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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231159/comparison-of-the-proximate-composition-total-carotenoids-and-total-polyphenol-content-of-nine-orange-fleshed-sweet-potato-varieties-grown-in-bangladesh
#1
Mohammad Khairul Alam, Ziaul Hasan Rana, Sheikh Nazrul Islam
In an attempt to develop the food composition table for Bangladesh, the nutritional composition of nine varieties of orange-fleshed sweet potato was analyzed together with total carotenoids (TCC) and total polyphenol content (TPC). Each variety showed significant variation in different nutrient contents. The quantification of the TCC and TPC was done by spectrophotometric measurement, and the proximate composition was done by the AOAC method. The obtained results showed that total polyphenol content varied from 94...
September 14, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229216/enhanced-biotransformation-of-triclocarban-by-ochrobactrum-sp-tcc-1-under-anoxic-nitrate-respiration-conditions
#2
Hui Yun, Bin Liang, Deyong Kong, Zhiling Li, Guoshu Qi, Aijie Wang
Antimicrobial triclocarban (3,4,4'-trichlorocarbanilide, TCC) is frequently detected in soils and sediments for the widely reclaim of sewage sludge or biosolid in recent decades. This resulted from a weak removal of TCC during wastewater treatment, and most of it adsorbed onto sewage sludge. As the toxicity and persistence of TCC in the environment, the elimination of TCC from the source of output is of great importance, particularly in anoxic process. In this study, the biotransformation of TCC by a newly isolated TCC-degrading strain Ochrobactrum sp...
February 22, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222350/a-thdreb-gene-from-tamarix-hispida-improved-the-salt-and-drought-tolerance-of-transgenic-tobacco-and-t-%C3%A2-hispida
#3
Guiyan Yang, Lili Yu, Kaimin Zhang, Yulin Zhao, Yucong Guo, Caiqiu Gao
Dehydration-responsive element-binding (DREB) transcription factors are important abiotic stress tolerance related genes, and some reports on the roles of DREB have primarily addressed herbal plants. To explore the abiotic stress tolerance role of DREB (ThDREB) from Tamarix hispida, a ThDREB gene with a complete ORF of 783 bp that encodes a 28.74 kDa protein with 260 amino acids, was isolated and functionally annotated. ThDREB expression was highly induced by NaCl, PEG, NaHCO3 and CdCl2 treatments, and the highest expression level (369...
February 10, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217972/clinical-outcome-of-partial-cystectomy-for-transitional-cell-carcinoma-of-the-canine-bladder
#4
S J Marvel, B Séguin, D D Dailey, D H Thamm
Canine transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder has historically been treated with a combination of chemotherapy, cyclooxygenase inhibitors and radiation therapy. While surgery has been used to treat TCC of the bladder, its efficacy has yet to be established. Thirty-seven client owned dogs that underwent partial cystectomy +/- various nonsurgical treatments for TCC were retrospectively evaluated. The overall median progression-free interval (PFI) was 235 days and the median survival time (ST) was 348 days...
February 20, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216943/non-transitional-cell-carcinoma-of-the-upper-urinary-tract-a-case-series-among-305-cases-at-a-tertiary-urology-institute
#5
Mohamed Mohamed Elawdy, Diaa-Eldin Taha, Yasser Osman, Mohamed Abd El-Hamid, Mohsen El-Mekresh
Non-transitional cell carcinomas (non-TCC) of the upper urinary tract as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), adenocarcinoma, and small cell carcinoma (SmCC) are rare with few case reports in the literature. We retrospectively reviewed our patients who surgically treated for upper tract urothelial carcinoma from 1983 to 2013 for non-TCC pathological cancer characteristics and survival. Among 305 patients, only 5 (1.6%) cases were found: One case of SmCC, another had adenocarcinoma, and 3 SCC cases. None of them had intravesical recurrence and the cancer-specific survival for non-TCC cohort is markedly decreased (log-rank = 0...
