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glaucoma compliance

Clara Hoi Ka Wu, Sheila M H Luk, Richard L Holder, Ian Murdoch
OBJECTIVES: Medical records are legal documentation of patients' care hence must be accurate and complete for both medical and legal purposes. Electronic patient record (EPR) systems aim to improve the accuracy of documentation, provide better organisation and access of data. This study compares the completeness of traditional note records and EPR in glaucoma patients. METHODS: Using criteria from the April 2009 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines completeness of data entry was compared between EPR and paper notes in three units...
March 8, 2018: Eye
Sara M Thomasy, Vijay Krishna Raghunathan, Hidetaka Miyagi, Alexander T Evashenk, Jasmyne C Sermeno, Geneva K Tripp, Joshua T Morgan, Christopher J Murphy
The transformation of keratocytes and fibroblasts to myofibroblasts is important to corneal wound healing as well as formation of stromal haze. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of latrunculin B, an actin cytoskeleton disruptor in conjunction with a fundamental biophysical cue, substrate stiffness, on myofibroblast transformation in vitro and in vivo. Rabbit corneal fibroblasts were cultured on substrates of differing compliance (1.5, 22, and 71 kPa) and tissue culture plastic (TCP; > 1 GPa) in media containing 0 or 10 ng/ml TGFβ1 for 72 h...
February 5, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
Tae Hee Lee, Mi Sun Sung, Hwan Heo, Sang Woo Park
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between tear film and meibomian gland parameters in patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG), who underwent topical prostaglandin analog (PGA) monotherapy, and medication compliance. METHODS: Ocular surface disease index (OSDI), Schirmer's test, tear film break-up time (TBUT), keratoepitheliopathy (KEP) score with fluorescein, and meibomian gland parameters were assessed in 45 eyes of 45 patients with NTG (NTG group), who received topical PGA monotherapy for more than 1 year...
2018: PloS One
Murray Fingeret, Jaime E Dickerson
Noncompliance is a problem affecting glaucoma patients. Approaches to improve adherence include the use of drug-delivery systems and safer forms of surgery. Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) has reduced complications, particularly in combination with cataract surgery, and with its good intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction may reduce or eliminate glaucoma medications.Glaucoma is a progressive disease and a leading cause of irreversible blindness. Elevated IOP is the most important risk factor, but effective medical management is dependent on patient adherence...
January 25, 2018: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Ricardo Y Abe, Lorena de Campos Wen, Gordon T Barker, Steven L Mansberger
PURPOSE: To determine the psychometric properties of a reduced-version of the Glaucoma Treatment Compliance Assessment Tool, which was translated to Brazilian Portuguese. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We translated into Portuguese the Glaucoma Treatment Compliance Assessment Tool using validated techniques and administered it to primary open glaucoma patients using at least 1 ocular hypotensive eye drop medication. We used principal components analysis to determine construct validity, Rasch analysis and Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency reliability, frequency analysis for floor and ceiling effects, and Spearman rho for test-retest reliability...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Revathy V Nair, Shefrin S, Akhil Suresh, Anoop K R, Sreeja C Nair
In the present investigation, the effect of timolol maleate loaded ocuserts was studied as an alternative for conventional anti-glaucoma formulation. Ocuserts were prepared using natural polymer sodium alginate and ethyl cellulose. Physico-chemical properties along with drug entrapment efficiency (94-98%), content uniformity (93.1% ± 0.264-98.00% ± 0.321), in vitro drug release (83.42% ± 0.35 at end of 12 hours), ex vivo permeation all showed satisfactory results, which was found to follow zero order kinetics...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Rita Omoso Momoh, Catey Bunce, Gregrey Agbonvihele Oko-Oboh, Clare E Gilbert
PURPOSE: Globally, particularly in Africa, poor compliance with medication is a major problem in glaucoma management but little is known about follow-up rates among African glaucoma patients. The aim of this study was to determine rates of follow-up among glaucoma patients attending a tertiary hospital in southern Nigeria and investigate predictors of poor follow-up. METHODS: Data were extracted from medical records of new glaucoma patients who attended the hospital between June 2011 and May 2013...
