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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214946/psychosomatic-and-psychosocial-questions-regarding-bariatric-surgery-what-do-we-know-or-what-do-we-think-we-know
#1
Stephan Herpertz, Henrik Kessler, Sebastian Jongen
SUBJECT: In view of the epidemic increase in severe obesity and the ineffectiveness of conservative weight-loss interventions, bariatric surgery delivers compelling results for patients with class II (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m²) and class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m²), not only in reducing weight over the long term, but also in reducing obesity-related somatic comorbidity and improving psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Investigations into the psychosocial aspects of obesity surgery have proliferated over the last 15 years, providing a huge amount of essential research data...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214658/identifying-environmental-barriers-to-participation-usability-of-a-health-literacy-informed-problem-identification-approach-for-parents-of-young-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#2
J M Kramer, I T Hwang, M Levin, D Acevedo-García, L Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Parents of very young children recently diagnosed with developmental disabilities (DD) need to identify environmental barriers to their children's participation and adopt an adaptive orientation to solving these problems. Given the health service disparities for diverse families, parents may benefit from easy to use problem-identification approaches that address environmental barriers stemming from community and policy contexts. This feasibility study evaluated the usability of a health literacy-informed, structured, environment-focused problem-identification approach for parents of young children with DD...
December 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214207/what-is-the-role-of-the-film-viewer-the-effects-of-narrative-comprehension-and-viewing-task-on-gaze-control-in-film
#3
John P Hutson, Tim J Smith, Joseph P Magliano, Lester C Loschky
Film is ubiquitous, but the processes that guide viewers' attention while viewing film narratives are poorly understood. In fact, many film theorists and practitioners disagree on whether the film stimulus (bottom-up) or the viewer (top-down) is more important in determining how we watch movies. Reading research has shown a strong connection between eye movements and comprehension, and scene perception studies have shown strong effects of viewing tasks on eye movements, but such idiosyncratic top-down control of gaze in film would be anathema to the universal control mainstream filmmakers typically aim for...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211384/new-zealand-women-talk-about-breastfeeding-support-from-male-family-members
#4
Narges Alianmoghaddam, Suzanne Phibbs, Cheryl Benn
AIM: Little research has been done to investigate the influence of male family members' support for breastfeeding. This article considers the influence of male partners and other male family members on the initiation and duration of exclusive breastfeeding. METHODS: Thirty heterosexual New Zealand women who had identified in a short antenatal questionnaire that they intended to breastfeed exclusively for 6 months were recruited. The qualitative research included a face-to-face postpartum interview followed by monthly audio-recorded telephone interviews that stopped at 6 months...
March 2017: Breastfeeding Review: Professional Publication of the Nursing Mothers' Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211193/work-process-of-nursing-professors
#5
Denisse Parra Giordano, Vanda Elisa Andres Felli
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the work process of nursing professors. METHOD: descriptive, exploratory and qualitative study, developed with a focus on critical epidemiology, carried out at a School of Nursing in Chile. The research subjects consist of 17 nursing professors, with whom individual semi-structured interviews were carried out and nine participated in a focus group. The Ethics Committee approved this study. RESULTS: 88.2% were female, mean age of 42 years, 47% were married, 94% were Chilean, average length of service in the institution of 2...
December 4, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211178/a-wave-that-comes-rushing-in-and-dunks-you-representations-and-destinies-of-the-crisis-in-adolescent-users-of-a-capsi
#6
Melissa de Oliveira Pereira, Marilene de Castilho Sá, Lilian Miranda
This article focuses on the inter-subjective aspects involved in the care of psychosocial crises of adolescents, their representations and developments. A qualitative research was developed from a psycho-sociological perspective by constructing life story narratives of adolescents treated at a Psychosocial Care Center for Children and Adolescents (CAPSi). It was based on the theoretical contributions of René Kaës on group and cultural aspects of the crisis, as well as its relation to adolescence. Life narratives, constructed through in-depth interviews with adolescents, close relatives, and CAPSi caretakers depict crisis as a "surprise", as violence and estrangement, an episode that must be forgotten, denied, silenced, and medicalized...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210789/predicting-severity-of-acute-pain-after-cesarean-delivery-a-narrative-review
#7
Brock H Gamez, Ashraf S Habib
Cesarean delivery is one of the most common surgical procedures in the United States, with over 1.3 million performed annually. One-fifth of women who undergo cesarean delivery will experience severe pain in the acute postoperative period, increasing their risk of developing chronic pain and postpartum depression, and negatively impacting breastfeeding and newborn care. A growing body of research has investigated tools to predict which patients will experience more severe pain and have increased analgesic consumption after cesarean delivery...
