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Narrative research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919483/a-systematic-review-of-anxiety-amongst-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
REVIEW
Ellen Butler, Faith Matcham, Trudie Chalder
BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological disease, which poses significant psychological challenges. The purpose of this systematic review was to identify factors that are associated with anxiety in people with MS (PwMS). It aimed to examine the strength of evidence for factors associated with anxiety symptoms and identify limitations of existing studies. METHOD AND RESULTS: One hundred and thirty one studies met inclusion criteria and were included in the review...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919281/incidence-causes-and-consequences-of-preventable-adverse-drug-events-protocol-for-an-overview-of-reviews
#2
Brian Hutton, Salmaan Kanji, Erika McDonald, Fatemeh Yazdi, Dianna Wolfe, Kednapa Thavorn, Sally Pepper, Laurie Chapman, Becky Skidmore, David Moher
BACKGROUND: Medication errors represent a noteworthy source of harm to patients. In recent years, several systematic reviews have assessed the frequency and causes of these events, as well as other factors such as commonly associated drugs, their incidence in different specialties, and their consequences to patients. Despite this past literature, there remains a need to study discrepancies between these reviews and establish the current state of the evidence. The planned review will bring together, compare, and contract existing evidence related to the occurrence of medication errors in acute and continuing/long-term care settings...
December 5, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918870/-there-is-nothing-like-a-family-discourses-on-families-of-choice-in-poland
#3
Joanna Mizielińska, Agata Stasińska
In this paper we showed how the notion of heteronormative citizenship embedded in the Polish Constitution was (re)produced in the public sphere, and how heteronormativity as an ideal was slowly undermined by the emergence of new narratives on LGBT families. We did so by first conducting a critical reading of the Polish Constitution, public opinion polls, national censuses, etc. Then, we presented the results of a discourse analysis on families of choice in Poland from crucial public debates of the last decade...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918444/mental-health-comorbidities-in-pediatric-chronic-pain-a-narrative-review-of-epidemiology-models-neurobiological-mechanisms-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Jillian Vinall, Maria Pavlova, Gordon J G Asmundson, Nivez Rasic, Melanie Noel
Chronic pain during childhood and adolescence can lead to persistent pain problems and mental health disorders into adulthood. Posttraumatic stress disorders and depressive and anxiety disorders are mental health conditions that co-occur at high rates in both adolescent and adult samples, and are linked to heightened impairment and disability. Comorbid chronic pain and psychopathology has been explained by the presence of shared neurobiology and mutually maintaining cognitive-affective and behavioral factors that lead to the development and/or maintenance of both conditions...
December 2, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918253/placental-growth-factor-alone-or-in-combination-with-soluble-fms-like-tyrosine-kinase-1-as-an-aid-to-the-assessment-of-women-with-suspected-pre-eclampsia-systematic-review-and-economic-analysis
#5
Geoff K Frampton, Jeremy Jones, Micah Rose, Liz Payne
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia (PE) prediction based on blood pressure, presence of protein in the urine, symptoms and laboratory test abnormalities can result in false-positive diagnoses. This may lead to unnecessary antenatal admissions and preterm delivery. Blood tests that measure placental growth factor (PlGF) or the ratio of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) to PlGF could aid prediction of PE if either were added to routine clinical assessment or used as a replacement for proteinuria testing...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917536/the-potential-of-neuroimaging-for-identifying-predictors-of-adolescent-alcohol-use-initiation-and-misuse
#6
Laura O'Halloran, Charlotte Nymberg, Lee Jollans, Hugh Garavan, Robert Whelan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dysfunction in brain regions underlying impulse control, reward processing and executive function have been associated previously with adolescent alcohol misuse. However, identifying pre-existing neurobiological risk factors, as distinct from changes arising from early alcohol-use, is difficult. Here, we outline how neuroimaging data can identify the neural predictors of adolescent alcohol-use initiation and misuse by using prospective longitudinal studies to follow initially alcohol-naive individuals over time and by neuroimaging adolescents with inherited risk factors for alcohol misuse...
