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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098096/the-prevalence-of-pregnancy-related-acute-renal-failure-in-asia-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Zynab Karimi, Leila Malekmakan, Maryam Farshadi
Acute renal failure (ARF) is a major complication during pregnancy and is associated with high mortality rate in developing countries. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of pregnancy-related ARF in Asia. This study is a systematic review Google Scholar, PubMed, and Medline databases were searched for all papers in English on pregnancy related ARF (PR-ARF) in Asian countries that were published between 2010 and 2015 were reviewed. Of all the articles published in that period, 19 were selected - 17 were original articles and two were cases reports...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097445/pregnancy-outcomes-in-hiv-positive-women-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Kholoud Arab, Andrea R Spence, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Haim A Abenhaim
PURPOSE: In the United States, an estimated 8500 HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) positive women gave birth in 2014. This rate appears to be increasing annually. Our objective is to examine obstetrical outcomes of pregnancy among HIV-positive women. METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (2003-2011) from the United States. Pregnant HIV-positive women were identified and compared to pregnant women without HIV...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097444/obstetric-outcome-of-vanishing-twins-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Ling Sun, Ling X Jiang, Heng Z Chen
PURPOSE: Due to the high number of multiple embryo transfers into the uterus performed in assisted reproductive technology treatment (ART), the incidences of twin pregnancy and of vanishing twin syndrome (VTS) are correspondingly high. A number of studies have described the obstetric outcomes of the remaining fetus produced after the other twin had vanished compared with a singleton at the start following ART, but the results are mixed and contradictory. We performed a systematic review of the existing studies to explore the actual obstetric outcome of VTS to allow physicians to adequately advise their patients...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096623/estrus-induction-and-fertility-response-following-different-treatment-protocols-in-murrah-buffaloes-under-field-conditions
#4
L Kumar, J B Phogat, A K Pandey, S K Phulia, S Kumar, J Dalal
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of three different treatment protocols for estrus induction and conception rate in postpartum anestrus buffaloes during breeding season under field conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 47 postpartum anestrus buffaloes of the 2(nd) to 6(th) parity were divided into three groups. Group 1 (n=16): Buffaloes received cosynch treatment, that is, buserelin acetate 10 µg on day 0 and 9, cloprostenol 500 µg on day 7 followed by fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) at the time of second buserelin acetate and 24 h later...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095802/a-case-control-study-investigating-factors-associated-with-high-infant-death-in-saiha-district-of-mizoram-india-bordering-myanmar
#5
Alok K Deb, Shanta Dutta, Chhaihlo Hnichho, Mary Vanlalpeki, Hli Thapi Phosa, Khaila Rakhu, Samuel Lalfakawma Fanai, Manoj Chakrabarti, Samiran Panda
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality has dropped considerably in India over the last 5 years. A sharp contrast to this decline in national average of infant mortality is the rate recorded during 2014-2015 from the southernmost district of Saiha, Mizoram having a common international border with Myanmar. As this district specific rate (113 per 1000 live births) is 3 times higher compared to the national and state average, the present investigation was carried out to identify associated factors...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095432/exploring-maternal-health-care-seeking-behavior-of-married-adolescent-girls-in-bangladesh-a-social-ecological-approach
#6
Asm Shahabuddin, Christiana Nöstlinger, Thérèse Delvaux, Malabika Sarker, Alexandre Delamou, Azucena Bardají, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Vincent De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: The huge proportion of child marriage contributes to high rates of pregnancies among adolescent girls in Bangladesh. Despite substantial progress in reducing maternal mortality in the last two decades, the rate of adolescent pregnancy remains high. The use of skilled maternal health services is still low in Bangladesh. Several quantitative studies described the use of skilled maternal health services among adolescent girls. So far, very little qualitative evidence exists about attitudes and practices related to maternal health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095278/awareness-of-hiv-transmission-risks-and-determinants-of-sexual-behaviour-descriptive-and-multivariate-analyses-among-german-nursing-students
#7
Carolin Jacob, Katharina von Lindeman, Jörg Klewer, Joachim Kugler
AIM: Nursing students play a crucial role in sexual health education. Evidence suggests, however, that nursing students had several gaps in their knowledge of HIV transmission. This study investigates how nursing students in Germany assess the potential risks of spreading HIV in defined situations and which factors influence the self-expressed sexual behaviour patterns of these students. METHODS: A standardized anonymous questionnaire was administered to a sample (N=617) of nursing students in 2008 and 2013...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094905/abortion-incidence-and-service-availability-in-the-united-states-2014
#8
Rachel K Jones, Jenna Jerman
CONTEXT: National and state-level information about abortion incidence can help inform policies and programs intended to reduce levels of unintended pregnancy. METHODS: In 2015-2016, all U.S. facilities known or expected to have provided abortion services in 2013 or 2014 were surveyed. Data on the number of abortions were combined with population data to estimate national and state-level abortion rates. The number of abortion-providing facilities and changes since a similar 2011 survey were also assessed...