November 22, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210185/redemption-of-the-spoiled-identity-the-role-of-hiv-positive-individuals-in-hiv-care-cascade-interventions
#8
Carol S Camlin, Edwin D Charlebois, Elvin Geng, Fred Semitala, Jeanna Wallenta, Monica Getahun, Leatitia Kampiire, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Norton Sang, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Tamara D Clark, Maya L Petersen, Moses R Kamya, Diane V Havlir
INTRODUCTION: The concept of "therapeutic citizenship" has drawn attention to ways in which public testimony, the "story-telling in the public sphere" undertaken by people living with HIV (PLHIV), has shaped the global response to the epidemic. This paper presents qualitative findings from two large studies in eastern Africa that reveal how the advent of population-based HIV testing campaigns and efforts to accelerate antiretroviral "treatment for all" has precipitated a rapidly expanding therapeutic citizenship "project," or social movement...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209260/awareness-and-awakening-a-narrative-oriented-inquiry-of-undergraduate-students-development-of-mindful-agency-in-china
#9
Qing Wang, Ho Chung Law, Yan Li, Zhanfei Xu, Weiguo Pang
The article explores undergraduate students' experiences of developing mindful agency as a positive learning disposition, their perceived change as a learner, and the possible impact of mindful agency coaching on students' learning and personal growth, using a narrative research method. Seventy Chinese undergraduate students generated personal reflective journals and eight participants' journals were selected to enter into the narrative-oriented inquiry. Our analysis revealed a number of primary themes based on which we produced a meta-story...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208738/a-new-form-of-nicotine-retailers-a-systematic-review-of-the-sales-and-marketing-practices-of-vape-shops
#10
REVIEW
Joseph G L Lee, Elizabeth N Orlan, Kerry B Sewell, Kurt M Ribisl
OBJECTIVE: Retailers that primarily or exclusively sell electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or vaping products represent a new category of tobacco retailer. We sought to identify (a) how vape shops can be identified and (b) sales and marketing practices of vape shops. DATA SOURCES: A medical librarian iteratively developed a search strategy and in February 2017 searched seven academic databases (ABI/INFORM Complete, ECONLit, Embase, Entrepreneurship, PsycINFO, PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus)...
December 5, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208619/encouraging-translation-and-assessing-impact-of-the-centre-for-research-excellence-in-integrated-quality-improvement-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-research-impact-assessment
#11
Shanthi Ramanathan, Penny Reeves, Simon Deeming, Ross Stewart Bailie, Jodie Bailie, Roxanne Bainbridge, Frances Cunningham, Christopher Doran, Karen McPhail Bell, Andrew Searles
INTRODUCTION: There is growing recognition among health researchers and funders that the wider benefits of research such as economic, social and health impacts ought to be assessed and valued alongside academic outputs such as peer-reviewed papers. Research translation needs to increase and the pathways to impact ought to be more transparent. These processes are particularly pertinent to the Indigenous health sector given continued concerns that Indigenous communities are over-researched with little corresponding improvement in health outcomes...
December 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208008/-i-just-feel-comfortable-out-here-there-s-something-about-the-place-staff-and-client-perceptions-of-a-remote-australian-aboriginal-drug-and-alcohol-rehabilitation-service
#12
Alice Munro, Julaine Allan, Anthony Shakeshaft, Courtney Breen
BACKGROUND: The need for effective, culturally safe residential rehabilitation services for Aboriginal people is widely acknowledged, however the combination of treatment components that is optimally effective, is not well defined. Most existing Aboriginal residential rehabilitation research has focused on describing client characteristics, and largely ignored the impact of treatment and service factors, such as the nature and quality of therapeutic components and relationships with staff...
December 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206313/the-impact-of-using-peer-interviewers-in-a-study-of-patient-empowerment-amongst-people-in-cancer-follow-up
#13
Clara R Jørgensen, Nanna B Eskildsen, Thora G Thomsen, Inger D Nielsen, Anna T Johnsen
BACKGROUND: A range of benefits have been reported from engaging peer interviewers in qualitative interviews, but little systematic evaluation exists to assess their impact on both process and outcomes of qualitative interviews in health research. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of involving patient representatives as peer interviewers in a research project on patient empowerment. DESIGN: 18 interviews were carried out as part of the wider study, seven by the academic researcher alone and eleven jointly with a peer interviewer...
