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"Community-based research"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713800/strategies-for-meaningful-engagement-between-community-based-health-researchers-and-first-nations-participants
#1
Jaime Cidro, Marion Maar, Sabrina Peressini, Robert J Schroth, John Broughton, Lisa Jamieson, Herenia P Lawrence
The Baby Teeth Talk Study (BTT) is a partnership-based research project looking at interventions to prevent early childhood caries (ECC) in First Nations populations in Canada. Community-based researchers (CBRs) conducted preventive and behavioral interventions that targeted expectant mothers and their newborns, over a 3-year period. The work of the CBRs requires a great deal of training and skills to administer the interventions. It also requires a broad set of strategies to meaningfully engage participants to make health-promoting changes in their behavior to prevent ECC in their children...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706777/using-community-based-participatory-research-and-organizational-diagnosis-to-characterize-relationships-between-community-leaders-and-academic-researchers
#2
Karen H Wang, Natasha J Ray, David N Berg, Ann T Greene, Georgina Lucas, Kenn Harris, Amy Carroll-Scott, Barbara Tinney, Marjorie S Rosenthal
Sustaining collaborations between community-based organization leaders and academic researchers in community-engaged research (CEnR) in the service of decreasing health inequities necessitates understanding the collaborations from an inter-organizational perspective. We assessed the perspectives of community leaders and university-based researchers conducting community-engaged research in a medium-sized city with a history of community-university tension. Our research team, included experts in CEnR and organizational theory, used qualitative methods and purposeful, snowball sampling to recruit local participants and performed key informant interviews from July 2011-May 2012...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673047/assessing-community-health-an-innovative-tool-for-measuring-height-and-length
#3
Ashley Bauman, Kacey Ernst, Mary Hayden, Denise J Roe, Rachel Murray, Maurice Agawo, Stephen Munga, Erik Schmahl, Douglas Taren
Anthropometric measurements, including height and length, are routinely needed for health research worldwide. Measurement boards are the current gold standard for obtaining the height and length of children. In community-based research, however, the size and weight of the measurement boards make them difficult and cumbersome to carry in the field. In addition, children and infants may express an unwillingness to be placed onto the measurement board. Electronic measuring tools commonly used in industry and contracting work are precise and portable...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594584/attribution-through-the-layperson-s-lens-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-an-inclusive-international-measure-of-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-mental-illness
#4
Brandon A Knettel
Attributions, or beliefs about the causes of mental illness, have traditionally been dichotomized based on their locus, controllability, specificity, and stability. However, scholars have introduced an alternative lay beliefs model identifying attributions related to specific biological, social, and spiritual attributions. This research describes the potential benefits of this alternative model and outlines the validation of a comprehensive, international measure of lay beliefs, the Mental Illness Attribution Questionnaire (MIAQ)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578606/community-health-workers-and-use-of-mhealth-improving-identification-of-pregnancy-complications-and-access-to-care-in-the-dominican-republic
#5
Susan Bonnell, Anne Griggs, Gloria Avila, Jonathan Mack, Ruth A Bush, Julie Vignato, Cynthia D Connelly
This article presents the feasibility and acceptability of using mobile health technology by community health workers (CHWs) in San Juan Province, Dominican Republic, to improve identification of pregnancy complications and access to care for pregnant women. Although most women in the Dominican Republic receive four antenatal care visits, poor women and adolescents in remote areas are more likely to have only one initial prenatal visit to verify the pregnancy. This community-based research began when community leaders raised concern about the numbers of their mothers who died in childbirth annually; San Juan's maternal mortality rate is 144/100,000 compared to the Caribbean rate of 85/100,000...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521781/telling-our-stories-heroin-assisted-treatment-and-snap-activism-in-the-downtown-eastside-of-vancouver
#6
Susan Boyd, Dave Murray, Donald MacPherson
BACKGROUND: This article highlights the experiences of a peer-run group, SALOME/NAOMI Association of Patients (SNAP), that meets weekly in the Downtown Eastside of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. SNAP is a unique independent peer- run drug user group that formed in 2011 following Canada's first heroin-assisted treatment trial (HAT), North America Opiate Medication Initiative (NAOMI). SNAP's members are now made up of former research participants who participated in two heroin-assisted trials in Vancouver...
