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Y Pan, H Wu, Y Li
Objective: To investigate the effects of recombinant human IL-11 treatment on prognosis of patients with radiochemoradiotherapy in the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Method: Seventy-eight cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients were selected as the research object, all the patients were equally divided into observation group and control group with 39 cases in each group accorded to the random draw envelope principle. The control group received conventional chemoradiotherapy treatment, the observation group received the IL-11 treatment based on the treatment in control group, the treatment cycles in the two groups were 2 cycles...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
R K Tannus, S R Almeida-Carvalho, C A Loureiro-Matos, A Miziara-Gonzalez, A A Salzedas-Netto, D Szejnfeld, G D'Ippolito, V Pereira-Lanzoni, I Souza-Silva
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are several prognostic systems that address different aspects of the patient and the tumour and can guide the management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to evaluate and compare the eight staging systems for a group of patients in a public service in Brazil. METHODS: Patients with HCC were retrospectively analysed between 2000 and 2012. The prognostic systems Okuda, The Cancer of the Liver Italian Program (CLIP), the Chinese University Prognostic Index (CUPI), Groupe d'Etude et de Traitément du Carcinome Hepatocellulaire (GRETCH), the modified TNM-based Japan Integrated Score (JIS) combined with alpha-fetoprotein and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP), the TNM system, and the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Classification (BCLC) were applied to these patients and compared through model fit measurements, likelihood scores, and the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC)...
2018: PloS One
Chao An, Zi-Long Hu, Ping Liang, Zhi-Gang Cheng, Zhi-Yu Han, Jie Yu, Fang-Yi Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to compare the clinical outcomes between ultrasound (US)-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) and surgical resection (SR) in patients with thoracoabdominal wall implants from hepatocellular carcinom (HCC) and to identify the prognostic factors associated with the two treatment methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 47 patients (mean age, 56.7 ± 15.9 years, range, 18-78 years; 34 men and 13 women) with 61 thoracoabdominal wall HCC seeding were included from April 2007 to May 2017...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Karim Bourra, Samir Mazouz
We report the case of a 65-year old patient presenting with well-defined nodular basal cell carcinom measuring 5mm in diameter in the right paramedian nasal tip and the superior margin of the nasal wing, near the free edge. The tumor was removed, with resection margin of 1mm. It was associated with multiple hyperkeratotic lesions spread across his face. The patient was a farmer with a past history of massive sun exposure. He lived in rural, mountainous and remote regions. The nasal tumor had evolved very slowly and very gradually in volume...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Dipanjan Bhattacharjee, K Meena Kumari, S Avin, V Amberkar Mohan Babu
Aromatase inhibitors have often been likened to that of 'medical scalpels' for the treatment of breast carcinoma. By inhibiting the singular step of aromatisation, they have proven to be extremely effective allies in the treatment of breast cancer among postmenopausal women. However, their relevance soon may not be limited to the post-menopausal age group alone. Recent studies have hinted at their utility amongst the premenopausal women; combined with ovarian ablation techniques, aromatase inhibitors may prove to be equally effective and more, as compared to tamoxifen in this age-group...
November 24, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Yifeng Wang, Jine Wang, Yang Yang, Yi Sun, Yuan Yuan, Yulin Li, Changsheng Liu
Although layer-by-layer assembly using anionic and cationic polymer has been a popular way to develop core-shell nanoparticles, the strong electrostatic interactions may limit shell degradability, thus hampering their application as a platform for controlled therapeutic delivery. In this study, we demonstrate a simple approach to developing mesoporous nanohybrids via a process of pre-drug loading (using doxorubicin (DOX) as a model drug) into mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN), followed by surface functionalization with a kind of cationic oligomer (low molecular weight polyethylene imine, LPEI) and in situ crosslinking by degradable N,N'-bis(acryloyl)cystamine (BAC)...
May 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Gang Wan, Fangyuan Gao, Jialiang Chen, Yuxin Li, Mingfan Geng, Le Sun, Yao Liu, Huimin Liu, Xue Yang, Rui Wang, Ying Feng, Xianbo Wang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop an effective nomogram capable of estimating the individual survival outcomes of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and compare the predictive accuracy and discriminative ability with other staging systems. METHODS: The nomogram was established based on a retrospective study of 661 patients newly diagnosed with HCC at the Beijing Ditan Hospital (Beijing, China), Capital Medical University, between October 2008 and July 2012...
