keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cranial nervs syndromes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675091/cranial-nerve-involvement-in-guillain-barre-syndrome-revisited
#1
Khichar Purnaram Shubhakaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670827/vasculitis-and-neurobrucellosis-evaluation-of-nine-cases-using-radiologic-findings
#2
Sule Aydin Turkoglu, Siddika Halicioglu, Fatma Sirmatel, Murside Yildiz, Nebil Yildiz, Serpil Yildiz
Background: Brucellosis is an important multisystemic disease with many different clinical symptoms, and its early diagnosis and treatment are possible. Neurobrucellosis (NB) is a rare but serious finding of brucellosis. Brucella can be seen as meningitis and encephalopathy, and it can cause cranial nerve pathologies, vascular syndromes, myopathy, spinal diseases, and psychiatric disorders. In NB, vascular syndromes secondary to inflammation are rarely seen. Here, we present nine young patients with vascular and nonspecific neuropsychiatric findings who had NB as the etiology of stroke...
April 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669602/cerebral-vasculitis-and-lateral-rectus-palsy-two-rare-central-nervous-system-complications-of-dengue-fever-two-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
H M M Herath, J S Hewavithana, C M De Silva, O A R Kularathna, N P Weerasinghe
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is a common mosquito-borne viral illness with a clinical spectrum ranging from a simple febrile illness to potentially life-threatening complications such as dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Dengue infection can affect many organs, including the central nervous system. The neurological manifestations reported in dengue infections are meningitis, encephalitis, stroke, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the cases of two interesting patients with confirmed dengue infection who presented with complications of possible central nervous system vasculitis and cranial nerve palsy...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663690/cranial-pair-0-the-nervus-terminalis
#4
Angel Peña-Melian, Juan Pablo Cabello-de la Rosa, Maria Jose Gallardo-Alcañiz, Julia Vaamonde-Gamo, Fernanda Relea-Calatayud, Lucia Gonzalez-Lopez, Patricia Villanueva-Anguita, Alicia Flores-Cuadrado, Daniel Saiz-Sanchez, Alino Martinez-Marcos
Originally discovered in elasmobranchs by Fritsh in 1878, the nervus terminalis has been found in virtually all species, including humans. After more than one-century debate on its nomenclature, it is nowadays recognized as cranial pair zero. The nerve mostly originates in the olfactory placode, although neural crest contribution has been also proposed. Developmentally, the nervus terminalis is clearly observed in human embryos; subsequently, during the fetal period loses some of its ganglion cells, and it is less recognizable in adults...
April 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660852/etiology-and-functional-validation-of-gastrointestinal-motility-dysfunction-in-a-zebrafish-model-of-charge-syndrome
#5
Kellie Cloney, Shelby L Steele, Matthew R Stoyek, Roger P Croll, Frank M Smith, Sergey V Prykhozhij, Mary M Brown, Craig Midgen, Kim Blake, Jason N Berman
CHARGE syndrome is linked to autosomal dominant mutations in the CHD7 gene and results in a number of physiological and structural abnormalities, including heart defects, hearing and vision loss and gastrointestinal (GI) problems. Of these challenges, GI problems have a profound impact throughout an individual's life, resulting in increased morbidity and mortality. A homologue of CHD7 has been identified in the zebrafish, the loss of which recapitulates many of the features of the human disease. Using a morpholino chd7 knockdown model complemented by a chd7 null mutant zebrafish line, we examined GI structure, innervation, and motility in larval zebrafish...
April 16, 2018: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660028/reoperation-for-medulloblastoma-prior-to-adjuvant-therapy
#6
Prayash Patel, David Wallace, Frederick A Boop, Brandy Vaughn, Giles W Robinson, Amar Gajjar, Paul Klimo
BACKGROUND: Surgery remains an integral part of the treatment of medulloblastoma. We present our experience with repeat surgery for this tumor before initiation of adjuvant therapy. OBJECTIVE: To report what was found intraoperatively and where at time of second-look surgery and detail any postoperative events or readmissions within 90 days of surgery. METHODS: Two separate institutional databases were queried to identify patients who underwent repeat resection of suspected residual medulloblastoma from January 2003 to January 2017...
April 11, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626689/petrous-face-meningiomas-classification-clinical-syndromes-and-surgical-outcomes
#7
Stephen T Magill, Jonathan W Rick, William C Chen, David A Haase, David R Raleigh, Manish K Aghi, Philip V Theodosopoulos, Michael W McDermott
BACKGROUND: Petrous face meningiomas (PFM) are challenging tumors due to their proximity to the cranial nerves, brainstem and critical vasculature. The objective of this study is to present surgical outcomes and support an anatomic classification for PFM based on clinical presentation. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed, and 51 PFM were identified. Tumors were classified by location along the petrous face into anterior, middle and posterior. Presentation and outcomes were analyzed with logistic regression...
