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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927725/correlates-of-caregiver-participation-in-a-brief-community-based-dementia-care-management-program
#1
Shahrzad Mavandadi, Samir Patel, Amy Benson, Suzanne DiFilippo, Joel Streim, David Oslin
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The evidence base for dementia care management interventions for informal caregivers (CGs) is strong, yet enrollment and sustained engagement in academic and community-based research trials is low. This study sought to examine rates and correlates of participation in a community-based, telephone-delivered dementia care management program designed to address logistic and practical barriers to participation in CG trials and services. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants included 290 CGs of older, community-dwelling, low-income care recipients (CRs) who met criteria for enrollment in a collaborative dementia care management program that provides assessment, psychosocial support and education, and connection to community resources via telephone...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876454/will-the-global-hiv-response-fail-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
George Ayala, Glenn-Milo Santos
INTRODUCTION: Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men are among the small number of groups for whom HIV remains uncontrolled worldwide. Although there have been recent and notable decreases in HIV incidence across several countries, prevalence and incidence is consistently higher or rising among men who have sex with men when compared with other groups. METHODS: In 2014, MSMGF (the Global Forum on MSM & HIV) conducted its third biennial Global Men's Health and Rights Study, an international, multilingual, web-based cross-sectional survey of men who have sex with men recruited through online convenience sampling...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797013/leading-by-success-impact-of-a-clinical-and-translational-research-infrastructure-program-to-address-health-inequities
#3
Bruce Shiramizu, Vicki Shambaugh, Helen Petrovich, Todd B Seto, Tammy Ho, Noreen Mokuau, Jerris R Hedges
Building research infrastructure capacity to address clinical and translational gaps has been a focus of funding agencies and foundations. Clinical and Translational Sciences Awards, Research Centers in Minority Institutions Infrastructure for Clinical and Translational Research (RCTR), and the Institutional Development Award Infrastructure for Clinical and Translational Research funded by the US government to fund clinical translational research programs have existed for over a decade to address racial and ethnic health disparities across the USA...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780881/twelve-committed-men-the-feasibility-of-a-community-based-participatory-hiv-prevention-intervention-within-a-canadian-men-s-correctional-facility
#4
Ruth Elwood Martin, Renee Turner, Larry Howett, Terry Howard, Debra Hanberg, Jane A Buxton, Veronika Moravan, John L Oliffe
OBJECTIVES: The intervention objectives were to evaluate and describe the feasibility of using a community-based research (CBR) approach to adapt and implement HIV-prevention materials and tools with incarcerated men. We found no prior published reports about CBR HIV-prevention education in Canadian correctional facilities. METHODS: Twelve members of the correctional Peer Education Committee (PEC) and Aboriginal PEC, whom a correctional nurse identified as being interested in preventive health, were purposively invited to participate...
October 25, 2016: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738282/community-based-participatory-research-speed-dating-an-innovative-model-for-fostering-collaborations-between-community-leaders-and-academic-researchers
#5
Melanie T Tucker, Dwight W Lewis, Pamela Payne Foster, Felecia Lucky, Lea G Yerby, Lisle Hites, John C Higginbotham
Developing meaningful community-based participatory relationships between researchers and the community can be challenging. The overall success of a community-based participatory relationship should be predicated on commitment and respect from empowered stakeholders. Prior to developing the technique discussed in this article, we hypothesized that the process of fostering relationships between researchers and the community was much like a social relationship: It has to develop organically and cannot be forced...
November 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717364/meaningful-engagement-of-people-living-with-hiv-who-use-drugs-methodology-for-the-design-of-a-peer-research-associate-pra-hiring-model
#6
K Closson, R McNeil, P McDougall, S Fernando, A B Collins, R Baltzer Turje, T Howard, S Parashar
BACKGROUND: Community-based HIV, harm reduction, and addiction research increasingly involve members of affected communities as Peer Research Associates (PRAs)-individuals with common experiences to the participant population (e.g. people who use drugs, people living with HIV [PLHIV]). However, there is a paucity of literature detailing the operationalization of PRA hiring and thus limited understanding regarding how affected communities can be meaningfully involved through low-barrier engagement in paid positions within community-based participatory research (CBPR) projects...
October 7, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686043/psychosocial-influences-on-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-salivary-cortisol-collection-from-community-samples-of-children
#7
Eileen M Condon
Salivary cortisol is considered to be a safe and noninvasive measure of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning, and is a commonly measured biomarker of the human stress response in pediatric research. However, cortisol is highly variable and sensitive to a wide range of factors, creating a challenge for reliable salivary cortisol collection in the community setting. Furthermore, the acceptability of salivary cortisol collection in community samples of children is largely unknown. The purpose of this integrative review was to investigate current evidence on the acceptability and feasibility of salivary cortisol collection in community samples of children...
