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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121905/the-trafficking-of-women-and-girls-in-taiwan-characteristics-of-victims-perpetrators-and-forms-of-exploitation
#1
Lanying Huang
BACKGROUND: Prior to the passing of 2009 Human Trafficking Prevention Act (HTPA), human trafficking was underestimated in Taiwan. In the past, domestic trafficking in women and girls often targeted vulnerable groups such as young girls from poor families or minority groups. Since the 1990s, an increasing flow of immigrant women, mainly from Vietnam and Indonesia and some from China, into Taiwan has created a new group of Human Trafficking victims. The current study intends to identify, describe, and categorize reported and prosecuted human trafficking cases involving women and girls according to the HTPA in Taiwan...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121561/flip-an-assisting-software-in-structure-based-drug-design-using-fingerprint-of-protein-ligand-interaction-profiles
#2
Ali Hajiebrahimi, Younes Ghasemi, Amirhossein Sakhteman
With the growing number of labor-intensive data in the pharmaceutical industries and public domain for protein-ligand complexes, a significant challenge is still remaining in managing and leveraging this vast information. Here, a standalone application is presented for analysis, organization, and illustration of structural data and molecular interactions for exploiting 3D-structures into simple 1D fingerprints. The utility of the approach was shown in unraveling a feasible solution for post-processing of docking results in parallel with providing fruitful analysis for users in order to investigate molecular interactions...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099055/indoor-multipath-assisted-angle-of-arrival-localization
#3
Stijn Wielandt, Lieven De Strycker
Indoor radio frequency positioning systems enable a broad range of location aware applications. However, the localization accuracy is often impaired by Non-Line-Of-Sight (NLOS) connections and indoor multipath effects. An interesting evolution in widely deployed communication systems is the transition to multi-antenna devices with beamforming capabilities. These properties form an opportunity for localization methods based on Angle of Arrival (AoA) estimation. This work investigates how multipath propagation can be exploited to enhance the accuracy of AoA localization systems...
November 2, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097513/the-impact-of-obesity-on-medical-care-costs-and-labor-market-outcomes-in-the-us
#4
REVIEW
Adam Biener, John Cawley, Chad Meyerhoefer
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity has risen dramatically in most countries of the world, and the economic consequences of obesity are not well understood. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) for 2001-2015 and estimated the percentage of healthcare costs that were associated with adult obesity, both for the US as a whole and for the most populous states. We also reviewed the literature on the impact of obesity on economic outcomes such as medical care costs, employment, and wages...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991421/worth-the-wait-the-effect-of-early-term-birth-on-maternal-and-infant-health
#5
Kasey Buckles, Melanie Guldi
Early term birth is defined as birth at 37 or 38 weeks gestation. While infants born early term are not considered premature, the medical literature suggests that they have an increased risk of serious adverse health outcomes compared to infants born at term (39 or 40 weeks). Despite these known harms, we document a rise in early term births in the United States from 1989 to the mid-2000s, followed by a decline in recent years. We posit that the recent decline in early term births has been driven by changes in medical practice advocated by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, programs such as the March of Dimes’ "Worth the Wait" campaign, and by Medicaid policy...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971296/identifying-human-trafficking-victims-on-a-psychiatry-inpatient-service-a-case-series
#6
Phuong T Nguyen, Joanna Lamkin, John H Coverdale, Samuel Scott, Karen Li, Mollie R Gordon
Human trafficking is a serious and prevalent human rights violation that closely intersects with mental health. Limited empirical attention has been paid to the presentations and identification of trafficking victims in psychiatric settings. The primary goal of this paper is to describe the varied presentations of trafficking victims on an urban inpatient psychiatric unit. A literature review was conducted to identify relevant empirical articles to inform our examination of cases. Adult inpatient cases meeting criteria for known or possible human trafficking were systematically identified and illustrative cases were described...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945599/abi-base-recall-automatic-correction-and-ends-trimming-of-dna-sequences
#7
Zakaria Elyazghi, Loubna El Yazouli, Khalid Sadki, Fouzia Radouani
Automated DNA sequencers produce chromatogram files in ABI Format. When viewing chromatograms, some ambiguities are shown at various sites along the DNA sequences, because the program implemented in the sequencing machine and used to call bases cannot always precisely determine the right nucleotide, especially when it is represented by either a broad peak or a set of overlaying peaks. In such cases, a letter other than A, C, G, or T is recorded, most commonly N. Thus, DNA sequencing chromatograms needs manual examination: checking for mis-calls and truncate the sequence when errors become too frequent...
