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Mariya Ptashnyk, Brian Seguin
The microscopic structure and anisotropy of plant cell walls greatly influence the mechanical properties, morphogenesis, and growth of plant cells and tissues. The microscopic structure and properties of cell walls are determined by the orientation and mechanical properties of the cellulose microfibrils and the mechanical properties of the cell wall matrix. Viewing the shape of a plant cell as a square prism with the axis aligning with the primary direction of expansion and growth, the orientation of the microfibrils within the side walls, i...
October 19, 2016: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
Mariya V Shamzhy, Pavla Eliašová, Dana Vitvarová, Maksym V Opanasenko, Daniel S Firth, Russell E Morris
Germanosilicate zeolites often suffer from low hydrothermal stability due to the high content of Ge. Herein, we investigated the post-synthesis introduction of Al accompanied by stabilization of selected germanosilicates by degermanation/alumination treatments. The influence of chemical composition and topology of parent germanosilicate zeolites (ITH, IWW, and UTL) on the post-synthesis incorporation of Al was studied. Alumination of ITH (Si/Ge=2-13) and IWW (Si/Ge=3-7) zeolites resulted in the partial substitution of Ge for Al (up to 80 %), which was enhanced with a decrease of Ge content in the parent zeolite...
October 18, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Mariya V Konovalova, Pavel A Markov, Eugene A Durnev, Denis V Kurek, Sergey V Popov, Valery P Varlamov
Today, there is a need for the development of biomaterials with novel properties for biomedical purposes. The biocompatibility of materials is a key factor in determining its possible use in biomedicine. In this study, composite cryogels were obtained based on pectin and chitosan using ionic cryotropic gelation. For cryogel preparation, apple pectin (AP), Heracleum L. pectin (HP), and chitosan samples with different physical and chemical characteristics were used. The properties of pectin-chitosan cryogels were found to depend on the structural features and physicochemical characteristics of the pectin and chitosan within them...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Paul M Arnaboldi, Mariya Sambir, Christina D'Arco, Lauren A Peters, Jos F M L Seegers, Lloyd Mayer, Alison A McCormick, Raymond J Dattwyler
Yersinia pestis, one of history's deadliest pathogens, has killed millions over the course of human history. It has attributes that make it an ideal choice to produce mass casualties and is a prime candidate for use as a biological weapon. When aerosolized, Y. pestis causes pneumonic plague, a pneumonia that is 100% lethal if not promptly treated with effective antibiotics. Currently, there is no FDA approved plague vaccine. The current lead vaccine candidate, a parenterally administered protein subunit vaccine comprised of the Y...
October 13, 2016: Vaccine
Andrej A Kibrik, Mariya V Khudyakova, Grigory B Dobrov, Anastasia Linnik, Dmitrij A Zalmanov
We report a study of referential choice in discourse production, understood as the choice between various types of referential devices, such as pronouns and full noun phrases. Our goal is to predict referential choice, and to explore to what extent such prediction is possible. Our approach to referential choice includes a cognitively informed theoretical component, corpus analysis, machine learning methods and experimentation with human participants. Machine learning algorithms make use of 25 factors, including referent's properties (such as animacy and protagonism), the distance between a referential expression and its antecedent, the antecedent's syntactic role, and so on...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Mariya V Medvedyeva, Fabian H L Essler, Tomaž Prosen
We construct an exact map between a tight-binding model on any bipartite lattice in the presence of dephasing noise and a Hubbard model with imaginary interaction strength. In one dimension, the exact many-body Liouvillian spectrum can be obtained by application of the Bethe ansatz method. We find that both the nonequilibrium steady state and the leading decay modes describing the relaxation at late times are related to the η-pairing symmetry of the Hubbard model. We show that there is a remarkable relation between the time evolution of an arbitrary k-point correlation function in the dissipative system and k-particle states of the corresponding Hubbard model...
