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gemcitabine resistance

Libin Wang, Feng Wang, Li Na, Jingjing Yu, Liya Huang, Zhi-Qiang Meng, Zhen Chen, Hao Chen, Liu-Lu Ming, Yong-Qiang Hua
BACKGROUND: Recent study revealed that abnormal long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) expression are association with chemotherapy resistance of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of lncRNA AB209630 expression for gemcitabine resistance in PDAC cells. METHODS: In the study, increased expression of lncRNA AB209630 could suppress cell proliferation and cell colony formation ability in gemcitabine resistance cells of PDAC...
February 28, 2018: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Xu Zhu, Xiaomeng Shen, Jun Qu, Robert M Straubinger, William J Jusko
Pancreatic cancer is characterized by mutated signaling pathways and a high incidence of drug resistance. Comprehensive, large-scale proteomic analysis can provide a system-wide view of signaling networks, assist in understanding drug mechanisms of action and interactions, and serve as a useful tool for pancreatic cancer research. In this study, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based proteomic analysis was applied to characterize the combination of gemcitabine and birinapant in pancreatic cancer cells, which was shown previously to be synergistic...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Kitti Intuyod, Aroonsri Priprem, Chawalit Pairojkul, Chariya Hahnvajanawong, Kulthida Vaeteewoottacharn, Porntip Pinlaor, Somchai Pinlaor
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a deleterious bile duct tumor with poor prognosis and is relatively resistant to chemotherapy. Therefore, alternative or supplementary agents with anticancer and chemosensitizing activities may be useful for the treatment of CCA. A novel anthocyanin complex (AC) nanoparticle, developed from extracts of cobs of purple waxy corn and petals of blue butterfly pea, has exhibited chemopreventive potential in vivo. In the present study, the anti-CCA activities of AC and their underlying molecular mechanisms were investigated further in vitro using a CCA cell line (KKU213)...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Faizule Hassan, Shuisong Ni, Tyler C Arnett, Melanie C McKell, Michael A Kennedy
High mobility group AT-hook 1 (HMGA1) protein is an oncogenic architectural transcription factor that plays an essential role in early development, but it is also implicated in many human cancers. Elevated levels of HMGA1 in cancer cells cause misregulation of gene expression and are associated with increased cancer cell proliferation and increased chemotherapy resistance. We have devised a strategy of using engineered viruses to deliver decoy hyper binding sites for HMGA1 to the nucleus of cancer cells with the goal of sequestering excess HMGA1 at the decoy hyper binding sites due to binding competition...
March 30, 2018: Molecular Therapy Oncolytics
Kazuki Takasaki, Morikazu Miyamoto, Masashi Takano, Hiroaki Soyama, Tadashi Aoyama, Hiroko Matsuura, Kento Kato, Takahiro Sakamoto, Mika Kuwahara, Hideki Iwahashi, Hiroki Ishibashi, Tomoyuki Yoshikawa, Kenichi Furuya
PURPOSE: To compare a cohort of patients with platinum-resistant recurrent ovarian cancer (PROC) treated with bevacizumab and gemcitabine (Bev-Gem) to that of patients treated only with gemcitabine (Gem). METHODS: Between 2011 and 2017, we identified the Bev-Gem and Gem PROC groups. The regimen included 1000 mg/m2 of Gem on days 1, 8, and 15, and 15 mg/m2 of Bev on day 1, every 4 weeks. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated from the date of the administration of Bev-Gem or Gem until disease progression or death...
March 2, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Ting Zhan, Xiaodong Huang, Xia Tian, Xiaoli Chen, Yu Ding, Hesheng Luo, Yadong Zhang
Drug resistance is a major cause of treatment failure in pancreatic cancer. The limited evidence indicates the involvement of miR-455-3p in chemotherapy resistance of cancer. Here we observed by qPCR that miR-455-3p was significantly decreased in pancreatic cancer tissues and cell lines. We then confirmed that the inhibition of miR-455-3p increased cell proliferation and gemcitabine resistance of pancreatic cancer, whereas forced overexpression of miR-455-3p had the opposite effect. Furthermore, we demonstrated that TAZ, which is associated with drug resistance of pancreatic cancer, is a new direct downstream target of miR-455-3p...
March 2, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
David E Gerber, Mark A Socinski, Joel W Neal, Heather A Wakelee, Keisuke Shirai, Lecia V Sequist, Rachel P Rosovsky, Rogerio C Lilenbaum, Bruno R Bastos, Chao Huang, Melissa L Johnson, Paul J Hesketh, Deepa S Subramaniam, Martin F Dietrich, Feng Chai, Yunxia Wang, Julia Kazakin, Brian Schwartz, Joan H Schiller, Julie R Brahmer, Ronan J Kelly
BACKGROUND: KRAS mutations are identified in approximately 25% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases and are associated with resistance to currently available targeted therapies. The MET oncogene may be implicated in malignant progression of KRAS-mutant tumors. In a pre-specified subset analysis of KRAS mutant cancers in an earlier phase 2 study of erlotinib plus the oral MET inhibitor tivantinib, combination therapy was associated with substantial clinical benefit compared to erlotinib alone (progression-free survival [PFS] HR 0...
