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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716653/bioeconomy-in-latin-america
#1
REVIEW
Albert Sasson, Carlos Malpica
This article provides the authors' view on how Latin America has embraced bioeconomy principles in the last two decades with different levels of socio-economic impact. Examples of biodiversity resource valorization in medicine, eco-intensification of agriculture, biotechnology applications in mature sectors such as mining, food and beverage production, bio-refineries and ecosystem services are provided. The importance of participatory and social innovation initiatives is highlighted.
July 14, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584180/engaging-research-with-policy-and-action-what-are-the-challenges-of-responding-to-zoonotic-disease-in-africa
#2
REVIEW
Kevin Louis Bardosh, Jake Cornwall Scoones, Delia Grace, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Kate E Jones, Katinka de Balogh, David Waltner-Toews, Bernard Bett, Susan C Welburn, Elizabeth Mumford, Vupenyu Dzingirai
Zoonotic diseases will maintain a high level of public policy attention in the coming decades. From the spectre of a global pandemic to anxieties over agricultural change, urbanization, social inequality and threats to natural ecosystems, effectively preparing and responding to endemic and emerging diseases will require technological, institutional and social innovation. Much current discussion emphasizes the need for a 'One Health' approach: bridging disciplines and sectors to tackle these complex dynamics...
July 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561137/-the-development-of-social-innovations-in-health-care-and-the-role-of-science-and-research
#3
Stefanie Richter
In the course of demographic, epidemiological and social changes, various challenges arise concerning the organization of health care and health promotion for the population. Innovative approaches are needed to face these challenges. The focus in the theoretical work is on the analysis of the development of social innovations and on the role of science and research to solve social problems. First of all, the notion of innovation based on technologies will be expanded by social innovations. 2 approaches to promote social innovations are discussed: the systematic discovery and development of solutions in practice as well as the co-productive development in the terms of transdisciplinary research...
May 24, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479618/social-innovation-for-health-care-delivery-in-africa
#4
(no author information available yet)
Incentivizing health-care delivery can overcome barriers to health care in low-income countries. Claire Keeton reports.
April 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435419/the-process-of-creating-integrated-home-care-in-lithuania-from-idea-to-reality
#5
Ramunė Jurkuvienė, Lina Danusevičienė, Rūta Butkevičienė, Indrė Gajdosikienė
BACKGROUND: The article presents an analysis of the formulation and implementation of a social innovation: integrated home care (IHC) in post-soviet Lithuania. From 1998 a series of top-down orders to implement IHC were issued, however, home nursing did not start. In 2011 the Ministry of Social Security and Labour began a process to develop integrated home care using new, collaborative processes. The result was 21 pilot projects with well-conceptualized IHC services. METHOD: Using data from focus groups, interviews, and recorded observations, the research team systematically documented the innovation process, including themes and deviations, employing Smale's Innovation Trinity framework to organize the larger picture...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221872/analysis-of-food-safety-and-security-challenges-in-emerging-african-food-producing-areas-through-a-one-health-lens-the-dairy-chains-in-mali
#6
REVIEW
Rachel Cheng, Alberto Mantovani, Chiara Frazzoli
Challenges posed by changes in livestock production in emerging food producing areas and demographic development and climate change require new approaches and responsibilities in the management of food chains. The increasingly recognized role of primary food producers requires the support of the scientific community to instruct effective approaches based on scientific data, tools, and expertise. Mali is an emerging food producing area, and this review covers (i) the dairy farming scenario and its environment, (ii) the role of dairy production in food security, including the greatly different animal rearing systems in the Sahel and tropical regions, (iii) risk management pillars as modern infrastructures, effective farmer organizations, and institutional systems to guarantee animal health and safety of products, and (iv) feasible interventions based on good practices and risk assessment at the farm level (e...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125628/supporting-better-evidence-generation-and-use-within-social-innovation-in-health-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-study
#7
Madeleine Ballard, Jenny Tran, Fred Hersch, Amy Lockwood, Pamela Hartigan, Paul Montgomery
BACKGROUND: While several papers have highlighted a lack of evidence to scale social innovations in health, fewer have explored decision-maker understandings of the relative merit of different types of evidence, how such data are interpreted and applied, and what practical support is required to improve evidence generation. The objectives of this paper are to understand (1) beliefs and attitudes towards the value of and types of evidence in scaling social innovations for health, (2) approaches to evidence generation and evaluation used in systems and policy change, and (3) how better evidence-generation can be undertaken and supported within social innovation in health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612064/participatory-design-of-a-social-enterprise-for-rehabilitees
#8
Suvi Konsti-Laakso, Virpi Koskela, Suvi-Jonna Martikainen, Helinä Melkas, Laura Mellanen
BACKGROUND: Social enterprises are often seen as a source of new and innovative solutions to persistent societal problems and a means for better inclusion of employees and customers. Because social enterprises combine business logic and social goals, they have vast potential to renew business and social life; therefore, it is vital to understand how their creation can be initiated and supported. OBJECTIVE: This study provides an overview of the participatory design process for a new social enterprise as it appears in practice...
