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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062811/moving-upstream-health-extension-and-primary-care
#1
Lyle J Fagnan
Health extension programs represent an opportunity for practice-based research networks (PBRNs) and primary care practices to develop collaborations reaching beyond the clinic walls to address the upstream social determinants of health and engage in community-based research. The Health Extension Regional Officers (HEROs) program at the University of New Mexico described in this issue of the JABFM is an innovative model with a bidirectional approach to linking academic health centers to community-based practices and organizations...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027664/barriers-and-facilitators-to-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-testing-for-gay-bisexual-and-other-transgender-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
Ayden I Scheim, Robb Travers
Transgender men who have sex with men (trans MSM) may be at elevated risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI), and therefore require access to HIV and STI testing services. However, trans people often face stigma, discrimination, and gaps in provider competence when attempting to access health care and may therefore postpone, avoid, or be refused care. In this context, quantitative data have indicated low access to, and uptake of, HIV testing among trans MSM. The present manuscript aimed to identify trans MSM's perspectives on barriers and facilitators to HIV and STI testing...
December 27, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027023/interventions-for-healthy-aging-among-mature-black-lesbians-recommendations-gathered-through-community-based-research
#3
Kristie L Seelman, Mary Anne Adams, Tonia Poteat
Black lesbians have unique needs for gerontological services that reflect their experiences of intersectional oppression and resilience. Yet there is a major knowledge gap about interventions that promote healthy aging in this population, as voiced by Black lesbians themselves. To address this need, 100 Black lesbians, ranging in age from 41 to 91, participated in focus groups in Atlanta, Georgia, to discuss their experiences of aging, health needs, and recommendations for interventions. Through thematic analysis, we identified six themes related to suggested approaches for healthy aging interventions...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938644/creating-exclusive-breastfeeding-knowledge-translation-tools-with-first-nations-mothers-in-northwest-territories-canada
#4
Pertice Moffitt, Raissa Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is an ideal method of infant feeding affecting lifelong health, and yet the uptake of breastfeeding in some Indigenous communities in Canada's north is low. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this project were to determine the rate and determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in a remote community in the Northwest Territories and to create knowledge translation tools to enhance breastfeeding locally. METHODS: The study methodology followed three steps...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938248/-working-with-cows-social-work-supporting-older-women-living-in-the-community
#5
Margot Rawsthorne, Kayleig Ellis, Alison de Pree
Australia, like all developed western countries, is experiencing a demographic shift resulting in an increasing proportion of the population being over the age of 65 years. Contrary to stereotypes, the vast majority of older people live independently in communities. This paper explores the potential of social work practice informed by community development principles to enable socially disadvantaged older women to live in vibrant and supportive communities, in which they feel safe and are able to access the support services they need...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927725/correlates-of-caregiver-participation-in-a-brief-community-based-dementia-care-management-program
#6
Shahrzad Mavandadi, Samir Patel, Amy Benson, Suzanne DiFilippo, Joel Streim, David Oslin
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The evidence base for dementia care management interventions for informal caregivers (CGs) is strong, yet enrollment and sustained engagement in academic and community-based research trials is low. This study sought to examine rates and correlates of participation in a community-based, telephone-delivered dementia care management program designed to address logistic and practical barriers to participation in CG trials and services. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants included 290 CGs of older, community-dwelling, low-income care recipients (CRs) who met criteria for enrollment in a collaborative dementia care management program that provides assessment, psychosocial support and education, and connection to community resources via telephone...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876454/will-the-global-hiv-response-fail-gay-and-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
George Ayala, Glenn-Milo Santos
INTRODUCTION: Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men are among the small number of groups for whom HIV remains uncontrolled worldwide. Although there have been recent and notable decreases in HIV incidence across several countries, prevalence and incidence is consistently higher or rising among men who have sex with men when compared with other groups. METHODS: In 2014, MSMGF (the Global Forum on MSM & HIV) conducted its third biennial Global Men's Health and Rights Study, an international, multilingual, web-based cross-sectional survey of men who have sex with men recruited through online convenience sampling...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797013/leading-by-success-impact-of-a-clinical-and-translational-research-infrastructure-program-to-address-health-inequities
#8
Bruce Shiramizu, Vicki Shambaugh, Helen Petrovich, Todd B Seto, Tammy Ho, Noreen Mokuau, Jerris R Hedges
Building research infrastructure capacity to address clinical and translational gaps has been a focus of funding agencies and foundations. Clinical and Translational Sciences Awards, Research Centers in Minority Institutions Infrastructure for Clinical and Translational Research (RCTR), and the Institutional Development Award Infrastructure for Clinical and Translational Research funded by the US government to fund clinical translational research programs have existed for over a decade to address racial and ethnic health disparities across the USA...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780881/twelve-committed-men-the-feasibility-of-a-community-based-participatory-hiv-prevention-intervention-within-a-canadian-men-s-correctional-facility
#9
Ruth Elwood Martin, Renee Turner, Larry Howett, Terry Howard, Debra Hanberg, Jane A Buxton, Veronika Moravan, John L Oliffe
OBJECTIVES: The intervention objectives were to evaluate and describe the feasibility of using a community-based research (CBR) approach to adapt and implement HIV-prevention materials and tools with incarcerated men. We found no prior published reports about CBR HIV-prevention education in Canadian correctional facilities. METHODS: Twelve members of the correctional Peer Education Committee (PEC) and Aboriginal PEC, whom a correctional nurse identified as being interested in preventive health, were purposively invited to participate...