September 23, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Mariya Angelova, Emil Kovachev, Nikolai Todorov
AIM: The aim of this publication is to present a case of CMV infection during pregnancy, with clinical manifestations of the development of microcephaly and simultaneous dilatation of the 3rd and 4th brain ventricle at 23 weeks gestation. This article discusses the role of ultrasound screening in the second trimester of pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 25-year-old woman with the initials S.K. in her second pregnancy that came to our antenatal Consulting Centre...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mariya Angelova, Ivan Todorov, Emil Kovachev
AIM: To determine the prognostic value of the low Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) levels in the early stages of pregnancy (11-13 weeks GA) independently and in combination with a Doppler test of the uterine arteries during the second half of pregnancy (22-23 weeks GA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study covered the period 2010-2011 and included 106 pregnant women, aged 35-40, with a single child pregnancy. The research excluded pregnant women with anomalies of the fetus, smokers and women taking prophylactically low doses of aspirin...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mariya Angelova, Emil Kovachev, Veselina Tsankova, Iliana Koleva, Silvia Mangarova
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of chlamydial infection among pregnant women and to determine the role of this infection in the fetus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the first phase of this study were reported 58 pregnant women with a positive test for active chlamydial infection by applying immunofluorescence. In the second phase of the study were reported pregnant with premature burst membranes (PBM), postnatal complications associated with chlamydial infection as puerperal endometritis, and newborns are monitored for low birth weight and growth retardation at birth...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Lisham Ashrafioun, Francis A Bonadio, Kyoung Deok Baik, Stacey L Bradbury, Victoria L Carhart, Nicole A Cross, Alan K Davis, Margaret Feuille, Anna R Harper, Jennifer H Lackey, Brent Lang, Kirstin J Lauritsen, Jaclyn Leith, Lawrence A Osborn, Harold Rosenberg, Jacob Stock, Mariya Zaturenskaya
Given the variety and potential toxicity of synthetic cathinones, clinicians and educators would benefit from information about patterns of and motivations for use, frequency of psychosocial consequences, and experience of acute subjective effects. We administered a comprehensive, web-based survey to 104 recreational users of synthetic cathinones. Sixty percent of respondents consumed synthetic cathinones once or more per month, usually snorting or swallowing these drugs, typically at home, usually with others, customarily during the evening and nighttime hours, and often in combination with another drug such as alcohol or marijuana...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
Farhaan Hafeez, Mariya Miteva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Iliyana Pacheva, Ivan Ivanov, Marin Penkov, Daliya Kancheva, Albena Jordanova, Mariya Ivanova
A case with GAMT deficiency (homozygous c.64dupG mutation) presented with neurodevelopmental delay, rare seizures, behavioral disturbances, and mild hypotonia, posing diagnostic challenges. Metabolic investigations showed low creatinine in plasma and urine (guanidinoacetate couldn't be investigated) and slightly elevated lactate. MRI was normal. Correct diagnosis was possible only after MR spectroscopy was performed at age 5½ years. A homozygous c.64dupG mutation of the GAMT gene was identified in the proband...
September 2016: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Mariya Stoilova, Sasha Roseneil, Julia Carter, Simon Duncan, Miranda Phillips
This article explores how people who live apart from their partners in Britain describe and understand 'family'. It investigates whether, and how far, non-cohabiting partners, friends, 'blood' and legal ties are seen as 'family', and how practices of care and support, and feelings of closeness are related to these constructions. It suggests that people in LAT relationships creatively draw and re-draw the boundaries of family belonging in ways that involve emotionally subjective understandings of family life, and that also refer to normative constructions of what 'family' ought to be, as well as to practical recognitions of lived family 'realities'...
September 19, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
Mariya Goray, Kaye N Ballantyne, Bianca Szkuta, Roland A H van Oorschot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Mariya S Spasova, Xiaodi Chen, Grazyna B Sadowska, Edward R Horton, Yow-Pin Lim, Barbara S Stonestreet
Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury is a major cause of neurological abnormalities in the perinatal period. Inflammation contributes to the evolution of HI brain injury. Inter-alpha inhibitor proteins (IAIPs) are a family of proteins that are part of the innate immune system. We have reported that endogenous IAIPs exhibit developmental changes in ovine brain and that exogenous IAIP treatment reduces neuronal death in HI neonatal rats. However, the effects of HI on endogenous IAIPs in brain have not been previously examined...
