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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432785/phosphorylation-of-irhom2-at-the-plasma-membrane-controls-mammalian-tace-dependent-inflammatory-and-growth-factor-signalling
#1
Adam Graham Grieve, Hongmei Xu, Ulrike Künzel, Paul Bambrough, Boris Sieber, Matthew Freeman
Proteolytic cleavage and release from the cell surface of membrane-tethered ligands is an important mechanism of regulating intercellular signalling. TACE is a major shedding protease, responsible for the liberation of the inflammatory cytokine TNFα and ligands of the epidermal growth factor receptor. iRhoms, catalytically inactive members of the rhomboid-like superfamily, have been shown to control the ER-to-Golgi transport and maturation of TACE. Here, we reveal that iRhom2 remains associated with TACE throughout the secretory pathway, and is stabilised at the cell surface by this interaction...
April 22, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430638/adjuvant-celecoxib-and-lanreotide-following-transarterial-chemoembolisation-for-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-randomized-pilot-study
#2
Huan Tong, Bo Wei, Shuang Chen, Yong-Mei Xie, Ming-Guang Zhang, Lin-Hao Zhang, Zhi-Yin Huang, Cheng-Wei Tang
Recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) is common due to neoangiogenesis. Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and somatostatin analogues were reported to inhibit tumour angiogenesis. The pilot randomized controlled trial was aimed to prospectively evaluate the protocol of TACE combined with celecoxib and lanreotide (TACE+C+L) in patients with unresectable and advanced HCC. A total of 71 patients with HCC were enrolled and randomly assigned to either TACE (n=35) or TACE+C+L (n=36) group...
February 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429395/shrna-knock-down-of-cxcr7-inhibits-tumour-invasion-and-metastasis-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization
#3
Zhong-Wei Zhao, Xiao-Xi Fan, Jing-Jing Song, Min Xu, Min-Jiang Chen, Jian-Fei Tu, Fa-Zong Wu, Deng-Ke Zhang, Lu Liu, Li Chen, Xi-Hui Ying, Jian-Song Ji
To investigate the effects of lentiviral vector-mediated shRNA suppressing CXCR7 on tumour invasion and metastasis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). HCCLM3 cell lines were cultured and assigned into the CXCR7-shRNA, negative control (NC) and blank groups. The qRT-PCR and Western blotting were applied to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of CXCR7, CXCR4 and MMP-2 in HCCLM3 cells. Cell proliferation and invasion were evaluated by MTT and Transwell assays...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427829/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-hepatic-resection-versus-transarterial-chemoembolization-for-solitary-large-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#4
REVIEW
Claire L Stevens, Andrew Awad, Saleh M Abbas, David A K Watters
BACKGROUND: Surgical techniques and pre-operative patient evaluation have improved since the initial development of the Barcelona clinic liver cancer staging system. The optimal treatment for solitary hepatocellular carcinoma ≥5 cm remains unclear. The aim of this study was to review the long-term survival outcomes of hepatic resection versus transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) for solitary large tumours. METHODS: EMBASE, MEDLINE, Pubmed and the Cochrane database were searched for studies comparing resection with TACE for solitary HCC ≥5 cm...
April 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425822/association-of-hepatic-vein-lipiodol-tram-track-sign-during-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-with-perioperative-death
#5
Hongwei Zhao, Fuquan Liu, Zhendong Yue, Lei Wang, Zhenhua Fan, Fuliang He
Objective To assess the relationship between the hepatic vein Lipiodol tram-track sign during transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and perioperative death. Methods Patients treated for hepatic carcinoma at the Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2010 to December 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. The patients underwent hepatic TACE with Lipiodol. The incidence of the hepatic vein Lipiodol tram-track sign, prognosis, and possible risk factors were analyzed. Results A total of 5372 patients underwent hepatic TACE and had complete available intraoperative imaging data...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423370/transarterial-chemoembolization-combined-with-jie-du-granule-preparation-improves-the-survival-outcomes-of-patients-with-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Hetong Zhao, Xiaofeng Zhai, Zhe Chen, Xuying Wan, Lanyu Chen, Feng Shen, Changquan Ling
The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), TACE combined with Jie-du granules (JD), and TACE combined with sorafenib (SOR) for treating patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). For this purpose, we conducted a retrospective analysis of data from 266 consecutive patients with unresectable HCC who underwent TACE treatment at the Shanghai Hospital and Eastern Hepatic Surgery Hospital between Jan 2009 and Dec 2010. We prospectively analyzed patient survival and progression times as well as independent predictors, within a follow-up period of 86 months...
