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Laparoscopic surgery and Bariatric surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773763/initial-experience-with-endoscopic-sleeve-gastroplasty-in-poland
#1
Aleksander Sowier, Przemysław Pyda, Anna-Maria Borucka, Sebastian Sowier, Jacek Białecki, Joanna Kapturzak, Stanisław Wójtowicz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is becoming one of the major public health problems. Bariatric procedures are considered the most effective methods of treating this condition but they are costly and entail a high risk of complications. Thus, there is a need to look for better bariatric treatment solutions. One of the newest, highly promising bariatric methods is endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG), which is comparably effective to other bariatric procedures in terms of weight loss but at the same time it is much less invasive...
April 30, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772522/bariatric-surgery-drives-major-rearrangements-of-the-intestinal-microbiota-including-the-biofilm-composition
#2
Giuseppina Campisciano, Carolina Cason, Silvia Palmisano, Michela Giuricin, Alessia Rizzardi, Lory Saveria Croce, Nicolo De Manzini, Manola Comar
The intestinal microbiota disequilibrium has been associated with obesity, while the role of the gut mucosal biofilms in this pathology is still unknown. We analysed the changes in the intestinal microbiota of obese patients after bariatric surgery with the aim of disclosing the rearrangement of the biofilm configuration. Although the bariatric surgery drives major rearrangements of the gut microbiota, obese patients maintain the Prevotella enterotype before and after surgery, as shown by normal weight patients, with an increase of Bacteroides vulgatus and Bacteroides uniformis ...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770188/retrograde-jejunojejunal-intussusception-in-a-pregnant-female-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#3
Khuram Khan, Saqib Saeed, Amrita Persaud, Mohammad Sbeih, Sanjiv Gray, Leaque Ahmed
Adult intussusception is a rare complication after laparoscopic Roux-En-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery. Incidence of intussusception is on the rise as the demand of bariatric surgeries is increased to treat morbid obesity. Among the bariatric surgeries, LRYGB gastric bypass results in significantly higher weight loss with thinning of the mesentery resulting in increased risk for intussusception. Majority of intussusception cases after gastric bypass have been reported in non-pregnant patients. We report a case of retrograde jejunojejunal intussusception in 6 weeks pregnant female following laparoscopic gastric bypass, which was diagnosed with abdominal magnetic resonance imaging and managed successfully with resection and revision of the anastomosis...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766305/evaluation-of-vte-prophylaxis-and-the-impact-of-alternate-regimens-on-post-operative-bleeding-and-thrombotic-complications-following-bariatric-procedures
#4
Maria S Altieri, Jie Yang, Janos Hajagos, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Jihye Park, Antonios P Gasparis, Andrew T Bates, Salvatore Docimo, Mark Talamini, A Laurie Shroyer, Aurora D Pryor
BACKGROUND: Studies examining utilization and impact of venous thromboembolism (VTE) chemoprophylaxis for patients undergoing bariatric surgery are limited. Determination of the optimal prophylactic regimen to minimize complications is crucial. METHODS: The Cerner Health Facts database from 2003 to 2013 was queried using ICD-9 codes to identify patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). VTE chemoprophylaxis regimens were divided into pre-operative alone (PreP), post-operative alone (PostP), both pre-operative and post-operative (PPP), or no prophylaxis (NP)...
May 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758389/gallbladder-perforation-into-the-greater-omentum-following-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-case-report-study
#5
Suhaib J S Ahmad, Sherif M Hakky, Douglas McWhinnie, Claire J Stocker, Peter Thomas, Sami Ahmad
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is considered a major risk factor for gallstone formation and is important due to its increasing prevalence worldwide. Many studies have reported an increased incidence of gallstone formation following bariatric surgery. This report documents a rare case of a complicated cholecystitis following sleeve gastrectomy and describes our management of the case and the management options for gallbladder disease in bariatric patients. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 60-year-old male was diagnosed with asymptomatic cholelithiasis at the time of sleeve gastrectomy for obesity treatment...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752665/microcirculatory-improvement-induced-by-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-is-related-to-insulin-sensitivity-retrieval
#6
Stefano Ministrini, Chiara Fattori, Maria Anastasia Ricci, Vanessa Bianconi, Rita Paltriccia, Marcello Boni, Maria Teresa Paganelli, Gaetano Vaudo, Graziana Lupattelli, Leonella Pasqualini
AIMS: Microvascular dysfunction is a potential factor explaining the association of obesity, insulin resistance, and vascular damage in morbidly obese subjects. The purpose of the study was to evaluate possible determinants of microcirculatory improvement 1 year after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) intervention. METHODS: Thirty-seven morbidly obese subjects eligible for bariatric surgery were included in the study. Post-occlusive reactive hyperemia (PORH) of the forearm skin was measured as area of hyperemia (AH) by laser-Doppler flowmetry before LSG and after a 1-year follow-up...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752664/patient-related-factors-predicting-workspace-conditions-during-laparoscopic-bariatric-surgery
#7
Paola Aceto, Cristina Modesti, Teresa Sacco, Roberto De Cicco, Valter Perilli, Marco Raffaelli, Carlo Lai, Liliana Sollazzi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have focused on the role of deep neuromuscular blockade (NMB) in improving surgical conditions during laparoscopic bariatric surgery. However, a wide inter-individual variability has been noted. The aim of this study was to identify patient-related factors affecting surgeon satisfaction with the surgical space and surgery duration in laparoscopic bariatric surgery under deep NMB. METHODS: One hundred eighty-five patients scheduled for laparoscopic gastric bypass were enrolled...
