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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080097/correction-to-elliott-and-leach-2016
#1
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "You must be lying because I don't understand you: Language proficiency and lie detection" by Elizabeth Elliott and Amy-May Leach (Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 2016[Dec], Vol 22[4], 488-499). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-59419-006.) We examined the impact of interviewees' language proficiencies on observers' lie detection performance. Observers (N = 132) were randomly assigned to make deception judgments about interviewees (N = 56) from Four proficiency groups (i...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070989/fullerenes-in-space
#2
John Paul Maier, Ewen Kyle Campbell
In 1985 the football structure of $\textrm{C}_{60}$, buckminsterfullerene was proposed and subsequently confirmed following its macroscopic synthesis in 1990. From the very beginning the role of $\textrm{C}_{60}$ and $\textrm{C}_{60}^{+}$ in space was considered, particularly in the context of the enigmatic diffuse interstellar bands. These are absorption features found in the spectra of reddened star light. The first astronomical observations were made around one hundred years ago and despite significant efforts none of the interstellar molecules responsible have been identified...
January 10, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069160/implementing-lung-cancer-screening-the-us-experience
#3
REVIEW
D R Aberle
The reduced lung cancer mortality observed with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening in the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) has led to annual screening in the United States as a covered benefit by both private insurers and the federal health insurance programme, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Reimbursement for screening requires data submission to a federal registry on all individuals, whether privately or federally insured. Data must document individual patient eligibility as well as shared decision-making regarding the benefits and risks of LDCT screening, smoking cessation counselling, and the importance of annual screening...
January 6, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065189/mosquito-larvae-can-detect-water-vibration-patterns-from-a-nearby-predator
#4
D Roberts
Mosquito larvae have been shown to respond to water-borne kairomones from nearby predators by reducing their activity, and thus visibility. If they can identify the predator, they can then alter their response depending upon the associated predation risk. No studies have shown that mosquito larva may also detect water-borne vibrations from the predator. Final instar larvae of three mosquitoes: Culiseta longiareolata, Culex perexiguus and C. quinquefasciatus, were exposed to recorded vibrations from feeding dragonfly nymphs, to dragonfly kairomones and the combined effect of both...
January 9, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062376/a-biotin-enrichment-strategy-identifies-novel-carbonylated-amino-acids-in-proteins-from-human-plasma
#5
Jesper F Havelund, Katarzyna Wojdyla, Michael J Davies, Ole N Jensen, Ian Max Møller, Adelina Rogowska-Wrzesinska
: Protein carbonylation is an irreversible protein oxidation correlated with oxidative stress, various diseases and ageing. Here we describe a peptide-centric approach for identification and characterisation of up to 14 different types of carbonylated amino acids in proteins. The modified residues are derivatised with biotin-hydrazide, enriched and characterised by tandem mass spectrometry. The strength of the method lies in an improved elution of biotinylated peptides from monomeric avidin resin using hot water (95°C) and increased sensitivity achieved by reduction of analyte losses during sample preparation and chromatography...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060335/identification-of-intracellular-signaling-events-induced-in-viable-cells-by-interaction-with-neighboring-cells-undergoing-apoptotic-cell-death
#6
Snezana Vujicic, Lanfei Feng, Angelika Antoni, Joyce Rauch, Jerrold S Levine
Cells dying by apoptosis, also referred to as regulated cell death, acquire multiple new activities that enable them to influence the function of adjacent live cells. Vital activities, such as survival, proliferation, growth, and differentiation, are among the many cellular functions modulated by apoptotic cells. The ability to recognize and respond to apoptotic cells appears to be a universal feature of all cells, regardless of lineage or organ of origination. However, the diversity and complexity of the response to apoptotic cells mandates that great care be taken in dissecting the signaling events and pathways responsible for any particular outcome...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059789/the-mild-behavioral-impairment-checklist%C3%A2-mbi-c-a-rating-scale-for%C3%A2-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in%C3%A2-pre-dementia-populations
#7
Zahinoor Ismail, Luis Agüera-Ortiz, Henry Brodaty, Alicja Cieslak, Jeffrey Cummings, Corinne E Fischer, Serge Gauthier, Yonas E Geda, Nathan Herrmann, Jamila Kanji, Krista L Lanctôt, David S Miller, Moyra E Mortby, Chiadi U Onyike, Paul B Rosenberg, Eric E Smith, Gwenn S Smith, David L Sultzer, Constantine Lyketsos
BACKGROUND: Mild behavioral impairment (MBI) is a construct that describes the emergence at ≥50 years of age of sustained and impactful neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), as a precursor to cognitive decline and dementia. MBI describes NPS of any severity, which are not captured by traditional psychiatric nosology, persist for at least 6 months, and occur in advance of or in concert with mild cognitive impairment. While the detection and description of MBI has been operationalized in the International Society to Advance Alzheimer's Research and Treatment - Alzheimer's Association (ISTAART-AA) research diagnostic criteria, there is no instrument that accurately reflects MBI as described...
