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"Community-based research"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340092/community-based-effectiveness-trials-as-a-means-to-disseminate-evidence-based-and-culturally-responsive-behavioral-health-interventions
#1
Flavio F Marsiglia, Patricia Dustman, Mary Harthun, Chelsea Coyne Ritland, Adriana Umaña-Taylor
This article adds to the existing knowledge about innovative community-based approaches used to reduce and eliminate behavioral health disparities. Special attention is given to culturally appropriate interventions that increase access to care and that improve the quality of behavioral health services across different geographic regions and communities. Effectiveness trials are presented as appropriate tools to translate existing efficacious interventions into real-world settings. This article describes how to transition from efficacy to effectiveness, including factors essential to consider from the perspectives of university-based research teams and community-based organizations (CBOs)...
March 14, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335616/predictors-of-cd4-health-and-viral-suppression-outcomes-for-formerly-homeless-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-scattered-site-supportive-housing
#2
Elizabeth A Bowen, James Canfield, Suzanne Moore, Midge Hines, Brent Hartke, Chrissy Rademacher
Stable housing is key to improving health outcomes for people living with HIV/AIDS. Though many formerly homeless HIV positive individuals reside in supportive housing, little research has examined biometric HIV health outcomes for residents of these programs. Through a community-based research partnership, this study analyzed secondary data from a Shelter Plus Care supportive housing program in Cincinnati, Ohio to examine the likelihood of participants achieving a healthy CD4 count (>500 cells/mm(3)) and viral suppression (viral load <200 copies/mL) while in supportive housing and to identify participant characteristics associated with these outcomes...
March 23, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303532/enhancing-the-role-of-faith-based-organizations-to-improve-health-a-commentary
#3
Nancy E Schoenberg
Researchers, policymakers, and community members increasingly recognize the potential to leverage faith-based organizations (FBOs) to improve health. This commentary complements Leyva and colleagues' article on whether and how members of FBOs view such a role. The commentary draws on our 13+ years operating a faith-based and community-based research organization, Faith Moves Mountains, in the Appalachian context. Issues to be addressed in the further development of faith-based health promotion include sustainability; adherence to the evidence-based operations of interventions, training, and privacy and protection protocols; and understanding the changing landscape of American public life...
March 16, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277027/social-network-perspective-on-alcohol-consumption-among-african-american-women-a-longitudinal-analysis
#4
Cui Yang, Jingyan Yang, Melissa Davey-Rothwell, Carl Latkin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine alcohol use in African American women's social networks. DESIGN: This was a longitudinal study of African American women and their social networks in Baltimore, MD. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews at a community-based research clinic. Alcohol consumption frequency was assessed by a single question 'How often do you drink alcohol?' with a four-point ordinal rating scale 'never,' 'monthly or less,' '2-4 times a month' and '>2 times a week...
February 9, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264704/initiating-community-engagement-in-an-ecohealth-research-project-in-southern-africa
#5
Rosemary Musesengwa, Moses J Chimbari, Samson Mukaratirwa
BACKGROUND: Community Engagement (CE) in health research ensures that research is consistent with the socio-cultural, political and economic contexts where the research is conducted. The greatest challenges for researchers are the practical aspects of CE in multicentre health research. This study describes the CE in an ecohealth community-based research project focusing on two vulnerable and research naive rural communities. METHODS: A qualitative, longitudinal multiple case study approach was used...
March 7, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255600/impact-of-participation-in-community-based-research-among-undergraduate-and-graduate-students
#6
Cheryl L George, Jennifer Wood-Kanupka, Kathryn N Oriel
Participation in community-based research provides college students with a high-impact experience involving both research and service learning. Presently, the impact of participation in community-based research projects has been measured most often through the use of post-learning course evaluations and case studies. The authors describe the impact of participation in community-based research, at a small liberal arts college, on undergraduate education students and graduate physical therapy students using the Community-Based Research Student Learning Outcomes Survey...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254496/how-do-us-pediatric-residency-programs-teach-and-evaluate-community-pediatrics-and-advocacy-training
#7
Cara Lichtenstein, Benjamin D Hoffman, Rachel Y Moon
OBJECTIVE: In 2013, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) updated requirements for training in community pediatrics and advocacy in pediatric residency programs. In light of this update, the aim of this study was to better understand how community pediatrics is being taught and evaluated in pediatric residency programs in the US. METHODS: Cross-sectional exploratory study using a web-based survey of pediatric residency program directors in September 2014...
