Read by QxMD icon Read

Knee biomechanics

Hirotaka Iijima, Kanako Shimoura, Tomoki Aoyama, Masaki Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Stair climbing was suggested to be the first affected task in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). RESEARCH QUESTION: This review aimed to identify consistent kinematic, kinetic, and spatiotemporal alterations of stair climbing exhibited by individuals with knee OA. METHODS: A literature search published until September 2017 was conducted in PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL. Reviewer extracted data in accordance with the Cochrane Handbook...
March 8, 2018: Gait & Posture
Luminita Labusca, Florin Zugun-Eloae
Intra-articular adipose tissue deposits known as articular fat pads (AFPs) are described to exist within synovial joints. Their assumed role in normal joint biomechanics is increasingly objectivized by means of advanced methods of functional imaging. AFPs possess structural similarity with body subcutaneous white adipose tissue (WAT), however, seems to be regulated by independent metabolic loops. AFP dimension are conserved during extreme WAT states: obesity, metabolic syndrome, lipodystrophy, and cachexia...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Pinar Yilgor Huri, Seren Hamsici, Emre Ergene, Gazi Huri, Mahmut Nedim Doral
Infrapatellar fat pad is a densely vascularized and innervated extrasynovial tissue that fills the anterior knee compartment. It plays a role in knee biomechanics as well as constitutes a source of stem cells for regeneration after knee injury. Infrapatellar fat pad-derived stem cells (IPFP-ASCs) possess enhanced and age-independent differentiation capacity as compared to other stem cells, which makes them a very promising candidate in stem cell-based regenerative therapy. The aims of this review are to outline the latest advances and potential trends in using IPFP-ASCs and to emphasize the advantages over other sources of stem cells for applications in orthopedic surgery...
March 19, 2018: Knee Surgery & related Research
Matthew D LaPrade, Samantha L Kallenbach, Zachary S Aman, Gilbert Moatshe, Hunter W Storaci, Travis Lee Turnbull, Elizabeth A Arendt, Jorge Chahla, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Quantification of the biomechanical properties of each individual medial patellar ligament will facilitate an understanding of injury patterns and enhance anatomic reconstruction techniques by improving the selection of grafts possessing appropriate biomechanical properties for each ligament. PURPOSE: To determine the ultimate failure load, stiffness, and mechanism of failure of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL), medial patellotibial ligament (MPTL), and medial patellomeniscal ligament (MPML) to assist with selection of graft tissue for anatomic reconstructions...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Stefan Plesser, Mohammad Keilani, Gyoergy Vekszler, Timothy Hasenoehrl, Stefano Palma, Martin Reschl, Richard Crevenna, Stefan Hajdu, Harald Kurt Widhalm
Biomechanical studies have shown the use of suture anchors (SA) to be superior to the traditional transosseous sutures (TS) in the repair of quadriceps tendon rupture (QTR). This study aimed to analyze and compare the functional outcomes of patients treated for quadriceps tendon ruptures using suture anchors or transosseous sutures. Patients having undergone suture anchor repair or transosseous suture repair for quadriceps tendon rupture between 2010 and 2015 at one of the two participating hospitals were included...
2018: PloS One
Michael A Zacchilli, Amos Z Dai, Eric J Strauss, Laith M Jazrawi, Robert J Meislin
The meniscus plays a vital role in knee biomechanics, and its physical absence or functional incompetence (e.g., irreparable root or radial tear) leads to unacceptably high rates of joint degeneration in affected populations. Meniscal allograft transplantation has been used successfully to treat patients with postmeniscectomy syndrome, and there is early laboratory and radiographic evidence hinting at a potential prophylactic role in preventing joint degeneration. We present a technique for lateral meniscal allograft transplantation using the CONMED Meniscal Allograft Transplantation system...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Enda King, Andrew Franklyn-Miller, Chris Richter, Eamon O'Reilly, Mark Doolan, Kieran Moran, Siobhan Strike, Éanna Falvey
BACKGROUND: Clinical assessments and rehabilitation in athletic groin pain (AGP) have focused on specific anatomical structures and uniplanar impairments rather than whole body movement. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of rehabilitation that targeted intersegmental control in patients with AGP and to investigate post rehabilitation changes in cutting biomechanics. METHODS: Two hundred and five patients with AGP were rehabilitated focusing on clinical assessment of intersegmental control, linear running and change of direction mechanics in this prospective case series...