January 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214393/flow-cytometric-bacterial-cell-counts-challenge-conventional-heterotrophic-plate-counts-for-routine-microbiological-drinking-water-monitoring
#6
REVIEW
S Van Nevel, S Koetzsch, C R Proctor, M D Besmer, E I Prest, J S Vrouwenvelder, A Knezev, N Boon, F Hammes
Drinking water utilities and researchers continue to rely on the century-old heterotrophic plate counts (HPC) method for routine assessment of general microbiological water quality. Bacterial cell counting with flow cytometry (FCM) is one of a number of alternative methods that challenge this status quo and provide an opportunity for improved water quality monitoring. After more than a decade of application in drinking water research, FCM methodology is optimised and established for routine application, supported by a considerable amount of data from multiple full-scale studies...
February 8, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195242/the-alternative-complement-pathway-is-dysregulated-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#7
Negar Shahini, Annika E Michelsen, Per H Nilsson, Karin Ekholt, Lars Gullestad, Kaspar Broch, Christen P Dahl, Pål Aukrust, Thor Ueland, Tom Eirik Mollnes, Arne Yndestad, Mieke C Louwe
The complement system, an important arm of the innate immune system, is activated in heart failure (HF). We hypothesized that HF patients are characterized by an imbalance of alternative amplification loop components; including properdin and complement factor D and the alternative pathway inhibitor factor H. These components and the activation product, terminal complement complex (TCC), were measured in plasma from 188 HF patients and 67 age- and sex- matched healthy controls by enzyme immunoassay. Our main findings were: (i) Compared to controls, patients with HF had significantly increased levels of factor D and TCC, and decreased levels of properdin, particularly patients with advanced clinical disorder (i...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194179/the-prognostic-role-of-nedd9-and-p38-protein-expression-levels-in-urinary-bladder-transitional-cell-carcinoma
#8
Ola A Harb, Rasha Haggag, Maged M Ali, Shereen El Shorbagy, Abeer M Abdelbary, Lobna A Abdelaziz, Reham A Salim, Khaled M Abdel Wahab
Background. The most common malignant tumor of the urinary bladder is transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). Neural precursor cell-expressed developmentally downregulated protein 9 (NEDD9) is found to be a cell adhesion mediator. P38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase is a serine/threonine kinases member which can mediate carcinogenesis through intracellular signaling. Methods. To assess their prognostic role; NEDD9 and p38 protein were evaluated in sections from 50 paraffin blocks of TCC. Results. The high expressions of NEDD9 and p38 protein were significantly associated with grade, stage, distant metastasis (p < 0...
2017: Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146552/differences-in-the-rare-variant-spectrum-among-human-populations
#9
Iain Mathieson, David Reich
Mutations occur at vastly different rates across the genome, and populations, leading to differences in the spectrum of segregating polymorphisms. Here, we investigate variation in the rare variant spectrum in a sample of human genomes representing all major world populations. We find at least two distinct signatures of variation. One, consistent with a previously reported signature is characterized by an increased rate of TCC>TTC mutations in people from Western Eurasia and South Asia, likely related to differences in the rate, or efficiency of repair, of damage due to deamination of methylated guanine...
February 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145072/effect-of-quality-of-colostrum-on-health-growth-and-immunoglobulin-g-concentration-in-holstein-calves-in-a-hot-environment
#10
Miguel Mellado, Edir Torres, Francisco G Veliz, Angeles de Santiago, Ulises Macias-Cruz, Jose E Garcia
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of ingestion of pasteurized and subsequently frozen-thawed pooled colostrum (≥50 mg Ig/mL) with different bacterial counts and immunoglobulin concentration (IgC) on the occurrence of diarrhea and pneumonia in 306 neonatal Holstein calves in a hot environment. Calves were assigned to be fed colostrum with total bacterial counts (TBC) lower or greater than 100 000 colony-forming units (cfu)/mL, total coliform counts (TCC) greater or lower than 10 000 cfu/mL, and IgC lower or higher than 85 mg Ig/mL...
