Read by QxMD icon Read


Anthony F Cannella, Suman Kr Dey, Samantha N MacMillan, David C Lacy
We have synthesized several new manganocene-adduct ([Cp2Mn(L)] = 1-L) complexes using pyridine and polypyridine ligands and report their molecular structures and characterization data. Consistent with other molecules in this class [(ηx-Cp)2MnLn] or [(ηx-Cp)2Mn(L-L)] (n = 1, 2; x = 1, 3, or 5), the manganese-cyclopentadienide interaction deviates from the classical ηx interactions (x = 3 or 5). Such deviations have been ascribed to steric factors and often called non-ideal hapticity. However, there is no quantification of this non-ideal hapticity and thus it is difficult to evaluate the extent of ring slippage or assign hapticity...
March 22, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Beatrice Ballarin, Michael Tymianski
Stroke creates a complex interplay of multiple signaing pathways including excitotoxicity, ionic imbalance, inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis. There are very few treatments that have been shown to be beneficial in acute stroke. Recent findings have provided insights into the pathophysiology and mechanisms of ischemic stroke, complementing the traditional glutamate hypothesis: the molecular interaction between PSD95 and GluN2B has been identified as a culprit in stroke-mediated excitotoxicity, leading to the discovery of NA-1, a peptide that disrupts that interaction, as a potent neuroprotective agent for the treatment of acute stroke...
March 22, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Mohamed Mokhtar, Patrick M Gosselin, Lacasse François-Xavier, Patrice Hildgen
Our work aimed at evaluating the use of Permeability glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibiting nanoparticles (NPs) as a part of a suitable oral solid dosage to improve bioavailability. Famotidine (Pepcid®), a stomach acid production inhibitor, was used as a drug model to test our hypothesis. Famotidine-loaded NPs were prepared by solvent emulsion evaporation using PEG grafted on a polylactide acid (PLA) polymer backbone (PLA-g-PEG), with a 5% molar ratio of PEG vs lactic acid monomer and PEG of either 750 or 2000 Da molecular weight...
March 22, 2018: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
Mei Jin, Ming Cao, Mingxing Chu, Jing'ai Piao, Xu Guo, Fengqin Zhao, Jun Piao
Liaoning cashmere goats are the most precious genetic resources in China. The function of LAMTOR3 [late endosomal/lysosomal adaptor, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and mammalian target of rapamycin activator 3/MAPK scaffold protein 1] gene is expressed in the skin of Liaoning cashmere goats. In situ hybridization (ISH) found that LAMTOR3 is expressed in the inner root sheath (IRS) of hair follicles. During the anagen or catagen phase, the expression of LAMTOR3 is higher in secondary hair follicles than in primary hair follicles...
March 22, 2018: Animal Biotechnology
Alessio Marcozzi, Franck Pellestor, Wigard P Kloosterman
In 2011 a phenomenon involving complex chromosomal rearrangements was discovered in cancer genomes. This phenomenon has been termed chromothripsis, on the basis of its chromosomal hallmarks, which point to an underlying process involving chromosome (chromo) shattering (thripsis). The prevailing hypothesis of cancer genome evolution as a gradual process of mutation and selection was challenged by the discovery of chromothripsis, because its patterns of chromosome rearrangement rather indicated an one-off catastrophic burst of genome rearrangement...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Luís A B Tonaco, Flavia L Gomes, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Miriam T P Lopes, Carlos E Salas
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of the proteolytic fraction from Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis, designated as P1G10, on the healing of chronic foot ulcers in neuropathic patients with diabetes 2. METHODS: Fifty patients were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, double-blind trial, to verify the efficacy and safety of a topical dressing formulated with 0.1% P1G10, intended for wound healing, versus a hydrogel (control) protocol. Upon completion of the intervention, the outcome evaluated the number of patients attaining full epithelization (100%), or at least 80% healing...
