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"ssti" OR "cutaneous abscess" OR "skin abscess"

Phillip J Summers, Isabelle A Struve, Michael S Wilkes, Vaughan W Rees
BACKGROUND: Injection-site vein loss and skin abscesses impose significant morbidity on people who inject drugs (PWID). The two common forms of street heroin available in the USA include black tar and powder heroin. Little research has investigated these different forms of heroin and their potential implications for health outcomes. METHODS: A multiple-choice survey was administered to a sample of 145 participants seeking services at reduction facilities in both Sacramento, CA and greater Boston, MA, USA...
October 18, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
V R Badhwar, S Ganapathy, P P Prabhudesai, N K Tulara, A Y Varaiya, D Vyas
In community and family practice, infections are a common OPD presentation. In the management of common bacterial infections seen in community especially RTI, UTI, SSTI; cefuroxime a second generation cephalosporin with a broad spectrum of activity can be used for empirical treatment. To know current place of cefuroxime in the management of infections, physicians, surgeons, microbiologist, chest physician, gynecologist and pediatrician came together to discuss and debate their experience with cefuroxime and its place in today's world...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Jatinder Singh, Ryan C Johnson, Carey D Schlett, Emad M Elassal, Katrina B Crawford, Deepika Mor, Jeffrey B Lanier, Natasha N Law, William A Walters, Nimfa Teneza-Mora, Jason W Bennett, Eric R Hall, Eugene V Millar, Michael W Ellis, D Scott Merrell
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are common in the general population, with increased prevalence among military trainees. Previous research has revealed numerous nasal microbial signatures that correlate with SSTI development and Staphylococcus aureus colonization. Thus, we hypothesized that the ecology of the inguinal, oropharynx, and perianal regions may also be altered in response to SSTI and/or S. aureus colonization. We collected body site samples from 46 military trainees with purulent abscess (SSTI group) as well as from 66 asymptomatic controls (non-SSTI group)...
September 2016: MSphere
Reuben Olaniyi, Clarissa Pozzi, Luca Grimaldi, Fabio Bagnoli
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are among the most common infections worldwide. They range in severity from minor, self-limiting, superficial infections to life-threatening diseases requiring all the resources of modern medicine. Community (CA) and healthcare (HA) acquired SSTIs are most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus . They have variable presentations ranging from impetigo and folliculitis to surgical site infections (SSIs). Superficial SSTIs may lead to even more invasive infections such as bacteraemia and osteomyelitis...
October 16, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
S Marques, R Carmo, I Ferreira, M Bustorff, S Sampaio, M Pestana
BACKGROUND: In solid organ transplant patients, 8% of invasive fungal infections are attributed to Cryptococcus. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, risk factors, clinical characteristics, and outcome of kidney transplant recipients (TR) infected with Cryptococcus. CASE SERIES: Between 2007 and 2014, a total of 500 kidney transplantations were performed at São João Hospital, in Porto, Portugal. Six infections by C. neoformans were reported, an incidence of 1...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Hosni Hasan, Keith Davids, Jia Yi Chow, Graham Kerr
This study investigated effects of wearing compression garments and textured insoles on modes of movement organisation emerging during performance of lower limb interceptive actions in association football. Participants were six skilled (age = 15.67 ± 0.74 years) and six less-skilled (age = 15.17 ± 1.1 years) football players. All participants performed 20 instep kicks with maximum velocity in four randomly organised insoles and socks conditions, (a) Smooth Socks with Smooth Insoles (SSSI); (b) Smooth Socks with Textured Insoles (SSTI); (c) Compression Socks with Smooth Insoles (CSSI); and (d), Compression Socks with Textured Insoles (CSTI)...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Luis A Estrella, Javier Quinones, Matthew Henry, Ryan M Hannah, Robert K Pope, Theron Hamilton, Nimfa Teneza-Mora, Eric Hall, Biswas Biswajit
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) caused by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are difficult to treat. Bacteriophage (phage) represent a potential alternate treatment for antibiotic resistant bacterial infections. In this study, 7 novel phage with broad lytic activity for S. aureus were isolated and identified. Screening of a diverse collection of 170 clinical isolates by efficiency of plating (EOP) assays shows that the novel phage are virulent and effectively prevent growth of 70-91% of MRSA and methicillin sensitive S...
