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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466072/a-novel-auxiliary-device-for-preventing-band-slippage-after-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-infra-band-fixation-using-s-loop
#1
Sang-Yong Son, Yun Chan Park
BACKGROUND: Band slippage is known to be a troublesome complication of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), often requiring surgical intervention. To prevent band slippage, a new auxiliary device "S-loop" was developed. METHODS: From July 2010 to January 2014, a total of 814 LAGBs were performed by a single surgeon. The patients were divided into two groups based on the application of S-loop: conventional LAGB group (n = 378) and S-loop group (n = 436)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455406/conversional-weight-loss-surgery-an-australian-experience-of-converting-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-bands-to-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#2
M Devadas, D J Ku
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity, capable of producing more than 50% excess weight loss at 10-year follow-up (James Clin Dermatol 1; 22:276-80; O'Brien Br J Surg 2; 102:611-17; Buchwald et al. Metab Syndr 3; 347-56). The success of bariatric surgery extends far beyond weight loss, with up to 80-90% of patients having improvement or resolution of many of their weight-related co-morbidities including type II diabetes mellitus and hypertension (Puzziferri et al...
February 17, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455405/bariatric-surgery-in-patients-on-chronic-anticoagulation-therapy
#3
Gautam Sharma, Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Ali Aminian, Suriya Punchai, Emre Bucak, Philip R Schauer, Stacy A Brethauer
BACKGROUND: Perioperative management of chronically anti-coagulated patients undergoing bariatric surgery requires a balance of managing hemorrhagic and thromboembolic risks. The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of hemorrhagic complications and their management in chronically anticoagulated (CAT) patients undergoing bariatric surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of CAT patients undergoing bariatric surgery at an academic center from 2008 to 2015 was studied...
February 17, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453210/polymicrobial-bacterial-pericarditis-and-cardiac-tamponade-caused-by-pericardial-penetration-of-an-adjustable-gastric-band
#4
Ype de Jong, Rhiannon B van Loenhout, Dingeman J Swank, Casper L Jansen, Bastiaan J Sorgdrager
We describe a case of polymicrobial bacterial pericarditis with Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis , caused by pericardial penetration of the tip of the catheter of a laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB). The patient developed a cardiac tamponade, and subsequently emergency pericardiocentesis was performed. Analysis of earlier CT scans showed that the tip of the catheter had migrated through the liver and through the diaphragm into the pericardium, and was in contact with the myocardium. After stabilisation he was operated to remove the LAGB...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450469/association-between-bariatric-surgery-and-rates-of-continuation-discontinuation-or-initiation-of-antidiabetes-treatment-6-years-later
#5
Jérémie Thereaux, Thomas Lesuffleur, Sébastien Czernichow, Arnaud Basdevant, Simon Msika, David Nocca, Bertrand Millat, Anne Fagot-Campagna
Importance: Few large-scale long-term prospective cohort studies have assessed changes in antidiabetes treatment after bariatric surgery. Objective: To describe the association between bariatric surgery and rates of continuation, discontinuation, or initiation of antidiabetes treatment 6 years after bariatric surgery compared with a matched control obese group. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide observational population-based cohort study extracted health care reimbursement data from the French national health insurance database from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2015...
February 14, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449092/efficacy-of-narrow-band-imaging-for-detecting-intestinal-metaplasia-in-adult-patients-with-symptoms-of-dyspepsia
#6
S Sobrino-Cossío, J M Abdo Francis, F Emura, E S Galvis-García, M L Márquez Rocha, G Mateos-Pérez, C B González-Sánchez, N Uedo
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Atrophy and intestinal metaplasia are early phenotypic markers in gastric carcinogenesis. White light endoscopy does not allow direct biopsy of intestinal metaplasia due to a lack of contrast of the mucosa. Narrow-band imaging is known to enhance the visibility of intestinal metaplasia, to reduce sampling error, and to increase the diagnostic yield of endoscopy for intestinal metaplasia in Asian patients. The aim of our study was to validate the diagnostic performance of narrow-band imaging using 1...
February 12, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439278/delineation-of-the-extent-of-early-gastric-cancer-by-magnifying-narrow-band-imaging-and-chromoendoscopy-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Takashi Nagahama, Kenshi Yao, Noriya Uedo, Hisashi Doyama, Tetsuya Ueo, Kunihisa Uchita, Hideki Ishikawa, Takashi Kanesaka, Yasuhito Takeda, Kurato Wada, Kentaro Imamura, Hisatomi Arima, Toshio Shimokawa
BACKGROUND: Accurate delineation of tumor margins is necessary for curative resection of early gastric cancer (EGC). The objective of this multicenter, randomized, controlled study was to compare the accuracy with which magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) and indigo carmine chromoendoscopy delineate EGC margins. METHODS: Patients with EGC ≥ 10 mm undergoing endoscopic or surgical resection were enrolled. The oral-side margins of the lesions were first evaluated with conventional white-light endoscopy in both groups and then delineated by either chromoendoscopy or M-NBI...