March 21, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Shatakshee Chatterjee, Rohan Chaubal, Arindam Maitra, Nilesh Gardi, Amit Dutt, Sudeep Gupta, Rajendra A Badwe, Partha P Majumder, Priyanka Pandey
PURPOSE: We have reported a survival benefit of single injection of hydroxyprogesterone prior to surgery for primary tumour in patients with node-positive operable breast cancer. Hydroxyprogesterone was meant to recapitulate the luteal phase of menstrual cycle in these women. We wanted to understand the molecular basis of action of hydroxyprogesterone on primary breast tumours in a peri-operative setting. METHODS: We performed whole transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) of primary breast tumour samples collected from patients before and after hydroxyprogesterone exposure and controls...
March 21, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Benjamin J Taylor, Robert L Jeanne
Many social insect species produce signals that either recruit foragers to a specific food source or simply activate more nestmates to become foragers. Both are means of enhancing resource exploitation by increasing the number of individuals devoted to gathering profitable resources. Gastral drumming (GD) has been documented in several species of yellowjackets and hornets (Vespidae: Vespinae). It has been hypothesized that it is a hunger signal, but there is little empirical evidence to support this claim. An alternative hypothesis is that GD recruits workers to forage for food...
March 21, 2018: Die Naturwissenschaften
Camila Gómez, Thomas Larsen, Brian Popp, Keith A Hobson, Carlos Daniel Cadena
Tools to study seasonal changes in animal diets are needed to address a wide range of ecological questions. This is especially true of migratory animals that experience distinct environments where diets may be substantially different. However, tracking diets of individuals that move vast distances has proven difficult. Compound-specific isotope analysis has emerged as a valuable tool to study diets but has been little used to study dietary changes of migratory animals. Using this technique, we quantify seasonal variation in the annual diet of a migratory songbird (gray-cheeked thrush, Catharus minimus) and test the hypothesis that migrants change their diet in response to the energetic requirements of different periods of the annual cycle...
March 22, 2018: Oecologia
Lei Shen, Jian Liu, Jin-Kang Li, Meng Xu, Lang Yuan, Guo-Qin Zhang, Jian-Yi Wang, Yu-Juan Huang
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the incidence of crochetage on the R wave in inferior limb leads can be used for the diagnosis of pediatric secundum atrial septal defect (ASD). Two hundred fifty-six children with secundum ASD (case cohort) and 256 age- and gender-matched children without heart disease (control cohort) were included in the study. Statistical analyses were performed to test the relationship between the ASD and the crochetage on the R wave with a single lead and three leads, respectively...
March 22, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Ixora Kamisan Atan, Sylvia Lin, Hans Peter Dietz, Peter Herbison, Peter Donald Wilson
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Levator ani muscle (LAM) and anal sphincter tears are common after vaginal birth and are associated with female pelvic organ prolapse and anal incontinence. The impact of subsequent births on LAM and external anal sphincter (EAS) integrity is less well defined. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of LAM and EAS trauma in primiparous (VP1) and multiparous (VP2+) women who had delivered vaginally to assess if there were differences between the two groups...
March 21, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Paulo B de Freitas, Sandra M S F Freitas, Mechelle M Lewis, Xuemei Huang, Mark L Latash
We used the framework of the uncontrolled manifold (UCM) hypothesis and explored the reliability of several outcome variables across different spaces of analysis during a very simple four-finger accurate force production task. Fourteen healthy, young adults performed the accurate force production task with each hand on 3 days. Small spatial finger perturbations were generated by the "inverse piano" device three times per trial (lifting the fingers 1 cm/0.5 s and lowering them). The data were analyzed using the following main methods: (1) computation of indices of the structure of inter-trial variance and motor equivalence in the space of finger forces and finger modes, and (2) analysis of referent coordinates and apparent stiffness values for the hand...
March 22, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Momoko Yamagata, Ali Falaki, Mark L Latash
We explored the relations between indices of mechanical stability of vertical posture and synergy indices under unexpected perturbations. The main hypotheses predicted higher posture-stabilizing synergy indices and higher mechanical indices of center of pressure stability during perturbations perceived by subjects as less challenging. Healthy subjects stood on a force platform and held in fully extended arms a bar attached to two loads acting downward and upward. One of the loads was unexpectedly released by the experimenter causing a postural perturbations...
