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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145155/care-and-self-reported-outcomes-of-care-experienced-by-women-with-mental-health-problems-in-pregnancy-findings-from-a-national-survey
#1
Jane Henderson, Julie Jomeen, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: mental health problems in pregnancy and the postnatal period are relatively common and, in pregnancy, are associated with an increase in adverse outcome. It is recommended that all women are asked about their emotional and mental health and offered treatment if appropriate. OBJECTIVES: to describe the care received by women self-identifying with mental health problems in pregnancy, and to describe the effects of support, advice and treatment on outcomes in the postnatal period...
October 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145054/associations-between-prenatal-lead-exposure-and-birth-outcomes-modification-by-sex-and-gstm1-gstt1-polymorphism
#2
Dirga Kumar Lamichhane, Jong-Han Leem, Chang-Shin Park, Mina Ha, Eun-Hee Ha, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Ji-Young Lee, Jung Keun Ko, Yangho Kim, Yun-Chul Hong
Maternal lead exposure is associated with poor birth outcomes. However, modifying effects of polymorphism in glutathione S-transferases (GST) gene and infant sex remain unexplored. Our aim was to evaluate whether associations between prenatal lead and birth outcomes differed by maternal GST genes and infant sex. Prospective data of 782 mother-child pairs from Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study were used. The genotyping of GST-mu 1 (GSTM1) and theta-1 (GSTT1) polymorphisms was carried out using polymerase chain reaction...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144921/re-predictive-value-of-different-covariates-influencing-pregnancy-rate-following-intrauterine-insemination-with-homologous-semen-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144057/prepregnancy-body-mass-index-gestational-weight-gain-and-odds-of-cesarean-delivery-in-hispanic-women
#4
Megan W Harvey, Barry Braun, Karen A Ertel, Penelope S Pekow, Glenn Markenson, Lisa Chasan-Taber
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the association between prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and cesarean delivery in Hispanics. METHODS: We examined these associations among 1,215 participants in Proyecto Buena Salud, a prospective cohort of Hispanic women studied from 2006 to 2011. Prepregnancy BMI, GWG, and the mode of delivery were abstracted from medical records. RESULTS: A quarter of the participants entered pregnancy with obesity, 23% delivered via cesarean, and 52% exceeded the Institute of Medicine guidelines for GWG...
November 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143944/one-thousand-seventy-eight-autologous-ivf-cycles-in-women-45%C3%A2-years-and-older-the-largest-single-center-cohort-to-date
#5
Vinay Gunnala, Mohamad Irani, Alexis Melnick, Zev Rosenwaks, Steven Spandorfer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine IVF outcomes in women 45 years and older using autologous oocytes. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study reviewing all IVF cycles in women ≥ 45 years old from January 1995 to June 2015 that were conducted at one academic medical center. One thousand seventy-eight fresh, autologous IVF cycles met inclusion criteria. PGD/S, natural IVF, and donor egg cycles were excluded. Outcomes were analyzed for the different age groups (age 45, n = 773; age 46, n = 221; age 47, n = 57; age 48, n = 22; age 49, n = 5)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143943/the-impact-of-ejaculatory-abstinence-on-semen-analysis-parameters-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Brent M Hanson, Kenneth I Aston, Tim G Jenkins, Douglas T Carrell, James M Hotaling
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate recent publications and determine the impact of ejaculatory abstinence on semen analysis parameters as well as fertility outcomes. METHODS: This was a systematic review of 28 recent publications. The focus of this study was the impact of abstinence on semen parameters and fertility outcomes in papers published since the year 2000. The specific parameters evaluated were volume, sperm count, motility, morphology, pH, DNA fragmentation rate, viability, and pregnancy or fertilization rates following assisted reproduction...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143900/an-innovative-mobile-health-system-to-improve-and-standardize-antenatal-care-among-underserved-communities-a-feasibility-study-in-an-italian-hosting-center-for-asylum-seekers
#7
Lucia Borsari, Giovanna Stancanelli, Laura Guarenti, Teresa Grandi, Serena Leotta, Lucia Barcellini, Paola Borella, Anne Caroline Benski
