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"Community-based research"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450196/recruitment-and-lessons-learned-from-a-community-based-intervention-program-the-learning-families-project-in-hong-kong
#1
Joanna T W Chu, Alice Wan, Sunita M Stewart, Kwok Tung Ng, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
Background: Recruitment is central to any research project, and recruitment itself should be well documented and researched. We describe our recruitment efforts for a community-based research project-entitled the Learning Families Project-conducted in Hong Kong. Methods: In collaboration with community stakeholders, residents from a public housing estate were recruited to participate in family programs aimed at enhancing family well-being. Various recruitment strategies were employed including the distribution of 19,200 leaflets, 688 posters, a banner, a kick-off ceremony, 10 promotion activities, 1,000 direct calls, word of mouth, 51 mobile counters, and 10 door-to-door visits...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401222/older-coresearchers-exploring-age-friendly-communities-an-insider-perspective-on-the-benefits-and-challenges-of-peer-research
#2
Tine Buffel
Background and Objectives: A growing body of work suggests that co- or peer-research may contribute to understanding the complex health and social problems experienced in later life. Yet, only a limited number of studies have involved older persons as partners in the research process. Moreover, in conflict with the philosophy of participatory research, the views of those acting as coresearchers tend to be ignored. This paper gives an "insider" account of the process of coresearch, drawing upon the experiences of older people trained to undertake a community-based research project...
February 1, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400414/culturally-grounded-mother-daughter-communication-focused-intervention-for-thai-female-adolescents
#3
Arpaporn Powwattana, Pimrat Thammaraksa, Sroy Manora
Teenage pregnancy-prevention interventions have fallen short in significantly decreasing risk of pregnancy for Thai populations. The "breaking the voice" ("rak luk khun tong pood") culture-appropriate teenage pregnancy-prevention program was developed using community-based research. Qualitative analyses of focus group data identified salient factors related to sexual communication and behavior. The integration of focus group results with theoretical constructs guided the development of an intervention to reduce risky sexual behavior by increasing communication between mothers and their adolescent daughters...
February 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340269/examining-relationships-between-perceptions-and-objective-assessments-of-neighborhood-environment-and-sedentary-time-data-from-the-washington-d-c-cardiovascular-health-and-needs-assessment
#4
Chaarushi Ahuja, Colby Ayers, Jacob Hartz, Joel Adu-Brimpong, Samantha Thomas, Valerie Mitchell, Marlene Peters-Lawrence, Dana Sampson, Alyssa T Brooks, Gwenyth Wallen, Allan Johnson, Lennox Graham, Avis Graham, Joshua Rivers, Leah Yingling, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Sedentary time (ST) and neighborhood environment (NE) are predictors of cardiovascular (CV) health. However, little is known about ST's relationship with NE. We examined associations of perceived and objective NE with ST in the predominantly African American faith-based population of the Washington, D.C. CV Health and Needs Assessment. After using community-based research principles, participants reported NE perceptions, including sidewalks, recreational areas, and crime presence. Factor analysis was conducted to explore pertinent constructs; factor sums were created and combined as Total Perception Score (TPS) (higher score = more favorable perception)...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304164/influence-of-peer-support-on-hiv-sti-prevention-and-safety-amongst-international-migrant-sex-workers-a-qualitative-study-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#5
Belen Febres-Cordero, Kimberly C Brouwer, Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Carmen Fernandez-Casanueva, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Shira M Goldenberg
BACKGROUND: Migrant women engaged in precarious employment, such as sex work, frequently face pronounced social isolation alongside other barriers to health and human rights. Although peer support has been identified as a critical HIV and violence prevention intervention for sex workers, little is known about access to peer support or its role in shaping health and social outcomes for migrant sex workers. This article analyses the role of peer support in shaping vulnerability and resilience related to HIV/STI prevention and violence among international migrant sex workers at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294694/examining-the-relationship-between-intimate-partner-violence-and-concern-for-animal-care-and-safekeeping
#6
Melissa A Wuerch, Crystal J Giesbrecht, Jill A B Price, Tracy Knutson, Frances Wach
The current study examined the knowledge and experience of animal welfare and human service providers in urban and rural communities of Saskatchewan, Canada. Nine exploratory qualitative interviews were conducted to gather a more in-depth understanding of whether the concern for animal care and safekeeping impacts the decision to leave situations of intimate partner violence. The interviews were semistructured and guided by four questions, which were designed, reviewed, and revised based on feedback from a community-based research team...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289925/the-role-of-relationships-in-collaborative-partnership-success-lessons-from-the-alaska-fourth-r-project
#7
Claire V Crooks, Deinera Exner-Cortens, Wendi Siebold, Kami Moore, Lori Grassgreen, Patricia Owen, Ann Rausch, Mollie Rosier
Collaborative partnerships are critical to achieving health equity. As such, it is important to understand what contributes to the success of such partnerships. This paper describes the Alaska Fourth R collaborative, a multisectoral group of agencies (including education, health and human services, the violence against women sector, the governor's council on domestic violence, and an external evaluator) that successfully planned, implemented and evaluated a multi-focus health education program statewide. The purpose of this paper was to explore the ways in which seven pre-identified factors contributed to the successful achievement of the collaborative's goals...