September 12, 2016: Developmental Neurobiology
Olga A Efremova, Yuri A Vorotnikov, Konstantin A Brylev, Natalya A Vorotnikova, Igor N Novozhilov, Natalia V Kuratieva, Mariya V Edeleva, David M Benoit, Noboru Kitamura, Yuri V Mironov, Michael A Shestopalov, Andrew J Sutherland
This article describes the synthesis, structures and systematic study of the spectroscopic and redox properties of a series of octahedral molybdenum metal cluster complexes with aromatic sulfonate ligands ((n)Bu4N)2[{Mo6X8}(OTs)6] and ((n)Bu4N)2[{Mo6X8}(PhSO3)6] (where X(-) is Cl(-), Br(-) or I(-); OTs(-) is p-toluenesulfonate and PhSO3(-) is benzenesulfonate). All the complexes demonstrated photoluminescence in the red region and an ability to generate singlet oxygen. Notably, the highest quantum yields (>0...
October 21, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Ingrid Herskovitz, Mariya Miteva
Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA) is the most common scarring alopecia among African American women. Data about epidemiology, etiology, genetic inheritance, and management are scarce and come from individual reports or small series. CCCA has been associated with hot combing and traumatic hair styling for years; however, studies fail to confirm it as the sole etiologic factor. It has been shown in a small series that CCCA can be inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion, with a partial penetrance and a strong modifying effect of hairstyling and sex...
2016: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
Huixin Chen, Mariya Parimelalagan, Fumie Takei, Hapuarachchige Chanditha Hapuarachchi, Evelyn Siew-Chuan Koay, Lee Ching Ng, Phui San Ho, Kazuhiko Nakatani, Justin Jang Hann Chu
A molecular diagnostic platform with DANP-anchored hairpin primer was developed and evaluated for the rapid and cost-effective detection of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) with high sensitivity and specificity. The molecule 2, 7-diamino-1, 8-naphthyridine (DANP) binds to a cytosine-bulge and emits fluorescence at 450 nm when it is excited by 400 nm light. Thus, by measuring the decline in fluorescence emitted from DANP-primer complexes after PCR reaction, we could monitor the PCR progress. By adapting this property of DANP, we have previously developed the first generation DANP-coupled hairpin RT-PCR assay...
August 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Olga M Selivanova, Alexey K Surin, Victor V Marchenkov, Ulyana F Dzhus, Elizaveta I Grigorashvili, Mariya Yu Suvorina, Anna V Glyakina, Nikita V Dovidchenko, Oxana V Galzitskaya
It has been demonstrated using Aβ40 and Aβ42 recombinant and synthetic peptides that their fibrils are formed of complete oligomer ring structures. Such ring structures have a diameter of about 8-9 nm, an oligomer height of about 2- 4 nm, and an internal diameter of the ring of about 3-4 nm. Oligomers associate in a fibril in such a way that they interact with each other, overlapping slightly. There are differences in the packing of oligomers in fibrils of recombinant and synthetic Aβ peptides. The principal difference is in the degree of orderliness of ring-like oligomers that leads to generation of morphologically different fibrils...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Alessandro Parodi, Luca A Ramenghi, Mariya Malova, Domenico Tortora, Mariasavina Severino, Giovanni Morana, Andrea Rossi
Background Cerebellar hemorrhage is a complication of extreme prematurity with a significant impact on the neurodevelopmental outcome. It has been shown that cerebellar hemorrhage is associated with a reduction in the anteroposterior diameter of the pons on the midline sagittal plane at term-equivalent age, suggesting that cerebellar injury may impair overall pons development in premature infants. Objective This study stemmed from an incidental observation of crossed pontine hemiatrophy in a preterm infant with a history of unilateral massive cerebellar bleeding...
August 23, 2016: Neuropediatrics
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