April 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422858/350-560%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-gelatin-sponge-particles-combined-with-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-for-the-treatment-of-elderly-hepatocellular-carcinoma-the-safety-and-efficacy
#7
Guang Sheng Zhao, Chuang Li, Ying Liu, Zhi Zhong Ren, Xiao Lin Yuan, Jun Zhou, Yue Wei Zhang, Ming Zhang
To retrospectively analyze the safety and efficacy of 350-560 μm gelatin sponge particles combined with single-chemotherapy drug transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (Gs-TACE) for the treatment of elderly hepatocellular carcinoma without surgical resection.Thirty elderly hepatocellular carcinoma patients without surgical resection, who received Gs-TACE in our hospital, were selected. Slowly injected gelatin sponge particles (350-560 μm)+ 10 mg lobaplatin injection into the regional embolization tumor target vessel...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418927/transarterial-chemoembolization-combined-with-computed-tomography-guided-125iodine-implantation-enhances-survival-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-with-portal-vein-tumor-thrombus
#8
Hong Tao Hu, Jun Peng Luo, Hai-Liang Li, Chen Yang Guo, Quan Jun Yao, Xiang Geng, Li Jiang
We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with computed tomography-guided 125iodine implantation (TACE-125iodine) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with type B portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT). From medical records, we determined that 50 patients who received 125iodine implantation 4-7 days after the first TACE session showed better survival than 50 patients who received only TACE (median survival, 13.1 vs. 6.0 months; P<0...
March 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415810/comparison-of-two-transarterial-chemoembolization-regimens-in-patients-with-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-raltitrexed-plus-oxaliplatin-versus-5-fluorouracil-plus-oxaliplatin
#9
Wei Cui, Wenzhe Fan, Qun Zhang, Jia Wen, Yonghui Huang, Jianyong Yang, Jiaping Li, Yu Wang
AIMS: To compare the safety and efficacy of TACE using raltitrexed, oxaliplatin and epirubicin with 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin and epirubicin for patients with unresectable hepatocelluar carcinoma. RESULTS: Median overall survival (OS) was 7.4 months in the raltitrexed group [95% confidence interval (CI): 5.4, 9.4) and 5.8 months in the control group (95% CI: 5.2, 6.4; P = 0.177). The median progression-free survival (PFS) time was significantly higher in the raltitrexed group (3...
March 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412413/activation-of-muscarinic-receptors-prevents-tnf-%C3%AE-mediated-intestinal-epithelial-barrier-disruption-through-p38-mapk
#10
Junsuke Uwada, Takashi Yazawa, Md Tariqul Islam, Md Rafiqul Islam Khan, Susanne M Krug, Michael Fromm, Shin-Ichiro Karaki, Yuichi Suzuki, Atsukazu Kuwahara, Hatsumi Yoshiki, Kiyonao Sada, Muramatsu, Takanobu Taniguchi
Intestinal epithelial cells form a tight barrier to act as selective physical barriers, repelling hostile substances. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a well characterized pro-inflammatory cytokine which can compromise intestinal barrier function and the suppression of TNF-α function is important for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this study, we investigated the contribution of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-induced signalling pathways to the maintenance of epithelial barrier function...
