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"Social innovation"

Rachel Cheng, Alberto Mantovani, Chiara Frazzoli
Challenges posed by changes in livestock production in emerging food producing areas and demographic development and climate change require new approaches and responsibilities in the management of food chains. The increasingly recognized role of primary food producers requires the support of the scientific community to instruct effective approaches based on scientific data, tools, and expertise. Mali is an emerging food producing area, and this review covers (i) the dairy farming scenario and its environment, (ii) the role of dairy production in food security, including the greatly different animal rearing systems in the Sahel and tropical regions, (iii) risk management pillars as modern infrastructures, effective farmer organizations, and institutional systems to guarantee animal health and safety of products, and (iv) feasible interventions based on good practices and risk assessment at the farm level (e...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
Madeleine Ballard, Jenny Tran, Fred Hersch, Amy Lockwood, Pamela Hartigan, Paul Montgomery
BACKGROUND: While several papers have highlighted a lack of evidence to scale social innovations in health, fewer have explored decision-maker understandings of the relative merit of different types of evidence, how such data are interpreted and applied, and what practical support is required to improve evidence generation. The objectives of this paper are to understand (1) beliefs and attitudes towards the value of and types of evidence in scaling social innovations for health, (2) approaches to evidence generation and evaluation used in systems and policy change, and (3) how better evidence-generation can be undertaken and supported within social innovation in health...
2017: PloS One
Suvi Konsti-Laakso, Virpi Koskela, Suvi-Jonna Martikainen, Helinä Melkas, Laura Mellanen
BACKGROUND: Social enterprises are often seen as a source of new and innovative solutions to persistent societal problems and a means for better inclusion of employees and customers. Because social enterprises combine business logic and social goals, they have vast potential to renew business and social life; therefore, it is vital to understand how their creation can be initiated and supported. OBJECTIVE: This study provides an overview of the participatory design process for a new social enterprise as it appears in practice...
September 7, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Jennifer A Lawlor, Zachary P Neal
Addressing complex problems in communities has become a key area of focus in recent years (Kania & Kramer, 2013, Stanford Social Innovation Review). Building on existing approaches to understanding and addressing problems, such as action research, several new approaches have emerged that shift the way communities solve problems (e.g., Burns, 2007, Systemic Action Research; Foth, 2006, Action Research, 4, 205; Kania & Kramer, 2011, Stanford Social Innovation Review, 1, 36). Seeking to bring clarity to the emerging literature on community change strategies, this article identifies the common features of the most widespread community change strategies and explores the conditions under which such strategies have the potential to be effective...
June 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
Fiona Schweitzer, Christiane Rau, Oliver Gassmann, Ellis van den Hende
This paper identifies technologically reflective individuals and demonstrates their ability to develop innovations that benefit society. Technological reflectiveness (TR) is the tendency to think about the societal impact of an innovation, and those who display this capability in public are individuals who participate in online idea competitions focused on technical solutions for social problems (such as General Electric's eco-challenge, the James Dyson Award, and the BOSCH Technology Horizon Award). However, technologically reflective individuals also reflect in private settings (e...
November 2015: Journal of Product Innovation Management
Naoe Tatara, Marte Karoline Råberg Kjøllesdal, Jelena Mirkovic, Hege Kristin Andreassen
BACKGROUND: A variety of eHealth services are available and commonly used by the general public. eHealth has the potential to engage and empower people with managing their health. The prerequisite is, however, that eHealth services are adapted to the sociocultural heterogeneity of the user base and are available in a language and with contents that fit the users' preference, skills, and abilities. Pakistani immigrants in the Oslo area, Norway, have a much higher risk of Type-2 diabetes (T2D) than their Norwegian counterparts do...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
Eyüp İlker Saygılı, Alaa H Abou-Zeid, Salih Murat Akkın, Eleni Aklillu, İbrahim Ömer Barlas, Alexander Borda-Rodriguez, Filiz Aydoğan Boschele, Zafer Çetin, Enes Coşkun, Yavuz Coşkun, Güner Dağlı, Türkan Uğur Dai, Collet Dandara, Türkay Dereli, Levent Elbeyli, Laszlo Endrenyi, Can Polat Eyigün, Alexandros Georgakilas, Bircan Günbulut, Kıvanç Güngör, Asım Güzelbey, Can Hekim, Farah Huzair, Sabit Kimyon, Ümit Karakaş, Biaoyang Lin, Adrián LLerena, Collen Masimirembwa, Ruth McNally, Alper Mete, Peşvin Sancar, Sanjeeva Srivastava, Lotte M Steuten, Oylum Tanrıöver, David Tyfield, Volkan İhsan Töre, Deniz Vuruşkan, Wei Wang, Louise Warnich, Ambroise Wonkam, Yusuf Ziya Yıldırım, İsmet Yılmaz, Ahmet Sınav, Nezih Hekim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
Kriti M Jain, Catherine Maulsby, Meredith Brantley, Jeeyon Janet Kim, Rose Zulliger, Maura Riordan, Vignetta Charles, David R Holtgrave
Out of >1,000,000 people living with HIV in the USA, an estimated 60% were not adequately engaged in medical care in 2011. In response, AIDS United spearheaded 12 HIV linkage and retention in care programs. These programs were supported by the Social Innovation Fund, a White House initiative. Each program reflected the needs of its local population living with HIV. Economic analyses of such programs, such as cost and cost threshold analyses, provide important information for policy-makers and others allocating resources or planning programs...
