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"ssti" OR "cutaneous abscess" OR "cutaneous abscesses"

V R Badhwar, S Ganapathy, P P Prabhudesai, N K Tulara, A Y Varaiya, D Vyas
In community and family practice, infections are a common OPD presentation. In the management of common bacterial infections seen in community especially RTI, UTI, SSTI; cefuroxime a second generation cephalosporin with a broad spectrum of activity can be used for empirical treatment. To know current place of cefuroxime in the management of infections, physicians, surgeons, microbiologist, chest physician, gynecologist and pediatrician came together to discuss and debate their experience with cefuroxime and its place in today's world...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Jatinder Singh, Ryan C Johnson, Carey D Schlett, Emad M Elassal, Katrina B Crawford, Deepika Mor, Jeffrey B Lanier, Natasha N Law, William A Walters, Nimfa Teneza-Mora, Jason W Bennett, Eric R Hall, Eugene V Millar, Michael W Ellis, D Scott Merrell
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are common in the general population, with increased prevalence among military trainees. Previous research has revealed numerous nasal microbial signatures that correlate with SSTI development and Staphylococcus aureus colonization. Thus, we hypothesized that the ecology of the inguinal, oropharynx, and perianal regions may also be altered in response to SSTI and/or S. aureus colonization. We collected body site samples from 46 military trainees with purulent abscess (SSTI group) as well as from 66 asymptomatic controls (non-SSTI group)...
September 2016: MSphere
Reuben Olaniyi, Clarissa Pozzi, Luca Grimaldi, Fabio Bagnoli
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are among the most common infections worldwide. They range in severity from minor, self-limiting, superficial infections to life-threatening diseases requiring all the resources of modern medicine. Community (CA) and healthcare (HA) acquired SSTIs are most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus . They have variable presentations ranging from impetigo and folliculitis to surgical site infections (SSIs). Superficial SSTIs may lead to even more invasive infections such as bacteraemia and osteomyelitis...
October 16, 2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Hosni Hasan, Keith Davids, Jia Yi Chow, Graham Kerr
This study investigated effects of wearing compression garments and textured insoles on modes of movement organisation emerging during performance of lower limb interceptive actions in association football. Participants were six skilled (age = 15.67 ± 0.74 years) and six less-skilled (age = 15.17 ± 1.1 years) football players. All participants performed 20 instep kicks with maximum velocity in four randomly organised insoles and socks conditions, (a) Smooth Socks with Smooth Insoles (SSSI); (b) Smooth Socks with Textured Insoles (SSTI); (c) Compression Socks with Smooth Insoles (CSSI); and (d), Compression Socks with Textured Insoles (CSTI)...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Luis A Estrella, Javier Quinones, Matthew Henry, Ryan M Hannah, Robert K Pope, Theron Hamilton, Nimfa Teneza-Mora, Eric Hall, Biswas Biswajit
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) caused by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are difficult to treat. Bacteriophage (phage) represent a potential alternate treatment for antibiotic resistant bacterial infections. In this study, 7 novel phage with broad lytic activity for S. aureus were isolated and identified. Screening of a diverse collection of 170 clinical isolates by efficiency of plating (EOP) assays shows that the novel phage are virulent and effectively prevent growth of 70-91% of MRSA and methicillin sensitive S...
July 2016: Bacteriophage
Anne Spichler Moffarah, Mayar Al Mohajer, Bonnie L Hurwitz, David G Armstrong
The skin is colonized by a diverse collection of microorganisms which, for the most part, peacefully coexist with their hosts. Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) encompass a variety of conditions; in immunocompromised hosts, SSTIs can be caused by diverse microorganisms-most commonly bacteria, but also fungi, viruses, mycobacteria, and protozoa. The diagnosis of SSTIs is difficult because they may commonly masquerade as other clinical syndromes or can be a manifestation of systemic disease. In immunocompromised hosts, SSTI poses a major diagnostic challenge, and clinical dermatological assessment should be initially performed; to better identify the pathogen and to lead to appropriate treatment, etiology should include cultures of lesions and blood, biopsy with histology, specific microbiological analysis with special stains, molecular techniques, and antigen-detection methodologies...
