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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918426/aortic-isthmus-flow-recording-predicts-the-outcome-of-the-recipient-twin-after-laser-coagulation-in-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome
#1
France Leduc, Amélie Delabaere, Roxanne Gendron, Florent Fuchs, Sandrine Wavrant, Marie-Josée Raboisson, Jean-Claude Fouron, François Audibert
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to assess the prognostic value of the systolic flow through the aortic isthmus in monochorionic pregnancies complicated by twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) treated by placental laser ablation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fetal echocardiography and outcome data of 105 cases of TTTS treated by laser photocoagulation of placental anastomoses were reviewed. Hemodynamic parameters were collected before and after treatment. The isthmic systolic index (ISI) was calculated as the peak systolic velocity/systolic nadir ratio...
September 16, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917208/prenatal-exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-birth-outcomes-in-a-spanish-birth-cohort
#2
Cyntia B Manzano-Salgado, Maribel Casas, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Ferran Ballester, Carmen Iñiguez, David Martinez, Olga Costa, Loreto Santa-Marina, Eva Pereda-Pereda, Thomas Schettgen, Jordi Sunyer, Martine Vrijheid
BACKGROUND: Prenatal perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) exposure has been associated with reduced birth weight but maternal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) may attenuate this association. Further, this association remains unclear for other perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), such as perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoate (PFNA). We estimated associations between prenatal PFAS exposure and birth outcomes, and the influence of GFR, in a Spanish birth cohort...
September 13, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917126/effects-of-a-single-administration-of-different-gonadotropins-on-day-7%C3%A2-post-insemination-on-pregnancy-outcomes-of-rabbit-does
#3
N M Hashem, Z R Aboul-Ezz
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a single administration of one of three different gonadotropins on Day 7 post-insemination on ovarian activity, progesterone (P4) concentration and pregnancy outcomes of rabbit does. Multiparous, non-lactating, V-line does were artificially inseminated after synchronization and ovulation induction with equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG; 25 IU im) and gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH; 0.8  μg buserelin im) 48 h later. On Day 7 post-inseminarion, does were randomly allocated into four groups (n = 40/group)...
September 7, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917088/depression-anxiety-ptsd-and-comorbidity-in-perinatal-women-in-turkey-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#4
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
OBJECTIVE: (a) to assess prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their comorbidity among women during the perinatal period (b) to examine course of those disorders from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum (c) to determine the rates of new-onset cases at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based study in which participants completed psychosocial measures of depression, anxiety and PTSD in pregnancy (n = 950), 4-6 weeks (n = 858) and 6 months (n = 829) after birth...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916875/traumatic-injuries-to-the-pregnant-patient-a-critical-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
P Petrone, P Jiménez-Morillas, A Axelrad, C P Marini
INTRODUCTION: Trauma during pregnancy is the leading non-obstetrical cause of maternal death and a significant public health burden. This study reviews the most common causes of trauma during pregnancy, morbidity, and mortality, and the impact upon perinatal outcomes associated with trauma, providing a management approach to pregnant trauma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the current literature from January 2006 to July 2016 was performed...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916873/effects-of-methotrexate-on-the-quality-of-oocyte-maturation-in-vitro
#6
N Tian, J Yu, Sh Zhang, W Y Ma, T Wang, Y M Wang
Methotrexate (MTX), an antifolate drug, is widely used for clinical treatment of malignancies and ectopic pregnancy. Many studies have documented that MTX has strong side-effects on rapidly dividing somatic cells. However, its side-effects on female reproductive cells have not been widely reported. Combined with in vitro culture, two-photon fluorescence imaging and three-dimensional reconstruction, this study analyzed the effects of MTX on oocyte maturation time, chromosome arrangement, karyotype, spindle morphology, and the localization of microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs)...
