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ezh2 liver

Daniela Gnani, Ilaria Romito, Simona Artuso, Marco Chierici, Cristiano De Stefanis, Nadia Panera, Annalisa Crudele, Sara Ceccarelli, Elena Carcarino, Valentina D'Oria, Manuela Porru, Ezio Giorda, Karin Ferrari, Luca Miele, Erica Villa, Clara Balsano, Diego Pasini, Cesare Furlanello, Franco Locatelli, Valerio Nobili, Rossella Rota, Carlo Leonetti, Anna Alisi
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer in humans. The focal adhesion tyrosine kinase (FAK) is often over-expressed in human HCC and FAK inhibition may reduce HCC cell invasiveness. However, the anti-oncogenic effect of FAK knockdown in HCC cells remains to be clarified. We found that FAK depletion in HCC cells reduced in vitro and in vivo tumorigenicity, by inducing G2/M arrest and apoptosis, decreasing anchorage-independent growth, and modulating the expression of several cancer-related genes...
March 24, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
Yang Yang, Xiao-Xia Chen, Wan-Xia Li, Xiao-Qin Wu, Cheng Huang, Juan Xie, Yu-Xin Zhao, Xiao-Ming Meng, Jun Li
EZH2, a histone H3 lysine-27-specific methyltransferase, is involved in diverse physiological and pathological processes including cell proliferation and differentiation. However, the role of EZH2 in liver fibrosis is largely unknown. In this study, it was identified that EZH2 promoted Wnt pathway-stimulated fibroblasts in vitro and in vivo by repressing Dkk-1, which is a Wnt pathway antagonist. The expression of EZH2 was increased in CCl4 -induced rat liver and primary HSCs as well as TGF-β1-treated HSC-T6, whereas the expression of Dkk1 was reduced...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Veena Kochat, Zaffar Equbal, Prakash Baligar, Vikash Kumar, Madhulika Srivastava, Asok Mukhopadhyay
The strictly regulated unidirectional differentiation program in some somatic stem/progenitor cells has been found to be modified in the ectopic site (tissue) undergoing regeneration. In these cases, the lineage barrier is crossed by either heterotypic cell fusion or direct differentiation. Though studies have shown the role of coordinated genetic and epigenetic mechanisms in cellular development and differentiation, how the lineage fate of adult bone marrow progenitor cells (BMPCs) is reprogrammed during liver regeneration and whether this lineage switch is stably maintained are not clearly understood...
2017: PloS One
Ming Xia, Lv Yao, Qiaoxia Zhang, Feng Wang, Hongbin Mei, Xiaoqiang Guo, Weiren Huang
Long Noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a kind of non-protein coding transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides, and play important roles in diverse biological processes, such as embryonic development and apoptosis. Homeobox (HOX) transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) is a negative prognostic factor in a variety of human cancers, such as breast, liver and lung cancers. HOTAIR can promote cancer cell metastasis by reprogramming chromatin organization. In the present study, HOTAIR expression was elevated in tissues of renal cell carcinoma compared to adjacent normal tissues, and positively correlated with metastasis (P<0...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
N A Wijetunga, M Pascual, J Tozour, F Delahaye, M Alani, M Adeyeye, A W Wolkoff, A Verma, J M Greally
The predisposition of patients with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) involves components of viral infection, inflammation and time. The development of multifocal, genetically distinct tumours is suggestive of a field defect affecting the entire liver. The molecular susceptibility mediating such a field defect is not understood. One potential mediator of long-term cellular reprogramming is heritable (epigenetic) regulation of transcription, exemplified by DNA methylation. We studied epigenetic and transcriptional changes in HCV-infected livers in comparison with control, uninfected livers and HCC, allowing us to identify pre-neoplastic epigenetic and transcriptional events...
April 6, 2017: Oncogene
Hussein M Atta, Ayman A Al-Hendy, Salama R Abdel Raheim, Hend Abdel-Ghany, Khalid A Nasif, Ahlam M Abdellah, Nagwa M Zenhom, Heba S Kamel
AIM OF THE STUDY: Adenovector encoding tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) was shown to reduce experimental peritoneal adhesion. We investigated the targeting potential of our modified adenovector, its ability to reduce adhesions and the epigenetic role of histone methyltransferase EZH2 in adhesion formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Control lacZ, nonmodified tPA or modified tPA vectors were instilled in the peritoneal cavity after injury in de novo adhesions or after lysis of adhesions in recurrent adhesions...
April 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Jiahui An, Mengying Wu, Xiaoru Xin, Zhuojia Lin, Xiaonan Li, Qidi Zheng, Xin Gui, Tianming Li, Hu Pu, Haiyan Li, Dongdong Lu
Cancer stem cells are associated with tumor recurrence. IKK is a protein kinase that is composed of IKKα, IKKβ, IKKγ. Herein, we demonstrate that IKKα plus IKKβ promoted and IKKγ inhibited liver cancer stem cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, IKKα plus IKKβ enhanced and IKKγ inhibited the interplay among HP1α, HP1β and HP1γ that competes for the interaction among HP1α, SUZ12, HEZ2. Therefore, IKKα plus IKKβ inhibited and IKKγ enhanced the activity of H3K27 methyltransferase SUZ12 and EZH2, which methylates H3K27 immediately sites on HOTAIR promoter region...