February 13, 2018: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425382/the-beneficial-effect-of-weight-reduction-on-adverse-cardiovascular-outcomes-following-bariatric-surgery-is-attenuated-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#8
Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Bennet Pandey, Christopher Stoming, Zoe Heis, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, M Fuad Jan, Indrajit Choudhuri, Thomas Y Chua, Jasbir Sra, A Jamil Tajik, Arshad Jahangir
Weight loss after bariatric surgery is associated with reduction in adverse cardiovascular outcomes; however, the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on reduction of cardiovascular outcomes after bariatric surgery in morbidly obese patients is not known. We retrospectively assessed differences in cardiovascular events after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB)-induced weight loss in patients with and without OSA before and after propensity score matching for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and major comorbidities between the two groups and determined predictors of poor outcomes...
February 7, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423556/psychosocial-predictors-of-change-in-depressive-symptoms-following-gastric-banding-surgery
#9
Kymberlie Preiss, David Clarke, Paul O'Brien, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Annemarie Hindle, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify psychosocial variables associated with the relationship between weight loss and change in depressive symptoms following gastric banding surgery. METHODS: Ninety-nine adults completed self-report questionnaires assessing depressive symptoms and other psychosocial variables (self-esteem, body image dissatisfaction, perceived physical health, and perceived weight-based stigmatisation) prior to gastric-band surgery and monthly for 6-month post-surgery...
February 8, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422300/conversion-to-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-after-failure-of-laparoscopic-gastric-band-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-cost-considerations
#10
REVIEW
Antonio Gangemi, Sarah Russel, Krupa Patel, Hazbar Khalaf, Mario Masrur, Chandra Hassan
No universal consensus has been achieved as to whether the laparoscopic adjustable gastric band to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy conversion should be performed in one or two steps. To determine the differences in operative outcomes and cost, a systematic, comprehensive review of the literature was conducted using the PubMed database from the National Institutes of Health. Nine studies were included with 809 patients. Weighted averages were calculated to compare operative outcomes, and cost analyses were conducted with these averages...
February 5, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417487/perioperative-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-and-robotic-revisional-bariatric-surgery-in-a-complex-patient-population
#11
Katherine D Gray, Maureen D Moore, Adham Elmously, Omar Bellorin, Rasa Zarnegar, Gregory Dakin, Alfons Pomp, Cheguevara Afaneh
BACKGROUND: Utilization of the robotic platform has become more common in bariatric applications. We aim to show that robotic revisional bariatric surgery (RRBS) can be safely performed in a complex patient population with perioperative outcomes equivalent to laparoscopic revisional bariatric surgery (LRBS). METHODS: Retrospective review was conducted of adult patients undergoing laparoscopic revisional bariatric surgery (LRBS) or robotic revisional bariatric surgery (RRBS) at our institution from September 2007 to December 2016...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399611/multiple-convex-demarcation-line-for-prediction-of-benign-depressed-gastric-lesions-in-magnifying-narrow-band-imaging
#12
Takashi Kanesaka, Noriya Uedo, Kenshi Yao, Yasumasa Ezoe, Hisashi Doyama, Ichiro Oda, Kazuhiro Kaneko, Yoshiro Kawahara, Chizu Yokoi, Yasushi Sugiura, Hideki Ishikawa, Yoji Takeuchi, Masamichi Arao, Taro Iwatsubo, Hiroyoshi Iwagami, Kenji Matsuno, Manabu Muto, Yutaka Saito, Yasuhiko Tomita
Background and study aims:  With magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) of the gastric mucosa, a characteristic demarcation line (DL) is occasionally found in non-cancerous depressed lesions. This DL forms multiple convex shapes along the edge of the epithelia of surrounding mucosa. We have termed this novel finding a multiple convex DL (MCDL). In this study, we clarified the prevalence of an MCDL in depressed gastric lesions detected in patients at high risk for gastric cancer and determined the diagnostic yield necessary to distinguish between cancer and non-cancer...
February 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393168/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-adenocarcinomas-of-the-esophagogastric-junction
#13
Yasuaki Nagami, Masaki Ominami, Koji Otani, Shuhei Hosomi, Fumio Tanaka, Koichi Taira, Noriko Kamata, Hirokazu Yamagami, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Masatsugu Shiba, Toshio Watanabe, Yasuhiro Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) is uncommon in Eastern countries, including Japan, but it is believed that the incidence of EGJ adenocarcinoma will increase in Asia in the future due to the decreasing incidence of Helicobacter pylori infection. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a minimally invasive and curative treatment that allows precise pathological assessment. SUMMARY: Magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging may be useful for differential diagnoses and for delineating the cancer margin of EGJ adenocarcinoma, but subsquamous carcinoma extension, which is the invasion of EGJ adenocarcinoma beneath the normal esophageal squamous epithelium, makes it difficult to detect cancer margins of the oral side in ESD for EGJ adenocarcinoma...