September 15, 2017: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916188/mast-cell-chymase-decreases-the-severity-of-group-b-streptococcus-infections
#7
Claire Gendrin, Nicholas J Shubin, Erica Boldenow, Sean Merillat, Morgan Clauson, Danny Power, Kelly S Doran, Magnus Abrink, Gunnar Pejler, Lakshmi Rajagopal, Adrian M Piliponsky
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) or Streptococcus agalactiae are ß-hemolytic, Gram-positive bacteria that colonize the lower genital tract of women and are frequently associated with infections during pregnancy. Innate immune defenses are critical for controlling GBS dissemination and systemic infection. Mast cells are resident sentinel cells that come into contact with pathogens early during colonization and infection. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the contribution of chymase to systemic GBS infection and rates of preterm birth...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915981/transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-improves-the-outcomes-of-in-vitro-fertilization-a-prospective-randomized-and-controlled-study
#8
Fan Qu, Fang-Fang Wang, Yan Wu, Jue Zhou, Nicola Robinson, Paul J Hardiman, Jie-Xue Pan, Yi-Jing He, Yu-Hang Zhu, Han-Zhi Wang, Xiao-Qun Ye, Ke-Lin He, Long Cui, Hong-Li Zhao, Ying-Hui Ye
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) can improve the outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF). DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, and controlled study. SETTING: IVF center in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred and eighty-one infertile patients with bilateral tubal blockage who were referred for IVF. Patients were randomized into four groups. INTERVENTION: TEAS was administered for 30min, respectively, at 24h before TVOR and two hours before ET...
September 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915850/-love-me-parents-impact-evaluation-of-a-national-social-and-behavioral-change-communication-campaign-on-maternal-health-outcomes-in-tanzania
#9
Michelle R Kaufman, Jennifer J Harman, Marina Smelyanskaya, Jennifer Orkis, Robert Ainslie
BACKGROUND: Despite marked improvements over the last few decades, maternal mortality in Tanzania remains among the world's highest at 454 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Many factors contribute to this disparity, such as a lack of attendance at antenatal care (ANC) services and low rates of delivery at a health facility with a skilled provider. The Wazazi Nipendeni (Love me, parents) social and behavioral change communication campaign was launched in Tanzania in 2012 to improve a range of maternal health outcomes, including individual birth planning, timely ANC attendance, and giving birth in a healthcare facility...
September 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915815/designing-an-implementation-intervention-with-the-behaviour-change-wheel-for-health-provider-smoking-cessation-care-for-australian-indigenous-pregnant-women
#10
Gillian S Gould, Yael Bar-Zeev, Michelle Bovill, Lou Atkins, Maree Gruppetta, Marilyn J Clarke, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: Indigenous smoking rates are up to 80% among pregnant women: prevalence among pregnant Australian Indigenous women was 45% in 2014, contributing significantly to the health gap for Indigenous Australians. We aimed to develop an implementation intervention to improve smoking cessation care (SCC) for pregnant Indigenous smokers, an outcome to be achieved by training health providers at Aboriginal Medical Services (AMS) in a culturally competent approach, developed collaboratively with AMS...
September 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915159/contraception-in-us-servicewomen-emerging-knowledge-considerations-and-needs
#11
Lauren A Harrington, Kate A Shaw, Jonathan G Shaw
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We describe current literature regarding contraceptive use among women serving in the military. We explore the state of contraceptive use by female servicewomen, gaps in knowledge, special considerations, and evidence of unmet needs. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent data on US servicewomen show that overall rates of contraceptive use remain low. Data highlight disparities and suggest barriers to contraceptive uptake persist, with contraceptive use being lower around the time of deployment...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914749/raised-frequency-of-microcephaly-related-to-zika-virus-infection-in-two-birth-defects-surveillance-systems-in-bogot%C3%A3-and-cali-colombia
#12
Paula Hurtado-Villa, Angie K Puerto, Salomé Victoria, Gloria Gracia, Lesly Guasmayán, Patricia Arce, Gilberto Álvarez, Esperanza Blandón, Nubia Rengifo, Jorge A Holguín, Alexander Durán, Ignacio Zarante
Zika virus infection during pregnancy is now known to cause congenital microcephaly and severe brain defects. In 2016, rates of microcephaly appeared to start increasing around May, peaking in July, and declining through December. The occurrence of microcephaly appears to have increased nearly 4-fold in 2 large cities in Colombia, concurrently with the reported Zika virus epidemic in the country.
October 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914178/-you-just-have-to-learn-to-keep-moving-on-young-women-s-experiences-with-unplanned-pregnancy-in-the-cook-islands
#13
Ashley L White, Emily S Mann, Fiona Larkan
The Cook Islands is one of several countries in the Pacific region that has high rates of teenage pregnancy and birth. While the social determinants of pregnancy and early motherhood are well established in the global context, little is known about how Cook Islands young women who become pregnant before age 20 make sense of their experiences. Drawing on individual interviews with a purposive sample of 10 young mothers, this paper examines the phenomenology of early pregnancy from their perspectives. Structural, cultural and individual factors emerged as salient themes in participants' accounts...