April 4, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626035/varicella-zoster-encephalitis-cranial-nerve-neuropathies-and-takotsubo-syndrome-delving-further-into-the-pathogenesis
#8
John E Madias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610114/two-cases-of-unidentified-acute-compartment-syndrome
#9
Shinsuke Takeda, Masahiro Tatebe, Atsushi Sakai, Hitoshi Hirata
Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is a surgical emergency that requires urgent fasciotomy to prevent irreversible sequelae. We report two cases of unidentified ACS, which did not result from traumatic injuries such as fractures or crush injury, iatrogenic injury or diseases such as haematological malignancies. Both patients complained of severe pain and swelling of their extremity. No bite marks, blisters or skin necrosis was noted. They also complained of marked symptoms of third cranial nerve injury, including divergent squint and diplopia...
April 1, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604972/cryptococcal-meningitis-in-aids
#10
Andrej Spec, William G Powderly
Cryptococcal meningitis remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality amongst patients living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The prevalence in the developed world has decreased as HIV is being diagnosed earlier, but is still significant, and the prevalence in resource-limited settings is exceedingly high. The presenting symptoms usually include a headache, fever, and, less often, cranial nerve abnormalities. Space-occupying lesions do occur, but are rare. Once diagnosed, patients should be treated with a combination of amphotericin and flucytosine, with step-down therapy to fluconazole for a minimum of a year, or until the CD4 count is above 100 cells/μL, whichever is longer...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583086/dual-infection-of-the-central-nervous-system-caused-by-cryptococcus-and-toxoplasma-in-a-patient-with-aids-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Jose Armando Gonzales Zamora
Dual infection of the central nervous system secondary to Cryptococcus and Toxoplasma is very uncommon, even in the setting of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). We report the case of a 52-year-old patient who was admitted with multiple cranial nerve deficits. Magnetic resonance imaging showed supratentorial and infratentorial enhancing lesions. He was newly diagnosed with HIV infection with a CD4 count of 59 cells/uL and HIV viral load of 299,619 copies/mL. Diagnosis of Cryptococcus meningitis was made by Cryptococcal antigen in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)...
March 27, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571876/normal-tendon-reflexes-despite-absent-sensory-nerve-action-potentials-in-canvas-a-neurophysiological-study
#12
David Burke, G Michael Halmagyi
CANVAS is a recently defined progressive ataxic syndrome with impairment of vestibular, somatosensory and cerebellar function due to atrophic degeneration of dorsal root ganglia and dorsal columns, of cranial nerve somatosensory ganglia, of vestibular ganglia and vestibular nerves and of cerebellar Purkinje cells. While all patients eventually develop sensory impairment in a non-length dependent pattern and lose sensory nerve action potentials, some retain their tendon reflexes. Here we study 5 CANVAS patients with absent sensory nerve action potentials but intact, even brisk Achilles tendon reflexes and, in 4, preserved H reflexes in the upper and lower limbs...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557550/brainstem-dysgenesis-beyond-moebius-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
F Munell, M A Tormos, M Roig-Quilis
Brainstem dysgenesis designates all those patients with congenital dysfunction of cranial nerves and muscle tone due to prenatal lesions or malformations of the brainstem. This generic term has the advantage over the eponyms Moebius 'expanded' or 'unrestricted', Robin, Cogan or Carey-Fineman-Ziter syndromes in that it has a less restrictive view and provides a frame work that enables a systematic approach to diagnosis and research of most developmental disorders involving the brainstem. The review of the literature and our experience shows that infants with a predominant rombencephalic involvement are due to brainstem prenatal disruptive vascular accidents, while cases with midbrain and cerebellar involvement and widespread malformative syndromes have most likely an underlying genetic cause...