January 31, 2017: BMC Cancer
Viviana Parra Vargas, Diego M Aponte, Eligio Antonio Álvarez
Russell bodies gastritis is a very rare disease, with few cases reported in literature, and characterized by the finding of plasma cells with eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions in the gastric mucosa, called Mott cells. Although it has been partnered since its first description to Helicobacter pylori infection, it is important to considered differential diagnoses such as lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, plasmacytoma and signet ring cell carcinom. In this case report, we address a patient with histologic confirmation and her follow up...
January 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Yong-Fa Zhang, Ming Shi, Rong-Ping Guo
BACKGROUND: Transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) is still widely used to treat patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma who have no access to sorafenib in Asia. However, the indication of TACE for these patients has yet to be established. We established an objective point score to guide this decision in patients with advanced-stage hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: We developed a scoring system (MCCT score) based on preoperative data from a cohort of 422 patients receiving TACE as the first treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma from 2006 to 2013 at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China...
October 2016: Lancet
Zhi-Jie Liu, Qiang Shi, Bin Lu, Zhen Zhang, Cheng-Lin Tian
Objective To explore the diffusion pattern of tumor markers (TM) from serum to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) via the blood-brain barrier in patients with elevated serum tumor markers (TM).Methods Inpatients receiving lumbar puncture during hospitalization in our center from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015 were divided into study group (n=181) and control group (n=251). The study group consisted of patients with elevated serum TMs but without malignant central nervous system diseases. The control group consisted of patients with normal serum TM levels and without malignant diseases...
October 10, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Cristina L Cotarelo, Arno Schad, Charles James Kirkpatrick, Jonathan P Sleeman, Erik Springer, Marcus Schmidt, Sonja Thaler
Oncogene-induced senescence is thought to act as a barrier to tumorigenesis by arresting cells at risk of malignant transformation. Nevertheless, numerous findings suggest that senescent cells may conversely promote tumor progression through the development of the senescence-associated secretome they produce. It is likely that the composition and the physiological consequences mediated by the senescence secretome are dependent on the oncogenes that trigger the senescence program. Breast cancer represents a heterogenous disease that can be divided into breast cancer subtypes due to different subsets of genetic and epigenetic abnormalities...
November 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Liang Lu, Ting-Ting Zhao, Tian-Bao Liu, Wen-Xue Sun, Chen Xu, Dong-Dong Li, Hai-Liang Zhu
A series of novel quinazoline derivatives have been designed and synthesized, and their inhibitory activities have also been tested against A549 (carcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial cell), MCF-7 (breast cancer) and HeLa (cervical cancer cell). Of these compounds, compound 4t showed the most potent inhibitory activity (IC50=0.22 µg/mL for HeLa, IC50=0.15 µg/mL for A549 and IC50=0.24 µg/mL for MCF-7). Docking simulation had been performed to position compound 4t into the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) active site to determine the probable binding model...
November 1, 2016: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Arif Malik, Misbah Sultana, Aamer Qazi, Mahmood Husain Qazi, Gulshan Parveen, Sulayman Waquar, Abdul Basit Ashraf, Mahmood Rasool
Cancer originates from genetic mutations accumulation. Cancer stem cells have been depicted as tumorigenic cells that can differentiate and self-renew. Cancer stem cells are thought to be resistant to conventional therapy like chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy damage carcinomic DNA cells. Because of the ability of cancer stem cells to self-renew and reproduce malignant tumors, they are the subject of intensive research. In this review, CSCs radioresistant mechanisms which include DNA damage response and natural radiosensitizers have been summed up...
2016: Analytical Cellular Pathology (Amsterdam)
Jiao Lin, Pengxin Zhang, Lu Pang, Jingying Chen, Wen Sun, Wenjing Qi, Yunyi Lyu, Hongwei Guan, Jingchun Gao
OBJECTIVE: To detect and explore the expression and clinical significance of dual specificity tyrosine phosphorylation regulated kinase1b (Dyrk1b) in the specimens and cells of cervical lesions. METHODS: (1) All the data were collected from 75 patients with cervical cancer and 52 cases with squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL) admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical College during Jan. 2011 to Dec. 2013 and confirmed by pathological examination, included 60 cases of stage Ⅰ and 15 cases of stage Ⅱ, 12 cases with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) and 40 cases with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL)...