March 2018: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Junjie Li, Xiaochao Qu, Jie Tian, Jian-Ting Zhang, Ji-Xin Cheng
Recent advances have recognized metabolic reprogramming as an underlying mechanism for cancer drug resistance. However, the role of cholesterol metabolism in drug resistance remain elusive. Herein, we report an increased accumulation of cholesteryl ester in gemcitabine-resistant pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells. A potent inhibitor of acyl-CoA cholesterol acyltransferase-1 (ACAT-1), avasimibe, effectively suppressed proliferation of gemcitabine-resistant PDAC cells. Combination of avasimibe and gemcitabine showed strong synergistic effect in suppressing PDAC cell viability in vitro and tumor growth in vivo...
2018: PloS One
Kentaro Igarashi, Kei Kawaguchi, Tasuku Kiyuna, Kentaro Miyake, Masuyo Miyake, Yunfeng Li, Scott D Nelson, Sarah M Dry, Arun S Singh, Irmina A Elliott, Tara A Russell, Mark A Eckardt, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Hiroaki Kimura, Shinji Miwa, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya, Fritz C Eilber, Robert M Hoffman
Relapsed osteosarcoma is a recalcitrant tumor. A patient's cisplatinum (CDDP)-resistant relapsed osteosarcoma lung metastasis was previously established orthotopically in the distal femur of mice to establish a patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) model. In the present study, the PDOX models were randomized into the following groups when tumor volume reached 100 mm3 : G1, control without treatment; G2, CDDP (6 mg/kg, intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection, weekly, for 2 weeks); gemcitabine (GEM) (100 mg/kg, i...
January 30, 2018: Oncotarget
Maiyon Park, Danielle Upton, Melodie Blackmon, Valerie Dixon, Scott Craver, Dawn Neal, Derek Perkins
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer related death and its incidence has risen steadily. Although anticancer drugs have been developed based on the new molecular findings, the drugs have produced unsatisfactory results due to toxicity and resistance. Thus, a complementary therapeutic intervention is urgently needed for pancreatic cancer patients. METHODS: The aim of this study was to assess the potential therapeutic effect of Anacardic acid on pancreatic cancer in vitro and elucidate its underlying mechanisms...
February 20, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Norihiko Sasaki, Toshiyuki Ishiwata, Fumio Hasegawa, Masaki Michishita, Hiroki Kawai, Yoko Matsuda, Tomio Arai, Naoshi Ishikawa, Junko Aida, Kaiyo Takubo, Masashi Toyoda
The expression of ATP-binding cassette subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2) is related with tumorigenic cancer stem cells (CSCs) in several cancers. However, the effects of ABCG2 on CSC-related malignant characteristics in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are not well elucidated. In this study, we compared the characteristics of low (ABCG2-) and high (ABCG2+)-ABCG2-expressing PDAC cells after cell sorting. In adherent culture condition, human PDAC cells, PANC-1, contained approximately 10% ABCG2+ cell populations, and ABCG2+ cells displayed more and longer microvilli compared with ABCG2- cells...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Science
Kosmas Daskalakis, Olov Norlen, Andreas Karakatsanis, Per Hellman, Rolf Larsson, Peter Nygren, Peter Stalberg
Small intestinal endocrine tumours (SI-NETs) are generally considered resistant to systemic treatment. To date, predictive markers for drug activity are lacking. Tumour samples from 27 patients with SI-NETs were analyzed ex vivo for sensitivity to a panel of cytotoxic drugs and targeted agents using a short-term total cell kill assay. Samples of renal cancer, colorectal cancer (CRC), ovarian cancer, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) were included for comparison. For the SI-NET subset, drug sensitivity was analyzed in relation to clinico-pathological variables and pre-treatment biomarkers...