August 2, 2016: Oncotarget
Pingping Zhu, Yanying Wang, Guanling Huang, Buqing Ye, Benyu Liu, Jiayi Wu, Ying Du, Lei He, Zusen Fan
Liver cancer stem cells (CSCs) may contribute to the high rate of recurrence and heterogeneity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, the molecular mechanisms underlying their self-renewal and differentiation remain largely unknown. Through analysis of transcriptome microarray data, we identified a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) called lnc-β-Catm, which is highly expressed in human HCC tumors and liver CSCs. We found that lnc-β-Catm is required for self-renewal of liver CSCs and tumor propagation in mice...
July 2016: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Bilge San, Naomi D Chrispijn, Nadine Wittkopp, Simon J van Heeringen, Anne K Lagendijk, Marco Aben, Jeroen Bakkers, René F Ketting, Leonie M Kamminga
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are transcriptional repressors of numerous genes, many of which regulate cell cycle progression or developmental processes. We used zebrafish to study Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (Ezh2), the PcG protein responsible for placing the transcriptional repressive H3K27me3 mark. We identified a nonsense mutant of ezh2 and generated maternal zygotic (MZ) ezh2 mutant embryos. In contrast to knockout mice for PcG proteins, MZezh2 mutant embryos gastrulate seemingly normal, but die around 2 days post fertilization displaying pleiotropic phenotypes...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yue Wang, Yongtao Xiao, Kai Chen, Sheng Chen, Min Zhang, Zhixiang Wu, Yeming Wu
Hepatoblastoma is the most common type of malignant liver tumor in children. While outcomes have been greatly improved in the past decades, the treatment of advanced hepatoblastoma has remained challenging. Enhancer of zeste homologue 2 (EZH2), a member of the polycomb group regulators of gene activity, is amplified and overexpressed in a variety of cancers. However, the role of EZH2 in hepatoblastoma has remained to be fully elucidated. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the expression patterns of EZH2 in hepatoblastoma cells and to assess the anti‑cancer effects of EZH2 depletion...
March 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Motohiko Oshima, Nagisa Hasegawa, Makiko Mochizuki-Kashio, Tomoya Muto, Satoru Miyagi, Shuhei Koide, Shogo Yabata, George Russel Wendt, Atsunori Saraya, Changshan Wang, Kazuya Shimoda, Yutaka Suzuki, Atsushi Iwama
Fetal liver hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) seed bone marrow (BM) and undergo reprograming into adult-type HSCs that are largely quiescent and restricted in their self-renewal activity. Here we report that in the absence of the polycomb-group gene Ezh2, a cohort of fetal-specific genes, including let-7 target genes, were activated in BM hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), leading to acquisition of fetal phenotypes by BM HSPCs, such as enhanced self-renewal activity and production of fetal-type lymphocytes...
April 2016: Experimental Hematology
Shu-Bin Gao, Shi-Long Sun, Qi-Lin Zheng, Li Zhang, Yuequan Zhu, Guang-Hui Jin, Li-Xiang Xue
Although the abnormal expression of Polycomb-group (PcG) proteins is closely associated with carcinogenesis and the clinicopathological features of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the genetic mutation profile of PcG genes has not been well established. In this study of human HCC specimens, we firstly discovered a highly conserved mutation site, G553C, in the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) gene enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2). This site also harbors a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs2302427, which plays an important antagonistic role in HCC...
2015: American Journal of Cancer Research
Yunyun Jiang, Gabriel G Malouf, Jianping Zhang, Xiaofeng Zheng, Yunxin Chen, Erika J Thompson, John N Weinstein, Ying Yuan, Jean-Philippe Spano, Russell Broaddus, Nizar M Tannir, David Khayat, Karen H Lu, Xiaoping Su
BACKGROUND: Integrative analysis of endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC) using multiple platforms has distinguished four molecular subgroups. However, the landscape of expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) and their role in charting EEC subgroups and determining clinical aggressiveness remain largely unknown. RESULTS: Using stringent criteria, we identified 1,931 expressed lncRNAs and predicted potential drivers through integrative analysis. Unsupervised clustering of lncRNA expression revealed three robust categories: basal-like, luminal-like and CTNNB1-enriched subgroups...
November 24, 2015: Oncotarget
Yuan Tian, Vincent W S Wong, Grace L H Wong, Weiqin Yang, Hanyong Sun, Jiayun Shen, Joanna H M Tong, Minnie Y Y Go, Yue S Cheung, Paul B S Lai, Mingyan Zhou, Gang Xu, Tim H M Huang, Jun Yu, Ka F To, Alfred S L Cheng, Henry L Y Chan
The growing epidemic of obesity, which causes nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the more severe phenotype nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), has paralleled the increasing incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Accumulating evidence demonstrates that overnutrition and metabolic pathways can trigger modifications of DNA and histones via deregulation of chromatin modifiers, resulting in aberrant transcriptional activity. However, the epigenetic regulation of HCC development in NAFLD remains obscure...
