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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225083/computer-aided-diagnosis-for-identifying-and-delineating-early-gastric-cancers-in-magnifying-narrow-band-images
#1
Takashi Kanesaka, Tsung-Chun Lee, Noriya Uedo, Kun-Pei Lin, Huai-Zhe Chen, Ji-Yuh Lee, Hsiu-Po Wang, Hsuan-Ting Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Magnifying narrow-band imaging (M-NBI) is important in the diagnosis of early gastric cancers (EGCs), but requires expertise to master. We developed a computer-aided diagnosis (CADx) system to assist endoscopists in identifying and delineating EGCs. METHODS: We retrospectively collected and randomly selected 66 EGC M-NBI images and 60 non-cancer M-NBI images into a training set, and 61 EGC M-NBI images and 20 non-cancer M-NBI images into a test set...
December 7, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218217/gastric-band-tubing-related-complication-during-pregnancy
#2
Yuni F Ongso, Han N Beh
In the past few decades, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is one of the most common bariatric procedures performed to treat morbid obesity. Device-related complication such as connection-tubing problem is rare. Here we present a case of gastric band tubing complication during pregnancy. This case illustrates the need to maintain high index of suspicion of gastric band device-related complication during pregnancy and early referral for bariatric surgical assessment is recommended.
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216843/evaluation-of-the-visibility-of-early-gastric-cancer-using-linked-color-imaging-and-blue-laser-imaging
#3
Yoshikazu Yoshifuku, Yoji Sanomura, Shiro Oka, Mio Kurihara, Takeshi Mizumoto, Tomohiro Miwata, Yuji Urabe, Toru Hiyama, Shinji Tanaka, Kazuaki Chayama
BACKGROUND: Blue laser imaging (BLI) and linked color imaging (LCI) are the color enhancement features of the LASEREO endoscopic system, which provide a narrow band light observation function and expansion and reduction of the color information, respectively. METHODS: We examined 82 patients with early gastric cancer (EGC) diagnosed between April 2014 and August 2015. Five expert and 5 non-expert endoscopists retrospectively compared images obtained on non-magnifying BLI bright mode (BLI-BRT) and LCI with those obtained via conventional white light imaging (WLI)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214306/seven-year-weight-trajectories-and-health-outcomes-in-the-longitudinal-assessment-of-bariatric-surgery-labs-study
#4
Anita P Courcoulas, Wendy C King, Steven H Belle, Paul Berk, David R Flum, Luis Garcia, William Gourash, Mary Horlick, James E Mitchell, Alfons Pomp, Walter J Pories, Jonathan Q Purnell, Ashima Singh, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Richard Thirlby, Bruce M Wolfe, Susan Z Yanovski
Importance: More information is needed about the durability of weight loss and health improvements after bariatric surgical procedures. Objective: To examine long-term weight change and health status following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). Design, Setting, and Participants: The Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (LABS) study is a multicenter observational cohort study at 10 US hospitals in 6 geographically diverse clinical centers...
December 6, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212336/-new-directions-in-bariatric-and-metabolic-surgery
#5
Martin Fried
Czech Republic may be counted among the leading European Countries in regards of the level of delivered high quality multidisciplinary care in treatment of obesity and obesity related metabolic diseases. The 1st Faculty of Medicine (Charles University) and the Faculty General Hospital in Prague played the most important role in the development of bariatric and metabolic surgery in the Czech Republic. pCzech bariatric surgery achieves great successes both on national and international levels. Just to mention some of them: M...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210844/ultrasound-examination-of-the-antrum-to-predict-gastric-content-volume-in-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy-as-assessed-by-mri-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Mathilde Roukhomovsky, Laurent Zieleskiewicz, Alexandre Diaz, Laurent Guibaud, Kathia Chaumoitre, François-Pierrick Desgranges, Marc Leone, Dominique Chassard, Lionel Bouvet
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound examination of the gastric antrum allows reliable pre-operative assessment of gastric contents and volume in adult patients. However, during pregnancy, the change in the anatomical position of the stomach due to the gravid uterus leads to a change in the measured value of the antral area. Therefore, current mathematical models predicting gastric content volume (GCV) in the adult may not apply in term pregnant women. OBJECTIVE: To propose a mathematical model which is predictive of GCV in pregnant women and to assess the performance of an ultrasound qualitative grading scale (0 to 2) for the diagnosis of clear fluid volumes more than 0...
November 27, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209115/procedure-related-complications-in-gastric-variceal-obturation-with-tissue-glue
#7
Yun-Wei Guo, Hui-Biao Miao, Zhuo-Fu Wen, Jie-Ying Xuan, Hao-Xiong Zhou
AIM: To focus on procedure-related complications, evaluate their incidence, analyze the reasons and discuss the solutions. METHODS: Overall, 628 endoscopic gastric variceal obturation (EGVO) procedures (case-times) with NBC were performed in 519 patients in the Department of Endoscopy of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from January 2011 to December 2016. The clinical data of patients and procedure-related complications of EGVO were retrospectively analyzed...
