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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351671/a-novel-non-invasive-method-for-evaluating-electroencephalograms-on-laying-hens
#1
Krista N Eberle, Michael P Martin, Sanjay Shah, Ramon D Malheiros, Kimberly A Livingston, Kenneth E Anderson
The use of electroencephalograms (EEG) to study the avian brain relative to behavior was conducted as early as the 1960's. EEG readings, combined with visual cues, provide the ability to elucidate and correlate behaviors to neurological and physiological changes in a chicken. The use of EEG recordings in animal models require access to the brain to implant electrodes. Having the ability to observe EEG activity on sensible birds without surgical implantation could broaden the research in this area and give further insight related to the hen's state of awareness...
January 17, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351647/minimally-invasive-lateral-retroperitoneal-approach-for-resection-of-extraforaminal-lumbar-plexus-schwannomas-operative-techniques-and-literature-review
#2
Michael M Safaee, Christopher P Ames, Vedat Deviren, Aaron J Clark
BACKGROUND: Traditional approaches for retroperitoneal lumbar plexus schwannomas involve anterior open or laparoscopic resection. For select tumors, the lateral retroperitoneal approach provides a minimally invasive alternative. OBJECTIVE: To describe a minimally invasive lateral transpsoas approach for the resection of retroperitoneal schwannomas. METHODS: A lateral retroperitoneal transpsoas approach was used to resect a 3.1 × 2.7 × 4...
January 17, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351595/propensity-matched-comparison-between-minimally-invasive-and-conventional-sternotomy-in-aortic-valve-resuspension
#3
Nadejda Monsefi, Petar Risteski, Aleksandra Miskovic, Andreas Zierer, Anton Moritz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the results of David procedure through conventional or minimally invasive approach. METHODS: A propensity-matched comparison in patients undergoing a minimally invasive (partial upper sternotomy, n = 103) or complete sternotomy (n = 103) David procedure from 1991 to 2016 was performed. Patients were 57 ± 14 years old on average in both groups. The David technique was modified by generating a neosinus (P < 0...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351268/use-of-different-methods-of-intramedullary-nailing-for-fixation-of-distal-radius-fractures-a-retrospective-analysis-of-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes
#4
Murat Çalbıyık, Deniz Ipek
BACKGROUND We aimed to evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes of using Sonoma WRx versus Micronail intramedullary nailing for the fixation of distal radius fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 68 patients with primarily extra-articular and simple intra-articular fractures of the distal radius who underwent intramedullary distal radius fixation using Sonoma WRx (n=39) or Micronail (n=29) intramedullary nails were enrolled in the study. The clinical outcome measures included the range of motion (ROM), visual analog scale (VAS), functional outcomes (patient-reported Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand [DASH] score and clinician-based Gartland-Werley score), radiographic scores (Stewart score), and parameters related to the quality of radiographic reduction and complications (radial inclination, volar tilt, radial height, and radio-ulnar variance)...
January 19, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350783/malignant-mesothelioma-in-situ
#5
Andrew Churg, Harry Hwang, Lawrence Tan, Gefei Qing, Altaf Taher, Amy Tong, AnaMaria Bilawich, Sanja Dacic
The existence of malignant mesothelioma in situ (MIS) is often postulated, but there are no accepted morphologic criteria for making such a diagnosis. Here we report two cases that appear to be true MIS on the basis of in situ genomic analysis. In one case the patient had repeated unexplained pleural unilateral effusions. Two thoracoscopies 9 months apart revealed only visually normal pleura. Biopsies from both thoracoscopies showed only a single layer of mildly reactive mesothelial cells. However, these cells had lost BAP1 and showed loss of CDKN2A ("p16″) by FISH...
January 19, 2018: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350647/rotator-cuff-calcific-tendinopathy-from-diagnosis-to-treatment
#6
Vito Chianca, Domenico Albano, Carmelo Messina, Federico Midiri, Giovanni Mauri, Alberto Aliprandi, Michele Catapano, Lorenzo Carlo Pescatori, Cristian Giuseppe Monaco, Salvatore Gitto, Anna Pisani Mainini, Angelo Corazza, Santi Rapisarda, Grazia Pozzi, Antonio Barile, Carlo Masciocchi, Luca Maria Sconfienza
Rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy (RCCT) is a very common condition caused by the presence of calcific deposits in the rotator cuff (RC) or in the subacromial-subdeltoid (SASD) bursa when calcification spreads around the tendons. The pathogenetic mechanism of RCCT is still unclear. It seems to be related to cell-mediated disease in which metaplastic transformation of tenocytes into chondrocytes induces calcification inside the tendon of the RC. RCCT is a frequent finding in the RC that may cause significant shoulder pain and disability...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350340/poem-in-the-treatment-of-esophageal-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Nasim Parsa, Mouen A Khashab
OPINION STATEMENT: PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a novel minimally invasive technique that has emerged as the preferred option for the treatment of achalasia and spastic esophageal disorders (SED) at many centers around the world. In this article, we review and summarize the recent literature on POEM in patients with achalasia and SED. The current article is largely focused on the new developments and findings, extended applications, and long-term outcomes of POEM in patients with achalasia and SED...