November 15, 2015: Cancer Research
Demin Cai, Mengjie Yuan, Yimin Jia, Haoyu Liu, Yun Hu, Ruqian Zhao
Betaine, which donates methyl groups through methionine metabolism for DNA and protein methylation, is critical for epigenetic gene regulation, especially during fetal development. Here we fed gestational sows with control or betaine supplemented diets (3 g/kg) throughout the pregnancy to explore the effects of maternal betaine on hepatic cell proliferation in neonatal piglets. Neonatal piglets born to betaine-supplemented sows demonstrated a reduction of cell number and DNA content in the liver, which was associated with significantly down-regulated hepatic expression of cell cycle regulatory genes, cyclin D2 (CCND2) and presenilin1 (PSEN1)...
December 2015: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Amedeo Sciarra, Luca Di Tommaso, Masayuki Nakano, Annarita Destro, Guido Torzilli, Matteo Donadon, Marco Maggioni, Silvano Bosari, Gaetano Bulfamante, Masanori Matsuda, Hideki Fujii, Tomoaki Ichikawa, Hiroyuki Morisaka, Katsuhiro Sano, Shintaro Ichikawa, Massimo Roncalli
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Human hepatocarcinogenesis in cirrhosis is thought to be multistep and characterized by a spectrum of nodular lesions, ranging from low to high grade dysplastic nodules (LGDN and HGDN) to early and progressed hepatocellular carcinoma (eHCC and pHCC). The aim of this study was to investigate the morphophenotypical changes of this sequence and their potential translational significance. METHODS: We scored the vascular profile, ductular reaction/stromal invasion and overexpression of five biomarkers (GPC3, HSP70, GS, CHC, and EZH2), in a series of 100 resected nodules (13 LGDN, 16 HGDN, 42 eHCC and 29 small pHCC)...
January 2016: Journal of Hepatology
Pushpinder Bawa, Sajna Zackaria, Mohit Verma, Saurabh Gupta, R Srivatsan, Bibha Chaudhary, Subhashini Srinivasan
Recently, large numbers of normal human tissues have been profiled for non-coding RNAs and more than fourteen thousand long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) are found expressed in normal human tissues. The functional roles of these normal lincRNAs (nlincRNAs) in the regulation of protein coding genes in normal and disease biology are yet to be established. Here, we have profiled two RNA-seq datasets including cancer and matched non-neoplastic tissues from 12 individuals from diverse demography for both coding genes and nlincRNAs...
2015: PloS One
H Fan, H Zhang, P E Pascuzzi, O Andrisani
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major risk factor for developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and HBV X protein (HBx) acts as cofactor in hepatocarcinogenesis. In liver tumors from animals modeling HBx- and HBV-mediated hepatocarcinogenesis, downregulation of chromatin regulating proteins SUZ12 and ZNF198 induces expression of several genes, including epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM). EpCAM upregulation occurs in HBV-mediated HCCs and hepatic cancer stem cells, by a mechanism not understood...
February 11, 2016: Oncogene
Fang Zheng, Yi-Ji Liao, Mu-Yan Cai, Tian-Hao Liu, Shu-Peng Chen, Pei-Hong Wu, Long Wu, Xiu-Wu Bian, Xin-Yuan Guan, Yi-Xin Zeng, Yun-Fei Yuan, Hsiang-Fu Kung, Dan Xie
Targeted therapy based on adjustment of microRNA (miRNA)s activity takes great promise due to the ability of these small RNAs to modulate cellular behavior. However, the efficacy of miR-101 replacement therapy to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. In the current study, we first observed that plasma levels of miR-101 were significantly lower in distant metastatic HCC patients than in HCCs without distant metastasis, and down-regulation of plasma miR-101 predicted a worse disease-free survival (DFS, P<0...
February 2015: PLoS Genetics
Hai Feng, Zhuo Yu, Yuan Tian, Ying-Ying Lee, May S Li, Minnie Y Y Go, Yue-Sun Cheung, Paul B S Lai, Andrew M L Chan, Ka-Fai To, Henry L Y Chan, Joseph J Y Sung, Alfred S L Cheng
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Aberrant chromatin modification is a key feature of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which is characterized by strong sexual dimorphism. Both enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) and cell cycle-related kinase (CCRK) contribute to hepatocarcinogenesis, yet whether the two oncogenic factors have functional crosstalk is unknown. METHODS: Cellular proliferation and tumorigenicity upon transgenic expression and RNA interference were determined by colony formation and soft agar assays, xenograft, orthotopic and diethylnitrosamine-induced HCC models...
May 2015: Journal of Hepatology
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