Read by QxMD icon Read


Mai Shimura, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Hiromi Nagase, Akihiko Mochizuki, Futoshi Sekiguchi, Naho Koshimizu, Toshiyuki Itai, Mizuha Odagami
We investigated whether it was possible to predict the prognosis of fetuses with cystic hygroma (CH) in early pregnancy based on the degree of neck thickening. We retrospectively analyzed 57 singleton pregnancies with fetuses with CH who were examined before the 22nd week of pregnancy. The fetuses were categorized according to the outcome, structural abnormalities at birth, and chromosomal abnormalities. Here, we proposed a new sonographic predictor with which we assessed neck thickening by dividing the width of the neck thickening by the biparietal diameter (BPD), which is expressed as the CH/BPD ratio (CBR)...
January 11, 2018: Congenital Anomalies
Ioannis A Voutsadakis
Objective: Oral etoposide has been used as a later line therapy for metastatic breast cancer for more than twenty years. Its efficacy and clinical usefulness has been suggested in small phase II studies in the metastatic breast cancer population and the drug has also the added advantage of convenient oral administration. Despite these advantages, the place of oral etoposide in treatment of metastatic breast cancer has been challenged in the last decade due to introduction of several other chemotherapeutics, including options available orally, as well as novel targeted therapies...
January 2018: European Journal of Breast Health
Wioletta Pijacka, Pedro L Katayama, Helio C Salgado, Gisele S Lincevicius, Ruy R Campos, Fiona D McBryde, Julian F R Paton
The carotid body has recently emerged as a promising therapeutic target for treating cardiovascular disease, however the potential impact of carotid bodies removal on the dynamic cardiovascular responses to acute stressors such as exercise, hypoxia and hypercapnia in hypertension is an important safety consideration that has not been studied. We first validated a novel surgical approach to selectively resect the carotid bodies bilaterally (CBR) sparing the carotid sinus baroreflex. Second, we evaluated the impact of CBR on the cardiovascular responses to exercise, hypoxia and hypercapnia in the conscious, chronically instrumented spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Edwin P Hui, Brigette B Y Ma, Herbert Loong, Frankie Mo, Leung Li, Ann D King, Ki Wang, Anil T Ahuja, Charles Ml Chan, Connie Wc Hui, Chi-Hang Wong, Anthony Tc Chan
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that axitinib is active with improved safety profile in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We evaluated axitinib in preclinical models of NPC, and studied its efficacy in a phase 2 clinical trial in recurrent or metastatic NPC patients who progressed after at least one line of prior platinum-based chemotherapy. We excluded patients with local recurrence or vascular invasion. Axitinib was started at 5 mg twice-daily in continuous 4-weeks cycles...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Chia-Cheng Lee, Yuna Jhang, George Relyea, Li-Mei Chen, D Kimbrough Oller
Canonical babbling (CB) is critical in forming foundations for speech. Research has shown that the emergence of CB precedes first words, predicts language outcomes, and is delayed in infants with several communicative disorders. We seek a naturalistic portrayal of CB development, using all-day home recordings to evaluate the influences of age, language, and social circumstances on infant CB production. Thus we address the nature of very early language foundations and how they can be modulated. This is the first study to evaluate possible interactions of language and social circumstance in the development of babbling...
December 28, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
Benjamin J Frogley, Anthony F Hill, Richard A Manzano, Manab Sharma
The tellurocarbonylates [M(CTe)(CO)2(Tp*)]- (M = Mo, W; obtained from [M([triple bond, length as m-dash]CBr)(CO)2(Tp*)] and Li2Te or [M([triple bond, length as m-dash]CLi)(CO)2(Tp*)] and Te) react with an additional equivalent of [M([triple bond, length as m-dash]CBr)(CO)2(Tp*)] to give bis(alkylidynyl)tellurides, [M2(μ-CTeC)(CO)4(Tp*)2], whilst oxidation with [Fe(η-C5H5)2]PF6 affords the corresponding ditellurides [M2(μ-CTe2C)(CO)4(Tp*)2]. The unprecedented M[triple bond, length as m-dash]CTeC[triple bond, length as m-dash]M and M[triple bond, length as m-dash]CTe2C[triple bond, length as m-dash]M bridges are discussed with reference to more conventional but rare alkylidynyltelluroethers [M([triple bond, length as m-dash]CTeR)(CO)2(Tp*)] (R = Me, nBu, Ph)...