January 19, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350339/emerging-insights-into-the-esophageal-microbiome
#8
REVIEW
Michael May, Julian A Abrams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Analysis of the esophageal microbiome remains a relatively new field of research, and most studies to date have focused on characterizing the esophageal microbiome in states of health and disease. Microbiome alterations have been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and neoplastic conditions in the colon and elsewhere in the gastrointestinal tract. The epidemiology of various esophageal conditions including Barrett's esophagus (BE), esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) point to the microbiome as a potential co-factor in disease pathogenesis, and the possibility exists that these microbiome alterations could contribute directly to the inflammatory environments necessary for the carcinogenesis or atopy involved in these conditions...
January 19, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350086/hematoma-clearance-as-a-therapeutic-target-in-intracerebral-hemorrhage-from-macro-to-micro
#9
D Andrew Wilkinson, Richard F Keep, Ya Hua, Guohua Xi
Despite the absence of an intervention shown to improve outcomes in intracerebral hemorrhage, preclinical work has led to a greater understanding of the pathologic pathways of brain injury. Methods targeting hematoma clearance through both macroscopic (surgical) and microscopic (endogenous phagocytosis) means are currently under investigation, with multiple clinical trials ongoing. Macroscopic methods for removal involve both catheter- and endoscope-based therapies to remove the hematoma through minimally invasive surgery...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350011/-treatment-of-ossification-of-ligamentum-flavum-complicated-with-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#10
Xu Lan, Jie Gao, Jian-Zhong Xu, Xue-Mei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the imaging characteristic and operation outcome of ossification of ligamentum flavum with lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: January 2013 to January 2016, 9 patients with ossification of ligamentum flavum with lumbar spinal stenosis were treated, included 5 males and 4 females, aged from 51 to 63 years old with an average of 57 years old. All patients complained intermittent claudication and radiating pain at lower limb. The pathologic change regions examined by CT or MRI were as follows:2 cases in L₄,₅ and L₅S₁, 5 in L̀,̀, and 2 in L₅S₁...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349998/-comparative-study-of-minimally-invasive-percutaneous-pedicle-screw-fixation-and-open-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-fractures
#11
Hui Ye, Qi-Xin Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcomes of minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screw fixation and open surgery in the treatment of thoracolumbar fracture. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients who had undergone surgery for thoracolumbar fracture from June 2014 to December 2014 was performed. Sixty-one cases were included and 29 cases were treated by minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (minimally invasive group) and 32 cases were treated by the traditional open pedicle screw fixation(open group)...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349996/-to-implement-minimally-invasive-endoscopic-spinal-surgery-proactively-and-safely-by-mastering-multiple-techniques
#12
Bao-Shan Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349976/-analysis-on-the-arthroscopy-efficacy-with-different-irrigation-times-for-the-treatment-of-suppurative-knee-arthritis-in-elder-patients
#13
Yi Yuan, Hai-Jun Zhang, Bo Zhang, Hao Luo, Chao Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the curative effect of arthroscopy-assisted irrigation with different times for the treatment of suppurative knee arthritis in elder patients. METHODS: From October 2012 to October 2014, 23 old patients with suppurative knee arthritis were treated with arthroscopic debridement and continuous irrigation. All the patients were randomly divided into two groups:one-week irrigation group (10 cases) and two-week irrigation group(13 cases). The ESR, CRP, recovery time of knee skin temperature, joint rang of motion and knee function were observed to evaluate the therapeutic effects...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349957/-choices-of-the-internal-fixation-and-approaches-on-unstable-pelvic-ring-fractures
#14
Da-Wei Bi, Gang Zu, Lei Han, Yi-Min Chen, Hai-Tao Ma, Gang-Feng Hu, Yuan Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the suitable surgical approach and the internal fixation of unstable pelvic pelvic fractures. METHODS: From May 2010 to May 2015, 45 patients with unstable pelvic fractures were treated with different approaches and fixations, including 38 males and 7 females with an average age of 45 years ranging from 21 to 61 years. The course was within 2 weeks. According to Young-Burg classification, 23 patients were lateral compression injuries, 6 patients were vertical shearing injuries, 16 patients were anterior-posterior compression injuries...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349955/-clinical-application-of-percutaneous-iliosacral-screws-combined-with-pubic-ramus-screws-in-tile-b-pelvic-fracture
#15
Qi-Fei Xu, Kui-Ran Lin, Dai-Jie Zhao, Song-Qin Zhang, Sheng-Kai Feng, Chen Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application and effect of minimally invasive percutaneous anterior pelvic pubic ramus screw fixation in Tile B fractures. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on 56 patients with posterior pelvic ring injury combined with fractures of anterior pubic and ischiadic ramus treated between May 2010 and August 2015, including 31 males and 25 females with an average age of 36.8 years old ranging from 35 to 65 years old. Based on the Tile classification, there were 13 cases of Tile B1 type, 28 cases of Tile B2 type and 15 cases of Tile B3 type...
