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"Community-based research"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923534/a-cohort-study-on-risk-factors-for-preterm-births-in-rural-gujarat
#1
Poonam Trivedi, Deepak Saxena, Tapasvi Puwar, Shital Savaliya, Parthasarathi Ganguly
Background: Prematurity is one of the leading causes of neonatal and under-five mortalities globally and also in India. It is an important determinant of short- and long-term morbidities in infants and children. Unfortunately, risk factors of majority of preterm births (PTBs) remain unexplained which calls for appropriate action. There is a dearth of community-based research on PTB and its risk factors, especially in high burden countries like India. Objectives: The objective of the study was to explore different risk factors for PTB...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848007/marginalization-and-social-change-processes-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-persons-in-swaziland-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#2
Carmen H Logie, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Jesse Jenkinson, Veli Madau, Winnie Nhlengethwa, Stefan Baral
Swaziland has among the highest national adult HIV prevalence globally. There is limited knowledge of HIV vulnerabilities and prevention engagement among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons in the context of Swaziland's criminalization of consensual same-sex practices. This study explored social processes of marginalization to assess how they could potentiate HIV vulnerabilities and limit engagement in HIV prevention services. Additionally, we assessed positive change to better understand existing strategies employed by LGBT persons to challenge these HIV prevention barriers...
May 30, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797513/the-development-of-a-conceptual-framework-and-preliminary-item-bank-for-childbirth-specific-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#3
Lisa M Korst, Moshe Fridman, Samia Saeb, Naomi Greene, Arlene Fink, Kimberly D Gregory
OBJECTIVE: To develop a conceptual framework and preliminary item bank for childbirth-specific patient-reported outcome (PRO) domains. DATA SOURCES: Women, who were U.S. residents, ≥18 years old, and ≥20 weeks pregnant, were surveyed regarding their childbirth values and preferences (V&P) using online panels. STUDY DESIGN: Using community-based research techniques and Patient-Reported Outcomes Management Information System (PROMIS® ) methodology, we conducted a comprehensive literature review to identify self-reported survey items regarding patient-reported V&P and childbirth experiences and outcomes (PROs)...
May 24, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772397/grandmother-and-health-care-professional-breastfeeding-perspectives-provide-opportunities-for-health-promotion-in-an-american-indian-community
#4
Bailey Houghtaling, Carmen Byker Shanks, Selena Ahmed, Elizabeth Rink
RATIONALE: While breastfeeding is well recognized as beneficial, rates of breastfeeding among American Indian women are below average and contribute to health inequities. Culturally specific approaches to breastfeeding research are called for to inform appropriate interventions in American Indian communities. Specifically, a grandmother's role in breastfeeding promotion is of great import particularly in American Indian (AI) groups, although is an understudied topic to date. OBJECTIVE: This research seeks to fill a prominent literature gap by utilizing a grounded theory and community-based research approach to inform breastfeeding practices from the voices of grandmothers and health care professionals in a rural AI community in the United States...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740854/a-tripartite-model-for-recruiting-african-americans-into-fatherhood-intervention-research
#5
Wrenetha A Julion, Jen'nea Sumo, Dawn T Bounds
Many studies have examined factors influencing African-American (AA) participation in research studies. But none inform the recruitment of AA men into fatherhood intervention research. Our purpose is to describe the recruitment and enrollment framework of the Dedicated African American Dad (DAAD) Study, a randomized controlled trial (RCT) designed to test a fatherhood intervention against a financial literacy comparison condition. AA nonresident (AANR) fathers are fathers who do not reside with their child on a full-time basis...
May 9, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731810/governing-well-in-community-based-research-lessons-from-canada-s-hiv-research-sector-on-ethics-publics-and-the-care-of-the-self
#6
Adrian Guta, Stuart J Murray, Carol Strike, Sarah Flicker, Ross Upshur, Ted Myers
In this paper, we extend Michel Foucault's final works on the 'care of the self' to an empirical examination of research practice in community-based research (CBR). We use Foucault's 'morality of behaviors' to analyze interview data from a national sample of Canadian CBR practitioners working with communities affected by HIV. Despite claims in the literature that ethics review is overly burdensome for non-traditional forms of research, our findings suggest that many researchers using CBR have an ambivalent but ultimately productive relationship with institutional research ethics review requirements...