December 18, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Eric van Diessen, Frank van der Maas, Vladimir Cabral, Willem M Otte
Treatment of epilepsy in low-income countries is a challenge considering the lack of resources, availability of antiepileptic drugs, and cultural beliefs. We used a community-based rehabilitation (CBR) service for the detection, monitoring, and treatment of epilepsy. A local network of trained community volunteers provided education, good quality antiepileptic drugs, and clinical follow-up for people with epilepsy (PWE). In a period of 2years, approximately 22,500 people were screened in central Guinea-Bissau, and 112 PWE were identified and registered...
December 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Effat Ramshini, Gholamreza Sepehri, Meysam Ahmadi-Zeidabadi, Shokouh Arjmand, Mohammad Khaksari, Mohammad Shabani
Several lines of evidence have indicated that Methamphetamine (METH) exposure leads to neurodegenerative changes in the dopaminergic neurons and subsequently may predispose users to motor deficit. On the other hand, there is a reciprocal regulation between the endocannabinoid and the dopaminergic systems. Previous studies also showed that the endocannabinoids are involved in the signaling mechanisms of various brain regions related to motor and cognitive functions. The cerebellum seems as a rational target to investigate the action of cannabinoids on motor coordination because of the high concentration of the cannabinoid receptor in the molecular layer of it and other regions involved in motor activity...
December 11, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Jiayan Zhang, Cuicui Du, Xugang Feng
In this paper, the measurement of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) in a wastewater treatment process is analyzed and an intelligent integrated prediction method based on case-based reasoning (CBR) is proposed in order to overcome difficulties. Due to the fact that there are many factors that influence the accuracy of the prediction model, the radial basis function, which is a neural network with a 3 layer feedforward network, is employed to reduce the dimension of input values. Under these circumstances, a back propagation neural network combining with a nearest neighbor retrieval strategy is adopted to match case...
December 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Beatrice De Maria, Vlasta Bari, Marco Ranucci, Valeria Pistuddi, Giovanni Ranuzzi, Anielle C M Takahashi, Aparecida M Catai, Laura Dalla Vecchia, Sergio Cerutti, Alberto Porta
Cardiac baroreflex (cBR) is activated by both arterial pressure (AP) increases and decreases. Sequence method, a widely utilized tool assessing cBR sensitivity (cBRS) from spontaneous heart period (HP) and systolic AP (SAP) variations, allows the separated computation of cBRS from positive and negative SAP variations. The recently proposed phase-rectified signal averaging (PRSA) method has the same feature but it has been applied so far solely to positive SAP variations. We adapted the PRSA method to compute cBRS over negative SAP variations and we compared the results with those derived from sequence method over two protocols: (i) graded head-up tilt (HUT) at 15, 30, 45, 60, and 75° in 19 healthy subjects and (ii) general anesthesia induction in 118 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery...
December 13, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Trevor Scott, Anthony Salvatore, Pauline Woo, Yuo-Yu Lee, Eduardo A Salvati, Alejandro Gonzalez Della Valle
BACKGROUND: Cemented stems are designed to follow 1 of 2 principles of fixation: composite beams or slide taper. Stems in the latter category have a collarless, polished, tapered (CPT) design and subside into the cement mantle, creating hoop stresses. We compared the rate of periprosthetic fracture (PPF) of stem designed with these 2 principles of fixation. In addition, we examined radiographic factors that may predispose to the development of PPF. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent primary THA by a single surgeon using highly polished cemented stems...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Lukia Namaganda Hamid, Olive Kobusingye, Sebastian Olikira Baine, Chrispus Mayora, Jacob A Bentley
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of individuals with disability reside in low- and middle-income countries where community-based rehabilitation (CBR) has been used as a strategy to improve disability. However, data relating to disability severity among CBR beneficiaries in low-income countries like Uganda remain scarce, particularly at the community or district level. OBJECTIVES: To describe severity of disability and associated factors for persons with physical disabilities receiving CBR services in the Kayunga district of Uganda...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
Christine Chen, David Siegel, Martin Gutierrez, Meagan Jacoby, Craig C Hofmeister, Nashat Gabrail, Rachid Baz, Morten Mau-Sorensen, Jesus G Berdeja, Michael Savona, Lynn Savoie, Suzanne Trudel, Nuchanan Areethamsirikul, T J Unger, Tami Rashal, Tim Hanke, Michael Kauffman, Sharon Shacham, Donna Reece
Novel therapies are needed for patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (MM). We conducted a multicenter, phase 1 study in advanced hematological malignancies to assess the safety, efficacy and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of oral selinexor, a selective inhibitor of the nuclear export protein XPO1. In the dose-escalation phase, 25 patients with heavily pretreated MM (22) or Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (3) were administered selinexor (3-60 mg/m2) in 8 or 10 doses per 28-day cycle. In the dose-expansion phase, 59 patients with MM received selinexor at 45 or 60 mg/m2 with 20 mg dexamethasone, twice-weekly in 28-day cycles, or selinexor (40 or 60mg flat dose) without corticosteroids in 21 day cycles...