May 18, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517968/a-community-based-qualitative-study-of-intergenerational-resilience-with-palestinian-refugee-families-facing-structural-violence-and-historical-trauma
#7
Devin G Atallah
The purpose of this study was to explore resilience processes in Palestinian refugee families living under Israeli occupation for multiple generations. Qualitative methods, critical postcolonial theories, and community-based research approaches were used to examine intergenerational protective practices and to contribute to reconceptualizations of resilience from indigenous perspectives. First, the researcher developed a collaborative partnership with a nongovernmental organization (NGO) in a UN refugee camp in the occupied West Bank...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435745/a-consult-service-to-support-and-promote-community-based-research-tracking-and-evaluating-a-community-based-research-consult-service
#8
Clara M Pelfrey, Katrice D Cain, Mary Ellen Lawless, Earl Pike, Ashwini R Sehgal
PURPOSE: This study describes the design, operation and evaluation of a community-based research (CBR) consult service within the setting of a Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) institution. To our knowledge, there are no published evaluations of a CBR consult service at a CTSA hub. METHODS: A community-based research Consult Service was created to support faculty, health care providers/research coordinators, trainees, community-based organizations and community members...
February 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426354/-it-goes-on-everywhere-injection-drug-use-in-canadian-federal-prisons
#9
Emily van der Meulen
BACKGROUND: International and Canadian research on in-prison injection drug use has documented the frequency of its occurrence as well as some of the resulting consequences such as increased prevalence of HIV and hepatitis C virus. Access to prison-based harm reduction programing is thus important. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to learn from former prisoner experiences and insights on in-prison injection drug use in order to advance and improve access to harm reduction options, in particular prison-based needle and syringe programs (PNSPs)...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406274/barriers-and-facilitators-to-hiv-testing-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-kingston-jamaica-a-qualitative-study
#10
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Natasha Brien, Nicolette Jones, Nakia Lee-Foon, Kandasi Levermore, Annecka Marshall, Laura Nyblade, Peter A Newman
INTRODUCTION: Young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Jamaica have the highest HIV prevalence in the Caribbean. There is little information about HIV among transgender women in Jamaica, who are also overrepresented in the Caribbean epidemic. HIV-related stigma is a barrier to HIV testing among Jamaica's general population, yet little is known of MSM and transgender women's HIV testing experiences in Jamaica. We explored perceived barriers and facilitators to HIV testing among young MSM and transgender women in Kingston, Jamaica...
March 3, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349607/predicting-the-emergence-of-community-psychology-and-community-development-in-91-countries-with-brief-case-studies-of-chile-and-ghana
#11
Felicia Hanitio, Douglas D Perkins
Using a mixed-method analysis, we propose and test a framework for predicting the international development of community psychology (CP) and community development (CD) as two examples of applied community-based research (CBR) disciplines aiming to link local knowledge generation with social change. Multiple regressions on an international sample of 91 countries were used to determine the relative influences of preexisting grassroots activism, population size, social and economic development, and civil liberties on estimates of the current strength of CP and CD based on Internet search and review of training courses and programs, published articles and journals, and professional organizations and conferences in these countries...
March 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345742/a-qualitative-exploration-of-chronic-pain-and-opioid-treatment-among-hiv-patients-with-drug-use-disorders
#12
Sarina R Isenberg, Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Kathleen Ridgeway, Mary C Beach, Amy R Knowlton
OBJECTIVE: The study explored high-risk participants' experiences with pain management regarding clinical access to and use of prescription opioids. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interviews and focus groups. SETTING: Data were collected August 2014 to May 2015 at an urban community-based research facility in Baltimore City, MD. PARTICIPANTS: HIV participants with chronic pain and a history of illicit drug use. METHODS: Qualitative coding and analysis used an iterative, inductive, and thematic approach and coders achieved inter-coder consistency...
January 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340092/community-based-effectiveness-trials-as-a-means-to-disseminate-evidence-based-and-culturally-responsive-behavioral-health-interventions
#13
Flavio F Marsiglia, Patricia Dustman, Mary Harthun, Chelsea Coyne Ritland, Adriana Umaña-Taylor
This article adds to the existing knowledge about innovative community-based approaches used to reduce and eliminate behavioral health disparities. Special attention is given to culturally appropriate interventions that increase access to care and that improve the quality of behavioral health services across different geographic regions and communities. Effectiveness trials are presented as appropriate tools to translate existing efficacious interventions into real-world settings. This article describes how to transition from efficacy to effectiveness, including factors essential to consider from the perspectives of university-based research teams and community-based organizations (CBOs)...