December 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648749/developing-a-recovery-college-a-preliminary-exercise-in-establishing-regional-readiness-and-community-needs
#8
Joy Kelly, Stephen Gallagher, Jennifer McMahon
BACKGROUND: Recovery orientated intervention has experienced a paradigm shift towards stakeholder training and education within recovery colleges. Such colleges are typically underpinned by a culture of emancipatory education that aims to facilitate recovery through educational choice. AIMS: The study aims to establish regional readiness for a recovery college. Specifically, we aim to uncover key stakeholder attitudes towards recovery, outline a contextual conceptualization of recovery and show how inductive, community-based research can incorporate stakeholder views with core fidelity markers of a recovery college...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631364/correction-ethics-in-community-based-research-with-vulnerable-children-perspectives-from-rwanda
#9
Theresa S Betancourt, Mary C Smith Fawzi, Anne Stevenson, Fredrick Kanyanganzi, Catherine Kirk, Lauren Ng, Christina Mushashi, Justin Bizimana, William Beardslee, Giuseppe Raviola, Stephanie Smith, Yvonne Kayiteshonga, Agnes Binagwaho
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157042.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543135/establishing-the-canadian-hiv-women-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-cohort-study-chiwos-operationalizing-community-based-research-in-a-large-national-quantitative-study
#10
EDITORIAL
Mona Loutfy, Saara Greene, V Logan Kennedy, Johanna Lewis, Jamie Thomas-Pavanel, Tracey Conway, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Nadia O'Brien, Allison Carter, Wangari Tharao, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Danièle Dubuc, Jacqueline Gahagan, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Robert S Hogg, Angela Kaida
BACKGROUND: Community-based research has gained increasing recognition in health research over the last two decades. Such participatory research approaches are lauded for their ability to anchor research in lived experiences, ensuring cultural appropriateness, accessing local knowledge, reaching marginalized communities, building capacity, and facilitating research-to-action. While having these positive attributes, the community-based health research literature is predominantly composed of small projects, using qualitative methods, and set within geographically limited communities...
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540025/community-university-collaborations-for-environmental-justice-toward-a-transformative-co-learning-model
#11
Penn Loh
Community-university collaborations for environmental justice have pushed the boundaries of the modern research university, yet remain rooted in a research frame. This article lays out a transformative co-learning model, which aspires to cultivate long-term, place-based, reciprocal partnerships where university and community co-produce knowledge and action toward a more just, sustainable, and democratic society. Starting with joint inquiry and planning, community and university integrate teaching, research, and service activities over a cycle of three to five years and, if sustained, co-evolve in place over the decades...
August 17, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513284/happy-family-kitchen-a-community-based-research-for-enhancing-family-communication-and-well-being-in-hong-kong
#12
Henry C Y Ho, Moses Mui, Alice Wan, Yin-Lam Ng, Sunita M Stewart, Carol Yew, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
Urban families worldwide are often characterized by busy working lives which leave little time for family gatherings and communication. The Happy Family Kitchen project, which emphasized cooking and dining with family members, was conducted in a deprived district in Hong Kong. We hypothesized that the community-based family intervention, derived from a positive psychology framework, can improve family communication, family well-being, and subjective happiness. Twenty-three social service units organized and delivered the intervention programs for 1,419 individuals from 612 families...
September 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487041/association-between-food-insecurity-and-procurement-methods-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-a-high-resource-setting
#13
Aranka Anema, Sarah J Fielden, Susan Shurgold, Erin Ding, Jennifer Messina, Jennifer E Jones, Brian Chittock, Ken Monteith, Jason Globerman, Sean B Rourke, Robert S Hogg
OBJECTIVE: People living with HIV in high-resource settings suffer severe levels of food insecurity; however, limited evidence exists regarding dietary intake and sub-components that characterize food insecurity (i.e. food quantity, quality, safety or procurement) in this population. We examined the prevalence and characteristics of food insecurity among people living with HIV across British Columbia, Canada. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis was conducted within a national community-based research initiative...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422896/participation-levels-in-25-community-based-participatory-research-projects
#14
C R Spears Johnson, A E Kraemer Diaz, T A Arcury
This analysis describes the nature of community participation in National Institutes of Health and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded community-based participatory research (CBPR) projects, and explores the scientific and social implications of variation in community participation. We conducted in-depth interviews in 2012 with professional and community researchers from 25 CBPR projects in the Southeast US. Interview topics focused on participants' experiences with the nature and conduct of their CBPR project...