September 7, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221668/networked-community-change-understanding-community-systems-change-through-the-lens-of-social-network-analysis
#9
Jennifer A Lawlor, Zachary P Neal
Addressing complex problems in communities has become a key area of focus in recent years (Kania & Kramer, 2013, Stanford Social Innovation Review). Building on existing approaches to understanding and addressing problems, such as action research, several new approaches have emerged that shift the way communities solve problems (e.g., Burns, 2007, Systemic Action Research; Foth, 2006, Action Research, 4, 205; Kania & Kramer, 2011, Stanford Social Innovation Review, 1, 36). Seeking to bring clarity to the emerging literature on community change strategies, this article identifies the common features of the most widespread community change strategies and explores the conditions under which such strategies have the potential to be effective...
June 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134342/technologically-reflective-individuals-as-enablers-of-social-innovation
#10
Fiona Schweitzer, Christiane Rau, Oliver Gassmann, Ellis van den Hende
This paper identifies technologically reflective individuals and demonstrates their ability to develop innovations that benefit society. Technological reflectiveness (TR) is the tendency to think about the societal impact of an innovation, and those who display this capability in public are individuals who participate in online idea competitions focused on technical solutions for social problems (such as General Electric's eco-challenge, the James Dyson Award, and the BOSCH Technology Horizon Award). However, technologically reflective individuals also reflect in private settings (e...
November 2015: Journal of Product Innovation Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113854/ehealth-use-among-first-generation-immigrants-from-pakistan-in-the-oslo-area-norway-with-focus-on-diabetes-survey-protocol
#11
Naoe Tatara, Marte Karoline Råberg Kjøllesdal, Jelena Mirkovic, Hege Kristin Andreassen
BACKGROUND: A variety of eHealth services are available and commonly used by the general public. eHealth has the potential to engage and empower people with managing their health. The prerequisite is, however, that eHealth services are adapted to the sociocultural heterogeneity of the user base and are available in a language and with contents that fit the users' preference, skills, and abilities. Pakistani immigrants in the Oslo area, Norway, have a much higher risk of Type-2 diabetes (T2D) than their Norwegian counterparts do...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27093110/an-open-letter-in-support-of-transformative-biotechnology-and-social-innovation-sanko-university-innovation-summit-in-medicine-and-integrative-biology-gaziantep-turkey-may-5-7-2016
#12
LETTER
Eyüp İlker Saygılı, Alaa H Abou-Zeid, Salih Murat Akkın, Eleni Aklillu, İbrahim Ömer Barlas, Alexander Borda-Rodriguez, Filiz Aydoğan Boschele, Zafer Çetin, Enes Coşkun, Yavuz Coşkun, Güner Dağlı, Türkan Uğur Dai, Collet Dandara, Türkay Dereli, Levent Elbeyli, Laszlo Endrenyi, Can Polat Eyigün, Alexandros Georgakilas, Bircan Günbulut, Kıvanç Güngör, Asım Güzelbey, Can Hekim, Farah Huzair, Sabit Kimyon, Ümit Karakaş, Biaoyang Lin, Adrián LLerena, Collen Masimirembwa, Ruth McNally, Alper Mete, Peşvin Sancar, Sanjeeva Srivastava, Lotte M Steuten, Oylum Tanrıöver, David Tyfield, Volkan İhsan Töre, Deniz Vuruşkan, Wei Wang, Louise Warnich, Ambroise Wonkam, Yusuf Ziya Yıldırım, İsmet Yılmaz, Ahmet Sınav, Nezih Hekim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017972/cost-and-cost-threshold-analyses-for-12-innovative-us-hiv-linkage-and-retention-in-care-programs
#13
Kriti M Jain, Catherine Maulsby, Meredith Brantley, Jeeyon Janet Kim, Rose Zulliger, Maura Riordan, Vignetta Charles, David R Holtgrave
Out of >1,000,000 people living with HIV in the USA, an estimated 60% were not adequately engaged in medical care in 2011. In response, AIDS United spearheaded 12 HIV linkage and retention in care programs. These programs were supported by the Social Innovation Fund, a White House initiative. Each program reflected the needs of its local population living with HIV. Economic analyses of such programs, such as cost and cost threshold analyses, provide important information for policy-makers and others allocating resources or planning programs...
