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"Abscess" OR "ssti"

D Vardakostas, C Damaskos, N Garmpis, E A Antoniou, K Kontzoglou, G Kouraklis, D Dimitroulis
OBJECTIVE: Liver cysts are divided into congenital and acquired. Congenital cystic lesions include polycystic liver disease, simple cysts, duct related and ciliated hepatic foregut cysts. Acquired cystic lesions are divided into infectious and non-infectious. The infectious cysts are the hydatid cyst, the amoebic abscess, and the pyogenic abscess, whereas the non-infectious cysts are neoplastic cysts and false cysts. While modern medicine provides a lot of minimally invasive therapeutic modalities, there has emerged a pressing need for understanding the various types of liver cysts, the possible minimal therapeutic options along with their indications and complications...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Takeshi Urade, Hidehiro Sawa, Koichi Murata, Yasuhiko Mii, Yoshiteru Iwatani, Ryoko Futai, Shohei Abe, Tsuyoshi Sanuki, Yukiko Morinaga, Daisuke Kuroda
Omental abscess due to a spilled gallstone is extremely rare after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Herein, we report a 68-year-old man who presented with left upper abdominal pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gangrenous cholecystitis. Seven months prior to admission, gallbladder perforation with spillage of pigment gallstones and bile occurred during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The spilled gallstones were retrieved through vigorous peritoneal lavage. Abdominal computed tomography showed a 3 × 2...
March 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Sohini Das, Atul Ramchandra More, Ramya Iyadurai
Bilateral primary renal aspergillosis is rare in immunocompetent hosts. The clinical presentation of Aspergillus pyelonephritis is similar to that of bacterial pyelonephritis. Here, we present an immunocompetent patient with primary bilateral renal abscesses due to Aspergillus fumigatus .
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Joanne Rodrigues, Ramya Iyyadurai, Sowmya Sathyendra, Manjeera Jagannati, Kundavaram Paul Prabhakar Abhilash, Sudha Jasmine Rajan
Introduction: Iliopsoas abscess (IPA) is the collection of pus in the iliopsoas compartment. The etiology of IPA is variable and depends on the geographical area and the antibiotic usage prevalence in that area. This study attempts to evaluate the etiology, clinical features, risk factors, management modalities, and outcomes in patients with IPA from a tertiary care center in South India. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study done in a tertiary care center in South India...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Hao-Yuan Lu, Wei Wei, Qi-Wei Chen, Qing-Gui Meng, Gao-Hua Hu, Xian-Lin Yi, Xian-Zhong Bai
Objectives: To study an uncommon life-threatening disease, spontaneous retroperitoneal and perirenal hemorrhage. Case descriptions: A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the left waist and back of 1 month duration. The renal abscess was suspected by magnetic resonance imaging before operation. The perirenal hematoma was cleaned by operation. In another case, the patient had a functional solitary left kidney compressed by a huge retroperitoneal mass and uropenia appeared...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Manesh Abi, Shankar Chaitra, Leb Nabarro, M Varghese George, Veeraraghavan Balaji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
Mohamed Tharwat, Madeh Sadan, El-Sayed El-Shafaey, El-Hassan Saeed, Abdullah Al-Hawas
This report summarizes the clinical, hematobiochemical, ultrasonographic, histopathological and bacteriological findings in a male Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius) with bilateral renal abscessation and chronic active pyelonephritis. Owner complaint included a decreased appetite and loss of body condition with occasionally voiding red urine. In the right kidney, ultrasonographic changes included a hypoechoic fluid surrounding the renal parenchyma. Within the left kidney, a large volume of hypoechoic contents were imaged...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Jung Ho Ko, Young-Joon Kim, Hyun Ho Jung
A 24-year-old man was admitted with sudden severe headache. Brain computed tomography (CT) revealed a subarachnoid hemorrhage in the basal cistern and both Sylvian cisterns and a left internal carotid artery angiogram showed a small aneurysm on the bifurcation of the left middle cerebral artery. We performed Y-configured stent-assisted coil embolization. On the fifth post-embolization day, the patient had chills, and his body temperature was over 38℃. Staphylococcus aureus was cultured from the venous blood sample...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
Ioannis Kopsidas, Rodanthi Margariti, Maria Gavra, Angeliki Syngelou, Christos Zambakidis, Maria Tsolia, Nikolaos Nikolaidis, Nikos Spyridis
We report the case of an 11 year-old immunocompetent patient presenting with a two-week history of upper back pain, diagnosed with thoracic vertebral osteomyelitis and a paraspinal abscess due to Bartonella henselae. He was treated with gentamicin and doxycycline followed by oral rifampicin and doxycycline with favorable outcome.