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
Jason P Burnham, John P Kirby, Marin H Kollef
PURPOSE: To review the salient features of the diagnosis and management of the most common skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI). This review focuses on severe SSTIs that require care in an intensive care unit (ICU), including toxic shock syndrome, myonecrosis/gas gangrene, and necrotizing fasciitis. METHODS: Guidelines, expert opinion, and local institutional policies were reviewed. RESULTS: Severe SSTIs are common and their management complex due to regional variation in predominant pathogens and antimicrobial resistance patterns, as well as variations in host immune responses...
October 3, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
E Berla-Kerzhner, A Biber, M Parizade, D Taran, G Rahav, G Regev-Yochay, D Glikman
Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections are increasingly documented worldwide. We recently identified two major CA-MRSA clones in Israel: USA300 and t991. Here, we assessed clinical outcomes by CA-MRSA clones and the physicians' treatment approach to CA-MRSA infections. All community-onset, clinical MRSA isolates detected during 2011-2013 by Maccabi Healthcare Services were collected and characterized phenotypically and genotypically; data were collected retrospectively from electronic medical records...
September 27, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Sarah C Mansour, Daniel Pletzer, César de la Fuente-Núñez, Paul Kim, Gordon Y C Cheung, Hwang-Soo Joo, Michael Otto, Robert E W Hancock
Cutaneous abscess infections are difficult to treat with current therapies and alternatives to conventional antibiotics are needed. Understanding the regulatory mechanisms that govern abscess pathology should reveal therapeutic interventions for these recalcitrant infections. Here we demonstrated that the stringent stress response employed by bacteria to cope and adapt to environmental stressors was essential for the formation of lesions, but not bacterial growth, in a methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) cutaneous abscess mouse model...
September 17, 2016: EBioMedicine
Shuguang Li, Yu Guo, Chunjiang Zhao, Hongbin Chen, Bijie Hu, Yunzhuo Chu, Zhijie Zhang, Yunjian Hu, Zhiyong Liu, Yan Du, Qiaodi Gui, Ping Ji, Ji Zeng, Bin Cao, Quan Fu, Rong Zhang, Zhongxin Wang, Chao Zhuo, Xianju Feng, Wei Jia, Yan Jin, Xuesong Xu, Kang Liao, Yuxing Ni, Yunsong Yu, Xiuli Xu, Zhidong Hu, Jin-E Lei, Qing Yang, Hui Wang
To evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activities of tedizolid, linezolid and other comparators against clinically significant Gram-positive cocci isolates from hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) and bloodstream infection (BSI), 2140 non-duplicate isolates (23.7% isolated from HAP, 46.8% from SSTI and 29.5% from BSI) were consecutively collected in 26 hospitals in 17 cities across China during 2014. These pathogens included 632 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), 867 methicillin-sensitive S...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Norihiro Yogo, Gregory Gahm, Bryan C Knepper, William J Burman, Philip S Mehler, Timothy C Jenkins
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology and management of skin infections in nursing homes has not been adequately described. We reviewed the characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of skin infections among residents of nursing homes to identify opportunities to improve antibiotic use. METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving 12 nursing homes in the Denver metropolitan area. For residents at participating nursing homes diagnosed with a skin infection between July 1, 2013 and June 30, 2014, clinical and demographic information was collected through manual chart review...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
G C Lee, R G Hall, N K Boyd, S D Dallas, L C DU, L B Treviño, C Retzloff, S B Treviño, K A Lawson, J P Wilson, R J Olsen, Y Wang, C R Frei
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) due to Staphylococcus aureus have become increasingly common in the outpatient setting; however, risk factors for differentiating methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) SSTIs are needed to better inform antibiotic treatment decisions. We performed a case-case-control study within 14 primary-care clinics in South Texas from 2007 to 2015. Overall, 325 patients [S. aureus SSTI cases (case group 1, n = 175); MRSA SSTI cases (case group 2, n = 115); MSSA SSTI cases (case group 3, n = 60); uninfected control group (control, n = 150)] were evaluated...