May 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735347/systematic-assessment-of-decision-analytic-models-for-the-cost-effectiveness-of-bariatric-surgery-for-morbid-obesity
#8
Adnan Alsumali, Ali Al-Hawag, Mihail Samnaliev, Tewodros Eguale
Bariatric surgery among patients with morbid obesity is very effective for providing long-term weight loss and remission of obesity-related co-morbidities. However, it is very expensive and its cost effectiveness is commonly argued. Long-term cost-effectiveness evaluations of bariatric surgery have often relied on decision models. A systematic review was performed on the methodologic approaches and their quality, evaluated the quality of reporting, and summarized findings and conclusions in published cost-effectiveness models of bariatric surgery for morbid obesity...
March 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725974/the-impact-of-preoperative-bmi-obesity-class-i-ii-and-iii-on-the-12-month-evolution-of-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass
#9
Eva M Ramírez, Omar Espinosa, Ricardo Berrones, Elisa M Sepúlveda, Lizbeth Guilbert, Miguel Solís, Carlos Zerrweck
BACKGROUND: Whether or not the initial body mass index (BMI) influences weight loss and comorbidities improvement after bariatric surgery continues to be a matter of debate. The main reason for this is a lack of studies including obesity class I. METHODS: Retrospective study with patients submitted to gastric bypass at a single institution. They were classified based on initial BMI (obesity class I, II, and III), and a comparative analysis of their metabolic profile (glucose, HbA1c%, C-peptide, insulin and diabetes medication), lipid profile (triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL), and clinical data (systolic/diastolic blood pressure and cardiovascular risk) was performed at 0 and 12 months...
May 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724681/incidence-of-cholecystectomy-after-bariatric-surgery
#10
Maria S Altieri, Jie Yang, Lizhou Nie, Salvatore Docimo, Mark Talamini, Aurora D Pryor
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery predisposes patients to development of cholelithiasis, and therefore the need of a subsequent cholecystectomy; however, the incidence of cholecystectomy after bariatric surgery is debated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study is to assess the incidence of cholecystectomy after 3 of the most common bariatric procedures. SETTING: University Hospital, involving a large database in New York State. METHODS: The Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System administrative longitudinal database was used to identify all patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) between 2004 and 2010...
March 30, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722910/glycemic-management-in-the-bariatric-surgery-population-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Meredith L Howard, Taylor D Steuber, Sarah A Nisly
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic often complicated by multiple comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Bariatric surgery is an increasingly common and effective weight loss strategy for obese patients that may result in resolution of metabolic related disease states, such as T2DM. Although bariatric surgery has many positive outcomes for patients, dietary and pathophysiologic changes can create difficult to control blood glucose, especially in the immediate perioperative setting. Depending on oral antidiabetic agent and insulin needs preoperatively, many patients require cessation of oral agents and reduction or cessation of insulin...
May 3, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704739/silastic-band-erosion-in-the-bypassed-stomach-after-fobi-pouch-operation-for-obesity-case-report
#12
A M Franco-Martínez, M Guraieb-Trueba, R Castañeda-Sepúlveda, E A Flores-Villalba, J Rojas-Méndez
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, one of the most commonly performed bariatric surgeries is the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGP). Access to the bypassed stomach in patients who have undergone this procedure, for evaluation and/or management in different clinical situations remains a challenge for the physician. In order to facilitate the entrance to the gastric remnant, a silastic marker is left in place during the Fobi-Pouch operation, a modified laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery technique...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703571/-complications-after-bariatric-surgery
#13
Regis Souche, Audrey de Jong, Claire Nomine-Criqui, Marius Nedelcu, Laurent Brunaud, David Nocca
Bariatric surgery became consensual after the NIH consensus of 1991 and the appearance of laparoscopic approach. This type of operation has a functional role (improvement of quality of life, locomotion and digestive symptoms as gastro-esophageal reflux disease), a prevention role (increase in life expectancy, reduction of risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease) and a curative role (remission of diabetes mellitus, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and arterial hypertension). The laparoscopic approach for bariatric surgery led to a major reduction of postoperative morbi-mortality...