January 16, 2018: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Ali A Al-Kinani, Ghada Zidan, Naba Elsaid, Ali Seyfoddin, Adam W G Alani, Raid G Alany
Aqueous gels formulated using hydrophilic polymers (hydrogels) along with those based on stimuli responsive polymers (in situ gelling or gel forming systems) continue to attract increasing interest for various eye health-related applications. They allow the incorporation of a variety of ophthalmic pharmaceuticals to achieve sustained and therapeutic levels of drugs and bioactives at target ocular sites. The integration of sophisticated drug delivery technologies such as nanotechnology-based, intelligent and environment responsive systems can extend current treatment duration to provide more clinically relevant time courses (weeks and months instead of hours and days) which will inevitably reduce dose frequency, increase patient compliance and improve clinical outcomes...
December 27, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Kunliang Qiu, Geng Wang, Xuehui Lu, Riping Zhang, Lixia Sun, Mingzhi Zhang
PURPOSE: We determined the applicability of inferior > superior > nasal > temporal (ISNT) rules on retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness and rim area and evaluated the impact of various ocular factors on the performance of the ISNT rules in healthy myopic eyes. METHODS: A total of 138 eyes from 138 healthy myopic subjects were included in this cross-sectional observational study. The peripapillary RNFL and optic disc in each eye were imaged with Cirrus HD optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II (HRT2), respectively...
March 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Jean Kim, Max Kudisch, Nina Rosa Konichi da Silva, Hiroyuki Asada, Eri Aya-Shibuya, Michele M Bloomer, Sri Mudumba, Robert B Bhisitkul, Tejal A Desai
Long-term treatment of glaucoma, a major leading cause of blindness, is challenging due to poor patient compliance. Therefore, a drug delivery device that can achieve drug release over several months can be highly beneficial for glaucoma management. Here, we evaluate the long-term pharmacokinetics and therapeutic efficacy of polycaprolactone intracameral drug delivery devices in rabbit eyes. Our study showed that a single drug delivery device loaded with a proprietary hypotensive agent, DE-117, reduced intraocular pressure in normotensive rabbits significantly for 23weeks...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
M Vidyadevi, A Anuradha, G Rashmi, R Shilpa, S Nishath
INTRODUCTION: Cataract is any opacification in lens or its capsule, which accounts for about 50% of treatable blindness worldwide. The prevalence of cataract in India is about 62.6%. The incidence of post operative endophthalmitis ranges from 0.05% - 0.14% and so the use of post-operative antibiotics and steroids is necessary to control infection and prevent inflammation. Fixed drug combinations not only cut the cost but also the dosage and improve the compliance of patients in the immediate post operative period...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
Raffaele Nuzzi, Federico Tridico
Glaucoma is a common degenerative disease affecting retinal ganglion cells (RGC) and optic nerve axons, with progressive and chronic course. It is one of the most important reasons of social blindness in industrialized countries. Glaucoma can lead to the development of irreversible visual field loss, if not treated. Diagnosis may be difficult due to lack of symptoms in early stages of disease. In many cases, when patients arrive at clinical evaluation, a severe neuronal damage may have already occurred. In recent years, newer perspective in glaucoma treatment have emerged...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Chih-Hung Lee, Yu-Jia Li, Chih-Ching Huang, Jui-Yang Lai
Glaucoma is an eye-related disease accompanied by highly elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), which causes damage to the optic nerve and results in vision loss and even blindness. Although the treatment of glaucoma with eye drops may reduce the IOP, eye drops have some limitations, such as poor patient compliance and short duration. To develop drug carriers that facilitate the sustained and long-term release of drugs for glaucoma therapy, we synthesized poly(ε-caprolactone) nanoparticles (PCL NPs) capable of loading pilocarpine, a widely used drug for the treatment of dry eye and glaucoma...
