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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816403/predictors-of-distant-relapse-in-patients-with-figo-stage-iib-iva-cervical-cancer-treated-with-definitive-radiotherapy
#1
Mika Okazawa-Sakai, Seiji Mabuchi, Fumiaki Isohashi, Atsushi Kawashima, Eriko Yokoi, Kazuhiko Ogawa, Tadashi Kimura
AIM: To investigate the predictors of distant relapse in International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IIB-IVA cervical cancer patients treated with definitive radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: The clinical data of 219 patients with FIGO stage IIB-IVA cervical cancer treated with definitive RT between January 1997 and December 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. The cumulative distant relapse, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808929/high-expression-of-ho-1-predicts-poor-prognosis-of-ovarian-cancer-patients-and-promotes-proliferation-and-aggressiveness-of-ovarian-cancer-cells
#2
Z Zhao, Y Xu, J Lu, J Xue, P Liu
PURPOSE: HO-1 has been proved to be associated with tumor aggressivity and poor prognosis in various cancers. Our study provides the first study to demonstrate the relationship of HO-1 expression and clinical characteristics in ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry and western blotting were used to examine the expression of HO-1 in tissue species and fresh tissues. CCK-8 was used to investigate cell viability. Transwell chamber was performed to estimate migration and invasion capacities in A2780 and Skov-3 cells...
August 14, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807367/an-evaluation-of-progression-free-survival-and-overall-survival-of-ovarian-cancer-patients-with-clear-cell-carcinoma-versus-serous-carcinoma-treated-with-platinum-therapy-an-nrg-oncology-gynecologic-oncology-group-experience
#3
Kate E Oliver, William E Brady, Michael Birrer, David M Gershenson, Gini Fleming, Larry J Copeland, Krishnansu Tewari, Peter A Argenta, Robert S Mannel, Angeles Alvarez Secord, Jean-Marie Stephan, David G Mutch, Frederick B Stehman, Franco M Muggia, Peter G Rose, Deborah K Armstrong, Michael A Bookman, Robert A Burger, John H Farley
PURPOSE: We examined disparities in prognosis between patients with ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) and serous epithelial ovarian cancer (SOC). METHODS: We reviewed data from FIGO stage I-IV epithelial ovarian cancer patients who participated in 12 prospective randomized GOG protocols. Proportional hazards models were used to compare progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) by cell type (clear cell versus serous). RESULTS: There were 10,803 patients enrolled, 9531 were eligible, evaluable and treated with platinum, of whom 544 (6%) had OCCC, 7054 (74%) had SOC, and 1933 (20%) had other histologies and are not included further...
August 11, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805609/efficacy-of-pet-ct-to-exclude-leiomyoma-in-patients-with-lesions-suspicious-for-uterine-sarcoma-on-mri
#4
Soshi Kusunoki, Yasuhisa Terao, Takafumi Ujihira, Kazunari Fujino, Hiroshi Kaneda, Miki Kimura, Tsuyoshi Ota, Satoru Takeda
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for the diagnosis of uterine sarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four patients evaluated between January 2010 and March 2015 were retrospectively enrolled. All patients in whom uterine sarcoma was suspected based on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings (heterogeneous, high signal intensity on T2-weighted images and/or high intensity on T1-weighted images) underwent PET/CT for further assessment...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805598/screening-frequency-and-histologic-type-influence-the-efficacy-of-cervical-cancer-screening-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#5
Ying-Cheng Chiang, Yun-Yuan Chen, Shu-Feng Hsieh, Chun-Ju Chiang, San-Lin You, Wen-Fang Cheng, Mei-Shu Lai, Chi-An Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of age, screening interval, and histologic type on the effect of Pap smears in cervical cancer screening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were retrieved from the Taiwan National Cancer Registry and Cervical Cancer Screening Registration System for the period from 2002 to 2010. Age, Pap smear interval, FIGO stage, and histology were further analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 12,294 women with cervical cancer were enrolled, including 10,040 with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 1720 with adenocarcinoma (ADC), 401 with adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC), and 133 with small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SMC)...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804555/imp3-is-upregulated-in-primary-ovarian-mucinous-carcinoma-and-promotes-tumor-progression
#6
Qin Zhu, Yuqing Qu, Qiongyan Zhang, Linghui Lu, Weiwei Weng, Hao Zhang, Lihong Zhang, Yan Ning, Yiqin Wang
OBJECTIVE: Primary ovarian mucinous tumors progress from benign adenoma to borderline tumors to invasive mucinous carcinoma. A proper differential diagnosis is crucial to discriminate malignancies at the early stages of disease. However, few biomarkers are clinically available. We designed this study to analyze the clinical application of the oncogene IMP3 in monitoring early malignancies in ovarian primary mucinous tumors. METHODS: We collected 250 samples of ovarian primary mucinous tumors along with the corresponding clinicopathological information between 2009 and 2015 at the Gynecology and Obstetrics Hospital of Fudan University and performed immunochemical assays...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802913/salvage-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-and-external-beam-radiotherapy-for-isolated-vaginal-recurrences-of-endometrial-cancer-with-no-prior-adjuvant-therapy
#7
Christopher H Chapman, Kaveh Maghsoudi, Ramey D Littell, Lee-May Chen, I-Chow Hsu
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical outcomes for isolated vaginal recurrence of endometrial cancer without adjuvant therapy treated with salvage external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) and high-dose-rate CT-based inverse-planned brachytherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty women were included in this retrospective study. Median time to first recurrence was 16.7 months, and median age at recurrence was 73 years. Initial grade was 1 or 2 in 19 patients (63%), and 2009 FIGO stage IA in 19 patients...
