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Residual urine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940729/natural-history-of-post-void-residual-urine-volume-over-5-years-in-community-dwelling-older-men-the-concord-health-and-ageing-in-men-project
#1
Naomi Noguchi, Lewis Chan, Robert G Cumming, Fiona M Blyth, David J Handelsman, Louise M Waite, David G Le Couteur, Vasi Naganathan
AIMS: To describe the natural history of post-void residual urine volume (PVR) in community-dwelling older men. METHODS: The Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project involves a representative sample of community-dwelling men aged 70 and older in a defined geographic area of Sydney, Australia. PVR were measured at baseline and 2-year and 5-year follow-up. The measurements were considered valid when the voided volumes were 150 mL and over. Three-hundred twenty-nine men without conditions that are likely to alter PVR (neurological disorders, prostate cancer, and a history of urological treatment) were included in the analyses...
September 20, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933414/association-between-low-serum-bicarbonate-concentrations-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-in-the-end-stage-of-renal-disease
#2
Vaia D Raikou, Despina Kyriaki
BACKGROUND: Metabolic acidosis, a common condition particularly in the end-stage of renal disease patients, results in malnutrition, inflammation and oxidative stress. In this study, we focused on the association between low serum bicarbonate and cardiovascular disease in patients on intermittent dialysis. METHODS: We studied 52 on-line-pre-dilution hemodiafiltration (on-l HDF) patients, 32 males and 20 females, with a mean age of 58.01 ± 15.4 years old. Metabolic acidosis was determined by serum bicarbonate concentrations less than 22 mmol/L...
November 15, 2016: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930838/clinical-efficacy-of-intravesical-electrical-stimulation-on-detrusor-underactivity-8-years-of-experience-from-a-single-center
#3
Han Deng, Limin Liao, Juan Wu, Guoqing Chen, Xing Li, Zhaoxia Wang, Li Wan
The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the effectiveness of intravesical electrical stimulation (IVES) on detrusor underactivity (DU).From 2009 to 2016, a total of 105 patients with symptoms of DU who were treated with IVES were included in this retrospective study. The medical records, physical examination findings, urine culture results, and video-urodynamic studies were reviewed. Changes in post-void residual urine (PVR) and voiding efficiency (VE) were included for evaluation of efficacy...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930298/comparison-of-questionnaire-based-estimation-of-pesticide-residue-intake-from-fruits-and-vegetables-with-urinary-concentrations-of-pesticide-biomarkers
#4
Yu-Han Chiu, Paige L Williams, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Matthew Gillman, Qi Sun, Maria Ospina, Antonia M Calafat, Russ Hauser, Jorge E Chavarro
We developed a pesticide residue burden score (PRBS) based on a food frequency questionnaire and surveillance data on food pesticide residues to characterize dietary exposure over the past year. In the present study, we evaluated the association of the PRBS with urinary concentrations of pesticide biomarkers. Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake was classified as having high (PRBS≥4) or low (PRBS<4) pesticide residues for 90 men from the EARTH study. Two urine samples per man were analyzed for seven biomarkers of organophosphate and pyrethroid insecticides, and the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929299/the-t-plasty-as-therapy-for-recurrent-bladder-neck-stenosis-success-rate-functional-outcome-and-patient-satisfaction
#5
Clemens M Rosenbaum, Roland Dahlem, Valentin Maurer, Luis A Kluth, Malte W Vetterlein, Margit Fisch, Victor Schuettfort, C Philip Reiss
PURPOSE: To determine success rate (SR), functional outcome, and patient satisfaction of a modified YV-plasty for reconstruction of the bladder neck in case of recurrent bladder neck stenosis (BNS) after transurethral surgery of the prostate: the T-plasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified all patients who underwent T-plasty at our center between December 2008 and July 2016. Patients' charts were reviewed. Patients were queried by telephone and by mail at time of follow-up (FU)...