November 2017: Public Health Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703218/physical-activity-and-nutrition-intervention-for-singaporean-women-aged-50-years-and-above-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Elaine Yee-Sing Wong, Andy H Lee, Anthony P James, Jonine Jancey
BACKGROUND: The majority of the older Singaporean women aged 50 years and above are physically inactive and have unhealthy dietary habits, placing them at 'high risk' of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The adoption of regular physical activity (PA) and a healthy diet are essential lifestyle behaviours to reduce this risk. This randomised controlled trial (RCT) involves the development, implementation and evaluation of a PA and nutrition programme for community-dwelling Singaporean women who currently attend recreational centres (RCs are public facilities supporting social leisure activities) in their local area...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698327/recruitment-techniques-and-strategies-in-a-community-based-colorectal-cancer-screening-study-of-men-and-women-of-african-ancestry
#8
Stacy N Davis, Swapamthi Govindaraju, Brittany Jackson, Kimberly R Williams, Shannon M Christy, Susan T Vadaparampil, Gwendolyn P Quinn, David Shibata, Richard Roetzheim, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
BACKGROUND: Recruiting ethnically diverse Black participants to an innovative, community-based research study to reduce colorectal cancer screening disparities requires multipronged recruitment techniques. OBJECTIVES: This article describes active, passive, and snowball recruitment techniques, and challenges and lessons learned in recruiting a diverse sample of Black participants. METHODS: For each of the three recruitment techniques, data were collected on strategies, enrollment efficiency (participants enrolled/participants evaluated), and reasons for ineligibility...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660999/a-community-based-approach-to-hiv-prevention-in-rural-guatemala
#9
Victoria Orrego Dunleavy, Elena Chudnovskaya, Jazmyne Vanecia Simmons
BACKGROUND: HIV is one of the primary causes of death in Guatemala, and during the period 2005 to 2013, Guatemala exhibited a 95% increase in such deaths. HIV transmission rates are nearly 3 times higher among the indigenous Mayan population than nonindigenous Guatemalans. Guided by the community-based participatory research approach, this article demonstrates the iterative formative research process necessary to develop a deeper and more informed understanding of HIV prevention attitudes and behaviors in the priority population...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606690/strategies-for-recruiting-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-community-based-research-lessons-from-canada
#10
Kath Webster, Allison Carter, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Danièle Dubuc, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Claudine Gasingirwa, Brigitte Ménard, Nadia O'Brien, Kayla Mitchell, Micaela Pereira Bajard, Erin Ding, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Mona Loutfy, Angela Kaida
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the recruitment of women living with HIV (WLWH) into the community-based Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (CHIWOS), because women are under-represented in HIV research. METHODS: There were 1,424 WLWH were enrolled from British Columbia, Ontario, and Québec, who completed detailed questionnaires administered by peer research associates (PRAs; WLWH with research training). During screening, participants were asked: "How did you hear about the study?" We describe recruitment strategies by subpopulation and offer reflections on challenges and successes...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554440/reducing-indigenous-oral-health-inequalities-a-review-from-5-nations
#11
T Tiwari, L Jamieson, J Broughton, H P Lawrence, T S Batliner, R Arantes, J Albino
Indigenous populations around the world experience a disproportionate burden in terms of oral diseases and conditions. These inequalities are likely due to a complex web of social determinants that includes poverty, historical consequences of colonialism, social exclusion, government policies of assimilation, cultural annihilation, and racism in all its forms (societal, institutional). Despite documented oral health disparities, prevention interventions have been scarce in Indigenous communities. This review describes oral health interventions and their outcomes conducted for Indigenous populations of the United States, Canada, Brazil, Australia, and New Zealand...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517419/exercise-testing-protocol-using-a-roller-system-for-manual-wheelchair-users-with-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Kerri A Morgan, Kelly L Taylor, Susan M Tucker, W Todd Cade, Joseph W Klaesner
OBJECTIVE: Determine the validity and reliability of an exercise testing protocol to evaluate cardiorespiratory measures in manual wheelchair users (MWUs) with spinal cord injury (SCI) using a roller-based (RS) wheelchair system. DESIGN: Repeated measures within-subject design. SETTING: Community-based research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Ten adults with SCI requiring the use of a manual wheelchair. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514777/building-yol%C3%A5-u-skills-knowledge-and-priorities-into-early-childhood-assessment-and-support-protocol-for-a-qualitative-study
#13
Anne Lowell, Elaine Lawurrpa Maypilama, Lyn Fasoli, Rosemary Gundjarranbuy, Jenine Godwin-Thompson, Abbey Guyula, Megan Yunupiŋu, Emily Armstrong, Jane Garrutju, Rose McEldowney
BACKGROUND: Yolngu or Yolŋu are a group of indigenous Australian people inhabiting north-eastern Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory of Australia. Recent government policy addressing disparities in outcomes between Indigenous and other children in Australia has resulted in the rapid introduction of early childhood interventions in remote Aboriginal communities. This is despite minimal research into their appropriateness or effectiveness for these contexts. OBJECTIVE: This research aims to privilege Aboriginal early childhood knowledge, priorities and practices and to strengthen the evidence base for culturally responsive and relevant assessment processes and support that distinguishes "difference" from "deficit" to facilitate optimal child development...