August 9, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802765/disparities-in-care-for-elderly-women-with-endometrial-cancer-adversely-effects-survival
#8
Anna Torgeson, Dustin Boothe, Matthew M Poppe, Gita Suneja, David K Gaffney
PURPOSE: Elderly women with endometrial cancer are at increased risk of local recurrence and cancer-specific death compared to younger women. We sought to investigate adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) practice patterns and effects on survival in elderly women with endometrial cancer. METHODS: Women from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) with FIGO IA grade 3 to FIGO IVA endometrial cancer diagnosed from 2004-2013 were included. Chi square analysis was used to compare the elderly (80+) and non-elderly women (18-79) and women who received RT and those that did not...
August 9, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802022/microrna-492-overexpression-involves-in-cell-proliferation-migration-and-radiotherapy-response-of-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#9
Mei Liu, Jusheng An, Manni Huang, Liming Wang, Binbin Tu, Yan Song, Kai Ma, Yu Wang, Shuren Wang, Hongxia Zhu, Ningzhi Xu, Lingying Wu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA that target protein-coding mRNAs at the post-transcriptional level. The aim of this study was to define the role of miR-492 in cervical squamous cell carcinomas. After microRNA profiling and comparison, we firstly detected miR-492 expression in 104 tumor tissues biopsies derived from advanced staged (FIGO IIB-IIIB) cervical squamous cell carcinoma patients before receiving concomitant chemoradiotherapy and found miR-492 expression was significantly higher in the specimens that were sensitive to concomitant chemoradiotherapy, as compared with insensitive cancer specimens (p < 0...
August 12, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800942/plasma-and-ovarian-tissue-sphingolipids-profiling-in-patients-with-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#10
Paweł Knapp, Lubomir Bodnar, Agnieszka Błachnio-Zabielska, Magdalena Świderska, Adrian Chabowski
PURPOSE: The role of lipids in carcinogenesis through induction of abnormal cell lines in the human body is currently undisputable. Based on the literature, bioactive sphingolipids play an essential role in the development and progression of cancer and are involved in the metastatic process. The aim of this study was to determine the concentration of selected sphingolipids in patients with advanced ovarian cancer (AOC, FIGO III/IV, high grade ovarian cancer). METHODS: Seventy-four patients with ovarian cancer were enrolled...
August 8, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800504/survival-outcomes-and-patterns-of-failure-in-women-with-stage-iiic2-endometrial-carcinoma
#11
Joon K Lee, Meredith Mahan, Rabbie K Hanna, Mohamed A Elshaikh
OBJECTIVES: Para-aortic lymph node involvement in women with endometrial carcinoma (EC) is a poor prognostic factor. Many studies have included women with stage IIIC2 in cohorts of patients with advanced stage disease. The aim of this study was to analyze survival outcomes and patterns of failure in women with solely stage IIIC2 EC. METHODS: We identified women with FIGO stage IIIC2 EC who underwent surgical staging at our institution. In addition to descriptive analyses of patient demographics, tumor characteristics, and adjuvant treatment received, univariate log-rank analyses and Cox regression multivariate analyses (MVA) were performed to identify predictors of recurrence-free (RFS), disease-specific (DSS) and overall survival (OS)...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797698/prognostic-value-of-lymph-node-ratio-and-number-of-positive-inguinal-nodes-in-patients-with-vulvar-cancer
#12
Stephan Polterauer, Richard Schwameis, Christoph Grimm, Ronalds Macuks, Sara Iacoponi, Kamil Zalewski, Ignacio Zapardiel
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prognostic significance of lymph node ratio and number of positive nodes in vulvar cancer patients. METHODS: This international multicenter retrospective study included patients diagnosed with vulvar cancer treated with inguinal lymphadenectomy. Lymph node ratio (LNR) is the ratio of the number of positive lymph nodes (LN) to the number of removed LN. Patients were stratified into risk groups according to LNR. LNR was correlated with clinical-pathological parameters...
August 7, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797320/decreased-expression-of-mir-138-5p-by-lncrna-h19-in-cervical-cancer-promotes-tumor-proliferation
#13
Lei Ou, Dazhong Wang, Han Zhang, Qian Yu, Fangfang Hua
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the carcinogenesis of cervical cancer. However, the expression and underlying mechanisms of miRNA in cervical cancer progression remain unclear. In the present study, our data showed that the expression of miR-138-5p was significantly downregulated in cervical cancer tissues, decreased expression of miR-138-5p was correlated with advanced FIGO stage, poor differentiation, lymph nodes metastasis, and poor overall survival of cervical cancer patients. Function assays showed that overexpression of miR-138-5p reduced cervical cancer cell proliferation, arrested cell in G0/G1 phase and induced cell apoptosis in vitro...
