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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236126/-structural-damage-after-shoulder-dislocation-and-development-of-surgical-treatment-from-a-historical-perspective
#1
REVIEW
P Habermeyer, P Magosch
In the nineteenth century there was a high incidence of habitual shoulder instability caused by epileptic seizures and accompanied by therapeutic dilettantism, which led to socioeconomic problems in the working population. In the preradiography era the pathomechanism of shoulder dislocation was only known on the basis of cadaver studies and autopsy findings. The underlying structural disorders of habitual shoulder instability in the Bismarck era were published by Malgaigne, Broca and Hartmann. In1898 the first surgical reconstructive stabilization procedure for habitual shoulder dislocation was performed by Wilhelm Müller in Rostock...
December 13, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236060/the-use-of-poly-d-l-lactic-acid-pdlla-devices-for-bone-augmentation-techniques-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Marco Annunziata, Livia Nastri, Gennaro Cecoro, Luigi Guida
Poly-d,l-lactic acid (PDLLA) has been proposed in dentistry for regenerative procedures in the form of membranes, screws, and pins. The aim of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of bone augmentation techniques using PDLLA devices. A literature search was carried out by two independent and calibrated reviewers. All interventional and observational studies assessing the efficacy of bone augmentation techniques using PDLLA devices were included. Six studies were included. The relevant variability of design and methods impeded any qualitative or quantitative comparison...
December 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235249/anticancer-effects-of-resveratrol-in-canine-hemangiosarcoma-cell-lines
#3
A Carlson, K S Alderete, M K O Grant, D M Seelig, L C Sharkey, B N M Zordoky
Hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is a highly malignant tumour with aggressive biological behaviour. HSAs are more common in dogs than other domestic animals. The median survival time of dogs with HSA remains short, even with chemotherapy and surgery. Therefore, there is a critical need to improve the adjuvant chemotherapeutic regimens to improve clinical outcomes in dogs with HSA. Resveratrol has been shown to possess strong anti-proliferative and/or pro-apoptotic properties in human cancer cell lines. Nevertheless, the potential anticancer effects of resveratrol have not been reported in canine HSAs...
December 13, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235201/assessment-of-bone-dimensions-in-the-anterior-maxilla-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#4
Sandra AlTarawneh, Abeer AlHadidi, Ahmad As Hamdan, Murad Shaqman, Emad Habib
PURPOSE: To evaluate labial and palatal bone thickness at the maxillary anterior teeth as well as distance from cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) to bone crest using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Measurements were obtained for maxillary anterior teeth of 120 subject CBCT volumes including thickness of labial and palatal plates of bone (coronal, middle, and apical thirds), and distance between CEJ and alveolar bone crest mid-labially, mesially, and distally...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235158/single-staged-implant-placement-using-bone-ring-technique-with-and-without-membrane-placement-an-experimental-study-in-the-beagle-dog
#5
Maiko Haga-Tsujimura, Ken Nakahara, Eizaburo Kobayashi, Kensuke Igarashi, Benoit Schaller, Nikola Saulacic
AIM: To evaluate the impact of a collagen membrane on bone remodeling and osseointegration of implants placed simultaneously with a bone ring technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Standardized, vertical alveolar bone defects in the mandibles of six dogs were created. Tapered dental implants designed for two-stage subcrestal placement were inserted simultaneously with a bone ring technique. On one side of the mandible, the augmented sites were covered with a collagenous membrane...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235090/facial-soft-tissue-thicknesses-in-bulgarian-adults-relation-to-sex-body-mass-index-and-bilateral-asymmetry
#6
Diana Toneva, Silviya Nikolova, Ivan Georgiev, Stanislav Harizanov, Dora Zlatareva, Vassil Hadjidekov, Nikolai Lazarov
The aim of the study is to measure the facial soft tissue thicknesses (STTs) in Bulgarians, to evaluate the relation of the STTs to the nutritional status, sex and bilateral asymmetry, and to examine the correlations between the separate STTs as well as between the STTs and body weight, height, and body mass index (BMI). In the present study, the facial STTs were measured on computed tomography scans of the head of Bulgarian adults. The STTs were measured at 7 midline and 9 bilateral landmarks. The measurements were performed in the free software InVesalius in the axial and sagittal planes...
December 13, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234938/impact-of-incisional-hernia-development-following-abdominal-operations-on-total-healthcare-cost
#7
Vamsi V Alli, Jianying Zhang, Dana A Telem
BACKGROUND: Introduction of the category III CPT code (0437T) for prophylactic mesh augmentation (PMA) highlights efforts to reduce incisional hernia (IH). PMA's value in the context of value-based care requires understanding both the cost of IH development and the savings from prevention. We hypothesized large healthcare costs with IH development. Appreciating which subsets of patients are at highest risk for IH, and the subsets who have the costliest care is essential in targeting interventions for hernia prevention...
