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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471427/health-and-work-in-women-and-men-in-the-welding-and-electrical-trades-how-do-they-differ
#1
Nicola Cherry, Victoria Arrandale, Jeremy Beach, Jean-Michel F Galarneau, Antonia Mannette, Laura Rodgers
Objectives: There is little information on how work tasks, demands, and exposures differ between women and men in nominally the same job. This is critical in setting workplace standards that will protect the health of both men and those women moving into less traditional work roles. Information used in setting standards is currently based almost entirely on male workers. This paper describes differences in work and health, and the relation between them, in women and men who have undergone the same trade training for the welding or electrical trades...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471184/targeting-metabotropic-glutamate-receptors-for-the-treatment-of-neuroinflammation
#2
REVIEW
Francesco Fazio, Martina Ulivieri, Claudia Volpi, Marco Gargaro, Francesca Fallarino
A large body of evidence suggests that neuroinflammation lies at the core of nearly all CNS disorders, including psychiatric disorders. Invading and local immune cells orchestrate the series of events that lead to either tissue repair or damage in response to neuroinflammation. Both lymphocytes and microglia express metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors, which respond to glutamate or other endogenous activators (e.g. some kynurenine metabolites of tryptophan metabolism) influencing immune phenotype and the balance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines...
February 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469218/highly-confined-and-tunable-hyperbolic-phonon-polaritons-in-van-der-waals-semiconducting-transition-metal-oxides
#3
Zebo Zheng, Jianing Chen, Yu Wang, Ximiao Wang, Xiaobo Chen, Pengyi Liu, Jianbin Xu, Weiguang Xie, Huanjun Chen, Shaozhi Deng, Ningsheng Xu
2D van der Waals (vdW) layered polar crystals sustaining phonon polaritons (PhPs) have opened up new avenues for fundamental research and optoelectronic applications in the mid-infrared to terahertz ranges. To date, 2D vdW crystals with PhPs are only experimentally demonstrated in hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) slabs. For optoelectronic and active photonic applications, semiconductors with tunable charges, finite conductivity, and moderate bandgaps are preferred. Here, PhPs are demonstrated with low loss and ultrahigh electromagnetic field confinements in semiconducting vdW α-MoO3 ...
February 22, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468852/dye-incorporated-polynaphthalenediimide-acceptor-for-additive-free-high-performance-all-polymer-solar-cells
#4
Dong Chen, Jia Yao, Jingping Yin, Ruizhi Lv, Bin Huang, Siqi Liu, Chunhe Yang, Zhiguo Zhang, Lie Chen, Yiwang Chen, Yongfang Li
All-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs) can offer unique advantages for applications in flexible devices, and naphthalene diimide (NDI)-based polymer acceptors are the widely used polymer acceptors. However, their power conversion efficiency (PCE) still lags behind that of state-of-the-art polymer solar cells, due to low light absorption, suboptimal energy levels and the strong aggregation of the NDI-based polymer acceptor. In this work, by means of simple random copolymerization, a rhodanine-based dye molecule was introduced into the NDI-based polymer acceptor and showed an improved light absorption coefficient, an up-shifted lowest unoccupied molecular orbital level and reduced crystallization...
February 22, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468491/prenatal-diagnosis-of-mediastinal-neurenteric-cyst-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Ali Çay, İbrahim Aydoğdu, Semih Lütfü Mirapoglu, Hüseyin Toprak
Neurenteric cyst is a very rare developmental anomaly. Prenatal diagnosis of mediastinal neurenteric cysts has been reported rarely. We present a case of neurenteric cyst associated with vertebral anomalies diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography at 31 weeks of gestation, which was treated successfully in the early neonatal period. In addition, we searched the English literature for all cases of mediastinal neurenteric cyst diagnosed in the prenatal period reported to date. We found that only 17 cases were reported previously...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468445/tumor-microenvironment-after-biodegradable-bcnu-wafer-implantation-special-consideration-of-immune-system
#6
Ichiyo Shibahara, Mitsuto Hanihara, Takashi Watanabe, Mitsuru Dan, Sumito Sato, Hiroki Kuroda, Akinori Inamura, Madoka Inukai, Atsuko Hara, Yoshie Yasui, Toshihiro Kumabe
Biomaterials to treat cancers hold therapeutic potential; however, their translation to bedside treatment requires further study. The carmustine (1,3-bis (2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea; BCNU) wafer, a biodegradable polymer, currently is the only drug that is able to be placed at the surgical site to treat malignant tumors. However, how this wafer affects the surrounding tumor microenvironment is not well understood to date. We retrospectively reviewed all patients with glioblastoma treated with and without BCNU wafers who underwent repeat resection at tumor recurrence...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468093/integration-of-health-coaching-concepts-and-skills-into-clinical-practice-among-vha-providers-a-qualitative-study
#7
David A Collins, Kirsten Thompson, Katharine A Atwood, Melissa H Abadi, David L Rychener, Leigh Ann Simmons