September 19, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928335/sexual-and-urinary-dysfunction-following-laparoscopic-total-mesorectal-excision-in-male-patients-a-prospective-study
#6
Deepak George, Kaniyarakkal Pramil, Naduthottam P Kamalesh, Shaji Ponnambatheyil, Prakash Kurumboor
AIMS: Even with the use of nerve-sparing techniques, there is a risk of bladder and sexual dysfunction after total mesorectal excision (TME). Laparoscopic TME is believed to improve this autonomic nerve dysfunction, but this is not demonstrated conclusively in the literature. In Indian patients generally, the stage at which the patients present is late and presumably the risk of autonomic nerve injury is more; however, there is no published data in this respect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study in male patients who underwent laparoscopic TME evaluated the bladder and sexual dysfunction using objective standardised scores, measuring residual urine and post-voided volume...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919825/abdominal-sacrocolpopexy-with-pelvicol-xenograft-and-concomitant-burch-colposuspension
#7
Sameh Hijazi, Dieter Echtle, Omar M Aboumarzouk, Elmar Heinrich
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of Pelvicol xenograft use during abdominal sacrocolpopexy to repair pelvic organ prolapse (POP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 27 consecutive women with symptomatic POP were included in this study. A POP-quantification system and International Continence Society classification were used. Functional and anatomical outcomes were assessed. Subjective outcomes and physical activity after surgery were evaluated due to modified quality of life questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914701/elevated-postvoid-residual-urine-volume-identifying-risk-factors-and-predicting-resolution-in-women-with-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#8
Amanda Ulrich, Patricia Davis, Paul Tulikangas, David M OʼSullivan, Katie Propst
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify risk factors for elevated preoperative postvoid residual (PVR) and persistently elevated postoperative PVR and to evaluate the resolution rate of elevated PVR urine volume in patients undergoing reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study comparing 50 women with elevated preoperative PVR (≥100 mL) and 50 women with normal PVR (<100 mL). Preoperative demographic, physical examination, urodynamic data, type of surgery performed, and postoperative trial of void data were collected...
September 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902866/5-year-long-term-efficacy-of-120-w-greenlight-photoselective-vaporization-of-the-prostate-for-benign-prostate-hyperplasia
#9
Juhyun Park, Sung Yong Cho, Min Chul Cho, Hyeon Jeong, Hwancheol Son
PURPOSE: To investigate 5-year long-term postoperative efficacy in benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) following 120-W GreenLight high-performance system photoselective vaporization of the prostate (HPS-PVP). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of surgical outcomes in 159 men who underwent HPS-PVP and were followed over 60 months postoperatively. Definitions of treatment success were established based on the following three variables: international prostate symptom scores (IPSS), maximum flow rates (Qmax), and quality of life scores QoL)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899425/the-physiological-determinants-of-low-level-urine-cadmium-an-assessment-in-a-cross-sectional-study-among-schoolchildren
#10
Hongyu Wang, Xavier Dumont, Vincent Haufroid, Alfred Bernard
BACKGROUND: Recent studies in children have reported associations of urinary cadmium (U-Cd), used as biomarker of Cd body burden, with renal dysfunction, retarded growth and impaired cognitive development in children. Little is known, however, about factors influencing U-Cd in children and likely to act as confounders. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study involving 249 schoolchildren (mean age, 5.72 years; 138 boys), we measured the urine concentrations of cadmium, zinc, lead, albumin, alpha1-microglobulin (A1M), retinol-binding protein, β2-microglobulin and club cell protein (CC16)...
September 12, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889029/veterinary-antibiotics-in-food-drinking-water-and-the-urine-of-preschool-children-in-hong-kong
#11
Na Li, Keith W K Ho, Guang-Guo Ying, Wen-Jing Deng
Due to the harmful effects of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) residues in food on children's health, urine samples from 31 preschool and primary school children were analyzed for 13 common VAs. Samples of raw and cooked pork, chicken, fish, milk and drinking water from the children's living areas were also analyzed for residual VAs. Urinalysis revealed one to four target antibiotics in 77.4% of the sample group, with concentrations as high as 0.36ng/mL. Norfloxacin and penicillin had the highest detection rates (48...
September 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882029/clinical-observation-of-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-for-treating-patients-receiving-peritoneal-dialysis
#12
Hong-Ying Jiang, Jia-Ping Wang, Yi-Hua Bai, Min Yang, Yi Zeng, Yun-Juan Liao, Zhen-Kun He
BACKGROUND: This study aims to observe the outcome and safety of umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) treatment for continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. METHODS: A total of 24 CAPD patients, who underwent UC-MSC treatment from June 2011 to December 2012, were selected for this study. These patients were followed-up until June 2015. RESULTS: Results revealed a significant increase in HB, EPO and ALB levels, a decrease in CRP levels, and marked improvement in cystatin C and urine volume within three months after UC-MSC transplantation; and the difference was statistically significant (P<0...
September 7, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878453/pulsed-electromagnetic-field-with-or-without-exercise-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#13
Hany M Elgohary, Sayed A Tantawy
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of pulsed electromagnetic field with or without exercise therapy in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty male patients aged 55-65 years with benign prostatic hyperplasia were invited to participate in this study. Patients were randomly assigned to Group A (n=20; patients who received pulsed electromagnetic field in addition to pelvic floor and aerobic exercises), Group B (n=20; patients who received pulsed electromagnetic field), and Group C (n=20; patients who received placebo electromagnetic field)...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868818/evaluation-of-impact-of-voiding-posture-on-uroflowmetry-parameters-in-men
#14
Apul Goel, Gautam Kanodia, Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Kawaljit Singh, Monica Agrawal, Satyanarayan Sankhwar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of voiding position on uroflowmetry parameters and to assess its potential clinical implications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study from 2013 to 2015 and included men between 18 and 77 years old who were either healthy volunteers with an International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≤7 or men with benign prostate enlargement that were on alpha-blocker medication and had an IPSS <10. Participants underwent uroflowmetry and post-void residual urine (PVRU) measurements twice, once in a sitting position and once in a standing position...