September 2016: AIDS Care
Susie Riva-Mossman, Thomas Kampel, Christine Cohen, Henk Verloo
The Senior Living Lab (SLL) is dedicated to the care of older adults and exemplifies how nursing leadership can influence clinical practice by designing research models capable of configuring interdisciplinary partnerships with the potential of generating innovative practices and better older patient outcomes. Demographic change resulting in growing numbers of older adults requires a societal approach, uniting stakeholders in social innovation processes. The LL approach is an innovative research method that values user perceptions and participation in the cocreation of new products and services...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Wenyi Lin
Contracting of community services to non-governmental service-providing organisations - mainly social work agencies - is an emerging phenomenon and a social innovation with regard to delivering community services in urban China. Contracting of community services for the older person, which is the focus of this study, is embedded in the macro context of the development of social service contracting in China. Qualitative research techniques, including document analysis, case study, participant observation and in-depth interviews, were adopted for this study...
2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Arie Rip
Within the space of a few years, the idea of Responsible Research and Innovation, and its acronym RRI, catapulted from an obscure phrase to the topic of conferences and attempts to specify and realize it. How did this come about, and against which backdrop? What are the dynamics at present, and what do these imply for the future of RRI as a discourse, and as a patchwork of practices? It is a social innovation which creates opening in existing (and evolving) divisions of moral labour, a notion that is explained with the help of the history of responsibility language...
2014: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
Stephanie Berzin, Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Social Work
Chris Mason, Jo Barraket, Sharon Friel, Kerryn O'Rourke, Christian-Paul Stenta
The role of social innovations in transforming the lives of individuals and communities has been a source of popular attention in recent years. This article systematically reviews the available evidence of the relationship between social innovation and its promotion of health equity. Guided by Fair Foundations: The VicHealth framework for health equity and examining four types of social innovation--social movements, service-related social innovations, social enterprise and digital social innovations--we find a growing literature on social innovation activities, but inconsistent evaluative evidence of their impacts on health equities, particularly at the socio-economic, political and cultural level of the framework...
September 2015: Health Promotion International
Jessica Vechakul, Bina Patel Shrimali, Jaspal S Sandhu
PURPOSE: This case study provides a high-level overview of the human-centered design (HCD) or "design thinking" process and its relevance to public health. DESCRIPTION: The Best Babies Zone (BBZ) initiative is a multi-year project aimed at reducing inequities in infant mortality rates. In 2012, BBZ launched pilot programs in three US cities: Cincinnati, Ohio; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Oakland, California. The Alameda County Public Health Department (ACPHD), the lead for the Oakland BBZ site, identified HCD as a promising approach for addressing the social and economic conditions that are important drivers of health inequities...
December 2015: Maternal and Child Health Journal
G Schäfer, D Brinkmann, R Freericks, M Kart
BACKGROUND: There is still a problematic situation in Germany for older migrants, who can be characterized by poverty, lack of knowledge of the healthcare system, generation conflicts and social exclusion. AIM: The objective of this article is the analysis of the chances for social participation of older migrants from two perspectives. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This qualitative study is based on an interdisciplinary research project sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research entitled "Cultures of social participation in local communities" (KUSTIS) from the promotion program "Social innovations for quality of life in old age " (SILQUA) and presents selected results from two subprojects...
July 2015: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Sofie Wass, Vivian Vimarlund
Innovation in healthcare can be associated with social innovation and the mission to contribute to a shared value that benefits not only individuals or organizations but the society as a whole. In this paper, we present the prerequisites of stimulating a market for social innovations by studying the introduction of a national health account. The results show that there is a need to clarify if a national health account should be viewed as a public good or not, to clarify the financial responsibilities of different actors, to establish clear guidelines and to develop regulations concerning price, quality and certification of actors...
2015: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Keith Harding
Innovation in medicine requires unique partnerships between academic research, biotech or pharmaceutical companies, and health-care providers. While innovation in medicine has greatly increased over the past 100 years, innovation in wound care has been slow, despite the fact that chronic wounds are a global health challenge where there is a need for technical, process and social innovation. While novel partnerships between research and the health-care system have been created, we still have much to learn about wound care and the wound-healing processes...
April 2015: Journal of Wound Care
Stefano Tomelleri, Roberto Lusardi, Giovanna Artioli
This article illustrates the ways in which symbolic representations of reality, embodied in metaphors and language, can affect collaborative interactions in the current situation of social and economic change. We assume that corporate transformation and organizational configurations influence health professionals' representations in largely unconscious ways and, with these, their everyday practice. On the basis of empirical data collected through 13 focus groups in an Italian hospital, our intention is to show the extent to which joint working can be linked to three main metaphors each matching specific forms of social and professional interaction...
March 13, 2015: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Oscar A Barbarin, Nikki Aikens
This article reviews data on aspects of the learning environment most closely associated with successful development of early academic competence, compares children from low socioeconomic backgrounds to children with higher socioeconomic status (SES) on access to academically auspicious environments, and uses the findings to identify promising targets for social innovations aimed at improving the educational prospects of poor children.
March 2015: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Rui Nunes, Ivone Duarte, Cristina Santos, Guilhermina Rego
"Education for Values and Bioethics" is a project which aims to help the student to build his/her personal ethics. It was addressed to ninth grade students (mean age 14) who frequented public education in all schools of the City of Porto, Portugal-EU in 2010-2013 (N-1164). This research and action project intended to promote the acquisition of knowledge in the following areas: interpersonal relationships, human rights, responsible sexuality, health, environment and sustainable development, preservation of public property, culture, financial education, social innovation and ethical education for work...
2015: SpringerPlus
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