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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092853/operative-vaginal-delivery-and-invasive-procedures-in-pregnancy-among-women-living-with-hiv
#1
Helen Peters, Kate Francis, Kate Harding, Pat A Tookey, Claire Thorne
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use and outcomes of operative delivery and invasive procedures in pregnancy amongst women living with HIV. STUDY DESIGN: The National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood (NSHPC) is a comprehensive population-based surveillance study in the UK and Ireland. The NSHPC has collected data on operative delivery since 2008, and invasive procedures in pregnancy (amniocentesis, cordocentesis, chorionic villus sampling) from 2012. Descriptive analyses were conducted on 278 pregnancies expected to deliver from 1 January 2008 with outcome reported to the NSHPC by 31 March 2016...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092812/%C3%AE-14-co2-from-dark-respiration-in-plants-and-its-impact-on-the-estimation-of-atmospheric-fossil-fuel-co2
#2
Xiaohu Xiong, Weijian Zhou, Peng Cheng, Shugang Wu, Zhenchuan Niu, Hua Du, Xuefeng Lu, Yunchong Fu, George S Burr
Radiocarbon ((14)C) has been widely used for quantification of fossil fuel CO2 (CO2ff) in the atmosphere and for ecosystem source partitioning studies. The strength of the technique lies in the intrinsic differences between the (14)C signature of fossil fuels and other sources. In past studies, the (14)C content of CO2 derived from plants has been equated with the (14)C content of the atmosphere. Carbon isotopic fractionation mechanisms vary among plants however, and experimental study on fractionation associated with dark respiration is lacking...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092725/strontium-ranelate-a-promising-disease-modifying-osteoarthritis-drug
#3
Weiyu Han, Shicai Fan, Xiaochun Bai, Changhai Ding
The articular cartilage and subchondral bone may have potential crosstalk in the development and progression of osteoarthritis (OA). Strontium ranelate (SrR) has the ability to dissociate the bone remodeling process and to change the balance between bone resorption and bone formation. Its effect on subchondral bone makes it a potential disease- modifying osteoarthritis drug (DMOAD) in the treatment of OA. The aim of the current review is to summarize up-to-date pharmacological and clinical data of SrR for OA treatment...
January 16, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092523/longitudinal-study-of-automatic-face-recognition
#4
Lacey Best-Rowden, Anil K Jain
The two underlying premises of automatic face recognition are uniqueness and permanence. This paper investigates the permanence property by addressing the following: Does face recognition ability of state-of-the-art systems degrade with elapsed time between enrolled and query face images? If so, what is the rate of decline w.r.t. the elapsed time? While previous studies have reported degradations in accuracy, no formal statistical analysis of large-scale longitudinal data has been conducted. We conduct such an analysis on two mugshot databases, which are the largest facial aging databases studied to date in terms of number of subjects, images per subject, and elapsed times...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092212/systemic-medications-used-in-treatment-of-common-dermatological-conditions-safety-profile-with-respect-to-pregnancy-breast-feeding-and-content-in-seminal-fluid
#5
S M Brown, K A Aljefri, R Waas, P J Hampton
: Prescribing for pregnant or lactating patients and male patients wishing to father children can be a difficult area for dermatologists. There is a lack of review articles of commonly used systemic medications in dermatology with respect to their effects on developing embryogenesis and their potential transfer across the placenta, in breast milk and in seminal fluid. This paper aims to provide an up to date summary of evidence to better equip dermatologists to inform patients about the effects of systemic medications commonly used in dermatology to treat conditions such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis and acne, on current and future embryogenesis and fertility...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092061/status-of-breastfeeding-and-child-immunization-outcomes-in-clients-of-the-nurse-family-partnership
#6
William Thorland, Dustin Currie, Emily R Wiegand, Joe Walsh, Nick Mader
Background The Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) is a home visiting program serving first-time, low-income mothers, with an area of focus on healthy early childhood development. Previous foundational trials of program effect on breastfeeding and immunizations have shown a mix of neutral and positive results. The present evaluation investigates these effects following program scale-up, using a large contemporary cohort of clients. Methods Nurse-Family Partnership client breastfeeding and immunization status were compared to National Survey of Children's Health data and National Immunization Survey data, respectively...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091872/impact-of-revascularization-of-coronary-chronic-total-occlusion-on-left-ventricular-function-and-electrical-stability-analysis-by-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-and-signal-averaged-electrocardiogram
#7
Yohei Sotomi, Atsunori Okamura, Katsuomi Iwakura, Motoo Date, Hiroyuki Nagai, Tomohiro Yamasaki, Yasushi Koyama, Koichi Inoue, Yasushi Sakata, Kenshi Fujii
The present study aimed to assess the mechanisms of effects of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) from two different aspects: left ventricular (LV) systolic function assessed by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) and electrical stability evaluated by late potential on signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG). We conducted a prospective observational study with consecutive CTO-PCI patients. 2D-STE and SAECG were performed before PCI, and after 1-day and 3-months of procedure...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091843/the-incidence-of-post-colonoscopy-colorectal-cancer-a-retrospective-long-term-cohort-study-using-a-colonoscopy-database
#8
Ayako Nakada, Ryota Niikura, Atsuo Yamada, Shuntaro Yoshida, Yoshihiro Hirata, Kazuhiko Koike
PURPOSE: The cumulative incidence of post-colonoscopy colorectal cancer remains unclear. Our aims were to estimate the incidence of and identify risk factors associated with post-colonoscopy colorectal cancer. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the colonoscopy database of the Department of Gastroenterology, the University of Tokyo Hospital Records from1995-2012. A cohort of 2544 patients, who received multiple colonoscopies without colorectal cancer findings at first colonoscopy, was selected...