November 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Fernando Hernández-León, Jorge Acosta-Dibarrat, Juan Carlos Vázquez-Chagoyán, Pomposo Fernandez Rosas, Roberto Montes de Oca-Jiménez
BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium xerosis is a commensal organism found in skin and mucous membranes of humans. It is considered an unusual pathogen, and it is rarely found in human and animal clinical samples. Here we describe the isolation of C. xerosis from a 4-months-old Pelifolk lamb located in Tesistán, central western Mexico. This microorganism should be considered for differential diagnosis in cutaneous abscessed lesions in sheep, as it represents a zoonotic risk factor for human infection in sheep farms...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Maria-Luisa Alegre, Luqiu Chen, Michael Z David, Caroline Bartman, Susan Boyle-Vavra, Neha Kumar, Anita S Chong, Robert S Daum
Staphylococcus aureus is both a commensal and a pathogen, and USA300, a strain that is usually methicillin-resistant but can sometimes be methicillin-susceptible, has been causing skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) in epidemic proportions among otherwise healthy individuals. Although many people are colonized with S. aureus strains, including some with USA300, few of these colonized individuals develop SSTIs. This prompts the hypothesis that infections may develop in individuals with somewhat reduced innate and/or adaptive immune responses to S...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Hirofumi Kato, Shugo Sasaki, Noritaka Sekiya
Primary extraintestinal complications caused by Yersinia enterocolitica are extremely rare, especially in the form of skin and soft-tissue manifestations, and little is known about their clinical characteristics and treatments. We presented our case and reviewed past cases of primary skin and soft-tissue infections caused by Y enterocolitica. We report a case of primary cellulitis and cutaneous abscess caused by Y enterocolitica in an immunocompetent 70-year-old woman with keratodermia tylodes palmaris progressiva...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yan Li, Chao Li, Jie Gao
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that three common loci, SstI, C-482T, and T-455C, in the apolipoprotein C3 (APOC3) gene might be associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Considering the inconsistent results and ethnicity variations, we performed a systematic meta-analysis to evaluate the association between three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the risk of CHD. METHODS: We searched HuGE Navigator and PubMed databases to screen for the related literature published before 25 September, 2015...
September 2016: Meta Gene
Amy Flaxman, Elizabeth Allen, Claudia Lindemann, Yuko Yamaguchi, Matthew K O'Shea, Joanne L Fallowfield, Michael Lindsay, Frances Gunner, Kyle Knox, David H Wyllie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to determine risk factors, including Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage, for dermatitis in submariners during a submarine patrol. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: 36 submariners undertaking a submerged 6-week patrol participated in the study. Severity of dermatitis and its impact was assessed using visual analogue scales and questionnaires at baseline and weekly throughout the patrol. S. aureus carriage levels in submariners were determined by nasal swabbing at baseline and shortly before disembarking the submarine...
2016: BMJ Open
Jennifer A Curry, Jason D Maguire, Jamie Fraser, David R Tribble, Robert G Deiss, Coleman Bryan, Michele D Tisdale, Katrina Crawford, Michael Ellis, Tahaniyat Lalani
Staphylococcal skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), especially those due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are an important public health issue for the military. Limited data exist regarding the prevalence of S. aureus colonization in the shipboard setting. We conducted a cross-sectional, observational study to determine the point prevalence of S. aureus colonization among military personnel onboard a naval vessel. Asymptomatic active duty personnel completed a survey for risk factors associated with colonization and SSTIs...
June 2016: Military Medicine
R Somayaji, M A R Priyantha, J E Rubin, D Church
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus pseudintermedius has been recently identified as a novel species within the genus Staphylococcus, and is commonly associated with infections in dogs. Currently, there are few reports of human infections due to this bacterium. OBJECTIVE: To use a population-based approach to describe the characteristics of human S. pseudintermedius infections in a large Canadian healthcare region. METHODS: All adult cases aged ≥18 years identified at a large regional laboratory from April 1, 2013 to April 1, 2015 who had at least one positive culture for S...
August 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Patrick Bovino, John Cole, Mark Scheatzle
BACKGROUND: Because of the rise in community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA), presentations to the emergency department for the evaluation of cutaneous abscesses have risen dramatically over the past 2 decades. Soft tissue point of care ultrasound (POCUS) differentiates abscess from cellulitis, determines the size and shape, and characterizes the contents of the abscess. It has been shown to improve medical decision-making and therefore the emergency management of cutaneous abscesses over physical examination alone...
August 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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