February 12, 2018: Endocrine-related Cancer
Jianhua Yu, Weiguang Zhang, Baochun Lu, Hongwei Qian, Haijun Tang, Zhiyang Zhu, Xinggui Yuan, Peitu Ren
Resistance to chemotherapy is associated with dismal prognosis in patients with gallbladder cancer. Cyclin-dependent kinase 10 (CDK10) influences the chemosensitivity of gallbladder cancer cells, and cyclin M is the activating factor and binding partner of CDK10. To determine the effect of CDK10 or cyclin M overexpression on chemosensitivity, gemcitabine-resistant (GR) subclones were established from CDK10 or cyclin M stable transfectants. Stable overexpression of CDK10 increased the sensitivity to gemcitabine in non-resistant cells and did not further increase the sensitivity to gemcitabine in the GR subclones...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Shenghua Tian, Pingping Li, Shi Sheng, Xin Jin
Pancreatic cancer has one of the highest mortality rates of all cancer types. Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is a multifunctional protein homodimer that can convert acetyl coenzyme A (CoA) and malonyl-CoA into palmitate, thus regulating lipogenesis. FASN overexpression has also been shown to cause resistance to gemcitabine, a chemotherapy treatment for pancreatic cancer; however, the mechanism by which this happens is unclear. Analysis of gene expression of FASN and pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) in pancreatic cancer was performed using Oncomine microarray gene expression datasets, which demonstrated that FASN and PKM2 were upregulated in pancreatic cancer compared with normal tissue...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Richard Daifuku, Michael Koratich, Murray Stackhouse
Vitamin E phosphate (VEP) nucleoside prodrugs are designed to bypass two mechanisms of tumor resistance to therapeutic nucleosides: nucleoside transport and kinase downregulation. Certain isoforms of vitamin E (VE) have shown activity against solid and hematologic tumors and result in chemosensitization. Because gemcitabine is one of the most common chemotherapeutics for the treatment of cancer, it was used to demonstrate the constructs utility. Four different VE isoforms were conjugated with gemcitabine at the 5' position...
February 6, 2018: Pharmaceuticals
Divya Chakravarthy, Amanda R Muñoz, Angel Su, Rosa F Hwang, Brian R Keppler, Daniel E Chan, Glenn Halff, Rita Ghosh, Addanki P Kumar
Reciprocal interaction between pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) and cancer cells (PCCs) in the tumor microenvironment (TME) promotes tumor cell survival and progression to lethal, therapeutically resistant pancreatic cancer. The goal of this study was to test the ability of Palmatine (PMT) to disrupt this reciprocal interaction in vitro and examine the underlying mechanism of interaction. We show that PSCs secrete glutamine into the extracellular environment under nutrient deprivation. PMT suppresses glutamine-mediated changes in GLI signaling in PCCs resulting in the inhibition of growth and migration while inducing apoptosis by inhibition of survivin...
January 31, 2018: Cancer Letters
Cuong C Dang, Antonio Peón, Pedro J Ballester
BACKGROUND: Oncology drugs are only effective in a small proportion of cancer patients. Our current ability to identify these responsive patients before treatment is still poor in most cases. Thus, there is a pressing need to discover response markers for marketed and research oncology drugs. Screening these drugs against a large panel of cancer cell lines has led to the discovery of new genomic markers of in vitro drug response. However, while the identification of such markers among thousands of candidate drug-gene associations in the data is error-prone, an appraisal of the effectiveness of such detection task is currently lacking...
February 6, 2018: BMC Medical Genomics
Chunwan Lu, Dafeng Yang, Maria E Sabbatini, Aaron H Colby, Mark W Grinstaff, Nicholas H Oberlies, Cedric Pearce, Kebin Liu
BACKGROUND: Pancreas ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has the most dismal prognosis among all human cancers since it is highly resistant to chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy. The anticipated consequence of all therapies is induction of tumor apoptosis. The highly resistance nature of PDACs to all therapies suggests that the intrinsic tumor cell factors, likely the deregulated apoptosis pathway, are key mechanisms underlying PDAC non-response to these therapies, rather than the therapeutic agents themselves...
February 6, 2018: BMC Cancer
A Laroche-Clary, C Lucchesi, C Rey, S Verbeke, A Bourdon, V Chaire, M-P Algéo, S Cousin, M Toulmonde, V Vélasco, J Shutzman, A Savina, F Le Loarer, A Italiano
Background: Inhibition of ChK1 appears as a promising strategy for selectively potentiate the efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents in G1 checkpoint-defective tumor cells such as those that lack functional p53 protein. The p53 pathway is commonly dysregulated in soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) through mutations affecting TP53 or MDM2 amplification. GDC-0575 is a selective ATP-competitive inhibitor of CHK1. Methods: We have performed a systematic screening of a panel of 10 STS cell lines by combining the treatment of GDC-0575 with chemotherapy...
February 2, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Leore T Geller, Ravid Straussman
We recently reported that bacteria can be found within pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tumors. Some of these bacteria can metabolize and thereby inactivate the nucleoside analog gemcitabine. We demonstrated that the long isoform of the bacterial enzyme cytidine deaminase (CDD) mediates the metabolism of gemcitabine. The clinical effect of overcoming this potential mechanism of drug resistance has yet to be studied.
2018: Molecular & Cellular Oncology
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