December 4, 2017: Blood
Yunping Tang, Guomei Zhang, Zheng Wang, Dan Liu, Linglu Zhang, Yafeng Zhou, Ju Huang, Fangmiao Yu, Zuisu Yang, Guofang Ding
(S)-3-chloro-1-phenyl-1-propanol ((S)-CPPO) is an important chiral intermediate predominantly used in the synthesis of the chiral side chain of (S)-fluoxetine. In this study, carbonyl reductase (CBR) from Novosphingobium aromaticivorans was successfully expressed in recombinant E. coli. The enzymatic activity of the recombinant CBR was significantly increased to 1875 U/mL in the fed-batch fermentation in a 10 L fermenter and recombinant CBR was then purified and characterized. By regenerating NADH with glucose dehydrogenase, 100 g/L 3-chloro-1-phenyl-1-propanone (3-CPP) was successfully converted to (S)-CPPO with a conversion of 100% and ee value of 99...
November 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
I Blancas, M Fontanillas, V Conde, J Lao, E Martínez, M J Sotelo, A Jaen, J L Bayo, F Carabantes, J J Illarramendi, M M Gordon, J Cruz, A García-Palomo, C Mendiola, E Pérez-Ruiz, J S Bofill, J M Baena-Cañada, N M Jáñez, G Esquerdo, M Ruiz-Borrego
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to describe the efficacy of fulvestrant 500 mg in postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive advanced/metastatic breast cancer who had disease progression after receiving anti-estrogen therapy in clinical practice, getting real-world data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective, observational study conducted in Spain. Postmenopausal women with locally advanced/metastatic ER-positive breast cancer who received treatment with fulvestrant 500 mg after progression with a previous anti-estrogen therapy were eligible...
November 24, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
X L Liu, L Li, Q L Shi, L J Chen, X X Cao, J Li, A J Liao, D H Zou, J N Sun, S J Gao, W Li, J Hou, F Y Jin
Objective: To evaluate efficacy of the BiRd regimen, a combination of clarithromycin, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone, in the treatment of patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) . Methods: Patients with RRMM treated with BiRd between September 11, 2013 and August 1, 2016 at six centers were included to evaluate overall survival rate (ORR) , clinical benefit rate (CBR) , progression-free survival (PFS) , overall survival (OS) , as well as adverse events. Results: Of 30 patients with RRMM, 27 patients were evaluable, and ORR and CBR were 51...
October 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Hye Young Yoon, Si Young Lee
In this study, a laboratory model to reproduce dental unit waterline (DUWL) biofilms was developed using a CDC biofilm reactor (CBR). Bacteria obtained from DUWLs were filtered and cultured in Reasoner's 2A (R2A) for 10 days, and were subsequently stored at -70°C. This stock was cultivated on R2A in batch mode. After culturing for five days, the bacteria were inoculated into the CBR. Biofilms were grown on polyurethane tubing for four days. Biofilm accumulation and thickness was 1.3 × 10(5) CFU cm(-2) and 10-14 μm respectively, after four days...
November 21, 2017: Biofouling
Wenjun Xu, Xuedong Sun, Baohong Wang, Hui Guo
We sought to evaluate the activity and safety of carfilzomib-/ixazomib-containing combinations for patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). We searched published reports including carfilzomib-/ixazomib-containing combinations for RRMM. Finally, we identified 11 prospective studies covering 2845 relapsed/refractory patients. Carfilzomib- and ixazomib-containing combinations respectively resulted in an impressive overall response rate (ORR 77 vs. 64%, P = 0.14), very good partial response or better (≥ VGPR 48 vs...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Hematology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"