February 1, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143426/the-marine-triterpene-glycoside-frondoside-a-induces-p53-independent-apoptosis-and-inhibits-autophagy-in-urothelial-carcinoma-cells
#11
Sergey A Dyshlovoy, Ramin Madanchi, Jessica Hauschild, Katharina Otte, Winfried H Alsdorf, Udo Schumacher, Vladimir I Kalinin, Alexandra S Silchenko, Sergey A Avilov, Friedemann Honecker, Valentin A Stonik, Carsten Bokemeyer, Gunhild von Amsberg
BACKGROUND: Advanced urothelial carcinomas represent a considerable clinical challenge as they are difficult to treat. Platinum-based combination regimens obtain response rates ranging from 40 to 70% in first-line therapy of advanced urothelial carcinoma. In the majority of cases, however, the duration of these responses is limited, and when progression occurs, the outcome is generally poor. Therefore, novel therapeutic strategies are urgently needed. The purpose of the current research is to investigate the anticancer effects and the mode of action of the marine triterpene glycoside frondoside A in p53-wild type and p53-deficient human urothelial carcinoma cells...
February 1, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128913/overexpression-of-uhrf1-gene-correlates-with-the-major-clinicopathological-parameters-in-urinary-bladder-cancer
#12
Skender Saidi, Zivko Popov, Vesna Janevska, Sasho Panov
INTRODUCTION: Recently, expression of the UHRF1 gene was found to be up-regulated in numerous neoplasms, including the urinary bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine if the expression levels of UHRF1 gene correlates with the major pathological characteristics of the tumor and patients' clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, we have analyzed the tissue samples derived from group of 70 patients with histologically confirmed TCC of the urinary bladder, while normal urinary bladder mucosa obtained from 40 patients with nonmalignant diseases was used as a negative control group...
January 27, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125986/clinical-analysis-of-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-in-chinese-nine-case-reports-and-literature-reviews
#13
Zhi Chen, Qingquan Liu, Ruibao Chen, Zhuo Liu, Mingchao Li, Qing Ling, Licheng Wu, Jun Yang, Xiaming Liu, Tao Wang, Zhiquan Hu, Xiaoling Guo, Shaogang Wang, Weiming Yang, Jihong Liu
BACKGROUND: Small cell carcinoma of the bladder (SCCB) is a kind of rare and highly aggressive tumor that is present in an advanced stage and has a propensity for early metastasis. The main presenting symptom of SCCB is hematuria. Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, either alone or as a part of combined therapy, have been used as the treatment. The aim of this study is to present our experience with 9 SCCB patients who were treated with different modalities and to share the findings upon reviewing the literatures for patients with SCCB reported in 56 literatures in Chinese...
January 26, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124270/the-typical-msw-odorants-identification-and-the-spatial-odorants-distribution-in-a-large-scale-transfer-station
#14
Zhongtao Sun, Zhaowen Cheng, Luochun Wang, Ziyang Lou, Nanwen Zhu, Xuejun Zhou, Lili Feng
Odorants from municipal solid waste (MSW) were complex variable, and the screening of key offensive odorants was the prerequisite for odor control process. In this study, spatial odor emissions and environmental impacts were investigated based on a large-scale working waste transfer station (LSWTS) using waste container system, and a comprehensive odor characterization method was developed and applied in terms of the odor concentration (OC), theory odor concentration (TOC), total chemical concentration (TCC), and electric nose (EN)...