July 2016: Bacteriophage
Anne Spichler Moffarah, Mayar Al Mohajer, Bonnie L Hurwitz, David G Armstrong
The skin is colonized by a diverse collection of microorganisms which, for the most part, peacefully coexist with their hosts. Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) encompass a variety of conditions; in immunocompromised hosts, SSTIs can be caused by diverse microorganisms-most commonly bacteria, but also fungi, viruses, mycobacteria, and protozoa. The diagnosis of SSTIs is difficult because they may commonly masquerade as other clinical syndromes or can be a manifestation of systemic disease. In immunocompromised hosts, SSTI poses a major diagnostic challenge, and clinical dermatological assessment should be initially performed; to better identify the pathogen and to lead to appropriate treatment, etiology should include cultures of lesions and blood, biopsy with histology, specific microbiological analysis with special stains, molecular techniques, and antigen-detection methodologies...
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
Jason P Burnham, John P Kirby, Marin H Kollef
PURPOSE: To review the salient features of the diagnosis and management of the most common skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI). This review focuses on severe SSTIs that require care in an intensive care unit (ICU), including toxic shock syndrome, myonecrosis/gas gangrene, and necrotizing fasciitis. METHODS: Guidelines, expert opinion, and local institutional policies were reviewed. RESULTS: Severe SSTIs are common and their management complex due to regional variation in predominant pathogens and antimicrobial resistance patterns, as well as variations in host immune responses...
October 3, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
E Berla-Kerzhner, A Biber, M Parizade, D Taran, G Rahav, G Regev-Yochay, D Glikman
Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections are increasingly documented worldwide. We recently identified two major CA-MRSA clones in Israel: USA300 and t991. Here, we assessed clinical outcomes by CA-MRSA clones and the physicians' treatment approach to CA-MRSA infections. All community-onset, clinical MRSA isolates detected during 2011-2013 by Maccabi Healthcare Services were collected and characterized phenotypically and genotypically; data were collected retrospectively from electronic medical records...
September 27, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Sarah C Mansour, Daniel Pletzer, César de la Fuente-Núñez, Paul Kim, Gordon Y C Cheung, Hwang-Soo Joo, Michael Otto, Robert E W Hancock
Cutaneous abscess infections are difficult to treat with current therapies and alternatives to conventional antibiotics are needed. Understanding the regulatory mechanisms that govern abscess pathology should reveal therapeutic interventions for these recalcitrant infections. Here we demonstrated that the stringent stress response employed by bacteria to cope and adapt to environmental stressors was essential for the formation of lesions, but not bacterial growth, in a methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cutaneous abscess mouse model...
September 17, 2016: EBioMedicine
Nara Vasconcelos Cavalcanti, Leuridan Cavalcante Torres, Marina Cadena da Matta, Carolina Duarte Lindoso, Luana Nobre de Abreu Carvalho, Maria do Carmo Menezes Bezerra Duarte, Jailson Barros Correia
Chemokines are chemotactic cytokines that are mainly involved in the migratory patterns of immune cells. Few studies have evaluated levels of chemokines in children with acute bacterial infections. The aim of the present study was to evaluate serum levels of chemokines MCP-1, RANTES, MIG and IP-10 in children with sepsis, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and skin abscess. Serum levels of MCP-1, RANTES, MIG and IP-10 were measured in 37 children with sepsis, 27 children with CAP, 25 children with skin abscess and 20 controls with no signs of infection...
September 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Sebastian Fuchs, Petra Kaiser-Labusch, Julia Bank, Sandra Ammann, Anja Kolb-Kokocinski, Christine Edelbusch, Heymut Omran, Stephan Ehl
Tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2) associates with interferon (IFN) alpha receptor, IL-10 receptor (IL-10R) beta and other cytokine receptor subunits for signal transduction, in response to various cytokines, including type-I and type-III IFNs, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 and IL-23. Data on TYK2 dependence on cytokine responses and in vivo consequences of TYK2 deficiency are inconsistent. We investigated a TYK2 deficient patient, presenting with eczema, skin abscesses, respiratory infections and IgE levels >1000 U/mL, without viral or mycobacterial infections and a corresponding cellular model to analyze the role of TYK2 in type-III IFN mediated responses and NK-cell function...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Immunology
Michael Gottlieb
: Clinical question In patients with uncomplicated abscesses receiving incision and drainage, does the addition of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole result in improved clinical resolution at 7 to 14 days after treatment when compared with placebo? Article chosen Talan DA, Mower WR, Krishnadasan A, et al. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole versus placebo for uncomplicated skin abscess. N Engl J Med 2016;374(9):823-32. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to compare the clinical cure rates at 7 to 14 days after the end of the treatment period among patients receiving either trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) or placebo...