March 14, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335616/predictors-of-cd4-health-and-viral-suppression-outcomes-for-formerly-homeless-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-scattered-site-supportive-housing
#14
Elizabeth A Bowen, James Canfield, Suzanne Moore, Midge Hines, Brent Hartke, Chrissy Rademacher
Stable housing is key to improving health outcomes for people living with HIV/AIDS. Though many formerly homeless HIV positive individuals reside in supportive housing, little research has examined biometric HIV health outcomes for residents of these programs. Through a community-based research partnership, this study analyzed secondary data from a Shelter Plus Care supportive housing program in Cincinnati, Ohio to examine the likelihood of participants achieving a healthy CD4 count (>500 cells/mm(3)) and viral suppression (viral load <200 copies/mL) while in supportive housing and to identify participant characteristics associated with these outcomes...
March 23, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303532/enhancing-the-role-of-faith-based-organizations-to-improve-health-a-commentary
#15
Nancy E Schoenberg
Researchers, policymakers, and community members increasingly recognize the potential to leverage faith-based organizations (FBOs) to improve health. This commentary complements Leyva and colleagues' article on whether and how members of FBOs view such a role. The commentary draws on our 13+ years operating a faith-based and community-based research organization, Faith Moves Mountains, in the Appalachian context. Issues to be addressed in the further development of faith-based health promotion include sustainability; adherence to the evidence-based operations of interventions, training, and privacy and protection protocols; and understanding the changing landscape of American public life...
March 16, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277027/social-network-perspective-on-alcohol-consumption-among-african-american-women-a-longitudinal-analysis
#16
Cui Yang, Jingyan Yang, Melissa Davey-Rothwell, Carl Latkin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine alcohol use in African American women's social networks. DESIGN: This was a longitudinal study of African American women and their social networks in Baltimore, MD. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews at a community-based research clinic. Alcohol consumption frequency was assessed by a single question 'How often do you drink alcohol?' with a four-point ordinal rating scale 'never,' 'monthly or less,' '2-4 times a month' and '>2 times a week...
February 9, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264704/initiating-community-engagement-in-an-ecohealth-research-project-in-southern-africa
#17
Rosemary Musesengwa, Moses J Chimbari, Samson Mukaratirwa
BACKGROUND: Community Engagement (CE) in health research ensures that research is consistent with the socio-cultural, political and economic contexts where the research is conducted. The greatest challenges for researchers are the practical aspects of CE in multicentre health research. This study describes the CE in an ecohealth community-based research project focusing on two vulnerable and research naive rural communities. METHODS: A qualitative, longitudinal multiple case study approach was used...
March 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255600/impact-of-participation-in-community-based-research-among-undergraduate-and-graduate-students
#18
Cheryl L George, Jennifer Wood-Kanupka, Kathryn N Oriel
Participation in community-based research provides college students with a high-impact experience involving both research and service learning. Presently, the impact of participation in community-based research projects has been measured most often through the use of post-learning course evaluations and case studies. The authors describe the impact of participation in community-based research, at a small liberal arts college, on undergraduate education students and graduate physical therapy students using the Community-Based Research Student Learning Outcomes Survey...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254496/how-do-us-pediatric-residency-programs-teach-and-evaluate-community-pediatrics-and-advocacy-training
#19
Cara Lichtenstein, Benjamin D Hoffman, Rachel Y Moon
OBJECTIVE: In 2013, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education updated requirements for training in community pediatrics and advocacy in pediatric residency programs. In light of this update, the aim of this study was to better understand how community pediatrics is being taught and evaluated in pediatric residency programs in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional exploratory study using a Web-based survey of pediatric residency program directors in September 2014...
February 28, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187690/needs-of-a-silent-minority
#20
Mary Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, Marshall K Cheney
Mexican male to female transgender asylum seekers in the United States suffer from serious health issues that can be attributed to stressors related to their transgender, ethnic minority, and socioeconomic status. This study explored these stressors, the resulting health issues, and the needs of this particularly vulnerable population. Asylum seekers' (n = 45) sworn declarations and psychological evaluations were examined by a multidisciplinary research team using a systematic document review process. The review identified stressors that occurred both in Mexico and the United States: verbal, physical, and sexual assaults; unstable environments; fear for safety/security; hiding undocumented status; and economic insecurity...
February 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
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