August 17, 2017: Nanoscale
Andrew J Anderson, Phillip A Bedggood, Yu Xiang George Kong, Keith R Martin, Algis J Vingrys
PURPOSE: Recent developments in electronic technology are making it possible to home monitor the sensitivity of the central visual field using portable devices. We used simulations to investigate whether the higher test frequency afforded by home monitoring improves the early detection of rapid visual field loss in glaucoma and how any benefits might be affected by imperfect compliance or increased variability in the home-monitoring test. DESIGN: Computer simulation, with parameter selection confirmed with a cohort study...
December 2017: Ophthalmology
Nelson S Winkler, Gena M Damento, Sunil S Khanna, David O Hodge, Cheryl L Khanna
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of a protocol for a new physician-led, team-based glaucoma care model implemented in 2008 at Mayo Clinic's campus in Rochester, Minnesota (MCR), to increase conformance with the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) Preferred Practice Pattern guidelines for treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma. METHODS: Records of 591 patients with newly diagnosed glaucoma were assessed retrospectively for the completion of 9 AAO Preferred Practice Pattern recommended metrics including measured corneal thickness, intraocular pressure (IOP), cup to disk ratio, visual acuity, recorded IOP target, gonioscopy, fundus photos, ocular coherence tomography, and visual field in the 3 years before and 3 years after protocol implementation...
August 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
Hui Pu, Yong Wang, Qiang Wei, Hui-Juan Ma, Pan-Pan Hu, Shou-Ling Li, Hong-Bo Pang, Yang-Hua Tian, Kai Wang
BACKGROUND: Primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) is a common eye disease and a common cause of blindness. Inappropriate medical decisions severely affect the prognosis. This study investigated decision-making under risk in PACG patients. METHODS: Thirty patients with first acute attack of PACG before surgery and thirty healthy controls were included in the study. Decision-making under risk was evaluated with the game of dice task (GDT). The results of Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and GDT between PACG patients and healthy controls were compared...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
A Chiche, G Martin, E Brasnu de Cenival, A Rousseau, A Giocanti, A Fel, S Kallel, M Lombardi, P Hamard, C Baudouin, A Labbe
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate medication adherence of glaucoma patients through the "Glaucoma treatment compliance assessment tool (GTCAT)" questionnaire and to correlate the results with clinical parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This multicenter prospective observational study was performed in the Département hospitalo-universitaire (DHU) Sight Restore, Paris, France. All patients had been followed for chronic open angle glaucoma (COAG) for at least 3 years...
May 29, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Edoardo Villani, Domenico Massaro, Matteo Scaramuzzi, Pedram Hamrah, Felipe A Medeiros, Paolo Nucci
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of imaging biomarkers in published clinical trials (CTs) in ophthalmology and its eventual changes during the past 10 years. Methods: We sampled from published CTs in the fields of cornea, retina, and glaucoma between 2005-2006 and 2015-2016. Data collected included year of publication, phase, subspecialty, location, compliance with Consolidated Standards for Reporting Trials, impact factor, presence and use of imaging biomarkers (diagnostic, prognostic and predictive; primary and secondary surrogate endpoints), and use of centralized reading centers...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Denny John, Rajul Parikh
OBJECTIVES: Population-based screening for glaucoma has been demonstrated to be cost-effective if targeted at high-risk groups such as older adults and those with a family history of glaucoma, and through use of a technician for conducting initial assessment rather than a medical specialist. This study attempts to investigate the cost-effectiveness of a hypothetical community screening and subsequent treatment programme for glaucoma in comparison with current practice (i.e. with no screening programme but with some opportunistic case finding) in the urban areas of India...
July 2017: Public Health
Louise J Lu, James C Tsai, Ji Liu
Primary open-angle glaucoma (OAG) affects approximately 45 million people worldwide and more than 2.5 million people aged 40 years or older in the United States. Pharmacologic treatment for glaucoma is directed towards lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) to slow disease progression and delay visual field loss. Current medical treatment options for the lowering of IOP include the following classes of topical medications: beta-adrenergic antagonists, alpha-adrenergic agonists, cholinergic agonists, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, and prostaglandin analogs...
March 2017: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
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