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Serena Parnanzone, Dario Serrone, Maria Cristina Rossetti, Simona D'Onofrio, Alessandra Splendiani, Valeria Micelli, Alessandro Rossi, Francesca Pacitti
Schizophrenia is a common, severe and chronically disabling mental illness. Most of MRI studies in schizophrenia suggest the involvement of white matter (WM) pathology in multiple cerebral regions in the neurobiology of this condition. White matter fiber tracts connecting numerous cortical regions have been the focus of a number of studies using a magnetic resonance technique called “Diffusion Tensor Imaging” (DTI). A literature search of published DTI studies was conducted using the major database National Centre for Biotechnology information (NCBI) PubMed (MEDLINE)...
March 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
Cristiano Carlone, Enrico Pompili, Cristiana Silvestrini, Giuseppe Nicolò
RIASSUNTO. La sindrome di Turner (ST) è una malattia neurogenetica caratterizzata da parziale o completa monosomia-X, di solito risultante da una non disgiunzione cromosomica sporadica. Si tratta di una delle più comuni anomalie dei cromosomi sessuali, colpendo circa 1 su 2.000 femmine nate vive. Nessuna condizione psichiatrica è stata tradizionalmente legata alla ST, ed essa non è menzionata nel DSM-IV. Nel mondo, tuttavia, sono riportati casi di ST concomitanti con patologia schizofrenica e/o con sintomatologia psicotica...
July 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Roberto Brugnoli, Chiara Rapinesi, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Andrea Marcellusi, Francesco S Mennini, Sergio De Filippis, Dario Carrus, Andrea Ballerini, Antonio Francomano, Giuseppe Ducci, Antonio Del Casale, Paolo Girardi
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a severe mental disease that affects approximately 1% of the population with a relevant chronic impact on social and occupational functioning and daily activities. People with schizophrenia are 2-2.5 times more likely to die early than the general population. Non-adherence to antipsychotic medications, both in chronic and first episode schizophrenia, is one of the most important risk factors for relapse and hospitalization, that consequently contributes to increased costs due to psychiatric hospitalization...
March 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Ilaria Santini, Paolo Stratta, Simona D'Onofrio, Ida De Lauretis, Valeria Santarelli, Francesca Pacitti, Alessandro Rossi
INTRODUCTION: The metabolic syndrome (MS) is an area of interest for mental health research because individuals with mental illnesses have an increased risk of medical morbidity and mortality compared with the general population. This cross-sectional study is aimed to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in an Italian psychiatric sample, treated with different types of antipsychotics. METHODS: The data were derived from medical records of patient with affective and non-affective psychosis, admitted to the Hospital of L'Aquila psychiatric ward, from January 2012 to July 2014...
January 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Cristiano Piovan, Laura Gava, Mara Campeol
AIM: Over past few decades, studies displayed Theory of Mind (ToM) as a system, including cognitive and affective features, rather than an unitary process. Within domains defining social cognition, ToM stands for the best predictor of poor social functioning in schizophrenia. The current study aimed to explore competence in ToM tasks, in metaphorical and idiomatic language identification tasks and in a conversational rules observance test, as well as relationship with social functioning, in a group of outpatients suffering from schizophrenia...
January 2016: Rivista di Psichiatria
Vesna Stefanović, Goran Mihajlović, Milutin Nenadović, Slavica Djukić Dejanović, Milica Borovcanin, Goran Trajković
BACKGROUND/AIM: Immune system disorder, including inflammation, takes a significant place when considering still unclear etiology of schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to determine the blood levels of nonspecific inflammation markers in the first episode of schizophrenia and their relation to the therapy response. METHODS: In this study we determined the blood levels of nonspecific inflammation markers: white blood cells count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocytes sedimentation rate (ESR) and the elements of differential white blood cell counts (or the leukocyte formula): granulocytes (Gra), lymphocytes (Lym) and monocytes (Mon), in the first episode of schizofrenia, in 78 patients hospitalized at the Clinic for Psychiatric Disorders "Dr Laza Lazarević" in Belgrade...
December 2015: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
D Primavera, R Carta, T Lepori, L Sanna, B Carpiniello
AIMS: Outcome of psychotic disorders, particularly schizophrenia and related disorders, seems to be associated, among a number of other factors, to the latency of treatment of irst episode (duration of untreated psychosis, DUP); indeed, outcome seems to be worse in subjects with a longer DUP. However, few studies addressed the topic of long term outcome and DUP as regard to cognitive functioning, though the latter plays a crucial role in explaining a significant proportion of disability both in non-affective and affective psychoses...
2013: La Clinica Terapeutica
L Vítek
Oxidative stress contributes importantly to pathogenesis of numerous civilization diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, as well as autoimmune and neurodegenerative conditions. Bilirubin is the major product of the heme catabolic pathway in the intravascular compartment. For long time, bilirubin was considered to be only a waste product, however, recent data from the last 2 decades have proved its important antioxidant properties, which contributes to defense against increased oxidative stress...
July 2013: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Ana Maria Sertori Durão, Maria Conceição Bernardo Mello e Souza, Adriana Inocenti Miasso
This study was carried out with a sample of 11 patients who are part of the atypical medication group at the Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto's School of Medicine. For data collection semi-structured interviews guided by a script were held in April 2003. The interviews were first taped and fully transcribed afterwards. Results indicated an improvement in patients' symptoms, demonstrated by decreased social isolation, resumption of home/work activities and studies, as well as by participation in social events...
June 2007: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 1958: Minerva Medica
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1974: Ceskoslovenská Psychiatrie
M Clerici, J Beltz, C Bressi, P Bertrando, G Invernizzi, C L Cazzullo
Over a four year period, the Schizophrenia Research Association (A.R.S. - Associazione Ricerche sulla Schizofrenia) has drawn up a multi-dimensional plan of action for the families of schizophrenic subjects. The basic points of this plan revolve around advice to the family and group therapy for family members, split into "informative" and "relationship orientation" sessions. Conducting an assessment of Expressed Emotion on family members admitted to these groups, it was observed that their emotional make-up is very different from that of family members of schizophrenics selected on the basis of casual criteria...
January 1989: Acta Psychiatrica Belgica
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