November 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208590/the-national-patient-centered-clinical-research-network-pcornet-bariatric-study-cohort-rationale-methods-and-baseline-characteristics
#8
Sengwee Toh, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Emily E Harmata, Roy Pardee, Rosalinde Saizan, Elisha Malanga, Jessica L Sturtevant, Casie E Horgan, Jane Anau, Cheri D Janning, Robert D Wellman, R Yates Coley, Andrea J Cook, Anita P Courcoulas, Karen J Coleman, Neely A Williams, Kathleen M McTigue, David Arterburn, James McClay
BACKGROUND: Although bariatric procedures are commonly performed in clinical practice, long-term data on the comparative effectiveness and safety of different procedures on sustained weight loss, comorbidities, and adverse effects are limited, especially in important patient subgroups (eg, individuals with diabetes, older patients, adolescents, and minority patients). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to create a population-based cohort of patients who underwent 3 commonly performed bariatric procedures-adjustable gastric band (AGB), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), and sleeve gastrectomy (SG)-to examine the long-term comparative effectiveness and safety of these procedures in both adults and adolescents...
December 5, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206636/long-term-effect-of-weight-loss-induced-by-bariatric-surgery-on-asthma-control-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-asthmatic-patients-with-severe-obesity-a-pilot-study
#9
Mauro Maniscalco, Alessandro Sanduzzi Zamparelli, Dino Franco Vitale, Stanislao Faraone, Antonio Molino, Anna Zedda, Andrea Motta
BACKGROUND: The weight loss induced by bariatric surgery (BS) improves asthma clinical control evaluated usually after a short time. The long-term effects of weight loss attained by BS on asthma control and health related-quality of life (HRQoL) in patients affected by asthma and obesity are not known. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the five-year effect of weight reduction induced by BS on asthma control, quality of life and pulmonary functional parameters in severely obese intermittent or mild-to-moderate asthmatic patients...
September 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204778/conversion-of-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-to-gastric-bypass-a-comparison-to-primary-gastric-bypass
#10
Abbas Al-Kurd, Ronit Grinbaum, Ala'a Abubeih, Baha Siam, Muhammad Ghanem, Haggi Mazeh, Ido Mizrahi, Nahum Beglaibter
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has a considerable failure rate. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is one of the rescue options. This study aims to compare the complication rates and outcomes between LAGB converted to LRYGB and primary LRYGB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in all patients converted from LAGB to LRYGB between January 2007 and March 2017. This group was compared to a matched cohort of primary LRYGB patients operated during the same period...
December 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204429/acid-suppressive-therapy-improved-symptoms-due-to-circumferential-cervical-inlet-patch-with-proton-pumps-h-k-atpase
#11
Takanori Yamada, Atsushi Tsuji, Shunya Onoue, Masanao Kaneko, Fumihiko Tanioka, Satoshi Osawa, Yasuhiko Saida
Cervical inlet patch (CIP), also referred to as esophageal heterotopic gastric mucosa, is regarded as the residue of columnar epithelium of the embryonic esophagus. Narrow band imaging increases the detection rate of CIP. Herein, we present a 55-year-old man with symptomatic circumferential inlet patch. He exhibited globus and dysphagia, and esophagogastroduodenoscopy found cir-cumferential CIP, where im-munohistochemistry revealed the existence of pro-ton pumps (H+, K+-ATPase). His throat symptoms were relieved by acid suppressive therapy with pump inhibitors...
November 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197047/correction-to-long-term-over-10-years-retrospective-follow-up-of-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding
#12
Dvir Froylich, Tamar Abramovich-Segal, Guy Pascal, Ivy Haskins, Boaz Appel, Naama Kafri, David Hazzan
In the original article the spelling of author Naama Kafri was incorrect.
December 1, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192642/importance-of-optical-diagnosis-in-early-gastric-cancer-a-case-report-of-early-gastric-signet-ring-cell-carcinoma
#13
P S Akabah, S Mocan, C Molnar, D Dobru
Gastric signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is a rare form of highly malignant adenocarcinoma. It is an epithelial malignancy characterized by the histologic appearance of more than 50% of cells as signet ring cells filled with mucin. The incidence of SRCC is rising,[1],[2] therefore, the diagnosis of these cancers in the early stage is important as it is the only stage that curative measures can be done. A 49-year-old female was hospitalized due to epigastric pain, postprandial bloating for 3 months. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with narrow band imaging (NBI) showed 1...