December 12, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234900/trace-lithium-and-mental-health
#8
REVIEW
Nobuyoshi Ishii, Takeshi Terao
Lithium therapy is generally accepted as a first-line treatment for bipolar disorder, and it is also identified as one of the best augmenting options for treatment-resistant depression. Furthermore, lithium has been investigated in association with suicide, dementia and aggressiveness. In this review, we examined articles about the effects of very small amounts of lithium in treating suicide, dementia, bipolar disorder and temperament, to assess the present state of trace lithium's effect on mental state. The results indicate that trace lithium may be effective for suicide prevention but randomized, placebo-controlled trials are required to draw a definite conclusion...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234818/postrhinoplasty-fibrotic-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
R P Gruber, M G Galvez, D D Ulvila
BACKGROUND: Over the years there have been numerous anecdotal reports of nasal tip enlargement and loss of tip definition post rhinoplasty. Subsequent revisionary procedures not only failed to reduce the tip size but aggravated the problem causing an even larger and less defined nasal tip. The final result was often worse than the preop condition and uncorrectable. METHOD/RESULTS: Six patients who demonstrated an aggravation of the postop result with subsequent revisionary or secondary surgeries were evaluated to find common causes or circumstances...
December 12, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234749/sinus-lift-grafting-with-anorganic-bovine-bone-vs-50-autologous-bone-mixed-with-50-anorganic-bovine-bone-2-years-after-loading-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Silvio Mario Meloni, Sascha Alekshander Jovanovic, Milena Pisano, Erta Xhanari, Giacomo De Riu, Antonio Tullio, Marco Tallarico
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of implants inserted in maxillary sinuses augmented with anorganic bovine bone (ABB) grafts vs mixed 50% ABB and 50% autologous bone graft, using a lateral window approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed as a randomised controlled trial of parallel groups. Patients in need of an implant-supported prosthesis in a maxillary posterior area with a residual alveolar bone height no greater than 4 mm (range 0-4 mm) were recruited for lateral sinus grafting...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234746/short-implants-as-an-alternative-to-crestal-sinus-lift-a-3-year-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Giorgio Gastaldi, Pietro Felice, Roberto Pistilli, Carlo Barausse, Anna Trullenque-Eriksson, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of short (5 or 6 mm long) dental implants vs 10 mm or longer implants placed in crestally lifted sinuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty partially edentulous patients with 5 to 7 mm of residual crestal height and at least 7 mm thickness below the maxillary sinuses as measured on computed tomography scans were randomised according to a parallel group design to receive either one to two 5 or 6 mm long implants (10 patients) or 10 mm long implants (10 patients) after crestal sinus lifting and grafting with anorganic bovine bone...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234725/computerized-cognitive-training-for-older-diabetic-adults-at-risk-of-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Rachel Bloom, Michal Schnaider-Beeri, Ramit Ravona-Springer, Anthony Heymann, Hai Dabush, Lior Bar, Shirel Slater, Yuri Rassovsky, Alex Bahar-Fuchs
Introduction: Older adults with type 2 diabetes are at high risk of cognitive decline and dementia and form an important target group for dementia risk reduction studies. Despite evidence that computerized cognitive training (CCT) may benefit cognitive performance in cognitively healthy older adults and those with mild cognitive impairment, whether CCT may benefit cognitive performance or improve disease self-management in older diabetic adults has not been studied to date. In addition, whether adaptive difficulty levels and tailoring of interventions to individuals' cognitive profile are superior to generic training remains to be established...
November 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234545/minimal-surgical-management-of-penile-paraffinoma-after-subcutaneous-penile-paraffin-injection
#13
Athanasios E Dellis, Konstantinos Nastos, Demetrios Mastorakos, Dionysios Dellaportas, Athanasios Papatsoris, Panagiotis T Arkoumanis
Objectives: To describe our reconstructive technique, without flap or graft use, after penile self-augmentation with injected substances, such as paraffin, which are still performed with unfortunate consequences. Patient and methods: Successful single-stage minimal surgical management of an already twice unsuccessfully managed ulcerative penile paraffinoma in a 38-year-old Greek man. Results: The patient was discharged with no postoperative complications, with a five-item version of the International Index of Erectile Function score of 23/25 (i...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234460/generalized-enhanced-suffix-array-construction-in-external-memory
#14
Felipe A Louza, Guilherme P Telles, Steve Hoffmann, Cristina D A Ciferri
Background: Suffix arrays, augmented by additional data structures, allow solving efficiently many string processing problems. The external memory construction of the generalized suffix array for a string collection is a fundamental task when the size of the input collection or the data structure exceeds the available internal memory. Results: In this article we present and analyze [Formula: see text] [introduced in CPM (External memory generalized suffix and [Formula: see text] arrays construction...