December 26, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279878/epidemiology-of-underactive-bladder-common-but-underresearched
#8
REVIEW
Young Dong Yu, Seong Jin Jeong
Detrusor underactivity (DU) or underactive bladder is a common cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), but it is still poorly understood and underresearched. Although there has been a proposed definition by International Continence Society in 2002, no widely accepted diagnostic criteria have been established for this entity in clinical practice. Therefore, it has been rare to identify community-based researches on the epidemiology of DU until now. Only certain studies have reported the prevalence of DU in community-dwelling cohorts with significant LUTS using arbitrary urodynamic criteria for DU and these investigations have indicated that DU accounts for 25%-48% and 12%-24% of elderly men and women, respectively...
December 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218723/how-do-our-values-inform-ethical-research-a-narrative-of-recognizing-colonizing-practices
#9
Peta Dzidic, Brian Bishop
How do you reconcile tensions between ethical research practice, personal values, and disciplinary values? This article focuses on an ethical challenge involving the engagement of rural Indigenous community members that emerged during my PhD fieldwork. The narrative illustrates the necessity to engage in critical reflexive research practice, a process which saw me respond to my own feelings of "wrong" and "right," contemplate a distinction between procedural ethics and virtue ethics in community-based research, explore colonizing research practices, and endeavor to reconcile an instance where the values of community psychology appeared in contest...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145882/what-goes-around-the-process-of-building-a-community-based-harm-reduction-research-project
#10
Chelsea Jalloh, Shohan Illsley, John Wylie, Paula Migliardi, Ethan West, Debbie Stewart, Javier Mignone
BACKGROUND: Often, research takes place on underserved populations rather than with underserved populations. This approach can further isolate and stigmatize groups that are already made marginalized. What Goes Around is a community-based research project that was led by community members themselves (Peers). CASE PRESENTATION: This research aimed to implement a community-based research methodology grounded in the leadership and growing research capacity of community researchers and to investigate a topic which community members identified as important and meaningful...
November 16, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056624/community-health-warriors-marshallese-community-health-workers-perceptions-and-experiences-with-cbpr-and-community-engagement
#11
Rachel S Purvis, Williamina Ioanna Bing, Christopher J Jacob, Sharlynn Lang, Sammie Mamis, Mandy Ritok, Jellesen Rubon-Chutaro, Pearl Anna McElfish
Our manuscript highlights the viewpoints and reflections of the native Marshallese community health workers (CHWs) engaged in research with the local Marshallese community in Northwest Arkansas. In particular, this paper documents the vital role Marshallese CHWs play in the success of programs and research efforts. The negative health effects of nuclear testing in the Marshall Islands has been passed down through many generations, along with unfavorable attitudes toward the U.S. government and researchers. However, the community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach used by the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) has allowed the native Marshallese CHWs to become advocates for the Marshallese community...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056615/enrolling-family-participants-in-a-statewide-implementation-trial-of-an-evidence-based-treatment
#12
Carrie B Jackson, Fiona L Macphee, Leah J Hunter, Amy D Herschell, Mary J Carter
BACKGROUND: Community-based research with families is subject to unique challenges in recruiting and enrolling participants, particularly when researchers do not have face-to-face contact with participants. OBJECTIVES: To identify strategies that overcome challenges associated with the recruitment and enrollment of family participants from community behavioral health settings into a research study. METHODS: We used a case study design to describe lessons learned during the recruitment and enrollment phases of a large-scale study of the implementation of an evidence-based treatment (EBT) across the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034670/-community-based-research-in-therapeutic-patient-education-practices-and-contributions-a-literature-review
#13
Olivia Gross, Vincent de Andrade, Rémi Gagnayre
INTRODUCTION: Community-based research (CBR) in health involves both researchers and people concerned by the results of the research. It aims to empower populations, using their exposure to the phenomenon being studied as a starting point. The use of CBR in the field of therapeutic patient education (TPE) is of interest, as the two share such characteristics as the desire to foster self-reliance and participation and a culture of interdisciplinarity. AIM: To characterize CBR in the therapeutic patient education field...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034669/-the-seintinelles-an-innovative-approach-to-promoting-community-based-research-and-sustaining-health-democracy-in-oncology
#14
Charlotte Bauquier, Myriam Pannard, Marie Préau