April 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543223/-facial-nerve-injury-in-neurosurgery-a-rehabilitation-potential-of-botulinum-therapy
#14
M A Akulov, O R Orlova, T V Tabashnikova, V V Karnaukhov, A S Orlova
Surgical treatment of posterior cranial fossa and cerebellopontine angle tumors is associated with a risk of facial nerve dysfunction. The causes for facial muscle paresis include nerve compression by the tumor, destruction of the nerve structure by the tumor growing from nerve fibers, nerve injury during surgical removal of the tumor, etc. The first 3 months after facial nerve injury are a potential therapeutic window for the use of botulinum toxin type A (BTA). During this period, the drug is introduced both in the healthy side to improve the facial symmetry at rest and during mimetic movements and in the affected side to induce drug-induced ptosis...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537615/bilateral-taste-disorders-in-patients-with-ramsay-hunt-syndrome-and-bell-s-palsy
#15
Pavlos Pavlidis, Rafael J A Cámara, Georgios Kekes, Haralampos Gouveris
OBJECTIVE: Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) and Bell's palsy (BP) are typically known as facial nerve motor syndromes and are primarily unilateral. The aim of this study was to challenge this assertion because both conditions are also known to be associated with viruses that typically affect several nerves. METHODS: Ten participants with RHS, 12 with BP, all clinically unilateral, and 12 healthy controls were prospectively enrolled. Electrogustometric thresholds were measured bilaterally in the areas of the chorda tympani, the glossopharyngeal, and the major petrosal nerve...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532442/vernet-syndrome-resulting-from-varicella-zoster-virus-infection-a-very-rare-clinical-presentation-of-a-common-viral-infection
#16
João Ferreira, Ana Franco, Tiago Teodoro, Miguel Coelho, Luísa Albuquerque
Vernet syndrome is a unilateral palsy of glossopharyngeal, vagus, and accessory nerves. Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection has rarely been described as a possible cause. A 76-year-old man presented with 1-week-long symptoms of dysphonia, dysphagia, and weakness of the right shoulder elevation, accompanied by a mild right temporal parietal headache with radiation to the ipsilateral ear. Physical examination showed signs compatible with a right XI, X, and XI cranial nerves involvement and also several vesicular lesions in the right ear's concha...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518833/-clinical-and-genetic-characteristics-of-congenital-myasthenia-syndrome-with-episodic-apnea-caused-by-chat-gene-mutation-a-report-of-2-cases
#17
Z M Liu, F Fang, C H Ding, W H Zhang, J Deng, C H Chen, X Wang, J Liu, Z Li, X L Jia, J S Zeng, S Y Qian
Objective: To investigate the clinical and genetic features of congenital myasthenia syndrome with episodic apnea (CMS-EA) caused by gene mutation of choline acetyltransferase (CHAT) Methods: The clinical data of 2 patients with congenital myasthenia syndrome were collected, and both were diagnosed from 2013 to 2015 in Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University. The clinical features and gene mutation characteristics were analyzed, and the patients were followed-up for therapeutic efficacy. Results: The two patients (case 1 and case 2) had the onset soon after birth and at 3 months after birth respectively...
March 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511323/phenotype-of-cntnap1-a-study-of-patients-demonstrating-a-specific-severe-congenital-hypomyelinating-neuropathy-with-survival-beyond-infancy
#18
K J Low, K Stals, R Caswell, M Wakeling, J Clayton-Smith, A Donaldson, N Foulds, A Norman, M Splitt, K Urankar, K Vijayakumar, A Majumdar, Ddd Study, S Ellard, S F Smithson
CHN is genetically heterogeneous and its genetic basis is difficult to determine on features alone. CNTNAP1 encodes CASPR, integral in the paranodal junction high molecular mass complex. Nineteen individuals with biallelic variants have been described in association with severe congenital hypomyelinating neuropathy, respiratory compromise, profound intellectual disability and death within the first year. We report 7 additional patients ascertained through exome sequencing. We identified 9 novel CNTNAP1 variants in 6 families: three missense variants, four nonsense variants, one frameshift variant and one splice site variant...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510758/garcin-syndrome-caused-by-sphenoid-bone-metastasis-of-lung-cancer-a-case-study
#19
Satoshi Fukai, Naoyuki Okabe, Hayato Mine, Hironori Takagi, Hiroyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Garcin syndrome, which consists of unilateral palsies of almost all cranial nerves without either sensory or motor long-tract disturbances or intracranial hypertension, can be caused by malignant tumors at the skull base. The case of a patient with lung cancer that metastasized to the sphenoid bone and resulted in Garcin syndrome is presented. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old woman was diagnosed as having non-small cell lung cancer with pericardial and diaphragmatic infiltration, cT4N1M0, stage 3A...
March 6, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501408/fazio-londe-syndrome-in-siblings-from-india-with-different-phenotypes
#20
Vykuntaraju K Gowda, Tamilarasan Udhayabanu, Perumal Varalakshmi, Varunvenkat M Srinivasan, Balasubramaniem Ashokkumar
BACKGROUND: Fazio-Londe syndrome also called progressive bulbar palsy of childhood is a very rare motor neuron disease of pediatric age group characterized by progressive paralysis of lower cranial nerves. OBJECTIVE: To describe Fazio-Londe syndrome in sibling with different phenotype. METHODS: A 6 years old female child presented with inability to close eyes, difficulty in swallowing, respiratory muscle weakness and voice change since 5 yr of age...
February 28, 2018: Brain & Development
keyword
keyword
83364
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"