Innovative migrant-friendly tools are needed to assist health personnel manage the high number of pregnancies within reception centers. This study tests functionality and acceptability of a new mHealth system in providing antenatal care amongst migrants. The study, carried out between 2014 and 2016, involved 150 pregnant women residing in the largest European migrant reception center in Sicily. A ticket tracking system assessed the system's functionality and a questionnaire assessed women's acceptability. The system facilitated the collection of clinical data, enabling the creation of electronic patient records and identifying 10% of pregnancies as high-risk...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143644/the-effects-of-family-planning-and-other-factors-on-fertility-abortion-miscarriage-and-stillbirths-in-the-spectrum-model
#8
John Stover, William Winfrey
BACKGROUND: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) estimates the effects of maternal and child health interventions on mortality rates and the number of deaths. The family planning module in Spectrum interacts with LiST by providing estimates of the effects of scaling up family planning use on the number of live births, miscarriages, abortions, and stillbirths. METHODS: We use the proximate determinants of fertility framework to estimate the effects of changes in contraceptive use, proportion married, postpartum insusceptibility, abortion and sterility on the total fertility rate...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143635/a-systematic-review-of-concepts-related-to-women-s-empowerment-in-the-perinatal-period-and-their-associations-with-perinatal-depressive-symptoms-and-premature-birth
#9
Esmeralda R Garcia, Ilona S Yim
BACKGROUND: The perinatal period, which we here define as pregnancy and the first year postpartum, is a time in women's lives that involves significant physiological and psychosocial change and adjustment, including changes in their social status and decision-making power. Supporting women's empowerment at this particular time in their lives may be an attractive opportunity to create benefits for maternal and infant health outcomes such as reductions in perinatal depressive symptoms and premature birth rates...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143329/matsubara-takahashi-cervix-holding-technique-for-massive-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-patients-with-placenta-previa-with-or-without-placenta-accreta-spectrum-disorders
#10
Hironori Takahashi, Akihide Ohkuchi, Rie Usui, Hirotada Suzuki, Yosuke Baba, Shigeki Matsubara
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of the Matsubara-Takahashi cervix-holding technique (MT-holding) for achieving hemostasis for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: The present retrospective observational study included data from deliveries that occurred between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2014, at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan. Deliveries were included where patients experienced blood loss greater than 2500 mL and MT-holding was used...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143306/long-term-evaluation-of-painful-symptoms-and-fertility-after-surgery-for-large-rectovaginal-endometriosis-nodule-a-retrospective-study
#11
Nicolas Bourdel, Aurélie Comptour, Paméla Bouchet, Anne-Sophie Gremeau, Jean-Luc Pouly, Karem Slim, Bruno Pereira, Michel Canis
Optimal surgical treatment of rectovaginal endometriosis remains a controversial topic. The objective of this study was to evaluate long term postoperative outcomes after rectal shaving or colorectal resection for rectovaginal endometriosis MATERIAL AND METHODS: 195 patients underwent surgery (172 managed by shaving, 23 by colorectal resection) between January 2000 and June 2013 for rectovaginal endometriosis (>2cm) involving at least the serosa of the rectum. Primary outcome measures were pain and fertility...
November 15, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143169/predictors-and-patterns-of-psychiatric-treatment-dropout-during-pregnancy-among-low-income-women
#12
Sara L Kornfield, Christina D Kang-Yi, David S Mandell, C Neill Epperson
Objective This study compared psychiatric treatment discontinuation rates among pregnant women using psychotropic medications, outpatient psychotherapy, or both before conception. Methods Using data from Pennsylvania Medicaid Fee-For-Service and Managed Care Organization claims and Medicaid enrollment, 3030 women were identified who gave birth between 2007 and 2009, had ≥ 1 claim for psychiatric treatment during the 120 days prior to pregnancy, and were enrolled in Medicaid until they delivered. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to estimate psychiatric treatment dropout rate during pregnancy and examine relationships between treatment dropout and age, race/ethnicity, and pre-pregnancy psychiatric diagnosis and treatment pattern...