April 12, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406546/role-of-hepatic-resection-in-patients-with-intermediate-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-multicenter-study-from-japan
#11
Toshifumi Tada, Takashi Kumada, Hidenori Toyoda, Kunihiko Tsuji, Atsushi Hiraoka, Ei Itobayashi, Kazuhiro Nouso, Kazuya Kariyama, Toru Ishikawa, Masashi Hirooka, Yoichi Hiasa
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is recommended for patients with intermediate-stage (Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) criteria B, BCLC-B) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, patients with BCLC-B HCC can differ in background factors related to hepatic function as well as tumor size and number. In the present study, we clarified the role of hepatic resection in patients with BCLC-B HCC. A total of 489 BCLC-B HCC patients with Child-Pugh class A disease initially treated with hepatic resection or TACE were included...
April 12, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404963/tumor-socs3-methylation-status-predicts-the-treatment-response-to-tace-and-prognosis-in-hcc-patients
#12
Bei-Ge Jiang, Neng Wang, Jian Huang, Yuan Yang, Liang-Liang Sun, Ze-Ya Pan, Wei-Ping Zhou
BACKGROUND: Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 1 and 3 methylation have been associated with clinical features and outcomes of cancer patients. However, their roles in determining the treatment response to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unknown. RESULTS: We found that presence of SOCS3 methylation is significantly associated with the major clinical features of HCC patients, including tumor stage, lymph node and vascular invasion...
March 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402958/thalidomide-combined-with-thanscatheter-artierial-chemoembolzation-for-primary-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
De-Dong Cao, Hui-Lin Xu, Liang Liu, Yong-Fa Zheng, Si-Fa Gao, Xi-Ming Xu, Wei Ge
OBJECTIVE: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and thalidomide have been used for treating primary hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC). This study aims to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of thalidomide and TACE in primary HCC. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials(RCTs) about efficacy and safety of thalidomide combined with TACE for primary HCC were identified from the Cochrane Library, Pubmed, Embase, CNKI, and Wan Fang until August, 2016. The retrieved trials were reviewed and the data were extracted by two reviewers, independently...
March 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397025/hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-children-and-adolescents-clinical-characteristics-and-treatment
#14
Juncheng Wang, Yize Mao, Yongcheng Liu, Zhenxin Chen, Minshan Chen, Xiangming Lao, Shengping Li
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurs rarely in children and adolescents (C&A), and its clinical characteristics, prognostic factors, and treatment were rarely explored. METHODS: This retrospective study focused on 65 HCC patients aged ≤20 years from August 1994 to August 2012. Cox regression models and Kaplan-Meier curves were used to investigate prognostic factors and compare overall survival (OS), respectively. RESULTS: We found 61...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392205/radiofrequency-vs-microwave-ablation-after-neoadjuvant-transarterial-bland-and-drug-eluting-microsphere-chembolization-for-the-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Lindsay M Thornton, Roniel Cabrera, Melissa Kapp, Michael Lazarowicz, Jeffrey D Vogel, Beau B Toskich
AIM: To retrospectively compare the initial response, local recurrence, and complication rates of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) vs microwave ablation (MWA) when combined with neoadjuvant bland transarterial embolization (TAE) or drug-eluting microsphere chemoembolization (TACE) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: A total of 35 subjects with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) very early and early-stage HCC (range: 1.2-4.1cm) underwent TAE (23) or TACE (12) with RFA (15) or microwave ablation (MWA) (20) from January 2009 to June 2015 as either definitive therapy or a bridge to transplant...