Community-based research drives innovation in major fields of public health, HIV/AIDS being the most emblematic example (Demange, Henry & Préau, 2012), and hepatitis. However, this type of research appears to be more difficult to develop in certain specific diseases, such as cancer (Shankand, Saïas & Friboulet, 2009). This article proposes various approaches concerning current citizen mobilization in relation to cancer research, including potential new levers to the development of participative and community-based research based on the recent creation of the Seintinelles platform, designed to federate researchers and citizens concerned by the problem of cancer...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033613/let-us-fight-and-support-one-another-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-on-contributors-and-solutions-to-hiv-risk-in-zambia
#15
Stefani A Butts, Lauren E Parmley, Maria L Alcaide, Violeta J Rodriguez, Annette Kayukwa, Ndashi Chitalu, Stephen M Weiss, Deborah L Jones
In Zambia, adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), social, cultural and economic factors making them particularly vulnerable. This study was designed to understand the context in which AGYW are at risk and to identify perceived drivers of the epidemic and potential strategies to reduce HIV risk. Focus group discussions were conducted with AGYW in Zambian districts with the highest HIV prevalence from February through August 2016. The focus group guide addressed HIV risk factors and strategies for HIV prevention in AGYW...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025808/learning-the-truth-first-hand-about-reconciliation-community-based-research-and-first-nations-health-in-rural-manitoba
#16
Sarah de Leeuw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017335/oxytocin-levels-in-community-collected-saliva-samples-transported-by-dry-versus-wet-ice
#17
Lois C Howland, Rita H Pickler, Brent A Sullenbarger, Cynthia D Connelly
Oxytocin (OT), a neuropeptide produced primarily in the hypothalamus, is associated with both critical physiological and psychological processes, particularly stress and feelings of affiliation. Increasingly, researchers are seeking ways to reliably incorporate OT as an outcome biomarker in clinical research. Previously, OT levels were measured in plasma or urine. Recently, researchers have measured this biomarker in saliva, particularly when conducting research in clinical and community settings. In spite of increased interest in the use of salivary OT in clinical research, procedures for handling, transport, and analysis of specimens vary...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992828/differences-in-sleep-patterns-and-problems-by-race-in-a-clinical-sample-of-black-and-white-preschoolers
#18
Ariel A Williamson, Sonia L Rubens, Kristina E Patrick, Melisa Moore, Jodi A Mindell
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Community-based research indicates that Black preschoolers tend to have more bedtime difficulties and are at higher risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) compared to White preschoolers. This study examined differences in sleep patterns and problems by race among a clinical sample of Black and White preschoolers at an outpatient sleep clinic. METHODS: Data were collected from electronic medical records for 125 children ages 2-5 years (mean = 3...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957412/cohort-profile-the-canadian-hiv-women-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-cohort-study-chiwos
#19
Mona Loutfy, Alexandra de Pokomandy, V Logan Kennedy, Allison Carter, Nadia O'Brien, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Erin Ding, Johanna Lewis, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Saara Greene, Wangari Tharao, Anita Benoit, Danièle Dubuc, Jamie Thomas-Pavanel, Paul Sereda, Shahab Jabbari, Jayson H Shurgold, Guillaume Colley, Robert S Hogg, Angela Kaida
Globally, women are at increased vulnerability to HIV due to biological, social, structural, and political reasons. Women living with HIV also experience unique issues related to their medical and social healthcare, which makes a clinical care model specific to their needs worthy of exploration. Furthermore, there is a dearth of research specific to women living with HIV. Research for this population has often been narrowly focused on pregnancy-related issues without considering their complex structural inequalities, social roles, and healthcare and biological needs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903081/ethical-practices-in-community-based-research-in-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Nupur Singhal, Poornima Bhola
BACKGROUND: The growing interest in community-based research on non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) reflects the high prevalence rates found among vulnerable adolescents and young adults. A significant concern in research with vulnerable populations, and on sensitive topics, is the development of an ethical framework that protects the needs and rights of the participants while responding to researchers' goals and limitations and the broader clinical and public health concerns. AIM: The aim of the present study was to review the ethical practices followed in community-based research on NSSI...
September 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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