October 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372529/expanding-the-role-of-nurses-to-improve-hypertension-care-and-control-globally
#15
REVIEW
Cheryl R Dennison Himmelfarb, Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Martha N Hill
The role of the nurse in improving hypertension control has expanded over the past 50 years, complementing and supplementing that of the physician. Nurses' involvement began with measuring and monitoring blood pressure (BP) and patient education and has expanded to become one of the most effective strategies to improve BP control. Today the roles of nurses and nurse practitioners (NPs) in hypertension management involve all aspects of care, including (1) detection, referral, and follow up; (2) diagnostics and medication management; (3) patient education, counseling, and skill building; (4) coordination of care; (5) clinic or office management; (6) population health management; and (7) performance measurement and quality improvement...
March 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352925/the-loss-of-boystown-and-transition-to-online-sex-work-strategies-and-barriers-to-increase-safety-among-men-sex-workers-and-clients-of-men
#16
Elena Argento, Matthew Taylor, Jody Jollimore, Chrissy Taylor, James Jennex, Andrea Krusi, Kate Shannon
Men sex workers in Vancouver have largely transitioned from street to online solicitation coinciding with losing "Boystown," the main outdoor sex work stroll for men. This article explores strategies and barriers to increase safety among men and trans sex workers and clients of men in Vancouver, Canada. Qualitative interviews were conducted (2012-2013) with 61 self-identifed men who currently buy and/or sell sex in a community-based research project known as CHAPS (Community Health Assessment of Men Who Purchase and Sell Sex)...
June 28, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351337/ethics-in-community-based-research-with-vulnerable-children-perspectives-from-rwanda
#17
Theresa Betancourt, Mary C Smith Fawzi, Anne Stevenson, Fredrick Kanyanganzi, Catherine Kirk, Lauren Ng, Christina Mushashi, Justin I Bizimana, William Beardslee, Giuseppe Raviola, Stephanie Smith, Yvonne Kayiteshonga, Agnes Binagwaho
A "risk of harm" protocol to identify youth in need of immediate emergency assistance in a study on mental health and HIV in Rwanda among 680 youth ages 10-17 is described. Cases are presented that describe the experience in using this protocol to ensure safety of participants, with ethical and logistical challenges considered. Among the population of the study, 3.2% were deemed "risk of harm." The most prevalent presenting problem was non-fatal suicidal behavior (91% of risk of harm cases), with 36% having a history of a reported previous attempt...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349103/connectivity-from-a-different-perspective-comparing-seed-dispersal-kernels-in-connected-vs-unfragmented-landscapes
#18
John D Herrmann, Tomas A Carlo, Lars A Brudvig, Ellen I Damschen, Nick M Haddad, Douglas J Levey, John L Orrock, Joshua J Tewksbury
Habitat fragmentation can create significant impediments to dispersal. A technique to increase dispersal between otherwise isolated fragments is the use of corridors. Although previous studies have compared dispersal between connected fragments to dispersal between unconnected fragments, it remains unknown how dispersal between fragments connected by a corridor compares to dispersal in unfragmented landscapes. To assess the extent to which corridors can restore dispersal in fragmented landscapes to levels observed in unfragmented landscapes, we employed a stable-isotope marking technique to track seeds within four unfragmented landscapes and eight experimental landscapes with fragments connected by corridors...
May 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346765/increasing-response-rates-on-face-to-face-surveys-with-indigenous-communities-in-canada-lessons-from-pictou-landing
#19
Diana Lewis, Heather Castleden, Sheila Francis, Kim Strickland, Colleen Denny
BACKGROUND: Designing an effective survey for gathering primary health data using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach in Indigenous communities in Canada has its challenges. Yet, the Pictou Landing First Nation (PFLN) Native Women's Group (NWG) and academic research partners achieved a 59% response rate. OBJECTIVES: To share lessons learned with both campus and community-based research teams engaged in CBPR involving Indigenous communities on the process of team development, and particularly survey development and execution, as well as the factors that led to a reliable and valid household level environmental health survey that achieved a 59% response rate...
2016: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297740/influence-of-an-intervention-targeting-a-reduction-in-sugary-beverage-intake-on-the-%C3%AE-13c-sugar-intake-biomarker-in-a-predominantly-obese-health-disparate-sample
#20
Brenda M Davy, A Hope Jahren, Valisa E Hedrick, Wen You, Jamie M Zoellner
OBJECTIVE: Controversy exists surrounding the health effects of added sugar (AS) and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intakes, primarily due to a reliance on self-reported dietary intake. The purpose of the current investigation was to determine if a 6-month intervention targeting reduced SSB intake would impact δ13C AS intake biomarker values. DESIGN: A randomized controlled intervention trial. At baseline and at 6 months, participants underwent assessments of anthropometrics and dietary intake...
June 14, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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