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Zachary Gross, Ashkon Rahbari, Eric Wirtschafter, Tanya M Spektor, Kyle A Udd, Sean Bujarski, Michael Ghermezi, Jason D Nosrati, Aleksandra Vidisheva, Benjamin Eades, Gary Cecchi, Tina Maluso, Regina Swift, James R Berenson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of elotuzumab and dexamethasone (Ed) for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) patients. METHOD: This retrospective study evaluated the efficacy and safety of (Ed) treatment for 21 RRMM patients, 11 of whom were considered lenalidomide-refractory, and all of whom had progressed on at least 1 prior steroid-containing regimen. We also evaluated the efficacy of adding lenalidomide to a subset of patients following progression from Ed...
March 10, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
Luc Cabel, Alina Fuerea, Ludovic Lacroix, Capucine Baldini, Patricia Martin, Antoine Hollebecque, Sophie Postel-Vinay, Andrea Varga, Rastilav Balheda, Anas Gazzah, Jean-Marie Michot, Aurélien Marabelle, Etienne Rouleau, Eric Solary, Thierry De Baere, Eric Angevin, Jean-Pierre Armand, Stefan Michiels, Jean Yves Scoazec, Samy Ammari, Fabrice André, Jean-Charles Soria, Christophe Massard, Loic Verlingue
A targeted therapy is recommended in case of ERBB2 alteration for breast and gastric carcinomas, but miscellaneous other tumor types are ERBB2- altered at low prevalence. Broadening the administration of HER2 inhibitors across tumor types and genomic alterations could benefit to patients with refractory metastatic tumors. Targeted next-generation-sequencing (tNGS) and comparative genomic hybridization array (CGH) have been performed on fresh tumor biopsies of patients included in the MOSCATO-01 and ongoing MOSCATO-02 trials to administrate HER2 inhibitors in case of ERBB2 pathogenic mutation of amplification...
February 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Kensuke Yamauchi, Shinnosuke Nogami, Yoshihiro Kataoka, Shigeto Koyama, Bernd Lethaus, Tetsu Takahashi
The objective of this study was to present a novel procedure for cortical bone repositioning (CBR) that maintains a secure space under the periosteum by replacement of the lateral cortex via fixation, employing titanium screws. Seven systemically healthy patients presenting with horizontal alveolar bone defects in radiographs and CT images were enrolled for CBR technique for horizontal alveolar bone augmentation. A lateral cortical bone block was cut in the defects and freed from the original bony surface. A screw was inserted into the block, and the block was placed laterally to allow fixation...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Jawad Chishtie, Farrukh Chishtie, Karen Yoshida, Robert Balogh
BACKGROUND: The 2005 South Asian earthquake led to large-scale injuries and disabilities in northern Pakistan, which were dealt with using various approaches. In this regard, a community-based rehabilitation approach was initiated in the Muzaffarabad district of Pakistan in early 2006, focused on preventing complications among persons with Spinal Cord Injury. This case study briefly describes its development, aims and service provision components, in addition to the distribution of injuries from the disaster...
March 7, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Sushmita Purkayastha, Kaitlyn Maffuid, Xiaojie Zhu, Rong Zhang, Peter B Raven
PURPOSE: This preliminary study tested the hypothesis that the carotid baroreflex (CBR) mediated sympathoexcitation regulates cerebral blood flow (CBF) at rest and during dynamic exercise. METHODS: In seven healthy subjects (26 ± 1 years), oscillatory neck pressure (NP) stimuli of + 40 mmHg were applied to the carotid baroreceptors at a pre-determined frequency of 0.1 Hz at rest, low (10 ± 1W), and heavy (30 ± 3W) exercise workloads (WLs) without (control) and with α - 1 adrenoreceptor blockade (prazosin)...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Feixiang Xu, Xinhui Liu, Wei Chen, Chen Zhou, Bingwei Cao
This paper proposes an ontology-based fault diagnosis method which overcomes the difficulty of understanding complex fault diagnosis knowledge of loaders and offers a universal approach for fault diagnosis of all loaders. This method contains the following components: (1) An ontology-based fault diagnosis model is proposed to achieve the integrating, sharing and reusing of fault diagnosis knowledge for loaders; (2) combined with ontology, CBR (case-based reasoning) is introduced to realize effective and accurate fault diagnoses following four steps (feature selection, case-retrieval, case-matching and case-updating); and (3) in order to cover the shortages of the CBR method due to the lack of concerned cases, ontology based RBR (rule-based reasoning) is put forward through building SWRL (Semantic Web Rule Language) rules...
