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"Social enterprise"

Michael J Roy, Rachel Baker, Susan Kerr
This paper focuses on the role of actors that operate outside formal health systems, but nevertheless have a vital, if often under-recognised, role in supporting public health. The specific example used is the 'social enterprise', an organisation that seeks, through trading, to maximise social returns, rather than the distribution of profits to shareholders or owners. In this paper we advance empirical and theoretical understanding of the causal pathways at work in social enterprises, by considering them as a particularly complex form of public health 'intervention'...
November 9, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Suvi Konsti-Laakso, Virpi Koskela, Suvi-Jonna Martikainen, Helinä Melkas, Laura Mellanen
BACKGROUND: Social enterprises are often seen as a source of new and innovative solutions to persistent societal problems and a means for better inclusion of employees and customers. Because social enterprises combine business logic and social goals, they have vast potential to renew business and social life; therefore, it is vital to understand how their creation can be initiated and supported. OBJECTIVE: This study provides an overview of the participatory design process for a new social enterprise as it appears in practice...
September 7, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Michael L Morris
Vocational interests predict educational and career choices, job performance, and career success (Rounds & Su, 2014). Although sex differences in vocational interests have long been observed (Thorndike, 1911), an appropriate overall measure has been lacking from the literature. Using a cross-sectional sample of United States residents aged 14 to 63 who completed the Strong Interest Inventory assessment between 2005 and 2014 (N = 1,283,110), I examined sex, age, ethnicity, and year effects on work related interest levels using both multivariate and univariate effect size estimates of individual dimensions (Holland's Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional)...
October 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Christina K Barstow, Corey L Nagel, Thomas F Clasen, Evan A Thomas
BACKGROUND: In an effort to reduce the disease burden in rural Rwanda, decrease poverty associated with expenditures for fuel, and minimize the environmental impact on forests and greenhouse gases from inefficient combustion of biomass, the Rwanda Ministry of Health (MOH) partnered with DelAgua Health (DelAgua), a private social enterprise, to distribute and promote the use of improved cookstoves and advanced water filters to the poorest quarter of households (Ubudehe 1 and 2) nationally, beginning in Western Province under a program branded Tubeho Neza ("Live Well")...
2016: BMC Public Health
Helen Ward
Ten years ago a team of nurses took the initiative to run a GP practice in London. What began as a social enterprise project became one of the first nurse-led GP practices in the country. A decade on, it is still the only one. Why?
July 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
Pratap Kumar, Chris Paton, Doris Kirigia
Mobile technology is very prevalent in Kenya-mobile phone penetration is at 88% and mobile data subscriptions form 99% of all internet subscriptions. While there is great potential for such ubiquitous technology to revolutionise access and quality of healthcare in low-resource settings, there have been few successes at scale. Implementations of electronic health (e-Health) and mobile health (m-Health) technologies in countries like Kenya are yet to tackle human resource constraints or the political, ethical and financial considerations of such technologies...
October 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Rod Sheaff, Joyce Halliday, Mark Exworthy, Pauline Allen, Russell Mannion, Sheena Asthana, Alex Gibson, Jonathan Clark
INTRODUCTION: The variety of organisations providing National Health Service (NHS)-funded services in England is growing. Besides NHS hospitals and general practitioners (GPs), they include corporations, social enterprises, voluntary organisations and others. The degree to which these organisational types vary, however, in the ways they manage and provide services and in the outcomes for service quality, patient experience and innovation, remains unclear. This research will help those who commission NHS services select among the different types of organisation for different tasks...
2016: BMJ Open
Chris Longhurst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2016: Nursing Standard
Nadezda V Kovalevskaya, Charlotte Whicher, Timothy D Richardson, Craig Smith, Jana Grajciarova, Xocas Cardama, José Moreira, Adrian Alexa, Amanda A McMurray, Fiona G G Nielsen
There is no unified place where genomics researchers can search through all available raw genomic data in a way similar to OMIM for genes or Uniprot for proteins. With the recent increase in the amount of genomic data that is being produced and the ever-growing promises of precision medicine, this is becoming more and more of a problem. DNAdigest is a charity working to promote efficient sharing of human genomic data to improve the outcome of genomic research and diagnostics for the benefit of patients. Repositive, a social enterprise spin-out of DNAdigest, is building an online platform that indexes genomic data stored in repositories and thus enables researchers to search for and access a range of human genomic data sources through a single, easy-to-use interface, free of charge...
March 2016: PLoS Biology
Cheryl Forchuk, Kevin Dickins, Deborah J Corring
Social determinants of health such as housing and income have a large impact on mental health. Community-based initiatives have worked to address access to housing, prevent homelessness and assist people who are homeless with mental health problems. There have been several large research projects to tease out multiple subgroups such as youth and veterans and other individuals experiencing long-term homelessness. The issue of poverty has been addressed by exploring issues related to employment. The use of social enterprises is a promising practice to address issues around poverty, social inclusion and employment...