March 17, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Enda F Whyte, Chris Richter, Siobhan O'Connor, Kieran A Moran
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries frequently occur during side cutting maneuvers when fatigued or reacting to the sporting environment. Trunk and hip biomechanics are proposed to influence ACL loading during these activities. However, the effects of fatigue and unanticipation on the biomechanics of the kinetic chain may be limited by traditional discrete point analysis. We recruited twenty-eight male, varsity, Gaelic footballers (21.7±2.2 years; 178.7±14.6m; 81.8±11.4kg) to perform anticipated and unanticipated side cutting maneuvers pre- and post- a high intensity, intermittent exercise protocol (HIIP)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Michael Day, Michael Ryan, Eric Strauss
The management of meniscal root injuries has changed as biomechanical studies have demonstrated the importance of meniscal integrity in load distribution across the knee joint. Meniscal injury causes altered joint mechanics, which is postulated to be related to the onset of arthrosis. Arthroscopic meniscal root repair has been shown to restore more normal joint mechanics and is considered a treatment option in the appropriately indicated patient. Short- and midterm clinical results of meniscal root repair are promising, but long-term results are yet to be established...
March 2018: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Shuichi Matsuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Mohammad Kia, Timothy M Wright, Michael B Cross, David J Mayman, Andrew D Pearle, Peter K Sculco, Geoffrey H Westrich, Carl W Imhauser
BACKGROUND: The correct amount of external rotation of the femoral component during TKA is controversial because the resulting changes in biomechanical knee function associated with varying degrees of femoral component rotation are not well understood. We addressed this question using a computational model, which allowed us to isolate the biomechanical impact of geometric factors including bony shapes, location of ligament insertions, and implant size across three different knees after posterior-stabilized (PS) TKA...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Bethany L Hansberger, Shellie Acocello, Lindsay V Slater, Joseph M Hart, Jatin P Ambegaonkar
CONTEXT:   Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries often occur during jump landings and can have detrimental short-term and long-term functional effects on quality of life. Despite frequently performing jump landings, dancers have lower incidence rates of ACL injury than other jump-landing athletes. Planned versus unplanned activities and footwear may explain differing ACL-injury rates among dancers and nondancers. Still, few researchers have compared landing biomechanics between dancers and nondancers...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Edward P Washabaugh, Chandramouli Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Robotic-resisted treadmill walking is a form of task-specific training that has been used to improve gait function in individuals with neurological injury, such as stroke, spinal cord injury, or cerebral palsy. Traditionally, these devices use active elements (e.g., motors or actuators) to provide resistance during walking, making them bulky, expensive, and less suitable for overground or in-home rehabilitation. We recently developed a low-cost, wearable robotic brace that generates resistive torques across the knee joint using a simple magnetic brake...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Melvin C Makhni, Jamal N Shillingford, Joseph L Laratta, Seung-Jae Hyun, Yongjung J Kim
The prevalence of patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) has been reported as high as 68%. ASD often leads to significant pain and disability. Recent emphasis has been placed on sagittal plane balance and restoring normal sagittal alignment with regards to the three dimensional deformity of ASD. Optimal sagittal alignment has been known to increase spinal biomechanical efficiency, reduce energy expenditure by maintaining a stable posture with improved load absorption, influence better bony union, and help to decelerate adjacent segment deterioration...