October 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188354/-endoscopic-techniques-for-early-stage-cancer-of-the-upper-and-lower-gastrointestinal-tract-possibilities-and-limitations
#14
REVIEW
A Probst, A Ebigbo, H Messmann
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic resection (ER) provides a minimally invasive treatment option for early gastrointestinal cancers. OBJECTIVE: Presentation of current guideline recommendations. Presentation and discussion of published data regarding ER of early esophageal cancer, early gastric cancer and early colorectal cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of the current literature. Presentation of endoscopic case reports. RESULTS: New technologies, e...
November 29, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185185/the-long-term-effects-of-the-adjustable-gastric-band-on-esophageal-motility-in-patients-who-present-for-band-removal
#15
Loic Tchokouani, Anusha Jayaram, Naif Alenazi, Gustavo Fernandez Ranvier, Gina Sam, Subhash Kini
BACKGROUND: During the past decade, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) was one of the most popular surgical procedures in treating morbid obesity. Long-term effects, specifically on esophageal motility, of LAGB have not been well described in the literature despite the high prevalence of reoperations and post-operative dysphagia. We aimed to characterize esophageal dysmotility after long-term follow-up using data of high-resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) performed in patients who presented for LAGB removal...
November 29, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183135/-a-rare-case-of-gastric-outlet-syndrome-internal-incarceration-after-removal-of-gastric-banding
#16
Pál Ondrejka, Ferenc Siket, Mária Bakos, Márta Vámos, András Novák, István Sugár
The laparoscopically administrated adjustable gastric banding used to be widely practiced as treatment of extreme obesity. As lots of complaints and complications arose sooner or later after this procedure, they had to be removed quite often. Half year after such a removal we observed a 37-year-old female patient with complete gastric outlet obstruction. The patient was operated and cured completely. The cause of gastric obstruction was an internal incarceration of the pyloric region between the plication made at the time of the ring removal and the gastric body...
December 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178583/bariatric-surgery-and-the-incidence-of-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-in-the-swedish-obese-subjects-study
#17
Cristina Maglio, Markku Peltonen, Anna Rudin, Lena M S Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of bariatric surgery (vertical gastroplasty, gastric banding, or gastric bypass) compared with usual care on the incidence of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in the Swedish Obese Subjects study. METHODS: This report includes 1,991 subjects who underwent bariatric surgery and 2,018 controls with obesity from the SOS study; none of them had psoriasis or PsA at baseline. Information about psoriasis and PsA diagnosis was retrieved through the Swedish National Patient Register and questionnaires...
December 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175901/impact-of-weight-loss-on-inflammation-and-red-blood-cell-biomarkers-after-laparoscopic-gastric-banding-surgery
#18
Susana Coimbra, Cátia Ferreira, Luís Belo, Petronila Rocha-Pereira, Alice Catarino, Luís Monteiro, Cristina Catarino, Alice Santos-Silva
Adipose tissue produces several adipokines that are enrolled in different metabolic and inflammatory pathways that may disturb iron metabolism and erythropoiesis. Considering that laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has not been associated with a long-term risk of malabsorption, we performed a 13-month follow-up study in severe obese patients submitted to LAGB in order to clarify its impact on inflammation, iron metabolism and on red blood cell (RBC) biomarkers. Twenty obese patients were enrolled in the study, being clinical and analytically assessed before (T0) and 13 months after LAGB intervention (T1)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165440/dynamic-characterization-of-drug-resistance-and-heterogeneity-of-the-gastric-cancer-cell-bgc823-using-single-cell-raman-spectroscopy
#19
Yong Zhang, Ludi Jin, Jingjing Xu, Yuezhou Yu, Lin Shen, Jing Gao, Anpei Ye
Drug resistance and heterogeneous characteristics of human gastric carcinoma cells (BGC823) under the treatment of paclitaxel (PTX) were investigated using single-cell Raman spectroscopy (RS). RS of normal and drug-resistant BGC823 cells (DR-BGC823) were collected and analyzed using arithmetic, statistic and individual spectrum analysis. The dynamic effects of paclitaxel (PTX) in normal and DR-BGC823 cells were evaluated dynamically. The RS intensity changed with PTX over time and produced distinct different results for the two types of cells...
November 22, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160244/pulmonary-aspiration-in-adjustable-gastric-banding-carriers-undergoing-a-second-surgical-procedure-considerations-on-personal-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Contardo Vergani, Marco Venturi, Sara Badiali, Barbara Chella, Enrico Mozzi
BACKGROUND: The observation of a relatively high number of pulmonary aspirations (PA) among gastric band (GB) carriers undergoing a second surgery, prompted us to modify our strategy for GB patients candidate to further operation under general anesthesia. MATERIAL OF STUDY AND RESULTS: In January 2013, following the occurrence of PA at the induction of general anesthesia in 1 GB carrier undergoing a further operation, we reviewed our Data Base between January 2005 and 2013, to explore the rate of pulmonary aspiration in patients GB carriers undergoing a second surgery...
November 7, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
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