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Minimal invasive

D Vardakostas, C Damaskos, N Garmpis, E A Antoniou, K Kontzoglou, G Kouraklis, D Dimitroulis
OBJECTIVE: Liver cysts are divided into congenital and acquired. Congenital cystic lesions include polycystic liver disease, simple cysts, duct related and ciliated hepatic foregut cysts. Acquired cystic lesions are divided into infectious and non-infectious. The infectious cysts are the hydatid cyst, the amoebic abscess, and the pyogenic abscess, whereas the non-infectious cysts are neoplastic cysts and false cysts. While modern medicine provides a lot of minimally invasive therapeutic modalities, there has emerged a pressing need for understanding the various types of liver cysts, the possible minimal therapeutic options along with their indications and complications...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Elena Guerini-Rocco, Antonio Passaro, Chiara Casadio, Valeria Midolo De Luca, Juliana Guarize, Filippo de Marinis, Davide Vacirca, Massimo Barberis
CONTEXT: - Molecular testing is essential for the diagnostic workup of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancers. Cytology specimens from minimally invasive procedures, such as endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration, are often the only available samples for these patients. The implementation of molecular diagnostic testing, and in particular next-generation sequencing-based testing, on these cytologic specimens is currently an evolving field for lung cytopathology...
April 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Gökhan Artaş, Şehmus Pala, Tuncay Kuloğlu, Remzi Atilgan, Şeyda Yavuzkir, Alparslan Akyol
The aim of this study was to compare the effects of only aspiration with aspiration and 5% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) application on ovarian cyst size and ovarian reserve. The ovarian cysts of 14 rats that were divided into two groups randomly were investigated after total salpingectomy procedure. G1 was the group of saline application after cyst aspiration, while in G2, after aspiration 5% TCA at half amount of aspiration volume was injected into the cyst and re-aspirated after five minutes. The abdomens of the rats were closed and re-explored after 1 month...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Matthias A König, Bronek M Boszczyk
OBJECTIVE: 360 degrees in-situ fusion for high-grade spondylolisthesis showed satisfying clinical long-term results. Combining anterior with posterior surgery increases fusion rates. Anteriorly inserted transvertebral HMA screws could be an alternative to strut graft constructs or cages, avoiding donor site complications. In addition, complete posterior muscle detachment is avoided and the injury risk of neural structures is minimized. This study investigates the use of HMA screws in this context...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Frederic Picard, Angela Deakin, Navin Balasubramanian, Alberto Gregori
In this review, we outlined the definition of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in total knee replacement (TKR) and described the different surgical approaches reported in the literature. Afterwards, we went through the most recent studies assessing MIS TKR. Next, we searched for potential limitations of MIS knee replacement and tried to answer the following questions: Are there selective criteria and specific patient selection for MIS knee surgery? If there are, then what are they? After all, a discussion and conclusion completed this article...
March 22, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Jae Hoon Jang, Nam Hoon Moon, Ki Young Park
Although surgical techniques for treating acetabular fracture are evolving, the use of periacetabular screws is common, and their placement in acetabular surgery is still technically demanding. For instance, intraarticular screw perforation is a serious complication that may occur during surgical treatment of an acetabular fracture. Here, we describe the case of a 50-year-old female who experienced an intraarticular screw perforation after surgical treatment of a posterior acetabular wall fracture. Removal of the perforated screw was performed arthroscopically based on its ability to offer minimally invasive access to the hip joint...
March 2018: Hip & Pelvis
Ovidiu Palea, Michelle Granville, Robert E Jacobson
The clinical effectiveness of percutaneous and transforaminal endoscopic discectomy procedures has been evaluated by the system used or compared to open laminectomy or micro-discectomy but are not evaluated based on the location and characteristics of the abnormal disc. This review proposes that outcomes are primarily related to disc size, biomechanics, location, and associated segmental fibrotic and bone changes as well as the surgeon's skill in using various systems rather than the specific system used...
January 20, 2018: Curēus
Baohui Hou
The medium and long-term effects of electrophysiologic monitoring on the facial nerve function in minimally invasive surgery treating acoustic neuroma were studied. Sixty-two patients with acoustic neuroma taking minimally invasive surgeries in Dezhou Hospital from August 2014 to September 2015 were selected and randomly divided into 29 cases of the control group and 33 cases of the observation group. Intraoperative electrophysiologic monitoring was applied to the observation group, but not to the control group...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Balaji Zacharia, Dhiyaneswaran Subramaniam, Jerin Joy
Metastasis is the commonest bone tumors. The commonest primary metastasis to the bone are the breast, lung, prostate, kidney, and thyroid. The bone is the third common site of metastatic disease, only the lung and the liver have higher metastatic rate than skeleton. We have no epidemiological studies conducted to evaluate the various aspects of skeletal metastasis like age, sex distribution, presentation, common sites of primary and associated secondary metastases, and investigation from Indian subcontinent...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Giovanni E Lombardo, Valentina Maggisano, Marilena Celano, Donato Cosco, Chiara Mignogna, Federica Baldan, Saverio M Lepore, Lorenzo Allegri, Sonia Moretti, Cosimo Durante, Giuseppe Damante, Massimo Fresta, Diego Russo, Stefania Bulotta, Efisio Puxeddu
The high frequency of hTERT-promoting mutations and the increased expression of hTERT mRNA in anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) make TERT a suitable molecular target for the treatment of this lethal neoplasm. In this study, we encapsulated an anti-hTERT oligonucleotide in biocompatible nanoparticles and analyzed the effects of this novel pharmaceutical preparation in preclinical models of ATC. Biocompatible nanoparticles were obtained in an acidified aqueous solution containing chitosan, anti-hTERT oligoRNAs and poloxamer 188 as a stabilizer...