April 24, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703506/safety-and-short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-patients-over-65-years-old-with-severe-obesity
#14
Panagiotis Lainas, Carmelisa Dammaro, Martin Gaillard, Gianfranco Donatelli, Hadrien Tranchart, Ibrahim Dagher
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a widely accepted, stand-alone bariatric operation. Data on elderly patients undergoing LSG are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to demonstrate that LSG is safe and effective for patients>65 years old with severe obesity. SETTING: Department of Minimally Invasive Digestive Surgery, Antoine-Beclere Hospital, AP-HP, Paris-Saclay University, France. METHODS: Prospectively collected data from consecutive patients undergoing LSG were retrospectively analyzed...
March 8, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699695/results-of-a-national-survey-about-perioperative-care-in-gastric-resection-surgery
#15
Marcos Bruna, Carla Navarro, Celia Báez, José Manuel Ramírez, María Ángeles Ortiz
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery after surgery programs in abdominal surgery are being established progressively. The aim of this study is to evaluate the application of different perioperative care measures in gastric surgery by Spanish surgeons. METHODS: A descriptive study of 162 surveys answered from September to December 2017 about the management and perioperative care in non-bariatric gastric resection surgery. RESULTS: Antibiotic and antithrombotic prophylaxis are always used by 96...
April 23, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696572/comparison-of-early-morbidity-and-mortality-between-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-gastric-bypass-in-high-risk-patients-for-liver-disease-analysis-of-american-college-of-surgeons-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program
#16
Mohamad A Minhem, Sali F Sarkis, Bassem Y Safadi, Souha A Fares, Ramzi S Alami
INTRODUCTION: Chronic liver disease is prevalent in obese patients presenting for bariatric surgery and is associated with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality (M&M). There are no comparative studies on the safety of different types of bariatric operations in this subset of patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare the 30-day postoperative M&M between laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-Y-gastric bypass (LRYGB) in the subset of patients with a model of end-stage liver disease (MELD) score ≥ 8...
April 25, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686922/endolumenal-vacuum-therapy-and-fistulojejunostomy-in-the-management-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-staple-line-leaks
#17
Kyle Szymanski, Estrellita Ontiveros, James S Burdick, Daniel Davis, Steven G Leeds
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the most common bariatric surgery performed for morbid obesity. Leaks of the vertical staple line can occur in up to 7% of cases and are difficult to manage. Endolumenal vacuum (EVAC) therapy and fistulojejunostomy (FJ) have separate documented uses to heal these complicated leaks. We aim to show the benefit of using EVAC with FJ in the treatment of LSG staple line leaks. The patient presented with an LSG chronic leak. EVAC therapy was initiated but failed to close the fistula after 101 days...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685506/three-trocar-laparoscopic-duodenal-switch-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#18
Giovanni Dapri, Jacques Himpens, Laurent Biertho, Michel Gagner
Laparoscopic duodenal switch is a recognized bariatric procedure, which can be performed in one step or as a second step after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Mainly, indications as primary surgery are super-obese or super super-obese patients, and after LSG indications are the presence of insufficient weight loss or weight regain, associated with morbid obesity co-morbidities, without gastroesophageal reflux. In this video, the authors report the technique of reduced port laparoscopic duodenal switch after LSG...
March 10, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684667/demographics-and-socioeconomic-status-as-predictors-of-weight-loss-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Amani Jambhekar, Amy Maselli, Shawn Robinson, Krystyna Kabata, Piotr Gorecki
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have established that race and socioeconomic factors may influence weight loss after bariatric surgery. Few studies have focused on laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The objective of this study is to determine if demographic factors may predict postoperative weight loss following LSG. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on 713 consecutive primary LSG operations performed with the same technique between February 2010 and May 2016 by a single surgeon (PG) were analyzed...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684298/the-efficacy-of-selected-bariatric-surgery-methods-on-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-a-retrospective-12-month-study
#20
Marek Bužga, Petra Marešová, Karin Petřeková, Pavol Holéczy, Kamil Kuča
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 25% of the Czech population is currently obese. Obesity rates are expected to increase in the future. Obesity not only raises the risk of health complications for individuals, but increasing rates also represent a significant and steadily growing economic burden for healthcare systems and society as a whole. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of three methods of bariatric surgery: laparoscopic greater curve plication (LGCP), laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYBG) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
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