September 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013869/the-senior-living-lab-an-example-of-nursing-leadership
#14
Susie Riva-Mossman, Thomas Kampel, Christine Cohen, Henk Verloo
The Senior Living Lab (SLL) is dedicated to the care of older adults and exemplifies how nursing leadership can influence clinical practice by designing research models capable of configuring interdisciplinary partnerships with the potential of generating innovative practices and better older patient outcomes. Demographic change resulting in growing numbers of older adults requires a societal approach, uniting stakeholders in social innovation processes. The LL approach is an innovative research method that values user perceptions and participation in the cocreation of new products and services...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26654864/community-service-contracting-for-older-people-in-urban-china-a-case-study-in-guangdong-province
#15
Wenyi Lin
Contracting of community services to non-governmental service-providing organisations - mainly social work agencies - is an emerging phenomenon and a social innovation with regard to delivering community services in urban China. Contracting of community services for the older person, which is the focus of this study, is embedded in the macro context of the development of social service contracting in China. Qualitative research techniques, including document analysis, case study, participant observation and in-depth interviews, were adopted for this study...
2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26573982/the-past-and-future-of-rri
#16
Arie Rip
Within the space of a few years, the idea of Responsible Research and Innovation, and its acronym RRI, catapulted from an obscure phrase to the topic of conferences and attempts to specify and realize it. How did this come about, and against which backdrop? What are the dynamics at present, and what do these imply for the future of RRI as a discourse, and as a patchwork of practices? It is a social innovation which creates opening in existing (and evolving) divisions of moral labour, a notion that is explained with the help of the history of responsibility language...
2014: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26489357/social-innovation-from-the-inside-considering-the-intrapreneurship-path
#17
Stephanie Berzin, Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26420807/social-innovation-for-the-promotion-of-health-equity
#18
Chris Mason, Jo Barraket, Sharon Friel, Kerryn O'Rourke, Christian-Paul Stenta
The role of social innovations in transforming the lives of individuals and communities has been a source of popular attention in recent years. This article systematically reviews the available evidence of the relationship between social innovation and its promotion of health equity. Guided by Fair Foundations: The VicHealth framework for health equity and examining four types of social innovation--social movements, service-related social innovations, social enterprise and digital social innovations--we find a growing literature on social innovation activities, but inconsistent evaluative evidence of their impacts on health equities, particularly at the socio-economic, political and cultural level of the framework...
September 2015: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26197732/human-centered-design-as-an-approach-for-place-based-innovation-in-public-health-a-case-study-from-oakland-california
#19
Jessica Vechakul, Bina Patel Shrimali, Jaspal S Sandhu
PURPOSE: This case study provides a high-level overview of the human-centered design (HCD) or "design thinking" process and its relevance to public health. DESCRIPTION: The Best Babies Zone (BBZ) initiative is a multi-year project aimed at reducing inequities in infant mortality rates. In 2012, BBZ launched pilot programs in three US cities: Cincinnati, Ohio; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Oakland, California. The Alameda County Public Health Department (ACPHD), the lead for the Oakland BBZ site, identified HCD as a promising approach for addressing the social and economic conditions that are important drivers of health inequities...
December 2015: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26033575/-organization-and-perception-of-low-threshold-services-for-older-migrants-in-communities-chances-for-social-participation-in-the-context-of-voluntary-engagement
#20
G Schäfer, D Brinkmann, R Freericks, M Kart
BACKGROUND: There is still a problematic situation in Germany for older migrants, who can be characterized by poverty, lack of knowledge of the healthcare system, generation conflicts and social exclusion. AIM: The objective of this article is the analysis of the chances for social participation of older migrants from two perspectives. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This qualitative study is based on an interdisciplinary research project sponsored by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research entitled "Cultures of social participation in local communities" (KUSTIS) from the promotion program "Social innovations for quality of life in old age " (SILQUA) and presents selected results from two subprojects...
July 2015: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
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