2016: Healthcare Quarterly
Ricardo Gabbay de Souza, João C Namorado Clímaco, Annibal Parracho Sant'Anna, Tiago Barreto Rocha, Rogério de Aragão Bastos do Valle, Osvaldo Luiz Gonçalves Quelhas
Brazil has an increasing rate of e-waste generation, but there are currently few adequate management systems in operation, with the largest share of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) going to landfill sites or entering informal chains. The National Solid Waste Policy (2010) enforces the implementation of reverse logistics systems under the shared responsibility of consumers, companies and governments. The objective of this paper is to assess sustainability and prioritise system alternatives for potential implementation in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro...
February 4, 2016: Waste Management
Ernest Joseph Barthélemy, Christopher A Sarkiss, James Lee, Raj K Shrivastava
The historical origin of the meningioma nomenclature unravels interesting social and political aspects about the development of neurosurgery in the late 19th century. The meningioma terminology itself was the subject of nationalistic pride and coincided with the advancement in the rise of medicine in Continental Europe as a professional social enterprise. Progress in naming and understanding these types of tumor was most evident in the nations that successively assumed global leadership in medicine and biomedical science throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, that is, France, Germany, and the United States...
January 22, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
(no author information available yet)
Inspections of four NHS community trusts and a social enterprise will be carried out by the Care Quality Commission between January and March as part of a pilot project aimed at improving the inspection of care provided in the community.
January 8, 2014: Nursing Standard
Ron Jackson
Think you know Catholic Charities? Look deeper--I bet you'll be surprised. People often tell me they know all about Catholic Charities' soup kitchens, coat drives, an annual Christmas fund-raiser. Some might mention local resume-writing classes or social enterprise endeavors like bake and furniture sales and other services for people struggling to lift themselves out of poverty. But only a few know that, as a movement, Catholic Charities has a dual mission and is committed to living out both components providing charity and seeking justice...
March 2015: Health Progress
Grazyna Kochanska, Sanghag Kim, Lea J Boldt
In a change from the once-dominant view of children as passive in the parent-led process of socialization, children are now seen as active agents who can considerably influence that process. However, these newer perspectives typically focus on the child's antagonistic influence, due either to a difficult temperament or aversive, resistant, negative behaviors that elicit adversarial responses from the parent and lead to future coercive cascades in the relationship. Children's capacity to act as receptive, willing, even enthusiastic, active socialization agents is largely overlooked...
November 2015: Development and Psychopathology
Chris Mason, Jo Barraket, Sharon Friel, Kerryn O'Rourke, Christian-Paul Stenta
The role of social innovations in transforming the lives of individuals and communities has been a source of popular attention in recent years. This article systematically reviews the available evidence of the relationship between social innovation and its promotion of health equity. Guided by Fair Foundations: The VicHealth framework for health equity and examining four types of social innovation--social movements, service-related social innovations, social enterprise and digital social innovations--we find a growing literature on social innovation activities, but inconsistent evaluative evidence of their impacts on health equities, particularly at the socio-economic, political and cultural level of the framework...
September 2015: Health Promotion International
Bradford W Hesse, Richard P Moser, William T Riley
One of the challenges associated with high-volume, diverse datasets is whether synthesis of open data streams can translate into actionable knowledge. Recognizing that challenge and other issues related to these types of data, the National Institutes of Health developed the Big Data to Knowledge or BD2K initiative. The concept of translating "big data to knowledge" is important to the social and behavioral sciences in several respects. First, a general shift to data-intensive science will exert an influence on all scientific disciplines, but particularly on the behavioral and social sciences given the wealth of behavior and related constructs captured by big data sources...
May 1, 2015: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Toby Raeburn, Catherine Hungerford, Jan Sayers, Phil Escott, Violeta Lopez, Michelle Cleary
Recovery-oriented mental health services promote the principles of recovery, such as hope and optimism, and are characterized by a personalized approach to developing consumer self-determination. Nurse leaders are increasingly developing such services as social enterprises, but there is limited research on the leadership of these programs. Leading a recovery-oriented mental health nurse social enterprise requires visionary leadership, collaboration with consumers and local health providers, financial viability, and commitment to recovery-focused practice...
May 2015: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Javier Saavedra, Marcelino López, Sergio González, Samuel Arias, Paul Crawford
We assess how social and cognitive functioning is associated to gaining employment for 213 people diagnosed with severe mental illness taking part in employment programs in Andalusia (Spain). We used the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status and the Social Functioning Scale and conducted two binary logistical regression analyses. Response variables were: having a job or not, in ordinary companies (OCs) and social enterprises, and working in an OC or not. There were two variables with significant adjusted odds ratios for having a job: "attention" and "Educational level"...
October 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
Chris Taylor, Jed Donoghue
This paper will focus on the provision of community aged care services via 'direct payments' and 'social enterprise'. These are two solutions that were not fully considered by the Productivity Commission as a way to make the provision of community aged care more sustainable in Australia. The empowerment component of social enterprise activities and 'direct payments' have the potential to generate improvements in the community aged care system.
September 2015: Australasian Journal on Ageing
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