September 20, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803447/registration-free-automatic-identification-of-gold-fiducial-markers-in-mri-target-delineation-images-for-prostate-radiotherapy
#8
Christian Gustafsson, Juha Korhonen, Emilia Persson, Adalsteinn Gunnlaugsson, Tufve Nyholm, Lars E Olsson
PURPOSE: The superior soft tissue contrast of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared to computed tomography (CT) has urged the integration of MRI and elimination of CT in radiotherapy treatment (RT) for prostate. An intraprostatic gold fiducial marker (GFM) appears hyperintense on CT. On T2-weighted (T2w) MRI target delineation images, the GFM appear as a small signal void similar to calcifications and post biopsy fibrosis. It can therefore be difficult to identify the markers without CT...
August 13, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727538/per-diems-in-polio-eradication-perspectives-from-community-health-workers-and-officials
#9
Svea Closser, Anat Rosenthal, Judith Justice, Kenneth Maes, Marium Sultan, Sarah Banerji, Hailom Banteyerga Amaha, Ranjani Gopinath, Patricia Omidian, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye
Nearly all global health initiatives give per diems to community health workers (CHWs) in poor countries for short-term work on disease-specific programs. We interviewed CHWs, supervisors, and high-level officials (n = 95) in 6 study sites across sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia in early 2012 about the per diems given to them by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. These per diems for CHWs ranged from $1.50 to $2.40 per day. International officials defended per diems for CHWs with an array of arguments, primarily that they were necessary to defray the expenses that workers incurred during campaigns...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704771/predicting-the-propagation-of-concentration-and-saturation-fronts-in-fixed-bed-filters
#10
O Callery, M G Healy
The phenomenon of adsorption is widely exploited across a range of industries to remove contaminants from gases and liquids. Much recent research has focused on identifying low-cost adsorbents which have the potential to be used as alternatives to expensive industry standards like activated carbons. Evaluating these emerging adsorbents entails a considerable amount of labor intensive and costly testing and analysis. This study proposes a simple, low-cost method to rapidly assess the potential of novel media for potential use in large-scale adsorption filters...
October 15, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697094/identifying-and-assisting-sexually-exploited-and-trafficked-patients-seeking-women-s-health-care-services
#11
Erin E Tracy, Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos
It is estimated that 21 million people are trafficked worldwide, including 11.4 million women and girls. Approximately 4.5 million are forced to do sexual labor. The exact prevalence of human trafficking is difficult to ascertain, however, given the limitations of data collection in an illegal industry. Obstetrician-gynecologists should not only be aware of the widespread nature of human trafficking, but also have the tools to assess patients for trafficking and respond to victim identifications. Patients may present with signs of physical abuse, depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use, sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy, and nonspecific somatic complaints...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690364/schooling-and-labor-market-effects-of-temporary-authorization-evidence-from-daca
#12
Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes, Francisca Antman
This paper explores the labor market and schooling effects of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) initiative, which provides work authorization to eligible immigrants along with a temporary reprieve from deportation. The analysis relies on a difference-in-differences approach that exploits the discontinuity in program rules to compare eligible individuals to ineligible, likely undocumented immigrants before and after the program went into effect. To address potential endogeneity concerns, we focus on youths that likely met DACA's schooling requirement when the program was announced...
January 2017: Journal of Population Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660200/a-fast-and-inexpensive-protocol-for-empirical-verification-of-neutralizing-epitopes-in-microbial-toxins-and-enzymes
#13
Christine N Vuong, Wen-Ko Chou, Vivek A Kuttappan, Billy M Hargis, Lisa R Bielke, Luc R Berghman
In vivo targeting of peptides to antigen-presenting cells by use of agonistic anti-CD40 monoclonal antibodies has been used successfully as an immune response enhancing strategy. When tested in chickens, the antibody-guided platform was capable of inducing specific IgG production within 1 week postimmunization. However, use of this method beyond its initial conception as a vaccine delivery tool has not been fully exploited. In this study, Clostridium perfringens alpha-toxin was used as a model microbial toxin for epitope mapping by using the antibody-guided immunization method to generate a panel of antibodies against specific, regions of the toxin in an attempt to identify crucial determinants on the toxin which, once bound, would hinder downstream toxicity...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449067/using-high-throughput-barcode-sequencing-to-efficiently-map-connectomes
#14
Ian D Peikon, Justus M Kebschull, Vasily V Vagin, Diana I Ravens, Yu-Chi Sun, Eric Brouzes, Ivan R Corrêa, Dario Bressan, Anthony M Zador
The function of a neural circuit is determined by the details of its synaptic connections. At present, the only available method for determining a neural wiring diagram with single synapse precision-a 'connectome'-is based on imaging methods that are slow, labor-intensive and expensive. Here, we present SYNseq, a method for converting the connectome into a form that can exploit the speed and low cost of modern high-throughput DNA sequencing. In SYNseq, each neuron is labeled with a unique random nucleotide sequence-an RNA 'barcode'-which is targeted to the synapse using engineered proteins...