February 28, 2018: Sensors
Marcus Seiler, Peer W Kaemmerer, Michael Peetz, Amely Gundula Hartmann
The aim of this initial case report was to provide a new protocol for the clinical application of a patient-specific titanium lattice structure (Yxoss CBR®, ReOSS, Filderstadt, Germany) for customized bone regeneration. To obtain a 3-dimensional reconstruction of a posterior mandible segment in a 61-year-old woman, a patient-specific titanium customized lattice structure was used. As graft material autogenous bone tissue mixed with xenogenic alloplastic material (Bio Oss®, Geistlich Pharma, Wolhusen, Switzerland) was obtained for reconstruction...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
Paul G Richardson, William I Bensinger, Carol Ann Huff, Caitlin L Costello, Nikoletta Lendvai, Jesus G Berdeja, Larry D Anderson, David S Siegel, Daniel Lebovic, Sundar Jagannath, Jacob P Laubach, Keith E Stockerl-Goldstein, Long Kwei, Fong Clow, Laurence Elias, Zeena Salman, Thorsten Graef, Elizabeth Bilotti, Ravi Vij
Novel therapies with unique new targets are needed for patients who are relapsed/refractory to current treatments for multiple myeloma. Ibrutinib is a first-in-class, once-daily, oral covalent inhibitor of Bruton tyrosine kinase, which is overexpressed in the myeloma stem cell population. This study examined various doses of ibrutinib ± low-dose dexamethasone in patients who received ≥2 prior lines of therapy, including an immunomodulatory agent. Daily ibrutinib ± weekly dexamethasone 40 mg was assessed in 4 cohorts using a Simon 2-stage design...
February 13, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
Shoichiro Ohtani, Takahiro Nakayama, Tetsuhiro Yoshinami, Ken-Ichi Watanabe, Fumikata Hara, Yasuaki Sagara, Hidetoshi Kawaguchi, Kenji Higaki, Nobuki Matsunami, Yoshie Hasegawa, Masato Takahashi, Makiko Mizutani, Takashi Morimoto, Masako Sato, Mitsuya Itoh, Satoshi Morita, Norikazu Masuda
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate whether schedule modification is safe and effective in patients intolerant to the standard eribulin dose and schedule. METHODS: Patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) treated with both anthracycline and taxane and ≤ 3 prior regimens of chemotherapy for MBC received eribulin at the standard dose and schedule (1.4 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle) in the first cycle; change of dosing schedule (1.4 mg/m2 on days 1 and 15 of a 28-day cycle) was determined by change in neutrophil count, platelet count, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, total bilirubin, serum creatinine, and non-hematological toxicity on day 8 of the first cycle or day 1 of the second cycle...
February 12, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Benjamin J Frogley, Anthony F Hill
The first two complete series of pnictogen functionalised carbyne complexes, [M([triple bond, length as m-dash]CAPh2)(CO)2(Tp*)] (M = Mo, W; A = N, P, As, Sb, Bi; Tp* = hydrotris(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)borate), have been prepared. The heavier analogues (A ≠ N) result from successive treatment of [M([triple bond, length as m-dash]CBr)(CO)2(Tp*)] with nBuLi and ClAPPh2 (A = P, Sb, Bi) or BrAsPh2 and include the first examples of arsino, stibino or bismuthino carbyne complexes.
February 8, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
João P Silva, Helena Carmo, Félix Carvalho
Synthetic cannabinoids (SCBs)-related intoxications and deaths have been increasingly reported, turning its widespread recreational use into a major public health concern. Specifically, a direct link between SCBs and acute kidney injury (AKI) has been established. XLR-11 is an SCB commonly found in the toxicological analysis of patients with SCB-associated AKI. However, the pathophysiology of AKI among SCB consumers remains unknown. This work thus represents the first in vitro assessment of SCB nephrotoxicity, as a first approach to identify its cellular targets...
February 3, 2018: Toxicology Letters
P P Gokuldas, Sanjay K Singh, Madan K Tamuli, Soumen Naskar, Yoya Vashi, Rajendran Thomas, Keshab Barman, Seema R Pegu, Sharma G Chethan, Sudhir K Agarwal
The present investigation was designed to study the effect of dietary supplementation of omega-3 (n-3) PUFA on endometrial expression of fertility-related genes in breeding sows. Sixteen crossbred sows were randomized to receive diets containing 4% (wt/wt) flaxseed oil as n-3 PUFA source (TRT group) or iso-nitrogenous, iso-caloric standard control diet (CON group), starting from the first day of estrus up to 40 days and were artificially bred on the second estrus. Endometrial samples were collected during days 10-11 and 15-16 post-mating for studying relative expression profile of candidate genes viz...