December 5, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917128/what-role-can-avatars-play-in-e-mental-health-interventions-exploring-new-models-of-client-therapist-interaction
#7
REVIEW
Imogen C Rehm, Emily Foenander, Klaire Wallace, Jo-Anne M Abbott, Michael Kyrios, Neil Thomas
In the burgeoning field of e-mental health interventions, avatars are increasingly being utilized to facilitate online communication between clients and therapists, and among peers. Avatars are digital self-representations, which enable individuals to interact with each other in computer-based virtual environments. In this narrative review, we examine the psychotherapeutic applications of avatars that have been investigated and trialed to date. Five key applications were identified (1) in the formation of online peer support communities; (2) replicating traditional modes of psychotherapy by using avatars as a vehicle to communicate within a wholly virtual environment; (3) using avatar technology to facilitate or augment face-to-face treatment; (4) as part of serious games; and (5) communication with an autonomous virtual therapist...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915104/petroclival-meningiomas-remaining-controversies-in-light-of-minimally-invasive-approaches
#8
REVIEW
Sâmia Yasin Wayhs, Guilherme Alves Lepski, Leonardo Frighetto, Gustavo Rassier Isolan
Surgical resection of petroclival meningiomas remains challenging due to their deep location and relationship to vital neurovascular structures. Although the natural history of these tumors involves a slow course, the incidence of cranial nerve deficits and the extent of tumor resection vary widely in the literature. Some reviews on this topic have been conducted, but data remain fragmentary and based on retrospective case series, which hinders attempts at meta-analysis. Within this context, research into the use of minimally invasive approaches, including in neuroendoscopy, continues to emerge...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913759/older-women-in-new-romantic-relationships-understanding-the-meaning-and-importance-of-sex-in-later-life
#9
Wendy K Watson, Charlie Stelle, Nancy Bell
Although research has found that sexual activity declines with age, most of this literature examines people in long-term marriages. Little is known about the initiation of new sexual relationships in later life. In-depth interviews with 14 women aged 64 to 77 years were conducted to examine their personal and collective narratives regarding sexuality in later life. In contrast to common perceptions, none of the participants felt that aging had negatively impacted their own sexuality. For many, this was a time in their lives when they were experiencing renewed sexual desire and enjoyment...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913558/providing-additional-information-about-the-benefits-of-statins-in-a-leaflet-for-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-on-attitudes-and-beliefs
#10
Rebecca Dickinson, David K Raynor, Peter Knapp, Jan MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of providing additional information about the potential benefits of simvastatin in a patient leaflet on attitudes and beliefs. DESIGN: Interview-based study using a generic qualitative approach and framework analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 21 participants receiving a prescription for simvastatin were recruited from a general practitioner practice (from a total of 120). 8 participants were women; the age range was 55-92...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913451/treating-primary-dysmenorrhoea-with-acupuncture-a-narrative-review-of-the-relationship-between-acupuncture-dose-and-menstrual-pain-outcomes
#11
Mike Armour, Caroline A Smith
OBJECTIVE: A number of randomised controlled trials have been performed to determine the effectiveness or efficacy of acupuncture in primary dysmenorrhoea. The objective of this review was to explore the relationship between the 'dose' of the acupuncture intervention and menstrual pain outcomes. METHODS: Eight databases were systematically searched for trials examining penetrating body acupuncture for primary dysmenorrhoea published in English up to September 2015...