2017: Algorithms for Molecular Biology: AMB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234302/home-based-virtual-reality-augmented-training-improves-lower-limb-muscle-strength-balance-and-functional-mobility-following-chronic-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Michael Villiger, Jasmin Liviero, Lea Awai, Rahel Stoop, Pawel Pyk, Ron Clijsen, Armin Curt, Kynan Eng, Marc Bolliger
Key factors positively influencing rehabilitation and functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI) include training variety, intensive movement repetition, and motivating training tasks. Systems supporting these aspects may provide profound gains in rehabilitation, independent of the subject's treatment location. In the present study, we test the hypotheses that virtual reality (VR)-augmented training at home (i.e., unsupervised) is feasible with subjects with an incomplete SCI (iSCI) and that it improves motor functions such as lower limb muscle strength, balance, and functional mobility...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233845/physiologic-mitochondrial-fragmentation-is-a-normal-cardiac-adaptation-to-increased-energy-demand
#16
Michael Coronado, Giovanni Fajardo, Kim Nguyen, Mingming Zhao, Kristina B Kooiker, Gwanghyun Jung, Dong-Qing Hu, Sushma Reddy, Erik Sandoval, Aleksandr Stotland, Roberta A Gottlieb, Daniel Bernstein
Rationale: Mitochondria play a dual role in the heart, responsible for meeting energetic demands and regulating cell death. Paradigms have held that mitochondrial fission and fragmentation are the result of pathologic stresses such as ischemia, are an indicator of poor mitochondrial health, and lead to mitophagy and cell death. However, recent studies demonstrate that inhibiting fission also results in decreased mitochondrial function and cardiac impairment, suggesting that fission is important for maintaining cardiac and mitochondrial bioenergetic homeostasis...
December 12, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233767/patch-repair-of-anomalous-origin-of-left-anterior-descending-artery-from-the-right-coronary-artery
#17
Nikki L Stamp, Christopher J Merry
Coronary artery anomalies occur in an estimated 1.3% of the population. We present a case of a 52 year-old-man who had a less common anomaly of a left anterior descending artery arising from the right coronary ostium, causing ischaemia and chest pain demonstrated by perfusion scan. The usual options of management of coronary anomalies were not suitable for this anatomy and thus, we present the case of patch augmentation of the arteries.
December 9, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233743/a-phase-ii-trial-of-rituximab-combined-with-pegfilgrastim-in-patients-with-indolent-b-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#18
Pallawi Torka, Priyank Patel, Wei Tan, Gregory Wilding, Seema A Bhat, Myron S Czuczman, Kelvin P Lee, George Deeb, Vishala Neppalli, Cory Mavis, Paul Wallace, Francisco J Hernandez-Ilizaliturri
BACKGROUND: To explore the role of augmenting neutrophil function in B-cell lymphoma, we conducted a phase II study evaluating the safety and clinical efficacy of pegfilgrastim and rituximab in low-grade CD20+ B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with indolent B-NHL were treated with rituximab (375 mg/m2) every other week for 4 doses, followed by every 2 months for 4 additional doses. Pegfilgrastim was administered subcutaneously 3 days before each dose of rituximab...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233704/risk-factors-for-post-operative-complications-after-procedures-for-autologous-bone-augmentation-from-different-donor-sites
#19
Andreas Sakkas, Alexander Schramm, Karsten Winter, Frank Wilde
AIM: The aim of this study has been to identify risk factors for post-operative complications after grafting bone from different donor sites prior to implant placement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study encompassed 279 patients who underwent autologous bone augmentations in a 2-stage procedure, harvested from three intraoral and one extraoral donor sites, as well as sinus floor elevations prior to implant placement. The following complications were recorded: soft tissue dehiscence; wound infection; bone graft exposure; sensory disturbance; sinusitis symptoms; haemorrhage; graft failure; implant failure...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233686/exercise-has-the-guts-how-physical-activity-may-positively-modulate-gut-microbiota-in-chronic-and-immune-based-diseases
#20
Roberto Codella, Livio Luzi, Ileana Terruzzi
Limited animal and human research findings suggests that exercise might have a beneficial role for health gut. Cardiorespiratory fitness has been correlates with health-associated gut parameters such as taxonomic diversity and richness. Physical exercise may augment intestinal microbial diversity through several mechanisms INCLUDING PROMOTION OF AN ANTI-INFLAMMATORY STATE. Disease-associated microbial functions WERE linked to distinct taxa in previous studies of familial type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). An integrated multi-approach in the study of T1D, including physical exercise, is advocated...
November 28, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
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