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isoflurane donor

Fuqi Xu, Shigang Qiao, Hua Li, Yanjun Deng, Chen Wang, Jianzhong An
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic preconditioning (APC) of the myocardium is mediated in part by reversible alteration of mitochondrial function. Nitric oxide (NO) inhibits mitochondrial respiration and may mediate APC-induced cardioprotection. In this study, the effects of isoflurane on different states of mitochondrial respiration during the oxidation of complex I-linked substrates and the role of NO were investigated. METHODS: Mitochondria were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rat hearts...
February 1, 2018: Cardiorenal Medicine
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Medical Gas Research
Pablo Stringa, Nidia Monserrat Arreola, Ane M Andres Moreno, Carlota Largo, Martín Rumbo, Francisco Hernandez
BACKGROUND:  Modified multivisceral transplantation (MMVTx) refers to the use of a graft that includes all abdominal organs except the liver. The use of this type of transplant in children and adults expanded over the last years with good results. However, long-term survival in experimental models has not been reported. Our aim is to describe in detail some technical modifications of MMVTx to obtain long-term survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Syngeneic (Lewis-Lewis) heterotopic MMVTx was performed in 16 male rats (180-250 g)...
February 23, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Marie-Lynda Bouressam, Benjamin Meyer, Ariane Boudier, Igor Clarot, Pierre Leroy, Alessandro Genoni, Manuel Ruiz-Lopez, Philippe Giummelly, Patrick Liminana, Valérie Salgues, Mostafa Kouach, Caroline Perrin-Sarrado, Isabelle Lartaud, François Dupuis
PURPOSE: In a previous work, we have synthetized a new dinitrosothiol, i.e. S,S'-dinitrosobucillamine BUC(NO)2 combining S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) and S-nitroso-N-acetylcysteine (NACNO) in its structure. When exposed to isolated aorta, we observed a 1.5-fold increase of (•)NO content and a more potent vasorelaxation (1 log higher pD2) compared to NACNO and SNAP alone or combined (Dahboul et al., 2014). In the present study, we analyzed the thermodynamics and kinetics for the release of (•)NO through computational modeling techniques and correlated it to plasma assays...
October 16, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Lady Christine L Ong Sio, Richard Glenn C Dela Cruz, Alexander F Bautista
Sevoflurane and isoflurane are volatile halogenated ether widely used in anesthesia. Both have comparable potency and easy titratability but sevoflurane has lower pungency and results in faster patient recovery. Isoflurane, however, is more affordable. The nephrotoxicity of sevoflurane is undisputed but studies on isoflurane nephrotoxicity are lacking. The objective of this paper is to determine the overall nephrotoxicity profile of sevoflurane and isoflurane in donor nephrectomy patients using the renal function markers - nuclear glomerular filtration rate (GFR), serum creatinine, urine protein-to-creatinine ratio, proteinuria, and glucosuria...
January 2017: Medical Gas Research
Akihiro Ohsumi, Katherine Marseu, Peter Slinger, Karen McRae, Hyunhee Kim, Zehong Guan, David M Hwang, Mingyao Liu, Shaf Keshavjee, Marcelo Cypel
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane is one of the most commonly used volatile anesthetic agents with the fastest onset and offset, replacing isoflurane in modern anesthesiology. Preconditioning and postconditioning using volatile anesthetics can attenuate ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). However, no previous studies have evaluated the effect of sevoflurane in lung transplantation after cold ischemic injury. We aimed to study the effects of donor and recipient treatment with sevoflurane in a rat lung transplantation model...
May 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
D Cao, Y Liu, J Li, J Gong
PURPOSE: Because the choice of anesthetic affects the rodent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) model, we compared the effects of isoflurane, ketamine, chloral hydrate, and pentobarbital on the OLT model. BASIC PROCEDURES: OLT was performed using the two-cuff technique. Two hundred male rats were randomly divided into five groups: control, isoflurane, ketamine, chloral hydrate, and pentobarbital groups. Rectal temperatures, respiratory rates, arterial blood values (pH, PaCO2, PaO2, and SatO2), liver function tests and histopathology, recovery times, and anhepatic stage mortality rates were assessed...