January 29, 2018: Theriogenology
Natsuko Tanaka, Kaoru Ogura, Akinori Hattori, Hiroaki Inoue, Hiroko Yukawa, Shiho Sakaguchi, Aya Matsuoka, Asaka Kodera, Yoshihiko Naritaka, Akira Hirano
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational study contains advanced or metastatic breast cancer female patients who pretreated with anthracycline and/or taxane received eribulin(ERI)mesylate. The primary endpoint was the progressionfree survival(PFS)and secondary endopoints were objective response rate(ORR), clinical benefit rate(CBR), overall survival (OS), and post-progression survival(PPS). RESULTS: A total of 32 patients underwent chemotherapy cycles(median 3; range 1-9 cycles)...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Cristina Mei, Vicki Anderson, Mary-Clare Waugh, Louise Cahill, Angela T Morgan
OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based management guidelines for communication and swallowing disorders following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) are scarcely available, potentially resulting in suboptimal outcomes. To improve clinical care of this population, a multidisciplinary guideline development committee was formed to develop evidence-based recommendation (EBR) and consensus-based recommendation (CBR) for the management of speech, language, and swallowing disorders during the first year of recovery...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Ting Zhang, Mark C Gillies, Michele C Madigan, Weiyong Shen, Jianhai Du, Ulrike Grünert, Fanfan Zhou, Michelle Yam, Ling Zhu
De novo serine synthesis plays important roles in normal mitochondrial function and cellular anti-oxidative capacity. It is reported to be mainly activated in glial cells of the central nervous system, but its role in retinal Müller glia remains unclear. In this study, we inhibited de novo serine synthesis using CBR-5884, a specific inhibitor of phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH, a rate limiting enzyme in de novo serine metabolism) in MIO-M1 cells (immortalized human Müller cells) and huPMCs (human primary Müller cells) under mild oxidative stress...
January 30, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
D A Adeniyi, Z Wei, Y Yang
A wealth of data are available within the health care system, however, effective analysis tools for exploring the hidden patterns in these datasets are lacking. To alleviate this limitation, this paper proposes a simple but promising hybrid predictive model by suitably combining the Chi-square distance measurement with case-based reasoning technique. The study presents the realization of an automated risk calculator and death prediction in some life-threatening ailments using Chi-square case-based reasoning (χ2 CBR) model...
January 30, 2018: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
Tiffany A Traina, Kathy Miller, Denise A Yardley, Janice Eakle, Lee S Schwartzberg, Joyce O'Shaughnessy, William Gradishar, Peter Schmid, Eric Winer, Catherine Kelly, Rita Nanda, Ayca Gucalp, Ahmad Awada, Laura Garcia-Estevez, Maureen E Trudeau, Joyce Steinberg, Hirdesh Uppal, Iulia Cristina Tudor, Amy Peterson, Javier Cortes
Purpose Studies suggest that a subset of patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) have tumors that express the androgen receptor (AR) and may benefit from an AR inhibitor. This phase II study evaluated the antitumor activity and safety of enzalutamide in patients with locally advanced or metastatic AR-positive TNBC. Patients and Methods Tumors were tested for AR with an immunohistochemistry assay optimized for breast cancer; nuclear AR staining > 0% was considered positive. Patients received enzalutamide 160 mg once per day until disease progression...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Marcelo Ernesto Fernández-Rivero, José L Del Pozo, Amparo Valentín, Araceli Molina de Diego, Javier Pemán, Emilia Cantón
We evaluated the activity of (1) amphotericin-B (AMB), combined with rifampicin (RIF), clarithromycin (CLA), N-acetylcysteine (NAC), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), and farnesol (FAR) (1000, 1000, 1000, 4000, and 30,000 mg/L, and 300 µM, respectively), against Candida tropicalis biofilms formed on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and (2) anidulafungin (ANF) combined with the same compounds at 8, 10, 5, 40, and 30 mg/L, and 30 µM, respectively, against biofilms formed on titanium. Biofilm growth kinetics were performed in a CDC Biofilm Reactor (CBR)...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Hector Zamora-Carreras, Beatriz Maestro, Erik Strandberg, Anne S Ulrich, Jesús M Sanz, M Angeles Jimenez
Choline-binding repeats (CBRs) are ubiquitous sequences with a β-hairpin core that are found in the surface proteins of several microorganisms such as S. pneumoniae (pneumococcus). Previous studies on a 14-mer CBR sequence derived from the pneumoccal LytA autolysin (LytA₂₃₉-₂₅₂ peptide) have demonstrated a switch behaviour for this peptide, so that it acquires a stable, native-like β-hairpin conformation in aqueous solution but is reversibly transformed into an amphipathic α-helix in the presence of detergent micelles...
January 25, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Chiara Gambardella, Daniela Nichino, Camillo Iacometti, Sara Ferrando, Carla Falugi, Marco Faimali
The brine shrimp Artemia was used as a model organism to test toxicity of several neuroactive pesticides (chlorpyrifos (CLP), chlorpyrifos oxon (CLP ox), diazinon (DZN), carbaryl (CBR)) following exposure to far below than lethal doses. Cysts were exposed to the pesticides in order to test a scenario similar to actual coastal environment contamination, by analyzing different responses. Cysts were rehydrated in water containing the pesticides at concentrations ranging from 10-11 to 10-5 M, for 72, 96 and 192 h, respectively...
January 12, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
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