December 3, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059501/a-high-quantum-yield-mitochondria-targeting-near-infrared-fluorescent-probe-for-imaging-native-hypobromous-acid-in-living-cells-and-in-vivo
#8
Xiaojun Liu, Aishan Zheng, Dongrui Luan, Xiaoting Wang, Fanpeng Kong, Lili Tong, Kehua Xu, Bo Tang
The discovery that hypobromous acid (HOBr) can regulate the activity of collagen IV has attracted great attention. However, HOBr as an important reactive small molecule has hardly ever been studied using a detection method suitable for organisms. Herein, a high-quantum-yield mitochondria-targeting near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe for HOBr, RhSN-mito, was designed. RhSN-mito was easily obtained by the Suzuki cross-coupling reaction. The test results show that RhSN-mito can rapidly respond to HOBr with ultrasensitivity and high selectivity...
January 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056858/the-impact-of-national-prenatal-screening-on-the-time-of-diagnosis-and-outcome-of-pregnancies-affected-with-common-trisomies-a-cohort-study-in-the-northern-netherlands
#9
Katelijne Bouman, Marian K Bakker, Erwin Birnie, Lies Ter Beek, Caterina M Bilardo, Irene M van Langen, Hermien E K de Walle
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of the introduction of prenatal screening on time of detection and pregnancy outcome for trisomy 21 (T21), trisomy 18 (T18) and trisomy 13 (T13). METHODS: We performed a retrospective, population-based cohort study in the Northern Netherlands including 503 trisomy cases born between 2005 and 2012. Screening tests and invasive procedures, timing of diagnosis and pregnancy outcome were compared between the period before (2005-2006) and after introduction (2007-2012) using X (2) tests...
January 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048908/su-g-iep4-09-method-of-human-eye-aberration-measurement-using-plenoptic-camera-over-large-field-of-view
#10
Yang Lv, Ruixing Wang, Haotong Ma, Xuanzhe Zhang, Yu Ning, Xiaojun Xu
PURPOSE: The measurement based on Shack-Hartmann wave-front sensor(WFS), obtaining both the high and low order wave-front aberrations simultaneously and accurately, has been applied in the detection of human eyes aberration in recent years. However, Its application is limited by the small field of view (FOV), slight eye movement leads the optical bacon image exceeds the lenslet array which result in uncertain detection error. To overcome difficulties of precise eye location, the capacity of detecting eye wave-front aberration over FOV much larger than simply a single conjugate Hartmann WFS accurately and simultaneously is demanded...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046474/th-ab-209-04-3d-light-sheet-luminescence-imaging-with-cherenkov-radiation
#11
P Bruza, H Lin, L Jarvis, D Gladstone, B Pogue
PURPOSE: To recover a three-dimensional density distribution of luminescent molecular probes located several centimeters deep within a highly scattering tissue. METHODS: We developed a novel sheet beam Cherenkov-excited luminescence scanned imaging (CELSI) methodology. The sample was irradiated by a horizontally oriented, vertically scanned 6 MV X-ray sheet beam (200mm × 5mm, 0.2mm vertical step) from a radiotherapy linear accelerator. The resulting Cherenkov light emission - and thus luminescent probe excitation - occurred exclusively along the irradiation plane due to a short diffusion path of secondary particles and Cherenkov photons...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045899/characterisation-of-antigen-b-protein-species-present-in-the-hydatid-cyst-fluid-of-echinococcus-canadensis-g7-genotype
#12
Ana Maite Folle, Eduardo S Kitano, Analía Lima, Magdalena Gil, Marcela Cucher, Gustavo Mourglia-Ettlin, Leo K Iwai, Mara Rosenzvit, Carlos Batthyány, Ana María Ferreira
The larva of cestodes belonging to the Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) complex causes cystic echinococcosis (CE). It is a globally distributed zoonosis with significant economic and public health impact. The most immunogenic and specific Echinococcus-genus antigen for human CE diagnosis is antigen B (AgB), an abundant lipoprotein of the hydatid cyst fluid (HF). The AgB protein moiety (apolipoprotein) is encoded by five genes (AgB1-AgB5), which generate mature 8 kDa proteins (AgB8/1-AgB8/5). These genes seem to be differentially expressed among Echinococcus species...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039353/fluoroscopy-guided-sacroiliac-intraarticular-injection-via-the-middle-portion-of-the-joint
#13
Daisuke Kurosawa, Eiichi Murakami, Toshimi Aizawa
: OBJECTIVE : Sacroiliac intraarticular injection is necessary to confirm sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain and is usually performed via the caudal one-third portion of the joint. However, this is occasionally impossible for anatomical reasons, and the success rate is low in clinical settings. We describe a technique via the middle portion of the joint. DESIGN : Observational study. SUBJECTS : Enrolled were 69 consecutive patients (27 men and 42 women, with an average age of 53 years) in whom the middle portion of 100 joints was targeted...