January 14, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091554/advances-and-environmental-conditions-of-spring-migration-phenology-of-american-white-pelicans
#9
D Tommy King, Guiming Wang, Zhiqiang Yang, Justin W Fischer
Spring migration phenology of birds has advanced under warming climate. Migration timing of short-distance migrants is believed to be responsive to environmental changes primarily under exogenous control. However, understanding the ecological causes of the advancement in avian spring migration phenology is still a challenge due to the lack of long-term precise location data. We used 11 years of Global Positioning System relocation data to determine four different migration dates of the annual migration cycle of the American white pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos), a short-distance migrant...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090708/effect-of-semi-quantitative-culture-results-from-complex-host-surgical-wounds-on-dehiscence-rates
#10
Tammer Elmarsafi, Caitlin S Garwood, John S Steinberg, Karen K Evans, Christopher E Attinger, Paul J Kim
The primary aim of this study was to determine the effect of positive bacterial cultures at the time of closure on dehiscence rates. Pre and post-débridement wound cultures from patients undergoing serial surgical débridement of infected wounds were compared with outcomes 30 days postoperatively. One-hundred patients were enrolled; 35 were excluded for incomplete culture data. Sixty-five patients were evaluated for species counts, including Coagulase negative Staphylococcus, and semi-quantitative culture data for each débridement...
January 16, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089793/eggshell-palaeogenomics-palaeognath-evolutionary-history-revealed-through-ancient-nuclear-and-mitochondrial-dna-from-madagascan-elephant-bird-aepyornis-sp-eggshell
#11
Alicia Grealy, Matthew Phillips, Gifford Miller, M Thomas P Gilbert, Jean-Marie Rouillard, David Lambert, Michael Bunce, James Haile
Palaeognaths, the sister group of all other living birds (neognaths), were once considered to be vicariant relics from the breakup of the Gondwanan supercontinent. However, recent molecular studies instead argue for dispersal of volant ancestors across marine barriers. Resolving this debate hinges upon accurately reconstructing their evolutionary relationships and dating their divergences, which often relies on phylogenetic information from extinct relatives and nuclear genomes. Mitogenomes from the extinct elephant birds of Madagascar have helped inform the palaeognath phylogeny; however, nuclear information has remained unavailable...
January 9, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089219/prognostic-factors-of-epiretinal-membranes-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
A I M Miguel, A Legris
INTRODUCTION: Epiretinal membranes (ERM) have been increasingly characterized with the advent of new optical coherence tomographies (OCTs). We intended to perform a systematic review regarding prognostic factors (PF) of ERM after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic review of electronic databases was performed (last date of search was 10 August 2015): Medline, Scopus, Google Scholar, clinicaltrials.gov and current controlled trials. Search queries included: "membrane", "pucker", "prognosis", "prognostic", "epiretinal", "épirétinienne"...
January 11, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089197/long-term-follow-up-analysis-of-microsurgical-clip-ligation-and-endovascular-coil-embolization-for-dorsal-wall-blister-aneurysms-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#13
Mason A Brown, Cristian F Guandique, Jonathan Parish, Aubrey C McMillan, Stephen Lehnert, Nassir Mansour, Michael Tu, Bradley N Bohnstedt, Troy D Payner, Thomas J Leipzig, Andrew J DeNardo, John A Scott, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol
: Blister aneurysms at non-branching sites of the dorsal internal carotid artery (dICA) are fragile, rare, and often difficult to treat. The purpose of this study is to address the demographics, treatment modalities, and long-term outcome of patients treated for dICA blister aneurysms. A retrospective review of medical records identified all consecutive patients who presented with a blister aneurysm from 2002 to 2011 at our institution. Eighteen patients (M=7, F=11; mean age: 48.4±15...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089082/backcasting-to-identify-food-waste-prevention-and-mitigation-opportunities-for-infant-feeding-in-maternity-services
#14
Yvonne Ryan-Fogarty, Genevieve Becker, Richard Moles, Bernadette O'Regan
Food waste in hospitals is of major concern for two reasons: one, healthcare needs to move toward preventative and demand led models for sustainability and two, food system sustainability needs to seek preventative measures such as diet adaptation and waste prevention. The impact of breast-milk substitute use on health services are well established in literature in terms of healthcare implications, cost and resourcing, however as a food demand and waste management issue little has been published to date. This paper presents the use of a desk based backcasting method to analyse food waste prevention, mitigation and management options within the Irish Maternity Service...