October 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Chris Nevitt, Grant McKenzie, Katelyn Christian, Jeff Austin, Sarah Hencke, James Hoying, Amanda LeBlanc
Aging and cardiovascular disease are associated with the loss of nitric oxide (NO) signaling and a decline in the ability to increase coronary blood flow reserve (CFR). Thrombospondin-1 (Thbs-1), through binding of CD47, has been shown to limit NO-dependent vasodilation in peripheral vascular beds via formation of superoxide (O2 (-)). The present study tests the hypothesis that, similar to the peripheral vasculature, blocking CD47 will improve NO-mediated vasoreactivity in coronary arterioles from aged individuals, resulting in improved CFR...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Krzysztof Szyfter, Ireneusz Stachecki, Magdalena Kostrzewska-Poczekaj, Marcin Szaumkessel, Joanna Szyfter-Harris, Paweł Sobczyński
Volatile anaesthetics such as halothane, isoflurane and others were expected to produce a health challenge for operation room personnel because of prolonged occupational exposure to anaesthetic gases. To estimate a molecular background of adverse health effects, a cohort of 100 exposed individuals was studied by the single-cell gene electrophoresis (comet assay) test. DNA lesions in lymphocytes of the exposed group did not differ significantly compared with non-exposed blood donors. Then, the exposed group was further divided according to job position...
August 2016: Journal of Applied Genetics
C Li, F Qi, T Liu, H Wang, P-Z Wang
BACKGROUND: The small animal model of cardiac transplantation is the most common model in organ transplantation studies. The cervical heterotopic transplantation is widely performed because this allows for direct observation of the graft heartbeat and contributes to early prediction of graft rejection. OBJECTIVE: A mouse-rat cervical heterotopic cardiac xenotransplantation model was modified with respect to the anesthesia method, cardiac graft harvesting method, and perioperative treatment...
July 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
M Ucar, U Ozgül, A Polat, H I Toprak, M A Erdogan, M S Aydogan, M Durmus, M O Ersoy
BACKGROUND: The safety of healthy volunteer donors is one of the most important issues in living-donor liver transplantation. Use of the Pringle maneuver during donor hepatectomy can result in liver ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of isoflurane and propofol on IR injury caused by the Pringle maneuver during donor hepatectomy. METHODS: A total of 70 American Society of Anesthesiology I-II donors aged 18-65 years who underwent hepatectomy were included in the study...
March 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
Tatjana I Kichko, Florian Niedermirtl, Andreas Leffler, Peter W Reeh
BACKGROUND: Irritating effects of volatile general anesthetics on tracheal nerve endings and resulting spastic reflexes in the airways are not completely understood with respect to molecular mechanisms. Neuropeptide release and neurogenic inflammation play an established role. METHODS: The basal and stimulated calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) release from the isolated superfused mouse trachea was analyzed as an index of sensory neuron activation, applying irritant (desflurane and isoflurane) and nonirritant (sevoflurane) volatile anesthetics as stimuli...
February 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Siluê Z F Dal Molin, Cleber R P Kruel, Raquel S de Fraga, Carolina Alboim, Jarbas R de Oliveira, Mario R Alvares-da-Silva
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms involved in organ protection by volatile anaesthetics are not completely understood. In the liver transplant setting, there is a lack of information in the literature about whether sevoflurane anaesthesia has a superior hepatoprotective effect when compared with isoflurane. OBJECTIVE: To compare the antioxidant and protective effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane. DESIGN: A randomised, comparative, experimental study...
December 2014: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Dipankar Sutradhar, Therese Zeegers-Huyskens, Asit K Chandra
The conformation and the interaction of CHF₂OCF₂CHF₂ (desflurane II) with one water molecule is investigated theoretically using the ab initio MP2/aug-cc-pvdz and DFT-based M062X/6-311++G(d,p) methods. The calculations include the optimized geometries, the harmonic frequencies of relevant vibrational modes along with a natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis including the NBO charges, the hybridization of the C atom and the intra- and intermolecular hyperconjugation energies. In the two most stable conformers, the CH bond of the F2HCO- group occupies the gauche position...