March 2018: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Kolja Gelse, Peter Angele, Peter Behrens, Peter Brucker, Jakob Fay, Daniel Günther, Peter Kreuz, Jörg Lützner, Henning Madry, Peter E Müller, Philipp Niemeyer, Geert Pagenstert, Thomas Tischer, Markus Walther, Wolfgang Zinser, Gunter Spahn
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, there is still no definite treatment algorithm for focal, partial thickness cartilage lesions (grade II - III). It is well-established that debridement (shaving/lavage) of large degenerative cartilage lesions is not recommended, but there is no such recommendation in the case of focal, partial thickness cartilage defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The scientific rationale of cartilage shaving and joint lavage was investigated and a systematic analysis was performed of the literature on the clinical effect of cartilage debridement...
March 9, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Iris Ribitsch, Christian Peham, Nicole Ade, Julia Dürr, Stephan Handschuh, Johannes Peter Schramel, Claus Vogl, Heike Walles, Monika Egerbacher, Florien Jenner
Meniscal pathologies are among the most common injuries of the femorotibial joint in both human and equine patients. Pathological forces and ensuing injuries of the cranial horn of the equine medial meniscus are considered analogous to those observed in the human posterior medial horn. Biomechanical properties of human menisci are site- and depth- specific. However, the influence of equine meniscus topography and composition on its biomechanical properties is yet unknown. A better understanding of equine meniscus composition and biomechanics could advance not only veterinary therapies for meniscus degeneration or injuries, but also further substantiate the horse as suitable translational animal model for (human) meniscus tissue engineering...
2018: PloS One
Su Jin Lee, Ricky Mehta-Desai, Kyunggeune Oh, Jon Sanford, Boris I Prilutsky
PURPOSE: Kinetic characteristics of transfers to and from a toilet performed using bilateral grab bars are not fully quantified to inform grab bar design and configuration. The purpose of this study was to (1) determine effects of bilateral swing-away grab bars on peaks of ankle, knee and hip joint moments during grab bar assisted stand-to-sit and sit-to-stand transfers; and (2) determine effects of three different heights and widths of swing-away grab bars on the same kinetic characteristics...
March 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Chao Wan, Zhixiu Hao
Graft tissues within bone tunnels remain mobile for a long time after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. However, whether the graft-tunnel friction affects the finite element (FE) simulation of the ACL reconstruction is still unclear. Four friction coefficients (from 0 to 0.3) were simulated in the ACL-reconstructed joint model as well as two loading levels of anterior tibial drawer. The graft-tunnel friction did not affect joint kinematics and the maximal principal strain of the graft. By contrast, both the relative graft-tunnel motion and equivalent strain for the bone tunnels were altered, which corresponded to different processes of graft-tunnel integration and bone remodeling, respectively...
March 9, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Volker Musahl, Elmar Herbst, Jeremy M Burnham, Freddie H Fu
The anterolateral structures of the knee have recently garnered considerable interest regarding their role in rotatory knee instability related to anterior cruciate ligament tears. Isolated anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction may not always restore rotatory stability of the knee. In these patients, additional procedures, such as lateral reconstruction or tenodesis, may be indicated. The anatomy of the anterolateral structures of the knee has been well described. Histologic and anatomic studies have reported conflicting findings regarding the presence of a discrete ligament...
March 6, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Hendrik Kohlhof, Sebastian Köhring, Dieter Christian Wirtz, Hartmut Witte
The number of hip and knee arthroplasty replacement surgeries is increasing steadily. In combination with demographic aging and the number of periprosthetic complications, this development has lead to the phenomenon where the need for revision surgery is rising. The problem is, that, while implantation procedures of hip arthroplasties are more or less standardized, explantation is a non-standardized task for experienced specialists, due to the unpredictability of the adequate loosening method. The surgeon often only gets to decide on which tools and methods may be applied to detach the prosthesis, only after getting access to the operation site...
March 2, 2018: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"