February 20, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390866/activation-of-transforming-growth-factor-beta-1-signaling-in-gastric-cancer-associated-fibroblasts-increases-their-motility-via-expression-of-rhomboid-5-homolog-2-and-ability-to-induce-invasiveness-of-gastric-cancer-cells
#16
Takatsugu Ishimoto, Keisuke Miyake, Tannistha Nandi, Masakazu Yashiro, Nobuyuki Onishi, Kie Kyon Huang, Suling Joyce Lin, Ramnarayanan Kalpana, Su Ting Tay, Yuka Suzuki, Byoung Chul Cho, Daisuke Kuroda, Kota Arima, Daisuke Izumi, Masaaki Iwatsuki, Yoshifumi Baba, Eiji Oki, Masayuki Watanabe, Hideyuki Saya, Kosei Hirakawa, Hideo Baba, Patrick Tan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fibroblasts that interact with cancer cells are called cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs)-they promote progression of different tumor types. We investigated the characteristics and functions of CAFs in diffuse-type gastric cancers (DGCs) by analyzing features of their genome and gene expression patterns. METHODS: We isolated CAFs and adjacent non-cancer fibroblasts (NFs) from 110 GC tissues from patients who underwent gastrectomy in Japan from 2008 through 2016...
April 5, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389996/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-sorafenib-on-overall-survival-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-using-ft-rate-a-devised-index
#17
Takamasa Ohki, Mayuko Kondo, Yuki Karasawa, Satoshi Kawamura, Shuuya Maeshima, Kentaro Kojima, Michiharu Seki, Nobuo Toda, Yoshinobu Shioda, Kazumi Tagawa
INTRODUCTION: Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the first-line treatment for intermediate stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and prolongs survival in HCC patients. However, repeated TACE results in diminished therapeutic response. In addition, the superiority of sorafenib to TACE monotherapy or combined therapy in patients with HCC is still controversial. The prognosis of HCC has many variables and, thus, the effect of a specific treatment is difficult to evaluate. The frequency of treatments per year (FT rate) used in this study was obtained by dividing the total number of radiofrequency ablations and TACE or transcatheter arterial infusion treatments by the years of survival...
April 7, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386283/rare-gingival-metastasis-by-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Li-Jun Xue, Xiao-Bei Mao, Jian Geng, Ya-Nan Chen, Qian Wang, Xiao-Yuan Chu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) uncommonly metastasizes to the gingiva, which always means a poor outcome. We reported a rare HCC case with multiple metastases to gingiva, lungs, and brain. A 60-year-old man was initially diagnosed as HCC with metastases to double lungs. He was subjected to a transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) (5-fluorouracil, 750 mg) and two cycles of intravenous chemotherapy (gemcitabine 1.8 g at days 1 and 8, oxaliplatin 200 mg at day 2, every 4 weeks). However, the volume of liver tumor still increased...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384187/target-localization-of-3d-versus-4d-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-lipiodol-guided-stereotactic-radiotherapy-of-hepatocellular-carcinomas
#19
Mark Chan, Chi Leung Chiang, Venus Lee, Steven Cheung, Ronnie Leung, Matthew Wong, Frankle Lee, Oliver Blanck
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate the accuracy of respiration-correlated (4D) and uncorrelated (3D) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in localizing lipiodolized hepatocellular carcinomas during stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). METHODS: 4D-CBCT scans of eighteen HCCs were acquired during free-breathing SBRT following trans-arterial chemo-embolization (TACE) with lipiodol. Approximately 1320 x-ray projections per 4D-CBCT were collected and phase-sorted into ten bins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374075/potentiation-of-doxorubicin-efficacy-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-the-dna-repair-inhibitor-dt01-in-preclinical-models
#20
Nirmitha I Herath, Flavien Devun, Aurélie Herbette, Marie-Christine Lienafa, Philippe Chouteau, Jian-Sheng Sun, Marie Dutreix, Alban Denys
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the antitumour effect of the DNA repair inhibitor, DT01 (the cholesterol conjugated form of Dbait), as an adjunct treatment to enhance the therapeutic efficacy of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in pre-clinical models of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: A rabbit model bearing liver tumours was either left untreated or treated with TACE or with a combination of TACE+DT01. Tumour growth was monitored by ultrasound...
April 3, 2017: European Radiology
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