December 30, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030362/the-guilty-brain-the-utility-of-neuroimaging-and-neurostimulation-studies-in-forensic-field
#14
Francesca Mameli, Cristina Scarpazza, Emanuele Tomasini, Roberta Ferrucci, Fabiana Ruggiero, Giuseppe Sartori, Alberto Priori
Several studies have aimed to address the natural inability of humankind to detect deception and accurately discriminate lying from truth in the legal context. To date, it has been well established that telling a lie is a complex mental activity. During deception, many functions of higher cognition are involved: the decision to lie, withholding the truth, fabricating the lie, monitoring whether the receiver believes the lie, and, if necessary, adjusting the fabricated story and maintaining a consistent lie...
December 28, 2016: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027590/hepatitis-b-reactivation-in-occult-viral-carriers-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-prospective-study
#15
Wai-Kay Seto, Thomas Sau-Yan Chan, Yu-Yan Hwang, Danny Ka-Ho Wong, James Fung, Kevin Sze-Hang Liu, Harinder Gill, Yuk-Fai Lam, Eric H Y Lau, Ka-Shing Cheung, Albert K W Lie, Ching-Lung Lai, Yok-Lam Kwong, Man-Fung Yuen
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-negative, antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) positive patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have not been prospectively studied. HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc positive patients with undetectable HBV DNA undergoing allogeneic HSCT were prospectively monitored every 4 weeks. The primary endpoint was HBV reactivation, defined as detectable HBV DNA (≥10 IU/mL). Secondary endpoints included overall survival, HBsAg-positivity, and changes in liver biochemistry and antibody to HBsAg levels...
December 27, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019000/avian-and-simian-malaria-do-they-have-a-cancer-connection
#16
REVIEW
Martin Ward, Giovanni Benelli
It has been claimed that infectious agents transmitted by mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) may have a greater connection to cancer then hitherto supposed and that the immune system struggles to recognize and fight some of these infectious agents. One of the claims made is that there is a connection between human malaria and brain cancers in the USA. However, the USA declared itself free of human malaria in the last century, yet cancer incidences remain high, suggesting any overall cancer connection is slight...
December 26, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018271/comparing-a-perceptual-and-an-automated-vision-based-method-for-lie-detection-in-younger-children
#17
Mariana Serras Pereira, Reinier Cozijn, Eric Postma, Suleman Shahid, Marc Swerts
The present study investigates how easily it can be detected whether a child is being truthful or not in a game situation, and it explores the cue validity of bodily movements for such type of classification. To achieve this, we introduce an innovative methodology - the combination of perception studies (in which eye-tracking technology is being used) and automated movement analysis. Film fragments from truthful and deceptive children were shown to human judges who were given the task to decide whether the recorded child was being truthful or not...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008876/quantum-steering-a-review-with-focus-on-semidefinite-programming
#18
D Cavalcanti, P Skrzypczyk
Quantum steering refers to the non-classical correlations that can be observed between the outcomes of measurements applied on half of an entangled state and the resulting post-measured states that are left with the other party. From an operational point of view, a steering test can be seen as an entanglement test where one of the parties performs uncharacterised measurements. Thus, quantum steering is a form of quantum inseparability that lies in between the well-known notions of Bell nonlocality and entanglement...
December 23, 2016: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000910/-environmental-and-genetic-variables-related-with-alterations-in-language-acquisition-in-early-childhood
#19
REVIEW
A Moriano-Gutierrez, J Colomer-Revuelta, J Sanjuan, J M Carot-Sierra
INTRODUCTION: A great deal of research has addressed problems in the correct acquisition of language, but with few overall conclusions. The reasons for this lie in the individual variability, the existence of different measures for assessing language and the fact that a complex network of genetic and environmental factors are involved in its development. AIM: To review the environmental and genetic variables that have been studied to date, in order to gain a better under-standing of the causes of specific language impairment and create new evidence that can help in the development of screening systems for the early detection of these disorders...
January 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000701/the-diagnostic-yield-of-whole-exome-sequencing-targeting-a-gene-panel-for-hearing-impairment-in-the-netherlands
#20
Celia Zazo Seco, Mieke Wesdorp, Ilse Feenstra, Rolph Pfundt, Jayne Y Hehir-Kwa, Stefan H Lelieveld, Steven Castelein, Christian Gilissen, Ilse J de Wijs, Ronald Jc Admiraal, Ronald Je Pennings, Henricus Pm Kunst, Jiddeke M van de Kamp, Saskia Tamminga, Arjan C Houweling, Astrid S Plomp, Saskia M Maas, Pia Am de Koning Gans, Sarina G Kant, Christa M de Geus, Suzanna Gm Frints, Els K Vanhoutte, Marieke F van Dooren, Marie-José H van den Boogaard, Hans Scheffer, Marcel Nelen, Hannie Kremer, Lies Hoefsloot, Margit Schraders, Helger G Yntema
Hearing impairment (HI) is genetically heterogeneous which hampers genetic counseling and molecular diagnosis. Testing of several single HI-related genes is laborious and expensive. In this study, we evaluate the diagnostic utility of whole-exome sequencing (WES) targeting a panel of HI-related genes. Two hundred index patients, mostly of Dutch origin, with presumed hereditary HI underwent WES followed by targeted analysis of an HI gene panel of 120 genes. We found causative variants underlying the HI in 67 of 200 patients (33...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
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