January 17, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094842/impact-of-microbial-invasion-of-amniotic-cavity-and-the-type-of-microorganisms-on-short-term-neonatal-outcome-in-women-with-preterm-labor-and-intact-membranes
#9
Teresa Cobo, Irene Vives, Adriano Rodríguez-Trujillo, Clara Murillo, Martina A Ángeles, Jordi Bosch, Andrea Vergara, Eduard Gratacós, Montse Palacio
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to evaluate the impact of microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) and the type of microorganisms on pregnancy and short-term neonatal outcomes in women with preterm labor (PTL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective observational cohort study including women with PTL from 22.0-36.0 weeks. MIAC was defined based on amniotic fluid aerobic/anaerobic/mycoplasmas cultures and intra-amniotic inflammation (IAI) based on amniotic fluid Interleukin-6 levels...
January 17, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094840/hypertensive-disorders-in-pregnancy-and-later-dementia-a-swedish-national-register-study
#10
Ellika G Andolf, Gunilla C M Sydsjö, Marie K Bladh, Goran Berg, Surendra Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to investigate the rate of vascular dementia and dementia in women with previous hypertensive disorders in pregnancy since white matter lesions of the brain and cardiovascular disease are linked both to dementia and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective population based registry study on all women giving birth in Sweden between 1973- 1975 (284 598). Women with and without hypertensive disorders in pregnancy were identified by means of the Swedish Medical Birth Register and linked to the National Patient Register where data on somatic disease later in life were obtained...
January 17, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093720/septum-resection-for-women-of-reproductive-age-with-a-septate-uterus
#11
REVIEW
Judith Fw Rikken, Claudia R Kowalik, Mark H Emanuel, Ben Willem J Mol, Fulco Van der Veen, Madelon van Wely, Mariëtte Goddijn
BACKGROUND: Women with a septate uterus are at increased risk for subfertility, recurrent miscarriage, and preterm birth. Restoration of the anatomy of the uterus by hysteroscopic septum resection is an established intervention. This treatment has been assessed mainly in retrospective cohort studies, which suggested a positive effect on pregnancy outcomes. The major flaw in these studies is the before/after design, which will always favour the tested intervention. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether hysteroscopic septum resection in women of reproductive age with a septate uterus improves live birth rates and to assess the safety of this procedure...
January 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093688/kentucky-health-access-nurturing-development-services-home-visiting-program-improves-maternal-and-child-health
#12
Corrine M Williams, Sarah Cprek, Ibitola Asaolu, Brenda English, Tracey Jewell, Kylen Smith, Joyce Robl
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Home visitation programs are one of the numerous efforts to help reduce the rates of preterm birth and low birth weight as well as offering other improvements in maternal and child health and development. The Kentucky Health Access Nurturing Development Services (HANDS) is a voluntary, home visiting program serving first-time, high-risk mothers. This study's objective was to evaluate the impact of HANDS on maternal and child health outcomes. METHODS: HANDS administrative data, live birth certificate records and data from the Division of Child Protection and Safety were used in these analyses...
January 16, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093094/impact-of-hurricane-exposure-on-reproductive-health-outcomes-florida-2004
#13
Shannon C Grabich, Whitney R Robinson, Charles E Konrad, Jennifer A Horney
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal hurricane exposure may be an increasingly important contributor to poor reproductive health outcomes. In the current literature, mixed associations have been suggested between hurricane exposure and reproductive health outcomes. This may be due, in part, to residual confounding. We assessed the association between hurricane exposure and reproductive health outcomes by using a difference-in-difference analysis technique to control for confounding in a cohort of Florida pregnancies...
January 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092795/moderate-aerobic-exercise-training-for-improving-reproductive-function-in-infertile-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Behzad Hajizadeh Maleki, Bakhtyar Tartibian
This study investigated for the first time the changes in seminal markers of inflammation, oxidative stress status, semen parameters, sperm DNA integrity as well as pregnancy rate following 24weeks of moderate aerobic exercise in infertile patients. A total of 1026 sedentary men (aged 25-40years) attending the infertility clinic with history of more than one year of infertility, were screened and 419 were randomized to either exercise (EX, n=210) or non-exercise (NON-EX, n=209) groups. Exercise training favorably attenuated seminal markers of both inflammation (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α) and oxidative stress (ROS, MDA, 8-Isoprostane) as well as enhanced antioxidant defense system (SOD, catalase and TAC) (P<0...