March 21, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Folami Alamudun, Paige Paulus, Hong-Jun Yoon, Georgia Tourassi
Prior research has shown that physicians' medical decisions can be influenced by sequential context, particularly in cases where successive stimuli exhibit similar characteristics when analyzing medical images. This type of systematic error is known to psychophysicists as sequential context effect as it indicates that judgments are influenced by features of and decisions about the preceding case in the sequence of examined cases, rather than being based solely on the peculiarities unique to the present case...
July 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
Hesham El-Askary, Nick LaHaye, Erik Linstead, William A Sprigg, Magdi Yacoub
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a rare vascular disease that, if left untreated, can result in irreparable cardiac damage in children. While the symptoms of KD are well-known, as are best practices for treatment, the etiology of the disease and the factors contributing to KD outbreaks remain puzzling to both medical practitioners and scientists alike. Recently, a fungus known as Candida, originating in the farmlands of China, has been blamed for outbreaks in China and Japan, with the hypothesis that it can be transported over long ranges via different wind mechanisms...
October 31, 2017: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
Bhavin Mahendrabhai Patel, Nirav Vaghela, Deepak Ganjiwale
Background and Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the walking ability of a stroke patient using knee gaiter and suspended walker. Methodology: Thirty participants with first acute stroke within first 3 months with the mean age of 55.73 years participated and were allocated randomly into two groups. Participants were taken from Inpatient Department of Medicine of Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad and Physiotherapy Department of Shree Krishna Hospital, Karamsad...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Noha Mohsen Zommara, Muneyoshi Takahashi, Kajornvut Ounjai, Johan Lauwereyns
Researchers have used eye-tracking methods to infer cognitive processes during decision making in choice tasks involving visual materials. Gaze likelihood analysis has shown a cascading effect, suggestive of a causal role for the gaze in preference formation during evaluative decision making. According to the gaze bias hypothesis, the gaze serves to build commitment gradually towards a choice. Here, we applied gaze likelihood analysis in a two-choice version of the well-known Iowa Gambling Task. This task requires active learning of the value of different choice options...
April 2018: Cognitive Neurodynamics
Xiyuan Zhang, Guanying Bianca Xu, Dan Zhou, Yuan-Xiang Pan
Background: Liver is the crucial organ as a hub for metabolic reactions. p16(INK4a) is a well-established cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor that plays important role in the molecular pathways of senescence, which lead to irreversible cell cycle arrest with secretion of proinflammatory cytokines and mitochondrial dysfunction. This study tested the hypothesis that cellular senescence regulated by p16(INK4a) is associated with high-fat diet in adult male rats. Methods: Sprague Dawley rats were fed a high-fat (HF) diet or a control (C) diet for 9 weeks after weaning...
2018: Genes & Nutrition
Lisa Lampe, Gin S Malhi
Avoidant personality disorder (AVPD) is a relatively common disorder that is associated with significant distress, impairment, and disability. It is a chronic disorder with an early age at onset and a lifelong impact. Yet it is underrecognized and poorly studied. Little is known regarding the most effective treatment. The impetus for research into this condition has waxed and waned, possibly due to concerns regarding its distinctiveness from other disorders, especially social anxiety disorder (SAD), schizoid personality disorder, and dependent personality disorder...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Dalibor Pacik, Mariana Plevova, Lucie Urbanova, Zuzana Lackova, Vladislav Strmiska, Alois Necas, Zbynek Heger, Vojtech Adam
The hypothesis that dogs can detect malignant tumours through the identification of specific molecules is nearly 30 years old. To date, several reports have described the successful detection of distinct types of cancer. However, is still a lack of data regarding the specific molecules that can be recognized by a dog's olfactory apparatus. Hence, we performed a study with artificially prepared, well-characterized urinary specimens that were enriched with sarcosine, a widely reported urinary biomarker for prostate cancer (PCa)...
March 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"