July 7, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422677/learning-sparse-representation-for-objective-image-retargeting-quality-assessment
#15
Qiuping Jiang, Feng Shao, Weisi Lin, Gangyi Jiang
The goal of image retargeting is to adapt source images to target displays with different sizes and aspect ratios. Different retargeting operators create different retargeted images, and a key problem is to evaluate the performance of each retargeting operator. Subjective evaluation is most reliable, but it is cumbersome and labor-consuming, and more importantly, it is hard to be embedded into online optimization systems. This paper focuses on exploring the effectiveness of sparse representation for objective image retargeting quality assessment...
April 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420374/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-common-mental-disorders-among-ethiopian-migrant-returnees-from-the-middle-east-and-south-africa
#16
Kassahun Habtamu, Abebaw Minaye, Waganesh A Zeleke
BACKGROUND: Ethiopian migrants to the Middle East and South Africa experience a range of problems at various stages of their migration including overwork, sleep deprivation, denial of food, emotional abuse, difficulty adapting to the host culture, salary denial, sexual abuse, labor exploitation, confiscation of their travel documents, confinement, denial of medication, lack of access to legal service and degrading attitude by employers, traffickers and smugglers. These experiences can be associated with different types of mental disorders...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409473/peroxisome-mini-libraries-systematic-approaches-to-study-peroxisomes-made-easy
#17
Noa Dahan, Maya Schuldiner, Einat Zalckvar
High-throughput methodologies have been extensively used in the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, to uncover fundamental principles of cell biology. Over the years, several collections of yeast strains (libraries) were built to enable systematic exploration of cellular functions. However, using these libraries experimentally is often labor intensive and restricted to laboratories that hold high throughput platforms. Utilizing the available full genome libraries we handpicked a subset of strains that represent all known and predicted peroxisomal proteins as well as proteins that have central roles in peroxisome biology...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381086/automated-quantitative-enzyme-biosensing-in-24-well-microplates
#18
Somjai Teanphonkrang, Albert Schulte
We report a novel system for glucose estimation in model and real samples, utilizing enzyme-modified pencil leads (PL) as effective electrochemical biosensors for robotic substrate quantification in 24-well microplates. Electrochemically formed carboxyl groups on the surface of the graphite were cross-linked to amino groups in the enzyme so as to attach glucose oxidase to the PL surface. Automated amperometric sensing of glucose solutions in microtiter-plate wells used computer-controlled stepper motors to move the biosensor/counter/reference electrode assemblies sequentially between the samples...
April 24, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374588/detection-of-the-lipopeptide-pam3csk4-using-a-hybridized-toll-like-receptor-electrochemical-sensor
#19
Zhe She, Kristin Topping, Tianxiao Ma, Tiantian Zhao, Wenxia Zhou, Ajar Kamal, Soha Ahmadi, Heinz-Bernhard Kraatz
Electrochemical detection of Pam3CSK4, a synthetic triacylated lipopeptide that mimics the structural moieties of its natural Gram negative bacterial pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) counterpart, has been achieved using hybridized toll-like receptors (TLR) combining TLR1 and TLR2 onto a single sensor surface. These sensors represent the first hybridized TLR sensors. The limit of detection for Pam3CSK4 attained was 7.5 μg/mL, which is within the same order of magnitude for that of the more labor-intensive and time-consuming cell-assay technique, 2...
April 12, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373743/how-does-gender-affect-sustainable-intensification-of-cereal-production-in-the-west-african-sahel-evidence-from-burkina-faso
#20
Veronique Theriault, Melinda Smale, Hamza Haider
Better understanding of gender differences in the adoption of agricultural intensification strategies is crucial for designing effective policies to close the gender gap while sustainably enhancing farm productivity. We examine gender differences in adoption rates, likelihood and determinants of adopting strategy sets that enhance yields, protect crops, and restore soils in the West African Sahel, based on analysis of cereal production in Burkina Faso. Applying a multivariate probit model to a nationally representative household panel, we exploit the individual plot as unit of analysis and control for plot manager characteristics along with other covariates...
April 2017: World Development
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