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J Price, M C Harrison, R L Hammond, S Adams, J F Gutierrez-Marcos, E B Mallon
Phenotypic plasticity is when one genome can produce more than one phenotype. The caste system found in many social insects is an important example of plasticity. Several studies have examined gene expression in social insect developmental and caste differences. Changes in gene expression, however, are not the only source of phenotypic plasticity. Here, we investigate the role of alternative splicing in the buff-tailed bumble bee Bombus terrestris. We found that 5,458 genes in B. terrestris (40%) express more than one isoform...
February 2018: Molecular Ecology
Zulian Liu, Lin Ling, Jun Xu, Baosheng Zeng, Yongping Huang, Peng Shang, Anjiang Tan
MicroRNAs (miRNA) regulate multiple physiological processes including development and metamorphosis in insects. In the current study, we demonstrate that a conserved invertebrate miRNA-14 (miR-14) plays an important role in ecdysteroid regulated development in the silkworm Bombyx mori, a lepidopteran model insect. Ubiquitous transgenic overexpression of miR-14 using the GAL4/UAS system resulted in delayed silkworm larval development and smaller body size of larva and pupa with decrease in ecdysteriod titers...
February 2018: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Elena Novozhilova, Viacheslav Rybin, Petr Gorovoy, Irina Gavrilenko, Roman Doudkin
BACKGROUND: Occurrence of integristerone A (1), 20-hydroxyecdysone (2), ecdysone (3), 2-deoxy-20-hydroxyecdysone (4) has been analyzed in 64 species of the East Asian Caryophyllaceae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ecdysteroid content was determinate by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). HPLC with a high-resolution mass spectrometry was performed on Shimadzu LCMS-IT-TOF (Japan) system equipped with a LC-20A Prominence liquid chromatograph, a photodiode array detector SPD-M20A and ion-trap/time-of-flight mass spectrometer...
May 2015: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq, Muhammad Riaz, Vincenzo De Feo
Ipomea hederacea Jacq. (kaladana or ivy leaf morning-glory), a member of the family Convolvulaceae, is used primarily for its seeds and recognized for its medicinal properties, especially in Asian countries. This medicinal herb contains various valuable chemical constituents such as ecdysteriods, steroidal glycosides, aromatic acids, triterpenes, amino acids, organic acids, mineral elements and vitamins. A number of pharmacological properties such as diuretic, anthelmintic, blood purifier, deobstruent, laxative, carminative and anti-inflammatory actions have been ascribed to this plant, besides its use to treat abdominal diseases, fevers, headache and bronchitis...
2012: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
John D Hatle, Steven A Juliano, David W Borst
The role of hemolymph ecdysteroids in the reproduction of non-dipteran insects is unclear. We examine the role(s) of hemolymph ecdysteroids during egg production in the lubber grasshopper, Romalea microptera. In all individuals, hemolymph ecdysteroids rose to a sharp peak with similar maxima and then fell to undetectable levels. The time from the adult molt to the maximum ecdysteroid titer (E(max) titer) varied in response to food availability, whereas the time from E(max) titer to oviposition was unrelated to food availability...
January 2003: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
T Subramoniam
Ecdysteroids are the molting hormones in Crustacea, as in other arthropods. They also subserve functions in the control of reproduction and embryogenesis. The available evidence indicate that the ecdysteroids are sequestered into the ovary by binding to yolk precursor proteins. Steroidogenic ability of the ovary is yet to be demonstrated in Crustacea. Despite several investigations, the role of ecdysteroids in oocyte maturation is not fully known. However, the embryonic ecdysteroids undergo significant fluctuation, correlated to specific developmental stages, including the secretion of embryonic envelopes and cuticle...
February 2000: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
X Guo, M A Harmon, V Laudet, D J Mangelsdorf, M J Palmer
Ecdysteroids are assumed to be the major steroid hormones in arthropods. However, with the exception of insects and crustaceans, very little is known about ecdysteroid action in other arthropods. To determine if ecdysteriods play a functional role in the ixodid tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.), we isolated cDNAs encoding three presumed ecdysteroid receptor isoforms (AamEcRA1, AamEcRA2, and AamEcRA3) that have common DNA and ligand binding domains linked to distinct amino termini. The DNA and ligand binding domains share an average of 86 and 64% identity, respectively with DNA and ligand binding domains from insect EcR proteins...
November 1997: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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