February 27, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187690/needs-of-a-silent-minority
#8
Mary Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, Marshall K Cheney
Mexican male to female transgender asylum seekers in the United States suffer from serious health issues that can be attributed to stressors related to their transgender, ethnic minority, and socioeconomic status. This study explored these stressors, the resulting health issues, and the needs of this particularly vulnerable population. Asylum seekers' (n = 45) sworn declarations and psychological evaluations were examined by a multidisciplinary research team using a systematic document review process. The review identified stressors that occurred both in Mexico and the United States: verbal, physical, and sexual assaults; unstable environments; fear for safety/security; hiding undocumented status; and economic insecurity...
February 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135693/community-based-participatory-research-in-a-heavily-researched-inner-city-neighbourhood-perspectives-of-people-who-use-drugs-on-their-experiences-as-peer-researchers
#9
Will Damon, Cody Callon, Lee Wiebe, Will Small, Thomas Kerr, Ryan McNeil
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) has become an increasingly common approach to research involving people who use(d) drugs (PWUD), who are often employed as peer researchers on these projects. This paper seeks to understand the impact of CBPR on PWUD, particularly those living in heavily researched and stigmatized neighbourhoods where CBPR projects are often located. This study draws on 14 in-depth interviews with PWUD who had previous experience as both peer researchers and research participants in CBPR projects conducted between July 2010 and February 2011...
January 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062811/moving-upstream-health-extension-and-primary-care
#10
Lyle J Fagnan
Health extension programs represent an opportunity for practice-based research networks (PBRNs) and primary care practices to develop collaborations reaching beyond the clinic walls to address the upstream social determinants of health and engage in community-based research. The Health Extension Regional Officers (HEROs) program at the University of New Mexico described in this issue of the JABFM is an innovative model with a bidirectional approach to linking academic health centers to community-based practices and organizations...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027664/barriers-and-facilitators-to-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-testing-for-gay-bisexual-and-other-transgender-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Ayden I Scheim, Robb Travers
Transgender men who have sex with men (trans MSM) may be at elevated risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI), and therefore require access to HIV and STI testing services. However, trans people often face stigma, discrimination, and gaps in provider competence when attempting to access health care and may therefore postpone, avoid, or be refused care. In this context, quantitative data have indicated low access to, and uptake of, HIV testing among trans MSM. The present manuscript aimed to identify trans MSM's perspectives on barriers and facilitators to HIV and STI testing...
December 27, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027023/interventions-for-healthy-aging-among-mature-black-lesbians-recommendations-gathered-through-community-based-research
#12
Kristie L Seelman, Mary Anne Adams, Tonia Poteat
Black lesbians have unique needs for gerontological services that reflect their experiences of intersectional oppression and resilience. Yet there is a major knowledge gap about interventions that promote healthy aging in this population, as voiced by Black lesbians themselves. To address this need, 100 Black lesbians, ranging in age from 41 to 91, participated in focus groups in Atlanta, Georgia, to discuss their experiences of aging, health needs, and recommendations for interventions. Through thematic analysis, we identified six themes related to suggested approaches for healthy aging interventions...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938644/creating-exclusive-breastfeeding-knowledge-translation-tools-with-first-nations-mothers-in-northwest-territories-canada
#13
Pertice Moffitt, Raissa Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an ideal method of infant feeding affecting lifelong health, and yet the uptake of breastfeeding in some Indigenous communities in Canada's north is low. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this project were to determine the rate and determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in a remote community in the Northwest Territories and to create knowledge translation tools to enhance breastfeeding locally. METHODS: The study methodology followed three steps...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938248/-working-with-cow-social-work-supporting-older-women-living-in-the-community
#14
Margot Rawsthorne, Kayleigh Ellis, Alison de Pree
Australia, like all developed Western countries, is experiencing a demographic shift resulting in an increasing proportion of the population being over the age of 65 years. Contrary to stereotypes, the vast majority of older people live independently in communities. This article explores the potential of social work practice informed by community development principles to enable socially disadvantaged older women to live in vibrant and supportive communities, in which they feel safe and are able to access the support services they need...