February 1, 2018: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370995/american-society-for-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-estimation-of-metabolic-and-bariatric-procedures-performed-in-the-united-states-in-2016
#14
Wayne J English, Eric J DeMaria, Stacy A Brethauer, Samer G Mattar, Raul J Rosenthal, John M Morton
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery, despite being the most successful long-lasting treatment for morbid obesity, remains underused as only approximately 1% of all patients who qualify for surgery actually undergo surgery. To determine if patients in need are receiving appropriate therapy, the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery created a Numbers Taskforce to specify annual rate of use for obesity treatment interventions. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine metabolic and bariatric procedure trends since 2011 and to provide the best estimate of the number of procedures performed in the United States in 2016...
December 16, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340677/association-of-bariatric-surgery-using-laparoscopic-banding-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-or-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-vs-usual-care-obesity-management-with-all-cause-mortality
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Orna Reges, Philip Greenland, Dror Dicker, Morton Leibowitz, Moshe Hoshen, Ilan Gofer, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Ran D Balicer
Importance: Bariatric surgery is an effective and safe approach for weight loss and short-term improvement in metabolic disorders such as diabetes. However, studies have been limited in most settings by lack of a nonsurgical group, losses to follow-up, missing data, and small sample sizes in clinical trials and observational studies. Objective: To assess the association of 3 common types of bariatric surgery compared with nonsurgical treatment with mortality and other clinical outcomes among obese patients...
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335933/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-bariatric-surgery-for-morbid-obesity
#16
Adnan Alsumali, Tewodros Eguale, Sigrid Bairdain, Mihail Samnaliev
BACKGROUND: In the USA, three types of bariatric surgeries are widely performed, including laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). However, few economic evaluations of bariatric surgery are published. There is also scarcity of studies focusing on the LSG alone. Therefore, this study is evaluating the cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery using LRYGB, LAGB, and LSG as treatment for morbid obesity...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331460/inhibition-of-shigella-sonnei-induced-epithelial-barrier-disruption-by-surface-layer-associated-proteins-of-lactobacilli-from-chinese-fermented-food
#17
Yingchun Zhang, Xiaolu Shi, Siqi Hao, Qianhui Lu, Lanwei Zhang, Xue Han, Weihong Lu
Surface-layer associated proteins (SLAP) of Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei M5-L and Lactobacillus casei Q8-L were examined to identify the functional basis for their protection within intestinal epithelial cells. The results showed that SLAP of M5-L and Q8-L remained active in a trypsin solution and retained a 45-kDa protein band, similar to that observed in controls. In contrast, under conditions of simulated gastric juice, the SLAP were partially degraded. Inhibitory effects of SLAP on adherence of Shigella sonnei to HT-29 cells were assessed with use of exclusion, competition, and replacement assays...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329975/risk-of-suicide-and-non-fatal-self-harm-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-two-matched-cohort-studies
#18
Martin Neovius, Gustaf Bruze, Peter Jacobson, Kajsa Sjöholm, Kari Johansson, Fredrik Granath, Johan Sundström, Ingmar Näslund, Claude Marcus, Johan Ottosson, Markku Peltonen, Lena M S Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery reduces mortality, but might have adverse effects on mental health. We assessed the risk of suicide and self-harm after bariatric surgery compared with non-surgical obesity treatment. METHODS: Suicide and non-fatal self-harm events retrieved from nationwide Swedish registers were examined in two cohorts. The non-randomised, prospective Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study compared bariatric surgery (n=2010; 1369 vertical-banded gastroplasty, 376 gastric banding, and 265 gastric bypass) with usual care (n=2037; recruitment 1987-2001)...
January 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311357/cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-adolescent-bariatric-surgery
#19
Marc P Michalsky, Thomas H Inge, Todd M Jenkins, Changchun Xie, Anita Courcoulas, Michael Helmrath, Mary L Brandt, Carroll M Harmon, Mike Chen, John B Dixon, Elaine M Urbina
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Severely obese adolescents harbor numerous cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD-RFs), which improve after metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS). However, predictors of change in CVD-RFs among adolescents have not yet been reported. METHODS: The Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery study (NCT00474318) prospectively collected anthropometric and health status data on 242 adolescents undergoing MBS at 5 centers. Predictors of change in CVD-RFs (blood pressure, lipids, glucose homeostasis, and inflammation) 3 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and vertical sleeve gastrectomy were examined...
January 8, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306650/common-weight-loss-procedures-and-their-complications
#20
REVIEW
Maria S Altieri, Brian Wright, Andrew Peredo, Aurora D Pryor
BACKGROUND: As the number of obese patients in the United States continues to grow, there is a parallel increase in the number of bariatric surgery patients. A quarter of these patients will return to the Emergency Department (ED) within the first two years of the index procedure. OBJECTIVE: An understanding of the most common bariatric procedures and their related complications will greatly aide the Emergency Medicine physician in the care of these patients. DISCUSSION: Abdominal pain is the most common reason for bariatric patients to present to the ED and can represent a diagnostic challenge to EM physicians...
December 2, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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