January 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
K Batouche, I Mancini, B Filleul, D D Batouche
OBJECTIFS: Le but de ce bref rapport est de fournir des informations spécifiques pour la gestion de syndrome de sécrétion inappropriée d'hormone antidiurétique (SIADH) dans la pratique clinique en oncologie. MéTHODES: Nous rapportons un cas d'hyponatrémie sévère ayant entraîné une prise en charge en soins intensifs et en oncologie. RéSULTATS: Mme DJ 60 ans, aux antécédents d'HTA et tabagisme chronique, admise en janvier 2013 aux urgences de cardiologie pour une poussée d'HTA...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Z Matkovčík, J Hlad
Signet ring cell colorectal carcinoma is a rare aggressive tumor. The incidence of this desease is very low in young patients and accounts up to 1% of all surgical patients with colorectal cancer. The infrequency of the disease among young patients makes the diagnosis more difficult and the prognosis less favourable. Biopsy results are crucial for verification of signet ring cell carcinoma. Treatment is similar as in other types of colorectal cancer. We report a case of signet ring cell colon cancer in a 22 years old female patient...
August 2015: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Li Xu, Zhen-Wei Peng, Min-Shan Chen, Ming Shi, Yao-Jun Zhang, Rong-Ping Guo, Xiao-Jun Lin, Wan-Yee Lau
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To establish an effective prognostic nomogram for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: The nomogram was constructed based on data obtained from a retrospective study on 2938 patients who received TACE as an initial therapy from 2000 to 2008. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability of the nomogram were compared with seven current commonly used staging systems on HCC by using data obtained from a prospective study on a cohort of 647 patients treated from January 2011 to December 2011 at the same institution...
July 2015: Journal of Hepatology
A F Vanin, L A Ostrovskaia, D B Korman, R R Borodulin, L N Kubrina, M M Fomina, N V Bliukhterova, V A Rykova
The anti-tumour dose-dependent effect of binuclear dinitrosyl iron complexes with glutathione as NO donors on solid tumour in the mouse Lewis lung carcinome was detected. The complexes being injected at the doses of 21, 42, 105 mg/kg daily during 10 days blocked completely the development of the tumour for the first week after tumour cell implantation into animals. After that, the part of tumour cells which remained in intact alive state began to grow at the rate equal to that for control animals. The effect was proposed to be caused via the formation of the anti-nitrosative defense system in the cells as a response to NO attack to cells...
May 2014: Biofizika
Rasha H Hussein, Fares K Khalifa
Ellagitannins are esters of glucose with hexahydroxydiphenic acid; when hydrolyzed, they yield ellagic acid (EA), the dilactone of hexahydroxydiphenic acid. EA has been receiving the most attention, because it has potent antioxidant activity, radical scavenging capacity, chemopreventive and antiapoptotic properties. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most frequent primary malignancy of liver, and accounts for as many as one million deaths worldwide in a year. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antioxidant and chemopreventive efficiency of ellagic acid against N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) induced hepatocarcinogenesis in rats...
December 2014: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Filipe Nery, Sylvie Chevret, Bertrand Condat, Emmanuelle de Raucourt, Larbi Boudaoud, Pierre-Emmanuel Rautou, Aurelie Plessier, Dominique Roulot, Cendrine Chaffaut, Valerie Bourcier, Jean-Claude Trinchet, Dominique-Charles Valla
UNLABELLED: In cirrhosis, portal vein thrombosis (PVT) could be a cause or a consequence of the progression of liver disease. We analyzed data from a prospective trial of ultrasound screening for hepatocellular carcinoma in order to identify risk factors for and the impact of PVT in patients with cirrhosis. In all, 1,243 adults with cirrhosis without PVT were enrolled from 43 liver units in France and Belgium between June 2000 and March 2006. The mean follow-up was 47 months. Doppler ultrasonography was used to check the portal vein...
February 2015: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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