August 2017: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868508/can-men-with-prostates-sized-80-ml-or-larger-be-managed-conservatively
#15
Alvin Lee, Han Jie Lee, Keong Tatt Foo
PURPOSE: To analyze the long-term clinical outcomes of men with large prostate sizes of 80 mL and greater who were managed conservatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed men with prostate sizes of 80 mL and greater from our electronic hospital database. Clinical parameters such as age, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QoL) scoring, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), uroflowmetry variables, and transabdominal ultrasound findings were evaluated...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861405/procedural-techniques-and-multicenter-postmarket-experience-using-minimally-invasive-convective-radiofrequency-thermal-therapy-with-rez%C3%A5-m-system-for-treatment-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-due-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#16
Micheal F Darson, Erik E Alexander, Zvi J Schiffman, Michael Lewitton, Robert A Light, Mark A Sutton, Carlos Delgado-Rodriguez, Ricardo R Gonzalez
OBJECTIVE: This report evaluates clinical experience with the Rezūm system after US Food and Drug Administration clearance in consecutive cases accrued by multiple community urologists for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Treatment techniques for transurethral convective radiofrequency water-vapor thermal therapy and outcomes with up to 12 months' follow-up are presented. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 131 patients with moderate-severe LUTS were included in a retrospective analysis of BPH procedures with the Rezūm system...
2017: Research and Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835586/effects-of-additive-tolvaptan-vs-increased-furosemide-on-heart-failure-with-diuretic-resistance-and-renal-impairment%C3%A3-results-from-the-k-star-study
#17
Takayuki Inomata, Yuki Ikeda, Keisuke Kida, Yugo Shibagaki, Naoki Sato, Yuji Kumagai, Hisahito Shinagawa, Junya Ako, Tohru Izumi
BACKGROUND: Although diuretic resistance leading to residual congestion is a known predictor of a poorer heart failure (HF) prognosis, better therapeutic strategies for effective and safe decongestion have not been established.Methods and Results:In this study, 81 HF patients with fluid retention (despite taking ≥40 mg/day furosemide (FUR)), with an estimated glomerular filtration rate <45 mL/min/1.73 m(2), were randomized into 2 groups and administered either ≤15 mg/day additive tolvaptan (TLV) or ≤40 mg/day increased FUR for 7 days...
August 22, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830281/administration-of-daily-5%C3%A2-mg-tadalafil-improves-endothelial-function-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#18
Toshiyasu Amano, Carolyn Earle, Tetsuya Imao, Yuki Matsumoto, Takahiro Kishikage
INTRODUCTION: Tadalafil is a promising phosphodiesterase (PDE) 5 inhibitor prescribed for erectile dysfunction (ED). Daily low dose (5 mg) of tadalafil has also been used for the treatment of male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). PDE5 inhibitors induce relaxation of smooth muscle cells in the urethra, prostate, bladder neck, and blood vessels. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of tadalafil on vessels endothelial function, in patients with male LUTS symptoms associated with BPH...
August 22, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828529/clinical-management-of-nocturnal-enuresis
#19
Eberhard Kuwertz-Bröking, Alexander von Gontard
Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is a common health problem. Approximately 10% of 7-year-old children wet the bed regularly during sleep. Enuresis can be categorized into monosymptomatic (MEN) and nonmonosymptomatic (NMEN) forms. MEN occurs without any other symptoms of bladder dysfunction. NMEN is associated with dysfunction of the lower urinary tract with or without daytime incontinence. The rate of comorbid gastrointestinal, behavioral, and emotional disorders is elevated depending upon the subtype of NE. A careful clinical history is fundamental to the evaluation of enuresis...
August 21, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826330/health-beliefs-related-to-salt-restricted-diet-and-associated-factors-in-turkish-patients-on-hemodialysis
#20
Belgüzar Kara
PURPOSE: To examine health beliefs related to salt-restricted diet, to investigate their associations with demographic/disease-related characteristics and family support, and to determine the need for tailored interventions in Turkish patients on hemodialysis. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 patients on hemodialysis. Data were collected through an information form, the Perceived Social Support from Family Scale and the Beliefs about Dietary Compliance Scale, including two subscales: perceived benefits and barriers...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
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