January 26, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122276/role-of-plant-growth-promoting-ochrobactrum-sp-mc22-on-triclocarban-degradation-and-toxicity-mitigation-to-legume-plants
#15
Merry Krisdawati Sipahutar, Alisa S Vangnai
Triclocarban (TCC) is an emerging and persistent pollutant once released into environment. In this study, TCC-degrading Ochrobactrum sp. MC22, was isolated and characterized. This is the first report on plant-growth promoting bacterium with versatile capability of TCC degradation under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The aerobic degradation of TCC occurred completely of which the kinetic analysis revealed a non-self-inhibitive substrate effect, and broad-concentration-range degradation efficiency (ranging from 0...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120570/preoperative-lymphocyte-monocyte-ratio-ameliorates-the-accuracy-of-differential-diagnosis-in-non-metastatic-infiltrative-renal-masses
#16
Jang Hee Han, Young Eun Yoon, Sook Young Kim, Young In Cho, Koon Ho Rha, Young Deuk Choi, Woong Kyu Han
PURPOSE: Distinguishing infiltrative renal cell carcinoma (RCC) from transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is a challenging issue due to their radiologic similarities. We evaluated systemic inflammatory biomarkers as parameters for distinguishing tumor types. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computerized search of medical records from November 2005 to October 2015 identified 116 patients with infiltrative renal masses who were difficult to diagnose confirmatively in radiological study...
March 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102295/bioactive-compounds-and-antioxidant-activity-of-wolfberry-infusion
#17
Yujing Sun, Japaer Rukeya, Wenyang Tao, Peilong Sun, Xingqian Ye
An infusion of the wolfberry (Lycium barbarum L.) is a traditional Asian herbal tea. This is the most commonly consumed form of dried wolfberry worldwide, yet little scientific information on wolfberry infusions is available. We investigated the effects of making infusions with hot water on the color, the content of bioactive compounds (polysaccharides, polyphenols, flavonoids and carotenoids) and the antioxidant ability of wolfberry infusions. The contents of bioactive compounds and the antioxidant activity of a wolfberry infusion increased with increased infusion temperature and time...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096925/penile-metastasis-from-primary-transitional-cell-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-sparing-the-urethra
#18
Justin D Oake, Douglas N Drover
Metastatic involvement of the penis is relatively infrequent. Metastasis of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is extremely rare. We report a case of bladder TCC with metastases to the penis that spares the urethra - a finding that, to the best of our knowledge, has not been previously reported. Of the documented mechanisms of metastatic transmission to the penis, we suspect the cause was retrograde lymphatic spread. In our case, a 59-year-old male presented to our clinic initially with phimosis and later developed gross hematuria...
November 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081510/gestational-and-lactational-exposure-to-di-isobutyl-phthalate-via-diet-in-maternal-mice-decreases-testosterone-levels-in-male-offspring
#19
Xiaoyang Wang, Nan Sheng, Ruina Cui, Hongxia Zhang, Jianshe Wang, Jiayin Dai
Phthalates are a large family of ubiquitous environmental chemicals suspected of being endocrine disruptors, with exposure to these chemicals during prenatal and postnatal development possibly resulting in reproductive disorders. Di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP) is widely used in consumer and industrial products, and although its exposure in the general population has increased in recent years, the mechanisms behind DiBP-induced reproductive disorders in male offspring remain unclear. Here, pregnant mice were exposed to 0 or 450 mg/kg bw/day DiBP via diet from gestation day (GD) 0 to GD21...
April 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078501/the-tissue-culture-laboratory-of-dr-george-otto-gey-60%C3%A2-yrs-ago-as-recalled-by-a-former-student
#20
Charles T Ambrose
George Otto Gey was a pioneer in tissue culture, having introduced the roller drum, the HeLa cell line, and the use of human fetal cord serum and beef embryo extract. During his career (1920s-1960s), the field of tissue culture was in its infancy and not yet dependent upon commercial biological supply houses. While the early techniques of cell culture have been greatly improved upon, of historical interest may be personal observations of the Gey Tissue Culture Laboratory, Johns Hopkins Medical School, as recalled by a medical student working there in the 1950s...
January 11, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
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