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circulating miRNA

Aloma L D'Souza, John R Chevillet, Pejman Ghanouni, Xinrui Yan, Muneesh Tewari, Sanjiv S Gambhir
We have previously shown that low frequency ultrasound can release biomarkers from cells into the murine circulation enabling an amplification and localization of the released biomarker that could be used as a blood-based method to detect cancer earlier and monitor therapy. In this study, we further demonstrate that this technique could be used for characterization of tumors and/or identification of cellular masses of unknown origin due to the release of multiple protein and nucleic acid biomarkers in cells in culture, mice and patients...
2018: PloS One
Carlos Perez-Sánchez, Iván Arias-de la Rosa, María Ángeles Aguirre, María Luque-Tévar, Patricia Ruiz-Limón, Nuria Barbarroja, Yolanda Jiménez-Gómez, María Carmen Ábalos-Aguilera, Eduardo Collantes-Estévez, Pedro Segui, Francisco Velasco, María Teresa Herranz, Jesús Lozano-Herrero, María Julia Hernandez-Vidal, Constantino Martínez, Rocío González-Conejero, Massimo Radin, Savino Sciascia, Irene Cecchi, María José Cuadrado, Chary López-Pedrera
The present study aimed at identifying the plasma miRNA profile of antiphospholipid syndrome patients and to investigate the potential role of specific circulating miRNAs as non-invasive disease biomarkers. Ninety antiphospholipid syndrome patients and 42 healthy donors were recruited. Profiling of miRNAs by PCR-array in plasma of antiphospholipid syndrome patients allowed identifying a set of miRNAs differentially expressed and collectively involved in clinical features. Logistic Regression and ROC-curve analyses identified a signature of 10 miRNA ratios as biomarkers of disease...
March 15, 2018: Haematologica
Juliana Porretti, Guillermo N Dalton, Cintia Massillo, Georgina D Scalise, Paula L Farré, Randolph Elble, Esther N Gerez, Paula Accialini, Ana M Cabanillas, Kevin Gardner, Paola De Luca, Adriana De Siervi
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common cancer among men. Metabolic syndrome (MeS) is associated with increased PCa aggressiveness and recurrence. Previously, we proposed C-terminal binding protein 1 (CTBP1), a transcripcional co-repressor, as a molecular link between these two conditions. Notably, CTBP1 depletion decreased PCa growth in MeS mice. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms that explain the link between MeS and PCa mediated by CTBP1. We found that CTBP1 repressed Chloride Channel Accessory 2 (CLCA2) expression in prostate xenografts developed in MeS animals...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Tsung-Hsing Chen, Chieh Lee, Cheng-Tang Chiu, Yin-Yi Chu, Hao-Tsai Cheng, Jun-Te Hsu, Yung-Kuan Tsou, Ren-Chin Wu, Tse-Ching Chen, Nien-Chen Chang, Ta-Sen Yeh, Kwang-Huei Lin
MicroRNA-196a (miRNA-196a) is associated with the development of gastric cancer and metastasis. Intestinal metaplasia and low- or high-grade dysplasia are considered to be precursors of intestinal type gastric cancer. Accordingly, we investigated the expression of plasma miRNA-196a as an early detection biomarker in precancerous gastric lesions and early cancer (pT1a/b), which is otherwise treated with endoscopic submucosal dissection. Our data showed that levels of circulating (plasma) miRNA-196a were higher in patients with precancerous lesions/early gastric adenocarcinoma than in healthy controls...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Abdel-Rahman N Zekri, Enas Reda El-Sisi, Amira Salah El-Din Youssef, Mahmoud M Kamel, Auhood Nassar, Ola Sayed Ahmed, Mohamed El Kassas, Ahmed Barakat Barakat, Alaa Ismail Abd El-Motaleb, Abeer A Bahnassy
AIM: Molecular characterization of the CD133+ stem cells associated with hepatocarinogensis through identifying the expression patterns of specific microRNAs (miRNAs). METHODS: We investigated the expression pattern of 13 miRNAs in purified CD133+ cells separated from the peripheral blood of healthy volunteers, chronic hepatitis C (CHC), liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients a long with bone marrow samples from the healthy volunteers and the LC patients using custom miScript miRNA PCR array...