Background: Although studies of health coaching for behavior change in chronic disease prevention and management are increasing, to date no studies have reported on what concepts and skills providers integrate into their clinical practice following participation in health coaching courses. The purpose of this qualitative study was to assess Veterans Health Administration (VHA) providers' perceptions of the individual-level and system-level changes they observed after participating with colleagues in a 6-day Whole Health Coaching course held in 8 VHA medical centers nationwide...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467818/knowledge-transfer-a-worldwide-challenge-in-child-mental-health-a-recommendation-to-the-readership-of-capmh-concerning-the-revised-version-of-the-iacapap-textbook-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-health
#8
Anna T Maier, Rebecca C Brown, Joerg M Fegert
Background: Transfer of knowledge is an important issue throughout all scientific disciplines, especially in the medical and psycho-social field. The issue of worldwide knowledge transfer in child mental health is one of the aims and goals of the journal Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health (CAPMH). The demand for mental health training is high worldwide, and especially in low- to lower-middle income countries, where inadequate access to knowledge resources in the field of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is prevalent...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467138/-pathways-patient-centred-decision-counselling-for-women-at-risk-of-cancer-related-infertility-a-protocol-for-a-comparative-effectiveness-cluster-randomised-trial
#9
Terri Lynn Woodard, Aubri S Hoffman, Laura C Crocker, Deborah A Holman, Derek B Hoffman, Jusheng Ma, Roland L Bassett, Viola B Leal, Robert J Volk
INTRODUCTION: National guidelines recommend that all reproductive-age women with cancer be informed of their fertility risks and offered referral to fertility specialists to discuss fertility preservation options. However, reports indicate that only 5% of patients have consultations, and rates of long-term infertility-related distress remain high. Previous studies report several barriers to fertility preservation; however, initial success has been reported using provider education, patient decision aids and navigation support...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466592/effect-of-low-fat-vs-low-carbohydrate-diet-on-12-month-weight-loss-in-overweight-adults-and-the-association-with-genotype-pattern-or-insulin-secretion-the-dietfits-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Christopher D Gardner, John F Trepanowski, Liana C Del Gobbo, Michelle E Hauser, Joseph Rigdon, John P A Ioannidis, Manisha Desai, Abby C King
Importance: Dietary modification remains key to successful weight loss. Yet, no one dietary strategy is consistently superior to others for the general population. Previous research suggests genotype or insulin-glucose dynamics may modify the effects of diets. Objective: To determine the effect of a healthy low-fat (HLF) diet vs a healthy low-carbohydrate (HLC) diet on weight change and if genotype pattern or insulin secretion are related to the dietary effects on weight loss...
February 20, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466536/association-of-time-to-attrition-in-surgical-residency-with-individual-resident-and-programmatic-factors
#11
Heather L Yeo, Jonathan S Abelson, Matthew M Symer, Jialin Mao, Fabrizio Michelassi, Richard Bell, Art Sedrakyan, Julie A Sosa
Importance: Attrition in general surgery residency remains high, and attrition that occurs in the later years is the most worrisome. Although several studies have retrospectively investigated the timing of attrition, no study to date has prospectively evaluated a national cohort of residents to understand which residents are at risk for attrition and at what point during residency. Objective: To prospectively evaluate individual resident and programmatic factors associated with the timing of attrition during general surgery residency...
February 21, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466283/the-relationship-between-maternal-nutrition-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-kidney-structure-and-function-in-humans-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Yu Qi Lee, Clare E Collins, Adrienne Gordon, Kym M Rae, Kirsty G Pringle
The intrauterine environment is critical for fetal growth and organ development. Evidence from animal models indicates that the developing kidney is vulnerable to suboptimal maternal nutrition and changes in health status. However, evidence from human studies are yet to be synthesised. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to systematically review current research on the relationship between maternal nutrition during pregnancy and offspring kidney structure and function in humans. A search of five databases identified 9501 articles, of which three experimental and seven observational studies met the inclusion criteria...
February 21, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465646/new-human-immunodeficiency-virus-diagnoses-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-std-clinics-std-surveillance-network-january-2010-to-june-2013
#13
Eloisa Llata, Jim Braxton, Lenore Asbel, Roxanne P Kerani, Ryan Murphy, River Pugsley, Preeti Pathela, Christina Schumacher, Irina Tabidze, Hillard S Weinstock
OBJECTIVE: To estimate new HIV diagnosis rates among HIV negative MSM who are repeatedly tested for HIV in sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics, and assess the impact of demographic and disease-specific characteristics that are associated with higher HIV diagnosis rates. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis using 2010-2013 data from the STD Surveillance Network (SSuN), a sentinel surveillance system comprised of health departments in 12 cities conducting sentinel surveillance in 40 STD clinics...