January 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927725/correlates-of-caregiver-participation-in-a-brief-community-based-dementia-care-management-program
#15
Shahrzad Mavandadi, Samir Patel, Amy Benson, Suzanne DiFilippo, Joel Streim, David Oslin
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The evidence base for dementia care management interventions for informal caregivers (CGs) is strong, yet enrollment and sustained engagement in academic and community-based research trials is low. This study sought to examine rates and correlates of participation in a community-based, telephone-delivered dementia care management program designed to address logistic and practical barriers to participation in CG trials and services. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants included 290 CGs of older, community-dwelling, low-income care recipients (CRs) who met criteria for enrollment in a collaborative dementia care management program that provides assessment, psychosocial support and education, and connection to community resources via telephone...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876454/will-the-global-hiv-response-fail-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
George Ayala, Glenn-Milo Santos
INTRODUCTION: Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men are among the small number of groups for whom HIV remains uncontrolled worldwide. Although there have been recent and notable decreases in HIV incidence across several countries, prevalence and incidence is consistently higher or rising among men who have sex with men when compared with other groups. METHODS: In 2014, MSMGF (the Global Forum on MSM & HIV) conducted its third biennial Global Men's Health and Rights Study, an international, multilingual, web-based cross-sectional survey of men who have sex with men recruited through online convenience sampling...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797013/leading-by-success-impact-of-a-clinical-and-translational-research-infrastructure-program-to-address-health-inequities
#17
Bruce Shiramizu, Vicki Shambaugh, Helen Petrovich, Todd B Seto, Tammy Ho, Noreen Mokuau, Jerris R Hedges
Building research infrastructure capacity to address clinical and translational gaps has been a focus of funding agencies and foundations. Clinical and Translational Sciences Awards, Research Centers in Minority Institutions Infrastructure for Clinical and Translational Research (RCTR), and the Institutional Development Award Infrastructure for Clinical and Translational Research funded by the US government to fund clinical translational research programs have existed for over a decade to address racial and ethnic health disparities across the USA...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780881/twelve-committed-men-the-feasibility-of-a-community-based-participatory-hiv-prevention-intervention-within-a-canadian-men-s-correctional-facility
#18
Ruth Elwood Martin, Renee Turner, Larry Howett, Terry Howard, Debra Hanberg, Jane A Buxton, Veronika Moravan, John L Oliffe
OBJECTIVES: The intervention objectives were to evaluate and describe the feasibility of using a community-based research (CBR) approach to adapt and implement HIV-prevention materials and tools with incarcerated men. We found no prior published reports about CBR HIV-prevention education in Canadian correctional facilities. METHODS: Twelve members of the correctional Peer Education Committee (PEC) and Aboriginal PEC, whom a correctional nurse identified as being interested in preventive health, were purposively invited to participate...
October 25, 2016: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738282/community-based-participatory-research-speed-dating-an-innovative-model-for-fostering-collaborations-between-community-leaders-and-academic-researchers
#19
Melanie T Tucker, Dwight W Lewis, Pamela Payne Foster, Felecia Lucky, Lea G Yerby, Lisle Hites, John C Higginbotham
Developing meaningful community-based participatory relationships between researchers and the community can be challenging. The overall success of a community-based participatory relationship should be predicated on commitment and respect from empowered stakeholders. Prior to developing the technique discussed in this article, we hypothesized that the process of fostering relationships between researchers and the community was much like a social relationship: It has to develop organically and cannot be forced...
November 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717364/meaningful-engagement-of-people-living-with-hiv-who-use-drugs-methodology-for-the-design-of-a-peer-research-associate-pra-hiring-model
#20
K Closson, R McNeil, P McDougall, S Fernando, A B Collins, R Baltzer Turje, T Howard, S Parashar
BACKGROUND: Community-based HIV, harm reduction, and addiction research increasingly involve members of affected communities as Peer Research Associates (PRAs)-individuals with common experiences to the participant population (e.g. people who use drugs, people living with HIV [PLHIV]). However, there is a paucity of literature detailing the operationalization of PRA hiring and thus limited understanding regarding how affected communities can be meaningfully involved through low-barrier engagement in paid positions within community-based participatory research (CBPR) projects...
October 7, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
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