December 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912847/negotiating-positive-aging-in-the-presence-of-age-related-vision-loss-arvl-the-shaping-and-perpetuation-of-disability
#12
Colleen McGrath, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Jan Polgar, Marlee M Spafford, Barry Trentham
INTRODUCTION: While previous research has explored the meaning of positive aging discourses from the perspective of older adults, the perspective of older adults aging with a disability has not been studied. In fact the intersection of aging and disability has been largely underexplored in both social gerontology and disability studies. METHOD: This critical ethnography engaged ten older adults aging with vision loss in narrative interviews, participant observation sessions, and semi-structured in-depth interviews...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911019/the-impact-and-measurement-of-social-dysfunction-in-late-life-depression-an-evaluation-of-current-methods-with-a-focus-on-wearable-technology
#13
REVIEW
Sophie Hodgetts, Peter Gallagher, Daniel Stow, I Nicol Ferrier, John T O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: Depression is known to negatively impact social functioning, with patients commonly reporting difficulties maintaining social relationships. Moreover, a large body of evidence suggests poor social functioning is not only present in depression but that social functioning is an important factor in illness course and outcome. In addition, good social relationships can play a protective role against the onset of depressive symptoms, particularly in late-life depression. However, the majority of research in this area has employed self-report measures of social function...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910294/medication-management-in-the-older-adult-a-narrative-exploration
#14
Johnanna Hernandez
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the meaning nurse practitioners (NPs) ascribed to personal experiences providing care to older adults who take multiple medications to manage complex conditions. The study illuminated the NP experience in caring for the older adult while addressing the complexities of medication management through narrative stories in practice. METHODS: NPs self-identifying as caring for older adults were interviewed (N=15)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910173/facilitators-and-barriers-to-person-centred-care-in-child-and-young-people-mental-health-services-a-systematic-review
#15
Dawid Gondek, Julian Edbrooke-Childs, Tjasa Velikonja, Louise Chapman, Felicity Saunders, Daniel Hayes, Miranda Wolpert
: Implementation of person-centred care has been widely advocated across various health settings and patient populations, including recent policy for child and family services. Nonetheless, evidence suggests that service users are rarely involved in decision-making, whilst their preferences and goals may be often unheard. The aim of the present research was to systematically review factors influencing person-centred care in mental health services for children, young people and families examining perspectives from professionals, service users and carers...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909875/one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-why-biliary-reflux-remains-controversial
#16
Matthieu Bruzzi, Jean-Marc Chevallier, Sébastien Czernichow
One-anastomosis gastric bypass is an alternative to the "gold-standard" Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. This technique appears to be safe and efficient, but controversy remains regarding the long-term theoretical risk of subsequent biliary reflux and its possible complications, such as cancer. The aim of the present narrative review was to summarize some of the current thoughts on biliary reflux. Research has established that exposure to chronic bile reflux in humans and rats (outside the "bariatric surgery" box) induce esophageal intestinal metaplasia and esophageal adenocarcinoma...
December 1, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907818/reactive-dissociative-experiences-in-response-to-acute-increases-in-shame-feelings
#17
Martin J Dorahy, Hadyn McKendry, Amber Scott, Kumar Yogeeswaran, Andy Martens, Donncha Hanna
Studies have not examined if a direct causal relationship exists between shame and dissociation. The current research examined whether increases in dissociation were evident following exposure to acute shame feelings induced via narrative scripts of shame-evoking situations. Following Gilbert's (1998) differentiation between external and internal shame, participants heard shame-inducing or emotionally neutral stories in conditions designed to heighten (1) external shame, (2) internal shame or (3) general shame...
November 15, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905155/optimising-qualitative-longitudinal-analysis-insights-from-a-study-of-traumatic-brain-injury-recovery-and-adaptation
#18
Joanna K Fadyl, Alexis Channon, Alice Theadom, Kathryn M McPherson
Knowledge about aspects that influence recovery and adaptation in the postacute phase of disabling health events is key to understanding how best to provide appropriate rehabilitation and health services. Qualitative longitudinal research makes it possible to look for patterns, key time points and critical moments that could be vital for interventions and supports. However, strategies that support robust data management and analysis for longitudinal qualitative research in health-care are not well documented in the literature...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901274/forensic-psychiatric-patients-perspectives-on-their-care-a-narrative-view
#19
Riitta Askola, Merja Nikkonen, Eija Paavilainen, Päivi Soininen, Hanna Putkonen, Olavi Louheranta
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe forensic psychiatric patients' experiences of and perspectives on forensic psychiatric treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight forensic psychiatric patients were interviewed, and the resultant research material was analyzed by narrative analysis. FINDINGS: Patients' narratives contain different themes telling different things and the personnel need to pay attention to these. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The findings of the present study should direct the forensic psychiatric personnel's attention to the notion that forensic psychiatric patients' experiences of their treatment can improve the quality of patient-centered care and reduce bureaucracy...
November 30, 2016: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900735/electronic-monitoring-of-self-reported-mood-the-return-of-the-subjective
#20
REVIEW
Abigail Ortiz, Paul Grof
This narrative review describes recent developments in the use of technology for utilizing the self-monitoring of mood, provides some relevant background, and suggests some promising directions. Subjective experience of mood is one of the valuable sources of information about the state of an integrated mind/brain system. During the past century, psychiatry and psychology moved away from subjectivity, emphasizing external observation, precise measurement, and laboratory techniques. This shift, however, provided only a limited improvement in the understanding of mood disorders, and it appears that self-monitoring of mood has the potential to enrich our knowledge, particularly when combined with the advances in technology...
December 2016: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
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