October 25, 2016: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738282/community-based-participatory-research-speed-dating-an-innovative-model-for-fostering-collaborations-between-community-leaders-and-academic-researchers
#10
Melanie T Tucker, Dwight W Lewis, Pamela Payne Foster, Felecia Lucky, Lea G Yerby, Lisle Hites, John C Higginbotham
Developing meaningful community-based participatory relationships between researchers and the community can be challenging. The overall success of a community-based participatory relationship should be predicated on commitment and respect from empowered stakeholders. Prior to developing the technique discussed in this article, we hypothesized that the process of fostering relationships between researchers and the community was much like a social relationship: It has to develop organically and cannot be forced...
November 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717364/meaningful-engagement-of-people-living-with-hiv-who-use-drugs-methodology-for-the-design-of-a-peer-research-associate-pra-hiring-model
#11
K Closson, R McNeil, P McDougall, S Fernando, A B Collins, R Baltzer Turje, T Howard, S Parashar
BACKGROUND: Community-based HIV, harm reduction, and addiction research increasingly involve members of affected communities as Peer Research Associates (PRAs)-individuals with common experiences to the participant population (e.g. people who use drugs, people living with HIV [PLHIV]). However, there is a paucity of literature detailing the operationalization of PRA hiring and thus limited understanding regarding how affected communities can be meaningfully involved through low-barrier engagement in paid positions within community-based participatory research (CBPR) projects...
October 7, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686043/psychosocial-influences-on-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-salivary-cortisol-collection-from-community-samples-of-children
#12
Eileen M Condon
Salivary cortisol is considered to be a safe and noninvasive measure of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning, and is a commonly measured biomarker of the human stress response in pediatric research. However, cortisol is highly variable and sensitive to a wide range of factors, creating a challenge for reliable salivary cortisol collection in the community setting. Furthermore, the acceptability of salivary cortisol collection in community samples of children is largely unknown. The purpose of this integrative review was to investigate current evidence on the acceptability and feasibility of salivary cortisol collection in community samples of children...
December 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648749/developing-a-recovery-college-a-preliminary-exercise-in-establishing-regional-readiness-and-community-needs
#13
Joy Kelly, Stephen Gallagher, Jennifer McMahon
BACKGROUND: Recovery orientated intervention has experienced a paradigm shift towards stakeholder training and education within recovery colleges. Such colleges are typically underpinned by a culture of emancipatory education that aims to facilitate recovery through educational choice. AIMS: The study aims to establish regional readiness for a recovery college. Specifically, we aim to uncover key stakeholder attitudes towards recovery, outline a contextual conceptualization of recovery and show how inductive, community-based research can incorporate stakeholder views with core fidelity markers of a recovery college...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631364/correction-ethics-in-community-based-research-with-vulnerable-children-perspectives-from-rwanda
#14
Theresa S Betancourt, Mary C Smith Fawzi, Anne Stevenson, Fredrick Kanyanganzi, Catherine Kirk, Lauren Ng, Christina Mushashi, Justin Bizimana, William Beardslee, Giuseppe Raviola, Stephanie Smith, Yvonne Kayiteshonga, Agnes Binagwaho
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157042.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543135/establishing-the-canadian-hiv-women-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-cohort-study-chiwos-operationalizing-community-based-research-in-a-large-national-quantitative-study
#15
EDITORIAL
Mona Loutfy, Saara Greene, V Logan Kennedy, Johanna Lewis, Jamie Thomas-Pavanel, Tracey Conway, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Nadia O'Brien, Allison Carter, Wangari Tharao, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Danièle Dubuc, Jacqueline Gahagan, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Robert S Hogg, Angela Kaida
BACKGROUND: Community-based research has gained increasing recognition in health research over the last two decades. Such participatory research approaches are lauded for their ability to anchor research in lived experiences, ensuring cultural appropriateness, accessing local knowledge, reaching marginalized communities, building capacity, and facilitating research-to-action. While having these positive attributes, the community-based health research literature is predominantly composed of small projects, using qualitative methods, and set within geographically limited communities...