November 2013: Journal of Molecular Modeling
W H Kim, H S Joo, J S Ko, M S Gwak, S K Lee, G S Kim
INTRODUCTION: The requirements of nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent during liver transplantation show conflicting results. We sought to evaluate the requirements according to the operative phase and find extrahepatic factors that influence neuromuscular blocking agent requirements. METHODS: We enrolled 35 patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation. Continuous infusion of vecuronium was adjusted every 15 minutes for consistent neuromuscular blockade aimed at T1/Tc of 0...
June 2013: Transplantation Proceedings
U Ozgul, M Ucar, M A Erdogan, M S Aydogan, H I Toprak, C Colak, M Durmus, M O Ersoy
We compared postoperative hepatic and renal functions and coagulation profiles in living donors undergoing right hepatectomy under isoflurane (n = 40) versus propofol (n = 40) anesthesia. After induction, anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane/air-O2 (group I) or propofol/air-O2 (group P) in addition to remifentanil and atracurium infusion in both groups. Aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, international normalized ratio (INR), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), albumin, total bilirubin, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR), platelet count, and hemoglobin levels were measured in the preoperative period, after end of the operation, and on the first, third, fifth and seventh postoperative days (PODs)...
April 2013: Transplantation Proceedings
J H Lee, D J Joo, J M Kim, J H Park, Y S Kim, B N Koo
BACKGROUND: In living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT), we evaluated if there was any difference in grafted kidney function according to the type of anesthetic used in the donor because some laboratory studies have demonstrated that volatile anesthetics at clinically relevant concentrations protect the kidneys against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: In part I of the study, we retrospectively compared grafted kidney function [serum creatinine levels (Cr) and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) in recipients of LDKT] according to the type of donors' volatile anesthetic (sevoflurane [group Sevo, 166 patients], isoflurane [group Iso, 55] or desflurane [group Des, 61])...
May 2013: Minerva Anestesiologica
Hsin-I Tsai, An-Hsun Chou, Ming-Wen Yang
OBJECTIVE: Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is the leading morbidity and mortality in hemotherapy in the United States. Although it is a serious complication of blood transfusion, it is still underestimated and under-reported because of under-recognition and misdiagnosis. In this report, we present 15 surgical patients who developed pulmonary complications secondary to blood transfusion during the perioperative period. METHODS: A 3-year retrospective analysis of 14,441 patients who received blood transfusion intraoperatively in our Taoyuan center was carried out...
September 2012: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
H I Toprak, T Şahin, S Aslan, K Karahan, M Şanli, M Ö Ersoy
We compared the effect of two inhalation anesthetics desflurane and isoflurane on postoperative hepatic and renal functions as well as coagulation profiles in living donors undergoing right hepatectomy. This study was performed on 80 patients who were randomly allocated to group D (desflurane, n = 40) or group I (isoflurane, n = 40) after Faculty Ethics Committee approval. After induction, isoflurane or desflurane was used with air/oxygen for anesthetic maintenance. The isoflurane or desflurane concentration was set at one minimum alveolar concentration (MAC)...
July 2012: Transplantation Proceedings
Scott G Canfield, Ana Sepac, Filip Sedlic, Maria Y Muravyeva, Xiaowen Bai, Zeljko J Bosnjak
INTRODUCTION: Anesthetic preconditioning protects cardiomyocytes from oxidative stress-induced injury, but it is ineffective in patients with diabetes mellitus. To address the role of hyperglycemia in the inability of diabetic individuals to be preconditioned, we used human cardiomyocytes differentiated from induced pluripotent stem cells generated from patients with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-iPSC- and N-iPSC-CMs, respectively) to investigate the efficacy of preconditioning in varying glucose conditions (5, 11, and 25 mM)...
October 2012: Anesthesiology
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