February 7, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465607/the-efficacy-of-heart-rate-variability-in-tracking-travel-and-training-stress-in-youth-female-rowers-a-preliminary-study
#14
Julian D Egan-Shuttler, Rohan Edmonds, Stephen J Ives
(248 words)Heart rate (HR) variability (HRV) is a reliable indicator of cardiac parasympathetic activity and has been used in athletic populations to measure training adaptations. To date, there is limited research showing whether HRV is practical in youth female athletes and rowers during short periods of overload training. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the practicality of HRV in documenting training responses during a period of overload training in youth female rowers...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465473/characteristics-of-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-related-chronic-liver-diseases-just-before-the-era-of-oral-direct-acting-antiviral-therapy-in-italy
#15
Evangelista Sagnelli, Tommaso Stroffolini, Caterina Sagnelli, Bruno Cacopardo, Angelo Andriulli, Sergio Babudieri, Nicola Coppola, Giovanni B Gaeta, Piero L Almasio
BACKGROUND: In 2017, oral direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection became available free of charge for all HCV-RNA-positive patients, irrespective of their fibrosis stage. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of HCV-related chronic liver disease (CLD) in Italy just before the introduction of DAA therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with CLD were enrolled in two national surveys conducted in 2001 and in 2014...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465425/optimization-of-nutrition-during-allogeneic-hematologic-stem-cell-transplantation
#16
Annic Baumgartner, Katja Hoskin, Philipp Schuetz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Malnutrition before and during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an independent risk factor for mortality in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Yet, optimal use of nutritional support to improve outcomes remains controversial. Our aim was to do an up-to-date literature review regarding nutritional therapy in allogeneic HSCT, the neutropenic diet and the use of immunonutrients. RECENT FINDINGS: Several observational studies find malnutrition to be associated with poor outcome, increased complications and lower overall survival...
February 19, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465176/nurses-experiences-of-providing-care-to-bereaved-families-who-experience-unexpected-death-in-intensive-care-units-a-narrative-overview
#17
Aalia Shariff, Joanne Olson, Anna Santos Salas, Lisa Cranley
BACKGROUND: Death is a common occurrence in intensive care units (IC Us) and the complexity of care makes it difficult for nurses to find a balance between the patient's physical needs and the family's emotional needs, especially in circumstances of unexpected death. Cumulative or unresolved grief for families can have lasting negative repercussions. Nurses, therefore, need access to bereavement education in order to provide optimal- bereavement support. PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to identify challenges and facilitators that nurses experience in delivering bereavement support during and after sudden or unexpected death in ICUs...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Critical Care Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464160/earfold-implantable-clip-system-for-correction-of-prominent-ears-analysis-of-safety-in-403-patients
#18
Norbert V Kang, Nilesh Sojitra, Sinisa Glumicic, Jacobus A Vlok, Greg O'Toole, S Alam Hannan, Walid Sabbagh
Background: The Earfold system, a new treatment for the correction of prominent ears, consists of 3 components: the Earfold implant, the Earfold introducer, and the Prefold positioner. Methods: This is an interim report based on an ongoing analysis of safety in a series of patients treated for prominent ears with the Earfold implant between February 2013 and September 2014. Safety was assessed based on adverse event reports and the need for implant revision; follow-up is ongoing...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463488/digital-health-interventions-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-qualitative-study-of-patient-perspectives-on-diabetes-self-management-education-and-support
#19
Kingshuk Pal, Charlotte Dack, Jamie Ross, Susan Michie, Carl May, Fiona Stevenson, Andrew Farmer, Lucy Yardley, Maria Barnard, Elizabeth Murray
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing globally, and health services in many countries are struggling with the morbidity, mortality, and costs associated with the complications of this long-term condition. Diabetes self-management education (DSME) and behavioral support can reduce the risks of developing diabetes-related complications and improve glycemic control. However, their uptake is low. Digital health interventions (DHI) can provide sustained support and may overcome challenges associated with attending diabetes self-management sessions...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463476/defibulation-a-visual-reference-and-learning-tool
#20
Jasmine Abdulcadir, Sandra Marras, Lucrezia Catania, Omar Abdulcadir, Patrick Petignat
Female genital mutilation type III (infibulation) is achieved by narrowing the vaginal orifice by creating a covering seal, accomplished by cutting and appositioning the labia minora and/or labia majora, with or without clitoral excision. Infibulation is responsible for significant urogynecological, obstetrical, and psychosexual consequences that can be treated with defibulation (or de-infibulation), an operation that opens the infibulation scar, exposing the vulvar vestibule, vaginal orifice, external urethral meatus, and eventually the clitoris...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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