March 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349908/robotic-assisted-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-an-18-year-single-centre-experience
#16
Vincenzo Giambruno, Michael W Chu, Cristina Cucchietti, Douglas W Boyd, Bob Kiaii
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive robot-assisted direct coronary artery bypass (RADCAB) has emerged as a feasible minimally invasive surgical technique for revascularization that might offer several potential advantages over conventional approaches. We present our 18-year experience in RADCAB. METHODS: Between February 1998 and February 2016, 605 patients underwent RADCAB. Patients underwent post-procedural selective graft patency assessment using cardiac catheterization...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349544/interpretation-of-motion-analysis-of-laparoscopic-instruments-based-on-principal-component-analysis-in-box-trainer-settings
#17
Ignacio Oropesa, Fernando Pérez Escamirosa, Juan A Sánchez-Margallo, Silvia Enciso, Borja Rodríguez-Vila, Arturo Minor Martínez, Francisco M Sánchez-Margallo, Enrique J Gómez, Patricia Sánchez-González
BACKGROUND: Motion analysis parameters (MAPs) have been extensively validated for assessment of minimally invasive surgical skills. However, there are discrepancies on how specific MAPs, tasks, and skills match with each other, reflecting that motion analysis cannot be generalized independently of the learning outcomes of a task. Additionally, there is a lack of knowledge on the meaning of motion analysis in terms of surgical skills, making difficult the provision of meaningful, didactic feedback...
January 18, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349482/-esophageal-diverticula-excluding-cricopharyngeal-diverticula
#18
C A Gutschow, H Schmidt
Diverticula of the middle and lower third of the esophagus are commonly associated with esophageal motility disorders. The increase of intraluminal pressure leads to an outpouching of the mucosal and submucosal layers through the esophageal muscle coat. These pouches are also called false diverticula, because they only consist of the mucosal and submucosal esophageal layers. In contrast, the more rarely encountered true diverticula that retain the complete esophageal wall are generally associated with periesophageal granulomatous lymph node disease...
January 18, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349029/puncture-capsulotomy-during-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-preserving-anatomy-and-biomechanics
#19
William K Conaway, Scott D Martin
We describe an arthroscopic technique for the treatment of labral pathology and femoroacetabular impingement that provides excellent access to the central and peripheral compartments while preserving the biomechanically crucial components of hip joint stability. The hip capsule and the ligaments within it have been shown to be integral to hip biomechanical stability. Other popular techniques such as interportal and T-capsulotomy inherently damage the capsuloligamentous complex of the hip and can be associated with postoperative gross instability, micro-instability, heterotopic ossification, and seroma...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349024/the-crossing-internal-suture-augmentation-technique-to-protect-the-all-inside-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-graft
#20
Mohamed Aboalata, Ashraf Elazab, Abdelsamie Halawa, Moheib S Ahmed, Andreas B Imhoff, Yehia Bassiouny
The crossing internal suture augmentation technique is an all-inside technique of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with augmentation of the hamstring tendon autograft with a braided ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyester-polyethylene suture tape resting on the adjustable cortical buttons on both the femoral and tibial sides. The internal suture augmentation acts as a backbone supporting and protecting the graft until the process of healing and ligamentization of the graft is completed. The ends of the suture tape are tied on the tibial button and additionally fixed to the tibia with a knotless anchor as a backup fixation with the knee in full extension...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
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