September 15, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913940/caesarean-birth-is-associated-with-both-maternal-and-paternal-origin-in-immigrants-in-sweden-a-population-based-study
#14
Sol P Juárez, Rhonda Small, Anders Hjern, Erica Schytt
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between maternal country of birth and father's origin and unplanned and planned caesarean birth in Sweden. METHODS: Population-based register study including all singleton births in Sweden between 1999 and 2012 (n = 1 311 885). Multinomial regression was conducted to estimate odds ratios (OR) for unplanned and planned caesarean with 95% confidence intervals for migrant compared with Swedish-born women. Analyses were stratified by parity...
September 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913714/high-transient-colonization-by-pneumocystis-jirovecii-between-mothers-and-newborn
#15
Cristian Vera, Yudy A Aguilar, Lázaro A Vélez, Zulma Vanessa Rueda
The aim of the study was to explore the frequency and dynamics of acquisition and colonization of Pneumocystis jirovecii among neonates, as well as the epidemiological and genotypic characteristics in mother-child binomial. In a prospective enrolled cohort of women in their third trimester of pregnancy, nasopharyngeal swabs (NPS) and clinical and epidemiological data were collected at four different times: 17 days, 2nd, 4th, and 6th month of life of the newborn. P. jirovecii was detected by nested-PCR for the mtLSU-rRNA gene in each NPS; the genotypes were determined amplifying four genes...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913687/non-atherosclerotic-vascular-disease-in-women
#16
REVIEW
Lee Joseph, Esther S H Kim
Takayasu arteritis, fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), spontaneous arterial dissection, Raynaud's phenomenon, and chilblains are vascular conditions that are associated with an increased predisposition in women and are often underdiagnosed. Takayasu arteritis has an incidence rate of 2.6 cases per million individuals per year in the USA and predominantly affects women of childbearing age. HLA-B5 genetic locus is linked with Takayasu arteritis susceptibility. Methods to determine active disease are limiting; currently utilized clinical and imaging findings and laboratory tests are of limited value for this purpose...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913590/challenges-of-anticoagulation-therapy-in-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Annemarie E Fogerty
Thrombotic complications in pregnancy represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Pregnancy is a primary hypercoagulable state due to enhanced production of clotting factors, a decrease in protein S activity, and inhibition of fibrinolysis. These physiologic changes will yield a collective rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) of about 1-2 in 1000 pregnancies for the general obstetric population, which represents a five- to tenfold increased risk in pregnancy compared to age-matched non-pregnant peers...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913146/fetomaternal-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-hepatitis-e-infection-still-an-important-fetomaternal-killer-with-an-unresolved-mystery-of-increased-virulence-in-pregnancy
#18
Namrata Kumar, Vinita Das, Anjoo Agarwal, Amita Pandey, Smriti Agrawal
OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis is a prevalent infection in developing countries. While hepatitis B and C are deepening their roots in the developed world, hepatitis A and E are common in the developing world. The uniqueness of hepatitis is in its transformation from a relatively self-limiting disease in the non-pregnant state, to a highly virulent disease during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, for a period of six months from June 2016 to November 2016 [probably during an endemic peak of hepatitis E virus (HEV)] to observe the clinical outcomes in HEV-infected pregnant women...
June 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913145/subclinical-hypothyroidism-is-it-important-in-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-cycles
#19
Eray Çalışkan, Rahime Nida Ergin, Deniz Can Öztekin, Bülent Kars, Seda Çakır, Kenan Sofuoğlu
OBJECTIVE: To compare intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcomes of women with subclinical hypothyroidism with those of euthyroid women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted. Out of 2529 ICSI cycles evaluated, 41 women with hypothyroidism, 28 women with hyperthyroidism, and 128 women with subclinical hyperthyroidism were excluded, and 2336 cycles were analyzed. Women were identified as having subclinical hypothyroidism (case group, n=105) in the presence of a thyroid-stimulating hormone level >4...
June 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913144/effect-of-pigtail-catheter-application-on-obstetric-outcomes-in-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-pregnancies-following-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#20
Pınar Çağlar Aytaç, Hakan Kalaycı, Selçuk Yetkinel, Didem Alkaş, Seda Yüksel Şimşek, Bülent Haydardedeoğlu, Esra Bulgan Kılıçdağ
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of percutaneous pigtail catheter drainage on the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) pregnancies following moderate or severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 189 patients hospitalized for OHSS following ICSI treatment in a tertiary in vitro fertilization unit between 2006 and 2014. Pigtail catheters were applied in 63 patients; the other 126 patients did not need that treatment...
June 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
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