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540025/community-university-collaborations-for-environmental-justice-toward-a-transformative-co-learning-model
#16
Penn Loh
Community-university collaborations for environmental justice have pushed the boundaries of the modern research university, yet remain rooted in a research frame. This article lays out a transformative co-learning model, which aspires to cultivate long-term, place-based, reciprocal partnerships where university and community co-produce knowledge and action toward a more just, sustainable, and democratic society. Starting with joint inquiry and planning, community and university integrate teaching, research, and service activities over a cycle of three to five years and, if sustained, co-evolve in place over the decades...
August 17, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513284/happy-family-kitchen-a-community-based-research-for-enhancing-family-communication-and-well-being-in-hong-kong
#17
Henry C Y Ho, Moses Mui, Alice Wan, Yin-Lam Ng, Sunita M Stewart, Carol Yew, Tai Hing Lam, Sophia S Chan
Urban families worldwide are often characterized by busy working lives which leave little time for family gatherings and communication. The Happy Family Kitchen project, which emphasized cooking and dining with family members, was conducted in a deprived district in Hong Kong. We hypothesized that the community-based family intervention, derived from a positive psychology framework, can improve family communication, family well-being, and subjective happiness. Twenty-three social service units organized and delivered the intervention programs for 1,419 individuals from 612 families...
September 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487041/association-between-food-insecurity-and-procurement-methods-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-a-high-resource-setting
#18
Aranka Anema, Sarah J Fielden, Susan Shurgold, Erin Ding, Jennifer Messina, Jennifer E Jones, Brian Chittock, Ken Monteith, Jason Globerman, Sean B Rourke, Robert S Hogg
OBJECTIVE: People living with HIV in high-resource settings suffer severe levels of food insecurity; however, limited evidence exists regarding dietary intake and sub-components that characterize food insecurity (i.e. food quantity, quality, safety or procurement) in this population. We examined the prevalence and characteristics of food insecurity among people living with HIV across British Columbia, Canada. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis was conducted within a national community-based research initiative...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422896/participation-levels-in-25-community-based-participatory-research-projects
#19
C R Spears Johnson, A E Kraemer Diaz, T A Arcury
This analysis describes the nature of community participation in National Institutes of Health and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded community-based participatory research (CBPR) projects, and explores the scientific and social implications of variation in community participation. We conducted in-depth interviews in 2012 with professional and community researchers from 25 CBPR projects in the Southeast US. Interview topics focused on participants' experiences with the nature and conduct of their CBPR project...
October 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372529/expanding-the-role-of-nurses-to-improve-hypertension-care-and-control-globally
#20
REVIEW
Cheryl R Dennison Himmelfarb, Yvonne Commodore-Mensah, Martha N Hill
The role of the nurse in improving hypertension control has expanded over the past 50 years, complementing and supplementing that of the physician. Nurses' involvement began with measuring and monitoring blood pressure (BP) and patient education and has expanded to become one of the most effective strategies to improve BP control. Today the roles of nurses and nurse practitioners (NPs) in hypertension management involve all aspects of care, including (1) detection, referral, and follow up; (2) diagnostics and medication management; (3) patient education, counseling, and skill building; (4) coordination of care; (5) clinic or office management; (6) population health management; and (7) performance measurement and quality improvement...
March 2016: Annals of Global Health
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