November 15, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142450/autologous-intrauterine-platelet-rich-plasma-instillation-for-suboptimal-endometrium-in-frozen-embryo-transfer-cycles-a-pilot-study
#13
Sunita R Tandulwadkar, Manasi V Naralkar, Akash D Surana, M Selvakarthick, Avinash H Kharat
Introduction: This pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intrauterine infusion of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in infertile women undergoing frozen embryo transfer cycles with suboptimal endometrium. Material and Methods: Intrauterine instillation of autologous PRP was done in 68 women between 22 and 40 years, over 8 months, with suboptimal endometrial growth, and patients with repeated cycle cancellations, in addition to Estradiol valerate. Frozen embryo transfer was performed when the endometrium reached an optimal pattern in terms of thickness, appearance, and vascularity...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142449/single-blastocyst-transfer-the-key-to-reduce-multiple-pregnancy-rates-without-compromising-the-live-birth-rate
#14
Uma M Sundhararaj, Monali V Madne, Reeta Biliangady, Sumana Gurunath, Ambika G Swamy, Indu S T Gopal
Background: Historically, to achieve higher pregnancy rates, multiple embryos were transferred after an in-vitro fertilisation (IVF). However, this practice is being reassessed, because it leads to multiple pregnancies that is known to cause adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Aim: To compare the pregnancy outcomes in fresh IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles among women undergoing elective single blastocyst transfer (eSBT) vs. those undergoing double blastocyst transfer (DBT)...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142445/a-study-of-controlled-ovarian-stimulation-with-clomiphene-citrate-or-letrozole-in-combination-with-gonadotropins-and-iui-in-unexplained-infertility
#15
Madhusmita Hembram, Ratna Biswas, Anju Jain
Aim: To compare the effect of clomiphene citrate (CC) + human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) with letrozole + hMG on size, number of follicles, endometrial thickness, serum levels of oestradiol and progesterone and pregnancy rate. Settings and Design: Non-randomised interventional study. Patients and Methods: A total number of 60 patients in the age group of 20-35 years with unexplained infertility were divided into two groups, 30 in each. Group A received CC + hMG and group B received letrozole + hMG...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141679/intramuscular-oxytocin-versus-intravenous-oxytocin-to-prevent-postpartum-haemorrhage-at-vaginal-delivery-labor-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Nita Adnan, Fiona Boland, Deirdre J Murphy
BACKGROUND: Primary postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. The most common cause of primary PPH is uterine atony. Atonic PPH rates are increasing in developed countries despite routine active management of the third stage of labour. In less-developed countries, primary PPH remains the leading cause of maternal death. Although the value of routine oxytocics in the third stage of labour has been well established, there is inconsistent practice in the choice of agent and route of administration...
November 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141364/-effects-of-combination-therapy-with-aspirin-prednisone-and-elevit-in-patients-with-unexplained-recurrent-early-pregnancy-loss
#17
H Ou, Q Yu
Objective: To investigate the effect of triple therapy with aspirin, prednisone and Elevit in patients with unexplained recurrent early pregnancy loss. Methods: From January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016, a total of 353 women of childbearing age were enrolled in Peking Union Medical College Hospital, including blood, urine and vaginal swabs. One hundred and fifty-five patients were observed normal results of blood test, urine test and vaginal swabs. According to the treatment regimen, 155 patients were divided into two groups, 89 patients (57...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141330/-prenatal-supplementations-of-iron-iron-containing-multimicronutrients-and-antianemic-chinese-patent-medicines-in-women-in-shaanxi-province-2010-2013
#18
D M Liu, J M Li, P F Qu, S N Dang, X Y Wu, R Zhang, H Yan, H Yan
Objective: To understand the prevalence of prenatal supplementations of iron, iron-containing multi-micronutrients (IMMN) and antianemic Chinese patent medicines (ACPM) and associated factors in women in Shaanxi province. Methods: A sample of 28 367 childbearing-age women who gave birth during 2010-2013 and had specific information of the prenatal nutrients supplementation were recruited using stratified multistage cluster random sampling in Shaanxi province. The information about their basic characteristics and prenatal supplementation of nutrients were collected by a questionnaire survey...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141329/-association-between-illness-and-mental-status-in-pregnant-women-and-birth-defects
#19
D D Zhao, Y X Dai, L Q Guo, R Liu, H L Wang, B B Mi, S N Dang, H Yan
Objective: To understand the prevalence of birth defects, related diseases and mental status of women during pregnancy in Shaanxi province and to analyse the major risk factors on birth defects and congenital heart disease. Possible association between maternal diseases or mental status and the risk of birth defects, was also explored. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used in this study and stratified multistage random sampling method was used. The whole survey was from Jury 2013 to November 2013. Logistic regression method was used to analyze the association between maternal diseases, mental status during pregnancy and birth defects...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140750/postlicensure-safety-surveillance-of-congenital-anomaly-and-miscarriage-among-pregnancies-exposed-to-quadrivalent-human-papillomavirus-vaccine
#20
Lina S Sy, Kristin I Meyer, Nicola P Klein, Chun Chao, Christine Velicer, T Craig Cheetham, Bradley K Ackerson, Jeff M Slezak, Harpreet S Takhar, John Hansen, Kamala Deosaransingh, Kai-Li Liaw, Steven J Jacobsen
Limited safety data are available on inadvertent exposure to quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (4vHPV) during pregnancy. We conducted a descriptive observational postlicensure safety surveillance study in Kaiser Permanente Southern California and Northern California to assess congenital anomaly and miscarriage among pregnancies exposed to 4vHPV. Using electronic medical records, we identified women who received a dose of 4vHPV between August 2006 and March 2008 within 30 days preconception or any time during a possible pregnancy...
November 15, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
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