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Chen Ben David, Nicola L Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad, Kassem Sharif, Aaron Whitby, Howard Amital, Mohammad Adawi
RATIONALE: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by recurrent swollen, deep, and painful abscesses. Several autoimmune conditions have been shown to be associated with HS including inflammatory bowel disease and spondyloarthropathies. PATIENT CONCERNS: 40-year-old female with systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) presented with recurrent abscesses and nodules on her extremities. DIAGNOSIS: Early considerations related the described dermatologic findings to the dermatologic manifestations of SLE, however findings from lesion biopsy were suggestive of HS...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Y Sasabuchi, H Yasunaga, H Matsui, A K Lefor, K Fushimi, M Sanui
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Epidural analgesia is an option for pain control in patients with acute pancreatitis. The aim of this study is to describe characteristics, morbidity and mortality of patients with acute pancreatitis treated with epidural analgesia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data was extracted from a national inpatient database in Japan on patients hospitalized with acute pancreatitis between July 2010 and March 2013. A total of 44,146 patients discharged from acute care hospitals were included in this retrospective cohort study...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Andrew W Artenstein, Jennifer Friderici, Paul Visintainer
Introduction: Spinal epidural abscess (SEA), a highly morbid and potentially lethal deep tissue infection of the central nervous system has more than tripled in incidence over the past decade. Early recognition at the point of initial clinical presentation may prevent irreversible neurologic injury or other serious, adverse outcomes. To facilitate early recognition of SEA, we developed a predictive scoring model. Methods: Using data from a 10-year, retrospective, case-control study of adults presenting for care at a tertiary-care, regional, academic medical center, we used the Integrated Discrimination Improvement Index (IDI) to identify candidate discriminators and created a multivariable logistic regression model, refined based on p-value significance...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
EnHao Wu, Lei Huang, Ya Zhou, Xun Zhu
Introduction: Foreign body stuck in the throat is a common emergency case, which can be removed by the endoscopic treatment. Fish bones are one of the common observed foreign bodies in the pharynx or cervical esophagus. Fish bones have a risk of damaging the mucosa when lodged in the upper digestive tract. Foreign bodies of fish bones located outside the laryngopharyngeal tissue are relatively unusual, and it is even more rare that they remain in the thyroid. It may cause local infection, abscess formation, large blood vessels rupture, and other serious life-threatening complications when the position of the fish bone migrates to the neck...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
Kelechukwu U Okoro, Maria Gomez De La Espriella, Douglas J Grider, Anthony W Baffoe-Bonnie
Mycobacterium tuberculosis has a wide variety of presentations. A rare occurrence is gastrointestinal tuberculosis. It may occur anywhere along the alimentary canal but usually occurs in the ileocecum with rare involvement of the appendix.