March 7, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502790/social-research-and-co-production-with-older-people-developing-age-friendly-communities
#14
Tine Buffel
The aging of the population, together with the need for more inclusive and responsive policies and services, has contributed to a burgeoning interest in co-production and co-research with older people. To date, however, only a limited number of studies have addressed how the participation of older persons as research partners can be practically realized in community-based research. The purpose of this article is to provide insights into the process of co-producing a research project with older residents living in low-income neighborhoods in Manchester, United Kingdom...
March 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450196/recruitment-and-lessons-learned-from-a-community-based-intervention-program-the-learning-families-project-in-hong-kong
#15
Joanna T W Chu, Alice Wan, Sunita M Stewart, Kwok Tung Ng, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
Background: Recruitment is central to any research project, and recruitment itself should be well documented and researched. We describe our recruitment efforts for a community-based research project-entitled the Learning Families Project-conducted in Hong Kong. Methods: In collaboration with community stakeholders, residents from a public housing estate were recruited to participate in family programs aimed at enhancing family well-being. Various recruitment strategies were employed including the distribution of 19,200 leaflets, 688 posters, a banner, a kick-off ceremony, 10 promotion activities, 1,000 direct calls, word of mouth, 51 mobile counters, and 10 door-to-door visits...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401222/older-coresearchers-exploring-age-friendly-communities-an-insider-perspective-on-the-benefits-and-challenges-of-peer-research
#16
Tine Buffel
Background and Objectives: A growing body of work suggests that co- or peer-research may contribute to understanding the complex health and social problems experienced in later life. Yet, only a limited number of studies have involved older persons as partners in the research process. Moreover, in conflict with the philosophy of participatory research, the views of those acting as coresearchers tend to be ignored. This paper gives an "insider" account of the process of coresearch, drawing upon the experiences of older people trained to undertake a community-based research project...
February 1, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400414/culturally-grounded-mother-daughter-communication-focused-intervention-for-thai-female-adolescents
#17
Arpaporn Powwattana, Pimrat Thammaraksa, Sroy Manora
Teenage pregnancy-prevention interventions have fallen short in significantly decreasing risk of pregnancy for Thai populations. The "breaking the voice" ("rak luk khun tong pood") culture-appropriate teenage pregnancy-prevention program was developed using community-based research. Qualitative analyses of focus group data identified salient factors related to sexual communication and behavior. The integration of focus group results with theoretical constructs guided the development of an intervention to reduce risky sexual behavior by increasing communication between mothers and their adolescent daughters...
February 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340269/examining-relationships-between-perceptions-and-objective-assessments-of-neighborhood-environment-and-sedentary-time-data-from-the-washington-d-c-cardiovascular-health-and-needs-assessment
#18
Chaarushi Ahuja, Colby Ayers, Jacob Hartz, Joel Adu-Brimpong, Samantha Thomas, Valerie Mitchell, Marlene Peters-Lawrence, Dana Sampson, Alyssa T Brooks, Gwenyth Wallen, Allan Johnson, Lennox Graham, Avis Graham, Joshua Rivers, Leah Yingling, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Sedentary time (ST) and neighborhood environment (NE) are predictors of cardiovascular (CV) health. However, little is known about ST's relationship with NE. We examined associations of perceived and objective NE with ST in the predominantly African American faith-based population of the Washington, D.C. CV Health and Needs Assessment. After using community-based research principles, participants reported NE perceptions, including sidewalks, recreational areas, and crime presence. Factor analysis was conducted to explore pertinent constructs; factor sums were created and combined as Total Perception Score (TPS) (higher score = more favorable perception)...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304164/influence-of-peer-support-on-hiv-sti-prevention-and-safety-amongst-international-migrant-sex-workers-a-qualitative-study-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#19
Belen Febres-Cordero, Kimberly C Brouwer, Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Carmen Fernandez-Casanueva, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Shira M Goldenberg
BACKGROUND: Migrant women engaged in precarious employment, such as sex work, frequently face pronounced social isolation alongside other barriers to health and human rights. Although peer support has been identified as a critical HIV and violence prevention intervention for sex workers, little is known about access to peer support or its role in shaping health and social outcomes for migrant sex workers. This article analyses the role of peer support in shaping vulnerability and resilience related to HIV/STI prevention and violence among international migrant sex workers at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294694/examining-the-relationship-between-intimate-partner-violence-and-concern-for-animal-care-and-safekeeping
#20
Melissa A Wuerch, Crystal J Giesbrecht, Jill A B Price, Tracy Knutson, Frances Wach
The current study examined the knowledge and experience of animal welfare and human service providers in urban and rural communities of Saskatchewan, Canada. Nine exploratory qualitative interviews were conducted to gather a more in-depth understanding of whether the concern for animal care and safekeeping impacts the decision to leave situations of intimate partner violence. The interviews were semistructured and guided by four questions, which were designed, reviewed, and revised based on feedback from a community-based research team...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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