September 9, 2016: CJEM
Shuguang Li, Yu Guo, Chunjiang Zhao, Hongbin Chen, Bijie Hu, Yunzhuo Chu, Zhijie Zhang, Yunjian Hu, Zhiyong Liu, Yan Du, Qiaodi Gui, Ping Ji, Ji Zeng, Bin Cao, Quan Fu, Rong Zhang, Zhongxin Wang, Chao Zhuo, Xianju Feng, Wei Jia, Yan Jin, Xuesong Xu, Kang Liao, Yuxing Ni, Yunsong Yu, Xiuli Xu, Zhidong Hu, Jin-E Lei, Qing Yang, Hui Wang
To evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activities of tedizolid, linezolid and other comparators against clinically significant Gram-positive cocci isolates from hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) and bloodstream infection (BSI), 2140 non-duplicate isolates (23.7% isolated from HAP, 46.8% from SSTI and 29.5% from BSI) were consecutively collected in 26 hospitals in 17 cities across China during 2014. These pathogens included 632 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), 867 methicillin-sensitive S...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
John H Powers, Anita F Das, Carisa De Anda, Philippe Prokocimer
OBJECTIVES: Outcome assessments as clinical trial endpoints should be well-defined, reliable, and reflect meaningful treatment benefits. For acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) trials, recent recommendations suggest a primary endpoint of reduction in skin lesion area. Objectives were: evaluate ABSSSI lesion area measurement reliability, evaluate impact of various lesion area definitions on treatment effect size, and explore relationships between lesion area and pain...
September 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
P W M C S B Wijekoon, K A S Bandara, A Kailainathan, N S Chandrasiri, C T Hapuarachchi
BACKGROUND: Melioidosis caused by Burkholderia pseudomellei is an infection with protean clinical manifestations. Guillain-Barré syndrome [GBS] associated with melioidosis is very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old woman with diabetes presented with abdominal pain, vomiting and intermittent fever for one month. Six months before presentation she had recurrent skin abscesses. Three months before presentation she had multiple liver abscesses which were aspirated in a local hospital...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Norihiro Yogo, Gregory Gahm, Bryan C Knepper, William J Burman, Philip S Mehler, Timothy C Jenkins
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology and management of skin infections in nursing homes has not been adequately described. We reviewed the characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of skin infections among residents of nursing homes to identify opportunities to improve antibiotic use. METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving 12 nursing homes in the Denver metropolitan area. For residents at participating nursing homes diagnosed with a skin infection between July 1, 2013 and June 30, 2014, clinical and demographic information was collected through manual chart review...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
G C Lee, R G Hall, N K Boyd, S D Dallas, L C DU, L B Treviño, C Retzloff, S B Treviño, K A Lawson, J P Wilson, R J Olsen, Y Wang, C R Frei
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) due to Staphylococcus aureus have become increasingly common in the outpatient setting; however, risk factors for differentiating methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) SSTIs are needed to better inform antibiotic treatment decisions. We performed a case-case-control study within 14 primary-care clinics in South Texas from 2007 to 2015. Overall, 325 patients [S. aureus SSTI cases (case group 1, n = 175); MRSA SSTI cases (case group 2, n = 115); MSSA SSTI cases (case group 3, n = 60); uninfected control group (control, n = 150)] were evaluated...
November 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Julio C Alcántara-Montiel, Tamara Staines-Boone, Gabriela López-Herrera, Laura Berrón-Ruiz, Carlos R Borrego-Montoya, Leopoldo Santos-Argumedo
Hyper IgE syndrome (HIES) is characterized by recurrent skin abscesses, eczema, pneumonia, and high levels of serum IgE. Nonimmunologic manifestations of HIES include a characteristic face, pathologic dentition, scoliosis, bone alterations, hyperextensible joints, and vascular abnormalities. Somatic mosaicism is defined by the presence of two or more populations of cells with different genotypes in one individual. In this report, we describe one patient with classical HIES and another patient with a mild phenotype, both harboring the same genetic mutation...
October 2016: European Journal of Immunology
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