2018: PloS One
Masood Abu-Halima, Mustafa Kahraman, Dominic Henn, Tanja Rädle-Hurst, Andreas Keller, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq, Eckart Meese
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs regulating gene expression post-transcriptionally. While acquired changes of miRNA and mRNA profiles in cancer have been extensively studied, little is known about expression changes of circulating miRNAs and messenger RNAs (mRNA) in monogenic constitutional anomalies affecting several organ systems, like Marfan syndrome (MFS). We performed integrated miRNA and mRNA expression profiling in blood samples of Marfan patients in order to investigate deregulated miRNA and mRNA networks in these patients which could serve as potential diagnostic and prognostic tools for MFS therapy...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
J Vistbakka, M-L Sumelahti, T Lehtimäki, I Elovaara, S Hagman
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers that could be used in early diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS), segregation of disease subtypes, and discrimination of the aggressive disease course from the benign one are urgently needed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the specificity of circulating microRNAs: miR-191-5p, miR-128-3p, miR-24-3p, and miR-376c-3p in MS and evaluate their association with disease activity and disability progression. METHODS: The expressions of circulating miRNAs were studied in serum of 100 subjects (53 relapsing-remitting (RRMS), 20 primary progressive (PPMS), and 27 controls), using miScript serum miRNA RT-PCR assay techniques...
March 12, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Maxime Fontanilles, Alberto Duran-Peña, Ahmed Idbaih
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Personalized medicine is a challenge to improve survival and quality of life of patients suffering from primary malignant brain tumor. Molecular biology is integrated in initial diagnosis and relapse, and, in the nearest future, over treatment schedule and monitoring. Liquid biopsy is a minimally invasive way to obtain tumor material. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the past years, three fluids have been explored to provide tumor information in primary malignant brain tumor: blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and vitreous liquid...
March 9, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Dennis Poel, Tineke E Buffart, Jolanda Oosterling-Jansen, Henk Mw Verheul, Jens Voortman
Circulating microRNAs (ci-miRNAs) in blood have emerged as promising diagnostic, prognostic and predictive biomarkers in cancer. Many clinical studies currently incorporate studies that assess ci-miRNAs. Validation of the clinical significance of candidate biomarker miRNAs has proven to be difficult, potentially resulting from vast discrepancies in the detection methodology as well as biological variability. In the current study, the influence of several methodological factors on ci-miRNA detection was evaluated as well as short-term biological variability in patients with head and neck cancer...
March 9, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Karen Tan, Sai Mun Leong, Zizheng Kee, Patrick Vincent Caramat, James Teo, Michael Vito Martin Blanco, Evelyn S C Koay, Wai Kit Cheong, Thomas I-Peng Soh, Wei Peng Yong, Angela Shien-Ling Pang
We evaluated the changes in CTC count and CTC-associated miRNAs during the course of chemotherapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. Blood samples were collected from 9 metastatic colorectal cancer patients prior to chemotherapy and at every other chemotherapy session during the course of treatment. CTCs were isolated and enumerated using a size-exclusion method (CellSievo, Singapore). CTC-associated miRNAs were isolated using a paper-based, partitioning method, and analyzed using reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR (MiRXES, Singapore)...
March 5, 2018: Cancer Letters
Francesco Martelli, Jessica Mencarini, Arianna Rocca, Nunzia Della Malva, Dario Bartolozzi, Simone Giannecchini
Current evidence suggests that Polyomavirus (PyV) microRNAs (miRNAs) circulating in biological fluids may be relevant to understanding viral persistence. Here, the expression of polyomavirus BKPyV, JCPyV, MCPyV and SV40 miRNAs in saliva was investigated to evaluate PyV prevalence/persistence in the oral cavity. PyV-DNA status and PyV-miRNA expression was examined in paired saliva and plasma samples of 100 HIV-infected patients and of 50 healthy subjects using digital droplet PCR and PyV-miRNA-5p stem-loop RT-PCR...
March 5, 2018: Virus Research
Phimon Atsawasuwan, Paul Lazari, Yinghua Chen, Xiaofeng Zhou, Grace Viana, Carla A Evans
Secretory microRNAs (miRNAs) have been used increasingly as biomarkers for cancers, autoimmune diseases and inflammatory diseases. They are reported as being freely circulated or encapsulated in microvesicles such as exosomes. This study was performed to elucidate the presence of miRNAs with exosomes in human gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), and the expression profile of miRNA-29 during orthodontic tooth movement. Four healthy volunteer and fifteen orthodontic patients were enrolled in the study. Secretory miRNA in GCF was collected and analyzed using a bioanalyzer, realtime PCR and Western blot analysis...