March 21, 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Zeyad Sako, Sindhu Reddy Avula, Elissa Gaies, Rebecca Daniel
Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters are increasingly used in patients with recurrent venous thromboembolism in whom anticoagulation is contraindicated or intolerable. Migration of fragments is a known complication of IVC filter use. We present a case of a 32-year-old man, who presented with right-sided chest pain believed to be caused by a migrated IVC fragment to the right ventricle. The filter was removed by an endovascular cook forceps with the assistance of intracardiac echocardiography. This case serves as an addition to the existing reports of successful removal of intracardiac fragments via minimally invasive endovascular approach, amid a larger number of intracardiac fragments that have been removed by an open-heart approach...
March 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Jinming Li, Yuan Yang, Yuankai Zhu, Liqiang Zhou, Yunfeng Han, Tao Yin, Zhaoting Cheng, Guopeng Zhang, Yanxia Shen, Jing Chen
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common mental disorder worldwide, but now there is a lack of clinically effective assessment and management of MDD. In this study, we used technetium-99 m ethylcysteinate dimer ([99m Tc]ECD) SPECT/CT to characterize the regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) status of MDD patients, and to explore an objective image assessment model of MDD which is non- or minimally-invasive, convenient and accurate in a clinical setting. METHODS: The severity of MDD was assessed by three trained psychiatrists, based on scores obtained from HAMD and HAMA...
March 21, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Liu Shi, Alison L Baird, Sarah Westwood, Abdul Hye, Richard Dobson, Madhav Thambisetty, Simon Lovestone
Blood-based biomarkers represent a less invasive and potentially cheaper approach for aiding Alzheimer's disease (AD) detection compared with cerebrospinal fluid and some neuroimaging biomarkers. Acknowledging that many in the field have made great progress, here we review some of the work that our group has pursued to identify and validate blood-based proteomic biomarkers through both case control and AD pathology endophenotype-based approaches. Our focus is primarily to identify a minimally invasive and hopefully cost-effective blood-based biomarker to reduce screen failure in clinical trials where participants have prodromal or even pre-clinical disease...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
X F Guo, Z G Li
Robotic assisted surgery system is the most advanced minimally invasive surgical platform in the world, and this system has been widely used in cardiac surgery, urology surgery, gynecology surgery and general surgery. Although the application of this system was relative late in esophageal surgery, it has been developing vigorously. According to the research progress and practical experience in the world, robot assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) has the same safety and effectiveness as traditional open esophagectomy (OE) and thoracoscopic laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE)...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
K C Zhang, L Chen
Different proficiency in minimally invasive surgery has great impact on efficacy of minimally invasive surgery. Therefore, great importance should be attached to the standardization of minimally invasive surgery. Accurate preoperative staging plays a prerequisite role which emphasizes multiple diagnostic strategies. Precise intraoperative procedure plays an essential role which should be performed according to the evidence-based expert consensus and guideline. Standardized postoperative management plays a crucial role which includes ex vivo lymph node dissection, registry of complication and follow-up and establishment of medical database...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Daniel Ianni Filho, Ilka de Fatima Santana Ferreira Boin, Ademar Yamanaka
BACKGROUND: Fibrosis are common structural hepatic change in patients with chronic hepatitis. Liver biopsy is the gold standard for determining the extent of liver fibrosis. Considering the technical difficulties and cost, improvements in non-invasive screening tools are greatly needed. Bioimpedance have been shown to be safe to evaluate tissue fibrosis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of using monofrequential bipolar bioimpedance for the detection of severity of liver fibrosis consistent with chronic viral hepatitis C infections...
January 2018: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Hong-Mei Luo, Shu-Zhen Zhao, Chuan Li, Li-Ping Chen
Minimal information is available concerning platelet-albumin-bilirubin (PALBI) grades in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following liver resection. This study aimed to investigate the predictive ability of PALBI grades in patients with a Child-Pugh class A score and hepatitis B virus-related (HBV-related) HCC after liver resection.The data of patients with HBV-related HCC who underwent liver resection from 2010 to 2017 at our center were reviewed (n = 785). Cox regression was used to determine factors independently associated with postoperative recurrence and mortality...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Z B Khalilov, A Yu Kalinichenko, R Kh Azimov, M A Chinikov, I S Panteleeva, F S Kurbanov
AIM: To evaluate the role of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer in advanced age patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 290 patients with colorectal cancer were enrolled including 121 patients with rectal cancer and 169 patients with colon cancer. Main group consisted of 171 patients over 60 years old, control group - 119 patients younger 60 years old. RESULTS: Radical advanced procedures on different parts of colon including laparoscopic approach were performed in the majority of advanced age patients...
2018: Khirurgiia
A A Polyantsev, A V Bykov, A A Polyantsev, V V Kotrunov, A G Zimin, Yu A Dyachkova
AIM: To analyze the errors and complications of surgical care in patients with the first episode of spontaneous pneumothorax at different hospitals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2005 to 2015 three hundreds and seventeen patients with the first episode of spontaneous pneumothorax have been treated at the thoracic department of Volgograd State Medical University. Patients were divided into 2 groups: 79 of them underwent thoracotomy while in 238 cases minimally invasive technologies were applied...
2018: Khirurgiia
A A Polyakov
AIM: To improve the outcomes in patients with inguinal hernias by application of advanced minimally invasive procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The article describes an experience of 59 laparoscopic allohernioplasties in 48 patients at the central regional hospital. There were bilateral hernias in 11 cases. Transabdominal preperitoneal (n=49) and extraperitoneal (n=10) placement of polypropylene mesh graft were used. RESULTS: Intraoperative complications such as sigmoid colon lesion occurred in 2 patients with sliding left-sided hernia...
2018: Khirurgiia
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