements are associated with their effectiveness...
February 14, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444323/the-role-of-fat-and-inflammation-in-the-pathogenesis-and-management-of-osteoarthritis
#10
Hema Urban, Christopher B Little
OA is a complex disease involving mechanical, metabolic and inflammatory contributions to its aetiology. A key risk factor, obesity, is becoming an increasing focus of research due to its multiple potential impacts on OA incidence, progression and symptom severity. An increased load due to an increase in body mass has been well established as a mechanical contribution to the pathophysiology of OA. However, evidence of obesity-linked to OA in non-weight-bearing joints has implicated the biological role of adipose inflammation and metabolic abnormalities in OA...
February 9, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442332/issues-related-to-the-frequency-of-exploratory-analyses-by-evidence-review-groups-in-the-nice-single-technology-appraisal-process
#11
Eva Kaltenthaler, Christopher Carroll, Daniel Hill-McManus, Alison Scope, Michael Holmes, Stephen Rice, Micah Rose, Paul Tappenden, Nerys Woolacott
BACKGROUND: Evidence Review Groups (ERGs) critically appraise company submissions as part of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Single Technology Appraisal (STA) process. As part of their critique of the evidence submitted by companies, the ERGs undertake exploratory analyses to explore uncertainties in the company's model. The aim of this study was to explore pre-defined factors that might influence or predict the extent of ERG exploratory analyses. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore predefined factors that might influence or predict the extent of ERG exploratory analyses...
June 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440940/the-therapeutic-effectiveness-of-using-visual-art-modalities-with-the-bereaved-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Rachel E Weiskittle, Sandra E Gramling
Bereaved individuals are increasingly considered at risk for negative psychological and physiological outcomes. Visual art modalities are often incorporated into grief therapy interventions, and clinical application of art therapy techniques with the bereaved has been widely documented. Although clinicians and recipients of these interventions advocate for their helpfulness in adapting to bereavement, research investigating the efficacy of visual art modalities has produced equivocal results and has not yet been synthesized to establish empirical support across settings...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440161/clinician-patient-and-general-public-beliefs-about-diagnostic-imaging-for-low-back-pain-protocol-for-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#13
Adrian C Traeger, Benjamin J Reed, Denise A O'Connor, Tammy C Hoffmann, Gustavo C Machado, Carissa Bonner, Chris G Maher, Rachelle Buchbinder
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about how to reduce unnecessary imaging for low back pain. Understanding clinician, patient and general public beliefs about imaging is critical to developing strategies to reduce overuse. OBJECTIVE: To synthesise qualitative research that has explored clinician, patient or general public beliefs about diagnostic imaging for low back pain. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will perform a qualitative evidence synthesis of relevant qualitative research exploring clinician, patient and general public beliefs about diagnostic imaging for low back pain...
February 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440141/how-can-positive-and-negative-trainer-feedback-in-the-operating-theatre-impact-a-surgical-trainee-s-confidence-and-well-being-a-qualitative-study-in-the-north-of-england
#14
Dariush Kamali, Jan Illing
OBJECTIVE: To identify the perception of positive feedback (PF) and negative feedback (NF) provided by trainers in the operating theatre on surgical trainees' confidence and well-being. DESIGN: Narrative interview study. SETTING: Twelve hospitals that form part of one deanery within the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Maximum variation sampling of 15 higher general surgical trainees provided insight into how PF and NF from trainers in the operating theatre affect confidence and well-being...
February 12, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439334/what-do-we-know-about-behavioral-crises-in-dementia-a-systematic-review
#15
Tamara Backhouse, Julieta Camino, Eneida Mioshi
BACKGROUND: Behavioral crises in dementia are represented by a wide variety of symptoms, regularly require external intervention from professionals, and are reported as a risk factor for hospital admission. Little is known about the factors that are associated with them. OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with dementia-related behavioral crises. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and AMED databases. An additional lateral search including reference lists was conducted...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438461/backpack-programs-and-the-crisis-narrative-of-child-hunger-a-critical-review-of-the-rationale-targeting-and-potential-benefits-and-harms-of-an-expanding-but-untested-model-of-practice
#16
Maryah S Fram, Edward A Frongillo
In recent years, school-based food backpack programs (BPPs) have come into national prominence as a response to a perceived crisis of child hunger in America. Distributing bags of free food directly to schoolchildren for their own personal consumption each weekend, BPPs bring together private donors, faith communities, and public schools around an intuitively appealing project: children are hungry, and so we give them food. Perhaps because of their intuitive appeal, BPPs have expanded rapidly, without rigorous evaluation to determine their impacts on children, families, and schools...
January 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437492/the-experience-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-treated-for-cancer-in-an-adult-setting-a-review-of-the-literature
#17
Steve Marshall, Anne Grinyer, Mark Limmer
The purpose of this review is to explore the literature on the experience of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) having cancer treatment in an adult setting, rather than on a specialist adolescent cancer unit. The integrative review method was used to explore the current literature. Primary research on the topic was located systematically and then synthesized into a thematic narrative. The experience of AYAs undergoing treatment in an adult setting was generally negative. This can be attributed to three themes: feeling isolated in the adult setting; the lack of empathy from staff working in the adult setting; and the inappropriateness of the adult environment for this age group...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437211/an-observational-feasibility-study-of-a-new-anaesthesia-drug-storage-tray
#18
D S Almghairbi, L Sharp, R Griffiths, R Evley, S Gupta, I K Moppett
Drug errors in the anaesthetic domain remain a serious cause of iatrogenic harm. To help reduce this issue, we explored the potential safety impact of using a simple colour-coded tray for anaesthetic drug preparation and storage. Over a six-month period, three different trained researchers observed 30 cases at three NHS Trusts. Ten observations involved standard drug trays in 'normal' practice, and 20 observations, involved 'Rainbow trays' before and after their introduction. We conducted 20 semi-structured interviews immediately after completing the Rainbow tray observation with the anaesthetists involved...
March 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430964/challenges-in-sex-and-gender-centered-prevention-and-management-of-cardiovascular-disease-implications-of-genetic-metabolic-and-environmental-paths
#19
Matina Kouvari, Mary Yannakoulia, Kyriakos Souliotis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
The recognition of cardiovascular disease (CVD) as a "male" privilege has been a commonly held concept. However, emerging data describe another reality. Heterogeneities have been convincingly demonstrated regarding CVD manifestations, risk factor burden, and prognosis between males and females. The aim of the present narrative review was to highlight sex- and gender-related discrepancies in primary and secondary CVD prevention, underscoring plausible underlying mechanisms. Manifestation of CVD in women is characterized by atypical symptoms/signs and inadequately studied pathophysiology features challenging accurate diagnosis and effective treatment...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430418/audiovisual-recording-of-the-consenting-process-in-clinical-research-experiences-from-a-tertiary-referral-center
#20
Parvan A Shetty, Mitesh R Maurya, Brinal H Figer, Urmila M Thatte, Nithya J Gogtay
The quality of the written informed consent process is one of the most important aspects of clinical research, as it is the single tool that serves as a metric of autonomy. Several challenges have been identified with the informed consent process in developing countries the most important of which is the ability to assimilate and understand the information presented in the consent form. In India, a unique aspect of the informed consent process is the need for audio-video [AV] recording of the process for vulnerable populations and new chemical entities...
January 2018: Perspectives in Clinical Research
keyword
keyword
83403
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"