January 13, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090465/does-intrauterine-injection-of-low-molecular-weight-heparin-improve-the-clinical-pregnancy-rate-in-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#15
Ahmed Mohamed Kamel, Yahia El-Faissal, Mona Aboulghar, Ragaa Mansour, Gamal I Serour, Mohamed Aboulghar
OBJECTIVE: Heparin can modulate proteins, and influence processes involved in implantation and trophoblastic development. This study aimed to assess the improvement of clinical pregnancy and implantation rates after local intrauterine injection of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS: A randomised case/control design was followed in women scheduled for ICSI. The study arm was injected with intrauterine LMWH during mock embryo transfer immediately following the ovum pickup procedure, while the control arm was given an intrauterine injection with a similar volume of tissue culture media...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090464/the-efficacy-of-intrauterine-instillation-of-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-in-infertile-women-with-a-thin-endometrium-a-pilot-study
#16
Dayong Lee, Jae Dong Jo, Seul Ki Kim, Byung Chul Jee, Seok Hyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the efficacy of intrauterine instillation of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the day of ovulation triggering or oocyte retrieval in infertile women with a thin endometrium. METHODS: Fifty women whose endometrial thickness (EMT) was ≤8 mm at the time of triggering during at least one previous in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle and an index IVF cycle were selected. On the day of triggering (n=12) or oocyte retrieval (n=38), 300 µg of G-CSF was instilled into the uterine cavity...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090463/efficacy-of-oxytocin-antagonist-infusion-in-improving-in-vitro-fertilization-outcomes-on-the-day-of-embryo-transfer-a-meta-analysis
#17
Seul Ki Kim, E-Jung Han, Sun Mie Kim, Jung Ryeol Lee, Byung Chul Jee, Chang Suk Suh, Seok Hyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Uterine contraction induced by the embryo transfer (ET) process has an adverse effect on embryo implantation. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of oxytocin antagonist supplementation on the day of ET on in vitro fertilization outcomes via a meta-analysis. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Four online databases (Embase, Medline, PubMed, and Cochrane Library) were searched through May 2015 for RCTs that investigated oxytocin antagonist supplementation on the day of ET...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090462/pretreatment-of-normal-responders-in-fresh-in-vitro-fertilization-cycles-a-comparison-of-transdermal-estradiol-and-oral-contraceptive-pills
#18
Nigel Pereira, Allison C Petrini, Zhen N Zhou, Jovana P Lekovich, Isaac Kligman, Zev Rosenwaks
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of pretreatment with transdermal estradiol (E2) compared to oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) on controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) response in normal responders undergoing fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer (ET) cycles. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of normal responders undergoing fresh IVF-ET cycles who received pretreatment with transdermal E2 versus OCPs prior to fresh IVF-ET...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090461/effects-of-maternal-age-on-embryo-quality-and-pregnancy-outcomes-using-testicular-sperm-with-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection
#19
Hye Won Choi, Yong-Seog Park, Sun-Hee Lee, Chun Kyu Lim, Ju Tae Seo, Kwang Moon Yang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of maternal age on fertilization, embryo quality, and clinical pregnancy in patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using testicular sperm from partners with azoospermia. METHODS: A total of 416 ICSI cycles using testicular spermatozoa from partners with obstructive azoospermia (OA, n=301) and non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA, n=115) were analyzed. Female patients were divided into the following age groups: 27 to 31 years, 32 to 36 years, and 37 to 41 years...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089975/in-vitro-fertilization-in-37-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-or-antiphospholipid-syndrome-a-series-of-97-procedures
#20
Pauline Orquevaux, Agathe Masseau, Véronique Le Guern, Vanessa Gayet, Danièle Vauthier, Gaelle Guettrot-Imbert, Du Le Thi Huong, Bertrand Wechsler, Nathalie Morel, Patrice Cacoub, Jean-Loup Pennaforte, Jean-Charles Piette, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau
OBJECTIVE: To compile and assess data about complication and success rates for in vitro fertilization (IVF) of women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and/or antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). To date, such data are sparse. METHODS: This retrospective study described women with SLE and/or APS who have had at least 1 IVF cycle. RESULTS: Thirty-seven women with SLE (n = 23, including 8 with antiphospholipid antibodies), SLE with APS (n = 4), or primary APS (n = 10) underwent 97 IVF procedures...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
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