January 6, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088223/predictors-of-long-term-use-of-psychiatric-services-of-patients-with-recent-onset-schizophrenia-12%C3%A2-years-follow-up
#15
Víðir Sigrúnarson, Rolf W Gråwe, Stian Lydersen, Gunnar Morken
BACKGROUND: The aim of study was to investigate predictors of long term use of psychiatric services of patients with recent-onset schizophrenia. METHODS: A cohort of 50 clinically stable patients with recent-onset schizophrenia was included in a randomized controlled trial comparing early integrated treatment with treatment as usual. Recent onset was defined as emergence of psychotic symptoms for the first time during the preceding 2 years. The follow up period was from the date of randomization and until 12 years after termination of treatment trial, 14 years forward...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088214/determinants-and-materno-fetal-outcomes-related-to-cesarean-section-delivery-in-private-and-public-hospitals-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#16
Idrissa Beogo, Bomar Mendez Rojas, Marie-Pierre Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Despite the well-established morbidity, mortality, long-term effects, and unnecessary extra-cost burden associated with cesarean section delivery (CSD) worldwide, its rate has grown exponentially. This has become a great topical challenge for the international healthcare community and individual countries. Estimated at three times the acceptable rate as defined by the World Health Organization in 1985, the continued upward trend has been fuelled by higher income countries...
January 14, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088187/a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-combined-calcitriol-and-ergocalciferol-versus-ergocalciferol-alone-in-chronic-kidney-disease-with-proteinuria
#17
Paweena Susantitaphong, Siriwan Nakwan, Sadudee Peerapornratana, Khajohn Tiranathanagul, Pisut Katavetin, Nattachai Srisawat, Kearkiat Praditpornsilpa, Somchai Eiam-Ong
BACKGROUND: KDOQI guideline suggests that nutritional vitamin D should be supplemented in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients who have vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency. However, there are scarce data regarding the additional benefit of active vitamin D supplement in CKD patients who were receiving nutritional vitamin D supplement. This study was conducted to explore the effect of adding active vitamin D to nutritional vitamin D supplement on proteinuria and kidney function in CKD with vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency...
January 14, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#18
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087697/development-of-high-affinity-and-high-specificity-inhibitors-of-metalloproteinase-14-through-computational-design-and-directed-evolution
#19
Valeria Arkadash, Gal Yosef, Jason Shirian, Itay Cohen, Yuval Horev, Moran Grossman, Irit Sagi, Evette S Radisky, Julia M Shifman, Niv Papo
Degradation of the extracellular matrices in the human body is controlled by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of more than 20 homologous enzymes. Imbalance in MMP activity can result in many diseases, such as arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, fibrosis, and cancers. Thus, MMPs present attractive targets for drug design and have been a focus for inhibitor design for as long as three decades. Yet, to date, all MMP inhibitors have failed in clinical trials because of their broad activity against numerous MMP family members and the serious side effects of the proposed treatment...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087505/2016-update-of-the-asas-eular-management-recommendations-for-axial-spondyloarthritis
#20
Désirée van der Heijde, Sofia Ramiro, Robert Landewé, Xenofon Baraliakos, Filip Van den Bosch, Alexandre Sepriano, Andrea Regel, Adrian Ciurea, Hanne Dagfinrud, Maxime Dougados, Floris van Gaalen, Pál Géher, Irene van der Horst-Bruinsma, Robert D Inman, Merryn Jongkees, Uta Kiltz, Tore K Kvien, Pedro M Machado, Helena Marzo-Ortega, Anna Molto, Victoria Navarro-Compàn, Salih Ozgocmen, Fernando M Pimentel-Santos, John Reveille, Martin Rudwaleit, Jochen Sieper, Percival Sampaio-Barros, Dieter Wiek, Jürgen Braun
To update and integrate the recommendations for ankylosing spondylitis and the recommendations for the use of tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) into one set applicable to the full spectrum of patients with axSpA. Following the latest version of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Standardised Operating Procedures, two systematic literature reviews first collected the evidence regarding all treatment options (pharmacological and non-pharmacological) that were published since 2009...
January 13, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
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