December 5, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206093/the-clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-treat-to-target-strategies-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#14
Allan Wailoo, Emma S Hock, Matt Stevenson, Marrissa Martyn-St James, Andrew Rawdin, Emma Simpson, Ruth Wong, Naila Dracup, David L Scott, Adam Young
BACKGROUND: Treat to target (TTT) is a broad concept for treating patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It involves setting a treatment target, usually remission or low disease activity (LDA). This is often combined with frequent patient assessment and intensive and rapidly adjusted drug treatment, sometimes based on a formal protocol. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of TTT compared with routine care. DATA SOURCES: Databases including EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched from 2008 to August 2016...
November 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204191/onabotulinumtoxina-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-chronic-migraine-clinical-evidence-and-experience
#15
REVIEW
Chia-Chun Chiang, Amaal J Starling
Chronic migraine is a debilitating neurobiological disorder that affects approximately 1.4-2.2% of the population worldwide. Patients with chronic migraine have 15 or more headache days per month, with at least 8 days per month that meet the criteria for migraine. Injection of onabotulinumtoxinA, using a standardized injection protocol, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2010 for the treatment of chronic migraine. The approval was made based on results from two large, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trials: the Phase III Research Evaluating Migraine Prophylaxis Therapy (PREEMPT) trials...
December 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204131/-leave-your-ego-at-the-door-a-narrative-investigation-into-effective-wingsuit-flying
#16
Cedric Arijs, Stiliani Chroni, Eric Brymer, David Carless
In recent years there has been a rapid growth in interest in extreme sports. For the most part research has focused on understanding motivations for participation in extreme sports and very little research has attempted to investigate the psychological structure of effective performance. Those few studies that have attempted to explore this issue have tested models designed for traditional sport on adventure sports. However, extreme sports are not the same as adventure sports or traditional sports. This study employed a narrative approach to investigate experiences of effective performance in the extreme sport of proximity wingsuit flying...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203508/early-warning-scores-for-detecting-deterioration-in-adult-hospital-patients-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Stephen Gerry, Jacqueline Birks, Timothy Bonnici, Peter J Watkinson, Shona Kirtley, Gary S Collins
INTRODUCTION: Early warning scores (EWSs) are used extensively to identify patients at risk of deterioration in hospital. Previous systematic reviews suggest that studies which develop EWSs suffer methodological shortcomings and consequently may fail to perform well. The reviews have also identified that few validation studies exist to test whether the scores work in other settings. We will aim to systematically review papers describing the development or validation of EWSs, focusing on methodology, generalisability and reporting...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202754/institutional-context-and-vct-practitioner-narratives-possibilities-and-limitations-for-hiv-prevention-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#18
Claudia Mora, Simone Monteiro, Carlos Otávio Fiúza Moreira
BACKGROUND: Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) is an HIV prevention strategy that promotes the principles of confidentiality and informed consent. International research has highlighted VCT counselors' isolation from service planning and the contradictions they negotiate between local values and global testing recommendations. In Brazil, studies have identified many limitations, including counselors' difficulties to implement a vulnerability approach to HIV prevention as recommended in the country's national guidelines...
December 4, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202663/experiences-of-patients-with-mental-illness-interactions-with-medical-students-a-systematic-review
#19
Samuel P Dearman, Adam B Joiner, Morris Gordon, Gill Vince
OBJECTIVES: Mental health is a key area for learning within undergraduate medical education. Given the nature of mental illness, interactions may have the potential to uniquely affect patients. This study set out to systematically review studies reporting experiences and perceptions of patients with mental illness' clinical interactions with medical students. This includes which factors encourage patients to interact with medical students and if patients perceive negative and positive effects from these interactions...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202616/series-practical-guidance-to-qualitative-research-part-4-trustworthiness-and-publishing
#20
Irene Korstjens, Albine Moser
In the course of our supervisory work over the years we have noticed that qualitative research tends to evoke a lot of questions and worries, so-called frequently asked questions (FAQs). This series of four articles intends to provide novice researchers with practical guidance for conducting high-quality qualitative research in primary care. By 'novice' we mean Master's students and junior researchers, as well as experienced quantitative researchers who are engaging in qualitative research for the first time...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
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