2018: PloS One
Shannon Fallen, David Baxter, Xiaogang Wu, Taek-Kyun Kim, Oksana Shynlova, Min Young Lee, Kelsey Scherler, Stephen Lye, Leroy Hood, Kai Wang
Preterm birth (PTB) can lead to lifelong complications and challenges. Identifying and monitoring molecular signals in easily accessible biological samples that can diagnose or predict the risk of preterm labour (PTL) in pregnant women will reduce or prevent PTBs. A number of studies identified putative biomarkers for PTL including protein, miRNA and hormones from various body fluids. However, biomarkers identified from these studies usually lack consistency and reproducibility. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) in circulation have gained significant interest in recent years as these vesicles may be involved in cell-cell communication...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Yuko Murakami, Kiyonori Miura, Shuntaro Sato, Ai Higashijima, Yuri Hasegawa, Shoko Miura, Koh-Ichiro Yoshiura, Hideaki Masuzaki
AIM: The aim of this study was to establish the reference values for circulating pregnancy-associated placental microRNAs in maternal plasma and clarify their clinical significance in patients with hypertensive disorder of pregnancy (HDP). METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 145 women with uncomplicated pregnancies (24, 26, 31 and 32 women at 12, 23, 30 and 36 weeks of gestation, respectively, and 32 women 1 day after delivery). Plasma concentrations of pregnancy-associated placental microRNAs (miR-515-3p, miR-517a, miR-517c and miR-518b) were measured by quantitative real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
T Nonaka, D T W Wong
Head and neck cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide. It remains one of the leading causes of death, and its early detection is crucial. Liquid biopsy has emerged as a promising tool for detecting and monitoring the disease status of patients with early and advanced cancers. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), circulating tumor cells (CTCs), and exosomal miRNAs have received enormous attention because of their apparent clinical implications. Analyses of these circulating biomarkers have paved the way for novel therapeutic approaches and precision medicine...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Ana L Cardoso, Joana R Guedes
Analysis of miRNA expression in circulating immune cells, such as monocytes, using qRT-PCR arrays, allows the quantification of a wide range of miRNAs in easily accessible biosamples from Alzheimer's disease patients. This technique enables the identification of differentially expressed miRNAs and provides important clues for the discovery of new miRNA-based biomarkers. Here we describe how to isolate a specific lymphocyte population from human blood samples, CD14+ monocytes, and how to extract total RNA, containing short RNAs, from these cells, transcribe the RNA into cDNA and quantify a pre-set of specific miRNAs using customizable PCR plates of 96 or 384 wells...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Johannes Denk, Holger Jahn
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, highly conserved, and noncoding RNAs that modulate gene expression by regulating the activity and stability of target mRNAs. MiRNAs play significant roles by controlling fundamental cellular processes and its deregulation is associated with various diseases. Ubiquitous expression and its release into circulation make them interesting biomarkers, which can be measured by different platforms. In this book chapter, we provide a specific protocol that describes the detection of circulating miRNAs in CSF by using RT-qPCR...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Mauro Mozael Hirsch, Iohanna Deckmann, Mellanie Fontes-Dutra, Guilherme Bauer-Negrini, Gustavo Della-Flora Nunes, Walquiria Nunes, Bruna Rabelo, Rudimar Riesgo, Rogerio Margis, Victorio Bambini-Junior, Carmem Gottfried
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by difficulties in social interaction, communication and language, and restricted repertoire of activities and interests. The etiology of ASD remains unknown and no clinical markers for diagnosis were identified. Environmental factors, including prenatal exposure to valproic acid (VPA), may contribute to increased risk of developing ASD. MicroRNA (miRNA) are small noncoding RNA that regulate gene expression and are frequently linked to biological processes affected in neurodevelopmental disorders...
March 3, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Marta Seco-Cervera, Dayme González-Rodríguez, José Santiago Ibáñez-Cabellos, Lorena Peiró-Chova, Federico V Pallardó, José Luis García-Giménez
Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA; OMIM 229300), an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative mitochondrial disease, is the most prevalent hereditary ataxia. In addition, FRDA patients have shown additional non-neurological features such as scoliosis, diabetes, and cardiac complications. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is found in two thirds of patients at the time of diagnosis, is the primary cause of death in these patients. Here, we used small RNA-seq of microRNAs (miRNAs) purified from plasma samples of FRDA patients and controls...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Data
Riikka E Mäkitie, Matthias Hackl, Riitta Niinimäki, Sakari Kakko, Johannes Grillari, Outi Mäkitie
Context: WNT signaling is fundamental to bone health and its aberrant activation leads to skeletal pathologies. A heterozygous missense mutation p.C218G in WNT1, a key WNT pathway ligand, leads to severe early-onset and progressive osteoporosis with multiple peripheral and spinal fractures. Despite the severe skeletal manifestations, conventional bone turnover markers are normal in mutation-positive patients. Objective: This study sought to explore the circulating miRNA pattern in patients with impaired WNT signaling...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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