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
José Ascención Arenas-Ruiz, Horus Martinez-Maldonado, Vicente Gonzalez-Carranza, Samuel Torres-García, Fernando Chico-Ponce de Leon
INTRODUCTION: Focal hydrocephalus including trapped temporal horn (TTH), isolated lateral and fourth ventricles, is caused by obstruction and/or adhesion related to various etiologies. With the advent of the neuroendoscope, endoscopic procedures have become an alternative in selected cases. CASE REPORT: A 2-year-old male from a rural town in México was referred to our institution because of multiple supra- and infra-tentorial abscesses and hydrocephalus. The patient had progressive deterioration and developed bilateral trapped temporal horn related to multi-septated hydrocephalus, so we performed an endoscopic ventricular-cistern-ventriculostomy through a single right temporal burr hole...
March 20, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Yifat Manor, Adi A Garfunkel
PURPOSE: To describe a rare case of odontogenic brain abscess. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A healthy, 35-year-old male had two dental implants placed in a simultaneously augmented maxillary sinus. One implant failed and the patient developed a maxillary sinusitis that failed to improve following antibiotic treatment at home. The neglected sinus infection led to formation of a brain abscess. The patient was hospitalised only when he had pan sinusitis with neurological signs...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
Antonella Sorrentino, Silvia Trotta, Anna Pia Colucci, Lucia Aventaggiato, Andrea Marzullo, Biagio Solarino
"Krokodil" is a home-made opioid drug obtained by synthesizing desomorphine from codeine and combining it with other low-cost additives. Initially introduced in the former Soviet countries, it was then imported to Western Europe as a heroin substitute. To our knowledge, this is the first report of an Italian case of lethal krokodil abuse, that occurred in a 39-year-old man, who died suddenly after transportation to the Emergency Department (ED) for hyperthermia associated with sweating, dyspnoea and tachycardia...
March 19, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
Utako Okata-Karigane, Yasuki Hata, Emiko Watanabe-Okada, Shunichi Miyakawa, Michi Ota, Yutaka Uzawa, Shigekazu Iguchi, Atsushi Yoshida, Ken Kikuchi
A 60-year-old Japanese man presented with multiple subcutaneous nodules in his left groin. Histologically, the nodules consisted of suppurative granulomas and abscesses not involving the hair follicles. Trichophyton rubrum TWCC57922 was detected by fungal culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequencing of the rDNA genes. We diagnosed these nodules as deeper dermal dermatophytosis, a rare form of invasive dermatophytosis. He was treated with terbinafine. We compared these findings with previous reports of deep dermal dermatophytosis...
September 2018: Medical Mycology Case Reports
Xiu-Mei Li, Xue-Gang Luo, Jun-Fang He, Nan Wang, Hao Zhou, Pei-Long Yang, Tong-Cun Zhang
Hypericum ascyron L. (Great St. Johnswort), which belongs to the Hypericaceae family, has been used for the treatment of hematemesis, metrorrhagia, rheumatism, swelling, stomach ache, abscesses, dysentery and irregular menstruation for >2,000 years in China. The aim of the present study was to clarify the anticancer activity compounds from H. ascyron L. and the underlying molecular mechanism. Anticancer activity of H. ascyron L. extract was evaluated using an MTT assay. To confirm the anticancer mechanism of activity compounds, Hoechst 33258, Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide, 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, rhodamine 123 staining and caspase-3 activity analysis were performed...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Yujie Zhou, Min Liao, Chengguang Zhu, Yao Hu, Ting Tong, Xian Peng, Mingyun Li, Mingye Feng, Lei Cheng, Biao Ren, Xuedong Zhou
The hyphal development of Candida albicans (C. albicans) has been considered as an essential virulent factor for host cell damage. However, the missing link between hyphae and virulence of C. albicans is also been discovered. Here, we identified that the null mutants of ERG3 and ERG11, two key genes in ergosterol biosynthesis pathway, can form typical hyphae but failed to cause the oral mucosal infection in vitro and in vivo for the first time. In particular, the erg3Δ/Δ and erg11Δ/Δ strains co-cultured with epithelial cells significantly reduced the adhesion, damage, and cytokine (interleukin-1α (IL-1α)) production, whereas the invasion was not affected in vitro...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
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