August 10, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797156/-expression-and-significance-of-ikk%C3%AE%C2%B5-in-the-specimens-and-cells-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#14
L Pang, J C Gao, P X Zhang, Q Sun, W J Qi, H L Gao, H W Guan, H Shi
Objective: To examine the expressions of IKKε protein in the specimens and cells of epithelial ovarian cancer and investigate the effect of IKKε inhibitor on cell proliferation and apoptosis. Methods: (1) A total of 118 cases of patients with the median age of 59 who have accepted surgical treatment due to ovarian cancer in the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University from January 2006 to April 2013 were selected. Twenty cases of patients with the median age of 55 who have accepted hysterectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy due to uterine leiomyoma during the same period were selected as the control...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794448/prognostic-impact-of-cd133-expression-in-endometrial-cancer-patients
#15
G Mancebo, J M Sole-Sedeno, O Pino, E Miralpeix, S Mojal, L Garrigos, B Lloveras, P Navarro, J Gibert, M Lorenzo, I Aran, R Carreras, F Alameda
To assess the impact of CD133 expression on the prognosis of endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC). We retrospectively assessed CD133 expression in tissue microarray of 116 surgically treated FIGO I-III EEC. Tumors with ≥10% of CD133-expressing cells were considered CD133-positive (CD133+). On the basis of CD133 expression, clinical and pathological parameters, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated. Of the EEC studied 85.2% showed CD133-expressing cells. Only 61% (n = 66) of EEC presented ≥10% of CD133 expressing cells and were considered CD133+...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791266/prognostic-assessment-of-sarcomatous-histologic-subtypes-of-ovarian-carcinosarcoma
#16
Hyun Jin Kim, Hyun-Mi Lee, Mi Kyung Kim, Yoo-Kyung Lee, In-Ho Lee, Ki-Heon Lee, Hyesun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian carcinosarcoma is a rare subtype of this disease that has not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic factors and out comes in patients with ovarian carcinosarcoma. METHODS: All patients with histologically confirmed ovarian carcinosarcoma who were treated at Cheil General Hospital and Women's Healthcare Center between January 2000 and December 2015 were identified and analyzed. Data were extracted from medical records, and statistical analyses were performed to determine correlations between clinicopathological parameters and survival outcomes...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778083/the-prognostic-impact-of-overall-treatment-time-on-disease-outcome-in-uterine-cervical-cancer-patients-treated-primarily-with-concomitant-chemoradiotherapy-a-nationwide-taiwanese-cohort-study
#17
Shih-Min Lin, Hsiu-Ying Ku, Ting-Chang Chang, Tsang-Wu Liu, Ji-Hong Hong
The importance of the overall treatment time (OTT) has a paradoxical status in the current era of concomitant chemoradiotherapy. The main objective of this nationwide study was to evaluate the correlation between overall treatment duration and clinical outcome in cervical cancer patients treated primarily with curative concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). In this population-based cohort study, 2,594 patients diagnosed with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage I-IVA uterine cervical cancer were studied...
July 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771617/late-week-surgical-treatment-of-endometrial-cancer-is-associated-with-worse-long-term-outcome-results-from-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#18
Tormund S Njølstad, Henrica M Werner, Janusz Marcickiewicz, Solveig Tingulstad, Anne C Staff, Klaus Oddenes, Line Bjørge, Marie E Engh, Kathrine Woie, Jostein Tjugum, Margaret S Lode, Frederic Amant, Helga B Salvesen, Jone Trovik
Surgery is the cornerstone in primary endometrial cancer treatment, and with curative intent it constitutes total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy. In addition, lymphadenectomy is performed in selected patients dependent on a preoperative risk assessment. Recent reports from the surgical approach to esophageal cancer reveal worse outcome when esophagectomy is performed later in the week. On this basis, we set out to explore weekday of surgery in relation to long-term outcome in 1302 endometrial cancer patients prospectively included in the MoMaTEC multicenter study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770969/long-non-coding-rna-cps1-it1-is-a-positive-prognostic-factor-and-inhibits-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-tumorigenesis
#19
Y-S Wang, L-N Ma, J-X Sun, N Liu, H Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the prognostic value of long non-coding RNA CPS1-IT1 (CPS1-IT1) expression in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients and identify the effect of CPS1-IT1 on cell proliferation and apoptosis of EOC cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Expression levels of CPS1-IT1 in tissues and cells were detected by the Real-time quantitative RT-PCR assay. The χ2-test was used to analyze the relationship between CPS1-IT1 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768676/role-of-metastasectomy-and-chemotherapy-in-carcinoma-of-uterine-cervix
#20
Nasir Ali, Muhammad Atif Mansha, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi
Squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix is potentially a curable disease; however, many patients treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy develop distant metastases, with few of them having a single metastatic deposit. There are no guidelines for the treatment of patients with oligometastatic cervical cancer.We present a case of a patient with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Stage IIB squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix. She was successfully treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy with definitive intent...
August 2, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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